CN105692338A - Power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled - Google Patents

Power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105692338A
CN105692338A CN201610114168.4A CN201610114168A CN105692338A CN 105692338 A CN105692338 A CN 105692338A CN 201610114168 A CN201610114168 A CN 201610114168A CN 105692338 A CN105692338 A CN 105692338A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
handle
base
support
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610114168.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高锐
Original Assignee
刘伟华
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘伟华 filed Critical 刘伟华
Priority to CN201610114168.4A priority Critical patent/CN105692338A/en
Priority to CN201310614956.6A priority patent/CN103588021B/en
Publication of CN105692338A publication Critical patent/CN105692338A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H57/00Guides for filamentary materials; Supports therefor
    • B65H57/14Pulleys, rollers, or rotary bars
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/06Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for laying cables, e.g. laying apparatus on vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H49/00Unwinding or paying-out filamentary material; Supporting, storing or transporting packages from which filamentary material is to be withdrawn or paid-out
    • B65H49/18Methods or apparatus in which packages rotate
    • B65H49/20Package-supporting devices
    • B65H49/28Turntables, i.e. package resting on a table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H57/00Guides for filamentary materials; Supports therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H61/00Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G11/00Arrangements of electric cables or lines between relatively-movable parts
    • H02G11/02Arrangements of electric cables or lines between relatively-movable parts using take-up reel or drum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/10Rollers
    • B65H2404/14Roller pairs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled. The power line erecting device comprises a base. A rotary disc is rotationally mounted on the base through a center shaft. The center shaft is sleeved with a handle in a sliding manner. A locking device is arranged between the handle and the center shaft. At least two supporting pieces capable of moving between the middle portion and the side portions of the rotary disc are in vertical drive connection with the handle through a connecting rod mechanism. Correction wheels arranged on the two sides of a cable output track at intervals are further mounted on the base. Travel sensors matched with the correction wheels are mounted on the base. A processor electrically connected with the travel sensors is further mounted on the base, and the output end of the processor is electrically connected with a displayer. The power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled of the structure is reasonable in structure, cable paying off can be assisted, the paid-off cables are straight in line type, the process can be operated with only one person, and time and labor are saved; and the length of the paid-off cables can be counted, and the power line erecting device is especially suitable for being used in the paying-off process of hard cables.

Description

The electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble。
Background technology
The groundwork of power system is erection or lays various supply line and ensure the normal power supply of each supply line, and the various electric control appliances that supply line is mainly connected by various power cables are constituted。Wherein, in electric control appliance, also erection has various power cable, and this power cable is material hardness, it is possible to be roughly divided into hard cable and soft cable。Soft cable be exactly the insulated hull of cable and core all soft, not easy-formation, be generally adapted carry out after stranded cable lashes sizing electrically connected。Contrary, hard cable be exactly the insulated hull of cable and core all relatively hard, break-in could be bent after general stress, it is easy to molding, general sub-thread hard cable can independently carry out electrically connected。Just because of above-mentioned difference, at present, in electric control appliance, hard cable replaces soft cable substantially。No matter use which kind of cable, be typically all when erection or laying cable, from along drum dish line direction, cable carried out unwrapping wire。Due to the special electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble useless, it is all be performed manually by unwrapping wire by workman during unwrapping wire, at least one people holds cable the end of a thread, additionally at least one people's rotational line reeler, so not only troublesome poeration, wastes time and energy, and the hard cable pulled out is not only not straight, and it is not aware that reality has released the cable of how much length, it is not convenient to use。In actual use, some workmans follow the line of least resistance, and can adopt axial for cable drum horizontal fixed placement, then pulls wire reeler inner ring or outer ring the end of a thread dish axial advancement along the line, thus realizing the purpose of high speed payout。The drawback of this unwrapping wire mode is in that the cable released is spiral helicine, not only it is unfavorable for that high-altitude is set up when erection or laying, also smooth threading in pipeline can be hindered, laying or after erection, hard cable distortion (being commonly called as torsion strength) can be caused, not only it is unfavorable for structural strength and the life-span of cable, is also unfavorable for the smooth transmission of electric power。
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is a kind of rational in infrastructure for above-mentioned not enough offer, can assist with cable unwrapping wire, the line style releasing cable is relatively straight, and a people just can operate, time saving and energy saving, and the electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble that the length releasing cable can be counted。
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, being structurally characterized in that of the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles: include base, base is provided with rotating disk by central axis, central shaft slides and is set with hands handle, locking device it is provided with between handle and central shaft, handle drives up and down by linkage that be connected to can at least two support member of movement in the middle part of rotating disk and between edge, base is also equipped with being disposed on the rectification wheel of cable output trajectory both sides, base is provided with and corrects the stroke sensor that wheel coordinates, base is also equipped with the processor electrically connected with stroke sensor, processor outfan is electrically connected with display。
The electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles be correct that structure realizes by the vertical swivel feeding structure of adjustable inner support and both sides roller can assist with cable unwrapping wire, the line style releasing cable is more straight, one people just can operate, time saving and energy saving, and the length releasing cable can be counted。
The vertical swivel feeding of adjustable inner support is in principle, being primarily referred to as hard cable drum is be supported fixing by inner support mode, its support degree is adjustable, namely can support the drum of different inner diameters, and drum is axially vertically disposed and carries out cable feeding by rotation mode, namely unwrapping wire。Structurally mainly include the rotating disk being arranged on base by vertical central axis, so, rotating disk just can under the support of central shaft, freely rotatable around central shaft above base。Sliding on central shaft and be set with handle, handle freely up and down can slide along central shaft。It is provided with locking device between handle and central shaft, is operated by locking device, it is possible to handle is positioned at the optional position of passed central shaft。Being provided with at least two support member on rotating disk, support member can slide in the middle part of rotating disk and between edge。Rotating disk and handle are linked together by linkage, so, when handle slides up and down along central shaft, handle will promote support member to move to rotating disk edge in the middle part of rotating disk by linkage, referred to as outer, otherwise, support member is then pulled to be moved to middle part by rotating disk edge, referred to as inside contracting。Therefore, by adjusting handle height on center shaft, it is possible to control or adjust support member in rotating disk position radially, the degree namely controlling outside support member or inside contracting。The quantity of support member is set at least two, and when moving handle, handle will drive each support member synchronization action, so can ensure that outer or inside contract the consistent of the amount of feeding。
In use, first hard cable drum is installed to outside all support members along central axle sleeve, then by release lever and central shaft, and along central axial lower driving handle。Now, handle can promote support member close to drum inwall by linkage。When support member withstands on drum inwall and compresses, locking on center shaft by handle by locking device, now, drum is fixed on rotating disk or central shaft because of the brace type clamping of support member。Because the action that each support member is under handle drives is consistent, therefore can ensure that drum is clamped rear and central axis。Even if the movement of each support member is not completely the same, after opening outside stress, it is ensured that the brace type of drum is fixedly clamped。Now drum and central shaft are not coaxial, but do not affect cable unwrapping wire。When needing unwrapping wire, by outside for the cable head outside drum tractive, drum can being driven around central axis by drum, such drum will drive the outside feeding of cable in outside while stress rotates, namely outside unwrapping wire。
Unwrapping wire is complete, releases handle locking, and along central axial pull-up fixed handle, now each support member moves to central shaft under handle drives, namely starts to inside contract。When support member is away from drum inwall, handle is locked on center shaft by locking device, now can easily residue drum be taken off from rotating disk。When next time uses, directly drum is installed to outside all support members and repeated said process along central axle sleeve, operate very simple。Because drum be have employed by the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles can open outward the structure that is fixedly clamped that can inside contract, therefore the drum of various internal diameters can being clamped fixing and unwrapping wire, versatility is better。
Both sides roller is corrected structure and is referred to that the cable both sides from drum output are provided with roller and correct structure, while output cord, cable is carried out roller extruding, thus realizing correcting output cord line style, output cord is made to keep linear type or close to linear effect。Structurally, mainly including the rectification wheel being arranged on base, correct wheel and lay respectively at the both sides of cable output trajectory, the rectification wheel of every side is responsible for that the cable part of this side carries out extruding and is corrected。When cable corrects traverse between wheel from both sides, if there is bending or deformation in cable, this part cable will be extruded to correct its shape by the rectification wheel of respective side, and the hands being equivalent to have a pair of to slide smoothes out with the fingers straight line cable constantly, contributes to the line style that cable output is more straight。
Base is also equipped with stroke sensor, the Main Function of stroke sensor be to correct take turns into rotation mileage be monitored, namely the length of output cord is detected, and mileage number is sent to processor process。Processor outfan is electrically connected with display, and mileage number is shown by processor by display, namely releases the length of cable, very intuitively。The electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles in use, only need to by cable from conical tube, correct wheel pull out, operation very simply, a people and operable, substantially increase work efficiency。
As a kind of implementation, described locking device includes the chute being axially disposed within central shaft outer wall, the inner space of chute and central shaft, the internal chamber wall of chute both sides is evenly equipped with positioning tooth, handle is provided with the button extending in inner chamber, button the inner is provided with the locating detent coordinated with positioning tooth, and handle is provided with the spring that locating detent compresses positioning tooth。
Because chute is axially extending along central shaft, while therefore can ensure that handle moves axially along central shaft, handle extends into the button in chute and also can move axially along central shaft simultaneously。Positioning tooth on the internal chamber wall of chute both sides and the inner locating detent of button are the critical components of this locking device, and both are pressed together under the effect of spring force, are namely relatively fixed together。After locating detent and positioning tooth are fixed, handle has also just been fixed on central shaft by the button being connected with locating detent, is also achieved that the locking positioning effect to handle and central shaft。When needing to unlock, only need to pressing button to central axis direction, button can overcome spring force to drive the remotely located tooth of locating detent, and now locating detent and positioning tooth do not have the interaction of any power, are in free state namely latch-release, operate very simple。
As a kind of implementation, described linkage includes the driving lever that upper end is hinged with the hinged lower end of handle and support member, and driving lever upper end is arranged away from inclined near central shaft, lower end。
Because driving lever two ends are all hinged relationship with handle and support member, therefore handle not only can be made to transmit the force to support member by driving lever, the transformation to the horizontal direction power driving support member to move horizontally in the middle part of rotating disk of the handle vertically upper and lower power namely the break-in of power can also be realized with edge by hinged matching relationship。Driving lever is made above-mentioned being obliquely installed, can ensure that handle can only drive support member to move in the upper link point periphery of driving lever, avoid because of driving lever vertical time, namely during upper lower link point vertical alignment, support member cannot be driven to move because there is no angular force component, namely enter driving dead angle, also effectively prevent that driving lever upper end is outward-dipping, lower end inwardly (central shaft) tilts, and cause that support member can only be driven to inside contract can not drive the drawback opened outside support member, that is to say the drawback of the drum that can not be fixedly clamped。
As improvement, rotating disk is provided with and moves horizontally the slideway that track is corresponding with support member, is provided with and can only slide along slideway and the slide bar affixed with support member bottom in slideway。
Because slide bar can only slide axially along slideway, and slideway is corresponding due to the motion track of support member script, therefore slide bar and support member affixed after, not only can provide, for support member, the support consolidated, also the support member stable support to drum is ensured that, and support member can be made to open outside fixing direction or inside contract, namely not easily it is partial to, it is ensured that the dependability of the whole electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble。
As improvement, correct the base between wheel and rotating disk and be provided with highly different on drum and that outbound course is different cable is automatically adjusted to take turns, with correcting, the device for regulating direction that corresponding cable track is consistent。
Drum is typically all circular, all has thickness, and after being installed on rotating disk, drum is just provided with certain altitude, and this results in the direction when cable on each height outwards exports or angle is different。Because the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles has the rectification wheel that cable line style is adjusted, therefore to the cable after making rectification wheel correct has more straight line style, the cable track between rotating disk and rectification wheel must be provided with cable track is carried out the device of tuning。The Main Function of device for regulating direction, it is exactly by the cable of output on differing heights drum position, namely the different cable of input direction carries out tuning, so as to identical or be input to close to identical input direction or angle between rectification wheel, the more linear cable of output can be contributed to when output。It is obvious that when device for regulating direction output cord direction and correct wheel between cable direction in the same direction time, auxiliaring effect is best。
As a kind of implementation, described device for regulating direction includes the horn-like conical tube that entrance larger outlet is less, and in the middle part of conical tube inwall, uniform ring is provided with to roll with cable and coordinates tuning roller。
Because that to be entrance larger outlet less is horn-like for conical tube, therefore conical tube inwall is to inside contract gradually and rounding off。When the cable on drum penetrates between rectification wheel through conical tube, even if the outbound course of differing heights cable or angle are different on drum, guiding or adjustment through conical tube rounding off inwall, capital becomes same direction or angle from conical tube outlet output, namely consistent with the cable course bearing corrected between wheel。So, even if coil diameter, highly difference, after conical tube tuning, can ensure that each drum cable in the same direction or angle input correct wheel between, not only versatility is higher, also function to the preliminary shaping to cable, made rectification wheel that the secondary of cable to be corrected more easily and smooth and easy, contribute to the cable that finally output line style is more straight。Because conical tube is the horn-like of rounding off, therefore in the middle part of conical tube inwall, (vertically) is maximum to the force of cable tuning, herein that the frictional force of cable is also maximum, is unfavorable for the integrity insulated in cable top layer。In the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles, being provided with tuning roller in the middle part of conical tube inwall, the quantity of tuning roller is multiple, and in the middle part of conical tube inwall, annular is arranged, and the rotation direction of tuning roller matches with cable moving direction。So, cable is in the middle part of conical tube time, and tuning roller will by roll mode and cable contact and carry out tuning, and frictional force to cable when substantially reducing tuning, not only cable moves more smooth and easy, also ensure that the integrity of cable insulation layer。
As improvement, on the inwall of conical tube entrance and exit also uniform ring be provided with cable roll coordinate tuning roller。
After conical tube entrance and exit inwall arranges tuning roller, it is possible to be greatly reduced the conical tube entrance and exit frictional force to cable, operation principle and act on similar to the above, not described in detail herein。
As further improvement, in the middle of described tuning roller, thinner two ends are relatively thick, and each adjacent tuning roller head and the tail are butted into the ring that inner ring is circle。
Tuning roller is set to that thinner two ends, middle part are relatively thick and rounding off, namely the axial profile line of tuning roller is arranged to the convex camber line in middle concave two ends or segmental arc。Because adjacent tuning roller is all that docking and ring are located on conical tube inwall successively, therefore, inside each tuning roller, axial contour line can be connected into a circle, say, that each segmental arc can connect into a ring body, and this ring body is circular。So, for the ring body inner ring that each tuning roller is constituted, it is equivalent to the collars of a seamless connection。Therefore, no matter from the cable in which direction or angle entrance conical tube, one or two tuning roller of correspondence is had to be rotatably assorted with it, it is ensured that the integrity on the smoothness that cable moves and insulation top layer。
As a kind of implementation, the Hall element that described stroke sensor includes being arranged on base corrects magnetic piece corresponding with Hall element in wheel rotating shaft with being installed in。
When correcting wheel rotation, can trigger once to Hall element with the magnetic piece each rotation correcting wheel coaxial rotation, such processor just can pass through Hall element record and correct the number of turns of wheel, then it is multiplied by the girth correcting wheel and just can calculate the stroke correcting wheel rotation, the length that namely cable is released。Hall element is a kind of conventional sensor, and its structure and operation principle belong to known technology, not described in detail herein。
As improvement, the cable left and right sides is provided with rectification wheel, and the upper and lower both sides of cable also are provided with correcting wheel。
Correcting of the cable left and right sides is taken turns and can cable bending in the lateral direction or deformation be corrected, and correcting of the upper and lower both sides of cable is taken turns and can the bending on cable above-below direction or deformation be corrected, and so can ensure that cable can export more straight line style。
In sum, adopt the electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble of this structure, rational in infrastructure, can assist with cable unwrapping wire, the line style releasing cable is relatively straight, and a people just can operate, time saving and energy saving, and the length releasing cable can be counted, use when being particularly suitable for hard cable unwrapping wire。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the fit structure schematic diagram of conical tube and tuning roller。
Detailed description of the invention
As it can be seen, the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles mainly includes a vertical swivel feeding structure of adjustable inner support and a both sides roller corrects structure。Wherein, the vertical swivel feeding structure of adjustable inner support is in principle, refer to that hard cable drum is to be supported fixing by the mode of inner support drum inner ring, its support degree is adjustable, namely can support the drum of different inner diameters, and drum is axially vertically disposed and carries out cable 7 feeding by rotation mode, namely unwrapping wire。Structurally mainly include the rotating disk 3 being rotatably installed on base 1 by vertical central shaft 2, so, rotating disk 3 just can under the support of central shaft 2, freely rotatable around central shaft 2 above base 1。Sliding on central shaft 2 and be set with handle 4, handle 4 is circular tube shaped, it is possible to freely up and down slide along central shaft。It is provided with locking device between handle and central shaft, is operated by locking device, it is possible to handle 4 is positioned at the optional position of passed central shaft 2。Rotating disk 3 is provided with at least two support member 6, is provided with three in the present embodiment, figure illustrate only two therein。Support member 6 can slide in the middle part of rotating disk 3 and between edge, namely slides near central axis direction to away from central axis direction。Rotating disk 3 and handle 4 are linked together by linkage 5, so, when handle 4 slides up and down along central shaft 2, handle will promote support member to move to rotating disk edge in the middle part of rotating disk by linkage 5, referred to as outer, otherwise, then support member is pulled to be moved to middle part by rotating disk edge, referred to as inside contracting。Therefore, by adjusting handle height on center shaft, it is possible to control or adjust support member in rotating disk position radially, the degree namely controlling outside support member or inside contracting。The quantity of support member is set to three, and when moving handle, handle will drive each support member synchronization action, so can ensure that outer or inside contracts the consistent of the amount of feeding, namely ensure the drum after fixing and central axis。
Rotating disk 3 is provided with and moves horizontally slideway corresponding to track 19 with support member 6, and the cross section of slideway 19 is del wide at the top and narrow at the bottom or inverted trapezoidal。It is provided with in slideway 19 and can only slide along slideway and the slide bar 20 affixed with support member bottom。Because slide bar 20 can only slide axially along slideway 19, and slideway 19 is corresponding due to the motion track of support member 6 script, therefore slide bar and support member affixed after, not only can provide, for support member 6, the support consolidated, also the support member stable support to drum is ensured that, and support member 6 can be made to open outside fixing direction or inside contract, namely not easily it is partial to, it is ensured that the dependability of the whole electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble。
In use, first hard cable drum is installed to all support members 6 along central shaft 2 set outside, then by release lever 4 and central shaft 2, and push down on handle 4 along central shaft 2。Now, handle can promote support member close to drum inwall by linkage 5。When support member withstands on drum inwall and compresses, locking on center shaft by handle by locking device, now, drum is fixed on rotating disk 3 or central shaft 2 because of the brace type clamping of support member 6。Because the action that each support member is under handle drives is consistent, therefore can ensure that drum is clamped rear and central axis。Even if the movement of each support member is not completely the same, after opening outside stress, it is ensured that the brace type of drum is fixedly clamped。Now drum is not coaxial with central shaft 2, but does not affect cable 7 unwrapping wire。When needing unwrapping wire, by outside for the cable head outside drum tractive, drum can being driven around central axis by drum, such drum will drive the outside feeding of cable in outside while stress rotates, namely outside unwrapping wire。
Unwrapping wire is complete, releases handle 4 and locks, and pulls up handle 4 along central shaft 2, and now each support member 6 moves to central shaft under handle drives, namely starts to inside contract。When support member is away from drum inwall, handle is locked on central shaft 2 by locking device, now can easily residue drum be taken off from rotating disk。When next time uses, directly drum is installed to outside all support members and repeated said process along central axle sleeve, operate very simple。Because drum be have employed by the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles can open outward the structure that is fixedly clamped that can inside contract, therefore the drum of various internal diameters can being clamped fixing and unwrapping wire, versatility is better。
Both sides roller is corrected structure and is referred to that cable 7 both sides from drum output are provided with roller and correct structure, while output cord 7, cable 7 is carried out roller extruding, thus realizing correcting output cord line style, output cord is made to keep linear type or close to linear effect。Structurally, mainly including the rectification wheel 8 being arranged on base 1, correct wheel 8 and lay respectively at the both sides of cable 7 output trajectory, the rectification wheel 8 of every side is responsible for that the cable part of this side carries out extruding and is corrected。When cable corrects traverse between wheel from both sides, if there is bending or deformation in cable, this part cable will be extruded to correct its shape by the rectification wheel of respective side, and the hands being equivalent to have a pair of to slide smoothes out with the fingers straight line cable constantly, contributes to the line style that cable output is more straight。In the present embodiment, cable 7 left and right sides is provided with rectification wheel 8, and cable about 7 both sides also are provided with correcting wheel 8。Correcting of the cable left and right sides is taken turns and can cable bending in the lateral direction or deformation be corrected, and correcting of the upper and lower both sides of cable is taken turns and can the bending on cable above-below direction or deformation be corrected, and so can ensure that cable can export more straight line style。
Base 1 is also equipped with stroke sensor 9, the Main Function of stroke sensor 9 be to correct take turns into rotation mileage be monitored, namely the length of output cord is detected。Being also equipped with the processor 10 electrically connected with stroke sensor 9 on base 1, stroke sensor 9 can send mileage number to processor 10 and process。Processor 10 outfan is electrically connected with display 11, and mileage number is shown by processor by display, namely releases the length of cable, very intuitively。The electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles in use, only need to by cable from conical tube, correct wheel pull out, operation very simply, a people and operable, substantially increase work efficiency。
In the present embodiment, locking device includes the chute 12 being axially disposed within central shaft 2 outer wall, chute 12 and the inner space of central shaft 2, and the internal chamber wall of chute 12 both sides is evenly equipped with positioning tooth 14。Being provided with the button 15 extended in inner chamber 13 on handle 4, button 15 the inner is provided with the locating detent 16 coordinated with positioning tooth 14, and handle 4 is provided with the spring 17 that locating detent compresses positioning tooth。Because chute 12 is axially extending along central shaft, while therefore can ensure that handle moves axially along central shaft, handle 4 extends into the button 15 in chute 12 and also can move axially along central shaft simultaneously。Positioning tooth 14 on the internal chamber wall of chute 12 both sides and the inner locating detent 16 of button are the critical components of this locking device, and both are pressed together under the effect of spring 17 elastic force, are namely relatively fixed together。After locating detent and positioning tooth are fixed, handle has also just been fixed on central shaft by the button being connected with locating detent, is also achieved that the locking positioning effect to handle and central shaft。When needing to unlock, only need to pressing button to central axis direction, button can overcome spring force to drive the remotely located tooth of locating detent, and now locating detent and positioning tooth do not have the interaction of any power, are in free state namely latch-release, operate very simple。
In the present embodiment, linkage 5 includes the driving lever 18 that upper end is hinged with the hinged lower end of handle 4 and support member 6, and driving lever 18 upper end is arranged away from inclined near central shaft, lower end。Because driving lever 18 two ends are all hinged relationship with handle 4 and support member 6, therefore handle not only can be made to transmit the force to support member by driving lever, the transformation to the horizontal direction power driving support member to move horizontally in the middle part of rotating disk of the handle vertically upper and lower power namely the break-in of power can also be realized with edge by hinged matching relationship。Driving lever 18 is made above-mentioned being obliquely installed, can ensure that handle 4 can only drive support member 6 to move in the upper link point periphery of driving lever 18, avoid because of driving lever 18 vertical time, namely during upper lower link point vertical alignment, support member 6 cannot be driven to move because there is no angular force component, namely enter driving dead angle, also effectively prevent that driving lever 18 upper end is outward-dipping, lower end inwardly (central shaft) tilts, and cause that support member can only be driven to inside contract can not drive the drawback opened outside support member, that is to say the drawback of the drum that can not be fixedly clamped。
In the present embodiment, the base 1 corrected between wheel 8 and rotating disk 3 is provided with highly different on drum and that outbound course is different cable is automatically adjusted to take turns, with correcting, the device for regulating direction that corresponding cable track is consistent。Drum is typically all circular, all has thickness, and after being installed on rotating disk, drum is just provided with certain altitude, and direction or angle when this cable 7 resulted on each height outwards exports are different。Because the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles has the rectification wheel 8 that cable line style is adjusted, therefore to make the cable 7 after rectification wheel 8 correction have more straight line style, the cable track between rotating disk 3 and rectification wheel 8 must be provided with cable track is carried out the device of tuning。The Main Function of device for regulating direction, it is exactly by the cable 7 of output on differing heights drum position, namely the different cable of input direction carries out tuning, so as to identical or be input to close to identical input direction or angle between rectification wheel, the more linear cable of output can be contributed to when output。It is obvious that when device for regulating direction output cord direction and correct wheel between cable direction in the same direction time, auxiliaring effect is best。
Device for regulating direction includes the horn-like conical tube 21 that entrance larger outlet is less, and in the middle part of conical tube 21 inwall, uniform ring is provided with to roll with cable and coordinates tuning roller 22。Because horn-like less in entrance larger outlet of conical tube 21, therefore conical tube 21 inwall is to inside contract gradually and rounding off。When the cable on drum penetrates between rectification wheel through conical tube 21, even if the outbound course of differing heights cable or angle are different on drum, guiding or adjustment through conical tube 21 rounding off inwall, capital becomes same direction or angle from conical tube 21 outlet output, namely consistent with the cable course bearing corrected between wheel 8。So, even if coil diameter, highly difference, after conical tube 21 tuning, can ensure that each drum cable in the same direction or angle input correct wheel between, not only versatility is higher, also function to the preliminary shaping to cable 7, made rectification wheel that the secondary of cable 7 to be corrected or shaping is more easily with smooth and easy, contribute to the cable that finally output line style is more straight。Because conical tube is the horn-like of rounding off, therefore in the middle part of conical tube inwall, (vertically) is maximum to the force of cable tuning, herein that the frictional force of cable is also maximum, is unfavorable for the integrity insulated in cable top layer。In the electric lines of force stringer that instinct freely assembles, being provided with tuning roller 22 in the middle part of conical tube inwall, the quantity of tuning roller 22 is multiple, and in the middle part of conical tube 21 inwall, annular is arranged, and the rotation direction of tuning roller matches with cable moving direction。So, cable is in the middle part of conical tube time, and tuning roller will by roll mode and cable contact and carry out tuning, and frictional force to cable when substantially reducing tuning, not only cable moves more smooth and easy, also ensure that the integrity of cable insulation layer。
On the inwall of conical tube entrance and exit, also uniform ring is provided with to roll with cable and coordinates tuning roller 22, so can be greatly reduced the conical tube entrance and exit frictional force to cable, operation principle and act on similar to the above, not described in detail herein。
As in figure 2 it is shown, thinner two ends are relatively thick in the middle of tuning roller 22, each adjacent tuning roller 22 head and the tail are butted into the ring that inner ring is circle。Tuning roller is set to that thinner two ends, middle part are relatively thick and rounding off, namely the axial profile line of tuning roller is arranged to the convex camber line in middle concave two ends or segmental arc。Because adjacent tuning roller is all that docking and ring are located on conical tube inwall successively, therefore, inside each tuning roller, axial contour line can be connected into a circle, say, that each segmental arc can connect into a ring body, and this ring body is circular。So, for the ring body inner ring that each tuning roller is constituted, it is equivalent to the collars of a seamless connection。Therefore, no matter from the cable in which direction or angle entrance conical tube, one or two tuning roller of correspondence is had to be rotatably assorted with it, it is ensured that the integrity on the smoothness that cable moves and insulation top layer。
In the present embodiment, the Hall element 23 that stroke sensor 9 includes being arranged on base corrects magnetic piece 24 corresponding with Hall element 23 in wheel rotating shaft with being installed in。When correcting wheel 8 rotation, can trigger once to Hall element 23 with magnetic piece 24 each rotation correcting wheel 8 coaxial rotation, such processor 10 just can pass through Hall element 23 record and correct the number of turns of wheel, then it is multiplied by the girth correcting wheel and just can calculate the stroke correcting wheel rotation, the length that namely cable is released。Hall element is a kind of conventional sensor, and its structure and operation principle belong to known technology, not described in detail herein。

Claims (2)

1. the electric lines of force stringer that a kind can freely assemble, it is characterized in that: include base (1), base (1) is rotatablely equipped with rotating disk (3) by central shaft (2), the upper slip of central shaft (2) is set with handle (4), it is provided with locking device between handle (4) and central shaft, handle (4) driven up and down by linkage (5) be connected to can between rotating disk (3) middle part and edge at least two support member (6) of movement, base (1) is also equipped with being disposed on rectification wheel (8) of cable (7) output trajectory both sides, base (1) is provided with and corrects the stroke sensor (9) that wheel (8) coordinates, base (1) is also equipped with the processor (10) electrically connected with stroke sensor (9), processor (10) outfan is electrically connected with display (11), correct the base (1) between wheel (8) and rotating disk (3) be provided with by drum highly difference and the different cable of outbound course is automatically adjusted to the device for regulating direction consistent with correcting wheel (8) corresponding cable track, Hall element (23) that described stroke sensor (9) includes being arranged on base (1) and be installed in and correct magnetic piece (24) corresponding with Hall element (23) in wheel (8) rotating shaft。
2. the electric lines of force stringer that can freely assemble as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the cable left and right sides is provided with rectification wheel, and the upper and lower both sides of cable also are provided with correcting wheel。
CN201610114168.4A 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled Pending CN105692338A (en)

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CN201310614956.6A CN103588021B (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Hard-cable paying-off device

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CN201610114166.5A Pending CN105633861A (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Labor-saving auxiliary device for line laying
CN201610114164.6A Pending CN105540325A (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Cable-laying assisting device suitable for field construction
CN201610114168.4A Pending CN105692338A (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Power line erecting device capable of being freely assembled

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CN201610114166.5A Pending CN105633861A (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Labor-saving auxiliary device for line laying
CN201610114164.6A Pending CN105540325A (en) 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Cable-laying assisting device suitable for field construction

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CN105633861A (en) 2016-06-01
CN105540325A (en) 2016-05-04
CN103588021B (en) 2016-04-13

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