CN105728091B - The jaw crusher of built-in driving - Google Patents

The jaw crusher of built-in driving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105728091B
CN105728091B CN201610301388.8A CN201610301388A CN105728091B CN 105728091 B CN105728091 B CN 105728091B CN 201610301388 A CN201610301388 A CN 201610301388A CN 105728091 B CN105728091 B CN 105728091B
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China
Prior art keywords
jaw
component
quiet
dynamic
frame
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CN201610301388.8A
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CN105728091A (en
Inventor
李绪伦
皮佐武
张羽林
李言
敖林
王祯礼
李绪方
叶剑
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GUIZHOU WANHENG TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU WANHENG TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610301388.8A priority Critical patent/CN105728091B/en
Publication of CN105728091A publication Critical patent/CN105728091A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2017/083503 priority patent/WO2017193895A1/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • B02C1/04Jaw crushers or pulverisers with single-acting jaws

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of jaw crusher of built-in driving, belong to mining pulverizer field.The disintegrating machine includes frame, drive component, quiet jaw component, dynamic jaw component, hydraulic regulation component and the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw;Dynamic jaw component and quiet jaw component are installed in frame, move jaw component and quiet jaw component forms the crusher chamber that bottom is provided with discharge gate;Drive component is arranged on the top of frame, and the dynamic jaw component of drive component driving is swung;The output end of hydraulic regulation component is connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw, and the quiet adjustable bracket of jaw and quiet jaw component are connected to drive the relative gantry motion of quiet jaw component to change the discharge gate size of crusher chamber.The hydraulic regulation component of the present invention makes the relatively dynamic jaw component movement in the bottom of quiet jaw component, reaches the purpose of the discharge gate size of adjustment crusher chamber;With easily operated, operating efficiency height, and the advantages of reduction labor intensity;Transmission synergy adjusting part adjusts belt tension to increase transmission efficiency.

Description

The jaw crusher of built-in driving
Technical field
The present invention relates to winning equipment field, more particularly to a kind of jaw crusher of built-in driving.
Background technology
The stope material in scale mine is maximum, most economical, the environmentally friendly side of efficiency highest, production capacity using belt feeder conveying Case, but Belt Conveying is not suitable for the material of transport bulk.And the stope that Coal Mines use crushes scheme, there is break process not Spoil or other miscellaneous stones of high rigidity bulk, serious damage is caused to belt conveyor system, makes the efficiency of belt conveyor system It is low, fault rate is high, maintenance cost is high, input-output ratio is small.
The volume of material is excessive to have a strong impact on belt system ability, efficiency, cost, the serious production energy that govern underground Power, to meet that production capacity demand has to increase or using Automobile Transportation, so as to cause the environment in downhole production place because big The motor vehicle exhaust emission of amount becomes severe.
To solve the above problems, the material of bulk can be crushed using jaw crusher.Jaw crusher jaw is broken Broken machine (also known as tiger mouth) has the characteristics that simple in construction, reliable operation, maintenance is easy, running cost is economical.It is widely used in Numerous industries such as mine, smelting, building materials, highway, railway, water conservancy and chemical industry, crush various materials.
And jaw crusher volume of the prior art is larger, be not suitable in the application of the stope of place relatively narrower.On the other hand, Applicant have developed arm and move the short disintegrating machine of jaw, and apply for that (patent name is that " it is short broken that arm moves jaw to utility model patent Broken machine ";Application No. " CN201320172771.X ";The applying date is " 2013.04.09 ").
Refering to Fig. 1, in the utility model, arm moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw, including frame, drive division, adjustment portion, driving Portion is made up of the ' of motor 1, the ' of belt 2, the ' of belt pulley 3, the ' of eccentric shaft 4;The ' of belt pulley 3 connects as one with the ' of eccentric shaft 4, the ' of eccentric shaft 4 It is hinged with the ' of frame 5 by rolling bearing, the ' of eccentric shaft 4 eccentric part and the ' of jaw arm plate 6 is hinged by rolling bearing; The ' of jaw arm plate 6, the dynamic ' of gnathosoma 9, dynamic gnathosoma support 10 ' to be linked in sequence and form dynamic jaw portion and support the 10 ' and ' of frame 5 by dynamic gnathosoma Connection;The quiet ' of gnathosoma 8 supports 7 ' to be connected to form quiet jaw portion with the ' of frame 5 by quiet gnathosoma;The dynamic ' of gnathosoma 9, the ' of jaw arm plate 6 and quiet gnathosoma 8 ' form crusher chamber;Adjustment portion is made up of the quiet ' of jaw withstanding tight block 11, the quiet ' of jaw pull bar 12, the quiet ' of jaw pull bar location division 13, adjustment portion and The ' connections of frame 5.
Arm provided by the utility model moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw, due to structure optimization it is achieved thereby that appearance and size is short The advantages of with reduction ratio, low energy consumption is improved, it can be installed in limited space especially mine down-hole, its small investment, maintenance It is convenient, it is energy-efficient, it is easy to use.
But confirm that the arm moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw and still suffers from the defects of more serious through practicality after a while:
1, although being provided with adjustment portion, the size of the discharge gate of crusher chamber bottom can be adjusted;But adjustment is to pass through hand Dynamic realization, not only operating efficiency is low, moreover, labor intensity is big;
2, motor be with main frame split installation on the ground, the driving-chain between motor and dynamic jaw portion it is longer, it is necessary to Installing space is big, and not only transmission efficiency is low, and easily loosens, and belt is not easy to be tensioned;
3, it can not quickly adjust the elasticated of driving belt, on the one hand, the transmission demand of different material can not be adapted to, it is another Aspect, when relaxation occurs for belt, adjustment labor intensity is big, takes more.
In summary, lack in the prior art it is a kind of can by the discharge gate size of machinery adjustment crusher chamber bottom, and And the jaw crusher of transmission efficiency.
The content of the invention
It can pass through the discharge gate size of machinery adjustment crusher chamber bottom, Er Qiechuan it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of The high jaw crusher of efficiency of movement.
The present invention provides a kind of jaw crusher of built-in driving, including:
Frame, drive component, quiet jaw component, dynamic jaw component, hydraulic regulation component and the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw;
The dynamic jaw component and quiet jaw component are installed in frame, and the dynamic jaw component and quiet jaw component form bottom and set There is the crusher chamber of discharge gate;
The drive component is arranged on the top of frame, and the drive component is connected with dynamic jaw Component driver so that dynamic jaw group The relatively quiet jaw component of part is swung;
The output end of the hydraulic regulation component is connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw, the quiet adjustable bracket of jaw and quiet jaw component Connect to drive quiet jaw component with respect to gantry motion to change the discharge gate size of crusher chamber.
Further, the drive component includes motor, drive pulley, driving belt, driven pulley and bias Axle;
The motor is arranged on the top of frame, and the motor is fixedly connected with drive pulley, and drive pulley passes through Driving belt and driven pulley drive connection, the driven pulley connect as one with eccentric shaft, and the eccentric shaft is with moving Jaw Component driver connects;
The jaw crusher also includes transmission synergy adjusting part, and described transmission synergy adjusting part one end is fixed with frame Connection, the other end are against on driving belt.
Further, the motor is fixed in frame using motor support frame, and the motor support frame is provided with parallel Twice mounting hole;
The transmission synergy adjusting part includes runner and runner support, and the bottom of the runner support passes through fixed spiral shell Bolt is fixed on twice mounting hole, and the runner is fixed on runner support using a rotating shaft.
Further, the dynamic jaw component includes dynamic gnathosoma, two jaw arm plates, dynamic jaw bracket, dynamic jaw cylinder and at least Two tension parts;
The dynamic gnathosoma is connected by jaw arm plate with dynamic jaw cylinder, the eccentric shaft and dynamic jaw cylinder drive connection;It is described The middle part of dynamic gnathosoma is supported by least one dynamic jaw bracket, and one end of the dynamic jaw bracket is hinged with frame, the other end and dynamic jaw Body is hinged;One end of the dynamic gnathosoma of jaw arm plate connection is hinged with tension part, and the tension part is hinged with frame.
Further, the tension part includes upper adjusting yoke, compression adjustment buffer stopper and lower adjusting yoke;The jaw One end of the dynamic gnathosoma of arm plate connection is hinged with upper adjusting yoke, and the lower adjusting yoke is hinged with frame, the upper adjusting yoke Connected with lower adjusting yoke by compressing adjustment buffer stopper.
Further, the frame include frame include bottom plate, left plate, right plate, front vertical plate, front support component, after Riser and rear support component;The front vertical plate and front support component are fixed on the front end of left plate and right plate, vertical after described Plate, rear support component are fixed on the rear end of left plate and right plate;
The front support modular support moves jaw bracket, the quiet jaw of rear support modular support is adjustable bracket and hydraulic regulation component; Front vertical plate connects left plate and right plate with back vertical plate;
The front vertical plate and back vertical plate are mounted on fixed ear.
Further, the quiet jaw component includes quiet gnathosoma, quiet jaw hanging scroll and prefastening force pressure deflection device;It is described The top of quiet gnathosoma is hinged by quiet jaw hanging scroll with frame, and the bottom of the quiet gnathosoma is on the one hand by forcing deflection device and machine Frame connects, and is on the other hand connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw.
Further, the prefastening force forces deflection device to include prefastening force spring, seat cylinder, tense wire rope and pre- Clamp force adjusting rod;
The seat cylinder is arranged in frame, and the pretension draft control lever is fixed in present cylinder using helicitic texture, described pre- The top of clamp force adjusting rod is provided with spring bearer plate;The bottom of the prefastening force spring is against the bottom surface of seat cylinder, and top is against spring On pressing plate;One end of the tense wire rope is fixedly connected with the bottom of pretension draft control lever, the bottom of the other end and quiet gnathosoma Connection.
Further, the upper surface of the dynamic gnathosoma is provided with the jaw tooth plate for meeting big charging aperture needs inclination angle.
Further, the hydraulic regulation component includes:
Drive cylinder, drive cylinder deboost seat, supports block is oriented to, is moved horizontally and is carved oblique push block, vertically moves to carve and tiltedly support Block and casing supporter;
The casing supporter is fixed in frame;One end of the drive cylinder is fixed on the driving oil being connected with frame Cylinder deboost seat, the other end are carved oblique push block and are connected with moving horizontally;Described move horizontally is carved oblique push block and vertically moving and carved tiltedly Supports block contacts;Described vertically move is carved oblique supports block and is connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw;The guiding supports block is fixed on quiet gnathosoma bottom Casing supporter on.
Compared to prior art, the present invention provides the jaw crusher of built-in driving, has the following advantages that:
1, drive component is arranged on the top of frame, shortens the distance between dynamic jaw component, and increase transmission synergy Adjusting means, reduce the length of driving-chain, it is not easy to the relaxation of driving-chain occurs, to a certain extent, not only increases biography Efficiency of movement, equipment reliability of operation is improved, extend the service life of equipment, more saved very big installing space;
2, provided with hydraulic regulation component, and quiet jaw component is flexibly connected with frame, passes through hydraulic regulation component Output end drives the quiet adjustable bracket of jaw, and the quiet adjustable bracket of jaw drives quiet jaw component again, makes the relatively dynamic jaw group in bottom of quiet jaw component Part moves, and reaches the purpose of the discharge gate size of adjustment crusher chamber;Mode with manually adjusting discharge gate size in conventional art Compare, it is this by way of hydraulic machinery regulation, the advantages of there is easily operated, operating efficiency height, and reduce labor intensity.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art The required accompanying drawing used is briefly described in embodiment or description of the prior art, it should be apparent that, in describing below Accompanying drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before creative work is not paid Put, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart that arm of the prior art moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw;
Fig. 2 is that arm provided by the invention moves the three-dimensional structure diagram of the short disintegrating machine of jaw in a first direction;
Fig. 3 is that arm provided by the invention moves the three-dimensional structure diagram of the short disintegrating machine of jaw in a second direction;
Fig. 4 is partial enlarged drawings of the Fig. 2 at B;
Fig. 5 is the left view of the jaw crusher of built-in driving provided by the invention;
Fig. 6 is the front view of the jaw crusher of built-in driving provided by the invention;
Fig. 7 is profiles of the Fig. 6 on A-A directions;
Fig. 8 is profiles of the Fig. 6 on another section;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the hydraulic regulation component of the present invention.
Reference:
1 '-motor;2 '-belt;3 '-belt pulley;
4 '-eccentric shaft;5 '-frame;6 '-jaw arm plate;
7 '-quiet gnathosoma support;8 '-quiet gnathosoma;9 '-dynamic gnathosoma;
10 '-dynamic gnathosoma support;11 '-quiet jaw withstanding tight block;12 '-quiet jaw pull bar;
13 '-quiet jaw pull bar determines portion;
1- frames;2- drive components;The quiet jaw components of 3-;
4- moves jaw component;5- hydraulic regulation components;The quiet jaws of 6- are adjustable bracket;
7- is driven synergy adjusting part;8- fixed ears;
11- bottom plates;12- left plates;13- front vertical plates;
14- eccentric shaft supporting bearing bases;The quiet jaw suspension strut seats of 15-;16- front support components;
17- rear support components;21- motors;22- drive pulleys;
23- driving belts;24- driven pulleies;25- eccentric shafts;
26- motor support frames;The quiet gnathosomas of 31-;The quiet jaw hanging scrolls of 33-;
32- prefastening forces force deflection device;41- jaw arm plates;
42- moves jaw bracket;43- tension parts;44- moves gnathosoma;
45- moves jaw cylinder;51- drive cylinders;52- casing supporters;
53- drive cylinder deboost seats;54- is oriented to supports block;
55-, which is moved horizontally, carves oblique push block;56-, which is vertically moved, carves oblique push block;71- runners;
72- runner supports;73- bolts;74- mounting holes;
321- prefastening force springs;322- seat cylinders;323- tense wire ropes;
324- pretension draft control levers;The upper adjusting yokes of 431-;Adjusting yoke under 433-;
432- compression adjustment buffer stoppers.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described implementation Example is part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " " center ", " on ", " under ", "left", "right", " vertical ", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outer " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to Be easy to the description present invention and simplify description, rather than instruction or imply signified device or element must have specific orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to illustrate, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;Can To be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, Ke Yishi The connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, with concrete condition above-mentioned term can be understood at this Concrete meaning in invention.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart that arm of the prior art moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw;Fig. 2 is that arm provided by the invention moves jaw The three-dimensional structure diagram of short disintegrating machine in a first direction;Fig. 3 is that arm provided by the invention moves the short disintegrating machine of jaw second Three-dimensional structure diagram on direction;Fig. 4 is partial enlarged drawings of the Fig. 2 at B;Fig. 5 is the jaw of built-in driving provided by the invention The left view of disintegrating machine;Fig. 6 is the front view of the jaw crusher of built-in driving provided by the invention;Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 in A-A side Upward profile;Fig. 8 is profiles of the Fig. 6 on another section;Fig. 9 is that the structure of the hydraulic regulation component of the present invention is shown It is intended to.
As illustrated in figs. 2 through 8, the present invention provides a kind of jaw crusher of built-in driving, including:
Frame 1, drive component 2, quiet jaw component 3, dynamic jaw component 4, hydraulic regulation component 5 and the adjustable bracket 6 of quiet jaw;
Dynamic jaw component 4 and quiet jaw component 3 are installed in frame 1, and dynamic jaw component 4 and quiet jaw component 3 form bottom and be provided with The crusher chamber of discharge gate;
Drive component 2 is arranged on the top of frame 1, and drive component 2 is with the dynamic drive connection of jaw component 4 so that dynamic jaw component 4 Relatively quiet jaw component 3 moves;It is that increase sets transmission synergy adjusting part 7 in drive component;
The output end of hydraulic regulation component 5 is adjustable with quiet jaw, and bracket 6 is connected, and the quiet adjustable bracket 6 of jaw is connected with quiet jaw component 3 To drive quiet jaw component 3 to be moved with respect to frame 1 to change the discharge gate size of crusher chamber.
Compared to prior art, the present invention provides a kind of jaw crusher of built-in driving, has the following advantages that:
1, drive component 2 is arranged on the top of frame 1, shortens the distance between dynamic jaw component 4, reduces driving-chain Length, and add transmission synergy adjusting part, not only increase transmission efficiency, it is not easy to the relaxation of driving-chain occurs, To a certain extent, equipment reliability of operation is improved, and extends the service life of equipment, more saves installing space.
2, provided with hydraulic regulation component 5, and quiet jaw component 3 is flexibly connected with frame 1, passes through hydraulic regulation component 5 output end drives the quiet adjustable bracket 6 of jaw, and the quiet adjustable bracket 6 of jaw drives quiet jaw component 3, makes the bottom of quiet jaw component 3 relative again Dynamic jaw component 4 moves, and reaches the purpose of the discharge gate size of adjustment crusher chamber;With manually adjusting discharge gate size in conventional art Mode compare, it is this by way of hydraulic machinery regulation, have easily operated, operating efficiency is high, and reduces labor intensity The advantages of.
In the present embodiment, drive component 2 includes motor 21, drive pulley 22, driving belt 23, driven pulley 24 And eccentric shaft 25;
Motor 21 is arranged on the top of frame, and the motor 21 is fixedly connected with drive pulley 22, drive pulley 22 By driving belt 23 and the drive connection of driven pulley 24, the driven pulley 24 connects as one with eccentric shaft 25, institute Eccentric shaft 25 is stated to be connected with dynamic jaw Component driver;
The jaw crusher also includes transmission synergy adjusting part, and transmission synergy adjusting part one end is fixed with frame to be connected Connect, the other end is against on driving belt 23.
The action process of drive component 2 is as follows:
Motor 21 rotates, and drive pulley 22 drives driven pulley 24 to rotate by driving belt 23, driven pulley 24 driving eccentric shafts 25 together rotate, and eccentric shaft 25 drives the relatively quiet jaw component 3 of dynamic jaw component 4 to do the motion of comminuting matter again.
The jaw crusher also includes transmission synergy adjusting part 7, and the one end of transmission synergy adjusting part 7 is fixed with frame 1 Connection, the other end are against on driving belt 23.
Transmission synergy adjusting part 7 can not only adjust the elasticated of driving belt 23, to tackle different material transferrings Demand, additionally it is possible to after use for a long time causes belt slack, be adjusted in time, ensure the reliability of transmission.
Specifically, motor 21 is fixed in frame 1 using motor support frame 26, and motor support frame 26 is provided with parallel Twice mounting hole 74;
Refering to Fig. 4, transmission synergy adjusting part 7 includes runner 71 and runner support 72, and the bottom of runner support 72 leads to Cross fixing bolt 73 to be fixed on twice mounting hole 74, runner 71 is fixed on runner support 72 using a rotating shaft.
When driving belt 23 is excessively loose, 73 are loosered a bolt, by runner support 72 along mounting hole 74 to downslide, make runner 71 Belt is gradually compressed, until the elasticity of belt is suitable, bolt 73, which is tightened, makes runner support 72 be fixed on mounting hole 74;When During 23 tension of driving belt, 73 are loosered a bolt, runner support 72 is slid up along mounting hole 74, make the gradually release pair of runner 71 The pressure of belt, until the elasticity of belt is suitable, bolt 73, which is tightened, makes runner support 72 be fixed on mounting hole 74.
Certainly, this is only a specific embodiment of the invention, the concrete structure of transmission synergy adjusting part 7 of the invention It is not limited thereto, or other structures, as long as the elasticity of belt can easily be adjusted.
Refering to Fig. 2 and Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, moving jaw component 4 includes 44, two jaw arm plates 41 of dynamic gnathosoma, dynamic jaw bracket 42nd, jaw cylinder 45 and at least two tension parts 43 are moved;
Dynamic gnathosoma 44 is connected by jaw arm plate 41 with dynamic jaw cylinder 45, eccentric shaft 25 and the dynamic drive connection of jaw cylinder 45;It is dynamic The middle part of gnathosoma 44 is supported by least one dynamic jaw bracket 42, and the one end and frame 1 for moving jaw bracket 42 are hinged, the other end and dynamic jaw Body 44 is be hinged;One end that jaw arm plate 41 is connected with dynamic gnathosoma 44 is be hinged with tension part 43, and tension part 43 is be hinged with frame 1.
The upper surface of dynamic gnathosoma 44 is provided with the jaw tooth plate for meeting big charging aperture needs inclination angle, is not more than with horizontal sextant angle 40 °, to improve the charging aperture width of crusher chamber.
The dynamic jaw component 4 of gross weight 70% is accounted for, is supported on through dynamic jaw bracket 42 in frame 1, when disintegrating machine works, motor 21 After driving belt pulley is rotated up to rated speed, the torque of motor 21 need to only drive the continuous swing of the dynamic horizontal direction of gnathosoma 44, nothing Work(consumption is low, reaches 20-30% compared with conventional breakers energy-conservation;The dynamic jaw cylinder 45 of the driving of eccentric shaft 25, and then drive dynamic gnathosoma 44 past Kinetic energy caused by multiple motional inertia can meet or the energy more than broken material needs.
Refering to Fig. 3, specifically, tension part 43 includes upper adjusting yoke 431, compression adjustment buffer stopper 432 and lowered Save pull bar 433;One end that jaw arm plate 41 is connected with dynamic gnathosoma 44 is be hinged with upper adjusting yoke 431, lower adjusting yoke 433 and frame 1 is be hinged, and upper adjusting yoke 431 and lower adjusting yoke 433 are connected by compressing adjustment buffer stopper 432.
Compression adjustment buffer stopper 432 allows adjusting yoke 431 and lower adjusting yoke 433 within the specific limits, relatively Motion, reaches good cushioning effect.
Refering to Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, quiet jaw component 3, which includes quiet gnathosoma 31, quiet jaw hanging scroll 33 and prefastening force, to be forced Deflection device 32;The top of quiet gnathosoma 31 is be hinged by quiet jaw hanging scroll 33 and frame 1, and the bottom of quiet gnathosoma 31 is on the one hand by strong Deflection device processed is connected with frame 1, and on the other hand bracket 6 adjustable with quiet jaw is connected.
Quiet gnathosoma 31 is issued to balance in the collective effect that prefastening force pressure deflection device 32 and drive cylinder 51 reach, in advance Straining at power forces deflection device 32 to play position-limiting action, then the position of quiet gnathosoma 31 is adjusted by drive cylinder 51, and then adjusts broken The size of broken bottom of chamber portion discharge gate.
Away from dynamic jaw cylinder 45, dynamic gnathosoma 44 and dynamic jaw cylinder 45 are connected with each other dynamic gnathosoma 44 by jaw arm plate 41, move jaw Body 44 and quiet gnathosoma 31 are connected with each other by two pieces of external plates, realize that dynamic gnathosoma 44 and crusher chamber are external, the structure has following excellent Point:
1, the weight main support of jaw component 4 is moved in frame 1, and motor 21 drives eccentric shaft 25 to rotate and drive gnathosoma 44 Load reduces when making crushing function motion, realizes energy-conservation;
2, dynamic jaw cylinder 45 moves in a circle, and is transmitted to dynamic gnathosoma 44 by jaw arm plate 41, moves the movement locus of gnathosoma 44 just Power is resolved into the horizontally attrition crushing of major axis and the friction crushing motion of vertical direction short axle, realizes the low of jaw tooth plate Loss;
3, crusher chamber is external, under conditions of crushing function movement locus needs are met, can realize dynamic gnathosoma 44 and jaw tooth The big inclination of plate, crusher chamber feeding mouth size and the ratio of nesting population size is set to reach maximum, so as to realize maximum reduction ratio;
4, crusher chamber is external, under conditions of crushing function movement locus needs are met, can realize dynamic gnathosoma 44 and jaw tooth The maximum inclination of plate, the most short of disintegrating machine whole height can be realized.
Refering to Fig. 8, specifically, prefastening force forces deflection device 32 to include prefastening force spring 321, seat cylinder 322, tense Steel wire rope 323 and pretension draft control lever 324;
Seat cylinder 322 is arranged in frame 1, and pretension draft control lever 324 is fixed in present cylinder 322 using helicitic texture, pretension The top of draft control lever 324 is provided with spring bearer plate;The bottom of prefastening force spring 321 is against the bottom surface of seat cylinder 322, and top is against bullet On spring pressing plate;One end of tense wire rope 323 is fixedly connected with the bottom of pretension draft control lever 324, the other end and quiet gnathosoma 31 Bottom connection.
When rotation pretension draft control lever 324 moves its in the vertical direction, spring bearer plate can compress or loosen pre- Clamp force spring 321, and then adjust pulling force of the tense wire rope 323 to quiet gnathosoma 31;To the spacing more stable of quiet gnathosoma 31, tool There is easily operated realization, the advantages of labor intensity is low.
Refering to Fig. 5, Fig. 7 and Fig. 9, in the present embodiment, it is anti-that hydraulic regulation component 5 includes drive cylinder 51, drive cylinder To thrust bearing 53, supports block 54 is oriented to, moves horizontally and carve oblique push block 55, vertically move and carve oblique supports block 56 and casing supporter 52;
Casing supporter 52 is fixed in frame to support drive cylinder 51, guiding supports block 54, move horizontally and carve oblique push block 55 and vertically move and carve oblique supports block 56;
One end of drive cylinder 51 is fixed on the drive cylinder deboost seat 53 being connected with frame, the output shaft of the other end Carve oblique push block 55 with moving horizontally and be connected;Move horizontally and carve oblique push block 55 and carve oblique supports block 56 with vertically moving and contact;Vertically move Oblique supports block 56 bracket 6 adjustable with quiet jaw is carved to be connected;Supports block 54 is oriented to be fixed on the casing supporter 52 of quiet gnathosoma bottom.
The support drive cylinder 51 and all wedges and spacing that casing supporter 52 can be stablized, are avoided in drive cylinder 51 it is flexible push during, drive cylinder 51, move horizontally to carve oblique push block 55 and vertically move and carve oblique supports block 56 because of stress It is excessive and occur to loosen or come off, it can ensure that the position relationship of each part is stable.
Drive cylinder, which makes to move horizontally, carves oblique push block 55 and moves horizontally, and moves horizontally to carve oblique push block 55 and promote to vertically move and carves Oblique supports block 56, promote quiet jaw bracket to support sound gnathosoma and swing adjustment crusher chamber discharge gate size around hanging scroll.
It is easy to adjust discharge gate size, when quiet gnathosoma 31 bears broken extruding, quiet jaw is adjustable bracket and carves and tiltedly pushes block and hold The reverse push of load is very big.
Refering to Fig. 2, frame 1 includes bottom plate 11, left plate 12, right plate, front vertical plate 13, front support component 16, back vertical plate And rear support component 17;Front vertical plate 13 and front support component 16 are fixed on the front end of left plate 12 and right plate, back vertical plate, after Support component 17 is fixed on the rear end of left plate 12 and right plate;
16 racking jaw brackets 42 of front support component, rear support component 17 support the adjustable bracket 6 of quiet jaw and hydraulic regulation group Part 5;Front vertical plate 13 connects left plate 12 and right plate with back vertical plate.
Above-mentioned frame 1 can be reliable and stable install eccentric shafts 25, jaw arm plate, the dynamic jaw component such as dynamic gnathosoma;Tension part is pacified The outside of left plate 12, right plate mounted in frame;Particular, it is important that extruding, friction of the tension part 43 to moving gnathosoma 44 are broken Limitation bounce is played a part of in broken motion.
Frame 1 also includes eccentric shaft supporting bearing base 14 and quiet jaw suspension strut seat 15.
Front vertical plate 13 and back vertical plate are mounted on fixed ear 8.
The quality of jaw crusher is larger, and carrying is relatively difficult, especially in the narrow mining field areas in region, often needs To be completed by crane gear, after fixed ear 8, facility can be provided for the transhipment of jaw crusher.
Moreover, fixed ear 8 is dismountable with frame 1, after carrying, fixed ear 8 can be pulled down, to avoid fixed ear 8 The installation of jaw crusher is hindered, while fixed ear 8 can be avoided to scratch body or scratch clothes.
The jaw crusher of built-in driving provided by the invention, its operation principle are:
The output shaft of motor 21 driving drive pulley 22 rotates, and drive pulley 22 drives driven skin by driving belt 23 Belt wheel 24 rotates, and what driven pulley 24 was integrated with eccentric shaft 25, therefore eccentric shaft 25 can be with driven pulley 24 Motion;And the dynamic jaw cylinder 45 of the driving of eccentric shaft 25 walks around to revolution motion, dynamic jaw cylinder 45 drives jaw arm plate 41 to move, jaw arm plate 41 drive dynamic gnathosoma 44 to move again, specifically, move gnathosoma 44 under the support of dynamic jaw bracket 42, relatively quiet gnathosoma 31 does ellipse Shape is moved, and then the motion of comminuting matter is done with quiet gnathosoma 31.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those within the art that:Its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, either which part or all technical characteristic are entered Row equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. jaw crusher of built-in driving, it is characterised in that including:
    Frame, drive component, quiet jaw component, dynamic jaw component, hydraulic regulation component and the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw;
    The dynamic jaw component and quiet jaw component are installed in frame, and the dynamic jaw component and quiet jaw component form bottom and be provided with row The crusher chamber of material mouth;
    The drive component is arranged on the top of frame, and the drive component is connected with dynamic jaw Component driver so that dynamic jaw component phase To quiet jaw component movement;
    The output end of the hydraulic regulation component is connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw, and the quiet adjustable bracket of jaw is connected with quiet jaw component To drive quiet jaw component to be swung with respect to frame to change the discharge gate size of crusher chamber;
    The drive component includes:
    Motor, drive pulley, driving belt, driven pulley and eccentric shaft;
    The motor is arranged on the top of frame, and the motor is fixedly connected with drive pulley, and drive pulley passes through transmission Belt and driven pulley drive connection, the driven pulley connect as one with eccentric shaft, the eccentric shaft and dynamic jaw group Part drive connection;
    The jaw crusher also includes transmission synergy adjusting part, and described transmission synergy adjusting part one end is fixed with frame to be connected Connect, the other end is against on driving belt;
    The dynamic jaw component includes dynamic gnathosoma, two jaw arm plates, dynamic jaw bracket, dynamic jaw cylinder and at least two tension parts;
    The dynamic gnathosoma is connected by jaw arm plate with dynamic jaw cylinder, the eccentric shaft and dynamic jaw cylinder drive connection;The dynamic jaw The middle part of body is supported by least one dynamic jaw bracket, and one end of the dynamic jaw bracket is hinged with frame, and the other end is cut with scissors with dynamic gnathosoma Connect;One end of the dynamic gnathosoma of jaw arm plate connection is hinged with tension part, and the tension part is hinged with frame.
  2. 2. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the motor utilizes motor support Frame is fixed in frame, and the motor support frame is provided with parallel twice mounting hole;
    The transmission synergy adjusting part includes runner and runner support, and the bottom of the runner support is consolidated by fixing bolt It is scheduled on twice mounting hole, the runner is fixed on runner support using a rotating shaft.
  3. 3. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the tension part includes upper regulation Pull bar, compression adjustment buffer stopper and lower adjusting yoke;One end of the dynamic gnathosoma of jaw arm plate connection is hinged with upper adjusting yoke, The lower adjusting yoke is hinged with frame, and the upper adjusting yoke is connected with lower adjusting yoke by compressing adjustment buffer stopper.
  4. 4. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the frame includes bottom plate, a left side Side plate, right plate, front vertical plate, front support component, back vertical plate and rear support component;The front vertical plate and front support component are fixed In the front end of left plate and right plate, the back vertical plate, rear support component are fixed on the rear end of left plate and right plate;
    The front support modular support moves jaw bracket, the quiet jaw of rear support modular support is adjustable bracket and hydraulic regulation component;It is described Front vertical plate connects left plate and right plate with back vertical plate;
    The front vertical plate and back vertical plate are mounted on fixed ear.
  5. 5. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the quiet jaw component includes quiet jaw Body, quiet jaw hanging scroll and prefastening force force deflection device;The top of the quiet gnathosoma is hinged by quiet jaw hanging scroll with frame, institute State quiet gnathosoma bottom on the one hand by prefastening force force deflection device be connected with frame, on the other hand with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw Connection.
  6. 6. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the prefastening force forces beat Device includes prefastening force spring, seat cylinder, tense wire rope and pretension draft control lever;
    The seat cylinder is arranged in frame, and the pretension draft control lever is fixed in present cylinder using helicitic texture, the pretightning force The top of adjusting rod is provided with spring bearer plate;The bottom of the prefastening force spring is against the bottom surface of seat cylinder, and top is against spring bearer plate On;One end of the tense wire rope is fixedly connected with the bottom of pretension draft control lever, and the other end is connected with the bottom of quiet gnathosoma.
  7. 7. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on the upper surface of the dynamic gnathosoma Provided with the jaw tooth plate with horizontal sextant angle≤40 °.
  8. 8. the jaw crusher of built-in driving according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the hydraulic regulation component bag Include:
    Drive cylinder, drive cylinder deboost seat, be oriented to supports block, move horizontally carve oblique push block, vertically move carve oblique supports block with And casing supporter;
    The casing supporter is fixed in frame;It is anti-that one end of the drive cylinder is fixed on the drive cylinder being connected with frame To on thrust bearing, the other end is carved oblique push block and is connected with moving horizontally;Described move horizontally is carved oblique push block and tiltedly supported with vertically moving to carve Block contact of incline plane;Described vertically move is carved oblique supports block and is connected with the adjustable bracket of quiet jaw;The guiding supports block is fixed under quiet gnathosoma On the casing supporter in portion.
CN201610301388.8A 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 The jaw crusher of built-in driving Active CN105728091B (en)

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CN201610301388.8A CN105728091B (en) 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 The jaw crusher of built-in driving
PCT/CN2017/083503 WO2017193895A1 (en) 2016-05-09 2017-05-08 Internally driven jaw crusher and material crushing method

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CN201610301388.8A CN105728091B (en) 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 The jaw crusher of built-in driving

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CN106111240B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-08-14 贵州万恒科技发展有限公司 Underground stope is crushed trolley
CN107774367A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-09 贵州铁鳄矿山装备制造有限公司 Discharge hole of crusher adjusting means
CN111257034B (en) * 2020-04-10 2024-05-03 安阳市鑫达自控科技有限公司 Door type automobile sampling machine
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CN112844755B (en) * 2021-01-20 2022-11-08 江苏美昂建设工程有限公司 Broken all-in-one is washd with stone to building
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