CN105688448B - Degreasing bath remove oil-cleaning system - Google Patents

Degreasing bath remove oil-cleaning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105688448B
CN105688448B CN201610278956.7A CN201610278956A CN105688448B CN 105688448 B CN105688448 B CN 105688448B CN 201610278956 A CN201610278956 A CN 201610278956A CN 105688448 B CN105688448 B CN 105688448B
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chamber
oil
liquid
central siphon
water
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CN105688448A (en
Inventor
王海军
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China Automobile Industry Engineering Co Ltd
Scivic Engineering Corp
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China Automobile Industry Engineering Co Ltd
Scivic Engineering Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/0208Separation of non-miscible liquids by sedimentation
    • B01D17/0214Separation of non-miscible liquids by sedimentation with removal of one of the phases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/0208Separation of non-miscible liquids by sedimentation
    • B01D17/0211Separation of non-miscible liquids by sedimentation with baffles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/04Breaking emulsions
    • B01D17/042Breaking emulsions by changing the temperature

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Removal Of Floating Material (AREA)

Abstract

Oil-cleaning system is removed the invention discloses a kind of degreasing bath, including unpowered gauche form oil skimmer and the oily-water seperating equipment being arranged in degreasing bath, described oil skimmer includes at least one right side and is formed with the deflection barrel of inlet and the central siphon being fixedly installed on below liquid level, and described central siphon one end is communicated to outside other end closing;Described central siphon runs through described deflection barrel middle and lower part and described deflection barrel can freely be rotated relative to central siphon in vertical direction, and slit is offered on the tube wall that described central siphon is located in deflection barrel.The present invention being arranged on respect to the less liquid inlet of wave by isolated area and being eliminated the fluctuation surged by flow distribution plate, upper strata is only collected simultaneously contains the more liquid of grease, effectively improve the fluid collecting effect of oil skimmer, improve overall deoiling effect, and without thing loss, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

Degreasing bath remove oil-cleaning system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of automobile manufacture, more particularly to a kind of degreasing bath removes oil-cleaning system.
Background technology
Painting dressing automobiles pre-treatment is important production line, and degreasing is primary critical process, good in order to obtain Coating quality, meet degreaser in the requirement of coating corrosion resistance and decorative appearance, degreasing bath using a period of time Afterwards, many oil slick or oil particles are had, and fat content is only in thousands of ppm or so, but its shadow to the quality of production Sound but can not be ignored, and this is accomplished by carrying out degreaser water-oil separating, and traditional water-oil separating typically utilizes pump adsorption surface liquid Layer sets branch road to obtain liquid in circulation line and water-oil separating is carried out to it, but because of liquid fluctuating in degreasing bath Greatly, cause the fat content in the liquid or circulation line that pumping takes very low, cause actually active oil removal rate relatively low, cause energy Source is wasted.
The content of the invention
Taken out in view of the technical drawbacks of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide one kind can effectively improve grease Arrange the oil removal treatment system of the degreasing bath of effect.
To realize that the technical scheme that the purpose of the present invention is used is:
A kind of degreasing bath removes oil-cleaning system, including unpowered gauche form oil skimmer and the profit being arranged in degreasing bath Separator, described oil skimmer includes at least one right side and is formed with the deflection barrel of inlet and is fixedly installed on below liquid level Central siphon, described central siphon one end is communicated to the closing of the outside other end;Described central siphon through described deflection barrel middle and lower part and Described deflection barrel can freely be rotated relative to central siphon in vertical direction, be offered on the tube wall that described central siphon is located in deflection barrel Slit, described central siphon is through suction pump or overflow to oily-water seperating equipment, and described oily-water seperating equipment includes what is set gradually Heating demulsification type chamber, water-oil separating chamber and collecting mechanism, described heating demulsification type bottom of chamber portion or side bottom are formed with inlet, plus Heat demulsification chamber is internally provided with heater;Liquid flooding after heating demulsification type enters water-oil separating chamber, the floating of water-oil separating chamber Hydrorrhea flows into collecting mechanism, and the lower clear liquid of described water-oil separating chamber is flow automatically or pumping is back to degreasing bath.
On the outside of the strip liquid outlet of upper supernatant liquid of the described collecting mechanism including being arranged on water-oil separating chamber and obliquely The deflector of extension, is fixedly installed on the sump of described liquid outlet side, and the oil-collecting being fixedly installed in described sump Storehouse, described collection bunker and the side plate and upper end edge at the top of water-oil separating chamber holding predetermined space and the side plate of liquid outlet sides adjacent Tiltedly upper extension is formed with bending section and upper side edge of the upper side edge less than deflector of the bending section in direction away from liquid outlet, described Deflector and bending it is intersegmental be formed with gap and/or described deflector lower end is formed with slit, upper supernatant liquid enters deflector The fluid floated with bending after intersegmental overflows across bending section and enters collection bunker, and the clear liquid of sinking enters water through described gap or slit Simultaneously overflowed from the fluting on the wall of sump side in storehouse.
Described water-oil separating chamber includes the filler disengagement chamber and swash plate disengagement chamber that overflow successively is set.
Described oily-water seperating equipment includes cuboid-type housing, and housing cavity body is divided into composition to add by two vertical clapboards The right chamber of heat demulsification chamber, the lumen for constituting filler disengagement chamber, and left chamber, described left chamber is divided into by partition panel to be separated with filler The swash plate disengagement chamber and clear liquid chamber of chamber overflow connection, described sump are arranged on described clear liquid intracavitary, described filler point Bottom and swash plate disengagement chamber bottom from chamber are connected to the sleeve pipe of clear liquid chamber by the road respectively, are set on the side wall of described sump Have fluting, be fixedly installed at described fluting above and below adjustable for height water fender, described water fender it is adjustable with adjust lead The oil water surface of plate and bending section is flowed, the lower clear liquid of described clear liquid intracavitary is flow automatically or pumping is back to degreasing bath.
Limiting plate is fixedly installed on described central siphon, stopper slot is formed with described limiting plate, described The gag lever post being limited in described stopper slot is correspondingly provided with deflection barrel.
Deflection barrel includes right chamber, lumen and the left chamber being connected, and described right chamber is square tube shape, before described left chamber includes Back side panel and rear arc plate, described lumen connect left chamber and rectangular in cross-section with right chamber, described lumen upper end and the right side Chamber is flushed, and lower end is downwardly projecting with respect to right chamber and is flushed with left chamber, and described central siphon is arranged on lumen bottom.
Described degreasing bath is provided with longitudinal baffle to constitute isolated area in left end prelaminar part, right in described longitudinal baffle Side is provided with the flow distribution plate that middle part is protruded to the right, and described flow distribution plate top is higher than before liquid level predetermined altitude, described flow distribution plate Two ends remain with oil inlet passage with degreasing groove sidewall afterwards, and described longitudinal baffle is provided with out with described oil inlet passage corresponding position Groove, described oil skimmer is arranged on described isolated area.
Described degreasing bath left end has been protrudedly formed extension to the left, and described midfeather is arranged on described extension Section.
Washboard is fixedly installed on described flow distribution plate top, the right edge of described washboard is divided relative to described Stream plate is curved to the right or knuckle shape is protruded.
Described washboard is arranged on liquid level 4-8cm, and described washboard right-hand member is tilted down.With prior art phase Than, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention is arranged on the relative less liquid inlet of wave and by flow distribution plate by the fluctuation surged by isolated area Eliminate, while only collecting upper strata contains the more liquid of grease, effectively improve the fluid collecting effect of oil skimmer, improve entirety Deoiling effect, and without thing loss, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction.Wherein deflection barrel of the invention is poor using the liquid level in deflection barrel, Realize the self-balancing of deflection barrel and ensure that inlet is located at below liquid level at several millimeters, the water that effectively control enters in deflection barrel Content, increases the extraction effect that grease is floated to top layer, meanwhile, when outside level change, with good adaptability and very In the small relaxation time, it can effectively meet the use requirement of degreasing bath.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show the structural representation of the degreasing bath of the present invention;
Fig. 2 show partial side schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 show local overlooking schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 show the cross section structure schematic diagram of the unpowered gauche form oil skimmer of the present invention;
Fig. 5 show the oil skimmer structural representation of operating conditions;
Fig. 6 show the torque analysis schematic diagram that deflection barrel deadweight is produced;
Fig. 7 show the torque analysis schematic diagram of buoyancy generation;
Fig. 8 show the overlooking the structure diagram of the oily-water seperating equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 show the cross-sectional view of oily-water seperating equipment;
Figure 10 show the structural representation of left chamber.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.It should be appreciated that described herein Specific embodiment only to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
The oil-cleaning system that removes of the degreasing bath of the present invention includes the oil skimmer being arranged in degreasing bath, is skimmed by oil skimmer Liquid enter described oily-water seperating equipment, the set location difference of wherein oily-water seperating equipment is divided into two classes, a class be by The liquid flooding that oil skimmer is collected enters oily-water seperating equipment, and the liquid water branch lease making after processing is by being pumped back to degreasing bath, separately A kind of is the oily-water seperating equipment that the liquid flooding for collecting oil skimmer is pumped directly into top, the liquid water branch lease making after processing Pipeline overflow returns to degreasing bath.
For ease of effectively collecting the supernatant layer grease in degreasing bath, the present invention is improved for degreasing bath, specifically such as Shown in Fig. 1-3, the left end prelaminar part of degreasing bath 1 is provided with longitudinal baffle 2 and is constituted liquid not with the degreasing slot space on relative right side The isolated area that can be directly entered, is provided with point that the curved or knuckle shape in middle part is protruded to the right on the right side of described longitudinal baffle Plate 3 is flowed, described flow distribution plate top is higher than liquid level predetermined altitude, generally greater than liquid level 4-8cm, described flow distribution plate rear and front end Oil inlet passage is remained with degreasing groove sidewall, described longitudinal baffle is provided with fluting to permit with described oil inlet passage corresponding position Perhaps the liquid of edge side enters isolated area;Isolated area is set in the left end of degreasing bath, i.e. vehicle upstream end, the isolated area will can take off Liquid in fat groove is separated, and prevents from fluctuating the liquid level acute variation for directly resulting in isolated area during vehicles while passing, meanwhile, utilize convexity Flow distribution plate, the guiding of surging caused of vehicles while passing is dissipated, and the grease after the grease that upper surface is floated and emulsification Etc. being collected to its both sides, and enter isolated area via the oil inlet passage and fluting of both sides, it is preferable that the described left end of degreasing bath 1 Extension 6 has been protrudedly formed to the left, described midfeather is arranged on described extension, lengthen formula design, weaken left part Surge, then using point leading screening design, by top layer containing the most part guiding of grease, collect and flow into isolated area, have Effect raising is deoiled effect, while improving the operating efficiency of follow-up oil skimmer.
Wherein, the present invention is in description, and using the left and right directions shown in Fig. 1 as longitudinal direction, i.e. the length direction of degreasing bath is vertical To so that as laterally, i.e., using degreasing bath width as laterally, described flow distribution plate is laterally positioned in longitudinally perpendicular direction At liquid level.
Preferably, dipped down on described flow distribution plate upper water level land or right side and be tiltedly fixedly installed washboard 4, institute The right edge for the washboard stated is protruded to the right relative to described flow distribution plate, and the washboard protruded forward using relative flow distribution plate is set Meter, is prevented effectively from surge impact and produces waves splash about phenomenon, it is to avoid liquid overflows, improve working environment, and avoid liquid Body is directly entered isolated area.Multiple oil skimmers can directly be disposed on isolated area, be skimmed while being set on isolated area top with each The corresponding upper lid 5 of oily device, by way of being covered top, it is to avoid liquid is directly entered isolated area.
The present invention is arranged on the relative less liquid inlet of wave and by flow distribution plate by the fluctuation surged by isolated area Eliminate, while only collecting upper strata contains the more liquid of grease, effectively improve the fluid collecting effect of oil skimmer, improve entirety Deoiling effect, and without thing loss, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Although fat content several times higher than in degreasing bath even tens of hundreds of times in the profit in isolated area, still Seldom, to improve the profit collecting effect in isolated area, as illustrated in figures 4-5, unpowered gauche form oil skimmer of the invention includes Right side is formed with the deflection barrel 11 of inlet 110 and is fixedly installed on the central siphon 12 below liquid level, described central siphon one by support End is communicated to outside other end closing;Described central siphon is through described deflection barrel middle and lower part and described deflection barrel can relative axle Pipe is freely rotated, and offers slit 13 on the tube wall that described central siphon is located in deflection barrel, it is preferable that described central siphon is through suction Pump and ft connection, also reliable gravity realizes that liquid self-flowing goes out in deflection barrel certainly.Wherein, when deflection barrel be in liquid in, partially The inlet of turning barrel is flushed with liquid level, or during the preset distance under liquid level, such as 1-10mm, described deflection barrel self gravitation Torque with respect to central siphon is that counterclockwise, the cavity on the left of described deflection barrel is downwardly projected to increase with respect to the cavity on right side Left side buoyancy torque, buoyancy torque is clockwise, i.e., the Balancing relization operating conditions of gravity torque and buoyancy torque is certainly flat Weighing apparatus.
Wherein, described deflection barrel is the cavity structure of right openings, it is preferable that the left end of deflection barrel is arc surface structure, And cross-sectional area is more than the cross-sectional area of right-end openings side, i.e. when lower side and the liquid level of inlet remain basically stable, or feed liquor When the lower side of mouth is located at 3-10mm, such as 5mm below liquid level, the cylinder gravity of deflection barrel itself is with respect to the turning moment of central siphon Counterclockwise, because the liquid in deflection barrel can be continuously outflowed, the liquid level in deflection barrel can be less than the liquid level outside deflection barrel, Then the turning moment of buoyancy suffered by deflection barrel is clockwise direction, shape, wall thickness by designing deflection barrel etc., and passes through The link position of liquid level in deflection barrel, i.e. central siphon and deflection barrel, can make turning moment and buoyancy generation that deflection barrel itself is produced Turning moment balance, reach a self-balancing state of deflection barrel.
The deflection barrel of the present invention is poor using the liquid level in deflection barrel, realizes the self-balancing of deflection barrel and ensures inlet position Below the liquid level at several millimeters, the water content that effectively control enters in deflection barrel increases the extraction effect that grease is floated to top layer, Meanwhile, when outside level change, in the relaxation time with good adaptability and very little, it can effectively meet the use of degreasing bath It is required that.
Specifically, the deflection barrel of one of embodiment of the invention includes right chamber, lumen and the left chamber being connected, described Right chamber be square tube shape, it specifically includes bottom plate, and vertically disposed two side plates of bottom plate, and the top plate vertical with side plate, The right edge of described side plate and the angle of top plate are obtuse angle, i.e. bottom plate is protruded to constitute lip-like inlet forward with respect to right panel, Turning moment of the right chamber with respect to central siphon is reduced simultaneously.Described left chamber includes front and rear side plate and rear arc plate, described lumen Left chamber is connected and rectangular in cross-section with right chamber, described lumen upper end is flushed with right chamber, lower end opposed bottom it is downwardly projecting and Flushed with left chamber.Described central siphon is arranged on lumen bottom, that is, realizes central siphon left side cavity body phase and right side cavity is downwardly projected, Dead-load moment on the left of central siphon can be increased using this kind of shape, simultaneously as comma formula is designed, the heavy in section product of left side and middle side, Larger buoyancy moment can more be provided to ensure that deflection barrel accomplishes that equilibrium state works, while front projecting type is designed, it is ensured that wait on a large scale Liquid level adaptability.
Preferably, limiting plate is fixedly installed on described central siphon, stopper slot 14 is formed with described limiting plate, It is correspondingly provided with being limited in the gag lever post 15 in described stopper slot in described deflection barrel, by stopper slot and spacing Described deflection barrel, can be limited in certain angle, prevent it from toppling, it can be made to rapidly enter work by the cooperation of bar Self-balancing state.Meanwhile, vertical indicating arm 16 is fixedly installed on described central siphon, is provided with most on described indicating arm High workload liquid level pointer 17 and minimum working solution bit pointer 18 provide configured information in order to position the oil skimmer for installation, preferably Ground, described limiting plate and indicating arm are integrally formed.
Further, to improve oil skimming treating capacity, the utilization rate of equipment is improved, multiple deflection barrels can be accordingly connected on On same central siphon, this equally can realize the purpose of the present invention.
Specific theory analysis is as follows, as shown in fig. 6, plane and horizontal plane where the axis of central siphon and inlet lower side Angle be α, by taking the deflection barrel in above-mentioned specific embodiment as an example, left chamber M1, lumen M2, right chamber M3 housing gravity it is relative The turning moment that central siphon is produced is M1 (α), M2 (α), M3 α respectively),
Turning moment caused by deflection barrel shell gravity is expressed as:
M is inverse=M1 (α)+M2 (α)-M3 (α)
Now, M is inverse is more than 0, and deflection barrel has the trend of rotate counterclockwise.Then, original state, because central siphon periphery gap Slow seepage, the inside and outside liquid level of oil skimming bucket progressively reaches balance, and inlet upward or can reach most upper extreme position.
After deflection barrel is started working, especially deflect liquid in bucket and be sucked after pump pumps out, liquid level declines in deflection barrel, because Cavity is more than right side cavity on the left of central siphon vertical direction and left side cavity is protruded relatively downward, causes central siphon both sides buoyancy uneven Weighing apparatus, produces right-handed moment M suitable.
As shown in fig. 7, clockwise moment:M is suitable=M4 (α)-M5 (α)
Wherein, described M4 (α) and M5 (α) be the central siphon vertical direction left and right sides, liquid level and outside liquid level in deflection barrel Between intracavitary volume produced by turning moment of the buoyancy with respect to central siphon, wherein, left side immersion intrinsic deflection bucket in liquid level with bottom The volume for dividing the buoyancy produced to be only the partial shell, ignores.
That is, decline with liquid level in this deflection barrel, the clockwise moment that buoyancy is produced progressively is increased, when more than deflection barrel itself During the anticlockwise moment of gravity, deflection barrel starts to turn clockwise, and when inlet enters below liquid level, deflection barrel starts feed liquor, When liquid inlet volume is identical with deflection barrel liquid outlet quantity, i.e., when liquid level is maintained at precalculated position in bucket, torque dynamic equilibrium is reached, partially Turning barrel no longer significantly rotates, and is kept essentially stationary, and now deflection barrel liquid inlet volume and liquid outlet quantity reach balance, and inlet is maintained at liquid 5mm or so under face, collects liquid-surface floating oil, and the lower side of inlet is related to the pump output of suction pump in subsurface depth.When When outside liquid level changes, buoyancy torque changes, equalising torque be destroyed, then the inlet of deflection barrel rise immediately or Decline and realize equalising torque again, equilibrium process leads to above-mentioned, does not repeat again.
For the profit that further processing oil skimmer is collected, as seen in figs. 8-10, described oily-water seperating equipment is included successively Heating demulsification type chamber, water-oil separating chamber and the collecting mechanism of setting, described heating demulsification type bottom of chamber portion or side bottom be formed with into Liquid mouthful, heating demulsification type chamber 22 is internally provided with heater 221;From top, overflow enters water-oil separating to liquid after heating demulsification type Chamber, the floating hydrorrhea of water-oil separating chamber flows into collecting mechanism, and described collecting mechanism includes being arranged on the floating of water-oil separating chamber The strip liquid outlet side of liquid and the deflector 262 extended obliquely, are fixedly installed on the sump 28 of liquid outlet side, and fixed The collection bunker 29 in described sump is arranged on, described collection bunker and the side plate of liquid outlet sides adjacent and disengagement chamber holding is predetermined Direction of the upper end edge away from liquid outlet, which tiltedly above extends, at the top of interval and the side plate is formed with bending section 291 and the upside of the bending section While than the low preset distance of upper side edge of deflector, such as 5mm, described deflector 262 with bending is intersegmental is formed with gap and/or institute The deflector lower end stated is formed with slit, and upper supernatant liquid enters deflector and the intersegmental rear fluid floated of bending overflows across bending section entrance Collection bunker 29 is final to be focused on through the discharge of oil exit pipe 292, and the water of sinking enters sump and from water through described gap or slit Passage upper Cang Cebi, such as fluting overflow.It is described have water disengagement chamber can using gravity type sedimentation separation chamber, centrifugal point From arbitrary forms such as, electrically separated, adsorbing separation, dissolved air flotations.
The oily-water seperating equipment of the present invention, after preliminary water-oil separating is carried out, the discharge for upper supernatant liquid is sieved again Office is managed, and a unhurried current chamber pond is constituted using the deflector and bending section in exit under the current stabilization of sump, and upper supernatant liquid slowly enters Enter and floated on the surface on fluid, water is in bottom and progressively under slit or gap stream and realizes that profit is finally recovered, and accumulates in The fluid on upper strata can be progressively thickening, in the presence of sump draining liquid level with liquid outlet liquid level between the two liquid level difference.The liquid level Poor general in 2-8mm, such as 5mm, fluid above progressively covers bending section into collection bunker, so can guarantee that into collection bunker Liquid in oily content more than 90%.Moreover, the slit on deflector is set, it is prevented effectively from supernatant liquid and enters unhurried current chamber Situations such as producing turbulent flow during pond, keeps water-oil separating face stable.Fluting is provided with the side wall of described sump, is opened in described It is fixedly installed at groove adjustable to adjust deflector and bending section above and below adjustable for height water fender 281, described water fender Oil water surface.
Preferably, described water-oil separating chamber includes the filler disengagement chamber 23 and swash plate disengagement chamber 24 that overflow successively is set, Filler such as Pall ring, cascade ring etc., the liquid after demulsification initially enter filler disengagement chamber, liquid slowly sink pass through it is same When, small oil droplet in filler superficial residence, accumulate larger oil droplet and then float and accumulate the slow overflow of supernatant liquid to swash plate point From chamber, handled by filler disengagement chamber, the clear liquid backflow after 90% processing, 10% or so upper supernatant liquid enters swash plate disengagement chamber 24, the liquid after swash plate disengagement chamber is entered under shallow pool principle, water-oil separating is realized again, the upper supernatant liquid of swash plate disengagement chamber is most Final oil collection is realized through above-mentioned collecting mechanism eventually.Meanwhile, to improve the overall treatment effect being engaged, filler separation The volumetric ratio of chamber and swash plate disengagement chamber be 3-6, preferably 4, so disposal abilities at different levels are effectively combined, it is ensured that overall processing Effect.
Wherein, as a preferred embodiment, as Figure 1-3, oily-water seperating equipment of the invention is rectangular including Build housing 1, housing cavity body is divided into by two vertical clapboards to be constituted the right chamber of the adjacent heating demulsification type chamber 22 in left and right, constitutes and fill out Expect the lumen of disengagement chamber 23, and left chamber, described left chamber 26 is divided into by partition panel 25 connected with filler disengagement chamber overflow before The swash plate disengagement chamber 24 and clear liquid chamber 27 set afterwards, described sump 28 is arranged in described clear liquid chamber 27, described filler The bottom and swash plate disengagement chamber bottom of disengagement chamber are connected to the sleeve pipe of sump by the road respectively, wherein, described partition panel 25 is wrapped Vertical portion, the rake and horizontal part that are adjacent to described swash plate are included, the outer tube of described sleeve pipe is fixedly connected with horizontal part. Using the form being staggered above and below swash plate and clear liquid chamber, space is effectively ensured and saves utilization.Meanwhile, to filler disengagement chamber and tiltedly The clear liquid of plate disengagement chamber carries out unification and carries out out water process by sleeve pipe 32,42 respectively, convenient can adjust processing speeds at different levels, it is ensured that Disposed of in its entirety effect, and clear liquid is collected beneficial to being uniformly back to degreasing bath.
That is, the general principle of swash plate disengagement chamber is exactly shallow pool principle, and swash plate disengagement chamber inner swash plate 261 tilts 260 degree of arrangements, Swash plate and the perpendicular arrangement of vertical clapboard simultaneously, i.e., between swash plate between groove bearing of trend it is identical with liquid approach axis, so have Floated beneficial to the fluid between each swash plate, and clear liquid chamber lower space can be taken, over all Integration is high, effectively saves space.
Meanwhile, triangle Oil Guide liquid plate 231 is provided with the overflow tapping side filler of lumen to guide floating fluid Into swash plate disengagement chamber, prevent from gathering in corner, influence disposed of in its entirety effect, and the triangle draining plate convenient can be unpicked and washed Or start, to carry out the cleaning or replacing of packing area material.It is simultaneously corresponding with deflector in the tapping side of swash plate disengagement chamber Ground is formed with two triangle oil guide plates 261 to guide the fluid of floating to overfall, realizes final water-oil separating and receipts Collection.
The present invention is set using integrated, after the final collection of demulsification, filler, swash plate and fluid and filtration treatment at different levels The water cavity that collects of water be integrated, constitute cabinet type structure, reasonable utilization space realizes the optimum mix of filler and swash plate Example, effectively coordinates step by step, improves overall oil removal efficiency, and filler and swash plate no consumption, effectively Reusability after cleaning, drop Low oil removing cost, the waste oil oil content isolated reaches 90%, greatly reduces the expense of liquid waste processing, at the same save effectively into The degreaser divided, is used so being particularly suitable for paint line
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the common skill of the art For art personnel, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of degreasing bath removes oil-cleaning system, it is characterised in that skim including the unpowered gauche form that is arranged in degreasing bath Oily device and oily-water seperating equipment, described oil skimmer include at least one right side and are formed with the deflection barrel of inlet and are fixedly installed Central siphon below liquid level, described central siphon one end is communicated to outside other end closing;Described central siphon runs through described deflection Bucket middle and lower part and described deflection barrel can freely be rotated relative to central siphon in vertical direction, the pipe of described central siphon in deflection barrel Offer slit on wall, described central siphon is through suction pump or overflow to oily-water seperating equipment, and described oily-water seperating equipment includes Heating demulsification type chamber, water-oil separating chamber and the collecting mechanism set gradually, described heating demulsification type bottom of chamber portion or side bottom are formed There is inlet, heating demulsification type chamber is internally provided with heater;Liquid flooding after heating demulsification type enters water-oil separating chamber, profit point Floating hydrorrhea from chamber flows into collecting mechanism, and the lower clear liquid of described water-oil separating chamber is flow automatically or pumping is back to degreasing bath;
Deflection barrel includes right chamber, lumen and the left chamber being connected, and described right chamber is square tube shape, and described left chamber includes front and rear side Plate and rear arc plate, described lumen connect left chamber and rectangular in cross-section with right chamber, and described lumen upper end and right chamber is neat Flat, lower end is downwardly projecting with respect to right chamber and is flushed with left chamber, and described central siphon is arranged on lumen bottom;
Described degreasing bath is provided with longitudinal baffle to constitute isolated area in left end prelaminar part, is set on the right side of described longitudinal baffle The flow distribution plate that middle part is protruded to the right is equipped with, described flow distribution plate top is higher than two before and after liquid level predetermined altitude, described flow distribution plate End remains with oil inlet passage with degreasing groove sidewall, and described longitudinal baffle is provided with fluting with described oil inlet passage corresponding position, Described oil skimmer is arranged on described isolated area.
2. oil-cleaning system is removed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described collecting mechanism includes being arranged on profit point Strip liquid outlet outside and the deflector extended obliquely from the upper supernatant liquid of chamber, are fixedly installed on described liquid outlet side Sump, and the collection bunker being fixedly installed in described sump, described collection bunker and the side plate and oil of liquid outlet sides adjacent Water disengagement chamber keep at the top of predetermined space and the side plate direction of the upper end edge away from liquid outlet tiltedly upper extension be formed with bending section and The upper side edge of the bending section is less than the upper side edge of deflector, described deflector with bending is intersegmental is formed with gap and/or described Deflector lower end be formed with slit, upper supernatant liquid enter deflector and bending it is intersegmental after the fluid that floats overflow across bending section and enter collection Bunker, the clear liquid of sinking enters sump through described gap or slit and overflowed from the fluting on the wall of sump side.
3. oil-cleaning system is removed as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described water-oil separating chamber includes overflow successively and set The filler disengagement chamber and swash plate disengagement chamber put.
4. oil-cleaning system is removed as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described oily-water seperating equipment includes cuboid-type Housing cavity body is divided into the right chamber for constituting heating demulsification type chamber, the lumen for constituting filler disengagement chamber by housing, two vertical clapboards, with And left chamber, described left chamber is divided into the swash plate disengagement chamber and clear liquid chamber connected with filler disengagement chamber overflow by partition panel, described Sump be arranged on described clear liquid intracavitary, the bottom and swash plate disengagement chamber bottom of described filler disengagement chamber connect by the road respectively It is connected to the sleeve pipe of clear liquid chamber, is provided with fluting on the side wall of described sump, height is fixedly installed at described fluting can The adjustable oil water surface to adjust deflector and bending section above and below the water fender of tune, described water fender, described clear liquid chamber Interior lower clear liquid gravity flow or pumping are back to degreasing bath.
5. oil-cleaning system is removed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that limited location is fixedly installed on described central siphon Plate, stopper slot is formed with described limiting plate, is correspondingly provided with being limited in described limit in described deflection barrel Gag lever post in the groove of position.
6. oil-cleaning system is removed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described degreasing bath left end is protrudedly formed to the left There is extension, described longitudinal baffle is arranged on described extension.
7. remove oil-cleaning system as described in claim 1 or 6, it is characterised in that be fixedly installed on described flow distribution plate top There is washboard, the right edge of described washboard is curved to the right relative to described flow distribution plate or knuckle shape is protruded.
8. as claimed in claim 7 remove oil-cleaning system, it is characterised in that described washboard be arranged on liquid level 4-8cm it On, described washboard right-hand member is tilted down.
CN201610278956.7A 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Degreasing bath remove oil-cleaning system Active CN105688448B (en)

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CN110586623A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-20 四川金逸智科技有限公司 Harmless treatment device and method for dead bodies of livestock and poultry
CN110585792B (en) * 2019-10-25 2024-05-07 微一绿色环保科技(海盐)有限公司 Novel cleaning solution tank
CN113526697A (en) * 2021-06-18 2021-10-22 机械工业第九设计研究院有限公司 Novel oil removing method applied to pretreatment of vehicle body

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CN103723792A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-04-16 扬州澄露环境工程有限公司 Unpowered arbitrary liquid-level skimmer
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