CN105837135A - Pervious concrete for road and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Pervious concrete for road and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105837135A
CN105837135A CN201610114340.6A CN201610114340A CN105837135A CN 105837135 A CN105837135 A CN 105837135A CN 201610114340 A CN201610114340 A CN 201610114340A CN 105837135 A CN105837135 A CN 105837135A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
aggregate
gelatin
parts
mixing
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610114340.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程雷
Original Assignee
程雷
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 程雷 filed Critical 程雷
Priority to CN201610114340.6A priority Critical patent/CN105837135A/en
Publication of CN105837135A publication Critical patent/CN105837135A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • C04B28/065Calcium aluminosulfate cements, e.g. cements hydrating into ettringite
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to pervious concrete for a road. A formula for the pervious concrete comprises aggregate, sulphate aluminum cement, sodium silicate, gelatin, plastic steel fiber, an early-strength water-reducing agent, an expanding agent, an accelerator and a coloring agent. A preparation method for the concrete comprises the following steps: mixing gelatin with warm water; then mixing aggregate, sulphate aluminum cement, sodium silicate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, a mortar thickening agent and the accelerator under stirring; and uniformly pouring sodium silicate emulsion and a gelatin solution into a mixture obtained after stirring and carrying out stirring and heating. According to the invention, raw materials are easily available in a site of constructional engineering, and procedures of the method are simple and environment-friendly.

Description

A kind of road pervious concrete and manufacture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pervious concrete, particularly relate to a kind of road pervious concrete and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pervious concrete is also known as celluar concrete, permeable terrace, it is a kind of porous light concrete by aggregate, cement and water mixing, it does not contains fine aggregate, mutually bondd by coarse aggregate Surface coating a thin layer cement mortar and form the equally distributed alveolate texture in hole, therefore there is ventilative, permeable and lightweight feature, it is possible to claim non-fine concrete.It is by American-European, Japan and other countries for the defect on the road surface of former urban road, and the one of application can allow rainwater flow into underground, effective recharge of groundwater, alleviate some Urban Environmental Problems of the level of ground water drastically decline etc. in city.And the harm of the environmental pollutions such as ground oil compounds can be effectively eliminated;Meanwhile, it is protection subsoil water, maintaining ecological balance, the excellent pavement material of urban heat land effect can be alleviated;In its benign development being conducive to environment for human survival and the work such as urban rainwater management and water prevention and cure of pollution, there is special significance.
Pervious concrete begins to research and application in the U.S. from the 1970s and 1980s in last century, many countries are all in large-scale popularization, as the road reformation of 90% to be become pervious concrete by Germany's expection in a short time, change and destroy in the past the ground of urban ecology and lay, make pervious concrete pavement depend on to obtain social benefit widely.
But, the performance indications of the pervious concrete prepared by the formula of prior art are not highly desirable, do not reach good water penetration, it is impossible to meet demand.Therefore, a kind of high performance road pervious concrete is produced particularly important.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of road pervious concrete, particularly relate to a kind of road pervious concrete and preparation method thereof.
The technical scheme is that a kind of road pervious concrete, it is characterised in that the formula of described concrete is aggregate 60~70 parts, sulphate aluminium cement 20~30 parts, sodium silicate 10~15 parts, gelatin 3~5 parts, plastic-steel fabric 0.5~1 part, early strength water-reducing agent 0.1~0.3 part, extender 0.1~0.3 part, accelerator 0.1~0.3 part, coloring agent 0.1~0.3 part, described aggregate is metallurgical slag, gangue, cinder, the mixture of building waste porous aggregate, and the particle diameter of aggregate is 5~20 millimeters.
Further, the preparation method of described concrete is as follows:
Step one: by gelatin with warm water according to 1: 3 dilution mixture;
Step 2: blender stirring is put in described aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement, sodium sulfate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, mortar thickening agent, accelerator mixing;
Step 3: uniformly drench in mixture after agitation into sodium silicate emulsion, gelatin solution and proportioning water;
Step 4: the product of step 3 is stirred and heats;
Step 5: after reaching uniform temperature, mixing speed is reduced to original three/carry out in the lump continuously stirred.
Further, the temperature of the warm water of described step one is 80 degree.
Further, the mixing time of described step 2 is 10~15 minutes.
Further, the pouring angle of incidence of described step 3 is 15~20 minutes.
Further, the mixing time of described step 4 is 10~15 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65~70 degree.
Further, the mixing time of described step 5 is 10~20 minutes.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: raw material of the present invention is metallurgical slag, gangue, cinder, building waste; these raw materials are conveniently easy to get in the place of architectural engineering; the recycling of building waste is also used while reducing cost; decreasing the operation of burning, Save Resource Protect Environment kills two birds with one stone.
Sulphate aluminium cement has strong, the most high-strength feature, and its 3 days intensity are equivalent to 28 days intensity of same label portland cement, it is adaptable to repairing rush construction engineering;Owing to this cement series intensity plays fast, therefore in prefabricated components, application can save steam-cured energy expenditure;There is good frost resistance, be widely used in the engineering of winter low temperature construction;
Sodium lignosulfate, has good diffusion, can be dissolved in the water of any hardness, chemistry of aqueous solution good stability, biodegradable.Lignosulphonates have the uneven anionic polyelectrolyte of polydispersity also known as sulphite lignin.Solid product is the free-pouring powder of yellowish-brown, has hygroscopicity.Soluble in water, do not changed by pH value and affected.Aqueous solution be brown to black, have colloid property, the viscosity of solution raises with the increase of concentration.Lignosulfonates are the least to reducing the capillary effect in interface between liquid, and can not reduce the surface tension of water or form micelle.
Sodium silicate another name waterglass, purposes widely, almost throughout each department of national economy.It is used to manufacture the various silicates products such as silica gel, white carbon, zeolite molecular sieve, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, Ludox, layer silicon and instant powdery sodium silicate, sodium potassium silicate at chemical system, is the base stock of silicon compound.In developed country, the deep processing series of products with sodium silicate as raw material have evolved to more than 50 kinds, and some has been applied to high, precision and frontier sciemtifec and technical sphere.Building trade is used for manufacture quick hardening cement, acid-resistant cement dubbin, soil-solidified-agent, refractory material etc..
The raw material that the present invention chooses not only energy-conserving and environment-protective, and be widely used in this day and age and be conveniently easy to get, the manufacture method of this concrete mainly includes that stirring and leaching are drenched, and easy and simple to handle, fast and easy, the firm long-life, low cost is so there being good development prospect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the fabrication processing figure of the present invention
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
A kind of road pervious concrete, the formula of concrete is 60 parts of aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement 20 parts, sodium silicate 10 parts, 3 parts of gelatin, plastic-steel fabric 0.5 part, early strength water-reducing agent 0.1 part, extender 0.1 part, accelerator 0.1 part, coloring agent 0.1 part.Aggregate is metallurgical slag, gangue, cinder, the mixture of building waste porous aggregate, and the particle diameter of aggregate is 10 millimeters.
The preparation method of concrete is as follows:
Step one: by gelatin with warm water according to 1: 3 dilution mixture, the temperature of warm water is 80 degree.
Step 2: described aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement, sodium sulfate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, mortar thickening agent, accelerator mixing are put into blender stirring, and mixing time is 10 minutes.
Step 3: uniformly drench into sodium silicate emulsion, gelatin solution and proportioning water in mixture after agitation, drenching the angle of incidence is 15 minutes.
Step 4: being stirred by the product of step 3 and heat, mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree, and mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree.
Step 5: after reaching uniform temperature, mixing speed is reduced to original three/carry out continuously stirred in the lump, mixing time is 10 minutes.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of road pervious concrete, the formula of concrete is 70 parts of aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement 20 parts, sodium silicate 10 parts, 3 parts of gelatin, plastic-steel fabric 0.5 part, early strength water-reducing agent 0.1 part, extender 0.1 part, accelerator 0.1 part, coloring agent 0.1 part.Aggregate is metallurgical slag, gangue, cinder, the mixture of building waste porous aggregate, and the particle diameter of aggregate is 10 millimeters.
The preparation method of concrete is as follows:
Step one: by gelatin with warm water according to 1: 3 dilution mixture, the temperature of warm water is 80 degree.
Step 2: described aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement, sodium sulfate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, mortar thickening agent, accelerator mixing are put into blender stirring, and mixing time is 10 minutes.
Step 3: uniformly drench into sodium silicate emulsion, gelatin solution and proportioning water in mixture after agitation, drenching the angle of incidence is 15 minutes.
Step 4: being stirred by the product of step 3 and heat, mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree, and mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree.
Step 5: after reaching uniform temperature, mixing speed is reduced to original three/carry out continuously stirred in the lump, mixing time is 10 minutes.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of road pervious concrete, the formula of concrete is 75 parts of aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement 20 parts, sodium silicate 10 parts, 3 parts of gelatin, plastic-steel fabric 0.5 part, early strength water-reducing agent 0.1 part, extender 0.1 part, accelerator 0.1 part, coloring agent 0.1 part.Aggregate is metallurgical slag, gangue, cinder, the mixture of building waste porous aggregate, and the particle diameter of aggregate is 10 millimeters.
The preparation method of concrete is as follows:
Step one: by gelatin with warm water according to 1: 3 dilution mixture, the temperature of warm water is 80 degree.
Step 2: described aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement, sodium sulfate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, mortar thickening agent, accelerator mixing are put into blender stirring, and mixing time is 10 minutes.
Step 3: uniformly drench into sodium silicate emulsion, gelatin solution and proportioning water in mixture after agitation, drenching the angle of incidence is 15 minutes.
Step 4: being stirred by the product of step 3 and heat, mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree, and mixing time is 10 minutes, and temperature is heated to 65 degree.
Step 5: after reaching uniform temperature, mixing speed is reduced to original three/carry out continuously stirred in the lump, mixing time is 10 minutes.
Arrangement and method for construction: during construction, paves after concrete is poured into roadbed, then uses high-frequency vibrating bar jolt ramming, simultaneously filling-in, last after with ultrasound wave plain bumper road surface jolt ramming drops again, maintenance 4~can use after 6 days.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention entered a line explanation.
Principal character and the advantage of the present invention have more than been shown and described.Skilled person will appreciate that of the industry; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the principle that the present invention is simply described described in above-described embodiment and description; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements both fall within scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (7)

1. a road pervious concrete, it is characterised in that the formula of described concrete is aggregate 60~70 parts, sulphate aluminium cement 20~30 parts, sodium silicate 10~15 parts, gelatin 3~5 parts, plastic-steel fabric 0.5~1 part, early strength water-reducing agent 0.1~0.3 part, Extender 0.1~0.3 part, accelerator 0.1~0.3 part, coloring agent 0.1~0.3 part, described aggregate be metallurgical slag, gangue, Cinder, the mixture of building waste porous aggregate, the particle diameter of aggregate is 5~20 millimeters.
A kind of road pervious concrete the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation method of described concrete is as follows:
Step one: by gelatin with warm water according to 1: 3 dilution mixture;
Step 2: by described aggregate, sulphate aluminium cement, sodium sulfate, triethanolamine, sodium lignosulfonate, mortar thickening agent, Blender stirring is put in accelerator mixing;
Step 3: uniformly drench in mixture after agitation into sodium silicate emulsion, gelatin solution and proportioning water;
Step 4: the product of step 3 is stirred and heats;
Step 5: after reaching uniform temperature, mixing speed is reduced to original three/carry out in the lump continuously stirred.
The preparation method of concrete the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the temperature of the warm water of described step one is 80 degree.
The preparation method of concrete the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the mixing time of described step 2 is 10~15 Minute.
The preparation method of concrete the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the pouring angle of incidence of described step 3 is 15~20 Minute.
The preparation method of concrete the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the mixing time of described step 4 is 10~15 Minute, temperature is heated to 65~70 degree.
The preparation method of concrete the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the mixing time of described step 5 is 10~20 Minute.
CN201610114340.6A 2016-03-01 2016-03-01 Pervious concrete for road and manufacturing method thereof CN105837135A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107857537A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-30 上海雨湃建筑节能工程有限公司 A kind of permeable pavement product and preparation method thereof
CN108083734A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-05-29 定远县明友墙体材料有限责任公司 A kind of strong mechanical performance concrete permeable brick
CN108455944A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-08-28 南京兴佑交通科技有限公司 A kind of colorful water-permeable concrete for exempting from maintenance
CN108623245A (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-10-09 北京市小红门混凝土有限责任公司 pervious concrete and preparation method thereof
CN109095802A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-28 宁波联城住工科技有限公司 Expansive agent for concrete, concrete and preparation method thereof
CN109928697A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-25 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Pervious concrete of Stainless-steel fibre and preparation method thereof
CN110039653A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-23 福建嘉瑞宝海绵城市环保科技有限公司 Heat penetration water coagulation soil production method is mixed at a kind of scene

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108623245A (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-10-09 北京市小红门混凝土有限责任公司 pervious concrete and preparation method thereof
CN107857537A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-30 上海雨湃建筑节能工程有限公司 A kind of permeable pavement product and preparation method thereof
CN108083734A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-05-29 定远县明友墙体材料有限责任公司 A kind of strong mechanical performance concrete permeable brick
CN108455944A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-08-28 南京兴佑交通科技有限公司 A kind of colorful water-permeable concrete for exempting from maintenance
CN108455944B (en) * 2018-04-20 2019-03-15 南京兴佑交通科技有限公司 A kind of colorful water-permeable concrete for exempting from maintenance
CN109095802A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-28 宁波联城住工科技有限公司 Expansive agent for concrete, concrete and preparation method thereof
CN109928697A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-06-25 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Pervious concrete of Stainless-steel fibre and preparation method thereof
CN110039653A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-23 福建嘉瑞宝海绵城市环保科技有限公司 Heat penetration water coagulation soil production method is mixed at a kind of scene

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