CN203610051U - Sewage recycle and reuse device for road cleaning and sweeping machine - Google Patents

Sewage recycle and reuse device for road cleaning and sweeping machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203610051U
CN203610051U CN201320741885.1U CN201320741885U CN203610051U CN 203610051 U CN203610051 U CN 203610051U CN 201320741885 U CN201320741885 U CN 201320741885U CN 203610051 U CN203610051 U CN 203610051U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sewage
blowback
road cleaning
regeneration device
pipeline
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320741885.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧阳联格
黄红武
周水庭
葛晓宏
谭璀璨
叶玮嵘
林育从
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Xiamen University of Technology
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Xiamen University of Technology
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Priority to CN201320741885.1U priority Critical patent/CN203610051U/en
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Publication of CN203610051U publication Critical patent/CN203610051U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sewage recycle and reuse device for a road cleaning and sweeping machine. The sewage recycle and reuse device includes a filter, a sewage tank, a sewage pump, a clean water tank and an air compressor, wherein the filter uses a sintering micro-filtration membrane tube as a filtering medium. According to the utility model, as the tubular macromolecule sintering micro-filtration membrane is used as the filtering medium, the sewage recycle and reuse device has the characteristics of big tensile strength, low density, high porosity and uniform holes, high concentration sewage can be treated without the need of pre-filtration, and the filtering medium is strong in adaptability.

Description

A kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of road cleaning sweeper
Technical field
The utility model relates to the technical field of the dirty water decontamination handles, particularly a kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of road cleaning sweeper.
Background technology
Road cleaning sweeper is that the water that utilizes high-pressure plunger type water pump to produce elevated pressures cleans ground by high pressure nozzle, then the clean machinery in a kind of road surface again sewage being reclaimed, the road cleaning machinery that its cleaning efficiency is high, cleaning effect is good, this product is introduced to the market from just starting, just be subject to each urban sanitation user's welcome, annual sales volume is with more than 30% speed increase always.
But road cleaning sweeper operating cost is high, particularly add that water activity duration is short, water consumption large, sewage yield is large etc., and shortcoming has a strong impact on further promoting the use of of road cleaning sweeper, is confined at present the cleaning operation of the major urban arterial highway high to clean-up performance requirement.
A kind of method that reclaims effluent cycle regeneration is being found always by road cleaning sweeper manufacturing enterprise, extend to reach the interval time that adds water, the time of adding water that reduces to give an encore, improve vehicle utilization rate, reduce the object of user's operating cost, to expand the scope of application of road cleaning sweeper.
Granted publication number is that the Chinese patent of CN 201704664 discloses " sewage recycling road sweeper ", it adopts centrifugal separation to realize the Separation of Solid and Liquid that reclaims sewage, but the filtering accuracy of centrifugal separation is difficult to reach below 10 microns, although substantially can meet the water inlet required precision of cleaning sweeper high-pressure plunger type water pump, but due to after centrifugation to go out water chaotic degree very high, when muddy water is ejected into ground, cause secondary pollution, made cleaning effect extremely undesirable.
Application publication number is that the Chinese patent of CN 102311159 A discloses " filter assemblies, filter and vehicle ", it adopts filtering accuracy is 0.01-0.03 micron ultrafiltration diaphragm filtered and recycled sewage, although water quality is limpid, but there is following fatal scarce limit: 1) milipore filter natural-dehydration is dry will cause the avalanche of fenestra, thereby have a strong impact on permeability and the mechanical strength of film, therefore this milipore filter must immerse in protection liquid and seals preservation when off working state, thereby has increased greatly the maintenance work amount of off working state; 2) because the recovery settlement of sewage time is short, therefore concentration of wastewater is large, and turbidity is high, in order to prevent that milipore filter surface from producing filter cake, adopts the method for aeration to prevent that sewage particulate is at film surface deposition, and therefore air consumption is large, and air pump live load is large; 3) milipore filter requires highly to water inlet, and Wastewater particle particle diameter is less than 50 microns, therefore before ultrafiltration, also needs to increase by one pre-filtering; 4) in the time that concentration of wastewater is excessive, water yield sharply reduces, and therefore has a strong impact on the activity duration of road cleaning sweeper.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device and method that can process high-concentration sewage and the reusable road cleaning sweeper of filter medium strong adaptability without pre-filtering.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution of the present utility model is:
A recovery effluent cycle regeneration device for road cleaning sweeper, comprises cleaner, foul water tank, sewage pump, filtered water tank and air compressor; Chimney filter connecting plate is installed in the housing of this cleaner, on this chimney filter connecting plate, is installed with some sintering microfiltration membranes pipes, and this chimney filter connecting plate is separated into sewage intake antrum and water outlet and blowback by housing inner chamber and washes two, chamber chamber; The chamber wall of described sewage intake antrum is provided with raw water inlet and sewage draining exit; The chamber wall that chamber is washed in described water outlet and blowback is provided with the Graceful mouth of a river and air inlet is washed in blowback; Each opening part is provided with corresponding valve; This raw water inlet and sewage draining exit are communicated with foul water tank by pipeline respectively; This Graceful mouth of a river is communicated with filtered water tank by pipeline; This blowback is washed air inlet and is communicated with air compressor by pipeline.
Described blowback is washed air inlet and is further communicated with filtered water tank by pipeline, and backwash water pump and backwash valve are set on pipeline between the two.
Between the outlet conduit of described sewage pump and inlet pipeline, be provided with the shunt conduit with by-pass valve.
Between described sewage draining exit and foul water tank, be provided with gravitational settling case.
Described blowback is washed between air inlet and air compressor and is provided with compressed air cylinder.
Described sintering microfiltration membranes pipe is for to form with the Powdered sintering of plastics of super high molecular weight.
Described sintering microfiltration membranes pipe is PE/PA sintered membrane.
Described cleaner is provided with two or more, and each cleaner shares a set of other equipment.
All valves are opened or are closed by cylinder or the hydraulic oil cylinder driving of solenoid control.
Adopt after such scheme, the filter medium adopting due to the utility model is tubular type sinterable polymer microfiltration membranes, it is large that it has tensile strength, density is low, high and the uniform feature of porosity, therefore the utlity model has following characteristics: 1) circulation of unit filter area is large, take space, compartment little, lightweight; 2) filtering accuracy is high, and effluent quality is limpid, and water turbidity degree is less than 1NTU, can reach the water inlet requirement that meets high-pressure plunger type water pump completely, and can not produce secondary pollution to operation road surface; 3) do not need pre-filtering, only need of short duration simple precipitation to filter, thereby make equipment simple, simplify procedures; 4) because tubular type sinterable polymer microfiltration membranes mainly relies on bridge formation filter type, can process the sewage of high concentration, just, along with the difference of concentration, the blowback time interval changes to some extent; 5) filter medium can be reused, and it is simple, easy that regeneration is washed in blowback, and after regeneration, filtering traffic decay is little; 6) adaptability that contains different solid particulate matter turbid solutions is eager to excel, can resistance to strong acid, highly basic, severe corrosive and general oxidizing substance, just powerful oxidation corrosion resistance not; 7) because filter medium tensile strength is up to 4Mpa, even if occur that once in a while maloperation also can not cause macrolesion to filter medium, affects service life; 6) whole processing procedure all can realize automation control by electronic control cylinder or oil cylinder, simple to operate, reliable, realizes driver " foolproof " key operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
What the utility model disclosed is a kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of road cleaning sweeper, as shown in Figure 1, is preferred embodiment of the present utility model.Described device comprises cleaner 1, foul water tank 8, sewage pump 3, filtered water tank 4 and air compressor 5, can further include compressed air cylinder 6, backwash water pump 7 or gravitational settling case 9.Wherein:
Described cleaner 1 is the filter take sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 as filter medium, this sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 is for to form with the Powdered sintering of plastics of super high molecular weight, it can be generally PE/PA sintered membrane, its filtering accuracy is generally 0.3~1 micron, its outer/inner footpath of film pipe is 38/20mm or 31/20mm, and length can customize arbitrarily according to bulk.
This cleaner 1 comprises housing, and this housing can be made up of the cylindrical shell 11 and the cover plate 12 that mutually cover together, and chimney filter connecting plate 13 is installed in this housing, is installed with some described sintering microfiltration membranes pipes 14 on this chimney filter connecting plate 13.This chimney filter connecting plate 13 is separated into sewage intake antrum 15 and water outlet and blowback by the inner space of described housing and washes 16 two, chamber chamber, and described sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 is positioned at sewage intake antrum 15.The chamber wall of described sewage intake antrum 15 is provided with raw water inlet 151, sewage draining exit 152 and blow vent 153.The chamber wall that chamber 16 is washed in described water outlet and blowback is provided with the Graceful mouth of a river 161 and air inlet 162 is washed in blowback.
Described raw water inlet 151 by pipeline communication, arranges sewage pump 3 and inlet valve A with foul water tank 8 on the pipeline between foul water tank 8 and raw water inlet 151; Preferably, between the outlet conduit of this sewage pump 3 and inlet pipeline, can also be provided with the shunt conduit with by-pass valve G.
Described sewage draining exit 152 is also communicated with foul water tank 8 by pipeline, and pipeline is between the two provided with sewage draining valve B; Preferably, between this sewage draining exit 152 and foul water tank 8, be also provided with gravitational settling case 9, this gravitational settling case 9 can make the grains of sand of greater particle size in sewage separate by the precipitation of short time, thereby removes the larger grains of sand of particle diameter in foul water tank 8, reduces the wearing and tearing of sewage pump.
The described Graceful mouth of a river 161 is communicated with filtered water tank 4 by pipeline, and pipeline is between the two provided with Graceful penstock C.
Described blowback is washed air inlet 162 and is communicated with air compressor 5 by pipeline, is provided with blowback valve D on pipeline between the two; Preferably, this blowback is washed between air inlet 162 and air compressor 5 and is also provided with compressed air cylinder 6.The setting of this compressed air cylinder 6 is the pressure in order to increase air, to can reduce the power of air compressor, reduces energy consumption.
Described blowback is washed air inlet 162 and can also be further communicated with filtered water tank 4 by pipeline, and backwash water pump 7 and backwash valve F are set on pipeline between the two.The object of this structure setting is washed for realizing air water associating blowback, to reach better anti-cleaning performance.
Described blow vent 153 is provided with a passage valve E, and this blow vent 153 can further connect described foul water tank 8 or gravitational settling case 9 by pipeline.The setting of this blow vent 153 is in order to facilitate cleaner 1 to pass into air when the blowdown, to prevent from forming negative pressure in tank, blowdown is had some setbacks, therefore these blow vent 153 inessential settings.
The course of work of this device is: the sewage in described foul water tank 8 enters sewage intake antrum 15 by sewage pump 3, filters by sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14, and filtering water enters filtered water tank 4 by Graceful penstock C pipe, completes the process that sewage is filtered; Blocked up while needing blowback to wash when the filter cake that sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 outer surfaces form, first pump into clear water by backwash water pump 7 and enter water outlet and blowback by backwash valve F and wash that chamber 16 is interior carries out backwash to sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14; After finishing, backwash closes backwash valve F, open blowback valve D, compressed air in compressed air cylinder 6 enters clear water by blowback valve D and chamber 16 is washed in blowback, because sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 has clear water in it after backwash, therefore the clear water that promotes sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 inner chambers is produced instantaneous sharply expansion by compressed air, the instantaneous increase of micropore size of film pipe, the filter cake of sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 outer surfaces is come off, solid particle in film tube wall also together blows out, and washes regeneration thereby make film be in control blowback.
Wash the time in order to control blowback, be provided with sewage intake antrum Pressure gauge a and water outlet and blowback and wash cavity pressure table b, monitor with the pressure that sewage intake antrum 15 and water outlet and blowback are washed in chamber 16.
In order to make blowback air-flow more even, make blowback better effects if, can wash and in chamber 16, be provided with at least one air distribution plate in water outlet and blowback, this air distribution plate and described chimney filter connecting plate 13 intervals arrange (the present embodiment is provided with two air distribution plates 17,18), and on this air distribution plate 17,18, have some qi-emitting holes, each qi-emitting hole is corresponding one by one with the each sintering microfiltration membranes pipe 14 on chimney filter connecting plate 13.Because the each qi-emitting hole on this air distribution plate is just to a sintering microfiltration membranes pipe, thereby can play guiding function to counter purging gas stream, solve blowback and washed inhomogeneous, blowback and wash halfway phenomenon, blowback is washed and is no longer had dead angle.In addition, can also wash air inlet 162 places in described blowback a gas distribution pipe 19 is installed, this gas distribution pipe 19 extend into described water outlet and blowback washes the inside in chamber 16, and this gas distribution pipe 19 stretches in water outlet and blowback and wash the radially tube wall of 16 inside, chamber and have some radial holes, and axial inner ends portion is plugging structure.This gas distribution pipe 19 make to enter water outlet and blowback wash air-flow in chamber 16 from longitudinally change into surrounding laterally, thereby can make air-flow further evenly announce, blowback is washed more even.
Further, described cleaner can arrange two or more, and is total to a set of sewage pump, backwash water pump and compressed air cylinder.Embodiment as shown in Figure 1, is just provided with two cleaners, and, in cleaner 1 and cleaner 2(figure, each valve of cleaner 2 and the relative cleaner 1 of manometric corresponding label are adding 2 thereafter).In the time that a cleaner blowback is washed, other cleaner can normally be worked like this, and controller can be controlled respectively the timing of each cleaner and intersect blowback and wash.When the advantage of this set, be the volume that can reduce compressed air cylinder, also reduced the power consumption of air compressor simultaneously; And can reach without shut down just can carry out the effect that blowback is washed, can increase work efficiency.
In addition, above-mentioned all valves all can be opened or be closed by the cylinder of solenoid control or hydraulic oil cylinder driving, and further, magnetic valve can be realized automatically and being controlled by suitable control program by controller, and operator can realize operating in a key.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not technical scope of the present utility model is imposed any restrictions, thus variation or the modification in every case done according to claim of the present utility model and description, within all should belonging to the scope that the utility model patent contains.

Claims (9)

1. a recovery effluent cycle regeneration device for road cleaning sweeper, is characterized in that: comprise cleaner, foul water tank, sewage pump, filtered water tank and air compressor; Chimney filter connecting plate is installed in the housing of this cleaner, on this chimney filter connecting plate, is installed with some sintering microfiltration membranes pipes, and this chimney filter connecting plate is separated into sewage intake antrum and water outlet and blowback by housing inner chamber and washes two, chamber chamber; The chamber wall of described sewage intake antrum is provided with raw water inlet and sewage draining exit; The chamber wall that chamber is washed in described water outlet and blowback is provided with the Graceful mouth of a river and air inlet is washed in blowback; Each opening part is provided with corresponding valve; This raw water inlet and sewage draining exit are communicated with foul water tank by pipeline respectively; This Graceful mouth of a river is communicated with filtered water tank by pipeline; This blowback is washed air inlet and is communicated with air compressor by pipeline.
2. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described blowback is washed air inlet and is further communicated with filtered water tank by pipeline, backwash water pump and backwash valve are set on pipeline between the two.
3. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between the outlet conduit of described sewage pump and inlet pipeline, be provided with the shunt conduit with by-pass valve.
4. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between described sewage draining exit and foul water tank, be provided with gravitational settling case.
5. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described blowback is washed between air inlet and air compressor and is provided with compressed air cylinder.
6. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sintering microfiltration membranes pipe is for to form with the Powdered sintering of plastics of super high molecular weight.
7. the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sintering microfiltration membranes pipe is PE/PA sintered membrane.
8. according to the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper one of claim 1-7 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that: described cleaner is provided with two or more, and each cleaner shares a set of other equipment.
9. according to the recovery effluent cycle regeneration device of a kind of road cleaning sweeper one of claim 1-7 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that: all valves are opened or closed by cylinder or the hydraulic oil cylinder driving of solenoid control.
CN201320741885.1U 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 Sewage recycle and reuse device for road cleaning and sweeping machine Expired - Fee Related CN203610051U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103566764B (en) * 2013-11-22 2016-01-13 厦门理工学院 A kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device and method of road cleaning sweeper
CN105417633A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage treatment system with integral ceramic membrane filters
CN105417764A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Ceramic membrane sewage filter system with automatically-vibrating filter screens
CN105417634A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage treatment system with segmental ceramic membrane filters
CN105417632A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Single-cycle filtering system for washing and sweeping vehicle
CN105435638A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-30 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sweeping car with single-cycle filtering system
CN105439248A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-30 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sweeping car with ceramic film filter
CN105461019A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-06 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage filtering system with transverse ceramic membrane filters
CN105481059A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-13 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage filter system provided with longitudinal ceramic membrane filter
CN105502581A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-20 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Ceramic membrane sewage filter system with shock absorption and sealing devices

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103566764B (en) * 2013-11-22 2016-01-13 厦门理工学院 A kind of recovery effluent cycle regeneration device and method of road cleaning sweeper
CN105417633A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage treatment system with integral ceramic membrane filters
CN105417764A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Ceramic membrane sewage filter system with automatically-vibrating filter screens
CN105417634A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage treatment system with segmental ceramic membrane filters
CN105417632A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Single-cycle filtering system for washing and sweeping vehicle
CN105435638A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-30 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sweeping car with single-cycle filtering system
CN105439248A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-30 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sweeping car with ceramic film filter
CN105461019A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-06 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage filtering system with transverse ceramic membrane filters
CN105481059A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-13 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Sewage filter system provided with longitudinal ceramic membrane filter
CN105502581A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-04-20 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 Ceramic membrane sewage filter system with shock absorption and sealing devices
CN105435638B (en) * 2016-01-13 2018-04-24 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of sweeper with single cycle filtration system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140528

Termination date: 20161122

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee