CN105804650B - Long spiral drilling machine - Google Patents

Long spiral drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105804650B
CN105804650B CN201610195169.6A CN201610195169A CN105804650B CN 105804650 B CN105804650 B CN 105804650B CN 201610195169 A CN201610195169 A CN 201610195169A CN 105804650 B CN105804650 B CN 105804650B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
walking
pressurizing
pulley block
drill rod
power head
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CN201610195169.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105804650A (en
Inventor
施林
杨锁祥
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HUNAN NEW TIMEHOPE CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY CO Ltd
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HUNAN NEW TIMEHOPE CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201610195169.6A priority Critical patent/CN105804650B/en
Publication of CN105804650A publication Critical patent/CN105804650A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B12/00Accessories for drilling tools
    • E21B12/06Mechanical cleaning devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • E21B15/003Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts adapted to be moved on their substructure, e.g. with skidding means; adapted to drill a plurality of wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/008Winding units, specially adapted for drilling operations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/084Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods with flexible drawing means, e.g. cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a long spiral drilling machine which comprises a machine body, a power head, a mud scraping device, a walking device and a power device, wherein the power head is connected with a drill rod and used for driving the drill rod to rotate around the axis of the power head, one end of the drill rod is provided with a drill bit, the long spiral drilling machine also comprises an upright post, a protective cylinder is arranged on the upright post, and one side of the protective cylinder is provided with the mud scraping device used for cleaning the drill rod and/or the drill bit. The long spiral drilling machine provided by the invention has the advantages of simple structure, firmness, reliability, attractive appearance and flexible use; the machine moving device is convenient to use, maintain and repair, has high machine moving efficiency, can greatly reduce the labor intensity of workers, improves the production efficiency and saves the production cost; the dismounting is simple and convenient, the main engine can be arranged on the flat car by utilizing the chassis system of the main engine, the transfer time of the main engine is greatly shortened, and the transfer workload is reduced. Meanwhile, the adhesive on the drill bit and the drill rod can be removed in real time, and the operation quality and speed are improved.

Description

Long spiral drilling machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to engineering machinery, and particularly relates to a long spiral drilling machine.
Background
The construction equipment for the more common pile foundation is mainly a screw pile machine, and has the advantages of simple operation, convenient use and high drilling efficiency, but the construction range is narrow and rock stratum drilling cannot be implemented due to the influence of factors such as torque of a power head, vibration resistance, shock resistance, pile frame height and the like. Today, buildings are continuously developed in space in the height direction and face challenges of various geological conditions in regions, particularly highways, viaducts, high-speed railways and the like, the construction of the buildings depends on firmer pile foundations, equipment such as rotary drilling rigs, impact drilling rigs or positive and negative circulation drilling rigs are still adopted in the foundation construction of the buildings at present to complete the pile foundation construction of large-aperture piles, deep piles and rock drilling, the equipment is large-head and small-tail piles, a large drill bit for forming large-aperture pile holes is connected with upper equipment through a drill rod or a steel wire rope, a mud wall protection measure is required to avoid hole collapse in the construction process, the hole cleaning and the concrete injection of a reinforcement cage are required after the hole forming in the construction process specification, so that the residual mud on the side wall and the bottom of the hole cannot be avoided, the side resistance and the end resistance of the pile are greatly weakened, in addition, the concrete injection pile is formed by a guide pipe under water in the, technical accidents such as pile breakage and the like are easy to occur.
CN201110049778.8 discloses a auger drill for shaping concrete piles of different depths and shapes, which comprises a drilling tool, the drilling tool comprises a hollow drill rod with helical blades, the lower end of the hollow drill rod is a drill bit provided with a discharge hole, wherein the drilling tool further comprises a drill barrel coaxially arranged with the hollow drill rod, the diameter of the inner wall of the drill barrel is slightly larger than that of the helical blades on the hollow drill rod, the outer wall of the drill barrel is provided with external helical blades, and an unlockable linkage mechanism is arranged between the hollow drill rod and the drill barrel. Although the structure of the drill rod and the drill bit is improved, the problem of removing adhesion on the drill bit and the drill rod during operation cannot be solved, and meanwhile, the spiral drilling machine cannot walk, move and align to a pile position quickly and conveniently, so that the improved design is needed urgently.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention discloses a long spiral drilling machine.
The invention provides a long spiral drilling machine which comprises a machine body, a power head, a mud scraping device, a walking device and a power device, wherein the power head is connected with a drill rod and used for driving the drill rod to rotate around the axis of the power head;
the walking device is provided with a slewing mechanism, a slewing bearing and a slewing table, the machine body is connected with the slewing table through the slewing bearing, and the machine body and the slewing table are driven by the slewing mechanism to enable the machine body and the slewing table to rotate;
the power device is provided with a pressurizing winch, a first pressurizing pulley block, a second pressurizing pulley block, a third pressurizing pulley block and a fourth pressurizing pulley block, the second pressurizing pulley block is movably connected with the machine body through a connecting pin, the fourth pressurizing pulley block is fixedly arranged below the power head, and a steel wire rope is stretched out of the pressurizing winch, bypasses the first pressurizing pulley block, the second pressurizing pulley block, the third pressurizing pulley block and the fourth pressurizing pulley block, and then is fixed on the machine body through a rope head and is used for pressurizing the power head.
Because the auger drilling machine inevitably has other drillings such as clay when drilling operation, the drill bit and the drilling rod go up from the ground bottom rise, and especially the adhesion that is located between every helical pitch of screw rod is more, consequently enters into the pitch of screw rod through the blade on the mud scraping device, can conveniently clear up the adhesion on drill bit and the drilling rod. The relative position between the machine body and the rotary table can be changed by arranging the traveling device, so that the working position of the drill rod can be conveniently adjusted, and the working efficiency is improved. The power device is used for providing power for axial drilling of the drill rod, the pushing torque can be amplified through mutual matching of the plurality of pressurizing pulley blocks, meanwhile, the second pressurizing pulley block is movably connected with the machine body and can be adjusted at different positions according to different working conditions, and the flexibility and the convenience of operation are greatly improved.
Preferably, the mud scraping device is provided with a connecting seat arranged on the protective cylinder, the connecting seat is connected with a support, and the support is connected with a rack shaft sleeve.
Preferably, the mud scraping device is further provided with a rotating support, a rotating support sleeve is fixedly connected to the rotating support, the rack shaft sleeve and the rotating support sleeve are mutually hinged through a hinged rotating shaft, and then the rotating support can rotate around the hinged rotating shaft.
Since the connecting base is a stationary part, it is usually fixedly mounted on the casing, while the bracket supports the entire scraper device and is also fixedly connected to the connecting base. The rotating bracket is used for supporting the blade and is fixedly connected with the blade, so that the action between the rotating bracket and the blade is kept consistent. And the frame shaft sleeve and the rotating support sleeve are hinged with each other, the rotating support sleeve is arranged on the rotating support and keeps consistent with the rotating support in action, and the frame shaft sleeve and the rotating support sleeve keep consistent in action in the same way, namely, the blades and the rotating support have a motion relation, so that the position relation between the blades and the rotating support is changed, and further, the position relation between the blades and the drill rod and the drill bit can be adjusted.
Preferably, the rotating bracket is also hinged with a connecting rod, and the blade on the rotating bracket can move by pushing the connecting rod, so that the position relation between the blade and the drill rod and/or the drill bit is adjusted; the connecting rod is provided with a plurality of adjusting holes, and the adjusting holes on the connecting rod and the locking pins arranged on the bracket are locked with each other, so that the position relation between the blades and the drill rod and/or the drill bit is fixed.
Because the connecting rod is hinged with the rotating support, the connecting rod drives the rotating support to act when acting, and the position relation among the blades, the drill rod and the drill bit is changed by the action of the rotating support. The relative position of the connecting rod and the bracket changes during the action process, so that the connecting rod can be fixed at different positions through locking pins at different positions, and the blade can have a plurality of positions for selection. Therefore, the connecting rod not only can push the rotating bracket to act, but also plays a role in fixing.
Preferably, the rotary table further comprises a cross beam, an insertion hole is formed in the upper portion of the cross beam, a ball head is mounted below the cross beam, and the rotary table is inserted into the insertion hole in the upper portion of the cross beam and locked firmly through a pin shaft; the ball head positioned below the cross beam is connected with a walking trolley arranged on a walking ship.
Preferably, the walking trolley is provided with walking wheels, and the walking wheels move in walking tracks arranged on the walking ship.
The cross beam is used as a connecting piece to connect the rotary table and the ball head, and the ball head is connected with the walking trolley, so when the trolley acts, the ball head moves simultaneously and drives the rotation to also perform corresponding action, the rotary table is connected with the machine body through the rotary support, and the machine body is also driven by the walking trolley. Therefore, the translational motion of the machine body is finally implemented on the action of the walking trolley, the translational motion of the machine body is realized besides the rotary motion, and the relative driving is simpler and more convenient.
Preferably, the walking trolley is connected with a cylinder barrel of the walking oil cylinder, a piston rod of the walking oil cylinder is connected with the walking ship, the walking oil cylinder pushes the walking trolley to drive the rotary table and the machine body to reciprocate in a walking track of the walking ship, the walking ship is provided with a walking track, a box body, a vertical plate and a scraper, and the walking trolley is located in a semi-closed cavity formed by the box body, the vertical plate and the scraper and used for preventing soil from entering.
The machine body is driven by the walking oil cylinder to realize translation, and the translation of the walking trolley is limited in a fixed route by the arrangement of the walking track, so that the problem that the machine body is difficult to control the movement track due to large weight and large inertia is solved. The box body, the vertical plate and the scraper blade roughly form a rectangular closed cavity, and the walking track is closed in the rectangular closed cavity, so that the safety during operation is improved.
Preferably, the fuselage still is connected with the several landing leg, the landing leg is used for supporting the fuselage, the one end of landing leg still is connected with the chassis, still install main hoist engine and vice hoist engine on the fuselage, main hoist engine or vice hoist engine make it pass through the top assembly pulley and then promote the drilling rod through the drive steel cable.
The support legs are used for supporting the whole machine body to keep a certain longitudinal distance from the ground, and the distance between the machine body and the ground can be adjusted. The chassis is used for enlarging the contact area with the ground, so that the chassis can not sink into the ground on soft ground, and the instability of the whole machine is avoided. The main winch and the auxiliary winch output power to the pressurizing winch, so that the pressurizing winch can lift the drill rod.
Preferably, the one end of bracing is connected to the fuselage, the other end of bracing is connected on the stand, the stand is fixedly installed on the fuselage, still install balancing weight and driver's cabin on the fuselage.
Preferably, a top pulley block for a steel cable group to pass through is arranged on the upright column, one end of the steel cable group is connected with the pressurizing winding device, the other end of the steel cable group is connected with the power head, the power head is slidably arranged on a guide rail on the upright column, the upright column is installed on the machine body, and the power head is slidably arranged on the upright column.
In summary, the invention has the following advantages:
therefore, the long spiral drilling machine provided by the invention has the advantages of simple structure, firmness, reliability, beautiful appearance and flexible use; the machine moving device is convenient to use, maintain and repair, has high machine moving efficiency, can greatly reduce the labor intensity of workers, improves the production efficiency and saves the production cost; the dismounting is simple and convenient, the main engine can be arranged on the flat car by utilizing the chassis system of the main engine, the transfer time of the main engine is greatly shortened, and the transfer workload is reduced. Meanwhile, the adhesive on the drill bit and the drill rod can be removed in real time, and the operation quality and speed are improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the walking boat and related components;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the vessel and associated components from yet another perspective;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the vessel and associated components from yet another perspective;
FIG. 6 is a side view of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the construction of the pressurization winch and associated components;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the pressurized drawworks and associated components from yet another perspective;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the mud scraping device;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of the mud scraping device from another view;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the mud scraping device from another view angle.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described more fully with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1-11, the invention provides a long auger drill, which comprises a body 1 and a power head 4, wherein the power head 4 is connected with a drill rod 5 and is used for driving the drill rod to rotate around the axis of the power head 4, a drill bit 51 is arranged at one end of the drill rod 5, and a mud scraping device for cleaning the drill rod 5 and/or the drill bit 51 is arranged at one side of the drill rod 5. The drilling machine further comprises a stand column 3, wherein a protective cylinder 6 is installed on the stand column 3, and a mud scraping device used for cleaning the drill rod 5 and/or the drill bit 51 is arranged on one side of the protective cylinder 6.
The mud scraping device is provided with a connecting seat 61 installed on the protective cylinder 6, a support 62 is connected to the connecting seat 61, and a rack shaft sleeve 621 is connected to the support 62.
The mud scraping device is further provided with a rotating support 64, a rotating support sleeve 641 is fixedly connected to the rotating support 64, the rack shaft sleeve 621 and the rotating support sleeve 641 are hinged to each other through a hinge rotating shaft 65, and then the rotating support 64 can rotate around the hinge rotating shaft 65.
The rotating bracket 64 is provided with a blade rotating shaft 66, the blade rotating shaft 66 is provided with a blade 661 for scraping mud, and the blade 661 can rotate around the rotating shaft 66.
Since the connection base 61 is a stationary part, it is generally fixedly installed on the casing 6, and it is connected with the casing 6 by a bolt. The bracket 62 is formed by welding angle iron, channel steel and steel plates, supports the whole mud scraping device, and is also fixedly connected with the connecting seat 61. The rotating bracket 64 is used to support the blades 661 and is fixedly connected thereto so that the action between the rotating bracket 64 and the blades 661 is maintained in unison. And the frame shaft sleeve 621 and the rotating bracket sleeve 641 are hinged with each other, and the rotating bracket sleeve 641 is arranged on the rotating bracket 64 to keep the same action with the rotating bracket 64, and similarly, the frame shaft sleeve 621 keeps the same action with the bracket 62, that is, the blade 661 and the bracket 62 have a moving relationship, so that the position relationship between the two is changed, and further, the position relationship between the blade 661 and the drill rod 5 and the drill bit 51 can be adjusted.
The rotating bracket 64 is also hinged with a connecting rod 67, and the blade 661 on the rotating bracket 64 can be moved by pushing the connecting rod 67, so that the position relation between the blade 661 and the drill rod 5 and/or the drill bit 51 can be adjusted. The link 67 is provided with a plurality of adjusting holes 671, and the adjusting holes 671 on the link 67 and the locking pins 621 arranged on the bracket 62 are locked with each other, so that the position relationship between the blades 661 and the drill rod 5 and/or the drill bit 51 is fixed.
Since one end of the connecting rod 67 is hinged to the rotating bracket 64, when the connecting rod 67 is moved, the rotating bracket 64 is driven to move, and the position relationship between the blades 661 and the drill rod 5 and the drill bit 51 is changed by the movement of the rotating bracket 64. Since the relative position of the link 67 and the bracket 62 is changed during the operation, the lock pin 622 can be fixed at different positions by inserting the lock pin 622 at different positions, so that the blade 661 can be fixed relatively after the position adjustment. The connecting rod 67 not only pushes the rotating bracket 64, but also plays a role in fixing.
The device further comprises a slewing mechanism 7, a slewing bearing 71 and a slewing table 75, wherein the machine body 1 is connected with the slewing table 75 through the slewing bearing 71. The body 1 and the turntable 75 are driven by the slewing mechanism 7, so that the body 1 and the turntable 75 can rotate. The device further comprises a cross beam 72, an insertion hole 79 is formed in the upper portion of the cross beam 72, and a ball 73 is mounted below the cross beam 72.
The turntable 75 is inserted into an insertion hole 79 formed in the upper portion of the cross member 72 and is locked by a pin 74. The bulb 73 below the cross beam 72 is connected to a walking trolley 77 mounted on a walking boat 76. The walking trolley 77 is provided with walking wheels 771, and the walking wheels 771 move in walking rails 761 arranged on the walking ship 76.
The swing mechanism 7 is provided with a swing motor a14 as a power source for driving rotation between the body 1 and the swing table 75. The beam 72 is used as a connecting piece to connect the revolving platform 75 and the ball 73, and the ball 73 is connected with the walking trolley 77, so when the walking trolley 77 acts, the ball 73 moves simultaneously and drives the revolving platform 75 to correspondingly act, the revolving platform 75 is connected with the machine body 1 through the slewing bearing 71, and the machine body 1 is also driven by the walking trolley 77. Therefore, the translational motion of the body 1 is finally implemented in the motion of the traveling trolley 77, the translational motion other than the rotational motion of the body 1 is implemented, and the relative driving is made simple and convenient.
The walking trolley 77 is connected with a cylinder barrel of the walking oil cylinder 70, a piston rod of the walking oil cylinder 70 is connected with the walking boat 76, and the walking oil cylinder 70 pushes the walking trolley 77 to drive the rotary table 75 and the machine body 1 to reciprocate in a walking track 761 of the walking boat 76. The traveling ship 76 is provided with a traveling rail 761, a box 762, a vertical plate 763 and a scraper 764. The walking trolley 77 is located in a semi-closed cavity formed by the box 762, the vertical plate 763 and the scraper 764, and is used for preventing soil from entering.
The machine body 1 is driven by the walking oil cylinder 70 to realize translation, and the arrangement of the walking track 761 ensures that the translation of the walking trolley 77 is limited in a fixed route, thereby avoiding the problem that the machine body 1 is difficult to control the movement track due to heavy weight and large inertia. Meanwhile, when the auger drill of the embodiment works, drilled soil is easily brought out from the drill bit 51 and the drill rod 5, so that the walking trolley 77 needs to be protected, and the box 762, the vertical plate 763 and the scraper 764 form a rectangular closed cavity (although other shapes are feasible, the rectangular shape is relatively convenient to implement in terms of manufacturability), so that the walking rail 761 is closed therein, thereby improving the safety during operation.
The machine body 1 is provided with a pressurizing winch 8, a first pressurizing pulley block 81, a second pressurizing pulley block 82, a third pressurizing pulley block 83 and a fourth pressurizing pulley block 84. The second pressurizing pulley block 82 is movably connected with the machine body 1 through a connecting pin 85, and the fourth pressurizing pulley block 84 is fixedly installed below the power head 4.
A steel wire rope 86 extending out of the pressurizing winch 8 is fixed on the machine body 1 by winding around the first pressurizing pulley block 81, the second pressurizing pulley block 82, the third pressurizing pulley block 83 and the fourth pressurizing pulley block 84, and is used for pressurizing the power head 4.
The power device is used for providing power for axial drilling of the drill rod 5, the propelling moment can be amplified through mutual matching of the plurality of pressurizing pulley blocks, and meanwhile, the second pressurizing pulley block 82 is movably connected with the machine body 1 and can be adjusted at different positions according to different working conditions so as to realize adjustment of different tensioning degrees and adapt to different working conditions.
The fuselage 1 still is connected with several landing leg 11, landing leg 11 is used for supporting fuselage 1, the one end of landing leg 11 still is connected with chassis 111. The main winch 12 and the auxiliary winch 13 are further installed on the body 1, and the main winch 12 or the auxiliary winch 13 drives the steel cable to pass through the top pulley block 32 so as to lift the drill rod 5.
The legs 11 are used to support the whole body 1 at a certain longitudinal distance from the ground, and the distance between the body 1 and the ground can be adjusted by the leg cylinders a 10. The chassis 111 is disc-shaped and used for enlarging the contact area with the ground, so that the chassis is not sunk into the ground on soft ground, and the instability of the whole machine is avoided. The main hoist 12 and the auxiliary hoist 13 are driven by the hoist motor a18, and the main hoist 12 and the auxiliary hoist 13 output power to the pressurizing winch 8 again, so that it can lift the drill rod 5.
Fuselage 1 connects the one end of bracing 2, the other end of bracing 2 is connected on stand 3, stand 3 is installed on fuselage 1 fixedly. The upright post 3 is provided with a top pulley block 32 for a steel cable group to pass through, one end of the steel cable group is connected with a pressurizing winding device, the other end of the steel cable group is connected with a power head 4, and the power head 4 is slidably arranged on a guide rail 31 on the upright post 3. The upright post 3 is arranged on the machine body 1, and the power head 4 is arranged on the upright post 3 in a sliding manner.
Because the general major diameter of stand 3 is great, so stability is not good enough, consequently through the diagonal bracing of bracing 2, can form effective diagonal bracing, form triangular structure, it is comparatively stable. The power head 4 can slide on the guide rail 31 and can follow the position of the drill rod 5 in real time.
The fuselage 1 is also provided with a counterweight 14 and a cab 15.
When the spiral drilling machine is used, the spiral drilling machine is firstly installed in place, then the location work is carried out on the place needing drilling, then the rotation mechanism 7 is used for driving the machine body 1 to rotate, the translation motion of the machine body 1 is carried out, the two actions move the drill rod 5 to the preset position, and the work is stopped after the adjustment is carried out in place. The power head 4 is then activated, the power head 4 typically rotating a gear reduction motor as a power source to drive the rotational movement of the drill pipe 5, while driving the pressurized winch 8 to power the axial movement of the drill pipe 5. Meanwhile, when the drill rod 5 is lifted after drilling, the blades 661 on the mud scraper clean the drill rod 5 and the drill bit 51, and after cleaning is finished. The above work flow can be entered again until the operation is finished.
In drilling, the following process may also be followed. Long spiral drilling machine is in place → drilling (according to whether the geological condition is pressurized) is → drilling to the designed depth → hole bottom cleaning → pulling and simultaneously pouring concrete → drilling machine is moved → reinforcing cage is put → vibration → piling is carried out.
The long spiral drilling machine is in place: when the long spiral drilling machine is in place, the long spiral drilling machine must be kept stable and does not incline or displace, and in order to accurately control the drilling depth, a control scale is required to be made on a machine frame or a machine pipe so as to carry out observation and recording in the construction process.
Drilling: the column 3 is straightened, the pile position is aligned (by using the alignment ring), the machine is started to drill and unearth, and the pressurizing system is started according to the geological condition. And stopping drilling after the designed depth is reached.
And (6) cleaning soil at the bottom of the hole. After the hole is drilled to a preset depth, idle rotation soil cleaning is carried out at the bottom of the hole, and then the rotation is stopped; the drill rod 5 is lifted without the drill rod 5 being bent. The soil scattered on the ground during the drilling process must be removed at any time.
Construction in winter and rainy period:
(1) in winter, when the temperature is lower than 0 ℃ and the concrete is poured, heating and heat preservation measures are adopted. And when pouring, the temperature of the concrete is executed according to the specification of the winter implementation scheme. The pile top can not be frozen until the design strength is not 50%. When the temperature is higher than 30 ℃, the concrete is subjected to retardation measures according to specific conditions.
(2) In the rainy period, the regulation of pouring concrete along with drilling is strictly adhered to, so that the phenomenon that holes collapse due to water irrigation after the holes are formed in a rainy day is prevented. Drilling construction cannot be performed in rainy days. On site, various measures for drainage are needed to prevent the ground water from flowing into the groove so as to avoid slope collapse or foundation soil subsidence, inclination of a drilling machine and the like.
Meanwhile, the above embodiments of the present invention are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention, and are only examples of the technical solutions of the present invention, and are not used to limit the technical solutions of the present invention and the protection scope thereof. Modifications of the technical solutions disclosed in the claims and the specification by equivalent technical means, equivalent devices and the like should be considered as not exceeding the scope of the claims and the specification of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. The long spiral drilling machine is characterized by comprising a machine body (1), a power head (4), a mud scraping device, a walking device and a power device, wherein the power head (4) is connected with a drill rod (5) and used for driving the drill rod to rotate around the axis of the power head, one end of the drill rod (5) is provided with a drill bit (51), the long spiral drilling machine further comprises an upright post (3), a protective cylinder (6) is installed on the upright post (3), one side of the protective cylinder (6) is provided with the mud scraping device used for cleaning the drill rod (5) and/or the drill bit (51), the mud scraping device is further provided with a rotating support (64), a blade rotating shaft (66) is installed on the rotating support (64), a blade (661) used for scraping mud is installed on the blade rotating shaft (66), and the blade (661) can rotate around the blade rotating shaft (;
the walking device is provided with a slewing mechanism (7), a slewing bearing (71) and a slewing table (75), the machine body (1) is connected with the slewing table (75) through the slewing bearing (71), and the machine body (1) and the slewing table (75) can rotate under the driving of the slewing mechanism (7);
the device is characterized by further comprising a cross beam (72), wherein an insertion hole (79) is formed in the upper portion of the cross beam (72), a ball head (73) is installed below the cross beam (72), and the rotary table (75) is inserted into the insertion hole (79) in the upper portion of the cross beam (72) and is locked firmly through a pin shaft (74); the ball head (73) positioned below the cross beam (72) is connected with a walking trolley (77) arranged on a walking ship (76);
a walking wheel (771) is arranged on the walking trolley (77), and the walking wheel (771) moves in a walking track (761) arranged on a walking ship (76);
the walking trolley (77) is connected with a cylinder barrel of the walking oil cylinder (70), a piston rod of the walking oil cylinder (70) is connected with a walking ship (76), the walking oil cylinder (70) pushes the walking trolley (77) to drive the rotary table (75) and the machine body (1) to reciprocate in a walking track (761) of the walking ship (76), the walking ship (76) is provided with a walking track (761), a box body (762), a vertical plate (763) and a scraper (764), and the walking trolley (77) is located in a semi-closed cavity formed by the box body (762), the vertical plate (763) and the scraper (764) and used for avoiding soil from entering;
the power device is provided with a pressurizing winch (8), a first pressurizing pulley block (81), a second pressurizing pulley block (82), a third pressurizing pulley block (83) and a fourth pressurizing pulley block (84), the second pressurizing pulley block (82) is movably connected with the machine body (1) through a connecting pin (85), the fourth pressurizing pulley block (84) is fixedly arranged below the power head (4), and a steel wire rope (86) extends out of the pressurizing winch (8) and bypasses the first pressurizing pulley block (81), the second pressurizing pulley block (82), the third pressurizing pulley block (83) and the fourth pressurizing pulley block (84), and then the rope head is fixed on the machine body (1) and is used for pressurizing the power head (4);
the mud scraping device is provided with a connecting seat (61) arranged on the protective cylinder (6), the connecting seat (61) is connected with a support (62), and the support (62) is connected with a rack shaft sleeve (621);
the rotating support (64) is fixedly connected with a rotating support sleeve (641), the rack shaft sleeve (621) and the rotating support sleeve (641) are hinged with each other through a hinge rotating shaft (65), and then the rotating support (64) can rotate around the hinge rotating shaft (65);
the rotating bracket (64) is also hinged with a connecting rod (67), and the blades (661) on the rotating bracket (64) can move by pushing the connecting rod (67), so that the position relation between the blades (661) and the drill rod (5) and/or the drill bit (51) is adjusted; the connecting rod (67) is provided with a plurality of adjusting holes (671), and the adjusting holes (671) on the connecting rod (67) and the locking pins (622) arranged on the bracket (62) are mutually locked, so that the position relation between the blades (661) and the drill rod (5) and/or the drill bit (51) is fixed.
2. The long spiral drilling machine according to claim 1, wherein the body (1) is further connected with a plurality of support legs (11), the support legs (11) are used for supporting the body (1), one end of each support leg (11) is further connected with a chassis (111), a main winch (12) and an auxiliary winch (13) are further installed on the body (1), and the main winch (12) or the auxiliary winch (13) drives a steel cable to pass through a top pulley block (32) so as to lift the drill rod (5).
3. The long auger drilling machine according to claim 2, wherein the body (1) is connected to one end of a diagonal brace (2), the other end of the diagonal brace (2) is connected to a column (3), the column (3) is fixedly mounted on the body (1), and a counterweight (14) and a cab (15) are further mounted on the body (1).
4. The long spiral drilling machine according to claim 2, wherein the upright (3) is provided with a top pulley block (32) for a steel cable group to pass through, one end of the steel cable group is connected with a pressurizing winding device, the other end of the steel cable group is connected with the power head (4), the power head (4) is slidably arranged on a guide rail (31) on the upright (3), the upright (3) is installed on the machine body (1), and the power head (4) is slidably arranged on the upright (3).
CN201610195169.6A 2016-03-30 2016-03-30 Long spiral drilling machine Active CN105804650B (en)

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CN112459707B (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-09-07 大连理工大学 Construction method of drilling device for complex high and steep slope

Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3491838A (en) * 1968-06-21 1970-01-27 Pan American Petroleum Corp Valve for liquid percussion drill
CN2811406Y (en) * 2005-08-15 2006-08-30 王力纬 Walking type rotary drilling machine
CN102322056A (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-01-18 湖南德邦重工机械有限公司 Super-large-torque spiral hole-boring and pile-pouring machine
CN102392606A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-03-28 山河智能装备股份有限公司 Soil cleaning device and drilling machine as well as use method of soil cleaning device
CN202882773U (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-04-17 河南卫华重型机械股份有限公司 Long spiral drilling machine and automatic soil cleaning device thereof
CN103147689A (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-06-12 山东鑫国重机科技有限公司 Multifunctional rotary drilling rig

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3491838A (en) * 1968-06-21 1970-01-27 Pan American Petroleum Corp Valve for liquid percussion drill
CN2811406Y (en) * 2005-08-15 2006-08-30 王力纬 Walking type rotary drilling machine
CN102322056A (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-01-18 湖南德邦重工机械有限公司 Super-large-torque spiral hole-boring and pile-pouring machine
CN102392606A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-03-28 山河智能装备股份有限公司 Soil cleaning device and drilling machine as well as use method of soil cleaning device
CN202882773U (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-04-17 河南卫华重型机械股份有限公司 Long spiral drilling machine and automatic soil cleaning device thereof
CN103147689A (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-06-12 山东鑫国重机科技有限公司 Multifunctional rotary drilling rig

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