CN105618192A - Multifunctional crusher - Google Patents

Multifunctional crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105618192A
CN105618192A CN201610182831.4A CN201610182831A CN105618192A CN 105618192 A CN105618192 A CN 105618192A CN 201610182831 A CN201610182831 A CN 201610182831A CN 105618192 A CN105618192 A CN 105618192A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing chamber
discharge
stalk
blade
discharge gate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610182831.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄元超
任丽娜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Yuxin Industrial Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Yuxin Industrial Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Yuxin Industrial Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Yuxin Industrial Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610182831.4A priority Critical patent/CN105618192A/en
Publication of CN105618192A publication Critical patent/CN105618192A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28609Discharge means

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional crusher, comprising a crushing cavity; a feeding hole is formed in the top part of one end of the crushing cavity; a discharge hole is formed in the side wall of the other end of the crushing cavity; a main shaft is arranged in the crushing cavity; the main shaft is provided with cutters; planetary shafts are arranged in the circumferential direction of the cutters; each planetary shaft is provided with arc blades; each arc blade is arranged between every corresponding two cutters; the main shaft near the position of the discharge hole is provided with a material stop ring; and the material stop ring is near the cutters. The quality problem of crushing, i.e., the size adjustment problem, and the continuous operation problem of crushing, i.e., the machine blocking problem are solved.

Description

A kind of multifunctional crusher
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical equipment technical field, it is specifically related to a kind of agricultural multifunctional crusher.
Background technology
Country widelys popularize the project utilizing biological straw to produce fertilizer, and when actual crushed stalk, the technology of employing and Problems existing can be described below:
1, traditional mill structure installs 1 or many main shafts in crushing chamber, main shaft is installed cutterhead, cutterhead is fixed 2-4 root planet axis, planet axis is installed the blade of some amount, blade drives high speed rotating by main shaft, and stalk is carried out hammering, thus reaches the object of pulverizing. The bottom of crushing chamber is provided with screen cloth. Stalk is from top charging, and the material crushed is by discharging after brush net filtration.
2, stalk contain a certain amount of earth, plastic ties and plastics film, containing the water content more than 60%, the stalk material pulverized is caused to form sticky shape, by getting rid of of blade centrifugal force, the stalk material of sticky shape can stick on the inwall of crushing chamber, and by the continuous strike of blade, very hard adhering layer can be formed at inner chamber, make crushing chamber more and more less, the friction with this surface is increased when blade rotates, increase the abrasion of cutter, last Disintegrating knife can not work, it is necessary to often opens inner chamber and clears up;
Meanwhile, the stalk material of sticky shape is difficult to be discharged by the hole of screen cloth, causes the blocking of screen cloth, and stalk material a large amount of time serious overstocks in crushing chamber, and cutter can not be rotated, thus dead equipment of choking. Only shut down and open crushing chamber and clear up.
3 and the object of screen cloth is the size ensureing to be controlled by the filtration of screen cloth to pulverize, big can not get rid of, and satisfactory just can eject. If cancelling screen cloth, can not ensureing the complete of crushing chamber, the stalk that can not ensure not meet dimensional requirement continues to pulverize until qualified.
The size that above problem causes pulverizing is only controlled by the diameter in the hole of screen cloth, and stalk big containing earth, water content, containing being permitted polymictic situation, cause again existing disintegrating apparatus cannot solve the problem of blocking. It is thus desirable to tradition disintegrating apparatus is carried out improvement and bring new ideas.
At present, on market, the shortcoming of stalk crasher can be summarized as follows:
1, cannot by adjustment equipment inherent parameters control pulverize size, can only be single carry out controlling dimension size by sieve screen apertures diameter.
2, cannot solve water content big, containing blockage problem in crushing process of the stalk of earth, plastic ties and plastics film.
3, the material after pulverizing needs logistics equipment or manpower to carry out transhipment stacking, is unfavorable for Cost Control, have impact on production efficiency simultaneously on time and cost.
For above problem, the present invention innovates from device structure, can overcome the above problems completely. Namely it is an object of the invention to solve and pulverize quality problems and device blockage.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiency that prior art exists, the invention solves at all kinds of stalk, such as, in the production process of the biological organic fertilizers such as vegetables, medicinal material, food crop, unqualified containing earth, brick and stone, plastic ties, plastics film, more than blockage problem when pulverizing of the stalk of 60% moisture with pulverize size not by the adjustment problem that controls flexibly of device parameter. Also it is exactly the quality problems, i.e. the size adjusting problem that solve pulverizing, the continuous shop problem of pulverizing, i.e. machine blockage problem.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of multifunctional crusher, comprise crushing chamber, top, described crushing chamber one end is provided with opening for feed, crushing chamber the other end sidewall is provided with discharge gate, is provided with main shaft in described crushing chamber, and described main shaft is provided with cutterhead, described cutterhead circumferential direction is provided with planet axis, and described planet axis is provided with cambered blade.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, described cambered blade is located between two between cutterhead, and the described main shaft near discharge gate position is provided with blocking material ring, and described blocking material ring is near cutterhead.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, described cambered blade is divided into upper and lower two portions, take centerline as break, and upper part angle of inclination is 0 ��-45 �� and bending angle is 5 ��-15 ��.
Cambered blade can not only play the effect of pulverizing, cambered blade can produce side direction, axial impellent when high speed rotating simultaneously, make the stalk in pulverizer while pulverizing, side direction, namely axial impellent can also be received, namely cambered blade can play the effect of worm conveyor, stalk material in crushing chamber is pushed to discharge gate, by physical action discharging.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, the described main shaft near discharge gate position is provided with discharge blade row, described discharge blade row near blocking material ring and corresponding with discharge gate.
Arranging discharge blade row, by the high speed rotating of discharge blade row, discharged powerful for the stalk material passed from crushing chamber by discharge gate at a high speed, the stalk material crushed can discharge more than 15 meters. By the adjustment of discharge gate discharge angle, it is possible to the height of adjustment discharge, reduce the workload of windrow transfer.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, the opening of described opening for feed is from top to bottom to contract, and the outer side wall of opening for feed is corresponding with first cutterhead of described crushing chamber inner main axis starting end.
In the design of opening for feed, owing to there is no blade between the inwall of crushing chamber and first cutterhead, entering stalk material wherein is cannot pulverize and discharge, therefore opening for feed offsets a distance to diagram left direction, namely the outer side wall of opening for feed is corresponding with the cutterhead of described crushing chamber inner main axis starting end, makes can not enter during stalk material charging in diagram between crushing chamber inwall and first cutterhead.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, described discharge gate is movable connection with crushing chamber, and the described discharge gate angle that raises up is 0 ��-45 ��, thus adjusts discharge height and distance.
The angle that raises up of discharge gate can adjust, and original state is 0 �� of parallel discharging, so just can according to need of production, and the height and distance of adjustment discharge, adapts to the requirement of dump.
The advantage of multifunctional crusher of the present invention is:
1, multifunctional crusher, cambered blade can not only play the effect of pulverizing, cambered blade can produce side direction, axial impellent when high speed rotating simultaneously, make the stalk in pulverizer while pulverizing, can also receiving side direction, namely axial impellent, namely cambered blade can play the effect of worm conveyor, and the stalk material in crushing chamber is pushed to discharge port, by physical action discharging, utilize above-mentioned principle to solve the blockage problem of crushing chamber simultaneously.
2, multifunctional crusher, can by the adjustment of the technical parameters such as the adjustment of the size adjustment of the adjustment of cambered blade quantity, blocking material ring, cutter diameter adjustment, speed of mainshaft adjustment, main axis length, reach the object of the size of the stalk material after adjustment pulverizing, simultaneously by the adjustment of these parameters, reach the object of adjustment crush efficiency.
3, multifunctional crusher, by the design of discharge blade row, accelerates the discharge velocity of stalk material, and then better avoids stalk material overstocking in crushing chamber, avoids blocking.
4, multifunctional crusher, by discharge gate raise up angular adjustment and discharge blade row with the use of, it is possible to realize the discharge distance of 15-20 rice, decrease the secondary displacement of material, simultaneously by the design of discharge gate angle, the lift height of adjustment discharge.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is left view of the present invention
Fig. 3 is vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is stereographic map of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that cambered blade of the present invention produces axial impellent when rotated;
Fig. 6 is cambered blade front view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is cambered blade side-view of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, the principle of work of multi-functional disintegrating machine is, stalk material 10 is fed to crushing chamber 9 by opening for feed 1, by the rotation of driven by motor main shaft 2, realize rotating and axially advancing realization to the multistage hammering of stalk 10 step by step of cambered blade 5, reach and shatter and control the object shattering size, then by the rotation of discharge blade row 6, the stalk material 10 after pulverizing is got rid of from discharge gate 7.
Stalk after pulverizing is not discharge from the bottom of crushing chamber, but is discharged from the side of the other end of opening for feed 1 by discharge blade row 6. In crushing chamber 9, stalk material 10 moves axially along major axes orientation from feed end to discharge end. Realize principle be this multifunctional crusher Disintegrating knife adopt be cambered blade, the blade of high speed rotating is when hammering stalk material 10, owing to the impellent of side direction can be produced during cambered blade high speed rotating, namely reach the similar conveying effect of worm conveyor by the blade of rotation, thus realize moving axially of stalk material 10. The stalk material 10 crushed just can from an endfeed of crushing chamber, the other end discharging. Due to physical action, no matter stalk material water content is how many, how many containing earth, no matter is sticky shape or powdery, can be pushed to the other end from one end of crushing chamber 9, discharged by the rotation of discharge blade row 6, can not produce latch up phenomenon.
Stalk material size adjustment aspect after being pulverized, it is possible to realize in the following manner: 1. realized the control pulverizing level time by the quantity of adjustment cambered blade, thus reach the object that rear stalk size is pulverized in adjustment. 2. the discharge end of crushing chamber is provided with blocking material ring, adjusts the speed of discharging by adjusting the size of blocking material ring, and then grinding time is short soon in discharging, and the size after pulverizing is big, and the time that discharging is then pulverized slowly is long, and the size after pulverizing is little. 3. realize the adjustment pulverizing size by the rotating speed of adjustment main shaft; 4. by the adjustment of cutter diameter, pulverizing size is adjusted; 5. pulverizing size is adjusted by increasing or shorten the length of main shaft;
The adjustment of above technical parameter, it is also possible to simultaneously adjust crush efficiency;
After the stalk material 10 pulverized is discharged to one end of crushing chamber 9, adopt discharge blade row 6, the impellent produced by high speed rotating and the principle of centrifugal force, stalk material 10 is discharged from discharge gate 7 brute force, it is unlikely to be trapped in crushing chamber 9, realize the discharge distance of 15-20 rice simultaneously, by the adjustment of discharge gate 7 discharge angle, the height of lift can be realized simultaneously.
The main technical details of multifunctional crusher is as follows:
Cutter diameter: 380-650mm;
Blade axis rotary speed: 1440-2700r/min;
Disintegrating knife quantity: according to dimensional requirement adjustable.
As shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, a kind of multifunctional crusher, comprises crushing chamber 9, and top, described crushing chamber 9 one end is provided with opening for feed 1, crushing chamber 9 the other end sidewall is provided with discharge gate 7, being provided with main shaft 2 in described crushing chamber 9, described main shaft 2 is provided with cutterhead 3, and described cutterhead 3 circumferential direction is provided with planet axis 4, described planet axis 4 is provided with cambered blade 5, described cambered blade 5 is located between two between cutterhead 3, and the described main shaft 2 near discharge gate 7 position is provided with blocking material ring 8, and described blocking material ring 8 is near cutterhead 3.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, as shown in Figure 6,7, described cambered blade 5 is divided into upper and lower two portions, up and down symmetrically structure, it is ensured that changes head after blade abrasion and uses, extends blade life. For ease of the making of cambered blade, from the mode of the bending of oblique line shown in Fig. 7, taking centerline as break, upper part angle of inclination is 0 ��-45 �� and bending angle is 5 ��-15 ��, according to the actual adjustment of production.
Cambered blade can not only play the effect of pulverizing, cambered blade can produce side direction, axial impellent when high speed rotating simultaneously, make the stalk material in pulverizer while pulverizing, side direction, namely axial impellent can also be received, namely cambered blade can play the effect of worm conveyor, stalk material in crushing chamber is pushed to discharge gate, by physical action discharging.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, as shown in Fig. 1,4, the described main shaft 2 near discharge gate 7 position is provided with discharge blade row 6, described discharge blade row 6 near blocking material ring 8 and corresponding with discharge gate 7.
Arranging discharge blade row, by the high speed rotating of discharge blade row, discharged powerful for the stalk material passed from crushing chamber by discharge gate at a high speed, the stalk material crushed can discharge more than 15 meters. By the adjustment of discharge gate discharge angle, it is possible to the height of adjustment discharge, reduce the workload of windrow transfer.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, as shown in Fig. 1,4, the opening of described opening for feed 1 is from top to bottom to contract, and the outer side wall of opening for feed 1 is corresponding with first cutterhead 3 of described crushing chamber 9 inner main axis 2 starting end.
As shown in Fig. 1,4, in the design of opening for feed, owing to there is no blade between the inwall of crushing chamber and first cutterhead, entering stalk material wherein is cannot pulverize and discharge, therefore opening for feed offsets a distance to diagram left direction, namely the outer side wall of opening for feed 1 is corresponding with the cutterhead 3 of described crushing chamber 9 inner main axis 2 starting end, makes can not enter during stalk material charging shown in Fig. 1 middle between crushing chamber inwall and first cutterhead.
Above-mentioned multifunctional crusher, as shown in Fig. 1,4, described discharge gate 7 and crushing chamber 9 is connected for movable, and described discharge gate 7 angle that raises up is 0 ��-45 ��, thus adjusts discharge height and distance.
The angle that raises up of discharge gate can adjust, and original state is 0 �� of parallel discharging, so just can according to need of production, and the height and distance of adjustment discharge, adapts to the requirement of dump.
As shown in Figure 5, stalk material 10 when rotated, can be carried out hammering, reach the object of pulverizing by cambered blade 5. Meanwhile, cambered blade 5 when rotated, the front end contacts side surfaces stalk material 10 of cambered blade 5, there is the protrusion distance of an axis side, rear end and side, front end, this distance combines with rotation, will produce axial impellent, and this impellent will promote stalk material 10 to move axially. When multiple cambered blade 5 high speed rotating, stalk material 10 continuous axial, just as worm conveyor, is promoted, the object that the stalk material 10 reached in crushing chamber 9 moves from feed end to discharge end by the combined effect of generation.
Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to above-mentioned citing; those skilled in the art; in the essential scope of the present invention, change, change, interpolation or the replacement made, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a multifunctional crusher, comprise crushing chamber (9), it is characterized in that: described crushing chamber (9) top, one end is provided with opening for feed (1), crushing chamber (9) the other end sidewall is provided with discharge gate (7), main shaft (2) it is provided with in described crushing chamber (9), described main shaft (2) is provided with cutterhead (3), and described cutterhead (3) circumferential direction is provided with planet axis (4), and described planet axis (4) is provided with cambered blade (5).
2. multifunctional crusher according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cambered blade (5) is located between two between cutterhead (3), the described main shaft (2) near discharge gate (7) position is provided with blocking material ring (8), and described blocking material ring (8) is near cutterhead (3).
3. multifunctional crusher according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described cambered blade (5) is divided into upper and lower two portions, take centerline as break, and upper part angle of inclination is 0 ��-45 �� and bending angle is 5 ��-15 ��.
4. multifunctional crusher according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the described main shaft (2) near discharge gate (7) position is provided with discharge blade row (6), described discharge blade row (6) near blocking material ring (8) and corresponding with discharge gate (7).
5. multifunctional crusher according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the opening of described opening for feed (1) is from top to bottom to contract, and the outer side wall of opening for feed (1) is corresponding with first cutterhead (3) of described crushing chamber (9) inner main axis (2) starting end.
6. multifunctional crusher according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described discharge gate (7) is connected for movable with crushing chamber (9), and described discharge gate (7) angle that raises up is 0 ��-45 ��.
CN201610182831.4A 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Multifunctional crusher Pending CN105618192A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610182831.4A CN105618192A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Multifunctional crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610182831.4A CN105618192A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Multifunctional crusher

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN105618192A true CN105618192A (en) 2016-06-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106799278A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-06 光大环保技术研究院(深圳)有限公司 Crushing and screening device
CN113561344A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-10-29 深圳市匠心智汇科技有限公司 Blade rotating speed control method and device, terminal equipment and storage medium

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056703A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-09-24 古廷伟 Extrusion grinder
CN204134709U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-02-04 泰州明锋资源再生科技有限公司 A kind of stock-cutter
CN104525326A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-22 芜湖中艺企业管理咨询有限公司 Straw pulverizer
CN204469830U (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-07-15 张勇 sweet potato special crushing device
CN205587065U (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-09-21 青岛钰鑫工业装备有限公司 Multifunctional crusher

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056703A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-09-24 古廷伟 Extrusion grinder
CN204134709U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-02-04 泰州明锋资源再生科技有限公司 A kind of stock-cutter
CN104525326A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-22 芜湖中艺企业管理咨询有限公司 Straw pulverizer
CN204469830U (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-07-15 张勇 sweet potato special crushing device
CN205587065U (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-09-21 青岛钰鑫工业装备有限公司 Multifunctional crusher

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106799278A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-06 光大环保技术研究院(深圳)有限公司 Crushing and screening device
CN113561344A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-10-29 深圳市匠心智汇科技有限公司 Blade rotating speed control method and device, terminal equipment and storage medium
CN113561344B (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-12-28 深圳市匠心智汇科技有限公司 Blade rotating speed control method and device, terminal equipment and storage medium

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