CN105669265A - Horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device - Google Patents

Horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105669265A
CN105669265A CN201610099578.6A CN201610099578A CN105669265A CN 105669265 A CN105669265 A CN 105669265A CN 201610099578 A CN201610099578 A CN 201610099578A CN 105669265 A CN105669265 A CN 105669265A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation cylinder
fermentation
gas
composting device
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610099578.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单来
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Lieqi Commerce And Trade Co Ltd
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Xuzhou Lieqi Commerce And Trade Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuzhou Lieqi Commerce And Trade Co Ltd filed Critical Xuzhou Lieqi Commerce And Trade Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610099578.6A priority Critical patent/CN105669265A/en
Publication of CN105669265A publication Critical patent/CN105669265A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/921Devices in which the material is conveyed essentially horizontally between inlet and discharge means
    • C05F17/929Cylinders or drums
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors
    • C05F17/971Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material
    • C05F17/979Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material the other material being gaseous
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/993Arrangements for measuring process parameters, e.g. temperature, pressure or humidity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device. The device comprises a fermentation cylinder, a feeding bin and a discharging bin which are arranged at the two ends of the fermentation cylinder respectively, a ventilating system and a gas purification device, the feeding bin is provided with a ventilating opening in the axial direction of the fermentation cylinder, the ventilating opening is connected with the ventilating system, the gas purification device comprises a gas suction draught fan, a cyclone dust collector and a biological deodorizer which are connected in sequence, the top of the discharging bin is provided with an air outlet, the air outlet is externally connected with the gas suction draught fan through a pipe, the upper portion of a cylinder body of the fermentation cylinder is uniformly provided with multiple air outlets, each air outlet is connected with the gas suction draught fan through a branch pipe, the feeding opening section, the intermediate section and the discharging opening section of the fermentation cylinder are each provided with a temperature sensor, and the temperature sensors are connected with an air blower. According to the horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device, the oxygen introduction rate and flow in the fermentation cylinder is controlled through the ventilating system, and sludge fermentation efficiency is improved; exhaust gas generated in the fermentation process is subjected to dedusting and odor removal through the gas purification device, and secondary pollution is reduced.

Description

A kind of dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic
Technical field
The present invention relates to sludge composting device, it is specifically related to a kind of dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic.
Background technology
Mud is the product after sewage disposal, is a kind of extremely complicated heterogeneous body being made up of organic relic, microorganism, inorganic particle, colloid etc. Current Urbanization in China is accelerated gradually, the water treatment amount in city also increases thereupon, also when the river rises the boat goes up thereupon for sludge yield, and quantity and the kind of the hazardous and noxious substances being concentrated in mud also increase year by year, and sludge treatment has become an important step of sewage disposal.
Sludge composting fermentative processing technology is that one utilizes microorganism that organism perishable in mud is carried out biological degradation, makes it to become sewage sludge harmlessness process, the application technology as the second resource of the vegetable mould shape fertilizer with good stability. Domestic and international conventional sludge composting fermentative processing technology mainly all adopts the zymotechnique device that charging, stirring, ventilation, discharging carry out simultaneously at present. Static state composting apparatus is interior without stirring owing to piling, and oxygen supply is restricted, therefore composting efficiency is low, compost quality is unstable. Dynamic composting device mainly can be divided into vertical and horizontal two types.
Vertical aerobic compost mainly adopts multistage fermentation tower to carry out batch feed, is undertaken stirring and oxygen supply by stirrer in tower and aerating system. Its occupation area of equipment is little, and single tower treatment capacity is big; But construction cost height, equipment is complicated, not easily operates, and the leakage pollution surrounding enviroment that fermentation foul waste gas also easily occurs carried by material between tower and tower.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic, construction cost is low, is easy to operation, and exhaust performance is good.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic, comprise fermentation cylinder, it be separately positioned on feeding warehouse and discharging bin, ventilation system and the gas-cleaning installation at fermentation cylinder two ends, described feeding warehouse and discharging bin are fixedly mounted on support, the top of described feeding warehouse is provided with hopper, the bottom of described discharging bin is provided with discharge bucket
Described feeding warehouse is provided with ventilation opening along fermentation cylinder axial direction due, described ventilation opening connects described ventilation system, described ventilation system comprises gas blower, the time relay, throttling valve and spinner-type flowmeter, the supply lead of described gas blower connects external power by the time relay, described gas blower go out air port by throttling valve connect spinner-type flowmeter import, the outlet of spinner-type flowmeter connects the ventilation opening on described feeding warehouse;
Described gas-cleaning installation comprises the blower fan of bleeding, tornado dust collector and the biological deodorizing equipment that connect successively,
The top of described discharging bin is provided with out air port, described in go out air port by the external blower fan of bleeding of pipeline, the cylinder top of described fermentation cylinder is evenly equipped with multiple air outlet, and each air outlet is connected by branch line respectively bleeds blower fan;
Being provided with stir shaft in described fermentation cylinder, the output shaft of described stir shaft and motor is in transmission connection, and described stir shaft is provided with helical mixing blade;
The opening for feed section of described fermentation cylinder, middle section and discharge port section place are equipped with a temperature sensor, and described temperature sensor is connected with described gas blower.
Further, described hopper and described discharge bucket, all in horn-like, hopper and discharge bucket are equipped with the removable cover of band sealing-ring, and hopper is accessed in fermentation cylinder by conduit.
Further, described fermentation cylinder is 4~6 ° with horizontal ground vertically, it is more preferable to ground, and described fermentation cylinder is 5 ° with horizontal ground vertically.
The present invention is led to into fresh wind with control gas blower by the time relay and temperature sensor in fermentation cylinder, oxygen-supply speed in control fermentation cylinder and flow, it is to increase the fermentation efficiency of mud; The waste gas that fermenting process produces carries out dedusting through tornado dust collector, and biological deodorizing equipment carries out taste removal, decreases secondary pollution; By setting up air outlet on the cylinder top of fermentation cylinder, it is to increase the exhaust performance of device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
In figure, 1, feeding warehouse, 2, fermentation cylinder, 3, discharging bin, 4, support, 5, hopper, 6, discharge bucket, 7, ventilation opening, 8, the time relay, 9, gas blower, 10, throttling valve, 11, spinner-type flowmeter, 12, air port is gone out, 13, blower fan of bleeding, 14, tornado dust collector, 15, biological deodorizing equipment, 16, air outlet, 17, stir shaft, 18, agitating vane, 19, temperature sensor, 20, removable cover.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further details.
As shown in Figure 1, the dynamic composting device of a kind of horizontal sludge aerobic of the present invention, comprise fermentation cylinder 2, it be separately positioned on feeding warehouse 1 and discharging bin 3, ventilation system and the gas-cleaning installation at fermentation cylinder 2 two ends, described feeding warehouse 1 and discharging bin 3 are fixedly mounted on support 4, the top of described feeding warehouse 1 is provided with hopper 5, the bottom of described discharging bin 3 is provided with discharge bucket 6
As further preferred version, described hopper 5 and described discharge bucket 6, all in horn-like, hopper 5 and discharge bucket 6 be equipped with the removable cover 20 of band sealing-ring, can effectively prevent material from leakage and foul smell excessive; Hopper 5 accesses in fermentation cylinder 2 by conduit, to ensure that material all enters fermentation cylinder 2.
Described feeding warehouse 1 is provided with ventilation opening 7 along fermentation cylinder 2 axial direction due, described ventilation opening 7 connects described ventilation system, described ventilation system comprises gas blower 9, the time relay 8, throttling valve 10 and spinner-type flowmeter 11, the supply lead of described gas blower 9 connects external power by the time relay 8, described gas blower 9 go out the import that air port connects spinner-type flowmeter 11 by throttling valve 10, the outlet of spinner-type flowmeter 11 connects the ventilation opening 7 on described feeding warehouse 1; It is the material oxygen supply newly turned over that fresh wind can be sent in fermentation cylinder by ventilation system, and effectively controls oxygen-supply speed and the flow of reaction, and sludge fermentation is stablized;
Described gas-cleaning installation comprises the blower fan 13 of bleeding, tornado dust collector 14 and the biological deodorizing equipment 15 that connect successively, the top of described discharging bin 3 is provided with out air port 12, described go out air port 12 by the external blower fan 13 of bleeding of pipeline, the cylinder top of described fermentation cylinder 2 is evenly equipped with multiple air outlet 16, each air outlet 16 is connected by branch line respectively bleeds blower fan 13, it is to increase exhaust performance;Blower fan 13 of bleeding can improve transfer of gas pressure, after being delivered to tornado dust collector 14 dedusting, then enters biological deodorizing equipment 15 and carries out deodorizing, decreases secondary pollution.
Being provided with stir shaft 17 in described fermentation cylinder 2, described stir shaft 17 is in transmission connection with the output shaft of motor, and described stir shaft 17 is provided with helical mixing blade 18, it is achieved rolls and turns over material; Preferably, described fermentation cylinder 2 is 4~6 ° with horizontal ground vertically, it is more preferable to, described fermentation cylinder 2 is 5 ° with horizontal ground vertically, is beneficial to material and advances toward discharging bin 3.
The opening for feed section of described fermentation cylinder 2, middle section and discharge port section place are equipped with a temperature sensor 19, described temperature sensor 19 is connected with described gas blower 9, gas blower 9 is by time-temperature control, when temperature does not reach design top temperature, the break-make (5~10min opened by setting gas blower 9, closes 60~90min) of gas blower 9 is controlled by the time relay 8; After temperature is raised to the top temperature of design, automatically transfer the start and stop controlling gas blower 9 by temperature sensor 19 to, make heap body carry out compost at the temperature of setting.

Claims (4)

1. the dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic, comprise fermentation cylinder (2), it be separately positioned on feeding warehouse (1) and discharging bin (3), ventilation system and the gas-cleaning installation at fermentation cylinder (2) two ends, described feeding warehouse (1) and discharging bin (3) are fixedly mounted on support (4), the top of described feeding warehouse (1) is provided with hopper (5), the bottom of described discharging bin (3) is provided with discharge bucket (6), it is characterized in that
Described feeding warehouse (1) is provided with ventilation opening (7) along fermentation cylinder (2) axial direction due, described ventilation opening (7) connects described ventilation system, described ventilation system comprises gas blower (9), the time relay (8), throttling valve (10) and spinner-type flowmeter (11), the supply lead of described gas blower (9) connects external power by the time relay (8), described gas blower (9) go out the import that air port connects described spinner-type flowmeter (11) by throttling valve (10), the outlet of described spinner-type flowmeter (11) connects the ventilation opening (7) on described feeding warehouse (1),
Described gas-cleaning installation comprises the blower fan of bleeding (13), tornado dust collector (14) and the biological deodorizing equipment (15) that connect successively, the top of described discharging bin (3) is provided with out air port (12), described go out air port (12) by the external blower fan of bleeding (13) of pipeline, the cylinder top of described fermentation cylinder (2) is evenly equipped with multiple air outlet (16), and each air outlet (16) connect, by branch line, blower fan (13) of bleeding respectively;
Being provided with stir shaft (17) in described fermentation cylinder (2), described stir shaft (17) is in transmission connection with the output shaft of motor, and described stir shaft (17) is provided with helical mixing blade (18);
The opening for feed section of described fermentation cylinder (2), middle section and discharge port section place are equipped with a temperature sensor (19), and described temperature sensor (19) is connected with described gas blower (9).
2. the dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hopper (5) and described discharge bucket (6) are all in horn-like, the removable cover (20) being equipped with band sealing-ring on hopper (5) and discharge bucket (6), hopper (5) is accessed in fermentation cylinder (2) by conduit.
3. the dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that, described fermentation cylinder (2) is 4~6 ° with horizontal ground vertically.
4. the dynamic composting device of horizontal sludge aerobic according to claim 3, it is characterised in that, described fermentation cylinder (2) is 5 ° with horizontal ground vertically.
CN201610099578.6A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device Pending CN105669265A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610099578.6A CN105669265A (en) 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610099578.6A CN105669265A (en) 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Horizontal type aerobic dynamic sludge composting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105669265A true CN105669265A (en) 2016-06-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948829A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-09-21 龙岩市顺添环保科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer fermentation-drying integrated machine and application method thereof
CN107353044A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-17 广州市净水有限公司 A kind of sludge composting fermentation integral processing device
CN111875425A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-11-03 上海仁创环境科技有限公司 Treatment method and device for combining solar sludge drying with sludge composting

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948829A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-09-21 龙岩市顺添环保科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer fermentation-drying integrated machine and application method thereof
CN107353044A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-17 广州市净水有限公司 A kind of sludge composting fermentation integral processing device
CN111875425A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-11-03 上海仁创环境科技有限公司 Treatment method and device for combining solar sludge drying with sludge composting

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PB01 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160615

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication