CN105521175A - 一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药 - Google Patents

一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药 Download PDF

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CN105521175A
CN105521175A CN201610036353.6A CN201610036353A CN105521175A CN 105521175 A CN105521175 A CN 105521175A CN 201610036353 A CN201610036353 A CN 201610036353A CN 105521175 A CN105521175 A CN 105521175A
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李土才
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黄庆辉
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Abstract

<b />本发明提供一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12-15份、川芎8-12份、赤芍15-20份、白芍12-20份、熟地12-30份、元胡3-8份、没药6-9份、小茴香8-12份、肉桂3-8份、蒲黄12-15份、五灵脂6-12份、桃仁6-12份、牛膝6-10份。本发明是按照“活血祛瘀,温经止痛”治疗原则,提供一种治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,采用该中药不仅治愈速度快,愈后不再复发,而且无任何副作用,对身体健康还有良好的调理作用。

Description

—种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及妇科用药领域,具体涉及一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药。
背景技术
[0002]月经周期基本正常,经量明显减少,甚或点滴即净,或经期缩短不足两天,经量亦少者,称为“月经过少”。亦称“经水涩少”、“经量过少”、“经行微少”。
[0003] 病因病机:主要机理为精亏血少,冲任气血不足,或寒凝瘀阻,冲任气血不畅,血海满溢不多而致。常见的分型有肾虚、血虚、血寒和血瘀。血瘀:经期产后,余血未净之际,七情内伤,气滞血瘀,或感受邪气,邪与血结,瘀滞冲任,气血运行不畅,血海满溢不多,致经行量少。
[0004]血瘀型主要证候:经行涩少,色紫黑有块,小腹刺痛拒按,血块下后痛减,或胸胁胀痛,舌紫黯,或有瘀斑紫点,脉涩有力。
[0005]西医治疗月经过少选用激素、黄体酮、抗生素等药物,药物品种较少,治疗方案局限,疗程较长,给患者带来一定的心理负担和精神压力等。临床市场需要一种能够有效治疗
月经过少,不良反应较少,疗程短的新药以满足临床的需求。
发明内容
[0006]本发明的目的是按照“活血祛瘀,温经止痛”治疗原则,提供一种治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,采用该中药不仅治愈速度快,愈后不再复发,而且无任何副作用,对身体健康还有良好的调理作用。
[0007]为实现本发明的上述目的,所采用的技术方案是:一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其特征在于:其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12-15份、川芎8-12份、赤芍15-20份、白苟12-20份、熟地12-30份、元胡3-8份、没药6-9份、小茴香8-12份、肉桂3-8份、蒲黄12-15份、五灵脂6-12份、桃仁6-12份、牛膝6-10份。
[0008]优选地,所述的一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其特征在于:其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12份、川;8份、赤芍15份、白芍12份、熟地30份、元胡6份、没药6份、小茴香12份、肉桂6份、蒲黄12份、五灵脂6份、桃仁6份、牛膝9份。
[0009]各原料的药理作用如下:
[0010]当归:补血;活血;调经止痛;润燥滑肠。主血虚诸证;月经不调;经闭;痛经;症瘕结聚;崩漏;虚寒腹痛;痿痹;肌肤麻木;肠燥便难;赤痢后重;痈疽疮疡;跌扑损伤。
[0010]川芎:性温,归肝、胆、心经,气香升散。具有活血行气,祛风止痛的功效。主治月经不调,痛经,经闭,难产,胞衣不下,产后恶露腹痛,肿块,心胸胁疼痛,跌打损伤肿痛,头痛眩晕目暗,风寒湿痹,肢体麻木,痈疽疮疡。
[0011] 赤芍:清热凉血,散瘀止痛。用于热人营血,温毒发斑,吐血衄血,目赤肿痛,肝郁胁痛,经闭痛经,瘾瘕腹痛,跌扑损伤,痈肿疮疡。
[0012]白芍:平肝止痛,养血调经,敛阴止汗。用于头痛眩晕,胁痛,腹痛,四肢挛痛,血虚萎黄,月经不调,自汗,盗汗。
[0013]熟地:甘,微温。归肝、肾经。有补血养阴,填精益髓的功效。用于血虚萎黄,眩晕,心悸失眠,月经不调,崩漏等症,亦可用于肾阴不足的潮热骨蒸、盗汗、遗精、消渴等症。
[0014]元胡:味辛、苦,性温。有活血散瘀,利气止痛的功能。用于全身各部气滞血瘀之痛,痛经,经闭,症瘕,产后瘀阻,跌扑损伤,疝气作痛。
[0015]没药:散瘀定痛,消肿生肌。用于胸痹心痛,胃脘疼痛,痛经经闭.产后瘀阻,癥瘕腹痛,风湿痹痛,跌打损伤,痈肿疮疡等病症的治疗。
[0016]小茴香:有散寒止痛,理气和胃的功效。盐小茴香有暖肾散寒止痛的功效。用于寒疝腹痛,睾丸偏坠,痛经,少腹冷痛,脘腹胀痛,食少吐泻。盐小茴香用于寒疝腹痛,睾丸偏坠,经寒腹痛。
[0017]肉桂:补元阳,暖脾胃,除积冷,通血脉。治命门火衰,肢冷脉微,亡阳虚脱,腹痛泄泻,寒疝奔豚,腰膝冷痛,经闭症瘕,阴疽,流注,及虚阳浮越,上热下寒。
[0018] 蒲黄:止血,化瘀,通淋。用于吐血,衄血,咯血,崩漏,外伤出血,经闭通经,胸腹刺痛,跌扑肿痛,血淋涩痛。
[0019]五灵脂:活血散瘀,炒炭止血。用于心腹淤血作痛,痛经,血瘀经闭,产后淤血腹痛;炒炭治崩漏下血;外用治跌打损伤,蛇、虫咬伤。
[0020]桃仁:具有活血祛瘀,润肠通便,止咳平喘的功效。用于经闭痛经,瘕瘕痞块,肺痈肠痈,跌扑损伤,肠燥便秘,咳嗽气喘。
[0021]牛膝:逐瘀通经,补肝肾,强筋骨,利尿通淋,引血下行。主治:用于经闭,痛经,腰膝酸痛,筋骨无力,淋证,水肿,头痛,眩晕,牙痛,日疮,吐血,衄血。
[0022]本发明将以上各种原料有机地组合在一起,具有活血祛瘀,温经止痛的功效,各成份之间相互协调,相互作用,对治疗血瘀型月经过少能够标本兼治,且对身体有良好的调理作用。多年来,通过对100例此类患者的跟踪调查统计,表明此药方治愈率达到96%。
[0023] 典型病例
杨某,女,20岁,学生。症状:自诉经行涩少,色紫黑有块,小腹刺痛拒按,血块下后痛减,或胸胁胀痛,舌紫黯,或有瘀斑紫点,脉涩有力。口服上述中药调理治疗,每日一剂,水煎月艮,分早中晚三次,上方连服10剂,症状消失,随访3个月,经期规则,经量正常。
[0024]季某,女,31岁,工人。症状:自诉经行涩少,色紫黑有块,小腹刺痛拒按,血块下后痛减。口服上述中药调理治疗,每日一剂,水煎服,分早中晚三次,上方连服12剂,症状消失,下一经期来临月经血量正常,治愈。
[0025]张某,女,36岁,文员。症状:自诉经行涩少,色紫黑有块,小腹刺痛拒按,血块下后痛减,脉涩有力。口服上述中药调理治疗,每日一剂,水煎服,分早中晚三次,上方连服18剂,症状消失,下月月经及经量均正常,治愈。随访至今未复发。
具体实施方式
[0026]下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
[0027] 实施例1
一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12份、川芎8份、赤芍15份、白芍12份、熟地30份、元胡6份、没药6份、小茴香12份、肉桂6份、蒲黄12份、五灵脂6份、桃仁6份、牛膝9份。
[0028] 实施例2
一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12份、川芎8份、赤芍15份、白芍12份、熟地12份、元胡3份、没药6份、小茴香8份、肉桂3份、蒲黄12份、五灵月旨6份、桃仁6份、牛膝6份。
[0029] 实施例3
一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归15份、川;12份、赤芍20份、白芍20份、熟地30份、元胡8份、没药9份、小茴香12份、肉桂8份、蒲黄15份、五灵脂12份、桃仁12份、牛膝10份。
[0030]本发明实施例中的中药按常规的水煎法制取药剂。具体方法如下:将组方的中药原料放入容器中,加冷水漫过药面,浸泡15〜20分钟,再加水没过药面约6厘米,进行第一次煎煮,未沸前采用武火煎煮,沸后用文火煎煮20〜30分钟;第二煎煮,加水没过药面约4厘米,进行煎煮,水沸后煎煮15〜20分钟。两次煎煮取汁,合并。每日一剂,分早中晚三次服用,五剂为一疗程。

Claims (2)

1.一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其特征在于:其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12-15份、川;8-12份、赤芍15-20份、白芍12-20份、熟地12-30份、元胡3-8份、没药6-9份、小茴香8-12份、肉桂3-8份、蒲黄12-15份、五灵脂6-12份、桃仁6-12份、牛膝6-10份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于治疗血瘀型月经过少的中药,其特征在于:其中药原料及重量份配比为:当归12份、川芎8份、赤芍15份、白芍12份、熟地30份、元胡6份、没药6份、小茴香12份、肉桂6份、蒲黄12份、五灵脂6份、桃仁6份、牛膝9份。
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CN109157589A (zh) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-08 云南中医学院 一种用于血瘀证患者的外用药膏及制备方法

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