CN105439248A - Sweeping car with ceramic film filter - Google Patents

Sweeping car with ceramic film filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105439248A
CN105439248A CN201610019954.6A CN201610019954A CN105439248A CN 105439248 A CN105439248 A CN 105439248A CN 201610019954 A CN201610019954 A CN 201610019954A CN 105439248 A CN105439248 A CN 105439248A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
film filter
ceramic
pipeline
purpose ceramic
water tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610019954.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋宪礼
张振海
汪元汀
祝承东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yantai Haide Special Vehicle Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yantai Haide Special Vehicle Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yantai Haide Special Vehicle Co Ltd filed Critical Yantai Haide Special Vehicle Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610019954.6A priority Critical patent/CN105439248A/en
Publication of CN105439248A publication Critical patent/CN105439248A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D63/00Apparatus in general for separation processes using semi-permeable membranes
    • B01D63/06Tubular membrane modules
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2311/00Details relating to membrane separation process operations and control
    • B01D2311/26Further operations combined with membrane separation processes
    • B01D2311/2649Filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2317/00Membrane module arrangements within a plant or an apparatus
    • B01D2317/06Use of membrane modules of the same kind
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/008Mobile apparatus and plants, e.g. mounted on a vehicle

Abstract

The invention discloses a sweeping car with a ceramic film filter. The sweeping car comprises a car chassis, a draught fan, a pumping air flue, a pumping pipe, a pumping disc, a hairbrush disc, a sewage tank, a clean water tank and a water spraying device; a ceramic film filtering system with the ceramic film filter is arranged on the car chassis; the ceramic film filtering system is characterized in that the sewage tank is connected with the water pump through a pipeline; the water pump is connected with one or more than one ceramic film filters through a pipeline; the ceramic film filter is connected with the sewage tank through a pipeline; the ceramic film filter is formed by arranging a ceramic film pipe in a sealed shell; the two ends of the sealed shell are respectively used as a sewage inlet and a sewage outlet which are connected with a pipeline; the sealed shell is provided with a clean water outlet. The sweeping car with the ceramic film filter, provided by the invention, can be widely used for cleaning urban streets; the effective sweeping working time of the sweeping car can be greatly improved, the number of times of filling clean water into the working car at a water station and discharging sewage in a refuse dump is reduced; the purchasing and using cost of cars in a unit working area can be reduced, the emission amount of the sewage is reduced and the utilization rate of water resources is improved.

Description

A kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter
Technical field
The invention belongs to a special sanitation vehicle technical field, especially relate to a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter, be mainly used in the environmental sanitation maintenance work on road surface.
Background technology
Along with the widespread use of environmental sanitation road surface sweeper, how to improve the effective operation time of sweeper and the sweeper reduced in fundamental operation area is purchased and use cost has become a new research topic.After road surface is rinsed by conventional vehicles in the market, collected sewage generally adopts the mode of directly discharge, this not only causes the waste of water resources, and need repeatedly anhydrate station filling clear water and remove Refuse bin sewage effluent, significantly limit the effective operation time of sweeper.Therefore adopt the environmental sanitation vehicles of bilge strainer to reduce sewage discharge, the repeating utilization factor of water can also be improved, improve the activity duration of vehicle.The conventional filter systems not only bulky that existing market adopts, seriously take the finite space of sweeper, and sewage treating efficiency is low, filter screen very easily results in blockage, not easy to clean, has the work period short, the great feature of maintenance cost.
The patent No. of Fujian Longma sanitation equipment Co.ltd's application is " the sweeper Regenerated water circulation utilized device " of CN203899295U, and it utilizes PE sintered membrane as filtering membrane, easily blocks, and all needs manual cleaning after using at every turn.The patent No. that Zhong Lianchong section applies for is that " control method of sweeper, the equipment and system " of CN102561241A adopts the method for the empty G&W in the outside decimated filter membrane of water pump to carry out pressure filtration, the disadvantage of this filter type is that the pressure reduction inside and outside film is little, filtration efficiency is low, and filtering membrane easily blocks, not easy cleaning, not easy care.
Ceramic membrane filter is mainly used in the fields such as liquid purification at present, but when being applied to this field, purpose ceramic-film filter and system thereof do not limit by all many condition such as space, power, operating modes, if but were applied on sweeper, the conditions such as the layout of whole system, power and damping must be rethought, belong to novelty application.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency and providing that the object of the invention is to improve prior art can be washed the road sweeping various bad working environments, the operational use time greatly extending sweeper, not easily blocked, the sweeper with ceramic membrane filter system that sewage water filtration efficiency is high, easy to maintenance.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter, comprise automobile chassis, blower fan, pumping air channel, suction tube, suction disc, brush plate, foul water tank, filtered water tank and waterworks, be characterized in the ceramic membrane filter system being provided with band purpose ceramic-film filter on automobile chassis, described ceramic membrane filter system is that foul water tank is connected with water pump by pipeline, water pump is connected with one or more purpose ceramic-film filter by pipeline, purpose ceramic-film filter is connected with foul water tank by pipeline, described purpose ceramic-film filter is that ceramic-film tube is arranged in seal casinghousing, seal casinghousing two ends are respectively as wastewater inlet, sewage outlet is connected with pipeline, seal casinghousing is provided with clear water output.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be provided with liquid level sensor in described foul water tank, liquid level sensor connection control be arranged on the valve on the connecting pipeline of foul water tank and water pump.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be described purpose ceramic-film filter being sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, comprising the fillter section of more than two sections and two sections, being fixed by coupling device between adjacent fillter section.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be described purpose ceramic-film filter being sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, comprising the fillter section of two or more, the fillter section of more than a section or a section, being connected and fixed by transition section between adjacent fillter section.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be between the ceramic-film tube in described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter and every section of fillter section two ends are also provided with seal shock-proof device.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described purpose ceramic-film filter is provided with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth be connected with water pump by pipeline, and described water pump is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described purpose ceramic-film filter is provided with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth be connected with gas-holder by pipeline.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that every section of fillter section of described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter is equipped with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth be connected with water pump by pipeline, and described water pump is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that every section of fillter section of described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter is equipped with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth be connected with gas-holder by pipeline.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described horizontal ceramic membrane sewage filter system also comprises strong cleaning case, strong cleaning case is connected with water pump by establishing valvular pipeline, the clear water output of filtration unit is connected with strong cleaning case, and strong cleaning case is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described horizontal ceramic membrane sewage filter system also comprises automatic vibration filtering net, automatic vibration filtering net is arranged on bottom foul water tank, automatic vibration filtering net is provided with vibration pump, the pipeline that foul water tank is connected with water pump is provided with tensimeter and pressure switch, when tensimeter detects negative pressure signal, pressure activated switch vibration pump, and drive automatic vibration filtering net to shake together.
Ceramic-film tube in purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention can horizontal, oblique or longitudinally be arranged, lateral arrangement refers to that the axis being parallel of ceramic-film tube is in sweeper chassis plane, oblique layout refers to that the axis of ceramic-film tube becomes certain angle of inclination with sweeper chassis plane, is arranged vertically and refers to that the axes normal of ceramic-film tube is in sweeper chassis plane.
Purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention can horizontal, oblique or longitudinally be arranged, lateral arrangement refers to that the axis being parallel of purpose ceramic-film filter is in sweeper chassis plane, oblique layout refers to that the axis of purpose ceramic-film filter becomes certain angle of inclination with sweeper chassis plane, is arranged vertically and refers to that the axes normal of purpose ceramic-film filter is in sweeper chassis plane.
Compared with the prior art the present invention has following distinguishing feature and positively effect: the present invention is arranged on the car body of the below of foul water tank, take full advantage of the intrinsic space of environmental sanitation sweeper, rational deployment, the single that the employing of single loop filtering system significantly improves sweeper is washed and is swept the activity duration, reduce sweeper backhaul to add water and the sewage effluent time, the sweeper reduced in fundamental operation area is purchased and use cost.The employing of purpose ceramic-film filter mainly utilizes the cross flow filter principle of ceramic membrane, vitrified pipe gathers pore, during filtration, diameter is less than the partial impurities in pore aperture and part clear water can pass through pore, remaining most of impurity is then flushed to outside purpose ceramic-film filter by high velocity flow, the impurity flowed through in ceramic membrane can be made to be attached to ceramic membrane surface, keep good filter effect for a long time, filtration efficiency is high, and maintenance cost is low.
In foul water tank, set up liquid level sensor and set up valve in ceramic membrane filter system; when the sewage in foul water tank can be made to reach liquid level sensor position; ceramic membrane filter system starts automatically; easy to operate;, add the level of automation of system, when sewage is lower than liquid level sensor; ceramic membrane filter system is closed automatically, can protect water pump and strainer.
Ceramic-film tube in purpose ceramic-film filter erects the precipitation and blocking of putting and can effectively prevent sewage when flowing through ceramic-film tube with tilting, and the lateral arrangement of ceramic-film tube can utilize the finite space of sweeper better.
The purpose ceramic-film filter of sectional type adopts between multiple segment filters section by the fixing composition one of coupling device, compared to the monoblock type purpose ceramic-film filter of same length, while meeting filtering requirement, replacement charge when ceramic-film tube whole breakage and blocking can be reduced, be convenient to dismounting and maintenance, reduce use cost.
The Seepage of sewage when the tightness system that between ceramic-film tube in purpose ceramic-film filter and the two ends of purpose ceramic-film filter fillter section are provided with can effectively prevent from filtering, sealing device is rubber, silica gel elastomeric material, have the effect of damping concurrently, reduce the breakage that ceramic membrane produces because of vibrations.
Purpose ceramic-film filter is horizontal, oblique or longitudinally arrange and can adjust according to the finite space of sweeper, effective working length of maximum raising purpose ceramic-film filter, longitudinally and oblique layout then effectively can prevent precipitation in strainer of rubbish in sewage and blocking.
The transverse uniaxial of sectional type ceramic membrane, laterally different axle, longitudinally coaxial, longitudinal different axle, oblique coaxial, oblique different axle all can adjust according to the finite space of sweeper, farthest improve effective working length of purpose ceramic-film filter.
Purpose ceramic-film filter shell adopts the corrosion resistant material such as stainless steel, macromolecular material and matrix material effectively can prevent purpose ceramic-film filter corrosion in use and oxidation, improves the work-ing life of purpose ceramic-film filter.
The back flushing mouth that purpose ceramic-film filter is arranged, is convenient to utilize pressurized air and current to carry out counterflush to purpose ceramic-film filter, more effectively can removes the impurity be blocked in ceramic-film tube internal surface pore.
The compressed air back-washing function that ceramic membrane filter system has can use high-pressure air to carry out back flushing by back flushing mouth to purpose ceramic-film filter, and flush efficiency is high, and saves the water yield needed for cleaning.
Ceramic membrane filter system can also have clear water backwashing function, and this function can use High-Pressure Water to carry out back flushing by back flushing mouth to purpose ceramic-film filter, and flush efficiency is high, and the cleaning time length is more permanent, and cleaning performance is good.
Ceramic membrane filter system can also have strong cleaning function, by adding strong acid solution and strong base solution in strong cleaning case, the organic impurity that ceramic membrane internal surface grows because of not using for a long time can be removed, organic impurity is generally liver moss and phycophyta, and conventional purging method is difficult to remove.
The present invention can also be provided with automatic vibration filtering net, the sewage be pumped in foul water tank due to suction disc comprises leaf, the bulky refuses such as plastics bag, if do not carry out coarse filtration, be easy to blocking ceramic membrane filter system, therefore automatic vibration filtering net can by the bulky refuse in sewage, medium-sized rubbish and small-sized rubbish classified filtering, thus avoid the blocking of purpose ceramic-film filter, when the rubbish that filtering net adheres to is more, water pump can because suction causes producing negative pressure in pipeline less than enough water, and when the pressure switch in pipeline detects the negative pressure signal of setting, feedback signal starting shock pump, rubbish on filtering net will be attached to shake off, make the filtration condition that filtering net remains good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of ceramic membrane filter system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the another kind of structural representation of ceramic membrane filter system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of strainer of the present invention serial connection.
Fig. 6 is strainer of the present invention and the structural representation connect.
Fig. 7 is another structural representation of ceramic membrane filter system of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural representation of sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the another kind of structural representation of sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention.
Figure 10 is another structural representation of sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention.
Figure 11 is purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention laterally different axle layout schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention longitudinally different axle layout schematic diagram.
Figure 13 is that the oblique different axle of purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention arranges schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is that purpose ceramic-film filter transverse uniaxial of the present invention arranges schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention longitudinally coaxially arranged schematic diagram.
Figure 16 is the oblique coaxially arranged schematic diagram of purpose ceramic-film filter of the present invention.
Figure 17 is that band back flushing of the present invention is made a slip of the tongue a kind of structural representation of ceramic membrane filter system of filter.
Figure 18 is that band back flushing of the present invention is made a slip of the tongue the another kind of structural representation of ceramic membrane filter system of filter.
Figure 19 is a kind of structural representation of the ceramic membrane filter system of the strong cleaning case of band of the present invention.
Figure 20 is a kind of structural representation of the ceramic membrane filter system of band automatic vibration filtering net of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
A kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter, as Fig. 1, the blower fan 16 be mounted on automobile chassis 38 is connected with pumping air channel 17, pumping air channel 17 inserts foul water tank 1, foul water tank 1 is connected with suction disc 20 by suction tube 21, brush plate 18 is arranged on suction disc 20 front on automobile chassis 38, filtered water tank 2 is connected with waterworks 19 by pipeline, the ceramic membrane filter system with purpose ceramic-film filter is provided with between foul water tank 1 and filtered water tank 2, with reference to Fig. 2, described ceramic membrane filter system is that foul water tank 1 is connected with water pump 4 by pipeline, water pump 4 is connected by the wastewater inlet of pipeline with one or more purpose ceramic-film filters 3, the sewage outlet of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is connected with foul water tank 1 by pipeline, the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is connected with filtered water tank 2 by pipeline, with reference to Fig. 3, purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is that ceramic-film tube 6 is arranged in seal casinghousing 7, ceramic-film tube 6 can as required laterally in seal casinghousing 7, oblique or longitudinal layout, seal casinghousing 7 two ends are respectively as wastewater inlet 10, sewage outlet 13 is connected with pipeline, seal casinghousing 7 is provided with clear water output 5, , the sewage water treatment method of ceramic-film tube 6 mainly adopts cross flow filter principle, because ceramic-film tube has pore, when sewage flows through from the endoporus of ceramic-film tube, the impurity that part clear water and a part of diameter are less than pore can pass through from pore, remaining sewage is then by the endoporus outflow filter of ceramic-film tube 6, in order to better control ceramic membrane filter system, valve can be set on pipeline, valve can be arranged as required, valve can be manual, surge, pneumatic or electronic, pipeline such as between foul water tank 1 and water pump 4 is arranged valve 9, with reference to Fig. 4, water conveniently in sewage effluent case 1 and filtered water tank 2, can also be provided with the water shoot of valve bottom foul water tank 1 and filtered water tank 2.
The present invention can be divided into non-job state and job state in motion, and when being in non-job state, brush plate 18, suction disc 20 are in lifting status, and blower fan 16 does not rotate, and waterworks 19 cuts out, and the present invention only has driving functions.When the present invention is in job state, brush plate 18, suction disc 20 falls, brush plate 18 rotates and is swept in the middle part of vehicle by rubbish, clear water in filtered water tank 2 is injected on road surface by waterworks 19, road pavement is cleaned, blower fan 16 rotates simultaneously, negative pressure is evacuated to by foul water tank 1, foul water tank 1 supplements air by suction tube 21, air-flow sweeps along the rubbish on road surface and sewage to enter foul water tank 1, and when the sewage in foul water tank 1 reach a certain height, ceramic membrane filter system starts, sewage in foul water tank 1 flows out, carry out circulating filtration, clear water after filtration flows out from the clear water output 5 of strainer 3, and arrive filtered water tank 2 through pipeline, and be reused for spraying-rinsing operation.During ceramic membrane filter system works, sewage flows out from foul water tank 1, water pump 4 is arrived through pipeline, water pump 4 pairs of sewage pressurize, and the sewage after pressurization arrives purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by pipeline, and filters, clear water after filtration flows out from the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3, and flowing into filtered water tank 2 by pipeline, sewage remaining after filtering then flows back to foul water tank 1 by pipeline, and this process is capable of circulation carries out.
When adopting two or more purpose ceramic-film filters 3, tandem can be adopted to connect, with reference to Fig. 5, the sewage outlet 13 by previous purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is connected by pipeline with the wastewater inlet 10 of a rear purpose ceramic-film filter 3; Or adopt and the mode connect, with reference to Fig. 6, the wastewater inlet 10 by all purpose ceramic-film filters 3 links together, sewage outlet 13 links together.
Liquid level sensor 8 is provided with in foul water tank 1, with reference to Fig. 7, foul water tank 1 and the connecting pipeline of water pump 4 are provided with valve 9, liquid level sensor 8 connection control valve 9, when the sewage in foul water tank 1 arrives liquid level sensor 8, liquid level sensor 8 by-pass valve control 9 is opened, water pump 4 delayed startup, sewage flows out from foul water tank 1, pipeline through being provided with valve 9 arrives water pump 4, water pump 4 pairs of sewage pressurize, sewage after pressurization arrives purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by pipeline, and filter, clear water after filtration flows out from the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3, and flow into filtered water tank 2 by pipeline, sewage remaining after filtering then flows back to foul water tank 1 by pipeline, this process is capable of circulation carries out, when the sewage in foul water tank 1 is lower than liquid level sensor 8, water pump 4 cuts out, valve 9 is closed.
Described purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter 3 comprises wastewater inlet 10, the fillter section 11 of two or more, sewage outlet 13, with reference to figure 8, one end and the pipeline of wastewater inlet 10 are connected and fixed, the other end and fillter section 11 are connected and fixed, one end and the pipeline of sewage outlet 13 are connected and fixed, the other end and fillter section 11 are connected and fixed, adjacent fillter section 11 is linked together by coupling device, every section of fillter section 11 is provided with clear water output 5, clear water output 5 is connected with water pipe, many ceramic-film tubes 6 are provided with in fillter section 11, ceramic-film tube 6 uses stationary installation and fillter section 11 to be connected and fixed.
Described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter 3 can also comprise wastewater inlet 10, the fillter section 11 of two or more, the transition section 12 of more than one section or one section, sewage outlet 13, as Fig. 9, one end and the pipeline of wastewater inlet 10 are connected and fixed, the other end and fillter section 11 are connected and fixed, one end and the pipeline of sewage outlet 13 are connected and fixed, the other end and fillter section 11 are connected and fixed, adjacent fillter section 11 is connected and fixed by transition section 12, every section of fillter section 11 is provided with clear water output 5, clear water output 5 is connected with water pipe, many ceramic-film tubes 6 are provided with in fillter section 11, ceramic-film tube 6 uses stationary installation and fillter section 11 to be connected and fixed.
Between the end face junction of the wastewater inlet 10 of described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter 3, fillter section 11, transition section 12, sewage outlet 13 and the two ends of ceramic-film tube 6, ceramic-film tube 6, seal shock-proof device 14 is also installed, with reference to Figure 10, sealing device is rubber, silica gel elastomeric material, there is damping effect simultaneously, the breakage that ceramic-film tube 6 occurs because of vibrations can be prevented.
Sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter 3 can horizontal, oblique, longitudinally be arranged, multiple sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter 3 lateral arrangement is that transverse uniaxial is arranged or laterally different axle is arranged, longitudinally be arranged as longitudinally coaxial or longitudinal different axle to arrange, obliquely be arranged as oblique coaxial or oblique different axle and arrange, Figure 11 be horizontal different axle, and Figure 12 is the different axle of longitudinal direction, Figure 13 is oblique different axle, Figure 14 is transverse uniaxial, and Figure 15 is longitudinally coaxial, and Figure 16 is coaxially oblique.
Described purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is provided with back flushing mouth, back flushing mouth is connected with gas-holder 23 by the pipeline being provided with valve 22, with reference to Figure 17, purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is also provided with backwashing sewage water discharge pipe, described pipeline is provided with valve 24, strainer 3 sewage outlet and foul water tank 1 connecting pipeline establish valve 26, strainer 3 clear water output 5 with filtered water tank 2 connecting pipeline establish valve 25, foul water tank 2 with the connecting pipeline of water pump 4 establish valve 9, when the clear water flow of the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is lower than set(ting)value, valve 9, valve 26 and valve 25 are closed, valve 22 and valve 24 are opened, pressurized air in gas-holder 23 arrives purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by the pipeline being provided with valve 22, and the clear water filtered out in described purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is squeezed in ceramic-film tube 6, thus the impurity be blocked in ceramic-film tube 6 pore is cleaned out, the pipeline of sewage after cleaning through being provided with valve 24 is discharged to sweeper outside.
Described purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is provided with back flushing mouth, back flushing mouth is connected with water pump 4 by the pipeline being provided with valve 22, filtered water tank 2 is connected by the pipeline being provided with valve 27 with water pump 4, with reference to Figure 18, purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is also provided with backwashing sewage water discharge pipe, described pipeline is provided with valve 24, strainer 3 sewage outlet and foul water tank 1 connecting pipeline establish valve 26, strainer 3 clear water output 5 with filtered water tank 2 connecting pipeline establish valve 25, foul water tank 2 with the connecting pipeline of water pump 4 establish valve 9, valve 28 established by water pump 4 with the wastewater inlet connecting pipeline of strainer 3, when described filtering system normally works, valve 22 and valve 27 are closed, valve 9, valve 25, valve 26 and valve 28 are opened, sewage flows out from foul water tank 1, water pump 4 is arrived through valve 9, sewage after water pump 4 pressurizes enters purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by valve 28, clear water after filtration flows out from clear water output 5, filtered water tank 2 is arrived through pipeline and valve 25, sewage remaining after filtering flow to foul water tank 1 by pipeline and valve 26, when the clear water flow of the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is lower than set(ting)value, valve 27 and valve 22 are opened, all the other valve closess, clear water flows out from filtered water tank 2, pipeline through being provided with valve 27 arrives water pump 4, then enters the back flushing mouth of purpose ceramic-film filter 3, and squeezes in ceramic-film tube 6 by the clear water filtered out in strainer 3, thus the impurity be blocked in ceramic-film tube 6 pore is cleaned out, the pipeline of the sewage after cleaning through being provided with valve 24 is discharged.
When adopting sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, the connection of the back flushing mouth on every section of fillter section 11 uses as hereinbefore, describes in detail no longer one by one here.
Described ceramic membrane filter system is also provided with strong cleaning case 30, with reference to Figure 19, strong cleaning case 30 is connected with water pump 4 by the pipeline being provided with valve 32, the clear water output 5 of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 is connected by the pipeline being provided with valve 33 with strong cleaning case 30, described strong cleaning case 30 is connected with filtered water tank 2 by the pipeline being provided with valve 31, the delivery pipe of band valve 29 is provided with bottom strong cleaning case 30, the scavenging solution of strong cleaning case 30 inside can be discharged, strainer 3 sewage outlet and foul water tank 1 connecting pipeline establish valve 26, strainer 3 clear water output 5 with filtered water tank 2 connecting pipeline establish valve 25, foul water tank 2 with the connecting pipeline of water pump 4 establish valve 9, valve 28 established by water pump 4 with the wastewater inlet connecting pipeline of strainer 3, when described ceramic membrane filter system is not cleaned by force, valve 31 is opened, the extension that strong cleaning case 30 can be used as filtered water tank 2 uses, during ceramic membrane filter system worked well, valve 33, valve 29 and valve 32 are closed, all the other valve openings, sewage flows out from foul water tank 1, water pump 4 is arrived through valve 9, sewage after water pump 4 pressurizes enters purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by valve 28, clear water after filtration flows out from clear water output 5, filtered water tank 2 is arrived through pipeline and valve 25, sewage remaining after filtering flow to foul water tank 1 by pipeline and valve 26, if purpose ceramic-film filter 3 does not use for a long time, ceramic-film tube 6 internal surface easily grows liver moss, the foreign organic matters such as algae, conventional cleaning way is used to be difficult to effective removal, now need to clean by force, strong base solution is injected in strong cleaning case 30, valve 32, valve 33, valve 28, valve 26 is opened, all the other valve closess, strong base solution flows out from strong cleaning case, water pump 4 is arrived through valve 32, then strong base solution arrives purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by pipeline and valve 33, then enter purpose ceramic-film filter 3 and carry out highly basic cleaning, strong base solution after filtration flows out from clear water output 5, strong cleaning case 30 is flowed back to through pipeline and valve 28, strong base solution remaining after filtering is discharged from the sewage outlet of purpose ceramic-film filter 3, foul water tank 1 is flowed back to through valve 26 and pipeline, highly basic scavenging period is 30 seconds, after highly basic has cleaned, valve 29 is opened, strong base solution remaining in strong cleaning case 30 is discharged, and hold with special container.Then clear water flushing is carried out, valve 27, valve 33, valve 25 and valve 26 are opened, all the other valve closess, clear water flows out from filtered water tank 2, water pump 4 is arrived through valve 27, clear water arrives the wastewater inlet of purpose ceramic-film filter 3 by pipeline, then enter purpose ceramic-film filter 3 and carry out clean water, clear water after filtration flows out from clear water output 5, filtered water tank 2 is flowed back to through pipeline and valve 25, sewage remaining after filtering is discharged from sewage outlet and is flowed back to foul water tank 1 through valve 26, and this process carries out 10 minutes.Then carry out strong acid cleaning, in strong cleaning case 30, inject strong acid solution, cleaning process is consistent with highly basic cleaning process, and scavenging period is 30 seconds, uses clean water again 10 minutes, complete strong cleaning process after strong acid has cleaned.
As Figure 20, ceramic membrane filter system is also provided with automatic vibration filtering net 35, described automatic vibration filtering net 35 is arranged on bottom foul water tank 1, described automatic vibration filtering net 35 can also be provided with vibration pump 34, the pipeline that foul water tank 1 is connected with water pump 4 can also be provided with tensimeter 36 and pressure switch 37, when described ceramic membrane filter system worked well, sewage flows out from foul water tank 1, through automatic vibration filtering net 35 coarse filtration, can by leaf, the rubbish filtering that refuse bag equal-volume is larger falls, sewage after coarse filtration arrives water pump 4, sewage after water pump 4 pressurizes enters strainer 3, clear water after filtration flows out from clear water output 5, filtered water tank 2 is arrived through pipeline, sewage remaining after filtering flow to foul water tank 1 by pipeline.When automatic vibration filtering net 35 surface is covered by rubbish, negative pressure is there is in connecting pipeline between foul water tank 1 and water pump 4, when the negative pressure in described pipeline acquires a certain degree, pressure switch 37 detects pressure signal, and feedback signal, starting shock pump 34, described automatic vibration filtering net 35 can be one deck, two-layer, also can be bed filtration net, mesh aperture that is two-layer and bed filtration net can be different.
More than show and describe ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification sheets just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (11)

1. the sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter, comprise automobile chassis, blower fan, pumping air channel, suction tube, suction disc, brush plate, foul water tank, filtered water tank and waterworks, it is characterized in that the ceramic membrane filter system being provided with band purpose ceramic-film filter on automobile chassis, described ceramic membrane filter system is that foul water tank is connected with water pump by pipeline, water pump is connected with one or more purpose ceramic-film filter by pipeline, purpose ceramic-film filter is connected with foul water tank by pipeline, described purpose ceramic-film filter is that ceramic-film tube is arranged in seal casinghousing, seal casinghousing two ends are respectively as wastewater inlet, sewage outlet is connected with pipeline, seal casinghousing is provided with clear water output.
2. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with liquid level sensor in described foul water tank, liquid level sensor connection control is arranged on the valve on the connecting pipeline of foul water tank and water pump.
3. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described purpose ceramic-film filter is sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, comprise the fillter section of more than two sections and two sections, fixed by coupling device between adjacent fillter section.
4. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described purpose ceramic-film filter is sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter, comprise the fillter section of two or more, the fillter section of more than a section or a section, be connected and fixed by transition section between adjacent fillter section.
5. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 4, is characterized in that between the ceramic-film tube in described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter and every section of fillter section two ends are also provided with seal shock-proof device.
6. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described purpose ceramic-film filter is provided with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth is connected with water pump by pipeline, and described water pump is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
7. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, is characterized in that described purpose ceramic-film filter is provided with back flushing mouth, and described back flushing mouth is connected with gas-holder by pipeline.
8. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that every section of fillter section of described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter is equipped with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth is connected with water pump by pipeline, and described water pump is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
9. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that every section of fillter section of described sectional type purpose ceramic-film filter is equipped with back flushing mouth, described back flushing mouth is connected with gas-holder by pipeline.
10. a kind of sweeper with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described horizontal ceramic membrane sewage filter system also comprises strong cleaning case, strong cleaning case is connected with water pump by establishing valvular pipeline, the clear water output of filtration unit is connected with strong cleaning case, and strong cleaning case is connected with filtered water tank by establishing valvular pipeline.
11. a kind of sweepers with purpose ceramic-film filter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described horizontal ceramic membrane sewage filter system also comprises automatic vibration filtering net, automatic vibration filtering net is arranged on bottom foul water tank, automatic vibration filtering net is provided with vibration pump, the pipeline that foul water tank is connected with water pump is provided with tensimeter and pressure switch, when tensimeter detects negative pressure signal, pressure activated switch vibration pump, and drive automatic vibration filtering net to shake together.
CN201610019954.6A 2016-01-13 2016-01-13 Sweeping car with ceramic film filter Pending CN105439248A (en)

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