CN105800759B - 一种高效去除氨氮和cod的废水处理剂 - Google Patents

一种高效去除氨氮和cod的废水处理剂 Download PDF

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CN105800759B
CN105800759B CN201610371137.7A CN201610371137A CN105800759B CN 105800759 B CN105800759 B CN 105800759B CN 201610371137 A CN201610371137 A CN 201610371137A CN 105800759 B CN105800759 B CN 105800759B
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ammonia nitrogen
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黄帆
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ANQING FENGYUAN CHEMICAL Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5236Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5236Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents
    • C02F1/5245Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents using basic salts, e.g. of aluminium and iron
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/54Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using organic material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/54Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using organic material
    • C02F1/56Macromolecular compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/02Odour removal or prevention of malodour

Abstract

本发明公开了一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配制而成:拉开粉30‑50份、聚环氧琥珀酸4‑6份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5‑7份、苯骈三氮唑0.3‑0.5份、异噻唑啉酮5‑7份、硫酸亚铁10‑15份、硫酸钡1‑3份、硅酸钠6‑10份、活性炭5‑8份、硅藻土5‑8份、竹醋液20‑25份、柠檬酸1‑1.5份、高铁酸钾2‑3份、去离子水50‑70份。本发明的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,具有很强的絮凝功能,可以同时去除废水中的氨氮和COD,而且可以有效除臭脱色,处理后水余浊低,高效、无毒,对设备无腐蚀,制备方法简单。

Description

一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及废水处理技术领域,尤其涉及一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂。
背景技术
[0002] 精细化工行业常产生高浓度氨氮废水,废水中氨氮和COD浓度高,氨氮是引起水体 富营养化的一个重要因素,COD会造成自然水体水质的恶化,破坏水体平衡,导致除微生物 外几乎所有生物的死亡,两者排放量都很大,成分复杂,毒性强,对水环境的危害极大,而且 处理难度都很大。目前还没有处理效果显著的可以同时去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理 剂,具有很强的絮凝功能,可以同时去除废水中的氨氮和C0D,而且可以有效除臭脱色,处理 后水余浊低,高效、无毒,对设备无腐蚀,制备方法简单。
[0004] 为了实现上述目的本发明采用如下技术方案:
[0005] —种高效去除氨氮和⑶D的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配制而成:拉开粉30-50份、聚环氧琥珀酸4-6份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5-7份、苯骈三氮唑0.3-0.5份、异噻唑啉酮5-7份、硫酸亚铁10-15份、硫酸钡1 -3份、硅酸钠6-10份、活性炭5-8份、硅藻土5-8份、竹醋液 20-25份、柠檬酸1-1.5份、高铁酸钾2-3份、去离子水50-70份。
[0006] 优选地,所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配置而成: 拉开粉40份、聚环氧琥珀酸5份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5份、苯骈三氮唑0.5份、异噻唑啉酮6份、 硫酸亚铁13份、硫酸钡2份、硅酸钠7份、活性炭6份、硅藻土 7份、竹醋液22份、柠檬酸1.3份、 高铁酸钾3份、去离子水60份。
[0007] 所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0008] (1)按照上述重量份比例称取各组分,将去离子水加入到搅拌机中;
[0009] (2)将拉开粉、聚环氧琥珀酸、十二烷基苯磺酸钠、苯骈三氮唑、异噻唑啉酮加入搅 拌机内,搅拌20-30分钟;
[0010] (3)将活性炭、硅藻土、竹醋液、柠檬酸加入搅拌机内,控制温度70-75°C,搅拌20-25分钟;
[0011] ⑷将剩下的其他组分加入搅拌机内,控制温度40-50 °C,搅拌10-20分钟;
[0012] (5)搅拌结束后,将处理剂密封包装。
[0013] 与已有技术相比,本发明的有益效果如下:
[0014] 本发明的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,具有很强的絮凝功能,可以同时去除 废水中的氨氮和C0D,而且可以有效除臭脱色,处理后水余浊低,高效、无毒,对设备无腐蚀, 制备方法简单。
具体实施方式
[0015] 下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的描述。
[0016] 实施例1:
[0017] 一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配制而成:拉开粉30 份、聚环氧琥珀酸4份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5份、苯骈三氮唑0.3份、异噻唑啉酮5份、硫酸亚铁 10份、硫酸钡1份、硅酸钠6份、活性炭5份、硅藻土 5份、竹醋液20份、柠檬酸1份、高铁酸钾2 份、去尚子水50份。
[0018] 所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0019] (1)按照上述重量份比例称取各组分,将去离子水加入到搅拌机中;
[0020] (2)将拉开粉、聚环氧琥珀酸、十二烷基苯磺酸钠、苯骈三氮唑、异噻唑啉酮加入搅 拌机内,搅拌20分钟;
[0021] (3)将活性炭、硅藻土、竹醋液、柠檬酸加入搅拌机内,控制温度70°C,搅拌25分钟;
[0022] ⑷将剩下的其他组分加入搅拌机内,控制温度40 °C,搅拌10分钟;
[0023] (5)搅拌结束后,将处理剂密封包装。
[0024] 实施例2:
[0025] 一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配置而成:拉开粉40 份、聚环氧琥珀酸5份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5份、苯骈三氮唑0.5份、异噻唑啉酮6份、硫酸亚铁 13份、硫酸钡2份、硅酸钠7份、活性炭6份、硅藻土 7份、竹醋液22份、柠檬酸1.3份、高铁酸钾3 份、去尚子水60份。
[0026] 所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0027] (1)按照上述重量份比例称取各组分,将去离子水加入到搅拌机中;
[0028] (2)将拉开粉、聚环氧琥珀酸、十二烷基苯磺酸钠、苯骈三氮唑、异噻唑啉酮加入搅 拌机内,搅拌25分钟;
[0029] (3)将活性炭、硅藻土、竹醋液、柠檬酸加入搅拌机内,控制温度72°C,搅拌25分钟;
[0030] ⑷将剩下的其他组分加入搅拌机内,控制温度45 °C,搅拌15分钟;
[0031] (5)搅拌结束后,将处理剂密封包装。
[0032] 实施例3:
[0033] 一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,由下列重量份组分配制而成:拉开粉50 份、聚环氧琥珀酸6份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠7份、苯骈三氮唑0.5份、异噻唑啉酮7份、硫酸亚铁 15份、硫酸钡3份、硅酸钠10份、活性炭8份、硅藻土 8份、竹醋液25份、梓檬酸1.5份、高铁酸钾 3份、去呙子水70份。
[0034] 所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0035] (1)按照上述重量份比例称取各组分,将去离子水加入到搅拌机中;
[0036] (2)将拉开粉、聚环氧琥珀酸、十二烷基苯磺酸钠、苯骈三氮唑、异噻唑啉酮加入搅 拌机内,搅拌30分钟;
[0037] (3)将活性炭、硅藻土、竹醋液、柠檬酸加入搅拌机内,控制温度75°C,搅拌25分钟;
[0038] ⑷将剩下的其他组分加入搅拌机内,控制温度50 °C,搅拌10分钟;
[0039] (5)搅拌结束后,将处理剂密封包装。
[0040] 处理剂效果测定试验:
[0041] 取精细化工废水3000g,分为3份,各位lOOOg,氨氮浓度为300mg/L、C0DGR值为 1500mg/L。按照5wt %的添加量分别添加实施例I、实施例2、实施例3的处理剂30g,加入到废 水中,搅拌均匀,静置5h,离心分离,测定上清液中氨氮值和CODcr值。结果如下表:
Figure CN105800759BD00051
[0043]~从上述可知本发明的精细化工废水处理剂可以显著降低废水中的氨氮浓度和COD 浓度,去除率都达到95%以上。

Claims (3)

1. 一种高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,其特征在于:由下列重量份组分配制而成: 拉开粉30-50份、聚环氧琥珀酸4-6份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5-7份、苯骈三氮唑0.3-0.5份、异 噻唑啉酮5-7份、硫酸亚铁10-15份、硫酸钡1-3份、硅酸钠6-10份、活性炭5-8份、硅藻土 5-8 份、竹醋液20-25份、柠檬酸1-1.5份、高铁酸钾2-3份、去离子水50-70份。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂,其特征在于:由下列重量 份组分配置而成:拉开粉40份、聚环氧琥珀酸5份、十二烷基苯磺酸钠5份、苯骈三氮唑0.5 份、异噻唑啉酮6份、硫酸亚铁i 3份、硫酸钡2份、硅酸钠7份、活性炭6份、硅藻土7份、竹醋液 22份、柠檬酸1.3份、高铁酸钾3份、去离子水60份。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的高效去除氨氮和COD的废水处理剂的制备方法,其特征在于: 包括以下步骤: (1) 按照上述重量份比例称取各组分,将去离子水加入到搅拌机中; (2) 将拉开粉、聚环氧琥珀酸、十二烷基苯磺酸钠、苯骈三氮唑、异噻唑啉酮加入搅拌机 内,搅拌20-30分钟; ⑶将活性炭、娃藻土、竹醋液、柠檬酸加人搅拌机内,控制温度70_75°C,搅拌20-25分 钟; ⑷将剩下的其他组分加入搅拌机内,控制温度40-50°C,搅拌10-20分钟; ⑸搅拌结束后,将处理剂密封包装。
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