CN105696706A - Plugging type combined house - Google Patents

Plugging type combined house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105696706A
CN105696706A CN201610078775.XA CN201610078775A CN105696706A CN 105696706 A CN105696706 A CN 105696706A CN 201610078775 A CN201610078775 A CN 201610078775A CN 105696706 A CN105696706 A CN 105696706A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wallboard
steel
house
plug
hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610078775.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105696706B (en
Inventor
侯建群
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中清大科技股份有限公司
侯建群
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Application filed by 中清大科技股份有限公司, 侯建群 filed Critical 中清大科技股份有限公司
Priority to CN201610078775.XA priority Critical patent/CN105696706B/en
Publication of CN105696706A publication Critical patent/CN105696706A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2016/099615 external-priority patent/WO2017133257A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105696706B publication Critical patent/CN105696706B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • E04B1/34321Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts mainly constituted by panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/02Dwelling houses; Buildings for temporary habitation, e.g. summer houses

Abstract

The invention provides a plugging type combined house. The plugging type combined house comprises a foundation, wallboards, a truss, a roof panel, connecting ribs and supporting components. The plugging type combined house is characterized in that a house wall is formed by splicing the multiple wallboards, the wallboards are inserted in grooves of the foundation in a connected manner one by one, a plurality of transverse penetrating holes are formed in the wallboards in the length direction of the wallboards so that the connecting ribs can be inserted and connected, and the penetrating holes between the adjacent wallboards are correspondingly formed; the supporting components are arranged at the joints of the wall and provided with the connecting pieces where the connecting ribs penetrate and are fixed; the side edges of the wallboards are of a groove structure; and the connecting ribs penetrate the corresponding penetrating holes in the wallboards of the wall, and the two ends of each connecting rib are fixed to the connecting pieces of the corresponding supporting components on the two sides of the wall.

Description

A kind of plug-in type assembled house

Technical field

The present invention relates to assembled assembled house, particularly relate to the assembled house of a kind of prefabricated components speed quickly grafting。

Technical background

At present, a large amount of construction low layer dollhouse is needed in China, when running into great disaster, it is also desirable to interim fast construction has the house of heat-insulation and heat-preservation function。

Along with international trade face is more and more wider, the building component purchased at home of real estate manufacturer of foreign country also gets more and more, and the manufacturer of many countries all favor in a kind of have certain shock resistance, can insulation, firmer, can fast construction and the low house of cost。Although the house of current many countries locality is easy plug-in type house, but also need to the steps such as substantial amounts of concreting in site during major part house component, building course is complicated, cost is high, cycle is long, and the house life-span of component is shorter, therefore study a kind of install simple, component is few, life-span length, performance are changeable, can quick-assembling completes and cost is low at the scene plug-in type assembled house, be a technical task urgently to be resolved hurrily。

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of plug-in type assembled house, including basis, wallboard, truss, roof boarding, dowel and supporting member, it is characterized in that: the body of wall in described house is spliced by multiple wallboards, each wallboard is plugged in the groove on basis one by one, in described wallboard along its length on be provided with and some extend transversely through hole, for socket connection muscle, the through hole between adjacent wall board is correspondingly arranged;Described supporting member is arranged at the junction of body of wall, it has through and fix the connector of dowel;Described wallboard side is groove structure;The through hole that described dowel is corresponding on each wallboard of body of wall, its two ends are individually fixed in the connector on the supporting member of body of wall both sides。

Preferably, described basis includes that reeded strip footing, L-shaped be basic and T-shaped basis。

Preferably, the diameter of the through hole of described wallboard is more than the diameter of described dowel, and described dowel inserts wallboard through hole, and the cavity between described dowel and wallboard is used for being in the milk。

Preferably, the cavity of the connecting portion between the wallboard of multiple splicings is used for being in the milk。

Preferably, the side of the plurality of wallboard is provided with reinforcement, and described reinforcement is fixed on described wallboard side, and has the pore space structure identical with the through hole position of wallboard, is used for inserting dowel。

Preferably, described supporting member is angle steel or channel-section steel, and described supporting member is provided with the pore space structure corresponding with through hole on wallboard。

Preferably, described wallboard inserts in the groove on basis, and the cavity in groove has slurry by grout filling;Slurry is had by grout filling between adjacent wall board;Cavity between dowel and wallboard through hole has slurry by grout filling。

Preferably, described wallboard includes standard wallboard or trapezoidal wallboard;The two opposite sides edge lengths of described standard wallboard is equal;Limit, two opposite sides one side edge length of described trapezoidal wallboard is more than opposite side edge lengths。

Preferably, described wallboard also includes doorway wallboard and window wallboard;Described doorway wallboard includes the first supporting steel component above door opening;Described window wallboard includes the second supporting steel component above window opening。

Preferably, described first supporting steel component and the second supporting steel component are respectively provided with symmetrical longitudinal bracing steel plate, described longitudinal bracing steel plate is respectively arranged with pore space structure corresponding with the through hole position of wallboard, is used for fixing dowel。

Preferably, the roof structure in described house is provided with channel-section steel, angle steel or steel pipe, described channel-section steel, angle steel, is arranged at the apical position of each metope in house with the form of back-off, and truss is fixed on described channel-section steel, angle steel or steel pipe, is used for installing roof boarding。

The present invention adopts factorial praluction prefabricated housing component, the on-the-spot mode quickly assembled, and assembles that building site is interim or resident's permanent housing quickly, easily;Prefabricated components are few, and standardization, plug-in type, dry operation, and assembling is simple, assembling process is short;Component has the performances such as certain antidetonation, insulation, heat insulation, resistance to compression, toughness;Construction material is generally gathered materials on the spot, and solves cost of transportation, moreover it is possible to make full use of local resources。

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the gabarit schematic diagram of plug-in type assembled house involved in the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the fractionation schematic diagram of plug-in type assembled house involved in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the profile of strip footing involved in the present invention;

Fig. 4 (a) is the axonometric chart on L-shaped basis involved in the present invention;

Fig. 4 (b) is the top view on L-shaped basis involved in the present invention;

Fig. 5 (a) is the axonometric chart of standard wallboard involved in the present invention;

Fig. 5 (b) is the side view of standard wallboard involved in the present invention;

Fig. 5 (c) is the front view of standard wallboard involved in the present invention;

Fig. 5 (d) is the profile of standard wallboard involved in the present invention;

Fig. 6 (a) is the axonometric chart of window wallboard B involved in the present invention;

Fig. 6 (b) is the side view of window wallboard B involved in the present invention;

Fig. 6 (c) is the front view of window wallboard B involved in the present invention;

Fig. 6 (d) is the top view of window wallboard B involved in the present invention;

Fig. 7 (a) is the axonometric chart of doorway wallboard C involved in the present invention;

Fig. 7 (b) is the side view of doorway wallboard C involved in the present invention;

Fig. 7 (c) is the front view of doorway wallboard C involved in the present invention;

Fig. 7 (d) is the top view of doorway wallboard C involved in the present invention;

Fig. 8 (a) is the axonometric chart of trapezoidal wallboard D involved in the present invention;

Fig. 8 (b) is the side view of trapezoidal wallboard D involved in the present invention;

Fig. 8 (c) is the front view of trapezoidal wallboard D involved in the present invention;

Fig. 8 (d) is the profile of trapezoidal wallboard D involved in the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the fractionation schematic diagram in two houses of plug-in type combination involved in the present invention。

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention is set forth below according to accompanying drawing illustrated embodiment。This time disclosed embodiment is it is believed that be illustration in all respects, without limitation。The scope of the present invention not explanation by implementation below is limit, and only shown in the scope of claims, and includes having all deformation in the same meaning and right with right。

As shown in Figures 1 to 9, the present invention provides a kind of plug-in type assembled house, can be set up into the house with door and window by plug-in unit。Fig. 1 is the gabarit schematic diagram of the plug-in type assembled house that the present invention relates to, and Fig. 2 is the fractionation schematic diagram of described plug-in type assembled house;As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, it is made up of house foundation bottom described plug-in type assembled house, the basis of house foundation is spliced some wallboards and roofing board forms。Described house foundation has strip footing 1 and 2 two kinds of L-shaped basis, by strip footing 1 and L-shaped basis 2 around the house foundation constituting rectangle。Described strip footing 1 and L-shaped basis 2 in the vertical directions have the groove of same depth, are used for inserting wallboard, by irrigating slurry and running through the method composition metope of dowel between described wallboard。Described building structure is provided with channel-section steel, and described channel-section steel is arranged at the apical position of each metope in house with the form of back-off, and truss is fixed on described channel-section steel, is used for installing roof boarding, is fixed on by polylith roofing board 7 on truss 6 and other connectors, forms inclined roof。

Fig. 3 is the profile of strip footing, as it is shown on figure 3, the section of described strip footing 1 has groove structure, bottom 11 upper limb of described strip footing 1 is the inclined-plane with certain gradient, and the top 12 of described strip footing 1 has the groove 13 that can hold wallboard。After wallboard inserts groove 13, gap can be formed between groove walls 121 and the wallboard of described groove 13, have slurry by grout filling。

The axonometric chart on Fig. 4 (a) and (b) respectively L-shaped basis 2 and top view。As shown in Figure 4, described L-shaped basis 2 has groove 21, and described groove 21 is right angle, and described L-shaped basis 2 top views (as shown in Figure 4 (b)) gabarit is square。The size design of described L-shaped basis 2 grooves 21 is identical with strip footing 1 appropriate section。

The wallboard of composition house sidings includes standard wallboard A, window wallboard B, doorway wallboard C and trapezoidal wallboard D, E, F, wherein the metope in house is spliced by standard wallboard A, window wallboard B, doorway wallboard C, or the metope in house is spliced by trapezoidal wallboard D, E, F。

Fig. 5 (a)-5(d) the respectively axonometric chart of standard wallboard, side view, front view and profile。As shown in Fig. 5 (a)-(d), the long side surface of described standard wallboard A is respectively provided with U-shaped groove 31, position along wallboard length direction certain intervals arranges and extends transversely through hole 32, it is preferred that altogether arrange on standard wallboard A shown in 4 through hole 32(such as Fig. 5 (b), (d));The front view of described standard wallboard A is rectangle (as Suo Shi Fig. 5 (c))。

Fig. 6 (a)-6(d) the respectively axonometric chart of window wallboard B, side view, front view and top view, described window wallboard B is reserved with the window hole B1 needing to install window, described window wallboard B includes the supporting steel component above the B1 of window hole, and described supporting steel component includes two longitudinal bracing steel beam column 34 and two cross-brace steel beam column 35。Panel segment and the longitudinal bracing steel beam column place of described window wallboard B arrange through hole 32, and its through hole position is identical with the through hole position of standard wallboard A。

Fig. 7 (a)-7(d) the respectively axonometric chart of doorway wallboard C, side view, front view and top view, described doorway wallboard C is reserved with the door opening C1 needing to install door part, described doorway wallboard C includes the supporting steel component on door opening C1, and described supporting steel component includes at least one cross-brace steel beam column 35 and two longitudinal bracing steel beam column 34。Arranging through hole 32 on the panel segment of described doorway wallboard C and longitudinal bracing steel beam column 34, its through hole position is identical with standard wallboard A through hole position。

Fig. 8 (a)-8(d) the respectively axonometric chart of trapezoidal wallboard D, side view, front view and profile, as shown in Fig. 8 (a), (c), two long sides of described trapezoidal wallboard D are respectively provided with the groove structure of groove structure, described groove structure and standard wallboard A and arrange identical。In conjunction with Fig. 1, the short side of described trapezoidal wallboard D is identical with the height of standard wallboard A, its long vertical edge longer than short side (setting difference in height as G);The short side of described trapezoidal wallboard E is equal with the long side height of described trapezoidal wallboard D, and the length of the short G of long side than trapezoidal wallboard E;In like manner, the described trapezoidal short side of wallboard F is equal with the long side height of described trapezoidal wallboard E, and the length of the short G of long side than trapezoidal wallboard F。Described trapezoidal wallboard lateral attitude is also provided with through hole, and the position of described through hole is identical with the position of through hole in standard wallboard。

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, when, after the groove 21 that wallboard is positioned over described L-shaped basis 2, arranging a supporting member 8 in the junction of two bodies of wall, it is preferred that described supporting member 8 be angle steel 81(as shown in Figure 1)。Two faces that angle steel contacts with wallboard are respectively provided with pore space structure corresponding with standard wallboard A through hole。Dowel 15(is may be inserted into as shown in Figure 2 in described through hole), it is used for reinforcing support wallboard。

Arranging an inverted channel-section steel 9 at wallboard upper limb, described channel-section steel 9(is as shown in Figure 2) it is fastened in wallboard apical position, described channel-section steel 9 is bolted with wallboard upper limb。Truss is fixed on channel-section steel, and roof boarding is installed on channel-section steel。Plug-in type assembled house of the present invention, after described wallboard assigns the groove on basis according to design, inserts dowel through through hole, and with fixing each metope, described through hole diameter is bigger than dowel diameter;After dowel inserts wallboard through hole, need filling paste to the cavity between dowel and wallboard through hole;Then the Binder Materials that the empty intra-bladder instillation that formed to the groove of two wallboards is identical with wallboard component, it is preferred that described Binder Materials is sial sill, simultaneously works as the effect reinforcing metope。Wait Binder Materials parches, and is used for sealing metope, play prevent from leaking, be incubated, heat insulation effect。Preferably, upwards it is in the milk by basis during grouting, the method being so in the milk from lower to upper makes to be not likely to produce in filling process bubble, the cavity between cavity and described dowel and through hole between the cavity and the wallboard that are formed between the groove and the connecting portion of multiple wallboards that arrange on described basis is connected, convenient grouting。Described truss is not only fixed on channel-section steel 9, it is also possible to be fixed on angle steel or steel pipe etc.。

Additionally, for the robustness strengthening metope, be respectively provided with the channel-section steel with matching grooves in the lateral grooves of standard wallboard A and trapezoidal wallboard D-F, described channel-section steel mates with the groove shapes of standard wallboard, it is possible to be just fastened on described groove。Described channel-section steel can be fixed on the groove of wallboard side beforehand through bolt, and it is also provided with pore space structure corresponding with wallboard through hole position。

When building house, can by least two house combinations to building together, now also need to a T-shaped basis 10(when connecting two houses as shown in Figure 9), described T-shaped basic schematic is as shown in Figure 9, the described T-shaped groove of basic 10 is T-shaped, and described groove is identical with strip footing with the size design of bottom。After installing wallboard in the described T-shaped groove of basic 10, have a space, a supporting member 8 can be set in described space, it is preferred that described supporting member 8 is channel-section steel (not shown)。

After house splices and combines, described basis should be embedded in underground, is used for fixing house。For permanent residential building, the width on described basis and highly can equal proportion increasing, namely increase the basis in the house being embedded in underground, it is possible to make house more be firmly fixed to ground。

Described basis, wallboard, roofing board etc. are all prefabricated in the factory just entered, and material is usually gathered materials on the spot;When building plug-in type assembled house involved in the present invention, it is necessary to use and build the device that this assembled house matches。

The concrete building method of plug-in type assembled house of the present invention is as follows。

1, the ground building house will be needed to tamp, accomplish fluently ground, produce in factory simultaneously and need to build basis, wallboard and the roofing board that house needs。

2, arrangement basis on the ground of ground tamping, for instance at least need strip footing 1, L-shaped basis 2 and T-shaped basic 10 3 kinds of foundation precast elements when building two houses。

3, according to the design in house, in the groove on the basis arranged, standard wallboard A, doorway wallboard C, window wallboard B and trapezoidal wallboard D-F etc. are inserted closely。

4, corner location or the connecting portion corresponding supporting member 8 of fixing insertion of wallboard are being built, for instance angle steel 81 or channel-section steel etc.。

5, inserting dowel through through hole, described dowel two ends are bolted, and make wallboard firmer。

6, the Binder Materials that local modulation is identical with wall board material in the vicinity building house, is filled into the Binder Materials modulated in the space that the groove of wallboard and wallboard is formed by workmen, dries the Binder Materials poured into。

7, at the upper limb of mounted wallboard, channel-section steel 9 is installed so that it is can just be fastened in wallboard upper limb, and this fixing device is fixed on wallboard upper limb by bolt device。Simultaneously according to designing in advance, three truss are installed between relative trapezoidal wallboard, are bolted to connection between truss and wallboard。

8, roofing board is fixed in order truss and wallboard upper limb。

9, in the door opening C1 of the window hole B1 of window wallboard B and doorway wallboard C corresponding reserved part, window and door assembly are installed。

Claims (11)

1. a plug-in type assembled house, including basis, wallboard, truss, roof boarding, dowel and supporting member, it is characterized in that: the body of wall in described house is spliced by multiple wallboards, each wallboard is plugged in the groove on basis one by one, in described wallboard along its length on be provided with and some extend transversely through hole, for socket connection muscle, the through hole between adjacent wall board is correspondingly arranged;
Described supporting member is arranged at the junction of body of wall, it has through and fix the connector of dowel;
Described wallboard side is groove structure;
The through hole that described dowel is corresponding on each wallboard of body of wall, its two ends are individually fixed in the connector on the supporting member of body of wall both sides。
2. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described basis includes that reeded strip footing, L-shaped be basic and T-shaped basis。
3. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the diameter of the through hole of described wallboard is more than the diameter of described dowel, and described dowel inserts wallboard through hole, and the cavity between described dowel and wallboard is used for being in the milk。
4. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cavity of the connecting portion between the wallboard of multiple splicings is used for being in the milk。
5. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the side of the plurality of wallboard is provided with reinforcement, described reinforcement is fixed on described wallboard side, and has the pore space structure identical with the through hole position of wallboard, is used for inserting dowel。
6. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described supporting member is angle steel or channel-section steel, and described supporting member is provided with the pore space structure corresponding with through hole on wallboard。
7. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described wallboard inserts in the groove on basis, and the cavity in groove has slurry by grout filling;
Slurry is had by grout filling between adjacent wall board;
Cavity between dowel and wallboard through hole has slurry by grout filling。
8. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described wallboard includes standard wallboard or trapezoidal wallboard;
The two opposite sides edge lengths of described standard wallboard is equal;
Limit, two opposite sides one side edge length of described trapezoidal wallboard is more than opposite side edge lengths。
9. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described wallboard also includes doorway wallboard and window wallboard;
Described doorway wallboard includes the first supporting steel component above door opening;
Described window wallboard includes the second supporting steel component above window opening。
10. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described first supporting steel component and the second supporting steel component are respectively provided with symmetrical longitudinal bracing steel plate, described longitudinal bracing steel plate is respectively arranged with pore space structure corresponding with the through hole position of wallboard, is used for fixing dowel。
11. plug-in type assembled house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the roof structure in described house is provided with channel-section steel, angle steel or steel pipe, described channel-section steel, angle steel, the apical position of each metope in house it is arranged at the form of back-off, truss is fixed on described channel-section steel, angle steel or steel pipe, is used for installing roof boarding。
CN201610078775.XA 2016-02-04 2016-02-04 A kind of plug-in type assembled house CN105696706B (en)

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CN201610078775.XA CN105696706B (en) 2016-02-04 2016-02-04 A kind of plug-in type assembled house
CN201910105275.4A CN109898642A (en) 2016-02-04 2016-02-04 A kind of plug-in type assembled house
PCT/CN2016/099615 WO2017133257A1 (en) 2016-02-04 2016-09-21 Prefabricated house

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WO2017133257A1 (en) * 2016-02-04 2017-08-10 中清大科技股份有限公司 Prefabricated house
CN107345425A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-11-14 扬州大学 A kind of paper general component assembly into provisional small building combined method
CN107401215A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-28 武汉轻工大学 Assembled architecture and construction process
CN108086588A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 江苏宇之源新能源科技有限公司 A kind of light steel room of novel assembled
CN108894331A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-11-27 江苏华大装配式房屋有限公司 A kind of light steel house of spliced light steel wallboard and its composition
CN108951870A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-07 陕西建筑产业投资集团有限公司 A kind of method of construction of the full assembly concrete shear wall structure system of low layer
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CN109183830A (en) * 2018-07-22 2019-01-11 绿山高科建设科技有限公司 A kind of simple splice type prefabricated buildings structure and its building method
CN110700486A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-01-17 通州建总集团有限公司 Detachable prefabricated wallboard for building
CN110965637A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-07 湖南诚友绿色建材科技有限公司 Composite multi-ribbed sandwich concrete container house

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