CN201495631U - Combined type prefabricated house - Google Patents

Combined type prefabricated house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201495631U
CN201495631U CN2009202308986U CN200920230898U CN201495631U CN 201495631 U CN201495631 U CN 201495631U CN 2009202308986 U CN2009202308986 U CN 2009202308986U CN 200920230898 U CN200920230898 U CN 200920230898U CN 201495631 U CN201495631 U CN 201495631U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floor
house
smallpox
insulated board
framework
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202308986U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨保同
张玉津
吉秀峰
王文达
Original Assignee
扬州通利冷藏集装箱有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 扬州通利冷藏集装箱有限公司 filed Critical 扬州通利冷藏集装箱有限公司
Priority to CN2009202308986U priority Critical patent/CN201495631U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201495631U publication Critical patent/CN201495631U/en

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Abstract

A combined type prefabricated house belongs to the technical field of building construction, and comprises adjusting and fixing seats, a floor frame, angle posts, ring beams, a roof truss, purlins, roofing tiles, floors, wall insulation boards and a ceiling insulation board. The floors are arranged on the floor frame; the adjusting and fixing seats are connected with the lower side of the floor frame; the wall insulation boards are spliced and connected with the ceiling insulation board and the floors into an independent space; the angle posts are arranged at the four corners of the house, and are connected with the ceiling truss and the floor frame into an integral frame; a roof on the roofing truss is formed by the purlins and the roofing tiles, and is arranged above the ceiling insulation board through the ring beams; and a door and a window are respectively arranged on the wall insulation boards. The combined type prefabricated house has the advantages of simple structure, fast assembly and disassembly and convenient transportation. The components can be freely combined into a house with a plurality of rooms, the insulation property is good, and the wind resistance is strong, therefore the house is applicable to areas with harsh environment, such as areas which are hot, cold, stormy, and the like, and the demands required of temporary houses by peacekeeping operation, rescue work and eleemosynary relief are satisfied.

Description

The assembling-type precast house

Technical field

The utility model relates to the manual dismounting in a kind of scene, reusable, the prefabricated housing structure that adapts to adverse circumstances, and be module with the separate room prefabricated housing, the extended method in house between how being combined into, but container and prefabricated modular steel building technical field belonged to.

Background technology

Existing movable plank house or collapsible container formula house, need during installation by carrying, lifting appliance or other servicing unit, be not suitable for the assembling work of open-air and low developed area, and exist tangible heat bridge effect and insulation incomplete phenomena in the space enclosing structures such as top, the end, side, heat insulation and preservation effect is poor, does not meet the trend of current building energy conservation.In addition, the movable plank house wind resistance is poor, do not satisfy the instructions for use in windy sudden and violent area, and collapsible container formula house expanded set is fashionable, and the interior trim and the waterproofing work of combination part are loaded down with trivial details, does not satisfy the on-the-spot requirement of assembling fast.Therefore, market demand is a kind of to be need not by carrying, lifting appliance or other servicing unit, can on-the-spot manual assembling fast, and convenient expansion combination adapts to the prefabricated housing in hot, cold, the windy abominable area of environment such as sudden and violent.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is exactly for adapting to when the low developed area disaster relief, relief, the peacekeeping demand to interim residential buildings, by improvement design to existing movable plank house or collapsible container formula house, provide a kind of simple in structure, convenient transportation, hand assembled is quick, be easy to the expansion combination, can be repeatedly used the assembling-type precast house of heat-insulating property and wind resistance good reliability.

The purpose of this utility model is to realize like this, the assembling-type precast house, it is characterized in that being provided with the adjusting holder, the floor framework, angle post, top beam, roof truss, purlin, roof tile, the floor, wall insulated board, the smallpox warming plate, above the framework of floor the floor is set, connect below the framework of floor and regulate holder, wall insulated board, the smallpox warming plate, the mutual socket connection in floor becomes separate space, angle post be arranged on four jiaos in house respectively with roof truss, top beam and floor framework connect and compose general frame, on the roof truss by comprising purlin, the roof system that roof tile constitutes is arranged on the top of smallpox warming plate by top beam, and wall insulated board is provided with door, window.

Described separate space be separate room or two or many between, two or many between transition position be provided with the expansion built-up pillar, expansion built-up pillar lower end is connected with the floor framework, top beam is supported in the upper end, wall insulated board and smallpox warming plate are pegged graft continuously, and the floor transition position is provided with expansion combination fillet floor and floor piece filler rod.

The composite insulation boards that has the grafting tongue and groove that described wall insulated board is composited by internal and external ornament plate and the heat insulating material that embeds the nonmetal keel of high strength, wall insulated board is provided with the last lower guide channel of high strength non-metallic material, lower guide channel is fixed on the framework of floor, and push down the floor, upper rail is connected with collar fine strain of millet, and supporting the smallpox warming plate, wall insulated board is inserted in the lower guide channel.

Described smallpox warming plate is stuck in by in upper rail and the formed guide groove of collar fine strain of millet by internal and external ornament plate and the composite insulation boards that has the grafting tongue and groove that the heat insulating material that embeds the nonmetal keel of high strength is composited.

Described floor is to have the anti-skidding macromolecule face composite heat insulation floor that splices tongue and groove.

The utility model is simple in structure, assembling, quick, the convenient transportation of dismounting.The weight of all single-piece member does not overweight 50kg, and an indoor floor space is not less than 28m 2The member kind of separate room prefabricated housing be no more than 40 kinds, the set-up time is no more than 5 people 8 hours, 20 inches standard dry van container can load the such separate room prefabricated housing of 3 covers or 1 cover 3 closes 1 expansion combination prefabricated housing.In order to simplify installation, wall insulated board, smallpox warming plate and cut off warming plate (wall insulated board) and peg graft mutually separately, and be stuck in and install in the guide groove need not increase securing members such as the rivet that connects usefulness, tapping screw.Doorframe and window frame carries window covering, adopts the grafting installation form with body of wall, has omitted the operation of on-the-spot installation exterior window trim.

The utlity model has easy expansion combination, wall insulated board or smallpox warming plate are in continuous inserting state during number between arbitrarily in that expanded set is synthetic, and every wall insulated board and smallpox warming plate have unified fabric width size, and the expansion combination part does not have extra decoration; Wall insulated board has interchangeability with partition warming plate, entry door and partition door, window upper edge wall insulated board and a door upper edge wall insulated board.With expansion on the combinations of directions the separate room wall insulated board or effective grafting length summation of smallpox warming plate as expanded set matched moulds number, the floor framework has and the consistent length of expanded set matched moulds number on the expansion combinations of directions with top beam, the separate room purlin combines by three sections, segment length equals expanded set matched moulds number in the middle of it, and the flashing plate length on the expansion combinations of directions equals expanded set matched moulds number and adds the fashionable amount that needs overlap joint of expanded set.Therefore, expanded set is fashionable only to be needed the single case strut replacing of part to be become the expansion built-up pillar and increase expansion combination fillet floor, just can utilize other single case unit construction how become between prefabricated housing.

It is reliable to the utlity model has insulation, body of wall and smallpox warming plate are the composite insulation boards that has the grafting tongue and groove, it is composited by internal and external ornament plate and the heat insulating material that embeds the nonmetal keel of high strength, and the floor is to have the anti-skidding macromolecule face composite heat insulation floor that splices tongue and groove.The last lower guide channel of wall insulated board is the high strength non-metallic material, and the lower guide channel with special flow guiding structure is fixed on the framework of floor, and pushes down the floor, and upper rail is connected with collar fine strain of millet, and supports the smallpox warming plate.Therefore, no matter be the separate room, or prefabricated housing between many, indoor all do not have directly and the metalwork of outdoor perforation, and space enclosing structure angle of cut place does not have obvious gaps yet.In addition, leave airspace between roofing and ceiling, the gravity vent of gable is the double-deck shutter form of anti-sand dust.

The utlity model has the wind resistance height, structural bearing spares such as floor framework, pillar, roof system framework are with the integrant framework of the mode of being rigidly connected, and all members are all by anti-160km/h wind speed requirement configuration.Whole prefabricated housing is installed on the adjusting holder with the ground grappling, regulates holder and can adapt to the ground of different brackets soil, and need not make the basis in advance.When wind speed was higher than 100km/h, prefabricated housing adopts with the suspension cable wind resistance of ground grappling to be strengthened, and need not change existing member.

The utility model also at factors such as low developed area arid and electric power shortages, has disposed roof rain water collecting system, solar water heater and solar photovoltaic generation system.When solar water heater and electro-optical package are installed on the roofing, need not strengthen or remove ceiling existing roof trusses, and solar water heater and electro-optical package support and be connected conveniently with roofing, and rainwater leakage prevention be reliable.

The utility model is compared with existing movable plank house, has following advantage:

1. need not water underpin in advance.Ground is carried out smooth simply, just prefabricated housing can be installed, greatly shortened installation period.

2. all construction weights are limited in the 50kg scope, and a dead lift is more convenient, the more convenient and safety of manual installation.

3. structural strength is higher.Have whole steel structure frame, and member disposes by anti-160km/h wind speed requirement, more can adapt to the use in windy sudden and violent area.

4. high insulating effect.The warming plate of space enclosing structure adopts continuous inserting mode, and warming plate is strengthened keel and guide groove is installed is nonmetals, and indoor all do not have directly and the metalwork of outdoor perforation, and heat bridge effect is little, and the roof is the Double Tops structure, more can adapt to the use of hot and cold district.

5. it is simple to increase configuration.Need not transform the roof, just solar water heater and electro-optical package can be installed, can satisfy customer requirements better, quickly.

The utility model is compared with existing collapsible container formula house, has following advantage:

1. it is more convenient to install.All construction weights are limited in the 50kg scope, can realize on-the-spot manual the installation, need not be by carrying, lifting appliance or other servicing unit.

2. the expansion combination is more convenient.Expanded set is fashionable, and the warming plate of space enclosing structure is pegged graft continuously, indoor no extra decoration, outdoorly need not carry out loaded down with trivial details waterproof sealing and handle, and cut off warming plate and partition door and can directly use the wall insulated board and the entry door in separate room, improved installation effectiveness, it is originally synthetic to have reduced expanded set.

3. high insulating effect, whole prefabricated housing do not have heat bridge effect obviously and cavity etc. be incubated defectives such as position not in place, reduced long-pending dew occurrence probability, meet the building energy conservation requirement more.

4. it is simple to increase configuration.Need not transform the roof, just solar water heater and electro-optical package can be installed, can satisfy customer requirements better, quickly.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a separate room of the present utility model profile elevation;

Fig. 2 be separate room of the present utility model or many between the profile lateral view of expansion combination;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional drawing of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional drawing of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is the lower guide channel structural representation that " B " locates wall insulated board among Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is the upper rail structural representation that " C " locates wall insulated board among Fig. 4;

Fig. 7 be of the present utility model with expanded set synthetic three be the profile elevation of example;

Fig. 8 is the C-C sectional drawing of Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 is the D-D sectional drawing of Fig. 8;

Figure 10 locates to expand the floor piece processing schematic diagram of combination part for " D " among Fig. 9;

Figure 11 locates electro-optical package and roofing fixed structure schematic diagram for " A " among Fig. 2

Among the figure: 1 regulates holder, 2 floor frameworks, 3 angle posts, 4 top beams, 5 roof trusses, 6 separate room purlins, 7 roof tiles, 8 flashing plates, 9 envelope wallboards, 10 floors, 11 lower guide channels, 12 securing members, 13 wall insulated boards, 14,15 windows, 16 upper rails, 17 smallpox warming plates, 18 expansion built-up pillars, 19 expansion combination fillet floors, 20 floor piece filler rods, 21 cut off purlin between guide groove, more than 22,23 waterproof reinforced seats, 24 electro-optical package support beams, 25 electro-optical packages, 26 gravity vents.

The specific embodiment

Embodiment one, the separate room prefabricated housing, and as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6,

1. form whole steel structure frame by floor framework 2, angle post 3, top beam 4, roof truss 5, separate room purlin 6 by the mode of being rigidly connected, and adjusting holder 1 and ground grappling by being connected with floor framework 2.

2. splice with the tongue and groove form each other on floor 10, and fixing with securing member and floor framework 2, and periphery is compressed by lower guide channel 11.

3. wall insulated board 13 is pegged graft with the tongue and groove form each other, and is stuck in the guide groove of lower guide channel 11 and upper rail 16, and there is a breach upper rail 16 inboards so that wall insulated board 13 is put into guide groove, and door 14, window 15 are installed with the grafting form with wall insulated board 13.

4. smallpox warming plate 17 is pegged graft with the tongue and groove form each other, and is stuck in the guide groove that is formed by upper rail 16 and top beam 4, and the flanging of top beam 4 has a breach so that smallpox warming plate 17 is put into guide groove.

5. the tapping screw of roof tile 7, flashing plate 8, envelope wallboard 9 usefulness band collision mat is fixed on the roof system framework of being made up of top beam 4, roof truss 5, separate room purlin 6.Electro-optical package support beams 24 is fixedly connected on the separate room purlin 6, and electro-optical package 25 is installed on the electro-optical package support beams 24.

Embodiment two, expand prefabricated housing between make up many, and as Fig. 2, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10, implementation step and separate room prefabricated housing are identical.What need special instruction is:

1. fillet floor 19 is laid on expansion combination gap, formed floor, and knocks in floor piece filler rod 20 on itself and floor in 10 the slit.

2. angle post 3 is arranged on four jiaos of places of prefabricated housing, and the expansion combination part is fixing with expansion built-up pillar 18.

3. the expansion combination part does not have the roof truss of 4, two roof trusses that tighten together of top beam 5 as the expansion combination part.

4. purlin 22 is made up of the front and back section of separate room purlin 6 and the interlude of respective numbers between many, and is fixed on the roof truss 5.

5. wall insulated board 13 and smallpox warming plate 17 are pegged graft continuously.

6. wall insulated board 13 can be used on the partition place, and entry door 14 also can be used as partition door, cuts off warming plate and is stuck in the identical up and down partition guide groove 21.

7. the flashing plate 8 of expansion combinations of directions, envelope wallboard 9 overlap mutually.

The fixing structural representation of electro-optical package and roofing is seen Figure 11, waterproof reinforced seat 23 is stuck in the muscle groove of roof tile, electro-optical package support beams 24 is fastening with it, self tapping with the band collision mat is fixed on waterproof reinforced seat 23 and electro-optical package support beams 24 on the purlin 6 together from boring screw, and electro-optical package 25 is fixed on the electro-optical package support beams 24.

Claims (5)

1. assembling-type precast house, it is characterized in that being provided with the adjusting holder, the floor framework, angle post, top beam, roof truss, purlin, roof tile, the floor, wall insulated board, the smallpox warming plate, above the framework of floor the floor is set, connect below the framework of floor and regulate holder, wall insulated board, the smallpox warming plate, the floor socket connection becomes separate space, angle post be arranged on four jiaos in house respectively with roof truss, top beam and floor framework connect and compose general frame, on the roof truss by comprising purlin, the roof system that roof tile constitutes is arranged on the top of smallpox warming plate by top beam, and wall insulated board is provided with door, window.
2. assembling-type precast according to claim 1 house, it is characterized in that described separate space be separate room or two or many between, two or many between transition position be provided with the expansion built-up pillar, expansion built-up pillar lower end is connected with the floor framework, top beam is supported in the upper end, wall insulated board and smallpox warming plate are pegged graft continuously, and the floor transition position is provided with expansion combination fillet floor and floor piece filler rod.
3. assembling-type precast according to claim 1 house, it is characterized in that the composite insulation boards that has the grafting tongue and groove that described wall insulated board is composited by internal and external ornament plate and the heat insulating material that embeds the nonmetal keel of high strength, wall insulated board is provided with the last lower guide channel of high strength non-metallic material, lower guide channel is fixed on the framework of floor, and push down the floor, upper rail is connected with collar fine strain of millet, and supports the smallpox warming plate, and wall insulated board is inserted in the lower guide channel.
4. assembling-type precast according to claim 1 house, it is characterized in that described smallpox warming plate by internal and external ornament plate and the composite insulation boards that has the grafting tongue and groove that the heat insulating material that embeds the nonmetal keel of high strength is composited, is stuck in by in upper rail and the formed guide groove of collar fine strain of millet.
5. assembling-type precast according to claim 1 house is characterized in that described floor is to have the anti-skidding macromolecule face composite heat insulation floor that splices tongue and groove.
CN2009202308986U 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Combined type prefabricated house CN201495631U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202308986U CN201495631U (en) 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Combined type prefabricated house

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202308986U CN201495631U (en) 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Combined type prefabricated house

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012068800A1 (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-05-31 Yangzhou Tonglee Reefer Container Co., Ltd Transportable modular accommodation unit and assembled transportable modular accommodation unit
CN102747844A (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-10-24 深圳城市诺必达节能环保有限公司 Container low-carbon living system
CN103233512A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-07 河南天丰节能板材科技股份有限公司 Modularization integration house and support foot structure thereof
CN103572723A (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-02-12 天津艾劢奇科技有限公司 Design for multiple-individual common living house in retirement community for the aged
CN108252418A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-06 东南大学 Utilize the container resident systems in discarded space
CN109898642A (en) * 2016-02-04 2019-06-18 中清大科技股份有限公司 A kind of plug-in type assembled house

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012068800A1 (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-05-31 Yangzhou Tonglee Reefer Container Co., Ltd Transportable modular accommodation unit and assembled transportable modular accommodation unit
CN102747844A (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-10-24 深圳城市诺必达节能环保有限公司 Container low-carbon living system
CN102747844B (en) * 2011-08-05 2015-02-11 深圳城市诺必达节能环保有限公司 Container low-carbon living system
CN103572723A (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-02-12 天津艾劢奇科技有限公司 Design for multiple-individual common living house in retirement community for the aged
CN103233512A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-07 河南天丰节能板材科技股份有限公司 Modularization integration house and support foot structure thereof
CN109898642A (en) * 2016-02-04 2019-06-18 中清大科技股份有限公司 A kind of plug-in type assembled house
CN108252418A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-06 东南大学 Utilize the container resident systems in discarded space

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Granted publication date: 20100602

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