CN105588647A - Temperature long-term monitoring system in plateau permafrost region - Google Patents

Temperature long-term monitoring system in plateau permafrost region Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105588647A
CN105588647A CN201510917990.XA CN201510917990A CN105588647A CN 105588647 A CN105588647 A CN 105588647A CN 201510917990 A CN201510917990 A CN 201510917990A CN 105588647 A CN105588647 A CN 105588647A
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China
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control module
temperature
temperature sensor
primary control
central primary
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CN201510917990.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王�华
孟柳
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201510917990.XA priority Critical patent/CN105588647A/en
Publication of CN105588647A publication Critical patent/CN105588647A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01KMEASURING TEMPERATURE; MEASURING QUANTITY OF HEAT; THERMALLY-SENSITIVE ELEMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01K1/00Details of thermometers not specially adapted for particular types of thermometer
    • G01K1/02Means for indicating or recording specially adapted for thermometers
    • G01K1/026Means for indicating or recording specially adapted for thermometers arrangements for monitoring a plurality of temperatures, e.g. by multiplexing

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Arrangements For Transmission Of Measured Signals (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a temperature long-term monitoring system in the plateau permafrost region. The system comprises a plurality of temperature sensor nodes, a central main control module, communication equipment and a power supply management system. The central main control module is respectively connected with the temperature sensor nodes and the communication equipment. The temperature sensor nodes are used for collecting the temperature data of the deep permafrost region and then sending the temperature data to the central main control module. The central main control module is used for receiving the temperature data sent from the temperature sensor nodes and then storing the temperature data. Meanwhile, the external wireless transmission function of the central main control module is realized by the communication equipment. A plurality of road cross sections are selected, and a plurality of logging wells are dug downwards at each cross section, wherein the depths of the logging wells are 8-10 m. A plurality of temperature sensor nodes are arranged inside each logging well at a certain interval so as to comprehensively and accurately detect the temperature of the frozen soil. The system meets the requirements of the high-altitude, low-temperature and low-pressure test environment in the plateau permafrost region. By means of the system, the permafrost temperature can be monitored at a high accuracy. Meanwhile, obtained temperature data are stored and transmitted to the outside in the wireless manner. Therefore, the application range of data is enlarged, and the data utilization efficiency is improved.

Description

Be suitable for the temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems in plateau permafrost area
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems that is suitable for plateau permafrost area.
Background technology
As everyone knows, taking Qinghai-Tibet Platean as the high height above sea level cold district of the middle latitude of representative, from climate change angle, these groundDistrict can be used as indicator, starter and the amplifier of Global climate change with the climate condition of arctic regions, to these regional gasWaiting the research changing is the indispensable important component part of global climate change study; Distribute from view, these areas withCold Desert, Alpine meadow, high-cold steppe are main, ecological environment and fragility thereof, and existing some areas present desertification at presentTrend, forms potential threat to these areas and relevant regional atmospheric environment, and urgent need will be carried out ecological protection and recovery aspectPrevious research work. No matter be the monitoring of climate change research, ecological environmental protection or frozen soil situation, all must be to thisA large amount of and long-term investigation and monitoring are carried out in a little areas. Different from eastern region, Plateau Permafrost Area By Using is not suitable for peopleClass hangs up one's hat, and should not sending someone, it is on duty for a long time to carry out. Monitoring numerous types, the large distribution of monitoring place quantity of highlands are wide,Facility is easily subject to artificial destruction, if it is on duty for a long time to send someone, project funds also can not meet the demands far away, cannot carry out and haveThe long term monitoring of significance. In addition, Plateau Permafrost Area By Using dust storm is large, the plague of rats is many, winter temperature is low, adds partlyThe sleet that district is more, monitoring facilities is also often because these severe natural conditions and often can not long time continuous working.
Summary of the invention
Based on above weak point, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems that is suitable for plateau permafrost area,The adverse circumstances such as plateau permafrost area is high and cold to overcome, low temperature, low pressure, high radiation, realize the long term monitoring to frozen soil ground temperature.
Implementation procedure of the present invention is: a kind of temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems that is suitable for plateau permafrost area, comprises multiple TEMPsDevice node, central primary control module, communication apparatus and power-supply management system, temperature sensor node gathers the temperature of deep layer permafrost regionData Concurrent is given central primary control module, and central primary control module receives temperature data the storage that temperature sensor node sends, andRealize external wireless transmission by communication apparatus, power-supply management system is powered to temperature sensor node and central primary control module;Select some road sections, dig some well loggings under each section part, degree of depth 8-10m, if lay according to certain intervals in each well loggingDry temperature sensor node, interconnects by being embedded in underground cable between each temperature sensor node; Central primary control module andCommunication apparatus is arranged in the pavement device of trackside, is connected cable between temperature sensor node and central primary control module by cablePart is embedded in underground; Power-supply system, in conjunction with solar panel, is erected on the high bar of trackside, by cable to temperature sensorNode and central primary control module are powered.
Described power-supply management system is using super capacitor as main power supply, forms and fills, puts one in conjunction with solar panelElectric power system.
The present invention is for the monitoring of high height above sea level, low temp area frozen soil ground temperature, have that temperature monitoring precision is high, low temperature resistant, radioresistance,Stability is high, non-stop run for a long time, the advantages such as unmanned.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structure drawing of device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the concrete mounting means figure of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems that is suitable for plateau permafrost area, comprise multiple temperature sensor node 1,Central primary control module 2, GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3 and power-supply management system 4, it is main that temperature sensor node 1 connects central authoritiesControl module 2, central primary control module 2 is connected with 3G communication apparatus 3 with GPS, GPRS, and power-supply management system 4 connects temperature simultaneouslySensor node 1 and central primary control module 2. During temperature sensor node 1 is used for gathering the temperature data of deep layer permafrost region and sends toCentre main control module 2, the temperature data that central primary control module 2 receiving sensors send storage, and by GPS, GPRS and 3GCommunication apparatus 3 is realized external wireless transmission, and power-supply management system 4 is powered to temperature sensor node 1 and central primary control module 2.Select some road sections to implement, under each section part, dig some well loggings (degree of depth 8-10m), in each well logging according to necessarilySome temperature sensor node 1 are laid at interval, between each temperature sensor node, interconnect by being embedded in underground cable; Central authoritiesMain control module 2 and GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3 are arranged in the monitoring device on trackside road surface, temperature sensor node 1 withBetween central primary control module 2, connected by cable, cable section is embedded in underground; Power-supply system 4, in conjunction with solar panel, is erected atOn the high bar of trackside, by cable, temperature sensor node 1 and central primary control module 2 are powered.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2,8 meters of each depth-loggers, lay 16 temperature sensor node; 5 well loggings of each section; Disconnected by 4Face is implemented, and wherein 2 sections are work on the spot section, and 1 section is laboratory test section, and 1 section is exploitation debugging section.Central primary control module, GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus and data and feed cable respectively need 7, and 2 is working equipment, 1For testing equipment, 2 is exploitation commissioning device, and 2 is for subsequent use and later maintenance equipment. TEMP described in the present embodimentDevice node 1 adopts AVR technical grade microminiature super low-power consumption control chip ATtiny2313, IIC interface high accuracy number temperature sensorADT7420 temperature sensor node 1 is used for gathering the temperature data of deep layer permafrost region and sends central primary control module 2 to; Central primary controlModule 2 adopts AVR technical grade processor chips ATmega2560, technical grade wireless blue tooth communication module, and 4G technical grade is storage at a high speedCard. Central primary control module 2 receives temperature data that temperature sensor node 1 sends real by GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3Now external wireless transmission, GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3 adopt the GTU equipment of Cai Mao company, and GPS module is that central authorities are mainControl module 2 provides necessary geographical location information and time reference; Between temperature sensor node 1 and temperature sensor node 1And between central primary control module 2, adopt CAN bus to be connected, central primary control module 2 adopts RS232 bus and GPS, GPRS and 3G communicationEquipment 3 connects; Described power-supply management system 4 adopts super capacitor as main power supply, in conjunction with solar panel, formsFill, put one electric power system, temperature sensor node 1 and central primary control module 2 are powered.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 2,8 meters of each depth-loggers, lay 16 temperature sensor node; 5 well loggings of each section; Disconnected by 4Face is implemented, and wherein 2 sections are work on the spot section, and 1 section is laboratory test section, and 1 section is exploitation debugging section.Central primary control module, GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus and data and feed cable respectively need 7, and 2 is working equipment, 1For testing equipment, 2 is exploitation commissioning device, and 2 is for subsequent use and later maintenance equipment. TEMP described in the present embodimentDevice node 1 adopts AVR technical grade microminiature super low-power consumption control chip ATMEGA128L, IIC interface high accuracy number temperature sensorDDR3. Temperature sensor node 1 is used for gathering the temperature data of deep layer permafrost region and sends central primary control module 2 to; Central primary controlModule 2 adopts the CC2540 chip core of Texas Instruments, technical grade wireless blue tooth communication module, 4G technical grade high speed storage card.Central primary control module 2 receive the temperature data that temperature sensor node 1 sends and realize by GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3 rightOuter wireless transmission, GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3 adopt the F7114 equipment of four letter companies, and GPS module is central primary control mouldPiece 2 provides necessary geographical location information and time reference; Between temperature sensor node 1 and temperature sensor node 1 and central authoritiesBetween main control module 2, adopt CAN bus to connect, central primary control module 2 adopts RS232 bus and GPS, GPRS and 3G communication apparatus 3Connect; Described power-supply management system 4 adopts super capacitor as main power supply, in conjunction with solar panel, forms and fills, putsOne electric power system, powers to temperature sensor node 1 and central primary control module 2.

Claims (2)

1. be suitable for the temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems in plateau permafrost area, comprise multiple temperature sensor node, central primary control module,Communication apparatus and power-supply management system, central primary control module is connected with temperature sensor node, communication apparatus respectively, and its feature existsIn, temperature sensor node gathers the temperature data of deep layer permafrost region and sends to central primary control module, and central primary control module receivesThe temperature data that temperature sensor node sends storage, and realize external wireless transmission, power-supply management system by communication apparatusTemperature measurement node and central primary control module are powered; Select some road sections, under each section part, dig some well loggings, the degree of depth8-10m, lays some temperature sensor node according to certain intervals in each well logging, between each temperature sensor node by being embedded inUnderground cable interconnects; Central primary control module and communication apparatus are arranged in the pavement device of trackside, temperature sensor nodeAnd between central primary control module, be connected by cable, cable section is embedded in underground; Power-supply system, in conjunction with solar panel, is erected atOn the high bar of trackside, by cable, temperature measurement node and central primary control module are powered.
2. a kind of temperature For Long-term Monitoring Systems that is suitable for plateau permafrost area according to claim 1, is characterized in that described electricityManagement system is using super capacitor as main power supply, in conjunction with solar panel, forms and fills, puts one electric power system.
CN201510917990.XA 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Temperature long-term monitoring system in plateau permafrost region Pending CN105588647A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108593130A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-28 南京信息工程大学 One kind being suitable for a large amount of unmanned monitoring systems of frozen soils temperature point in plateau
CN108643860A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 The antifreeze method of tundra deep well and antifreeze deep well
CN108896208A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-27 中国地质调查局油气资源调查中心 A kind of permafrost region ground temperature measurement system and method
CN109459151A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-12 南京信息工程大学 A kind of low temperature background is plunged into the commercial sea amount temperature point on-Line Monitor Device and method
CN109668497A (en) * 2019-02-12 2019-04-23 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Telescopic drill rod pricker spy, ever-frozen ground active layer thickness measuring system and method
CN111323084A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-23 哈尔滨师范大学 Portable frozen soil movable layer thickness and temperature detection device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5146276B2 (en) * 1972-07-26 1976-12-08 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
CN102455345A (en) * 2010-10-30 2012-05-16 杨燕 Sensor node in safety monitoring
JP5146276B2 (en) * 2008-11-17 2013-02-20 株式会社日立プラントテクノロジー Energy monitoring system
CN103208173A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-17 天津市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Embedded wireless intelligent sensor for geotechnical engineering monitoring
CN104748888A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-01 北京科力华安地质灾害监测技术有限公司 Soil temperature monitoring system for frozen earth area

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5146276B2 (en) * 1972-07-26 1976-12-08 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
JP5146276B2 (en) * 2008-11-17 2013-02-20 株式会社日立プラントテクノロジー Energy monitoring system
CN102455345A (en) * 2010-10-30 2012-05-16 杨燕 Sensor node in safety monitoring
CN103208173A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-17 天津市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Embedded wireless intelligent sensor for geotechnical engineering monitoring
CN104748888A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-01 北京科力华安地质灾害监测技术有限公司 Soil temperature monitoring system for frozen earth area

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108593130A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-28 南京信息工程大学 One kind being suitable for a large amount of unmanned monitoring systems of frozen soils temperature point in plateau
CN108643860A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 The antifreeze method of tundra deep well and antifreeze deep well
CN108896208A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-27 中国地质调查局油气资源调查中心 A kind of permafrost region ground temperature measurement system and method
CN109459151A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-12 南京信息工程大学 A kind of low temperature background is plunged into the commercial sea amount temperature point on-Line Monitor Device and method
CN109459151B (en) * 2018-12-06 2024-02-20 南京信息工程大学 Device and method for monitoring mass temperature points on line under low-temperature background
CN109668497A (en) * 2019-02-12 2019-04-23 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Telescopic drill rod pricker spy, ever-frozen ground active layer thickness measuring system and method
CN111323084A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-23 哈尔滨师范大学 Portable frozen soil movable layer thickness and temperature detection device
CN111323084B (en) * 2020-04-03 2021-10-08 哈尔滨师范大学 Portable frozen soil movable layer thickness and temperature detection device

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Application publication date: 20160518