CN105611253A - Situation awareness system based on intelligent video analysis technology - Google Patents

Situation awareness system based on intelligent video analysis technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105611253A
CN105611253A CN201610022104.1A CN201610022104A CN105611253A CN 105611253 A CN105611253 A CN 105611253A CN 201610022104 A CN201610022104 A CN 201610022104A CN 105611253 A CN105611253 A CN 105611253A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
situation
equipment
video
crowd
situation awareness
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CN201610022104.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张德馨
薛文芳
孙哲南
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天津中科智能识别产业技术研究院有限公司
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Priority to CN201610022104.1A priority Critical patent/CN105611253A/en
Publication of CN105611253A publication Critical patent/CN105611253A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/232Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g. remote control ; Control of cameras comprising an electronic image sensor
    • H04N5/23238Control of image capture or reproduction to achieve a very large field of view, e.g. panorama
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/18Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast

Abstract

The invention discloses a situation awareness system based on an intelligent video analysis technology. The situation awareness system disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects that: the system collects, transmits, processes and displays situation information for an abnormal disaster site, realizes target detection, abnormality identification, threat analysis, risk early warning and other functions, has an open system structure, and can access other situation awareness means and realize information interaction and sharing. The application of the system in the field of disaster prevention and mitigation can not only promote the upgrade and update of the current widely used video monitoring systems, but also can realize the information fusion processing of various means mainly depending on videos to form an overall situation of an event site, and can compensate the shortcomings of the traditional video monitoring and effectively improve the handling ability of a commander on the scene situation.

Description

A kind of Situation Awareness System based on intelligent video analysis technology

Technical field

The present invention relates to on-the-spot Study on Trend technical field, particularly relate to a kind of based on intelligent video analysis skillThe Situation Awareness System of art.

Background technology

China is one of country that natural calamity is the most serious in the world, various meteorological disasters, geological disaster and waterThe frequent generations such as fire evil. To stablizing of society, expanding economy, life property safety of people formsSerious threat. Disaster often has sudden, and in the time that disaster occurs, the disaster relief commander have a great responsibility, and disposesRescue troops, evacuate and rescue masses suffering from disaster, assemble and distribute the work such as disaster relief supplies very urgent, disaster relief leaderGroup need to be made the most correct decision-making within the shortest time, and the basis of everything is exactly according to all institute's energyThe information of grasping, objectively grasps on-the-spot situation, judges accurately its development and change, to make correct decisions.

Based on above-mentioned background, the present invention proposes a kind of Situation Awareness System based on intelligent video analysis technology.This system platform integrated digital, informationization, networking technology, set up advanced Situation Awareness platform,By unmanned aerial photography boat and satellite remote-sensing image and digital elevation model in Three-dimensional Numeric Map, simulation is subject to disaster areaScene is overlooked in high-altitude, territory, macroscopic view represent devastated topography and geomorphology, road, goods and materials, infrastructure, rescueHelp the information such as equipment, disaster relief personnel, masses suffering from disaster's macro position, state and quantity. Make disaster relief commander peopleMember can see in the very first time disaster field dynamic menu of real-time Transmission, predicts in time disaster field situationDevelop, thereby scientifically dispose disaster relief strength, effectively carry out disaster relief emergency command scheduling. This system hasConvenience is directly perceived, data integration degree is high, communication for command feature easily.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is for the technological deficiency existing in prior art, look based on intelligence and provide a kind ofThe Situation Awareness System of frequency analysis technology.

For realizing object of the present invention, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: one is divided based on intelligent videoAnalyse the Situation Awareness System of technology, described system comprises front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment, wireless biographyTransfer device, rear end situation management platform,

1) front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment, front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment are for realizingTo the monitoring of scene, comprise panorama Situation Awareness equipment and the low latitude Situation Awareness equipment that can deploy troops on garrison duty temporarily, withAnd a set of for accessing the intelligent video analysis equipment of existing watch-dog;

2) radio transmission apparatus, the Situation Awareness equipment of temporarily deploying troops on garrison duty and automobile-carried Situation Awareness equipment roomInterconnection network adopts the mode that has center wireless networking, and the wireless broadband communication equipment of employing is based on 3G technologyWireless information interaction equipment, integrate voice, data and dynamic video image transfer function for buildingHigh speed wireless communications network;

3) rear end situation management platform, realizes the fusion treatment of the field datas such as video, voice, data, rawBecome on-the-spot situation, and based on scene local map superposition state gesture figure layer, form situation map intuitively, for commanderPersonal scheduling, decision-making.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this system has realized for Anomalous Disaster sceneCollection, transmission, processing and the demonstration of situation information, realize target detects, abnormal identification, threat analysis,The functions such as danger early warning, have open architecture, and accessible other Situation Awareness means, realize informationMutual and share. The application of this system in the field of preventing and reducing natural disasters, can not only promote now widely used lookingFrequently the upgrading of monitoring system, can also be taking video as the main use processing of realizing between various means, shapeBecome the overall situation of love scene, can make up the deficiency of traditional video surveillance, effectively promoted commander to existingThe assurance ability of field situation.

Brief description of the drawings

Figure 1 shows that system architecture diagram of the present invention;

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail. Should be appreciated that hereinDescribed specific embodiment only, in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

It should be noted that " connection " described in the application with for expressing the word of " connection ", as" be connected ", " being connected " etc., it both can refer to a certain parts and had directly been connected with another parts, also couldReferring to a certain parts is connected with another parts by miscellaneous part.

Situation Awareness System based on intelligent video analysis technology is a kind of the new of the on-the-spot state of Anomalous Disaster that be applied toType system, has contained common function and the technical characterstic of intelligent monitoring, Situation Awareness, automatic alarm system.System, taking the object information of intelligent video analysis as main, has merged location, orientation, weather environment, geographical letterThe data such as breath, have generated the on-the-spot situation map of burst at the scene on the basis of scene threedimensional model, can be intuitively,Dynamically showing state and the variation tendency of Disaster Event, site environment, personnel and action, is disposal personnelControl fast unexpected abnormality love scene entirety situation real-time, consistent information Perception function, directly perceived is providedTechnological means.

This system is taking technology such as video monitoring, image processing, data fusion as core, taking mechanics of communication asSupport, serve as theme with unexpected abnormality incident management, disposal operation flow, the integrated system that software and hardware combinesSystem. By the wired or wireless network at Anomalous Disaster scene, access on-the-spot existing video or other information and adoptThe information of collection equipment, or the interim ground panorama Situation Awareness equipment of disposing of access, low latitude Situation Awareness equipment,The information that automobile-carried Situation Awareness equipment etc. gather, in situation, fusion place carry out to various information in administrative centerReason, generates on-the-spot situation, and confession commanding checks, decision-making, also situation information can be distributed to long-range higher levelCommand centre. The architecture of platform is as Fig. 1. Situation information perception and early warning system are mainly adopted by front end dataCollection and intellectual analysis equipment, radio transmission apparatus, rear end situation management platform 3 part compositions.

1) front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment.

Front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment are realized the monitoring to scene, comprise the panorama that can temporarily deploy troops on garrison dutySituation Awareness equipment and low latitude Situation Awareness equipment, and a set ofly look for the intelligence that accesses existing watch-dogFrequency analysis equipment. Panorama Situation Awareness equipment by panorama camera head, intelligent analysis module, high-speed holder,The compositions such as thermal infrared imager, realize 360 ° and observe simultaneously, and panorama scope is without blind spot, without the observation at dead angle. IntelligenceCan video analysis equipment there is video real-time analysis function, can automatically detect, identify, tracking and early warning threatenThe Intellectualized monitoring equipment of target. Equipment provides general-purpose simulation video interface, can be easily with video camera with lookKeep pouring in transfer device and connect, for accessing the existing analog video watch-dog of disaster field, ensure opening up of systemMalleability and compatibility. Be applicable to gateway intelligent monitoring, circumference intelligent monitoring, important area intelligent monitoring,Indoor intelligent monitoring etc.

2) communication apparatus.

The interconnection network of Situation Awareness equipment and automobile-carried Situation Awareness equipment room adopts center wireless networkingMode, the wireless broadband communication equipment of employing is the wireless information interaction equipment based on 3G technology, for structureBuild the high speed wireless communications network that integrates voice, data and dynamic video image transfer function, this productBased on wireless distributed network structure, possess and have center/without in center quickly networking function and intelligent radio routeThe function that continues, thus on-the-spot Situation Awareness improved, commander controls and cooperative disposal ability.

3) situation management platform

The fusion treatment that realizes the field datas such as video, voice, data, generates on-the-spot situation, and based on existingThe local map superposition state gesture figure layer in field, forms situation map intuitively, for commanding's scheduling, decision-making.

1. target detection. Target detection function realizes based on intelligent video analysis equipment, for specifically monitored districtThe video flowing in territory, carries out target detection. When target is violated the rule setting in advance, as invaded, cross the border, stagnantStay, stop, move, leave over etc., intuitively indicate state and the track of target, send to situation office terminalReport to the police, realize the key monitoring to specific region. In the situation that obtaining watch-dog inside and outside parameter, outputThe direction of target, positional information, for the generation of on-the-spot situation.

2. target following.

When after the selected target of situation office terminal, send instruction to overall view monitoring equipment, control high-speed holder bandMotion tracking video camera is realized the locking to target, and according to the motion conditions of target, automatically controls The Cloud Terrace, mirrorParameter, remains that target is positioned at visual field central authorities, realizes the tracking to target, and shows pursuit path.Follow the tracks of video and device parameter and pass to situation office terminal, realize and showing paying close attention to target detail feature.

3. crowd density detects.

The high definition video steaming gathering for the detection shooting unit of overall view monitoring equipment, carries out the reality of crowd densityIn time, is analyzed, and analysis result marks stack with different colors on video image, intuitively shows visual field modelDensity Distribution in enclosing, density information and on-the-spot map mesh mapping simultaneously, is transferred to situation management eventually in groupsEnd, for the distribution situation that generates on-the-spot crowd provides foundation.

4. crowd's trend is estimated.

The high definition video steaming gathering for overall view monitoring Equipment Inspection shooting unit, to moving of crowd in detection pieceDetect to the trend of crowd in the trend of crowd in, single video scene and splicing video scene andEstimate. And by crowd's activity information of each level and map mesh mapping, be transferred to situation office terminal, forThe mobile situation that generates on-the-spot crowd provides foundation.

5. crowd's traffic statistics.

The high definition video steaming gathering for gateway watch-dog, carries out crowd's quantity, the speed passed through etc.Statistics intuitively superposes result on video image. And by systems such as crowd's flow direction, crowd's flowsMeter result and map mesh mapping, pass to situation office terminal in groups, carries for generating on-the-spot crowd evacuation situationFor foundation.

6. panoramic video splicing.

For the high definition video steaming that detects the collection of shooting unit, carry out the seamless spliced of multi-path high-definition video, shapeBecome the video image of a width large scene, crowd density distributed intelligence intuitively represents on this image. SplicingVideo can pass to situation office terminal, represents for the large scene entirety of scene.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for the artThose of ordinary skill, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvement and profitDecorations, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the Situation Awareness System based on intelligent video analysis technology, is characterized in that, described system bagDraw together front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment, radio transmission apparatus, rear end situation management platform,
1) front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment, front end data acquisition and intellectual analysis equipment are for realizingTo the monitoring of scene, comprise panorama Situation Awareness equipment and the low latitude Situation Awareness equipment that can deploy troops on garrison duty temporarily, withAnd a set of for accessing the intelligent video analysis equipment of existing watch-dog;
2) radio transmission apparatus, the Situation Awareness equipment of temporarily deploying troops on garrison duty and automobile-carried Situation Awareness equipment roomInterconnection network adopts the mode that has center wireless networking, and the wireless broadband communication equipment of employing is based on 3G technologyWireless information interaction equipment, integrate voice, data and dynamic video image transfer function for buildingHigh speed wireless communications network;
3) rear end situation management platform, realizes the fusion treatment of the field datas such as video, voice, data, rawBecome on-the-spot situation, and based on scene local map superposition state gesture figure layer, form situation map intuitively, for commanderPersonal scheduling, decision-making.
2. the Situation Awareness System based on intelligent video analysis technology according to claim 1, its featureBe, this systems soft ware has following functions,
1. target detection, target detection function realizes based on intelligent video analysis equipment, existing for what accessThe video flowing in the specifically monitored region that reconnaissance equipment gathers, carries out target detection;
2. target following, when after the selected target of situation office terminal, sends instruction to overall view monitoring equipment, controlHigh-speed holder processed drives tracking camera to realize the locking to target, and according to the motion conditions of target, automaticallyControl The Cloud Terrace, lens parameters, remain that target is positioned at visual field central authorities, realize the tracking to target, and aobviousShow pursuit path. ;
3. crowd density detects, the high definition video steaming gathering for the detection shooting unit of overall view monitoring equipment,Carry out the real-time analysis of crowd density, analysis result marks stack with different colors on video image,The Density Distribution showing in field range directly perceived, is transferred to situation office terminal, for generating dividing of on-the-spot crowdCloth situation provides foundation;
4. crowd's trend monitoring, the high definition video steaming gathering for overall view monitoring Equipment Inspection shooting unit, rightDetect trend and the interior crowd of splicing video scene of crowd in the trend of crowd in piece, single video sceneTrend detect and estimate, and by crowd's activity information of each level and map mesh mapping, be transferred toSituation office terminal, for the mobile situation that generates on-the-spot crowd provides foundation;
5. panoramic video splicing, for the high definition video steaming that detects shooting unit and gather, carries out HD videoSeamless spliced, the video image of formation one width large scene.
CN201610022104.1A 2016-01-13 2016-01-13 Situation awareness system based on intelligent video analysis technology CN105611253A (en)

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CN106303431A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-04 江苏金晓电子信息股份有限公司 A kind of multi-machine interaction control method improving urban road monitor efficiency
CN107274630A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-10-20 安徽富煌科技股份有限公司 It is a kind of that early warning system is trampled based on the anti-of astable operation object statistics

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Application publication date: 20160525