CN105541386B - A kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105541386B
CN105541386B CN201610020277.XA CN201610020277A CN105541386B CN 105541386 B CN105541386 B CN 105541386B CN 201610020277 A CN201610020277 A CN 201610020277A CN 105541386 B CN105541386 B CN 105541386B
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parts
weight
particle diameter
kilograms
metakaolin
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CN105541386A (en
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宋誉
李凌
邓盖
周兴瑜
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Ji'an Fourth Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
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Ji'an Fourth Construction Engineering Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The concrete aerated insulating brick of the present invention, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:115~125 parts of Portland cement, 100~110 parts of compounded mix, strengthen 7~9 parts of filler, 7~8 parts of composite foamable agent, 9~10 parts of additive, 55~62 parts of paper waste;The compounded mix is made of flyash, titanium nitride, metakaolin, ceramic polished waste residue;The reinforcing filler is made of polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, short glass fiber;The composite foamable agent is made of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate;The additive is made of ammonium polyphosphate, sodium dehydroacetate, pine tar, high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid.The concrete aerated insulating brick of the present invention, has the characteristics that very prominent high compressive strength, high bending intensity, and high insulating effect.

Description

A kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, is specially a kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The selection of outer wall material is when selecting outer wall material, it should be noted that the load-bearing of exterior wall, insulation, moisture-proof and economic aspect It is required that.Clay solid brick wall have it is cheap, heat storage capacity is strong, heat endurance is good, and have certain moisture absorption and dissipate wet effect The advantages that, but this materials for wall weight, thickness are big, during construction cost.The heat-insulating property of structural clay tile wall is higher than solid brick wall One times or so, light-weight 20~40%, intensity is also higher.The heat-insulating property of concrete hollow brick is similar to hollow brick.Light bone Expect concrete walls have with solid brick wall similar in heat-insulating property and higher intensity, production and construct simpler, its heat insulating ability The heat conductivility of orthopaedics in itself can be depended primarily upon.Lightweight concrete (full lightweight concrete), such as foam concrete, air entrained concrete Have the advantages that light-weight, insulation, sound absorption are good and easy to process, but be unable to load-bearing.Also one kind is by structure sheaf, insulating layer and decorations The composite construction wallboard of surface layer composition, its insulating layer are often made of rock wool, mineral wool, air entrained concrete or polystyrene etc..It is multiple There is certain influence in the insulating layer position for closing structural wall board to the heat-insulating property of wall, must be used according to indoor and outdoor weather conditions, room On the way, the factor such as the Thermal-Wet Properties of thermal insulation material and its intensity is determined.
Patent application 201010562916.8 discloses a kind of magnesium cement foam material, by light calcined magnesia, filler and answers After mould assembly foaming agent is according to 10~90%, 5~89%, 0.8~10% mass ratio mixing, according to the 100 of mixture gross mass ~150% mix magnesium chloride solution, by stirring evenly, moulding by casting is made.It dries 400~900kg/m of apparent density3, 4~10MPa of compression strength, 0.06~0.25W/m.K of thermal conductivity factor.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims to overcome that deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and its preparation side Method.
The concrete aerated insulating brick of the present invention, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Portland cement 115~ 125 parts, 100~110 parts of compounded mix, strengthen 7~9 parts of filler, 7~8 parts of composite foamable agent, 9~10 parts of additive, papermaking are given up 55~62 parts of water;
The compounded mix is made of flyash, titanium nitride, metakaolin, ceramic polished waste residue;
The reinforcing filler is made of polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, short glass fiber;
The composite foamable agent is made of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate;
The additive is made of ammonium polyphosphate, sodium dehydroacetate, pine tar, high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid.
As an optimization, this concrete aerated insulating brick;It is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Portland cement 120 parts, 40 parts of flyash, 10 parts of titanium nitride, 20 parts of metakaolin, 35 parts of ceramic polished waste residue, polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton 4 Part, 4 parts of short glass fiber, 3 parts of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, 2.5 parts of alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate 2 Part, 1 part of ammonium polyphosphate, 1 part of sodium dehydroacetate, 3 parts of pine tar, 4.5 parts of high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid, 58 parts of paper waste.
As an optimization, the concrete aerated insulating brick, the compounded mix is by flyash of the particle diameter for 20~30 μm, particle diameter The ceramic polished waste residue composition that metakaolin that titanium nitride, particle diameter for 10~20 μm are 2~5 μm, particle diameter are 15~20 μm;Institute Reinforcing filler is stated to be made of polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, short glass fiber.
The method for preparing the concrete aerated insulating brick of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A, flyash, titanium nitride, metakaolin, the ceramic polished waste residue of the parts by weight are taken, is mixed evenly;
B, polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, the short glass fiber of the parts by weight are taken, is mixed evenly;
C, it is the Portland cement of the parts by weight, ammonium polyphosphate, sodium dehydroacetate, pine tar, polycarboxylic acids is high Performance water-reducing agent, is mixed evenly;
D, the powder in the paper wastes of the parts by weight, step a is taken, is added in the mixture in step c, is stirred Uniformly;
E, by the dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate of the parts by weight, alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate, step Mixture in rapid b, is added sequentially in the mixture in step d, under the conditions of 45~55 DEG C, with 600~700 turns/min's Speed stirs 30~50 minutes;
F, the slurry that will be stirred in step e, is poured into mould, quiet to stop, hardening;After form removal, natural curing 5 days is carried out, i.e., Into.
The concrete aerated insulating brick of the present invention, is made of special formula and technique, and compounded mix is by flyash, nitridation Titanium, metakaolin, ceramic polished waste residue composition;Strengthen filler to be made of polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, short glass fiber;Coordinate Special additive, combines with portland cement and reaches unexpected intensity enhancing effect;With very prominent high resistance to compression The characteristics of intensity, high bending intensity, and high insulating effect.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described for example given below plan, but is not to be construed as to the scope of the present invention Limitation, those skilled in the art's some the nonessential modifications and adaptations of content to the present invention according to the present invention, still fall within this The protection domain of invention.
Embodiment 1:
A, 40 kilograms of the flyash, 10 kilograms of the titanium nitride that particle diameter is 10~20 μm, particle diameter 2 that particle diameter is 20~30 μm are taken ~5 μm of 20 kilograms of metakaolin, 35 kilograms of the ceramic polished waste residue that particle diameter is 15~20 μm, are mixed evenly;
B, 3.3 μm of average diameter for taking Zhejiang Wei Ye crystal fibres Co., Ltd to produce, F-1000 polycrystalline mullite fibres 4 Kilogram, Zibo Bang Sen composite materials Co., Ltd production 6 millimeters of specification, 4 kilograms of glass chopped silk, be mixed evenly;
C, by 120 kilograms of Portland cement, 1 kilogram of ammonium polyphosphate, 1 kilogram of sodium dehydroacetate, 3 kilograms of pine tar, Converge 4.5 kilograms of the SH-J types high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid that engineering material Co., Ltd produces for Zhoukou City three, is mixed evenly;
D, the powder in 58 kilograms of paper waste, step a is taken, is added in the mixture in step c, stirs evenly;
E, by 3 kilograms of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, 2.5 kilograms of alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate 2,000 Gram, the mixture in step b, be added sequentially in the mixture in step d, under the conditions of 45~55 DEG C, with 600~700 turns/ The speed of min stirs 30~50 minutes;
F, the slurry that will be stirred in step e, is poured into mould, quiet to stop, hardening;After form removal, natural curing 5 days is carried out, i.e., Into.
Embodiment 2:
A, 38 kilograms of the flyash, 9.5 kilograms of the titanium nitride that particle diameter is 10~20 μm, particle diameter that particle diameter is 20~30 μm is taken to be 2~5 μm of 19 kilograms of metakaolin, 33.5 kilograms of the ceramic polished waste residue that particle diameter is 15~20 μm, are mixed evenly;
B, 3.3 μm of average diameter for taking Zhejiang Wei Ye crystal fibres Co., Ltd to produce, F-1000 polycrystalline mullite fibres 3.5 kilograms, 6 millimeters of specification, 3.5 kilograms of the glass chopped silk of Zibo Bang Sen composite materials Co., Ltd production, are mixed Uniformly;
C, by 115 kilograms of Portland cement, 1 kilogram of ammonium polyphosphate, 1 kilogram of sodium dehydroacetate, 3 kilograms of pine tar, Converge 4 kilograms of the SH-J types high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid that engineering material Co., Ltd produces for Zhoukou City three, is mixed evenly;
D, the powder in 55 kilograms of paper waste, step a is taken, is added in the mixture in step c, stirs evenly;
E, by 3 kilograms of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, 2 kilograms of alkyl polyglucoside, 2 kilograms of pentaerythritol stearate, Mixture in step b, is added sequentially in the mixture in step d, under the conditions of 45~55 DEG C, with 600~700 turns/min Speed stir 30~50 minutes;
F, the slurry that will be stirred in step e, is poured into mould, quiet to stop, hardening;After form removal, natural curing 5 days is carried out, i.e., Into.
Embodiment 3:
A, 42 kilograms of the flyash, 11 kilograms of the titanium nitride that particle diameter is 10~20 μm, particle diameter 2 that particle diameter is 20~30 μm are taken ~5 μm of 21 kilograms of metakaolin, 36 kilograms of the ceramic polished waste residue that particle diameter is 15~20 μm, are mixed evenly;
B, 3.3 μm of average diameter for taking Zhejiang Wei Ye crystal fibres Co., Ltd to produce, F-1000 polycrystalline mullite fibres 4.5 kilograms, 6 millimeters of specification, 4.5 kilograms of the glass chopped silk of Zibo Bang Sen composite materials Co., Ltd production, are mixed Uniformly;
C, by 125 kilograms of Portland cement, 1 kilogram of ammonium polyphosphate, 1 kilogram of sodium dehydroacetate, 3 kilograms of pine tar, Converge 5 kilograms of the SH-J types high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid that engineering material Co., Ltd produces for Zhoukou City three, is mixed evenly;
D, the powder in 62 kilograms of paper waste, step a is taken, is added in the mixture in step c, stirs evenly;
E, by 3.5 kilograms of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, 2.5 kilograms of alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate 2,000 Gram, the mixture in step b, be added sequentially in the mixture in step d, under the conditions of 45~55 DEG C, with 600~700 turns/ The speed of min stirs 30~50 minutes;
F, the slurry that will be stirred in step e, is poured into mould, quiet to stop, hardening;After form removal, natural curing 5 days is carried out, i.e., Into.
Aerated insulation brick in each embodiment, major parameter situation see the table below.
Major parameter situation
Group Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Apparent density (kg/m3) 815 821 823
Compression strength (MPa) 10.11 10.12 10.14
Bending intensity (MPa) 2.09 2.03 2.06
Thermal conductivity factor (W/m.K) 0.112 0.110 0.113

Claims (2)

1. a kind of concrete aerated insulating brick, it is characterised in that be by the raw material of following parts by weight:Portland cement 120 parts, 40 parts of flyash, 10 parts of titanium nitride, 20 parts of metakaolin, 35 parts of ceramic polished waste residue, polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton 4 Part, 4 parts of short glass fiber, 3 parts of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, 2.5 parts of alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate 2 Part, 1 part of ammonium polyphosphate, 1 part of sodium dehydroacetate, 3 parts of pine tar, 4.5 parts of high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid, 58 parts of paper waste;
It is made up of following steps:
A, flyash, titanium nitride, metakaolin, the ceramic polished waste residue of the parts by weight are taken, is mixed evenly;
B, polycrystalline mullite fiber cotton, the short glass fiber of the parts by weight are taken, is mixed evenly;
C, by the Portland cement of the parts by weight, ammonium polyphosphate, sodium dehydroacetate, pine tar, poly-carboxylic high-performance Water-reducing agent, is mixed evenly;
D, the powder in the paper wastes of the parts by weight, step a is taken, is added in the mixture in step c, stirring is equal It is even;
E, by the dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate of the parts by weight, alkyl polyglucoside, pentaerythritol stearate, step b In mixture, be added sequentially in the mixture in step d, under the conditions of 45~55 DEG C, with the speed of 600~700 turns/min Degree stirring 30~50 minutes;
F, the slurry that will be stirred in step e, is poured into mould, quiet to stop, hardening;After form removal, natural curing 5 days is carried out,.
2. concrete aerated insulating brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle diameter of the flyash is 20~30 μm, the particle diameter of titanium nitride be 10~20 μm, the particle diameter of metakaolin is 2~5 μm, the particle diameter of ceramic polished waste residue is 15~20 μ m。
CN201610020277.XA 2016-01-13 2016-01-13 A kind of concrete aerated insulating brick and preparation method thereof Active CN105541386B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107140879A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-09-08 合肥信亚达智能科技有限公司 A kind of heat insulation floor and preparation method thereof
CN108046648B (en) * 2017-12-20 2021-01-26 上海荣济建筑科技有限公司 Preparation method of foam concrete foaming agent
CN108298932A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-20 合肥候鸟新型材料有限公司 A kind of building thermal insulation material
CN108101436A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-01 铜仁学院 A kind of thermal insulation concrete of slag containing manganese and preparation method thereof
CN108640632A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-10-12 合肥万之景门窗有限公司 A kind of high performance energy-saving insulating brick and preparation method thereof
CN110066155A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-30 佛山市顺德区伦教港兴建材有限公司 A kind of building block and preparation method thereof
CN111377681A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-07-07 浙江向往建筑节能科技有限公司 Preparation method of lightweight pressure-resistant easy-to-preserve aerated concrete plate

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503522A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-06-20 宁波平海建材有限公司 Energy-saving self-heat-insulation ceramsite building block and its manufacturing method and forming mould
CN102910889A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-06 华虹集团宜兴市华虹新型墙体建筑材料有限公司 Aerated concrete wall material containing river silt and preparation method thereof
CN104496295A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-08 柳州立洁科技有限公司 Aluminum-free autoclaved fly aerated concrete block

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503522A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-06-20 宁波平海建材有限公司 Energy-saving self-heat-insulation ceramsite building block and its manufacturing method and forming mould
CN102910889A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-06 华虹集团宜兴市华虹新型墙体建筑材料有限公司 Aerated concrete wall material containing river silt and preparation method thereof
CN104496295A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-08 柳州立洁科技有限公司 Aluminum-free autoclaved fly aerated concrete block

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Inventor after: Song Yu

Inventor after: Li Ling

Inventor after: Deng Gai

Inventor after: Zhou Xingyu

Inventor before: Wang Hubin

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Effective date of registration: 20180412

Address after: 343000 1 and 2 buildings of Jinggangshan Avenue, Jizhou District, Ji'an, Jiangxi, China, 32

Applicant after: Ji'an Fourth Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 322100, Zhejiang, Jinhua province Dongyang Jiangbei Street Gan Wang village account

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