CN105603913A - Intelligent parking lock - Google Patents

Intelligent parking lock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105603913A
CN105603913A CN201610122907.4A CN201610122907A CN105603913A CN 105603913 A CN105603913 A CN 105603913A CN 201610122907 A CN201610122907 A CN 201610122907A CN 105603913 A CN105603913 A CN 105603913A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parking stall
control panel
lock
vehicle
berth lock
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610122907.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘伟民
郑爱云
朱印平
刘振东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
North China University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
North China University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by North China University of Science and Technology filed Critical North China University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201610122907.4A priority Critical patent/CN105603913A/en
Publication of CN105603913A publication Critical patent/CN105603913A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F13/00Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades ; Preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions
    • E01F13/04Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades ; Preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions movable to allow or prevent passage
    • E01F13/042Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades ; Preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions movable to allow or prevent passage for controlling access to an individual parking space

Abstract

The invention relates to parking locks, in particular to an intelligent parking lock. The intelligent parking lock comprises a parking lock body, an RFID (radio frequency identification) system, a power source system, an infrared protection system and a system control panel, wherein the parking lock body, the RFID system, the power source system and the infrared protection system are connected with the system control panel. The intelligent parking lock has the advantages that through application of the RFID technology, automatic vehicle identification can be achieved, and a function that the parking lock is unlocked when one vehicle comes while is locked when the vehicle leaves is achieved; through application of the solar energy technology, energy sources are provided for the parking lock, so that energy saving and environmental protection are achieved.

Description

Intelligent space lock
Technical field
The present invention relates to berth lock, specifically a kind of intelligent space lock.
Background technology
Existing berth lock is mainly divided into two kinds: Manual parking spot lock and remote control parking stall lock.
Manual parking spot lock is divided into O type, K type, T-shaped, A type, in the time that vehicle will arrive parking stall, uses key to open by car ownerBerth lock, makes berth lock drop to lowest order, and vehicle just can sail into. In the time that vehicle rolls parking stall away from, use key to close by car ownerBerth lock, allows berth lock rise to highest order, prevents that other vehicle from taking parking stall. Hand operated car position all needs when being locked in and unblanking, shuttingCar owner gets off, very trouble.
Distant control vehicle position is locked in improvement to some extent on the basis of Manual parking spot lock, is mainly divided into O type, X-type, U-shaped three kinds, and car owner makesWith remote controller, berth lock is controlled, made its automatic lifting, realize car owner and do not get off and park, for car owner provides convenience. Remote controlAlthough berth lock does not need car owner to get on or off the bus, and need to charge in time to battery, otherwise berth lock is by cisco unity malfunction. AndAnd once car owner leaves behind remote controller and can not open or close berth lock.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of safe and feasible and practical simple intelligent space lock. Its withSolar energy and battery, as energy source, utilize RFID radio-frequency technique to automatic vehicle identification, control electric pushrod lifting realThe switching function of existing berth lock, whole-process automatic, just car can be sailed, sail out of into parking stall without any operation of car owner.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves its technical problem employing is:
A kind of intelligent space lock, comprises berth lock body, rfid system, power-supply system, infrared protection system and system control panel,Described berth lock body, rfid system, power-supply system, infrared protection system are connected with system control panel respectively.
Described berth lock body comprises buried electronic push rod, and buried electronic push rod drives worm gear snail by direct current generatorLinkage, is switched and is realized worm screw rise and decline by motor positive and inverse;
Described rfid system comprises vehicle-mounted end ETC equipment and parking stall end RFID card reader, and the radio-frequency identification card in ETC equipment is sent outSend vehicles identifications information, after the end RFID card reader obtaining information of parking stall, send instruction by system control panel to berth lock body,When vehicle will enter parking stall, worm screw declines, and when vehicle leaves parking stall, worm screw rises, and realizes parking stall pipe by worm screw lifting actionReason;
Described power-supply system comprises solar charging controller, solar panel and lead-acid accumulator, and solar charging is automatically controlledDevice processed is experienced sunlight strength by light sensor, in the time that sunlight strength reaches threshold values, sends information to system control panel, systemThe charging action of solar panel to lead-acid accumulator opened or closed to control panel;
Described infrared protection system comprises infrared sensor, and vehicle stop infrared sensor in the time of parking stall is sent out to system control panelCarry information, the worm screw vertical motion of system control panel locking berth lock body, avoids berth lock worm screw to rise and damages vehicle, vehicleWhile leaving parking stall, infrared sensor sends information to system control panel, and the worm screw of system control panel control berth lock body rises.
Intelligent space lock workflow is: in the time that vehicle will sail parking stall into, intelligent space lock by radio frequency signal certainlyThe moving vehicle that detects, if to code success, berth lock body electric pushrod declines, vehicle sails parking stall into; When vehicle rolls parking stall away from, redOuter sensor detects that vehicle rolls away from, and electric pushrod rises, and prevents that other vehicles from taking parking stall.
Compared with prior art, intelligent space lock provided by the invention, applying RFID radio-frequency technique, realizes berth lock automaticIdentification vehicle, Che Laisuo opens, car is walked locking functions; Applied solar energy technology, for berth lock provides the energy, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and canFor charge in batteries, solar energy, the collaborative power supply of battery, meet under bad weather, and berth lock also can normally be worked; Apply electronicPush rod elevating mechanism, realizes berth lock and opens and closes, compact conformation, aesthetic in appearance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the single-chip microcomputer pin figure of embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the motor-drive circuit topological diagram of embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the MCU driving relay schematic diagram of embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated, but the present embodiment does not form any restriction to the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, intelligent space lock, comprises berth lock body 4, rfid system 1, power-supply system 2, infrared protection system3 and system control panel 5, described berth lock body 4, rfid system 1, power-supply system 2, infrared protection system 3 respectively with systemControl panel 5 connects.
Described berth lock body 4 comprises buried electronic push rod, and buried electronic push rod drives worm gear by direct current generatorWorm mechanism, is switched and is realized worm screw rise and decline by motor positive and inverse;
Described rfid system 1 comprises vehicle-mounted end ETC equipment and parking stall end RFID card reader, the radio-frequency identification card in ETC equipmentSend vehicles identifications information, after the end RFID card reader obtaining information of parking stall, send finger by system control panel 5 to berth lock body 4Order, when vehicle will enter parking stall, worm screw declines, and when vehicle leaves parking stall, worm screw rises, and realizes parking stall by worm screw lifting actionManagement;
Described power-supply system 2 comprises solar charging controller, solar panel and lead-acid accumulator, and solar charging is automatically controlledDevice processed is experienced sunlight strength by light sensor, in the time that sunlight strength reaches threshold values to system control panel 5 transmission information, systemThe charging action of solar panel to lead-acid accumulator opened or closed to control panel 5;
Described infrared protection system 3 comprises infrared sensor, vehicle stop in the time of parking stall infrared sensor to system control panel 5Transmission information, the worm screw vertical motion of system control panel 5 locking berth lock bodies 4, avoids berth lock worm screw rising infringement vehicle,When vehicle leaves parking stall, infrared sensor is to system control panel 5 transmission information, and the snail of berth lock body 4 is controlled in system control panel 5Bar rises.
In the present embodiment, rfid system 1 adopts active RFID product. Apply vehicle-mounted ETC equipment and parking stall end RFID Card ReaderDevice is realized the communication in 5.8GHZ operating frequency.
The peak power of the photovoltaic generation plate that power-supply system 2 is selected: 105w; Operating current 5.41A; Operating voltage:18.5V; System voltage: 50V. Battery is selected valve controlled sealed lead-acid accumulator, concrete type selecting: GHGN-J12V24AH is specifiedCapacity: 24AH; Rated voltage: 12V
System control panel 5 comprises the components and parts such as power management, single-chip microcomputer, relay driving, transistor driving, and control core is singleSheet machine, model is STC12C5A, STC12C5A series monolithic is high speed/low-power consumption/superpower jamproof 8051 lists of new generationSheet machine, the completely compatible tradition 8051 of instruction code, but the fast 8-12 of speed is doubly. Inner integrated MAX810 Special reset circuit, 2 tunnelsPWM, 8 road 10-bit high speed A/D conversions (250K/S). As shown in Figure 2, its performance indications are as follows for the pin figure of this single-chip microcomputer:
Operating voltage 5.5V-3.3V (5V single-chip microcomputer);
Operating frequency range: 0-35MHz, is equivalent to 0~420MHz of common 8051;
User application space 8K-62K byte; Integrated 1280 byte RAM on sheet;
Universaling I/O port driving force all can reach 20mA, but whole chip maximum does not exceed 55Ma;
ISP (at system programmable)/IAP (able to programme in application), without Special programming, can pass through without dedicated emulated deviceSerial ports (P3.0/P3.1) is download user program directly, and the several seconds can complete a slice;
There are EEPROM function and house dog;
Inner integrated MAX810 Special reset circuit (when external crystal 12M is following, resetting pin directly 1K resistance arrives ground);
The timer/counter of two of totally 4 16 bit timing devices and traditional 8051 compatibilities, 16 bit timing device T0 and T1, not fixedTime device 2, but the Baud rate generator that has independent Baud rate generator to do serial communication is added 2 road PCA modules and can be realized 2 againIndividual 16 bit timing devices;
PWM (2 tunnel)/PCA (programmable counter array, 2 tunnels);
A/D conversion, 10 Precision A/D C, totally 8 tunnels, conversion speed can reach 250K/S (each second 250,000 times);
The buried electronic push rod of berth lock body 4, needs system control panel 5 to carry out elevating control to it. In electric pushrodPortion's power resources are direct current generators, according to the feature of direct current generator, the electric power polarity on two drive wires of motor are adjustedChange the exchange that can realize motor direction of rotation, thereby realize rising and the decline of push rod.
Motor-drive circuit topological diagram as shown in Figure 3. In Fig. 3, a is the complement of opening up of motor-drive circuit. This circuit is H bridgeDrive circuit. Wherein, relay K 1, K3 is a brachium pontis, K2, K4 has formed another brachium pontis. When in Fig. 3, b is electric pushrod liftingDuty, as K1, K3 conducting and K2, K4 while disconnecting, the sense of current of the motor of flowing through is from left to right, motor forward;In Fig. 3, c is the duty of electric pushrod while declining, when K1, K3 disconnect and when K2, K4 conducting, and the sense of current of the motor of flowing throughFrom right to left, motor reversal.
Because the I/O mouth driving force of single-chip microcomputer is limited, therefore adopt the mode of triode isolation drive to drive relayDevice coil, the principle of this drive circuit as shown in Figure 4.

Claims (5)

1. an intelligent space lock, comprises berth lock body, it is characterized in that, also comprises rfid system, power-supply system, infrared guarantorProtecting system and system control panel, described berth lock body, rfid system, power-supply system, infrared protection system respectively with systemControl panel connects.
2. intelligent space lock according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described berth lock body comprises buried electronicPush rod, buried electronic push rod drives worm-and-wheel gear by direct current generator, is switched and is realized worm screw rise by motor positive and inverseWith decline.
3. intelligent space lock according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described rfid system comprises that vehicle-mounted end ETC establishesStandby and parking stall end RFID card reader, the radio-frequency identification card in ETC equipment sends vehicles identifications information, and parking stall end RFID card reader obtainsWin the confidence after breath and send instruction by system control panel to berth lock body, when vehicle will enter parking stall, worm screw declines, and vehicle leaves, worm screw rises when the parking stall, realizes parking stall management by worm screw lifting action.
4. according to the intelligent space lock described in claim 1 to 3 any one, it is characterized in that, described power-supply system comprises tooSun energy charge controller, solar panel and lead-acid accumulator, solar charging controller is experienced sun by light sensorLuminous intensity sends information to system control panel in the time that sunlight strength reaches threshold values, and system control panel is opened or closed solar energy and send outElectroplax is to the charging action of lead-acid accumulator.
5. intelligent space lock according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described infrared protection system comprises infrared sensingDevice, vehicle stop infrared sensor in the time of parking stall sends information to system control panel, system control panel locking berth lock bodyWorm screw vertical motion, avoids berth lock worm screw to rise and damages vehicle, and when vehicle leaves parking stall, infrared sensor is to system control panelTransmission information, the worm screw of system control panel control berth lock body rises.
CN201610122907.4A 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Intelligent parking lock Pending CN105603913A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610122907.4A CN105603913A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Intelligent parking lock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610122907.4A CN105603913A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Intelligent parking lock

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105603913A true CN105603913A (en) 2016-05-25

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201610122907.4A Pending CN105603913A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Intelligent parking lock

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108252234A (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-07-06 航天信息股份有限公司 Berth lock and parking stall lock control method
CN109944187A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-06-28 上海容贝实业有限公司 A kind of high reliability Worm Wheel System mode parking space controller
CN111540230A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-14 成都翔宇致远文化传播有限公司 Management system based on block chain technology

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4327295A1 (en) * 1992-06-04 1995-02-16 Chas Braithwaite Attachment for parking a two-wheeler
US6409419B1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2002-06-25 Rigoberto Hernandez Removable security post assembly
CN101581158A (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-18 上海研祥智能科技有限公司 Intelligent space lock
CN201411934Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2010-02-24 张培 Remote-control electronic parking stall lock
CN102400585A (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-04-04 南京工业职业技术学院 Automatic parking spot lock system for garage
CN104389451A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-04 成都合瑞辰科技有限公司 Parking lot barrier with entrance guard function
CN104809914A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-07-29 郑君雄 RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device)-based urban intelligent curb parking system
CN205421080U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-08-03 华北理工大学 Intelligent space lock

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4327295A1 (en) * 1992-06-04 1995-02-16 Chas Braithwaite Attachment for parking a two-wheeler
US6409419B1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2002-06-25 Rigoberto Hernandez Removable security post assembly
CN101581158A (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-18 上海研祥智能科技有限公司 Intelligent space lock
CN201411934Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2010-02-24 张培 Remote-control electronic parking stall lock
CN102400585A (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-04-04 南京工业职业技术学院 Automatic parking spot lock system for garage
CN104389451A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-04 成都合瑞辰科技有限公司 Parking lot barrier with entrance guard function
CN104809914A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-07-29 郑君雄 RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device)-based urban intelligent curb parking system
CN205421080U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-08-03 华北理工大学 Intelligent space lock

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108252234A (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-07-06 航天信息股份有限公司 Berth lock and parking stall lock control method
CN109944187A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-06-28 上海容贝实业有限公司 A kind of high reliability Worm Wheel System mode parking space controller
CN111540230A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-08-14 成都翔宇致远文化传播有限公司 Management system based on block chain technology

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Application publication date: 20160525