CN105655662B - Automatic disassembling device for waste batteries - Google Patents

Automatic disassembling device for waste batteries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105655662B
CN105655662B CN201610115955.0A CN201610115955A CN105655662B CN 105655662 B CN105655662 B CN 105655662B CN 201610115955 A CN201610115955 A CN 201610115955A CN 105655662 B CN105655662 B CN 105655662B
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battery
feeding
disassembling
seat
wheel body
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CN105655662A (en
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周东
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Nowast Environmental Science And Technology (suzhou) Co ltd
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Nowast Environmental Science And Technology (suzhou) Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Secondary Cells (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic disassembling device for waste batteries, which comprises a battery feeding and conveying device, two battery buffering material tanks, a rotary feeding unit, a disassembling fixing part and a cutter unit, wherein the two battery feeding and conveying devices are respectively positioned at two sides of the battery buffering material tanks, each battery buffering material tank is provided with a slot, the rotary feeding unit is positioned right below the slot, the rotary feeding unit can feed batteries falling from the slots into the disassembling fixing part, the cutter unit is positioned at the side surface of the disassembling fixing part, and the cutter unit can cut off an enclosure at the upper end of each battery. This automatic detaching device has avoided disassembling operating personnel's participation, can realize dismantling the automation of abandonment battery, very big improvement disassemble efficiency.

Description

Automatic disassembling device for waste batteries
The technical field is as follows:
the invention relates to the technical field of battery disassembly, in particular to an automatic disassembling device for waste batteries.
Background art:
the common dry batteries used by people in daily life mainly comprise an acid zinc-manganese battery and an alkaline zinc-manganese battery, which both contain heavy metal substances such as mercury, manganese, cadmium, lead, zinc and the like, after the waste batteries are discarded, the shells can be slowly corroded, and the heavy metal substances in the waste batteries can gradually permeate into water and soil to cause heavy metal pollution. The biggest characteristic of heavy metal pollution is that it can not be degraded in nature and only can be migrated, that is, once the water body or soil is polluted, the water body or soil can not remove the pollution by leading the self-purification function, and simultaneously, the heavy metal is easy to accumulate in the organism, so that distortion or deformation can be generated after a certain amount of heavy metal is accumulated in the organism, and the organism can die.
At present, the international waste battery treatment methods are roughly three: the solidification is buried deeply, is deposited in the waste mine, recycle, and it is the mode of green environmental protection to have no doubt recycle, and recycle must the process of disassembling of manager's battery, and present waste battery is disassembled the process and is not only inefficient, still can cause the pollutant to leak, causes the health injury to disassembling operating personnel.
The invention content is as follows:
the invention aims to provide an automatic disassembling device for waste batteries, which avoids the participation of disassembling operators, can realize the automatic disassembling of the waste batteries and greatly improves the disassembling efficiency.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides an automatic disassembling device of abandonment battery, including battery feeding conveyor, battery buffering silo, rotatory feed unit and disassemble fixed part and cutter unit, battery feeding conveyor is two, be located the both sides of battery buffering silo respectively, battery buffering silo has the slot, under rotatory feed unit is located the slot, rotatory feed unit can send into the battery that falls down from the slot and disassemble the fixed part, cutter unit is located the side of disassembling the fixed part, cutter unit can amputate battery upper end capsule.
Preferably as above-mentioned technical scheme, two battery feeding conveyor's structure is the same, all include two first supporting rollers, first rotation axis, feeding belt, feeding baffle and feeding drive arrangement, first supporting roller both ends are supported through first rotation axis, the feeding belt encircles on two first supporting rollers, feeding baffle evenly arranges on feeding belt, feeding drive arrangement includes first reduction gear, feeding motor is connected to first rotation axis through first reduction gear to drive feeding belt and rotate.
As above-mentioned technical scheme's preferred, battery buffering silo includes vertical lateral wall, the returning face plate and drive actuating cylinder, vertical lateral wall, the number of returning face plate and drive actuating cylinder is two, the upper end of vertical lateral wall is fixed with two ear seats, the returning face plate passes through the articulated shaft to be fixed on the ear seat, it is located between returning face plate and the vertical lateral wall to drive actuating cylinder, be used for driving the returning face plate and rotate around the articulated shaft, two returning face plates constitute the V type buffering silo that has the seam groove, along with driving actuating cylinder drive angle's difference, can adjust the stock capacity of buffering silo.
As above-mentioned technical scheme's preferred, drive actuating cylinder and pass through cylinder fixing base and vertical lateral wall fixed connection, the piston rod that drives actuating cylinder is connected with the returning face plate is articulated.
As above-mentioned technical scheme's preferred, rotatory feed unit is including rotatory feedwheel and feed pipe, the battery of rotatory feedwheel transmission is accepted to the feed pipe, and carry the battery to disassembling the fixed part, rotatory feedwheel includes the wheel body, the rotating electrical machines, a tip fixedly connected with rotating electrical machines of wheel body, the wheel body rotates under the drive of rotating electrical machines, seted up on the wheel body with battery size looks adaptation cell body, the battery can get into the cell body, and rotate the in-process at the wheel body and get into the feed pipe along with the rotation of rotatory feedwheel, one side that the wheel body is close to the feed pipe still is provided with the dog, the battery skew can be avoided to the dog.
As above-mentioned technical scheme's preferred, still be provided with the vacuum adsorption hole on the wheel body of rotatory feeding wheel, the vacuum adsorption hole is located the cell body on the wheel body, and the quantity in vacuum adsorption hole is a plurality of, and evenly distributed is in the cell body, and the vacuum adsorption hole provides the negative pressure by the vacuum pump, and the vacuum pump passes through sealed pipeline vacuum adsorption hole UNICOM, and sealed pipeline is located inside the wheel body.
As above-mentioned technical scheme's preferred, disassemble the fixed part including disassembling the seat, disassemble and offer the mounting hole the same with the battery size on the seat, disassemble the seat and pass through supporting shoe slidable mounting on vertical track, be provided with two bracing pieces on the supporting shoe, disassemble the seat and install on the bracing piece through the pivot, it still is connected with telescopic cylinder to disassemble between seat and the supporting shoe, telescopic cylinder's flexible upset that can realize disassembling the seat, thereby pour the battery after disassembling into the bin, vertical track passes through slider and transverse rail connection, it can be along vertical track under drive arrangement's effect to disassemble the seat, transverse rail removes, with the position relation between regulation and the feed pipe.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: this automatic detaching device has avoided disassembling operating personnel's participation, can realize dismantling the automation of abandonment battery, very big improvement disassemble efficiency.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a battery feed conveyor;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a rotary feed wheel;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the disassembled fixing part.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
in order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
As shown in fig. 1, the automatic dismantling device for waste batteries comprises a battery feeding and conveying device 1, two battery buffering material tanks 2, a rotary feeding unit, a dismantling fixing part 4 and a cutter unit 5, wherein the battery feeding and conveying devices 1 are respectively positioned on two sides of the battery buffering material tanks 2, the battery buffering material tanks 2 are provided with slots, the rotary feeding unit is positioned under the slots, the rotary feeding unit can feed batteries falling from the slots into the dismantling fixing part 4, the cutter unit 5 is positioned on the side surface of the dismantling fixing part 4, and the cutter unit 5 can cut off the upper end of a battery enclosure.
As shown in fig. 2, the two battery feeding and conveying devices 1 have the same structure, and each of the two battery feeding and conveying devices includes two first support rollers 11, a first rotating shaft 12, a feeding belt 13, a feeding baffle 14 and a feeding driving device, two ends of each first support roller 11 are supported by the corresponding first rotating shaft 12, the feeding belt 13 surrounds the two first support rollers 11, the feeding baffle 14 is uniformly arranged on the feeding belt 13, and the feeding driving device includes a first speed reducer and a feeding motor, and the feeding motor is connected to the first rotating shaft 12 through the first speed reducer, so as to drive the feeding belt 13 to rotate.
Battery buffering silo 2 includes vertical lateral wall 21, returning face plate 23 and drive actuating cylinder 22, vertical lateral wall 21, returning face plate 23 and the number that drives actuating cylinder 22 are two, the upper end of vertical lateral wall 21 is fixed with two ear seats 25, returning face plate 23 passes through articulated shaft 24 to be fixed on ear seat 25, it is located between returning face plate 23 and the vertical lateral wall 21 to drive actuating cylinder 22, be used for driving the returning face plate to rotate around articulated shaft 24, two returning face plates 23 constitute the V type buffering silo that has the slot, along with the difference of driving actuating cylinder 22 drive angle, can adjust the material stock capacity of buffering silo.
Specifically, drive actuating cylinder 22 and vertical lateral wall 21 fixed connection through the cylinder fixing base, the piston rod that drives actuating cylinder 22 is connected with the returning face plate 23 is articulated.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the rotary feeding unit includes a rotary feeding wheel 31 and a feeding pipe 32, the feeding pipe 32 receives the battery transferred by the rotary feeding wheel 31 and conveys the battery to the disassembling fixing portion 4, the rotary feeding wheel 31 includes a wheel body and a rotating motor, one end of the wheel body is fixedly connected with the rotating motor, and the wheel body is driven by the rotating motor to rotate. The wheel body is provided with a groove body matched with the size of the battery, and the battery can enter the groove body and enter the feeding pipe 32 along with the rotation of the rotary feeding wheel in the rotating process of the wheel body. In addition, a stopper 33 is further disposed on one side of the wheel body close to the feed pipe 32, and the stopper 33 can prevent the battery from shifting.
In addition, still be provided with vacuum adsorption hole (not shown in the figure) on the wheel body of rotatory feeding wheel, the vacuum adsorption hole is located the cell body on the wheel body, and the quantity in vacuum adsorption hole is a plurality of, and evenly distributed is in the cell body, and the vacuum adsorption hole provides the negative pressure by the vacuum pump, and the vacuum pump passes through sealed pipeline vacuum adsorption hole UNICOM, and sealed pipeline is located inside the wheel body.
As shown in fig. 4, the disassembling fixing portion 4 includes a disassembling seat 41, a mounting hole 40 having the same size as the battery is formed in the disassembling seat 41, the disassembling seat 41 is slidably mounted on a longitudinal rail 45 through a supporting block 42, two supporting rods 43 are provided on the supporting block 42, the disassembling seat 41 is mounted on the supporting rods 43 through a rotating shaft 44, a telescopic cylinder 48 is further connected between the disassembling seat 41 and the supporting block 42, the telescopic cylinder 48 can stretch to realize the turnover of the disassembling seat 41, so as to pour the disassembled battery into a storage box, the longitudinal rail 45 is connected with a transverse rail 46 through a slider 47, the disassembling seat 41 can move along the longitudinal rail 45 and the transverse rail 46 under the action of a driving device, and the positional relationship between the adjusting and feeding pipe 32 is adjusted.
The examples are intended to illustrate the invention, but not to limit it. The described embodiments may be modified by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and therefore, the scope of the appended claims should be accorded the full scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides an automatic dismounting device of abandonment battery which characterized in that: the battery disassembling device comprises two battery feeding and conveying devices (1), two battery buffering material tanks (2), a rotary feeding unit, a disassembling fixing part (4) and a cutter unit (5), wherein the two battery feeding and conveying devices (1) are respectively positioned on two sides of the battery buffering material tanks (2), the battery buffering material tanks (2) are provided with slots, the rotary feeding unit is positioned under the slots, the rotary feeding unit can convey batteries falling from the slots into the disassembling fixing part (4), and the cutter unit (5) used for cutting off enclosures at the upper ends of the batteries is positioned on the side surface of the disassembling fixing part (4);
the two battery feeding conveying devices (1) are identical in structure and respectively comprise two first supporting rollers (11), first rotating shafts (12), feeding belts (13), feeding baffle plates (14) and a feeding driving device, wherein two ends of each first supporting roller (11) are supported through the corresponding first rotating shaft (12), the feeding belts (13) surround the two first supporting rollers (11), the feeding baffle plates (14) are uniformly arranged on the feeding belts (13), the feeding driving device comprises a first speed reducer and a feeding motor, and the feeding motor is connected to the corresponding first rotating shafts (12) through the corresponding first speed reducers so as to drive the feeding belts (13) to rotate;
battery buffering silo (2) are including vertical lateral wall (21), returning face plate (23) and drive actuating cylinder (22), vertical lateral wall (21), the number of returning face plate (23) and drive actuating cylinder (22) is two, the upper end of vertical lateral wall (21) is fixed with two ear seats (25), returning face plate (23) are fixed on ear seat (25) through articulated shaft (24), it is located between returning face plate (23) and vertical lateral wall (21) to drive actuating cylinder (22), be used for driving the returning face plate and rotate around articulated shaft (24), two returning face plate (23) constitute the V type buffering silo that has the slot, along with driving actuating cylinder (22) drive angle's difference, can adjust the stock capacity of buffering silo.
2. The automatic disassembling device for waste batteries according to claim 1, wherein: the driving cylinder (22) is fixedly connected with the vertical side wall (21) through a cylinder fixing seat, and a piston rod of the driving cylinder (22) is hinged with the turnover plate (23).
3. The automatic disassembling device for waste batteries according to claim 1, wherein: rotatory feed unit is including rotatory feeding wheel (31) and feed pipe (32), the battery of rotatory feeding wheel (31) transmission is accepted in feed pipe (32), and carry the battery to disassembling fixed part (4), rotatory feeding wheel (31) are including the wheel body, the rotating electrical machines, a tip fixedly connected with rotating electrical machines of wheel body, the wheel body rotates under the drive of rotating electrical machines, seted up on the wheel body with battery size looks adaptation cell body, the battery can get into the cell body, and rotate the in-process at the wheel body and get into feed pipe (32) along with the rotation of rotatory feeding wheel, one side that the wheel body is close to feed pipe (32) still is provided with dog (33) of avoiding the battery skew.
4. The automatic disassembling device for waste batteries according to claim 3, wherein: still be provided with the vacuum adsorption hole on the wheel body of rotatory feeding wheel, the vacuum adsorption hole is located the cell body on the wheel body, and the quantity in vacuum adsorption hole is a plurality of, and evenly distributed is in the cell body, and the vacuum adsorption hole provides the negative pressure by the vacuum pump, and the vacuum pump passes through sealed pipeline vacuum adsorption hole UNICOM, and sealed pipeline is located inside the wheel body.
5. The automatic disassembling device for waste batteries according to claim 1, wherein: disassemble fixed part (4) including disassembling seat (41), disassemble and offer mounting hole (40) the same with the battery size on seat (41), disassemble seat (41) through supporting shoe (42) slidable mounting on vertical track (45), be provided with two bracing pieces (43) on supporting shoe (42), disassemble seat (41) and install on bracing piece (43) through pivot (44), it still is connected with telescopic cylinder (48) to disassemble between seat (41) and supporting shoe (42), the upset of disassembling seat (41) can be realized to telescopic cylinder (48) flexible, thereby pour the battery after disassembling into the bin, vertical track (45) are connected with horizontal track (46) through slider (47), it can be along vertical track (45) under drive arrangement's effect to disassemble seat (41), horizontal track (46) remove.
CN201610115955.0A 2016-03-02 2016-03-02 Automatic disassembling device for waste batteries Active CN105655662B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105655662B true CN105655662B (en) 2018-01-23

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107248598B (en) * 2017-06-27 2019-08-20 荆门市格林美新材料有限公司 A kind of lithium battery dismantling platform
CN108565517A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-21 李慧 The recovery method of lithium battery
CN110556603B (en) * 2018-05-31 2024-02-27 湖南工业大学 Waste dry battery splitting treatment system and method
CN110661053B (en) * 2019-10-03 2020-11-27 国网江苏省电力有限公司苏州供电分公司 Scrapped storage battery polar plate disassembling device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2925645Y (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-07-25 深圳市格林美高新技术有限公司 Automatic sorting machine for waste batteries
KR101231893B1 (en) * 2011-03-22 2013-02-08 주식회사 익스톨 Apparatus for recycling the waste lithium battery
CN103296294B (en) * 2013-05-29 2015-06-10 安徽理工大学 Automatic dismantling and separating device for waste dry cell and dismantling and separating method
CN205376682U (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-06 普利资环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Automatic disassembling device for waste batteries

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