CN105613210A - Labyrinth type water saving device for orchard - Google Patents

Labyrinth type water saving device for orchard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105613210A
CN105613210A CN201410603195.9A CN201410603195A CN105613210A CN 105613210 A CN105613210 A CN 105613210A CN 201410603195 A CN201410603195 A CN 201410603195A CN 105613210 A CN105613210 A CN 105613210A
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China
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water
labyrinth
region
tree
hole
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CN201410603195.9A
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CN105613210B (en
Inventor
郑浩
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Taixing Dongcheng Water Treatment Engineering Co., Ltd.
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Shenyang Chuangda Technology Trade Market Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a labyrinth type water saving device for an orchard. The labyrinth type water saving device is characterized in that an irrigation quantifying device is connected with a mechanical water outlet, the mechanical water outlet is connected with an irrigation waterway, and the irrigation waterway is connected with a water inlet of each labyrinth area; the irrigation quantifying device enables a certain volume of water to enter the irrigation waterway through the mechanical water outlet, the water in the irrigation waterway flows into a first labyrinth area through the corresponding water inlet in turn, the water in the irrigation waterway then flows into a second labyrinth area through the corresponding water inlet after irrigation water of all tree-side pits connected by inter-pit communicating ditches in the first labyrinth area is full, and each labyrinth area is subjected to quantified irrigation in turn in such a manner; and part of water is reserved in plant stems after the plant stems are completely drenched by the irrigation water, the other part of water in the pits infiltrates soil at the two sides of each pit, and the water reserved in the plant stems can be used for offering subsequent supplement when fruit trees need water. The labyrinth type water saving device for the orchard has the advantages of water saving and cost reducing.

Description

Orchard labyrinth type water saving device
Technical fieldThe present invention relates to a kind of water-saving irrigation field, relate particularly to the technical field of orchard labyrinth type water saving device.
Background technologyArea is lacked in water resource, what in orchard, the adult fruit tree of plantation was worried most is can not irrigate in time during growing, hydropenia can affect the growth of fruit on fruit tree, especially summer and autumn, fruit on fruit tree is expanding trophophase, as irrigated moisturizing not in time, childlike even the coming off from tree of fruit can be made to affect the quality and yield of fruit. For conserving water, make fruit tree can reach uninterrupted water supply in arid area and obtain good harvest, people come up with the method for many water savings, although such as method very science and using water wisely such as sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigations, fruit tree can be made again to reach continual water supply, but owing to front current cost puts into too high, generally allow people beyond affordability. People thirst for the purpose that a kind of early investment cost can be had low and can reach water saving very much, allow fruit tree can uninterruptedly obtain again the good method without interruption of water simultaneously.
Summary of the inventionIt is an object of the invention to for the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of early investment cost is low and can reach the purpose economized on water, and allows fruit tree can uninterruptedly obtain again the orchard labyrinth type water saving device without interruption of water simultaneously.
The present invention is that the region, labyrinth of horizontal level, catch feeder, machinery outlet and quantifying irrigation device are constituted by several ground surfaces following; Connection zanjon, ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar between water inlet, the other dell of tree, hole implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, hole it is provided with in region, each labyrinth.
The connected mode of the present invention is: irrigates proportioning device and is connected with machinery outlet, machinery outlet is connected with catch feeder, catch feeder is connected with water inlet in region, each labyrinth, between water inlet with hole, connection ditch is connected, the other dell of tree, built with plant stalk, connects in zanjon between hole and has ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar.
Region, labyrinth: be distributed on ground surface in orchard and have several regions, plot being horizontal level, a fruit tree or some fruit trees are had in region, each plot, each region mainly arranges division according to the flowing water drop difference of physical features height, one or more region can be divided into, the ground surface in each region is on a horizontal line, zanjon is connected because having between the other dell of several trees surrounding fruit tree and hole in each horizontal level region, intersect like labyrinth shape, so claiming it is region, labyrinth.
Catch feeder: for the flowing water loss avoiding field soil catch feeder to be become, this technology adopts packaged type hose, and tree side of can going directly carries out irrigation and uses, and its length can adopt stagewise to connect; One end of catch feeder is connected with machinery outlet, and the other end is connected with water inlet in region, each labyrinth.
Machinery outlet and quantifying irrigation device: quantifying irrigation device is to adopt the water rate control increased when electrically or mechanically drawing water from water source and time to control, the purpose of its design is the water yield and the time that control to irrigate in region, each labyrinth, and its machinery outlet is connected with quantifying irrigation device.
The other dell of tree: the other dell of tree is along tree periphery, namely inside tree crown edge, annular or a pentalpha dell is deep-cut around tree under ground surface, the hole degree of depth is 30-60 centimetre, and hole inner width is 30-40 centimetre, and the size of annular or pentalpha dell is determined according to the size of tree crown.
Hole implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar: bottom lays wheat bran or bran coat, the wooden dipper dress material of its bran can effectively stop under underground water and oozes, and thickness is 10-20 centimetre, and above section is treaded or branch soil compaction after placing corn stalk or the plant stalk such as wheat straw or weeds group.
Zanjon is connected: between the other dell of each tree in region, each labyrinth, being connected with connection zanjon between hole, connect the deep 20-40 centimetre of zanjon between hole, hole inner width is 30-40 centimetre between hole.
Ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar: place corn stalk or the plant stalk such as wheat straw or weeds group, tread after placement or with point type soil compaction.
The operation principle of this device:
Irrigate proportioning device and a number of water is entered catch feeder through machinery outlet, water in catch feeder flows in region, first labyrinth through water inlet in order, after the other dell irrigation water of each tree that is connected through connection ditch between hole in region, labyrinth is full, catch feeder flows in region, second labyrinth then through water inlet, quantifying irrigation is carried out in order by that analogy in region, each labyrinth, because will not form the situation of a large amount of water flow losses in horizontal level, another situation is water dark place flowing in the other zanjon plant stalk of tree under ground surface substantially, little open fire, evaporation loss can be reduced.
In the other dell of tree in region, each labyrinth, equipped with plant stalk wet through by the water filling entrance after a part of water is retained in plant stalk, another part water in hole oozes and contacts with the capillary root hair of usage tree root in the soil of both sides, hole, and its capillary root hair is the main channel that fruit tree absorbs moisture and nutrient. The capillary root hair of usage tree root is partially dispersed in the vertical underground position in tree crown edge more, near the soil of the other dell wall of tree.
It is retained in the water in plant stalk, can follow-up supplement when fruit tree needs water, because plant stalk is originally as capillary structure body, the water being stored in plant stalk can be penetrated in soil and draw for the capillary root hair of tree, especially the ground surface in region, labyrinth is horizontal level, and being reserved in the water in the plant stalk of underground can carry out oozing balanced use according to the needs of fruit tree mutually.
When meeting it rains, the rainwater storage that the plant stalk in the other dell of tree in region, each labyrinth can flow into, as set other dell wall soil do not need water time, longer can store water in and use when needing in order to sky drought in plant stalk.
The scope of application of the present invention is bearing orchard arboretum.
Advantages of the present invention;
1, early investment cost is low. Substantially manual operation, its quantifying irrigation device adopts manual time-keeping manual adjustments or economic condition to allow to adopt electronic equipment.
2, the purpose of water saving is reached. Because little open fire is irrigated, evaporation of water and the loss of a large amount of water can be reduced. This technology can be economized on water three to five times than the pouring mode of traditional flood irrigation, also saves substantial amounts of artificial and electric machinery expense simultaneously.
3, the water storage function adopting plant stalk and the capillary osmotic irrigation technology contacted with soil, continuable for phytoremediation. Fruit tree sky drought is allowed to need uninterruptedly obtain the without interruption of water during water.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:Fig. 1 is orchard labyrinth type water saving device.
Detailed description of the invention
Example 1, at the orchard labyrinth type water saving device described in Fig. 1, by several ground surfaces following be the region, labyrinth 9 of horizontal level, catch feeder 3, machinery outlet 2 and quantifying irrigation device 1 constitute; Connection zanjon 6, ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar between water inlet 10, the other dell 4 of tree, hole implants Fructus Citri tangerinae 5 bar, hole it is provided with in region, each labyrinth 9. Irrigate proportioning device 1 to be connected with machinery outlet 2, machinery outlet 2 is connected with catch feeder 3, catch feeder 3 is connected with water inlet 10 in region, each labyrinth 9, between water inlet 10 with hole, connection ditch 6 is connected, connect ditch 6 between hole to be connected with the other dell 4 of tree, the other dell 4 of tree, built with plant stalk 5, connects in zanjon 6 between hole and has been also equipped with ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar.
Irrigate proportioning device 1 and a number of water is entered catch feeder 3 through machinery outlet 2, water in catch feeder 3 flows in region, first labyrinth 9 through water inlet 10 in order, after other dell 4 irrigation water of each tree that is connected through connection ditch 6 between hole in region, labyrinth 9 is full, catch feeder 3 flows in region, second labyrinth 9 then through water inlet 10, carries out quantifying irrigation in region, each labyrinth 9 in order by that analogy.
In the other dell 4 of tree in region, each labyrinth 9, equipped with plant stalk 5 by fill enter water wet through after a part of water is retained in plant stalk 5, another part water in hole oozes and contacts with the capillary root hair of usage tree root in the soil of both sides, hole, and its capillary root hair is the main channel that fruit tree 7 absorbs moisture and nutrient. The capillary root hair of usage tree root is partially dispersed in the vertical underground position in tree crown 8 edge more, near the permeable soil of other dell 4 wall of tree.
It is retained in the water in plant stalk 5, can follow-up supplement when fruit tree 7 needs water, because plant stalk 5 is as capillary structure body, the water being stored in plant stalk 5 can penetrate in soil the capillary root hair for fruit tree 7 draw, especially the ground surface in region, labyrinth 9 is horizontal level, it is reserved in the water in underground plant stalk 5, infiltration flowing can be carried out according to the needs of fruit tree 7 balanced for fruit tree 7 in region, labyrinth 9. Being adopt the orchard that this technology is watered according to testing calculation of measured data in orchard, when sky drought does not rain for 15 days, fruit tree leaves is vigorous, has ensured the normal growth of fruit tree; And adopt traditional ground surface tree well flood irrigation pouring mode, it may appear that and a large amount of surface water evaporations, also there is part water directly to permeate the ground simultaneously, the water penetrating into usage tree root soil remains little, as five days do not rain, fruit tree arises that the hydropenia symptom of leaves atrophy, affects the normal growth of fruit tree.
Example 2, when the orchard labyrinth type water saving device described in Fig. 1 meets it rains, the rainwater storage that the plant stalk 5 in the other dell 4 of tree in region, each labyrinth 9 can will flow into, as set other dell 4 wall soil do not need water time, longer can store water in plant stalk 5, can use by automatic seepage flow supply fruit tree 7 when needing water in order to sky drought.

Claims (3)

1. an orchard labyrinth type water saving device, it is characterised in that: it is characterized in that: irrigating proportioning device and be connected with machinery outlet, machinery outlet is connected with catch feeder, and catch feeder is connected with water inlet in region, each labyrinth; Irrigate proportioning device and a number of water is entered catch feeder through machinery outlet, water in catch feeder flows in region, first labyrinth through water inlet in order, after the other dell irrigation water of each tree that is connected through connection ditch between hole in region, labyrinth is full, catch feeder flows in region, second labyrinth then through water inlet, carries out quantifying irrigation in region, each labyrinth in order by that analogy; In the other dell of tree in region, each labyrinth, equipped with plant stalk wet through by the water filling entrance after a part of water is retained in plant stalk, another part water in hole oozes and contacts with the capillary root hair of usage tree root in the soil of both sides, hole, it is retained in the water in plant stalk, follow-up supplementing when fruit tree needs water, being reserved in the water in the plant stalk of underground can carry out oozing balanced use according to the needs of fruit tree mutually.
2. orchard according to claim 1 labyrinth type water saving device, it is characterized in that: when meeting it rains, the rainwater storage that the plant stalk in the other dell of tree in region, each labyrinth can will flow into, as set other dell wall soil do not need water time, longer can store water in and use when needing in order to sky drought in plant stalk.
3. orchard according to claim 1 labyrinth type water saving device, in orchard, ground surface is distributed and has several regions, plot being horizontal level, a fruit tree or some fruit trees are had in region, each plot, each region mainly arranges division according to the flowing water drop difference of physical features height, one or more region can be divided into, the ground surface in each region is on a horizontal line, zanjon is connected because having between the other dell of several trees surrounding fruit tree and hole in each horizontal level region, intersect like labyrinth shape, so claiming it is region, labyrinth; Inside it is provided with connection zanjon, ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar between water inlet, the other dell of tree, hole implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, hole; Being connected with catch feeder on water inlet, lower be connected with connection ditch between hole, connect zanjon and be connected with the other dell of tree between hole, the other dell of tree, built with plant stalk, has ditch implants Fructus Citri tangerinae bar in connection zanjon between hole.
CN201410603195.9A 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 Orchard labyrinth type water saving device Active CN105613210B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1568661A (en) * 2004-05-12 2005-01-26 山东农业大学 Highly effective water-saving irrigation associated method for economic forest of mountain land and rough country
CN1943316A (en) * 2005-10-07 2007-04-11 杨开建 Anti-leakage, water conversion, water-saving fertilizer nutrition liquid irrigation planting method for thin film horizontal band ditch and bucket type bag
CN101300945A (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-11-12 山东农业大学 Orchard interlaced alternative irrigation method
CN102124932A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-07-20 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Rainwater collection and water-saving irrigation pollution control system and method for sloping field
CN102626045A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Root-rapid-growth afforestation method by digging
CN103866750A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-18 张云帆 Water-accumulating and soil-conserving spiral ditch construction method for barren slopes
JP5824273B2 (en) * 2011-07-28 2015-11-25 フルタ電機株式会社 Fan watering equipment

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1568661A (en) * 2004-05-12 2005-01-26 山东农业大学 Highly effective water-saving irrigation associated method for economic forest of mountain land and rough country
CN1943316A (en) * 2005-10-07 2007-04-11 杨开建 Anti-leakage, water conversion, water-saving fertilizer nutrition liquid irrigation planting method for thin film horizontal band ditch and bucket type bag
CN101300945A (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-11-12 山东农业大学 Orchard interlaced alternative irrigation method
CN102124932A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-07-20 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Rainwater collection and water-saving irrigation pollution control system and method for sloping field
JP5824273B2 (en) * 2011-07-28 2015-11-25 フルタ電機株式会社 Fan watering equipment
CN102626045A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Root-rapid-growth afforestation method by digging
CN103866750A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-18 张云帆 Water-accumulating and soil-conserving spiral ditch construction method for barren slopes

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