CN105658479B - Visualization system, vehicle and the method for operating visualization system - Google Patents

Visualization system, vehicle and the method for operating visualization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105658479B
CN105658479B CN201380079876.3A CN201380079876A CN105658479B CN 105658479 B CN105658479 B CN 105658479B CN 201380079876 A CN201380079876 A CN 201380079876A CN 105658479 B CN105658479 B CN 105658479B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
object
visualization system
configured
sighting device
Prior art date
Application number
CN201380079876.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105658479A (en
Inventor
菲力克斯·施罗德
Original Assignee
奥迪股份公司
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Filing date
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Application filed by 奥迪股份公司 filed Critical 奥迪股份公司
Priority to PCT/IB2013/001855 priority Critical patent/WO2015019122A1/en
Publication of CN105658479A publication Critical patent/CN105658479A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105658479B publication Critical patent/CN105658479B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/12Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
    • B60R2001/1215Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks with information displays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/20Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of display used
    • B60R2300/202Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of display used displaying a blind spot scene on the vehicle part responsible for the blind spot
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/30Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of image processing
    • B60R2300/304Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the type of image processing using merged images, e.g. merging camera image with stored images
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/80Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement
    • B60R2300/802Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement for monitoring and displaying vehicle exterior blind spot views
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2300/00Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle
    • B60R2300/80Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement
    • B60R2300/804Details of viewing arrangements using cameras and displays, specially adapted for use in a vehicle characterised by the intended use of the viewing arrangement for lane monitoring

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of visualization systems for vehicle, including at least one sighting device (38), are configured at least part of display vehicle periphery.Sensor is configured to detect at least one of the part of vehicle periphery object (14).The visualization system further includes positioning device, is configured to determine position of at least part of the driver head in vehicle relative at least one sighting device (38).The control unit of the visualization system is configured to operation visualization device, to make at least one object (14) be visualized on the direction in view of the position.The invention also discloses the vehicle with such visualization system and the methods for operating visualization system.

Description

Visualization system, vehicle and the method for operating visualization system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of visualization systems for vehicle comprising at least one sighting device.The sighting device It is configured at least part of display vehicle periphery.The sensor of the visualization system is configured to detect the vehicle periphery At least one object in part.The visualization system also includes for making at least one at least one sighting device A object visible apparatus.It can the invention further relates to a kind of vehicle with the visualization system and for operate vehicle Method depending on changing system.

Background technology

2013/0063598 A1 of document US describe the rearview mirror for vehicle, wherein being integrated with image capturing unit. The image captured by image capturing unit can be shown in the image display device on the minute surface for being arranged in rearview mirror.Image is aobvious Showing device can be liquid crystal display or light-emitting diode screen.

The side view with display is also illustrated in 10 2,011 113 640 A1 of US 2012/0326888 A1 and DE Mirror, the display are arranged in after the reflecting element of side-view mirror.In US2012/0326888A1, it is present in the blind spot of mirror Object and direction signal indicator be shown in side-view mirror.In 10 2,011 113 640 A1 of DE, navigation instruction is shown in In side-view mirror.

Further, 2010/0271190 A1 of US describe the mirror for being installed on road.The mirror include camera and Indicating module.Depending on the road conditions detected by camera, the symbol for for example asking to slow down can be shown by indicating module Number or information.

Further, 2007/018145 A1 of WO describe pavement markers identifying system, are configured to determine road marking Whether note is damaged or in shape.

Invention content

The purpose of the present invention is intended to provide a kind of enhancing visualization system of road safety, vehicle and is initially mentioned The method of type.

The purpose passes through the visualization system with the following feature, vehicle and tool with the visualization system There is the method for individual features to realize.The advantageous embodiment with convenient development of the present invention carries out specifically below It is bright.

According to the present invention, visualization system includes positioning device, is configured to determine the driver head's in vehicle Position of at least part relative at least one sighting device.The control unit of visualization system is configured to operate visual makeup It sets, so that at least one object visualizes on the direction in view of the position.Due to consideration that the position of driver head, because This control unit ensures that the object of the vehicle periphery detected by sensor is shown in the correct position in sighting device.This Based on the discovery that is, by doing so, object is in a manner of contributing to object of the driver correctly around positioning vehicle It can be visualized in sighting device.

Therefore, visualization system is configured to make object in a first direction (if driver head is relative to sighting device First position) and second direction (if driver head is in second position relative to sighting device) visualization.Therefore, when When object being made to be visualized in sighting device, it should be taken into account that the build of driver or the difference of posture.For example, it is contemplated that driving Whether the person of sailing head is separate or close to steering wheel or the headrest of pilot set.Therefore, if driver head is in vehicle It is mobile, correspondingly change the direction for being shown in the object in sighting device for visible apparatus.Due to contributing to drive in this way The person of sailing understands the object of vehicle periphery, therefore improves road safety by visualization system.

In advantageous embodiment, positioning device includes the position for being configured to determine at least one eye eyeball of driver Unit.Which further improves the accuracys when showing object with correct direction.Meanwhile such unit such as camera Such eye movement follow-up mechanism is ready-made, reliable, and can easily be implemented in visualization system.

It is further proven advantageously, if the positioning device includes being configured to determine about horizontal axis And/or the unit of the gradient of the vertical axis about at least one sighting device.Therefore, change the inclination of sighting device Degree is so that control unit is operated in a manner of the variation in view of the gradient of sighting device for visible apparatus.This is especially So that the visualization system is flexibly, accurately.

Relative to the other elements being shown at least one sighting device, for making at least one object visually fill It sets and is configurable to highlight at least one object.Then driver can distinguish in a very simplified manner when driving The object is with other elements to consider the object.It is described to highlight the object that be shown in by enhancing in sighting device Brightness or the brightness of contour line of the object realize.As an alternative or extraly, the object or its profile can be with It is extended, or the profile of the object or the object can be made to visualize using eye-catching color.It is this improved to object The measure that highlights of visual perception watches sighting device to realize by driver.

If being configured to highlight such as lane markings at least one sighting device for visible apparatus Pavement marker, this is particularly helpful.Especially on the road with a plurality of track, exist it is difficult to distinguish surrounding running car On which track.This in night running or due to fog etc. make sight by limited time be especially true.Therefore, when traveling exists When on the road with a plurality of track, highlighted lane markings visualization is made to improve road safety.

At least one sighting device can be designed as the vehicle mirror with reflecting element.It is used to that object be made to visualize herein Device be designed as the display being arranged in vehicle mirror.Especially when driver watches vehicle mirror, to make object be shown in accurately Position at, the position of driver head should be had object by visual direction and influence.Therefore, if including vehicle mirror, Then provide the particularly useful implementation of visualization system.

Preferably, at least one vehicle mirror is designed as rearview mirror and/or side-view mirror.Especially when driver utilizes backsight Mirror either side-view mirror investigation vehicle periphery when the visualization right and wrong that are correctly oriented of the object in rearview mirror or side-view mirror It is often helpful.For example, whether another vehicle that it can make driver easily distinguish surrounding will overtake other vehicles or be only Follow the vehicle with visualization system.This contributes to driver to keep clearly general survey to traffic.

Display can be designed as the liquid crystal display (LCD) covered by reflecting element and/or thin film transistor (TFT) (TFT) Display, wherein the reflecting element is transmission to the optical signal generated by display.This display reflecting element it Arrangement afterwards makes the information of additional coverage and is particularly well shown in reflecting element to be correctly oriented and locate in correct position On.

It is equally proven advantageously, if at least one sighting device is designed as display, is configured to Show the image captured by camera and at least part for showing vehicle periphery.Display herein is further configured to use Represent at least one element covering image of at least one object.Such display with particularly simple mode with just True direction is convenient in terms of showing vehicle periphery and object.Further, if replacing being located at vehicle using display Passenger compartment on the outside of vehicle mirror, then can improve the aerodynamic performance of vehicle.

Vehicle according to the invention has visualization system according to the present invention.Vehicle in this way can improve road Safety.

In the method for the visualization system for operating vehicle according to the invention, at least one sighting device is shown At least part of vehicle periphery.At least one of the part of vehicle periphery object is detected by sensor.It is described extremely A few object is visualized at least one sighting device.At least part of driver head in vehicle is relative to institute The position for stating at least one sighting device is determined by positioning device.At least one object is existed with the direction in view of the position It is visualized in sighting device.

When making object visualize, by the position for considering the driver head in vehicle, it can be ensured that object is to help It is obtained in driver and driver is shown to the mode of the actual perceived of the object's position of vehicle periphery.Since driver has About the direction of object and the actual information of position, this causes to improve road safety.

The preferred embodiment presented about visualization system and vehicle and its advantage correspondingly applies to operation visually The method of change system, vice versa.

It is described above being mentioned in the feature mentioned and feature combination and the description of attached drawing below and/or independent aobvious Show that feature and feature combination in the accompanying drawings is available, can be used not only in the combination respectively specified, and can be also used in it He combines or individually in feature, without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Description of the drawings

From the description of invention content and following preferred embodiments based on attached drawing, further advantage of the present invention, Feature and details are obvious.Wherein show:

Fig. 1 is the component of the visualization system for vehicle, wherein visualization system is configured in view of driver's eye Eyeball makes lane markings be shown in Che Jingzhong on the direction relative to the position of vehicle mirror.

Fig. 2 is the side-view mirror of the passenger side of vehicle and the lane markings that are shown in side-view mirror;

Fig. 3 is the side-view mirror of the driver side of vehicle and the lane markings that are shown in side-view mirror.

Specific implementation mode

Fig. 1 shows the component of the visualization system 10 for vehicle.Visualization system 10 includes optical sensor, such as Camera 12 captures the image of road sections.Camera 12 includes object identification unit, is configured to detection object, especially It is the lane markings 14 in capture images.

Visualization system 10 also includes the positioning device 16 for having first unit 18, and first unit 18 is configured to determine in vehicle The position 20 of the eyes of interior driver.First unit 18 can be eye movement tracker, provide the position 20 of driver's eyes.

Positioning device 16 further includes second unit 22, is configured to determine the position of vehicle mirror such as side-view mirror 26 (see Fig. 2) 24 and gradient.Information about lane markings 14, the position 20 of driver's eyes and mirror position 24 is in visualization system It is handled in 10 control unit 28.

Control unit 28 controls display 30, and display 30 is configured to make the lane markings 14 in side-view mirror 26 to visualize. Gradient of the control unit 28 in view of the position 24 of side-view mirror 26 and about horizontal axis (i.e. about the horizontal direction of vehicle), And the gradient of the vertical axis about side-view mirror 26.Control unit 28 also allows for the position of the driver's eyes in vehicle 20.Position 20 of the driver's eyes relative to side-view mirror 26 is thereby determined that.Pass through the information and lane markings 14 itself Information, control unit 28 can operate display 30 in this way, i.e.,:Lane markings 14 are in view of the relative position It is shown on direction in side-view mirror 26.

Fig. 2 shows the side-view mirror 26 of the passenger side of vehicle.Side-view mirror 26 includes shell 32 and reflecting layer 34.Reflecting layer 34 For transmission, that is to say, that it is semipermeable for the optical signal generated by display 30.Display 30 is arranged in reflecting layer After 34, and it can be configured to LCD Panel (LCD-screen) and/or thin film transistor screen (TFT-screen). In order in side-view mirror 26 a variety of different directions and position show lane markings 14, display 30 is preferably dimensioned to be base It is equal to the size in reflecting layer 34 in sheet.Especially when traveling is on the road with a plurality of track, for driver, weight What is wanted is to know the running car of surrounding on which track.By the information, driver can assess the automobile of vehicle periphery Whether 36 (see Fig. 2) are overtaking other vehicles or are only being with vehicle.Since this is particularly difficult when night running or limited view drive, Therefore vehicles identifications 14 are shown on side-view mirror 26 contribute to driver distinguish see in side-view mirror 26 around automobile 36 Which actually travel on track.

Due to being highlighted lane markings 14 in side-view mirror 26, this provides better direction for driver.Due to Control unit 28 is in view of the position 20 of driver's eyes and position 24 and the gradient of side-view mirror 26, so lane markings 14 To be correctly oriented and be shown at appropriate position in side-view mirror 26.

Fig. 3 shows another side-view mirror 38 of the driver side positioned at vehicle.Side-view mirror 38 also includes shell 32 and anti- Layer 34 is penetrated, reflecting layer 34 is transmission for the optical signal generated by display 30.In view of driver's eyes are relative to vehicle Driver side side-view mirror 38 position 20 direction on, display 30, which is correspondingly shown, to be detected by camera 12 Lane markings 14.

Relative to other visible elements in the reflecting layer 34 of side-view mirror 26,38, the vehicle shown in side-view mirror 26,38 The information of road mark 14 or this additional coverage is highlighted.Therefore, even if under conditions of limited view, for driving For member, each in side-view mirror 26,38 is watched, lane markings 14 are high-visible.

Display 30 can activate automatically, such as depending on the visibility conditions of vehicle periphery.Display 30 can also root According to needing to activate, to make lane markings place and be shown in side-view mirror 26,38 to be correctly oriented in correct position.Example Such as, driver, which can send out corresponding order, makes control unit 28 correspondingly operate display 30.

Make lane markings 14 by operating display 30 be correctly oriented carry out display can also be in the backsight of vehicle It is completed in mirror (not shown).Therefore, in such Che Jingzhong, if driver's eyes are relative to rearview mirror or such vehicle mirror Position 20 change, then the direction of the lane markings 14 shown by display 30 also changes.

The reflecting layer 34 of vehicle mirror (such as side-view mirror 26,38) can also be replaced by screen, the screen display is by camera The image of 12 captures.On such screen or display, since control unit 28 is in view of driver's eyes are relative to vehicle mirror Position 20, therefore lane markings 14 can at appropriate position and be correctly oriented display.

In above-mentioned visualization system 10, the information handled by control unit 28 includes the position of driver's eyes It sets, the position of lane markings 14 in the position of vehicle mirror 24 and gradient and the image that is captured by camera 12 itself.Object Recognition unit (it detects the object in the image captured by camera 12) can also be integrated in control unit 28.Then it controls Unit 28 is based on the information and operates display 30, and lane markings 14 is made to be shown in such as side view with accurate position and direction The Che Jingzhong of mirror 26,38.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of visualization system for vehicle, including:At least one sighting device (26,38) is configured to display vehicle At least part of surrounding;Sensor (12) is configured to detect at least one of the part of vehicle periphery object (14);And make at least one object (14) visible apparatus at least one sighting device (26,38) (30), it is characterised in that:
The visualization system (10) further includes:Positioning device (16), be configured to determine vehicle in driver head extremely Position of few part relative at least one sighting device (26,38);And control unit (28), it is configured to operate The visible apparatus (30), to keep at least one object (14) visual on the direction in view of the position Change;
At least one sighting device (26,38) is designed as the vehicle mirror with reflecting element (34), wherein for make it is described extremely Few visual described device of an object (14) is designed as being arranged in the display (30) of the Che Jingzhong.
2. the visualization system according to claim 1 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
The positioning device (16) includes the unit (18) for being configured to determine the position (20) of at least one eye eyeball of driver.
3. the visualization system according to claim 1 or 2 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
The positioning device (16) include be configured to determine about horizontal axis and/or at least one sighting device (26, 38) unit (22) of the gradient of vertical axis.
4. the visualization system according to claim 1 or 2 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
For making at least one object visible apparatus (30) be configured to highlight at least one object (14), Relative to the other elements (36) being shown at least one sighting device (26,38).
5. the visualization system according to claim 4 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
At least one object is at least one pavement marker.
6. the visualization system according to claim 5 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
At least one pavement marker is lane markings.
7. the visualization system according to claim 1 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
At least one vehicle mirror is designed as rearview mirror and/or side-view mirror (26,38).
8. the visualization system according to claim 1 for vehicle, it is characterised in that:
The liquid crystal display and/or thin film transistor (TFT) that the display (30) is designed as being covered by the reflecting element (34) are shown Show that device, the reflecting element (34) are transmission for the optical signal generated by the display (30).
9. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that the vehicle has visualization as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7 System (10).
10. a kind of method for operating the visualization system (10) of vehicle, wherein at least one sighting device (26,38) is aobvious Show that at least part of vehicle periphery, at least one of part of vehicle periphery object (14) are examined by sensor (12) It surveys, and at least one object (14) is visualized at least one sighting device (26,38), feature exists In:
At least part of driver head in vehicle relative at least one sighting device (26,38) position by fixed Position device (16) determines, and at least one object (14) visualized on the direction in view of the position;
At least one sighting device (26,38) is designed as the vehicle mirror with reflecting element (34), wherein for make it is described extremely Few visual described device of an object (14) is designed as being arranged in the display (30) of the Che Jingzhong.
CN201380079876.3A 2013-08-07 2013-08-07 Visualization system, vehicle and the method for operating visualization system CN105658479B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2013/001855 WO2015019122A1 (en) 2013-08-07 2013-08-07 Visualization system,vehicle and method for operating a visualization system

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CN105658479A CN105658479A (en) 2016-06-08
CN105658479B true CN105658479B (en) 2018-08-31

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CN (1) CN105658479B (en)
WO (1) WO2015019122A1 (en)

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EP3030459A1 (en) 2016-06-15
CN105658479A (en) 2016-06-08

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