CN105583632A - Numerical-control typewriter and machining method thereof - Google Patents

Numerical-control typewriter and machining method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105583632A
CN105583632A CN201610140125.3A CN201610140125A CN105583632A CN 105583632 A CN105583632 A CN 105583632A CN 201610140125 A CN201610140125 A CN 201610140125A CN 105583632 A CN105583632 A CN 105583632A
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China
Prior art keywords
axle sleeve
bolt
support
chain
swash plate
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Granted
Application number
CN201610140125.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105583632B (en
Inventor
吴其干
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Wenling Keyu Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Wenling Keyu Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610140125.3A priority Critical patent/CN105583632B/en
Publication of CN105583632A publication Critical patent/CN105583632A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/04Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass for both machining and other metal-working operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q41/00Combinations or associations of metal-working machines not directed to a particular result according to classes B21, B23, or B24
    • B23Q41/02Features relating to transfer of work between machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/03Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of endless chain conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/08Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of slides or chutes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/10Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of magazines

Abstract

The invention discloses a numerical-control typewriter and a machining method thereof. The numerical-control typewriter is low in cost and accurate in control. The numerical-control typewriter comprises a machine frame, a vibrating disk assembly, a feeding device, a typewriting mechanism, a discharging device and a conveying device. The conveying device comprises a conveying mechanism, a chain transmission mechanism and a driver, wherein the chain transmission mechanism is used for driving the conveying mechanism to work, and the driver is used for driving the chain transmission mechanism. The conveying mechanism comprises a sliding rail, a support, a conveying rod and a linkage assembly, wherein the support is slidably connected with the sliding rail, the conveying rod is fixedly connected with the support, and the linkage assembly is connected with the chain transmission mechanism. The chain transmission mechanism comprises a chain wheel set and a chain. The chain is fixedly connected with the linkage assembly.

Description

Digital control typewriter and processing method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of typewriter, more particularly, it relates to a kind of digital control typewriter and processing method thereof.
Background technology
At present, on market, for processing the numerical control device of screwdriver hexagonal cutter head, be all first to be carved characters by typewriter, after having carved characters, push in numerically controlled lathe and process by the pay-off on typewriter.
The existing pay-off being arranged on typewriter is all to utilize cylinder to carry out work, still conventionally, because the cost of cylinder is higher, in not being suitable for, on a small scale enterprise, and the stroke of cylinder, pushing speed difficulty or ease accurately control, and cannot meet the Production requirement of enterprise.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency existing for prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of digital control typewriter and processing method thereof, with low cost, control accurately.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme: a kind of digital control typewriter, comprise frame, vibrating disk assembly, feeding device, typewriting mechanism, drawing mechanism and pay-off, described pay-off comprises feed mechanism, for driving the chain-drive mechanism of feed mechanism work and the driver for drive chain transmission mechanism;
Described feed mechanism comprises slide rail, the bearing being connected with slide rail slippage, the feeding rod being fixedly connected with bearing and the linkage unit that is connected with chain-drive mechanism;
Described chain-drive mechanism comprises chain wheel set and chain, and described chain is fixedly connected with linkage unit.
By adopting technique scheme, utilize chain movement to drive feed mechanism to carry out reciprocal feeding work, compare traditional working method, the one, aspect the cost of equipment, more saving, the 2nd, the stroke of feeding, speed can by regulate the rotating speed of sprocket wheel and control sprocket wheel start and stop, positive and negatively transfer setting, control more accurate.
Further, described linkage unit comprises upper cover and linkage board, and the one side of the relative upper cover of linkage board is arranged with some interlock teeth, and the tooth that respectively links embeds the gap of chain successively;
One end of described upper cover conflict interlock tooth is also fixedly connected with linkage board.
By adopting technique scheme, realize interlock by the clamping of interlock tooth and chain, simple in structure, practical.
Further, described feed mechanism is provided with the gripper shoe for supporting feeding rod, and described gripper shoe is provided with through hole, and feeding rod is arranged in described through hole;
And a side of the relative linkage unit of gripper shoe is provided with limited block, described limited block is fixedly connected on feeding rod and with gripper shoe and conflicts;
The cross section of upper cover is " L " character form structure.
By adopting technique scheme, gripper shoe has ensured the horizontal level of feeding rod, can not hang down because length is long, can coordinate with limited block again simultaneously, prevents that feeding rod from extending long, and the precision of feeding position reduces;
The cross section of upper cover is " L " character form structure, makes the simple in structure of upper cover, for the tracks of chain has reserved space, the structure of pay-off is simplified more, and a side is connected with bearing, and opposite side connects linkage board, reduce the weight of self, ensured stable connection.
Further, the both sides of described slide rail are all " > " character form structure is to self central concave, and bearing is embedded at slide rail and matches with slide rail;
Described bearing is provided with station test rod, and station test rod is list structure and extends to a side of bearing from bearing; The outward flange of described linkage board is provided with interlock tooth for subsequent use.
By adopting technique scheme, the structure of slide rail can better be tied to four frees degree of bearing, ensures that the movement locus of bearing does not produce skew, avoids the skew of bearing to produce torsion to feeding rod;
Station test rod can arrange sensor and detect the position of station test rod on equipment, judges whether feeding rod starts feeding.
Further, described feeding device comprises propelling movement cylinder, adjustment seat and push rod, and described push rod is fixedly connected with, also passes adjustment seat setting with cylinder;
Described adjustment seat is provided with the adjustment structure for regulating push rod height.
By adopting technique scheme, both ensured the smoothness of push rod, can pass through again adjustment structure, adjust the height error of push rod in actual production process, flexibility ratio is high.
Further, described adjustment seat is divided into the seat of honour and lower, described upper and lower seat be respectively " protruding " character form structure and " recessed " character form structure, and mutually grafting coordinate, the seat of honour offers adjustment hole and is positioned at the recess of lower;
The described seat of honour is fixedly connected with lower by bolt, and the seat of honour offers two locating holes, and locating hole internal thread is connected with bolt, and one end of bolt and lower 's surface is inconsistent.
By adopting technique scheme, " protruding ", " recessed " character form structure of upper and lower seat cooperatively interact, and compact conformation, simple coordinates stable;
By turning bolt, regulate bolt to extend the length at the seat of honour, then conflict lower, realize the adjusting of the height to adjustment hole, stabilized structure.
Further, between described feeding device and typewriting mechanism, be provided with the sleeve for passing for driver bit, the inwall of described sleeve is embedded with at least three springs, and each spring is all circumferentially uniformly distributed along the inwall of sleeve;
One end of each spring is connected with sleeve, the other end is connected with steel ball.
By adopting technique scheme, steel ball half is positioned at the hole of sleeve lining, a semi-convex, in the time having driver bit to pass through, utilize the hexagonal outside of steel ball conflict driver bit, prevent that driver bit from rotating, while ensureing typewriting, the station of driver bit is accurate, improves working (machining) efficiency.
Further, described vibrating disk assembly comprises the discharging swash plate, fixed head and the jacking mechanism that are fixed in frame, described jacking mechanism comprises the hold-down nut that is hinged on jack-up axle sleeve, the screw rod in discharging swash plate lower wall and is threadedly connected to screw rod, described screw rod is arranged in fixed head and end thread is connected in jack-up axle sleeve, and described hold-down nut is conflicted at fixed head on the sidewall near jack-up axle sleeve;
The locking nut that has been threaded on described screw rod, described locking nut is conflicted at fixed head on the sidewall away from jack-up axle sleeve; Jacking mechanism is positioned at discharging swash plate one side; Described jacking mechanism is provided with two, and two described jacking mechanisms arrange along fixed head length direction conllinear; Discharging swash plate is provided with supporting seat, bolt, and described jack-up axle sleeve is hinged on supporting seat, and described bolt is arranged in supporting seat and end thread is connected in discharging swash plate.
By adopting technique scheme, in the time using the heavier workpiece of discharging swash plate transmission weight, because the weight of workpiece is larger, thereby the frictional force between workpiece and discharging swash plate is larger, and when the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate hour, weight fraction strength with respect to workpiece is also lower, by fixing and locking nut, rotary screw, the mode being threaded between screw rod and jack-up axle sleeve, screw rod is only moved on the axial direction of jack-up axle sleeve, adjust the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate, conflict at fixed head on the sidewall near jack-up axle sleeve by hold-down nut, reach the object at fixing discharging swash plate angle of inclination, the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate is not changed, can certainly select standing screw motionless, rotary fixing screw mother, regulate the change in location of hold-down nut on screw rod also to conflict on fixed head, reach the object of adjusting angle of inclination between discharging swash plate and fixed head, by being rotated down screw rod and hold-down nut, increase the distance between fixed head and discharging swash plate, thereby increase the angle of inclination between discharging swash plate and fixed head, thereby increase workpiece that weight the is large weight component on the discharging swash plate, therefore facilitate the blanking of workpiece to carry, thereby improved the working (machining) efficiency of milling machine,
Because lathe easily produces larger vibration at work, rotational lock nut, locking nut is conflicted at fixed head on the sidewall away from jack-up axle sleeve, avoid the vibration of turn-milling machine tool that discharging swash plate is popped up, reach fixing discharging swash plate angle of inclination, avoid the object that between discharging swash plate and fixed head, angle of inclination increases, affect the stability being connected between discharging swash plate and milling machine organisation of working;
When jacking mechanism is during the closer to milling machine organisation of working one side, distance between rotary screw or hold-down nut adjustment fixing plate and discharging swash plate, reach and regulate the effect at angle of inclination between discharging swash plate and fixed head better, thereby improved people only need rotary screw several under, screw rod is risen to some distances, can increase considerably the angle of inclination between discharging swash plate and fixed head, thereby heighten the efficiency of people's operations;
Because the overall gravity major part of blanking swash plate concentrates on jacking mechanism, by two jacking mechanisms, reach the object of the weight of jointly sharing blanking swash plate, thereby improved the service life of jacking mechanism; And the jacking mechanism arranging by conllinear, in the time of rotary screw, the power that two jacking mechanisms apply blanking swash plate, on same straight line, is avoided the run-off the straight in the horizontal direction of blanking swash plate, thereby is affected the transmission of workpiece;
In the time that the gradient of discharging swash plate is set, most of gravity of discharging swash plate all concentrates on jointed shaft, the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate is larger, and the holding capacity of jointed shaft is larger, by the setting of supporting seat, jointed shaft is arranged on supporting seat, the mode connecting by bolt thread, not only good fixing effect, and in the time that jointed shaft damages, by changing supporting seat, reach with the object of changing jack-up axle sleeve.
Further, described vibrating disk assembly comprises support, and described support top slippage is connected with the support portion for placing for vibrating disk, is threaded and is useful on the adjustment bolt that regulates height between support portion and support on described support;
Described support is provided with axle sleeve, described support portion comprises the gripper shoe for placing vibrating disk and is fixed on gripper shoe away from the lifting shaft on vibrating disk sidewall, described lifting shaft is plugged in axle sleeve and can in axle sleeve, slides, on described support, be also provided with the screwed hole communicating with axle sleeve inside, described adjustment bolt thread is connected in screwed hole and the end end away from gripper shoe of conflicting at lifting shaft;
The opening of described axle sleeve vertically arranges upward, concentric setting between screwed hole and axle sleeve;
Axle sleeve is provided with set bolt, and described set bolt is arranged in axle sleeve and conflict on the lateral wall of lifting shaft in end, and set bolt is provided with two, and two described set bolts arrange along axle sleeve axial direction conllinear;
The locking nut that has been threaded on described adjustment bolt, described locking nut is conflicted at support on the sidewall away from support portion.
By adopting technique scheme, vibrating disk is placed on support portion, adjustment bolt thread is connected in support and conflict on support portion in end, bolt is adjusted in rotation, adjusting bolt moves up and down along axial direction, thereby upper and lower slip can be carried out in support portion on support axial direction, thereby reach the object that regulates height between support portion and support, therefore be placed on vibrating disk height on support portion adjustable, thereby the adaptability of vibrating disk is better, can meet the use of different type of machines milling machine;
Adjust bolt thread and be connected in screwed hole and the end end away from gripper shoe of conflicting at lifting shaft, adjust bolt by rotation, lifting shaft is upper and lower slip in axle sleeve, due to axle sleeve, to be hollow cylindrical, therefore when lifting shaft slides in axle sleeve, the top and bottom of lifting shaft can be inconsistent with the madial wall of axle sleeve, and the support portion stability of therefore placing for vibrating disk is better, avoid lifting shaft in the time of upper and lower slip, the vibrating disk being placed in gripper shoe rolls;
Vibrating disk vertically conducts gravity to lifting shaft by gripper shoe, because the opening of axle sleeve vertically arranges upward, present 90 ° with ground, therefore when lifting shaft slides in axle sleeve, avoid the madial wall of top, bottom and the axle sleeve of lifting shaft to conflict, thereby the smoothness when affecting lifting shaft and sliding, and avoided having the axle sleeve at angle of inclination, affect the shelf-stability of vibrating disk;
Screwed hole is positioned at the center of axle sleeve, be connected in screwed hole at adjustment bolt thread, on axial direction, carry out time in rotary moving, only the shaft core position of lifting shaft is conflicted, make lifting shaft only in vertical, the enterprising line slip of axial direction, thereby the madial wall of avoiding lifting shaft to occur to roll with axle sleeve is conflicted, while avoiding sliding, produce the sense that stagnates;
While slip in axle sleeve due to lifting shaft, need to keep leaving point space between the lateral wall of lifting shaft and the madial wall of axle sleeve, in the time that vibrating disk is placed in gripper shoe, the space of leaving easily causes vibrating disk to produce and rock in gripper shoe, by rotary fixing screw bolt, is conflicted on the lateral wall of lifting shaft in the end of set bolt, thereby will between lifting shaft and axle sleeve, push against, reach the object of fixing lifting shaft, the space of avoiding lifting shaft to exist between axle sleeve, causes vibrating disk to be placed unstable;
Because the distance interval between axle sleeve top and bottom is longer, in the time that lifting shaft is plugged in axle sleeve, only the lifting shaft at axle sleeve top is fixed, easily cause the lifting shaft generation that is positioned at axle sleeve bottom to be rocked, arrange along axle sleeve axial direction conllinear by two set bolts, reach the distance shortening between axle sleeve top and bottom, further improved the fixed effect of lifting shaft in axle sleeve, avoid lifting shaft to produce and rock in axle sleeve;
Piled workpiece in vibrating disk time, the weight of whole support portion is adjusted the end of bolt conflict at lifting shaft by concentrating on, only rely on the adjustment bolt that is threadedly connected to screwed hole to be difficult to support the weight of whole support portion, easily produce the phenomenon of thread off, pass through locking nut, by adjusting bolt-locking on the sidewall of support, reach the object of fixed adjustment bolt; And play the effect of sharing certain support portion weight.
A processing method for digital control typewriter, concrete steps are as follows:
1, driver bit vibrating disk to be processed is from shaking, and tumbles feeding device place by discharging swash plate;
2, push air cylinder driven push rod, driver bit is pushed into the drawing mechanism of waiting at place of typewriting mechanism through sleeve, conflicting in the steel ball in sleeve and the surface of driver bit, driver bit can be located, and prevent its rotation;
3, after having typewrited, drawing mechanism moves to pay-off place, the control system of lathe sends instruction to driver, just drive chain transmission mechanism work of driver, the master of chain-drive mechanism, driven pulley running drives chain operation, then do sliding motion by chain-driving linkage board along the track of slide rail, then the feeding rod on bearing is just mobile forward sends the driver bit of having carved word into further processing in numerically controlled lathe, driver bit is delivered to and specified after station when feeding rod, driver reversion, just interlock successively, last feeding rod resets, complete typewriting task one time.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, replace original frame for movement by chaindriven mode, with low cost, control accurately, compact conformation, be particularly useful for medium-sized and small enterprises and use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of slide rail;
Fig. 4 is the partial view at gripper shoe place.
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram of feeding device;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of sleeve;
Fig. 7 is the left view of embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the A place enlarged drawing in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the B place cutaway view in Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of drawing mechanism;
Figure 11 is the side view of drawing mechanism.
In figure: 1, frame; 11, slide rail; 12, bearing; 13, feeding rod; 141, upper cover; 142, linkage board; 143, interlock tooth; 15, gripper shoe; 16, through hole; 17, locating part; 18, station test rod; 21, chain wheel set; 22, chain; 23, driver; 3, vibrating disk assembly; 31, discharging swash plate; 32, vibrating disk; 33, support; 34, support portion; 35, fixed head; 36, jacking mechanism; 37, jack-up axle sleeve; 381, screw rod; 382, hold-down nut; 383, locking nut; 39, supporting seat; 391, bolt; 392, adjust bolt; 41, screwed hole; 53, lifting shaft; 55, axle sleeve; 57, set bolt; 6, feeding device; 61, push cylinder; 62, adjustment seat; 621, the seat of honour; 622, lower; 63, push rod; 64, locating hole; 7, sleeve; 71, spring; 72, steel ball; 8, typewriting mechanism; 9, drawing mechanism; 10, pay-off.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, a kind of processing method of digital control typewriter, concrete steps are as follows:
1, driver bit vibrating disk 32 to be processed is from shaking, and tumbles feeding device 6 places by discharging swash plate 31;
2, push cylinder 61 and drive push rod 63, driver bit is pushed into the drawing mechanism 9 of waiting at 8 places of typewriting mechanism through sleeve 7, the steel ball 72 in sleeve 7 is conflicted with the surface of driver bit, driver bit can be located, and prevents its rotation;
3, after having typewrited, drawing mechanism 9 moves to pay-off 10 places, the control system of lathe sends instruction to driver 23, just drive chain transmission mechanism work of driver 23, the master of chain-drive mechanism, driven pulley running drives chain 22 to turn round, then drive linkage board 142 to do sliding motion along the track of slide rail 11 by chain 22, then the feeding rod 13 on bearing 12 is just mobile forward sends the driver bit of having carved word into further processing in numerically controlled lathe, driver bit is delivered to and specified after station when feeding rod 13, driver 23 reverses, just interlock successively, last feeding rod 13 resets, complete typewriting task one time.
Driver 23 is hydraulic motor, and hydraulic motor compares that other motor volume is little, lightweight, compact conformation, and the most important thing is can reverse work, drive feeding rod 13 to move reciprocatingly, and manipulation is convenient;
Chaindriven mode replaces original frame for movement, with low cost, control accurately, compact conformation, be particularly useful for medium-sized and small enterprises and use.
The present embodiment comprises frame 1, vibrating disk assembly 3, feeding device 6, typewriting mechanism 8, drawing mechanism 9 and pay-off 10, and described pay-off 10 comprises feed mechanism, for driving the chain-drive mechanism of feed mechanism work and the driver 23 for drive chain transmission mechanism;
Described feed mechanism comprises slide rail 11, the bearing 12 being connected with slide rail 11 slippages, the feeding rod 13 being fixedly connected with bearing 12 and the linkage unit that is connected with chain-drive mechanism;
Described chain-drive mechanism comprises chain wheel set 21 and chain 22, and described chain 22 is fixedly connected with linkage unit.
Utilize chain 22 motions to drive feed mechanism to carry out reciprocal feeding work, compare traditional working method, the one, aspect the cost of equipment, more saving, the 2nd, the stroke of feeding, speed can by regulate the rotating speed of sprocket wheel and control sprocket wheel start and stop, positive and negatively transfer setting, control more accurate.
Described linkage unit comprises upper cover 141 and linkage board 142, and the one side of linkage board 142 relative upper covers 141 is arranged with some interlock teeth 143, and the tooth 143 that respectively links embeds the gap of chain 22 successively;
One end of described upper cover 141 conflict interlock teeth 143 is also fixedly connected with linkage board 142.
Realize interlock by interlock tooth 143 and the clamping of chain 22, simple in structure, practical.
As shown in Figure 4, described feed mechanism is provided with the gripper shoe 15 for supporting feeding rod 13, and described gripper shoe 15 is provided with through hole 16, and feeding rod 13 is arranged in described through hole 16;
And a side of gripper shoe 15 relative linkage units is provided with limited block, and described limited block is fixedly connected on feeding rod 13 and with gripper shoe 15 and conflicts;
The cross section of upper cover 141 is " L " character form structure.
Gripper shoe 15 has ensured the horizontal level of feeding rod 13, can not hang down because length is long, can coordinate with limited block again simultaneously, prevents that feeding rod 13 from extending long, and the precision of feeding position reduces;
The cross section of upper cover 141 is " L " character form structure, makes the simple in structure of upper cover 141, for the tracks of chain 22 has reserved space, the structure of pay-off 10 is simplified more, and a side is connected with bearing 12, and opposite side connects linkage board 142, reduce the weight of self, ensured stable connection.
As shown in Figure 3, the both sides of described slide rail 11 are all " > " character form structure is to self central concave, and bearing 12 is embedded at slide rail 11 and matches with slide rail 11;
Described bearing 12 is provided with station test rod 18, and station test rod 18 is list structure and extends to a side of bearing 12 from bearing 12; The outward flange of described linkage board 142 is provided with interlock tooth 143 for subsequent use.
The structure of slide rail 11 can better be tied to four frees degree of bearing 12, ensures that the movement locus of bearing 12 does not produce skew, avoids the skew of bearing 12 to produce torsion to feeding rod 13;
Station test rod 18 can arrange sensor and detect the position of station test rod 18 on equipment, judges whether feeding rod 13 starts feeding.
Described feeding device 6 comprises propelling movement cylinder 61, adjustment seat 62162 and push rod 63, and described push rod 63 is fixedly connected with cylinder, also arranges through adjustment seat 62162;
Described adjustment seat 62162 is provided with the adjustment structure for regulating push rod 63 height.
Both ensured the smoothness of push rod 63, and can pass through again adjustment structure, and adjusted the height error of push rod 63 in actual production process, flexibility ratio is high.
Described adjustment seat 62162 is divided into the seat of honour and lower 622, described upper and lower seat 622 be respectively " protruding " character form structure and " recessed " character form structure, and mutually grafting coordinate, the seat of honour offers adjustment hole and is positioned at the recess of lower 622;
The described seat of honour is fixedly connected with lower 622 by bolt, and the seat of honour offers two locating holes 64, and locating hole 64 internal threads are connected with bolt, and one end of bolt and lower 's 622 surface is inconsistent.
" protruding ", " recessed " character form structure of upper and lower seat 622 cooperatively interact, and compact conformation, simple coordinates stable;
By turning bolt, regulate bolt to extend the length at the seat of honour, then conflict lower 622, realize the adjusting of the height to adjustment hole, stabilized structure.
Between described feeding device 6 and typewriting mechanism 8, be provided with the sleeve 7 for passing for driver bit, the inwall of described sleeve 7 is embedded with at least three springs 71, and each spring 71 is all circumferentially uniformly distributed along the inwall of sleeve 7;
One end of each spring 71 is connected with sleeve 7, the other end is connected with steel ball 72.
Steel ball 72 half are positioned at the hole of sleeve 7 inwalls, and a semi-convex, in the time having driver bit to pass through, is utilized the steel ball 72 hexagonal outsides of conflict driver bit, prevent that driver bit from rotating, and while ensureing typewriting, the station of driver bit is accurate, improves working (machining) efficiency.
As shown in Figures 4 to 7, described vibrating disk assembly 3 comprises the discharging swash plate 31, the fixed head 35 and jacking mechanism 36 that are fixed in frame 1, described jacking mechanism 36 comprises jack-up axle sleeve 37, the screw rod 381 being hinged in discharging swash plate 31 lower wall and the hold-down nut 382 that is threadedly connected to screw rod 381, described screw rod 381 is arranged in fixed head 35 and end thread is connected in jack-up axle sleeve 37, and described hold-down nut 382 is conflicted at fixed head 35 on the sidewall near jack-up axle sleeve 37;
The locking nut 383 that has been threaded on described screw rod 381, described locking nut 383 is conflicted at fixed head 35 on the sidewall away from jack-up axle sleeve 37; Jacking mechanism 36 is positioned at discharging swash plate 31 1 sides; Described jacking mechanism 36 is provided with two, and two described jacking mechanisms 36 arrange along fixed head 35 length direction conllinear; Discharging swash plate 31 is provided with bolt 391, bolt, and described jack-up axle sleeve 37 is hinged on bolt 391, and described bolt is arranged in bolt 391 and end thread is connected in discharging swash plate 31.
In the time using the heavier workpiece of discharging swash plate 31 transmission weights, because the weight of workpiece is larger, thereby the frictional force between workpiece and discharging swash plate 31 is larger, and when the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate 31 hour, weight fraction strength with respect to workpiece is also lower, by fixing and locking nut 383, rotary screw 381, the mode being threaded between screw rod 381 and jack-up axle sleeve 37, 381 of screw rods are moved on the axial direction of jack-up axle sleeve 37, adjust the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate 31, conflict at fixed head 35 on the sidewall near jack-up axle sleeve 37 by hold-down nut 382, reach the object at fixing discharging swash plate 31 angles of inclination, the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate 31 is not changed, can certainly select standing screw 381 motionless, rotary fixing screw mother 382, regulate the change in location of hold-down nut 382 on screw rod 381 also to conflict on fixed head 35, reach the object of adjusting angle of inclination between discharging swash plate 31 and fixed head 35, by being rotated down screw rod 381 and hold-down nut 382, increase the distance between fixed head 35 and discharging swash plate 31, thereby increase the angle of inclination between discharging swash plate 31 and fixed head 35, thereby increase workpiece that weight the is large weight component on the discharging swash plate 31, therefore facilitate the blanking of workpiece to carry, thereby improved the working (machining) efficiency of milling machine,
Because lathe easily produces larger vibration at work, rotational lock nut 383, locking nut 383 is conflicted at fixed head 35 on the sidewall away from jack-up axle sleeve 37, avoid the vibration of turn-milling machine tool that discharging swash plate 31 is popped up, reach fixing discharging swash plate 31 angles of inclination, avoid the object that between discharging swash plate 31 and fixed head 35, angle of inclination increases, affect the stability being connected between discharging swash plate 31 and milling machine organisation of working;
When jacking mechanism 36 is during the closer to milling machine organisation of working one side, distance between rotary screw 381 or hold-down nut 382 adjustment fixing plates 35 and discharging swash plate 31, reach and regulate the effect at angle of inclination between discharging swash plate 31 and fixed head 35 better, thereby having improved people only needs under rotary screw more than 381, screw rod 381 is risen to some distances, can increase considerably the angle of inclination between discharging swash plate 31 and fixed head 35, thereby heighten the efficiency of people's operations;
Because the overall gravity major part of blanking swash plate concentrates on jacking mechanism 36, by two jacking mechanisms 36, reach the object of the weight of jointly sharing blanking swash plate, thereby improved the service life of jacking mechanism 36; And the jacking mechanism 36 arranging by conllinear, in the time of rotary screw 381, the power that two jacking mechanisms 36 apply blanking swash plate, on same straight line, is avoided the run-off the straight in the horizontal direction of blanking swash plate, thereby is affected the transmission of workpiece;
In the time that the gradient of discharging swash plate 31 is set, most of gravity of discharging swash plate 31 all concentrates on jointed shaft, the angle of inclination of discharging swash plate 31 is larger, and the holding capacity of jointed shaft is larger, by the setting of bolt 391, jointed shaft is arranged on bolt 391, the mode connecting by bolt thread, not only good fixing effect, and in the time that jointed shaft damages, by changing bolt 391, reach with the object of changing jack-up axle sleeve 37.
Described vibrating disk assembly 3 comprises support 33, and described support 33 top slippages are connected with the support portion 34 for placing for vibrating disk 32, is threaded and is useful on the adjustment bolt 392 that regulates height between support portion 34 and support 33 on described support 33.
Vibrating disk 32 is placed on support portion 34, adjustment bolt 392 is threadedly connected to support 33 and conflict on support portion 34 in end, bolt 392 is adjusted in rotation, adjusting bolt 392 moves up and down along axial direction, thereby upper and lower slip can be carried out in support portion 34 on support 33 axial directions, thereby reach the object that regulates height between support portion 34 and support 33, therefore be placed on vibrating disk 32 on support portion 34 highly adjustable, thereby the adaptability of vibrating disk 32 is better, can meet the use of different type of machines milling machine.
As shown in Figures 9 to 11, described support 33 is provided with axle sleeve 55, described support portion 34 comprises the gripper shoe 15 for placing vibrating disk 32 and is fixed on gripper shoe 15 away from the lifting shaft 53 on vibrating disk 32 sidewalls, described lifting shaft 53 is plugged in axle sleeve 55 and can in axle sleeve 55, slides, on described support 33, be also provided with the screwed hole 41 communicating with axle sleeve 55 inside, described adjustment bolt 392 is threadedly connected to screwed hole 41 and the end end away from gripper shoe 15 of conflicting at lifting shaft 53.
Adjust bolt 392 and be threadedly connected to screwed hole 41 and the end end away from gripper shoe 15 of conflicting at lifting shaft 53, adjust bolt 392 by rotation, lifting shaft 53 is upper and lower slip in axle sleeve 55, due to axle sleeve 55, to be hollow cylindrical, therefore when lifting shaft 53 slides in axle sleeve 55, the top and bottom of lifting shaft 53 can be inconsistent with the madial wall of axle sleeve 55, support portion 34 stability of therefore placing for vibrating disk 32 are better, avoid lifting shaft 53 in the time of upper and lower slip, the vibrating disk 32 being placed in gripper shoe 15 rolls.
The opening of described axle sleeve 55 vertically arranges upward.
Vibrating disk 32 vertically conducts gravity to lifting shaft 53 by gripper shoe 15, because the opening of axle sleeve 55 vertically arranges upward, present 90 ° with ground, therefore when lifting shaft 53 slides in axle sleeve 55, avoid the madial wall of top, bottom and the axle sleeve 55 of lifting shaft 53 to conflict, thereby the smoothness when affecting lifting shaft 53 and sliding, and avoided having the axle sleeve 55 at angle of inclination, affect the shelf-stability of vibrating disk 32.
Concentric setting between described screwed hole 41 and axle sleeve 55.
Screwed hole 41 is positioned at the center of axle sleeve 55, be threadedly connected to screwed hole 41 at adjustment bolt 392, on axial direction, carry out time in rotary moving, only the shaft core position of lifting shaft 53 is conflicted, make 53 of lifting shafts in vertical, the enterprising line slip of axial direction, thereby the madial wall of avoiding lifting shaft 53 to occur to roll with axle sleeve 55 is conflicted, while avoiding sliding, produce the sense that stagnates.
Described axle sleeve 55 is provided with set bolt 57, and described set bolt 57 is arranged in axle sleeve 55 and conflict on the lateral wall of lifting shaft 53 in end.
While slip in axle sleeve 55 due to lifting shaft 53, need to keep leaving point space between the lateral wall of lifting shaft 53 and the madial wall of axle sleeve 55, in the time that vibrating disk 32 is placed in gripper shoe 15, the space of leaving easily causes vibrating disk 32 to produce and rock in gripper shoe 15, by rotary fixing screw bolt 57, conflicted on the lateral wall of lifting shaft 53 in the end of set bolt 57, thereby will between lifting shaft 53 and axle sleeve 55, push against, reach the object of fixing lifting shaft 53, the space of avoiding lifting shaft 53 to exist between axle sleeve 55, causes vibrating disk 32 to be placed unstable.
Described set bolt 57 is provided with two, and two described set bolts 57 arrange along axle sleeve 55 axial direction conllinear.
Because the distance interval between axle sleeve 55 top and bottoms is longer, in the time that lifting shaft 53 is plugged in axle sleeve 55, only the lifting shaft 53 at axle sleeve 55 tops is fixed, easily cause lifting shaft 53 generations that are positioned at axle sleeve 55 bottoms to be rocked, arrange along axle sleeve 55 axial direction conllinear by two set bolts 57, reach the distance shortening between axle sleeve 55 top and bottoms, further improved the fixed effect of lifting shaft 53 in axle sleeve 55, avoid lifting shaft 53 to produce and rock in axle sleeve 55.
The locking nut 383 that has been threaded on described adjustment bolt 392, described locking nut 383 is conflicted at support 33 on the sidewall away from support portion 34.
Piled workpiece in vibrating disk 32 time, the weight of whole support portion 34 is conflicted in the end of lifting shaft 53 concentrating on adjustment bolt 392, only rely on the adjustment bolt 392 that is threadedly connected to screwed hole 41 to be difficult to support the weight of whole support portion 34, easily produce the phenomenon of thread off, by locking nut 383, be locked on the sidewall of support 33 adjusting bolt 392, reach the object of fixed adjustment bolt 392; And play the effect of sharing certain support portion 34 weight.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention; it is not limitation of the present invention; those skilled in the art are reading after this description and can make to the present embodiment the amendment that there is no creative contribution as required, but as long as within the scope of claim of the present invention, are all subject to the protection of Patent Law.

Claims (10)

1. a digital control typewriter, comprise frame (1), vibrating disk (32) assembly (3), feeding device (6), typewriting mechanism (8), drawing mechanism (9) and pay-off (10), it is characterized in that: described pay-off (10) comprises feed mechanism, for driving the chain-drive mechanism of feed mechanism work and the driver (23) for drive chain transmission mechanism;
Described feed mechanism comprises slide rail (11), the bearing (12) being connected with slide rail (11) slippage, the feeding rod (13) being fixedly connected with bearing (12) and the linkage unit being connected with chain-drive mechanism;
Described chain-drive mechanism comprises chain wheel set (21) and chain (22), and described chain (22) is fixedly connected with linkage unit.
2. digital control typewriter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described linkage unit comprises upper cover (141) and linkage board (142), linkage board (142) the relatively one side of upper cover (141) is arranged with some interlock teeth (143), and the tooth (143) that respectively links embeds the gap of chain (22) successively;
One end of described upper cover (141) conflict interlock tooth (143) is also fixedly connected with linkage board (142).
3. digital control typewriter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism is provided with the gripper shoe (15) for supporting feeding rod (13), described gripper shoe (15) is provided with through hole (16), and feeding rod (13) is arranged in described through hole (16);
And gripper shoe (15) relatively side of linkage unit is provided with limited block, described limited block is fixedly connected on feeding rod (13) above and conflicts with gripper shoe (15);
The cross section of upper cover (141) is " L " character form structure.
4. digital control typewriter according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the both sides of described slide rail (11) are all " > " character form structure is to self central concave, and bearing (12) is embedded at slide rail (11) and matches with slide rail (11);
Described bearing (12) is provided with station test rod (18), and station test rod (18) is list structure and extends to a side of bearing (12) from bearing (12); The outward flange of described linkage board (142) is provided with interlock tooth for subsequent use (143).
5. digital control typewriter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding device (6) comprises propelling movement cylinder (61), adjustment seat (62) and push rod (63), described push rod (63) is fixedly connected with cylinder, also arranges through adjustment seat (62);
Described adjustment seat (62) is provided with the adjustment structure for regulating push rod (63) height.
6. digital control typewriter according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described adjustment seat (62) is divided into the seat of honour (621) and lower (622), described upper and lower seat (622) be respectively " protruding " character form structure and " recessed " character form structure, and mutually grafting coordinate, the seat of honour (621) offer adjustment hole and are positioned at the recess of lower (622);
The described seat of honour (621) is fixedly connected with lower (622) by bolt (391), and the seat of honour (621) offer two locating holes (64), locating hole (64) internal thread is connected with bolt (391), and the surface of one end of bolt (391) and lower (622) is inconsistent.
7. digital control typewriter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described feeding device (6) and typewriting mechanism (8), be provided with the sleeve (7) for passing for driver bit, the inwall of described sleeve (7) is embedded with at least three springs (71), and each spring (71) is all circumferentially uniformly distributed along the inwall of sleeve (7);
One end of each spring (71) is connected with sleeve (7), the other end is connected with steel ball (72).
8. digital control typewriter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibrating disk (32) assembly (3) comprises the discharging swash plate (31) being fixed in frame (1), fixed head (35) and jacking mechanism (36), described jacking mechanism (36) comprises the jack-up axle sleeve (37) being hinged in discharging swash plate (31) lower wall, screw rod (381), and be threadedly connected to the hold-down nut (382) of screw rod (381), described screw rod (381) is arranged in fixed head (35) and end thread is connected in jack-up axle sleeve (37), described hold-down nut (382) is conflicted at fixed head (35) near on the sidewall of jack-up axle sleeve (37),
The locking nut (383) that has been threaded on described screw rod (381), described locking nut (383) is conflicted at fixed head (35) on the sidewall away from jack-up axle sleeve (37); Jacking mechanism (36) is positioned at discharging swash plate (31) one sides; Described jacking mechanism (36) is provided with two, and two described jacking mechanisms (36) arrange along fixed head (35) length direction conllinear; Discharging swash plate (31) is provided with supporting seat (39), bolt (391), and it is upper that described jack-up axle sleeve (37) is hinged on supporting seat (39), and described bolt (391) is arranged in supporting seat (39) and end thread is connected in discharging swash plate (31).
9. digital control typewriter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibrating disk (32) assembly (3) comprises support (33), described support (33) top slippage is connected with the support portion (34) for placing for vibrating disk (32), is threaded and is useful on the adjustment bolt (392) that regulates height between support portion (34) and support (33) on described support (33);
Described support (33) is provided with axle sleeve (55), described support portion (34) comprises the gripper shoe (15) for placing vibrating disk (32), and be fixed on gripper shoe (15) away from the lifting shaft (53) on vibrating disk (32) sidewall, described lifting shaft (53) is plugged in axle sleeve (55) and can in axle sleeve (55), slides, on described support (33), be also provided with the screwed hole (41) communicating with axle sleeve (55) inside, described adjustment bolt (392) is threadedly connected to screwed hole (41) and the end end away from gripper shoe (15) of conflicting at lifting shaft (53),
The opening of described axle sleeve (55) vertically arranges upward, concentric setting between screwed hole (41) and axle sleeve (55);
Axle sleeve (55) is provided with set bolt (57), described set bolt (57) is arranged in axle sleeve (55) and conflict on the lateral wall of lifting shaft (53) in end, set bolt (57) is provided with two, and two described set bolts (57) arrange along axle sleeve (55) axial direction conllinear;
The locking nut (383) that has been threaded on described adjustment bolt (392), described locking nut (383) is conflicted at support (33) on the sidewall away from support portion (34).
10. a processing method for digital control typewriter, concrete steps are as follows:
1, driver bit vibrating disk to be processed (32) is from shaking, and tumbles feeding device (6) by discharging swash plate (31) and locate;
2, push cylinder (61) and drive push rod (63), driver bit is pushed in typewriting mechanism (8) and locates the drawing mechanism (9) of waiting for through sleeve (7), steel ball (72) in sleeve (7) is conflicted with the surface of driver bit, driver bit can be located, and prevents its rotation;
3, after having typewrited, drawing mechanism (9) moves to pay-off (10) and locates, the control system of lathe sends instruction to driver (23), just drive chain transmission mechanism work of driver (23), the master of chain-drive mechanism, driven pulley running drives chain (22) running, then drive linkage board (142) to do sliding motion along the track of slide rail (11) by chain (22), then the feeding rod (13) on bearing (12) is just mobile forward sends the driver bit of having carved word into further processing in numerically controlled lathe, driver bit is delivered to and specified after station when feeding rod (13), driver (23) reversion, just interlock successively, last feeding rod (13) resets, complete typewriting task one time.
CN201610140125.3A 2016-03-11 2016-03-11 Digital control typewriter Active CN105583632B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108284252A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-07-17 桐庐方圆锁业有限公司 A kind of grooving method of padlock shackle
CN111300054A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-19 温岭市科宇自动化设备有限公司 Workpiece punching and turning-milling all-in-one machine

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CN202225005U (en) * 2011-10-11 2012-05-23 成都航威精密刃具有限公司 Mobile round steel support in round steel blanking procedure
CN103273363A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-04 四川东方能源科技股份有限公司 Carrying platform capable of lifting
CN205394011U (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-07-27 温岭市科宇自动化设备有限公司 Numerical control typewriter

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DE3437171A1 (en) * 1984-10-10 1986-04-10 Felten & Guilleaume GmbH, 5000 Köln Apparatus for labelling, marking or writing on articles having a curved surface
CN2751951Y (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-01-18 中国北车集团永济电机厂 Adjustable oblique hole drill mould
CN101596825A (en) * 2009-07-07 2009-12-09 南京飞燕活塞环股份有限公司 A kind of piston ring automatic cutting plotter
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108284252A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-07-17 桐庐方圆锁业有限公司 A kind of grooving method of padlock shackle
CN108284252B (en) * 2017-11-29 2019-11-05 桐庐方圆锁业有限公司 A kind of grooving method of padlock shackle
CN111300054A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-19 温岭市科宇自动化设备有限公司 Workpiece punching and turning-milling all-in-one machine

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