CN105685377A - Straw fermentation process - Google Patents

Straw fermentation process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105685377A
CN105685377A CN201410698460.6A CN201410698460A CN105685377A CN 105685377 A CN105685377 A CN 105685377A CN 201410698460 A CN201410698460 A CN 201410698460A CN 105685377 A CN105685377 A CN 105685377A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
residue
powder
fermentation
days
grains
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410698460.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马云良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WEIHAI CHANGSHOUKANG SEA FOOD CO Ltd
Original Assignee
WEIHAI CHANGSHOUKANG SEA FOOD CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WEIHAI CHANGSHOUKANG SEA FOOD CO Ltd filed Critical WEIHAI CHANGSHOUKANG SEA FOOD CO Ltd
Priority to CN201410698460.6A priority Critical patent/CN105685377A/en
Publication of CN105685377A publication Critical patent/CN105685377A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A straw fermentation process is characterized by using the fermentation raw materials of a variety of crop straw powders, leaf weed powder, melon vine powder, fruit residue, dry bagasse, rice husk powder, mixture of rice chaff and husk, edible mushroom residue, distiller's grains, brewer's grains, sugar residue, vinegar residue, starch residue, tapioca residue, citric acid residue, soy sauce residue, monosodium glutamate residue, powder residue, bean curd residue, decoction dregs, fat dregs, oil cake, bran, cotton meal, rapeseed, moldy feed, slaughter waste, pigwash, leftovers, and chicken manure. The method is characterized in that the 15% of corn flour, 15% of wheat bran, and 70% of one or more of the fermentation raw materials are combined.

Description

A kind of stalk fermentation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of feed processing, be specifically related to a kind of stalk fermentation method。
Background technology
After straw adds the precious high-activity fermented strain of magnificent huge stalk micro storage, cellulolytic bacterium number in straw is made to increase substantially。Under preference temperature, humidity and airtight anaerobic condition, cellulose in straw, hemicellulose and lignin are degraded in a large number, produce saccharide, are then converted to again lactic acid and volatile fatty acid, pH value is made to drop to 4.5 5.0, it is suppressed that the breeding of harmful bacteria and putrefaction bacteria。After microbial, stover becomes high-quality roughage, not only increases feeding value, and corruption is less likely to occur, it is possible to long storage periods feeds。
Summary of the invention
In order to make up the deficiency of above technology, the invention provides a kind of stalk fermentation method。
Fermentation raw material:
Various agricultural residues powder, leaves weeds powder, melon vine powder, marc, bagasse, rice husk powder, TONGKANG, edible fungi residues, distiller grains, distiller's grains of beer, sugar slag, acid-sludge, fecula, manioc waste, citric acid waste, soy sauce residues, residue of monosodium glutamate, granulated slag, Glycine max (L.) Merr., medicinal residues, the dregs of fat, oil meal, furfur, cotton rapeseed cake, the feedstuff that goes mouldy, butcher leftover bits and pieces, swill (water from washing rice) water, leftover, chicken manure the like waste。
2, fermentation proportioning:
Semen Maydis powder 15%, Testa Tritici 15%, one or more total amounts of above-mentioned fermentation raw material are 70%。
3, fermentation process:
(1) ferment proportioning: configuration crushes (1mm hole of sieving)) 1000 kilograms of fermented feed, 350-400 kilogram of water (summer 350, winter 400), increasingly 1-2 kilogram of yeast-like fungi preparation increasingly。
Make dilution activation fermentation liquid: 1-2 kilogram of strain is poured into 350-400 kg of water stirs standby。
(3) by the dilution fermentation liquid made and 1000 kilograms of fermented feed mix homogeneously, humidity is pinched with hands and agglomerating is not dripped, and one touches namely to dissipate and is advisable。Dilution fermentation liquid is slowly added in feedstuff and stirs by the large-scale plant having blender;Activation fermentation liquid is slowly sprayed onto on feedstuff by raiser on a small quantity that do not have blender, stirs with spade, it is to note that agglomerate, water can not be had to lump, and with hands, agglomerate, water caking is rubbed scattered and is stirred。
(4) the feedstuff configured can be ricked in ground compacting or load cement pit compacting by large-scale plant, seals with plastic sheeting;It is airtight that feedstuff can be loaded cylinder, big Plastic Drum, pond compacting by little raiser, seals with plastic sheeting, which floor seals, it is ensured that seal completely airtight more。
(5) it is placed on the local anaerobic fermentation of room temperature, protection against rodents, ferments through 3-7 days (3 days summers, 5 days spring and autumn, 7 days winters) according to season, send slightly sour-sweet strong distillers yeast fragrance, it was shown that ferment successfully。If only acid is not fragrant, it does not have distillers yeast fragrance;Or to have the color that bleaches be that to seal not exclusively ventilative reason fermentation unsuccessful, the failed feedstuff that ferment ferments (a little big strain consumption) after can drying again。It is air tight that fermented feed to accomplish that compacting seals;Moisture is suitable, many easy acid, has lacked fermentation too slow;Stirring is wanted uniformly, to pulverize agglomerate。
(3) points for attention
(1), if adding agricultural residues powder, leaves weeds powder, melon vine powder, marc, bagasse, rice husk powder, TONGKANG, edible fungi residues, chicken manure etc., it adds up to less than the 30% of fermentation raw material total amount。
(2) multiple fermentation raw material mixed fermentation is better than single fermentation fermenting raw materials, and a kind of material can individually be fermented by energy feed (Semen Maydis powder, Testa Tritici, Testa oryzae), it is possible to by two or three kind of material mixed fermentation in any proportion。
(3), after fermenting successfully, take out and add mix homogeneously Direct-fed in unfermentable complete feed。If fermenting feed consumption in five days, sealing rapidly after taking every day, then taking again with sealing again。Note: this usage quantity was less than five days consumptions。If one time fermentation feedstuff quantity is more, preservation must be dried more than five days consumption parts。If selling fermented feed, it is possible to dry and sell again, or it is sold to user's fermentation。

Claims (3)

1. a stalk fermentation method, its feature adopts various agricultural residues powder, leaves weeds powder, melon vine powder, marc, bagasse, rice husk powder, TONGKANG, edible fungi residues, distiller grains, distiller's grains of beer, sugar slag, acid-sludge, fecula, manioc waste, citric acid waste, soy sauce residues, residue of monosodium glutamate, granulated slag, Glycine max (L.) Merr., medicinal residues, the dregs of fat, oil meal, furfur, cotton rapeseed cake, the feedstuff that goes mouldy, butchers leftover bits and pieces, swill (water from washing rice) water, leftover, chicken manure the like waste be as fermentation raw material。
2. it is characterized in that one or more total amounts of above-mentioned fermentation raw material are the ratio combination of 70% according to Semen Maydis powder 15%, Testa Tritici 15%。
3. fermentation process:
(1) ferment proportioning: configuration crushes (1mm hole of sieving)) 1000 kilograms of fermented feed, 350-400 kilogram of water (summer 350, winter 400), increasingly 1-2 kilogram of yeast-like fungi preparation increasingly;
Make dilution activation fermentation liquid: 1-2 kilogram of strain is poured into 350-400 kg of water stirs standby;
(3) by the dilution fermentation liquid made and 1000 kilograms of fermented feed mix homogeneously, humidity is pinched with hands and agglomerating is not dripped, and one touches namely to dissipate and is advisable;
(4) the feedstuff configured can be ricked in ground compacting or load cement pit compacting by large-scale plant, seals with plastic sheeting, it is ensured that seal completely airtight;
(5) it is placed on the local anaerobic fermentation of room temperature, protection against rodents, ferments through 3-7 days (3 days summers, 5 days spring and autumn, 7 days winters) according to season, send slightly sour-sweet strong distillers yeast fragrance, it was shown that ferment successfully。
CN201410698460.6A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Straw fermentation process Pending CN105685377A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410698460.6A CN105685377A (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Straw fermentation process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410698460.6A CN105685377A (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Straw fermentation process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105685377A true CN105685377A (en) 2016-06-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410698460.6A Pending CN105685377A (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Straw fermentation process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105685377A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107500813A (en) * 2017-10-18 2017-12-22 江苏中通生物科技有限公司 A kind of bio-feritlizer leavening
CN108617464A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-09 安陆市旺鑫生态农业有限公司 A kind of fermentate, seedling-cultivation plate, feed and preparation method thereof
CN110122658A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-08-16 江苏祥豪实业股份有限公司 A kind of fermentative feedstuff of microbe and its preparation method and application
CN110710598A (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-01-21 无锡三智生物科技有限公司 Bean dreg fermentation formula and preparation method
CN114601075A (en) * 2022-04-17 2022-06-10 湖南省吉泰农牧股份有限公司 Anti-stress laying hen feed containing Chinese herbal medicines and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107500813A (en) * 2017-10-18 2017-12-22 江苏中通生物科技有限公司 A kind of bio-feritlizer leavening
CN108617464A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-09 安陆市旺鑫生态农业有限公司 A kind of fermentate, seedling-cultivation plate, feed and preparation method thereof
CN110710598A (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-01-21 无锡三智生物科技有限公司 Bean dreg fermentation formula and preparation method
CN110122658A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-08-16 江苏祥豪实业股份有限公司 A kind of fermentative feedstuff of microbe and its preparation method and application
CN114601075A (en) * 2022-04-17 2022-06-10 湖南省吉泰农牧股份有限公司 Anti-stress laying hen feed containing Chinese herbal medicines and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160622

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