CN105696620A - Earth-retaining wall structure composed of waste tire-broken concrete, and construction method - Google Patents

Earth-retaining wall structure composed of waste tire-broken concrete, and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105696620A
CN105696620A CN201610219154.9A CN201610219154A CN105696620A CN 105696620 A CN105696620 A CN 105696620A CN 201610219154 A CN201610219154 A CN 201610219154A CN 105696620 A CN105696620 A CN 105696620A
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China
Prior art keywords
junked tire
unit
concrete
retaining
gear
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Granted
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CN201610219154.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105696620B (en
Inventor
宋修广
孙润生
张宏博
马源
王珂
王学成
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Shandong University
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Shandong University
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2300/00Materials
    • E02D2300/0001Rubbers
    • E02D2300/0003Car tires
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2300/00Materials
    • E02D2300/0004Synthetics
    • E02D2300/0018Cement used as binder
    • E02D2300/002Concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2600/00Miscellaneous
    • E02D2600/30Miscellaneous comprising anchoring details

Abstract

The invention discloses an earth-retaining wall structure composed of waste tire-broken concrete, and a construction method. The earth-retaining wall structure comprises a base, wherein a first earth-retaining wall unit is fixedly connected to the base; multi-layer second earth-retaining wall units are superposed and arranged on the first earth-retaining wall unit; the first earth-retaining wall unit is composed of one-row multi-column first waste tire-concrete units which are connected into one piece; and each second earth-retaining wall unit is composed of one-row multi-column second waste tire-concrete units which are connected into one piece. The earth-retaining wall is mainly composed of waste tires and broken concrete, wherein the tires wrap the outer side of the concrete, and due to the 'hoop effect' of the tires, the strength of the concrete is greatly increased. By applying the two materials to civil engineering in a combination manner, the problem that the tires and the concrete are difficult to degrade is effectively solved; and great economic, environment-friendly and social benefits are achieved.

Description

The retaining wall structure of a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete composition and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Novel retaining wall category, the material relating to retaining wall is constituted and type of attachment, specifically, is NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE retaining wall structure and the construction method of a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete composition, can be used for the strengthening supporting of side slope。
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China's economic construction, industrial construction has become the pillar industry of China, particularly automobile industry, the red flag that China produces, and Honda Motor starts progressively to go to the world stage。But meanwhile, the quantity of junked tire is increasing, according to data statistics, within 2015, China's junked tire quantity is close to 3.5 hundred million, and increasing several times with annual 2 figure places, and China has become junked tire the first big country。Simultaneously as the development of China's civil engineering construction also speed, bring substantial amounts of discarded concrete with this。Junked tire and waste and old concrete are difficult to degraded, special for being that tire belongs to molten or infusibility macromolecular material, are all difficult to degrade if only relying on more than natural agent centuries, therefore many environmental problems are brought, including polluted underground water, land occupation resource, initiation fire etc.。How to dispose junked tire and waste and old concrete becomes our main task instantly。Waste tire is mixed composition flexible bases by some researcheres with soil, also has the mechanical property of some researcheres research regeneration concrete, but waste and old concrete and junked tire is combined as barricade form, and current few people study。
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to as overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE retaining wall structure and the construction method of a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete composition are provided, junked tire and crushed stone concrete are combined as retaining wall material, promote that junked tire and breaking concrete are in the application of civil engineering, solved junked tire and breaking concrete recycles problem。
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals:
The retaining wall structure that a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete is constituted, including base, fixing connection first order retaining wall unit on described base, superposition arranging multiplayer second level retaining wall unit on described first order retaining wall unit, the first junked tire-breaking concrete unit that described first order retaining wall unit is linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms, and the second waste and old-broken tire concrete unit that described second gear wall unit is linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms。
Described first junked tire concrete unit includes junked tire fetus face, and the bottom of junked tire fetus face is connected with junked tire sidewall, is filled with Aggregate of recycled concrete in described junked tire fetus face;Being combined by junked tire and breaking concrete, wherein tire is wrapped in outside concrete, owing to " the hoop effect " of tire substantially increases concrete intensity。First junked tire concrete unit, the junked tire components interior after junked tire excises upper strata anchor ring is added Aggregate of recycled concrete and is formed。
Described second junked tire concrete unit includes junked tire fetus face, is filled with Aggregate of recycled concrete in described junked tire fetus face。Second junked tire concrete unit, the junked tire components interior after junked tire excises upper and lower both sides anchor ring is added Aggregate of recycled concrete and is formed。
Described second junked tire concrete unit vertically correspondence is superimposed upon on the first junked tire concrete unit;Making the corresponding setting of concrete unit of junked tire up and down of composition retaining wall, the junked tire concrete unit of one layer, bottom supports the junked tire concrete unit on one layer of top, makes retaining wall structure more solid and reliable。
Described Aggregate of recycled concrete is by cement: water: fine aggregate: coarse aggregate=1.0:(0.27-0.37): (0.87-0.97): the ratio of (2.29-2.39) mixes, described coarse aggregate is that waste and old concrete forms after crushing and screening, the particle diameter of coarse aggregate is 4.75mm-16mm, and grating is good;Described fine aggregate is natural river sand;With the Aggregate of recycled concrete intensity angle that this proportion is made, the requirement of strength of retaining wall more can be met。
The junked tire sidewall of described first junked tire concrete unit is connected by connector is fixing with base;The first order the first junked tire concrete unit of bottom and base are fixed up, the soil lateral pressure of opposing body of wall is provided by the shearing strength of connector (bolt), thered is provided stability in the large by base, make retaining wall structure to side slope with higher support force, it is to avoid slope instability deforms。
Multiple row the first junked tire concrete unit of described first gear wall unit is fixedly connected by the anchor pole extended transversely through;2 anchor poles can be adopted to be connected, and anchor pole is through whole first order tire from sidewall, connects into as a whole by the junked tire concrete unit of same layer, strengthens the stability in the large of retaining wall。
Multiple row the second junked tire concrete unit of described second gear wall unit is fixedly connected by the anchor pole extended transversely through;Second gear wall unit still adopts 2 anchor poles to connect along the connected mode in side slope direction, connects into as a whole by the junked tire unit of same layer, strengthens the globality of retaining wall。
Described first junked tire concrete unit and the second junked tire concrete unit are all installed with anchoring-bolt, and anchoring-bolt is connected with side slope;Anchoring-bolt is by anchor connection between the first junked tire concrete unit and side slope, and anchoring-bolt is by anchor connection between the second junked tire concrete unit and rock side-slope。
Preferably, a laterally spaced setpoint distance laying support arrangement on described base, the gap of a support arrangement and first gear wall unit is zero, and the gap of a support arrangement and second gear wall unit is zero;Being given whole retaining wall structure with the support force of more weights by a support arrangement, make retaining wall structure globality higher, anti-side is bigger to skid force。
Described support arrangement is the xoncrete structure that Aggregate of recycled concrete is made;Supported concrete structural supports retaining wall structure by Aggregate of recycled concrete, make full use of waste and old concrete resource。
The loading characteristic of retaining wall of the present invention is: soil lateral pressure is delivered to Retaining Walls, is then passed to anchoring-bolt and the high-strength bolt being connected with concrete floor, is eventually transferred into a support arrangement。By the frictional force between first order tire retaining wall inner stuffing, the shearing resistance of bolt, the tension of anchoring-bolt, the deadweight of a support arrangement, balance with soil lateral pressure。
The construction method of the NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE retaining wall that a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete is constituted, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: casting concrete makes base, and reserves connecting hole on base;
Step 2: make the first junked tire concrete unit: removed by the anchor ring at junked tire top, and the sidewall brill connecting hole bottom junked tire, the longitudinal fetus face at junked tire bores anchor hole, and the horizontal fetus face at junked tire bores preformed hole;
Step 3: by corresponding with the connecting hole on base for the connecting hole of the first junked tire concrete unit, and coupled together by connector;
Step 4: anchoring-bolt penetrates the first junked tire concrete unit, along anchor pole place to the internal slip casting of side slope, anchoring-bolt is fixing with side slope to be connected;
Multiple first junked tire concrete units are in turn secured on base by step 5: according to the mode of step 3-step 4;
Step 6: by the preformed hole of the lateral connection anchor pole multiple first junked tire concrete units of traverse, arrange connector to be connected as one by the first junked tire concrete unit of first gear wall unit in lateral connection anchor pole end, complete the construction of first gear wall unit;
Step 7: make the second junked tire concrete unit: the sidewall at junked tire top and bottom all removed, and at longitudinal fetus face brill anchor hole of junked tire, the horizontal fetus face at junked tire bores preformed hole;
Step 8: upwards superposition multilamellar the second junked tire concrete unit successively on the first junked tire concrete unit, links into an integrated entity the second junked tire concrete unit of same layer;
Step 9: anchoring-bolt penetrates the second junked tire concrete unit, and self-tipping type anchor pole is connected with rock side-slope, completes the construction of multilamellar second gear wall unit;
Step 10: the Aggregate of recycled concrete made is injected in first gear wall unit and multilamellar second gear wall unit inside, completes the construction of retaining wall structure;
Step 11: inject mortar at retaining wall structure gap place, strengthens the internal tightness connected of retaining wall structure;
Step 12: erection template, is transversely close to retaining wall structure according to setpoint distance and arranges a support arrangement;
Step 13: the backfill earthwork。
Concretely comprising the following steps of described step 3: connector is inverted in the reserved connecting hole of base, and in reserved connecting hole, inject serosity, then the connecting hole of the first junked tire concrete unit and connector are connected, and with securing member, the first junked tire concrete unit and base are fastenedly connected。
Concretely comprising the following steps of described step 4: after anchoring-bolt is passed anchor hole and after squeezing into side slope soil layer set depth, suitable mortar is injected along anchoring-bolt direction to side slope is internal, have after some strength until serosity, owing to there is tapered member inside anchoring-bolt, can by internal to anchoring-bolt and side slope fixing by securing member。
Concretely comprising the following steps of described step 6: lateral connection anchor pole is penetrated in the preformed hole of junked tire transverse direction fetus face, lateral connection anchor pole end exceeds the first certain anchorage length of junked tire concrete unit, it is inserted in iron plate along anchor pole end, and with securing member, multiple first junked tire concrete units of first gear wall unit is laterally being fastenedly connected。
The operation principle of the present invention is:
By being provided above Retaining Walls unit at base, first order retaining wall unit is fixing with base to be connected, and this retaining wall unit is formed by connecting by a junked tire unit arranging multiple row。First order junked tire unit is the junked tire removing top anchor ring;On this grade of retaining wall unit, longitudinal stack is arranged and is constituted Retaining Walls unit, and except the first order, tire retaining wall unit all removes upper and lower anchor ring。With all adopting 2 anchor poles to connect between one-level junked tire unit transverse, and in every one-level retaining wall unit, each little tire unit is connected by anchoring-bolt with side slope body of wall, and fills Aggregate of recycled concrete in this multistage junked tire unit carcass inside。By arranging a support arrangement on base, this support arrangement is the regeneration concrete device being fixed on base plate and being close to Retaining Walls cellular construction, and it is close to Retaining Walls cellular construction, laterally arranges according to a determining deviation along side slope。Seam crossing between Retaining Walls and between retaining wall and support injects mortar。When soil lateral pressure is delivered to retaining wall structure, it is then passed to anchoring-bolt and the high-strength bolt being connected with concrete floor, then is delivered to a support arrangement。By the frictional force between first order tire retaining wall inner stuffing, the shearing resistance of bolt, the tension of anchoring-bolt, the deadweight of a support arrangement, balance with soil lateral pressure。Base can be levelling and strengthen linking of junked tire retaining wall structure and ground。
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the present invention proposes the NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE retaining wall structure that a kind of junked tire-breaking concrete is constituted, this retaining wall is mainly made up of junked tire and breaking concrete, wherein tire is wrapped in outside concrete, owing to " the hoop effect " of tire substantially increases concrete intensity。These 2 kinds of materials are combined to be applied in civil engineering, and effective solution tire and breaking concrete are difficult to the difficult problem degraded, and have well economic and environment-friendly and social benefit。
2, the present invention provides a kind of and uses junked tire and breaking concrete as the method for retaining structure, has promoted that tire and breaking concrete are in the application of civil engineering, solves junked tire and breaking concrete recycles problem。
3, the present invention is compared with existing apparatus, except the bottom tire special handling (must retain one of them anchor ring, and realization and base plate are reliably connected) outward, other assembly that all can be prefabricated in the factory, have only at the scene realize anchor pole and barricade wall connecting and joint treatment, it is greatly improved construction speed, and laid concrete support device outside this device first order retaining wall tire, owing to a support arrangement deadweight is bigger, therefore this device is compared with existing apparatus, globality is higher, and anti-side is bigger to skid force, can better be applied to engineering。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric drawing of retaining wall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of retaining wall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of retaining wall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the connection anchor pole schematic diagram of retaining wall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is that first order retaining wall unit is connected top view with base;
Fig. 6 is anchoring-bolt structure chart;
Fig. 7 is arrangement schematic diagram between horizontal junked tire concrete unit;
In figure, 1, base, 2, junked tire, 3, a support arrangement, 4, lateral connection anchor pole, 5, anchoring-bolt, 6, connecting bolt, 7, pad, 8, first order junked tire barricade, 9, second level junked tire barricade, 10, third level junked tire barricade, 11, fourth stage junked tire barricade, 12, level V junked tire barricade, 13, regeneration concrete filler, 14, screw thread, 15, big pad, 16, expansion tube, 17, Wedge device, 18, hex nut, 19, spring shim。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described。
As Figure 1-Figure 2, a kind of Novel retaining wall structure being made up of waste and scrap, including by concrete bed 1, the vertical junked tire 2 piled up, the support arrangement 3 that junked tire is supported, connects the connecting bolt 6 of tire and tire and tire and concrete bed, anchoring-bolt 5, lateral connection anchor pole 4, regeneration concrete filler 13 grade forms。
The fixing first order junked tire barricade 8 being made up of junked tire 2 on concrete bed 1, on first order junked tire barricade 8, superposition arranges the second level junked tire barricade 9 being made up of junked tire 2, on second level junked tire barricade 9, superposition arranges the third level junked tire barricade 10 being made up of junked tire 2, on third level junked tire barricade 10, superposition arranges the fourth stage junked tire barricade 11 being made up of junked tire 2, and on fourth stage junked tire barricade 11, superposition arranges the level V junked tire barricade 12 being made up of junked tire 2;The first gear wall unit that the first junked tire concrete unit that first order junked tire barricade 8 is linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms, the first junked tire concrete unit is arranged to make up first order junked tire barricade 8 along side slope horizontal direction successively。First order junked tire barricade 8 is sequentially overlapped composition Retaining Walls;Second level junked tire barricade 9, third level junked tire barricade 10, fourth stage junked tire barricade 11 are identical with the version of level V junked tire barricade 12, the second gear wall unit that the second junked tire concrete unit all linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms。
First junked tire concrete unit, is that the junked tire components interior interpolation Aggregate of recycled concrete after junked tire excises upper strata anchor ring forms。Second junked tire concrete unit, is that the junked tire components interior interpolation Aggregate of recycled concrete after junked tire excises upper and lower both sides anchor ring forms。
Being provided with fixed support device 3 along side slope horizontal direction according to certain distance on base, this support arrangement 3 is close to Retaining Walls cellular construction。In Fig. 2, the setting direction of anchoring-bolt 5 is longitudinal direction, and the cloth set direction of the lateral connection anchor pole 4 perpendicular with it is horizontal direction。
As Figure 3-Figure 4, each junked tire 2 of first order junked tire barricade 8 is connected with anchoring-bolt 4, and injects serosity along anchor pole to side slope is internal, and therefore anchoring-bolt 4 is fixed in side slope;Second level junked tire barricade, third level junked tire barricade etc. all adopts the connected mode identical with first order junked tire barricade with the connection of side slope。Junked tire has vertically been piled up the connection of mode and junked tire and rock side-slope body of wall and can have been arranged according to Fig. 3。In figure 3, multistage junked tire retaining wall pours into mortar along anchoring-bolt 4 to side slope, after waiting mortar to have some strength, is inserted in square washer 7 along anchoring-bolt extending part, anchoring-bolt and side slope is fixed with hex nut 18。
Waste and old concrete base 1 is to be formed by C30 concreting, and concrete bed 1 is cuboid, is furnished with suitable reinforcing bar in concrete, and its effect is levelling and enhancing tire barricade contacts with ground。
As it is shown in figure 5, the connected mode of first order junked tire barricade 8 and base 1 can shown in Fig. 5, the tire bottom anchor ring of first order tire retaining wall 8 and base are fixedly connected with by the high-strength connecting bolt 6 of selection。The tire lower face of tire refers to its part contacted with road surface;The sidewall of tire, continuous with annular portion bottom tire, it is the side of tire。The anchor ring of first order junked tire barricade tire need not be removed, and is fixed on base along anchor ring direction with 6 bottom tires of 4 connecting bolts。The connected mode propping up support arrangement 3 and multistage junked tire retaining wall can refer to the arrangement of Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, and available mortar fills a support arrangement 3 with the gap place of barricade。Propping up support arrangement 3, be close to the regeneration concrete structure of Retaining Walls cellular construction for being fixed on base plate, it is close to Retaining Walls cellular construction, laterally arranges according to a determining deviation along side slope。
As shown in Figure 7, bottom first order junked tire barricade 8 can be arranged according to Fig. 7 along side slope direction connected mode, arranged in parallel along the junked tire 2 along rock side-slope wall direction, two reserving holes are made a call at the junked tire unit side place in side slope direction, lateral connection anchor pole 4 is penetrated each grade of tire retaining wall unit along reserving hole, pad 7 is inserted at the anchor pole position exposed in both sides respectively, and transverse direction anchor pole and each grade of tire retaining wall unit is fixed with connecting bolt 6。Hereafter, second level junked tire barricade, the connection between the transverse direction of third level junked tire barricade etc. all adopts the connected mode identical with first order junked tire barricade。
The superiors' anchor ring of the junked tire 2 of bottom removes, and this is the retaining wall unit of ground floor junked tire composition。Hereafter every layer of upper and lower two anchor ring of junked tire all cut off, and the junked tire along rock side-slope wall direction connects identical with ground floor, and each junked tire is connected with rock side-slope body of wall by anchoring-bolt 4。First order junked tire barricade 8 be tire is arranged after concrete is directly poured into inside tires, concrete can form a column construction, can be coupled together by concrete cohesion between levels junked tire;If junked tire more than second level junked tire barricade is with upper and lower two anchor rings, it is unfavorable for concrete closely knit。Junked tire more than second level junked tire barricade 2 retains fetus face, it is provided that concrete hoop constraint power。
Junked tire inner stuffing is Aggregate of recycled concrete 13, its match ratio can according to cement: water: fine aggregate: coarse aggregate=1.0:0.32:0.92:2.34 configuration, and its coarse aggregate be break into pieces with waste and old concrete after, after carrying out crushing with disintegrating machine, then in screening, finally obtaining, coarse aggregate size is between 4.75mm-16mm, and grating is good;Fine aggregate can use natural river sand。In mix Design, cement when office 1, other aggregates and water determine all according to the mass ratio with cement determine, and when adopting this ratio value to arrange filler, concrete intensity is higher。
As shown in Figure 6, anchoring-bolt 4 is by screw thread 14, big pad 15, expansion tube 16, Wedge device 17, and hex nut 18, spring shim 19 forms。Its principle is that anchoring-bolt is got to the Kong Zhonghou on ground metope, and screw up with a wrench the nut on anchor pole, and anchor pole walks toward outside, and expansion tube is motionless, and then, the major part under anchor pole is just metallic sheath spreading so that it is the whole hole of overflow, plays fixation。
Anchoring-bolt 4 bar afterbody is coniform, the big footpath of circular cone is more than expansion tube 16 internal diameter, when nut screwing clamping time, anchor pole is displaced outwardly, make tapered segment move by moving axially of screw thread, so expansion tube outer peripheral face bolt, form very big normal pressure, the angle of circular cone is only small in addition, so that forming friction self-locking between body of wall, expansion tube and circular cone, and then reach fixation。Connecting bolt adopts high-strength bolt, it is possible to resist bigger horizontal thrust。
The construction method of retaining wall, specifically comprises the following steps that
1) casting concrete base 1;
2) the top anchor ring of the junked tire of the bottom is removed, retain the anchor ring of the bottom, the tire of the bottom and base plate and hole according to Fig. 5 connected mode。Tire is connected with side slope holes according to Fig. 3 mode, and tire lateral connection hole is holed according to Fig. 7;
3) connecting bolt is inverted in the boring of concrete bed 1, injects serosity, then according to screw thread moves towards to insert bottom junked tire 2, nut is placed in tire annulus surface layer and tightens;
4) being penetrated according to Fig. 2 mode by anchoring-bolt 5, inject serosity in rock mass, after slurry intensity is formed, screw up with a wrench the nut on anchor pole, anchor pole walks toward outside, and expansion tube is motionless, then, major part under anchor pole is just metallic sheath spreading so that it is the whole hole of overflow, plays fixation。
5) according to the mode of Fig. 7, it is achieved along the connection of the tire of the wall direction bottom, first order junked tire barricade has connected;
6) hereafter second level junked tire barricade, third level junked tire barricade etc. all can be prefabricated in the factory, (includes the boring at tire anchor pole place, connection etc. between transverse direction), after prefabricated, only need to punch at side slope place at the scene, slip casting, it is achieved anchor pole couples with body of wall;
7) according to the good concrete mix mix of design in precasting yard;
8) plant-mixed concrete note is injected separately in the tire vertically piled up internal;
9) by concreting, a number of earthwork is backfilled so that it is do not have ground floor tire as far as possible。
Embodiment:
Tire lattice guest's retaining wall of the present invention, long is 4m, and single-stage retaining wall height is 3m,。Base dimensions is 4*1.5*0.5m。Tire adopts: the tire of 215/70R15, namely tire diameter is inch flat ratio 70%, tire width is 215mm, attaches it on base, and with high-strength bolt, wheel tyre bead wall direction is connected slip casting, squeeze into lateral connection anchor pole, squeeze into anchoring-bolt, the assembled second layer, third layer etc. is last is cement in factory according to match ratio: water: fine aggregate: regeneration concrete is poured in tire by coarse aggregate=1.0:0.32:0.92:2.34, finally backfilling soil, the height of backfill soil is 0.8 meter。
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in conjunction with accompanying drawing although above-mentioned; but not limiting the scope of the invention; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of technical scheme, those skilled in the art need not pay various amendments or deformation that creative work can make still within protection scope of the present invention。

Claims (10)

1. the retaining wall structure that junked tire-breaking concrete is constituted, it is characterized in that, including base, fixing connection first gear wall unit on described base, superposition arranging multiplayer second gear wall unit on described first gear wall unit, the first junked tire concrete unit that described first gear wall unit is linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms, and the second junked tire concrete unit that described second gear wall unit is linked into an integrated entity by row's multiple row forms。
2. retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first junked tire concrete unit includes junked tire fetus face, and the bottom of junked tire fetus face is connected with junked tire sidewall, is filled with Aggregate of recycled concrete in described junked tire fetus face;The junked tire sidewall of described first junked tire concrete unit is connected by connector is fixing with base。
3. retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described second junked tire concrete unit includes junked tire fetus face, is filled with Aggregate of recycled concrete in described junked tire fetus face。
4. the retaining wall structure as described in claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that, described second junked tire concrete unit vertically correspondence is superimposed upon on the first junked tire concrete unit。
5. retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterized in that, described Aggregate of recycled concrete is by cement: water: fine aggregate: coarse aggregate=1.0:(0.27-0.37): (0.87-0.97): the ratio of (2.29-2.39) mixes, described coarse aggregate is that waste and old concrete forms after crushing and screening, and the particle diameter of coarse aggregate is 4.75mm-16mm;Described fine aggregate is natural river sand。
6. retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, multiple row the first junked tire concrete unit of described first gear wall unit is fixedly connected by the anchor pole extended transversely through;Multiple row the second junked tire concrete unit of described second gear wall unit is fixedly connected by the anchor pole extended transversely through。
7. the retaining wall structure as described in claim 1 or 6, is characterized in that, described first junked tire concrete unit and the second junked tire concrete unit are all installed with anchoring-bolt, and anchoring-bolt is connected with side slope。
8. retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, a laterally spaced setpoint distance laying support arrangement on described base, the gap of a support arrangement and first gear wall unit is zero, and the gap of a support arrangement and second gear wall unit is zero;Described support arrangement is the xoncrete structure that Aggregate of recycled concrete is made。
9. a construction method for the retaining wall structure that junked tire-breaking concrete is constituted, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
Step 1: casting concrete makes base, and reserves connecting hole on base;
Step 2: make the first junked tire concrete unit: removed by the anchor ring at junked tire top, and the sidewall brill connecting hole bottom junked tire, the longitudinal fetus face at junked tire bores anchor hole, and the horizontal fetus face at junked tire bores preformed hole;
Step 3: by corresponding with the connecting hole on base for the connecting hole of the first junked tire concrete unit, and coupled together by connector;
Step 4: anchoring-bolt penetrates the first junked tire concrete unit, along anchor pole place to the internal slip casting of side slope, anchoring-bolt is fixing with side slope to be connected;
Multiple first junked tire concrete units are in turn secured on base by step 5: according to the mode of step 3-step 4;
Step 6: by the preformed hole of the lateral connection anchor pole multiple first junked tire concrete units of traverse, arrange connector to be connected as one by the first junked tire concrete unit of first gear wall unit in lateral connection anchor pole end, complete the construction of first gear wall unit;
Step 7: make the second junked tire concrete unit: the sidewall at junked tire top and bottom all removed, and at longitudinal fetus face brill anchor hole of junked tire, the horizontal fetus face at junked tire bores preformed hole;
Step 8: upwards superposition multilamellar the second junked tire concrete unit successively on the first junked tire concrete unit, links into an integrated entity the second junked tire concrete unit of same layer;
Step 9: anchoring-bolt penetrates the second junked tire concrete unit, and self-tipping type anchor pole is connected with rock side-slope, completes the construction of multilamellar second gear wall unit;
Step 10: the Aggregate of recycled concrete made is injected in first gear wall unit and multilamellar second gear wall unit inside, completes the construction of retaining wall structure;
Step 11: inject mortar at retaining wall structure gap place, strengthens the internal tightness connected of retaining wall structure;
Step 12: erection template, is transversely close to retaining wall structure according to setpoint distance and arranges a support arrangement;
Step 13: the backfill earthwork。
10. the construction method of retaining wall structure as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, concretely comprising the following steps of described step 3: connector is inverted in the reserved connecting hole of base, and in reserved connecting hole, inject serosity, then the connecting hole of the first junked tire concrete unit and connector are connected, and with securing member, the first junked tire concrete unit and base are fastenedly connected。
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CN106638676A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-10 合肥学院 Gravity type soil retaining wall structure formed by waste tires and construction method of gravity type soil retaining wall structure
CN106759471A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 Arched retaining wall structure and its construction method that a kind of junked tire is constituted
CN110080281A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-02 山东大学 A kind of waste tire reinforcement-anchor draws combined type ecology retaining wall and construction method
CN112359780A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-02-12 江苏科技大学 Assembled tire sheet pile wall and construction method thereof

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CN106638676A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-10 合肥学院 Gravity type soil retaining wall structure formed by waste tires and construction method of gravity type soil retaining wall structure
CN106759471A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 Arched retaining wall structure and its construction method that a kind of junked tire is constituted
CN110080281A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-02 山东大学 A kind of waste tire reinforcement-anchor draws combined type ecology retaining wall and construction method
CN112359780A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-02-12 江苏科技大学 Assembled tire sheet pile wall and construction method thereof

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