CN105433722B - Clothes hanger - Google Patents

Clothes hanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105433722B
CN105433722B CN201510290523.9A CN201510290523A CN105433722B CN 105433722 B CN105433722 B CN 105433722B CN 201510290523 A CN201510290523 A CN 201510290523A CN 105433722 B CN105433722 B CN 105433722B
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electrode
bus bar
positive
negative
layer
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CN105433722A (en
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冯欣悦
冯冠平
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Shenzhen Zhaojian Technology Co ltd
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Grahope New Materials Technologies Inc
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Abstract

The invention relates to a clothes hanger. A laundry stand comprising a heating element, the heating element comprising: a heating film including a first insulating layer; the conducting layer is formed on the surface of the first insulating layer; the electrode layer is formed on the surface of the conducting layer and is electrically connected with the conducting layer, the electrode layer comprises a positive electrode and a negative electrode, the positive electrode comprises a positive bus bar and a plurality of positive inner electrodes extending from the positive bus bar, the negative electrode comprises a negative bus bar and a plurality of negative inner electrodes extending from the negative bus bar, and the positive inner electrodes and the negative inner electrodes are alternately arranged and spaced from each other; and a second insulating layer formed on the surface of the electrode layer; a housing in which the heating film is housed; and a connection line electrically connected to the electrode layer of the heating film. The clothes hanger has a heating function and can be powered by low voltage.

Description

Clothes hanger
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of clothes hanger.
Background technology
Clothes hanger is clothes drying branch stake tool most important and the most frequently used during people live.But in rainy weather, especially It is, in plum rain season, to need to expend long time come airing clothes by the natural evaporation of moisture.Asked to solve this Topic, drying horse meets the tendency of.Existing drying horse is heated by resistive heater, fast so as to reach The purpose of fast heating, drying.
However, using metal electric heating silk as exothermic material, it is necessary to supply voltage it is higher, on the one hand once the high electricity that leaks electricity Pressure can cause to get an electric shock, and security performance is bad, and on the other hand, higher voltage has higher for the power supply or power supply mode of power supply It is required that.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to provide a kind of clothes hanger with heating function that can be powered using low voltage.
A kind of clothes hanger, including heating member, the heating member include:
Heating film, including:
First insulating barrier;
Conductive layer, is formed at the surface of first insulating barrier;
Electrode layer, is formed at the surface of the conductive layer and is electrically connected with the conductive layer, and the electrode layer includes positive electricity Pole and negative electrode, the positive electrode include positive bus bar and the electricity from multiple positive poles that the positive bus bar is extended Pole, the negative electrode includes negative bus bar and from electrode in multiple negative poles that the negative bus bar is extended, it is described just Extremely interior electrode is arranged alternately and spaced with electrode in the negative pole;And
Second insulating barrier, is formed at the surface of the electrode layer;
Shell, the heating film is contained in the shell;And
Connecting line, is electrically connected with the electrode layer of the heating film.
In wherein one embodiment, the positive bus bar and the negative bus bar are linear and parallel set Put, in multiple positive poles electrode from the positive bus bar close to the negative bus bar a lateral negative bus bar Electrode confluxes from a lateral positive pole of the negative bus bar close to the positive bus bar in extension, multiple negative poles Bar extends.
In wherein one embodiment, the positive bus bar and the negative bus bar are arc and interval setting, Electrode in the inner side extension of electrode lateral negative bus bar from the positive bus bar, the negative pole in the positive pole The inner side extension of the lateral positive bus bar from the negative bus bar.
In wherein one embodiment, the heating film also include being arranged at first insulating barrier and the conductive layer it Between auxiliary electrode layer, the auxiliary electrode layer electrically connects with the conductive layer, and the auxiliary electrode layer includes auxiliary positive electrode And auxiliary negative electrode, the auxiliary positive electrode includes auxiliary positive busbar and extends from the auxiliary positive busbar Electrode in multiple auxiliary positives, the auxiliary negative electrode includes auxiliary negative busbar and extended from the auxiliary negative busbar And electrode is arranged alternately and mutually in electrode and the auxiliary negative in electrode in the multiple auxiliary negatives gone out, the auxiliary positive Interval.
In wherein one embodiment, electrode in electrode and the auxiliary negative in the auxiliary positive of the auxiliary electrode layer The conductive layer projection and electrode in electrode in the positive pole of the electrode layer and the negative pole the conductive layer projection Mutually stagger.
In wherein one embodiment, the heating film also includes the first glue-line and the second glue-line, and first glue-line is set It is placed between first insulating barrier and the conductive layer, second glue-line is arranged at the electrode layer and second insulation Between layer.
In wherein one embodiment, the positive electrode has multiple, multiple positive electrode series connection;
And/or, the negative electrode has multiple, multiple negative electrode series connection.
In wherein one embodiment, the heating member also includes controller and wireless communicator, the controller and institute Electrode layer electrical connection is stated, the wireless communicator can receive control instruction, and send the control instruction to the controller, The controller controls the heating of the heating film according to the control instruction.
Another clothes hanger, including heating member, the heating member include:
Heating film, including:
First insulating barrier;
First electrode layer, is formed at the surface of first insulating barrier, and the first electrode layer includes positive electrode, it is described just Electrode includes positive bus bar and from electrode in multiple positive poles that the positive bus bar is extended,
Conductive layer, is formed at the surface of the first electrode layer, and the conductive layer is electrically connected with the first electrode layer;
The second electrode lay, is formed at the surface of the conductive layer and is electrically connected with the conductive layer, the second electrode lay Including negative electrode, the negative electrode includes negative bus bar and the electricity from multiple negative poles that the negative bus bar is extended Electrode is arranged alternately and spaced with electrode in the negative pole in the projection of the conductive layer in pole, the positive pole;And
Second insulating barrier, is formed at the surface of the second electrode lay;
Shell, the heating film is contained in the shell;And
Connecting line, is electrically connected with the first electrode layer and the second electrode lay of the heating film.
Above-mentioned clothes hanger, because the positive electrode of the electrode layer of heating film includes electrode in multiple positive poles, negative electrode includes many Electrode is arranged alternately with electrode in negative pole in electrode in individual negative pole, positive pole, reduces the spacing between adjacent interior electrode, so that So that the resistance of the conductive layer between electrode in electrode in positive pole and negative pole is smaller, so as to be supplied using relatively low voltage Electricity, even if using common lithium battery power supply, you can reach the purpose heated rapidly, so as to be supplied using relatively low voltage Electricity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the clothes hanger of an embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the heating film and the diagrammatic cross-section of shell in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 be Fig. 2 in heating member heating film structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the electrode layer of heating film in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the electrode layer of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the electrode layer of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the electrode layer of the heating film of the clothes hanger of another embodiment;
Figure 11 is the heating film Temperature Distribution photo for the embodiment 1 that thermal infrared imager is shot;
Figure 12 is the heating film Temperature Distribution photo for the embodiment 2 that thermal infrared imager is shot.
Embodiment
To enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious understandable, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Embodiment be described in detail.Many details are elaborated in the following description to fully understand this hair It is bright.But the invention can be embodied in many other ways as described herein, those skilled in the art can be not Similar improvement is done in the case of running counter to intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed below.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the clothes hanger 1 of an embodiment, including heating member and hook 90.
Heating member includes heating film 110, shell 130, connecting line (figure is not regarded), electric supply installation 150, power switch 170, control Temperature switch 180.
Shell 130 is sheathed on heating film 110, and heating film 110 is contained in shell 130.Electric supply installation 150, power switch 170 and temperature control switch 180 electrically connected by connecting line with heating film 110.Specifically in the illustrated embodiment, shell 130 is Tubular, heating film 110 is strip, and heating film 110 is inserted among shell 130.Certainly, in other implementations, Thinner tubular can be wound into be inserted in shell 130.
In the illustrated embodiment, shell 130 be bent to form triangle support frame be used for support garments, hook 90 with Shell 130 is fixedly connected.Certainly in other embodiments, heating member can also be single element, by the shell of heating member 130 are fixed on the clothes supporting of clothes hanger.Other clothes hanger is also not necessarily limited to the form for diagram, or " Π " shape is dried in the air Clothes hanger, hangs the clothes hanger for supportting clothes thereon when using, now clothes hanger 1 does not contain hook 90.Certainly, add to increase Multiple through holes can also be opened up on thermal effect, shell 130 to increase the flowing of heat.
Referring to Fig. 3, in the illustrated embodiment, the first insulating barrier 112 that heating film 110 includes stacking gradually, lead Electric layer 114, the insulating barrier 118 of electrode layer 116 and second.
First insulating barrier 112 is substrate.The material of first insulating barrier 112 is glass or polymer.It is preferred that, polymer For PET, PVC, PE, PMMA, PVDF, PANI or PC.It is preferred that, the thickness of the first insulating barrier 112 is 10 μm~125 μm.
Conductive layer 114 is formed at a side surface of the first insulating barrier 112.Conductive layer 114 is formed by conductive material.It is preferred that , the material of conductive layer 114 is silver, copper, aluminium, graphene, CNT, ITO, FTO or AZO.It is further preferred that conductive layer 114 material is single-layer graphene or multi-layer graphene.When the material of conductive layer is graphene, conductive layer 114 can also contain There is dopant, dopant is organic blended dose or inorganic doping agent.It is preferred that, the thickness of conductive layer is 10nm~100nm.
Electrode layer 116 is formed at the surface of conductive layer 114, and is electrically connected with conductive layer 114.
Referring to Fig. 4, in the illustrated embodiment, electrode layer 116 includes positive electrode 1162 and negative electrode 1164.Electrode The thickness of layer 116 is 10nm~35 μm.
Positive electrode 1162 includes positive bus bar 1162a and from multiple positive poles that positive bus bar 1162a extends Electrode 1162b.
In the illustrated embodiment, positive bus bar 1162a substantially strips, including main body (figure is not marked), connecting portion (figure is not marked) and the extension being connected with connecting portion (figure is not marked).Main body, connecting portion and extension are to be straight line strip.Connection The one end in portion is vertical with one end of main body to be connected, and the other end of connecting portion is vertical with one end of extension to be connected, and main body is with prolonging Extending portion is located at the both sides of connecting portion respectively.
Electrode 1162b has multiple in positive pole, and the side of the equal autonomous agents of electrode 1162b is extended in multiple positive poles.In figure In the embodiment shown, electrode 1162b is linear pattern and is each perpendicular to positive bus bar 1162a main body in positive pole.In positive pole Electrode 1162b and positive bus bar 1162a connecting portion is in the homonymy of positive bus bar 1162a main body.Electrode in positive pole 1162b width is 0.5mm~4mm.Width of the positive bus bar 1162a width much larger than electrode 1162b in positive pole.Positive pole Busbar 1162a width is 6mm~10mm.
Negative electrode 1164 includes negative bus bar 1164a and from multiple negative poles that negative bus bar 1164a extends Electrode 1164b.
In the illustrated embodiment, negative bus bar 1164a substantially strips, including main body (figure is not marked), connecting portion (figure is not marked) and the extension being connected with connecting portion (figure is not marked).Main body, connecting portion and extension are to be straight line strip.Connection The one end in portion is vertical with one end of main body to be connected, and the other end of connecting portion is vertical with one end of extension to be connected, and main body is with prolonging Extending portion is located at the both sides of connecting portion respectively.Negative bus bar 1164a main body and positive bus bar 1162a main body are parallel to each other And interval setting, in positive pole electrode 1162b be located at negative bus bar 1164a main body and positive bus bar 1162a main body it Between, and in positive pole the one end of electrode 1162b away from positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1164a main body separately.It is negative Pole busbar 1164a connecting portion is from one end of negative bus bar 1164a main body to the connection close to positive bus bar 1162a The direction extension in portion, and negative bus bar 1164a connecting portion and positive bus bar 1162a connecting portion are substantially concordant.
Electrode 1164b has multiple in negative pole, and main bodys of the electrode 1164b from negative bus bar 1164a is close to just in negative pole The side of pole busbar 1162a main body is extended, and is extended towards positive bus bar 1162a main body, and electrode in negative pole 1164b end and positive bus bar 1162a main body are separately.In the illustrated embodiment, electrode 1164b is in negative pole The main body of linear pattern and vertical negative bus bar 1164a.Electrode 1164b and electrode 1162b in positive pole is arranged alternately in negative pole And it is spaced, i.e. adjacent with electrode 1162b in positive pole is in negative pole electrode 1164b phases in electrode 1164b, with negative pole Adjacent is electrode 1162b in positive pole.Adjacent interior electrode is from different busbars.It is preferred that, in electrode layer 116, positive pole Interior electrode 1162b is uniformly distributed with electrode 1164b in negative pole, i.e., electrode 1164b in electrode 1162b and negative pole in adjacent positive pole Between spacing it is identical, be 2mm~8mm.Electrode 1164b and negative bus bar 1164a connecting portion converges in negative pole in negative pole Flow the homonymy of bar 1164a main body.Electrode 1164b width is 0.5mm~4mm in negative pole.Negative bus bar 1164a width Much larger than the width of electrode 1164b in negative pole.Negative bus bar 1164a width is 6mm~10mm.
The material of electrode layer 116 is silver, copper, aluminium, platinum, graphene, CNT, ITO, FTO or AZO.Certainly, electrode layer 116 can also be formed by silver paste or copper slurry coating solidify afterwards, and now electrode layer 116 inevitably contains other materials in slurry Material.It is preferred that, electrode layer 116 is integrally formed with conductive layer 114.It is preferred that, when the material of conductive layer 114 is graphene, electricity The material of pole layer 116 is also graphene, and electrode layer 116 is integrally formed with conductive layer 114.By setting electrode layer 116, by electricity Pole layer 116 is applied on the conductive layer 114 that is made for single-layer graphene of material, and heating film 110 can be caused in≤12V voltage Lower work, if the material of conductive layer 114 is multi-layer graphene, can further reduce operating voltage.
Further, the positive bus bar 1162a of electrode layer 116, in positive pole electrode 1162b, negative bus bar 1164a and Electrode 1164b can be same material in negative pole, or not same material.
Second insulating barrier 118 is formed at the surface of electrode layer 116.The material of second insulating barrier 118 is glass or polymerization Thing.It is preferred that, polymer is PET, PVC, PE, PMMA, PVDF, PANI or PC.It is preferred that, the thickness of the second insulating barrier 118 is 10 μm~125 μm.
Please refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, electric supply installation 150 is electrically connected by connecting line with the electrode layer 116 of heating film 110. Electric supply installation 150 is used to be powered heating film 110, specifically in the present embodiment, and electric supply installation 150 is packaged type electricity Source, such as lithium battery.Certainly in other embodiments, electric supply installation 150 can also be converter, be by 220V voltage conversions Low-voltage is exported.
Further, it is additionally provided with charging inlet 152 to be charged on electric supply installation 150.
Power switch 170 is electrically connected with electric supply installation 150 and electrode layer 116 simultaneously, for controlling 150 pairs of electricity of electric supply installation Whether is the power supply of pole layer 116.
Temperature control switch 180 is electrically connected with electric supply installation 150 and electrode layer 116, for controlling electric supply installation 150 to electrode layer The voltage levels of 116 outputs, so as to control the heating temp of conductive layer 114.
Further, in the illustrated embodiment, clothes hanger 1 also includes control piece 190, and electric supply installation 150, power supply are opened Pass 170 and temperature control switch 180 are integrated in control piece 190.Control piece 190 is fixedly arranged between shell 130 and hook 90, is now connected Wiring is located at the inside of shell 130, externally invisible.
It should be noted that control piece 190 can also be fixed on other positions of shell 130.
It is preferred that, in order to obtain good temperature homogeneity at lower voltages, for the special construction of electrode layer 116, The temperature difference, initial temperature, supply voltage, spacing and conduction in adjacent positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole between electrode 1164b The square resistance of layer 114 meets equation below:
T=kU2/d2R+t (1)
In formula (1):
T --- initial temperature, unit for DEG C;
T --- the final temperature difference of heating film, unit for DEG C;
U --- supply voltage, unit is V, U≤12V;
D --- the spacing in adjacent positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole between electrode 1164b, unit is cm, adjacent Spacing in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole between electrode 1164b according to it is conductive it is laminated on distance computation;
R --- conductive layer square resistance, unit is Ω/;
K --- constant, span is 10-200, and k spans are according to the coefficient of conductivity meeting between heating film and air There is difference, the coefficient of conductivity between heating film and air is inversely proportional.
Further, in order to ensure the uniformity of the heating-up temperature of clothes hanger 1, positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b width and thickness need to consider the current carrying capacity and resistivity of material therefor, and resistivity is sufficiently small, to reduce just Voltage drop on pole busbar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b, it is ensured that electrode 1164b in electrode 1162b and negative pole in positive pole Diverse location ceiling voltage and the minimum voltage difference for being arranged on positive bus bar 1162a or negative bus bar 1162b are no more than 10%, and to determine that positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b sectional areas have to be larger than a certain for current carrying capacity Numerical value just can guarantee that positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b are not burned out, and there is equation below (2):
n(n+1)lρl/ WHR < 1/5 (2)
Wherein:
N --- the space-number that electrode 1164b is produced in electrode 1162b and negative pole in positive pole;
ρ1--- positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b resistivity of material, unit are Ω m;
L --- in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole electrode 1164b length, unit is m;
W --- positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b width, unit is m;
H --- positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b thickness, unit is m;
The square resistance of R --- conductive layer 114, unit is Ω/.
In above-mentioned formula, it is assumed that positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b materials are identical, and width and thickness are equal Identical, electrode 1162b is identical with the length of electrode 1164b in negative pole in positive pole.
Equally, interior electrode also needs to ensure current carrying capacity and considers that maximum voltage difference is no more than on same interior electrode 10%.There is equation below (3):
nl2ρ2/ whLR < 1/5 (3)
Wherein:
N --- the space-number that electrode 1164b is produced in electrode 1162b and negative pole in positive pole;
L --- in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole electrode 1164b length, unit is m;
ρ2--- in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole electrode 1164b material resistivity, unit is Ω m;
W --- in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole electrode 1164b width, unit is m;
H --- in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole electrode 1164b thickness, unit is m;
L --- positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b length, unit m;
The square resistance of R --- conductive layer 114, unit is Ω/.
In above-mentioned formula, it is assumed that positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1162b sizes are identical, electrode in positive pole Electrode 1164b material, length, width and thickness all same in 1162b and negative pole.
Above-mentioned clothes hanger, by using the electrode layer of special construction, by setting in positive pole electrode, drop in electrode and negative pole Spacing between low adjacent interior electrode, so that the electricity of the conductive layer between electrode in electrode in positive pole and negative pole Resistance is smaller, so as to use relatively low power voltage supply, even if using common lithium battery power supply, you can reach what is heated rapidly Purpose;When conductive layer 114 material be single-layer graphene when, using not higher than 1.5V power voltage supply can obtain with it is traditional Heating film identical heating effect;By the positive bus bar 1162a and negative bus bar 1164a that change electrode layer area, Spacing in positive pole in electrode 1162b and negative pole between electrode 1164b, so as to realize different heating powers, meets not Same heating-up temperature demand.
The clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, and its difference is:Heating member also includes control Device and wireless communicator processed, controller are electrically connected with electrode layer 116.Wireless communicator can receive control instruction, and control is referred to Order sends controller to, and controller controls the heating of heating film 110 according to control instruction.Control instruction is sent by control end.Control End processed includes at least one of remote control, mobile phone, panel computer, desktop computer and notebook computer.Control end is provided with infrared Transceiver module, WIFI module or ZIGBEE modules, control end pass through infrared transceiver module, WIFI module or ZIGBEE modules and control Device processed is communicated.Further, heating member is additionally provided with the temperature sensor being electrically connected with the controller, so that controller can be with The heating-up temperature of heating film is adjusted according to the temperature information that the temperature sensor received is collected.Further, also may be used To install corresponding APP on mobile phone with facilitate control heating film heating whether and heating-up temperature.
Referring to Fig. 5, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is:In figure In the embodiment shown, the heating film 210 of clothes hanger includes the first insulating barrier 212, the first glue-line 213, conduction stacked gradually Layer 214, electrode layer 216, the second glue-line 217 and the second insulating barrier 218.The insulating barrier 212 of conductive layer 214 and first passes through the first glue Layer 213 is bonded, and the second insulating barrier 218 is bonded with electrode layer 216 by the second insulating barrier 218.It is preferred that, the first glue-line 213 Material is ultraviolet cured adhesive, PUR or silica gel, and the material of the second glue-line 217 is ultraviolet cured adhesive, PUR or silica gel.
In above-mentioned clothes hanger, heating film 210 is prepared by following steps:
Step S310, offer prefabricated board, prefabricated board include the basic unit for preparing electrode layer and are formed at substrate surface Conductive layer 214.
It is preferred that, basic unit is metal foil.Metal foil is Copper Foil, nickel foil or other metal foils, is not limited herein.
In the step, the prefabricated board provided, conductive layer (such as graphene) is directly grown in basic unit.
Step S320, the conductive layer 214 that the first insulating barrier 212 is bonded to by the first glue-line 213 prefabricated board.
Step S330, on the surface of basic unit mask is prepared, and basic unit is etched, electrode is obtained after removing mask Layer.
In the step, the design of the pattern of mask electrode layer as needed.During etching process, mask will be made Prefabricated board be placed in etching solution, etching remove not by the basic unit of mask protection.
It is preferred that, the material containing the electric conductivity that can improve conductive layer 214 in etching solution.
Step S340, the surface that the second insulating barrier 218 is bonded to by the second glue-line 217 electrode layer 216.
It is preferred that, the second glue-line 217 and the second insulating barrier 218 offer the positive electrode and negative electricity corresponding to electrode layer 216 The through hole of pole is to make lead.
The preparation method of above-mentioned heating film 210 is relatively simple, saves time and materials cost, meanwhile, using metal foil system Standby electrode layer, good conductivity is conducive to heating the control of the uniformity of film temperature.
It is preferred that, the thickness of the first glue-line 213 and the second glue-line 217 is 25~75 μm.
Referring to Fig. 6, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is:In figure In the embodiment shown, the heating film 410 of clothes hanger includes the first insulating barrier 412, conductive layer 414, electrode layer stacked gradually 416th, the second glue-line 417 and the second insulating barrier 418.Second insulating barrier 418 is bonded with electrode layer 416 by the second insulating barrier 418. It is preferred that, the material of the second glue-line 417 is ultraviolet cured adhesive, PUR or silica gel.
In above-mentioned clothes hanger, heating film 410 is prepared by following steps:
Step S510, in the surface printing of conductive layer 144 or evaporation for being formed at the surface of the first insulating barrier 412 prepare electrode layer 416。
Step S520, the surface that the second insulating barrier 418 is bonded to by the second glue-line 417 electrode layer 416.
It is preferred that, the second glue-line 417 and the second insulating barrier 418 offer the positive electrode and negative electricity corresponding to electrode layer 416 The through hole of pole is to make lead.
The preparation method of above-mentioned heating film 410 is relatively simple.
Referring to Fig. 7, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is:In figure In the embodiment shown, the first insulating barrier 512 that the heating film 510 of clothes hanger includes stacking gradually, auxiliary electrode layer 513, lead Electric layer 514, the insulating barrier 518 of electrode layer 516 and second.Auxiliary electrode layer 513 is electrically connected with conductive layer 514.Auxiliary electrode layer 513 Structure it is identical with the structure of electrode layer 516.Auxiliary electrode layer 513 includes auxiliary positive electrode (figure is not regarded) and auxiliary negative electrode (figure is not regarded).Auxiliary positive electrode includes auxiliary positive busbar and the multiple auxiliary positives extended from auxiliary positive busbar Interior electrode.Aiding in negative electrode includes auxiliary negative busbar and from multiple auxiliary negatives that auxiliary negative busbar extends Electrode.Electrode is arranged alternately and spaced with electrode in auxiliary negative in auxiliary positive.It is further preferred that auxiliary electrode layer In 513 auxiliary positive in electrode and auxiliary negative electrode in the projection of conductive layer 514 and the positive pole of electrode layer 516 electrode and Electrode mutually staggers in the projection of conductive layer in the negative pole.
Referring to Fig. 8, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is:In figure In the embodiment shown, electrode layer 616 includes positive electrode 6162, the first negative electrode 6164 and the second negative electrode 6166.First is negative Electrode 6164 is connected with the second negative electrode 6166.Positive electrode 6162 includes positive bus bar 6162a and from positive bus bar 6162a Electrode 6162b in the multiple positive poles extended.Electrode 6162b has multiple in positive pole, and electrode 6162b is from just in multiple positive poles Extend pole busbar 6162a side.In the illustrated embodiment, electrode 6162b is linear pattern and hung down in positive pole Straight positive bus bar 6162a.
First negative electrode 6164 includes the first negative bus bar 6164a and extended from the first negative bus bar 6164a Multiple first negative poles in electrode 6164b.Second negative electrode includes the second negative bus bar 6166a and from the second negative bus bar Electrode 6166b in multiple second negative poles that 6166a extends.First negative bus bar 6164a and the second negative bus bar 6166a is linear pattern, and the first negative bus bar 6164a and the second negative bus bar 6166a are flat with positive bus bar 6162a Row is set, and the first negative bus bar 6164a is located on the same line and spaced with the second negative bus bar 6166a, and The one end of first negative bus bar 6164a away from the second negative bus bar 6166a and positive bus bar 6162a one end are substantially put down Together, the one end of the second negative bus bar 6166a away from the first negative bus bar 6164a and the positive bus bar 6162a other end It is substantially concordant.
The one end of electrode 6162b away from positive bus bar 6162a is close to the first negative bus bar 6164a or second in positive pole Negative bus bar 6166a, and with the first negative bus bar 6164a or the second negative bus bar 6166a separately.In first negative pole From the first negative bus bar 6164a, the electrode 6162a in a lateral positive pole of electrode 6162a in positive pole extends electrode 6164b And with electrode 6162a in positive pole separately, and in the first negative pole electrode 6164b with corresponding to the first negative bus bar 6164a Electrode 6162b is arranged alternately in positive pole.In second negative pole electrode 6166b from the second negative bus bar 6166a in positive pole it is electric In a pole 6162a lateral positive pole electrode 6162a extensions and with electrode 6162a in positive pole separately, and electrode in the second negative pole 6166b corresponding to electrode 6162b in the second negative bus bar 6166a positive pole with being arranged alternately.
It should be noted that the first negative electrode 6164 is not limited to connect with the second negative electrode 6166, can also parallel connection set Put.Positive electrode is alternatively multiple, multiple positive electrode serial or parallel connections.Negative electrode is not limited to two, or one or big In 2.
Referring to Fig. 9, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is:In figure In the embodiment shown, the positive bus bar 7162a and negative bus bar 7164a of electrode layer 716 are linear.Negative pole confluxes Bar 7162a and the bearing of trend of positive bus bar 7164a interval settings and negative bus bar 7164a along positive bus bar 7162a Extension.Electrode 7162b bends electrode in extension, positive pole from positive bus bar 7162a to negative bus bar 7164a in positive pole 7162b end close to negative bus bar 7164a and with negative bus bar 7164a separately.Electrode 7164b is from negative pole in negative pole Busbar 7164a is bent to positive bus bar 7162a to be extended, and electrode 7164b end is close to positive bus bar 7162a in negative pole And with positive bus bar separately.
Referring to Fig. 10, the clothes hanger of another embodiment is roughly the same with the structure of clothes hanger 1, its difference is: In embodiment illustrated, positive bus bar 8162a and negative bus bar 8164a are arc and interval setting, and positive pole confluxes Bar 8162a and negative bus bar 8164a enclose and are set as annular.Electrode 8162a is lateral from positive bus bar 8162a in positive pole Electrode 8162b end is converged close to negative bus bar 8164a and with negative pole in negative bus bar 8162b inner side extension, positive pole Flow bar 8164a separately.Electrode 8164b lateral positive bus bar 8162a from negative bus bar 8164a inner side in negative pole Extension, in negative pole electrode 8164b end close to positive bus bar 8162a and with positive bus bar separately.In the reality of diagram Apply in mode, electrode 8164b is linear pattern in electrode 8162b and negative pole in positive pole.
It should be noted that positive bus bar and negative bus bar are not limited to the shape that above-mentioned several embodiments are enumerated, Can also be other shapes;Electrode is also not necessarily limited to the shape enumerated for above-mentioned several embodiments in electrode and negative pole in positive pole, Can be other shapes, such as shaped form or waveform, as long as so that electrode is arranged alternately with electrode in negative pole in positive pole, reducing Spacing in positive pole in electrode and negative pole between electrode.
It is appreciated that positive electrode and negative electrode can also respectively be set in the both sides of conductive layer, positive electrode and negative electrode exist The projection of conductive layer is identical with the structure of conductive layer in above-described embodiment.
Further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
Please refer to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, single-layer graphene is as the conductive layer of heating film, and electrode layer is using silver paste printing.
1st, a layer graphene, graphene are shifted on the PET (the first insulating barrier) of area 150mm × 125 μm of 150mm thickness Overdoping, sheet resistance is 250 Ω/;
2nd, ag paste electrode pattern, pattern form such as Fig. 4 institutes are printed on the graphene shifted using screen printing apparatus Show, electrode spacing is electrode long 108mm, wide 1mm in electrode and negative pole in 6mm, positive pole in electrode and negative pole in positive pole, totally 15 Bar, positive bus bar and the wide 8mm of negative bus bar, 25 μm of silver paste thickness;
3rd, the electrode printed is placed in baking oven and toasted, solidify silver paste, baking temperature is 130 DEG C, and the time is 40min。
Initial temperature is room temperature (22 DEG C), in such cases, and lead is respectively connected the positive electrode of electrode layer and negative electrode The both positive and negative polarity of 5V power supplys is connect, after tested, stable state is can reach within 60 seconds, now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 77.5 DEG C of left sides Right (room temperature is 22 DEG C).
The use of the average heating power of heating film during 3.7V power voltage supplies is 1500w/m2Left and right.
Preferably, further follow the steps below:
4th, OCA glue and the PET of the same area of area 150mm × 50 μm of 150mm thickness are fit together;
5th, square opening is opened in the PET/OCA posted using laser cutting device, hole size is 5mm × 5mm, the position of perforate Put after ensureing that the PET/OCA fits with electrode layer case, bus bar termination exposes 5mm × 5mm electrode;
6th, to PET/OCA fits with electrode layer behind good position;
7th, the electrode exposed in aperture goes out to make lead;
In such cases, it is 2.7 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 5V power supplys respectively, after tested, Stable state is can reach within 60 seconds, Figure 11 show the heating film Temperature Distribution photo shot using thermal infrared imager, now adds The mean temperature of hotting mask is up to 66 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C).
Test result is shown, the use of the average heating power of heating film during 3.7V power voltage supplies is 1300w/m2Left and right, and The use of traditional heating film average heating power without interior electrode is 5w/m when voltage is 3.7V2Left and right, reach new with us The heating film identical heating effect of design need to be improved to 60V or so using voltage, and this is considerably beyond human-body safety electricity Pressure.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment is printed using conductive layer of two layer graphenes as heating film, electrode layer using silver paste.
1st, two layer graphenes are shifted on the PET (the first insulating barrier) of area 120mm × 125 μm of 120mm thickness as leading Electric layer, graphene overdoping, sheet resistance is 120 Ω/;
2nd, ag paste electrode layer, pattern form such as Figure 10 institutes are printed on the conductive layer shifted using screen printing apparatus Show, busbar outside diameter 96mm, interior electrode spacing is 6mm, wide 1mm, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of silver paste thickness;
3rd, the electrode pattern printed is placed in baking oven and toasted, solidify silver paste, baking temperature is 130 DEG C, and the time is 40min。
In such cases, lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 5V power supplys respectively, after tested, 60S is that can reach stable state, this When heating film mean temperature up to 137.7 DEG C or so (initial temperatures be 22 DEG C of room temperature).
Test result shows, the electrode design scheme invented using us, using during 3.7V power voltage supplies heating film it is flat Equal heating power is 3168w/m2Left and right.
Preferably, further follow the steps below:
4th, OCA glue and the PET of the same area of area 120mm × 50 μm of 120mm thickness are fit together;
5th, square opening is opened in the PET/OCA posted using laser cutting device, hole size is 5mm × 5mm, the position of perforate Put after ensureing that the PET/OCA fits with electrode layer, bus bar termination exposes 5mm × 5mm electrode;
6th, to PET/OCA fits with electrode layer behind good position;
7th, the electrode exposed in aperture goes out to make lead;
In such cases, it is 2 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 5V power supplys respectively, after tested, 40S clocks are that can reach stable state, and Figure 12 show the heating film Temperature Distribution photo shot using thermal infrared imager, are now added The mean temperature of hotting mask is up to 90.9 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C).
Test result is shown, the use of the average heating power of heating film during 3.7V power voltage supplies is 1300w/m2Left and right, and The use of traditional heating film average heating power without interior electrode is 5w/m when voltage is 3.7V2Left and right, reach new with us The heating film identical heating effect of design need to be improved to 60V or so using voltage, and this is considerably beyond human-body safety electricity Pressure.
Embodiment 3:
Referring to Fig. 8, conductive layer of the single-layer graphene as heating film, preparation technology is as follows:
1st, the Copper Foil and size that graphene (through overdoping, sheet resistance is 250 Ω/ to graphene) will have been grown be 150mm × 300mm thickness is combined for 125 μm of PET by UV stickers, and Copper Foil size is 140mm × 280mm, and thickness is 25 μm;
2nd, by UV adhesive curings, wavelength is 365nm, and energy is 1000mJ/cm2
3rd, print peelable glue mask, pattern form on the Copper Foil posted using screen printing apparatus as shown in figure 8, this When, it is divided into two equivalent to heating film, forms the effect of the two pieces of heating film cascades in left and right, actual utilization voltage halves, interior Electrode spacing is 3mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm, totally 32, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of copper thickness;
4th, the electrode pattern printed is placed in baking oven and toasted, make peelable adhesive curing, baking temperature is 135 DEG C, time For 40min;
5th, the sample after toasting is placed in 30% FeCl3Etched in etching liquid, etching washes drying after terminating, and takes electrode off The peelable glue on surface.
In such cases, it is 1.7 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 3.7V lithium ion batteries respectively (heating film relative to half is 1.85V), after tested, (room temperature is 22 to the temperature of heating film up to 46 DEG C or so after 30S is stable ℃)。
Test result is shown, using the electrode design scheme of the present invention, (two electrodes are applied to using 3.7V voltages Voltage is 1.85V) power supply when heating film average heating power be 1521w/m2Left and right.
Preferably, further follow the steps below:
6th, OCA glue and the PET of the same area of area 150mm × 50 μm of 300mm thickness are fit together;
7th, square opening is opened in the PET/OCA posted using laser cutting device, hole size is 5mm × 5mm, the position of perforate Put after ensureing that the PET/OCA fits with electrode layer, bus bar termination exposes 5mm × 5mm electrode;
8th, to PET/OCA fits with electrode pattern behind good position;
9th, the electrode exposed in aperture goes out to make lead;
It is 2.5 Ω to measure heating film resistance, lead is connected respectively 3.7V (actual using voltage equivalent to 1.85V) lithium from The both positive and negative polarity of sub- battery, after tested, the temperature of heating film is up to 45 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T after 70S is stable =kU2/d2R+t (K=151).
Embodiment 4:
The present embodiment is used as electrode, design reference picture 4, system using conductive layer of the ito thin film as heating film, silver paste Standby technique is as follows:
1st, the use of screen printing apparatus is that size is 150mm × 150mm in sheet resistance, sheet resistance is (square for 150 Ω ito thin film Hinder for 400 Ω/) on print ag paste electrode pattern, pattern form as shown in figure 4, interior electrode spacing be 6mm, long 108mm, it is wide 1mm, totally 15, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of silver paste thickness;
2nd, the electrode pattern printed is placed in baking oven and toasted, solidify silver paste, baking temperature is 130 DEG C, and the time is 40min。
3rd, OCA glue and the PET of the same area of area 150mm × 50 μm of 150mm thickness are fit together;
4th, square opening is opened in the PET/OCA posted using laser cutting device, hole size is 5mm × 5mm, the position of perforate Put after ensureing that the PET/OCA fits with electrode layer, bus bar termination exposes 5mm × 5mm electrode;
5th, to PET/OCA fits with electrode pattern behind good position;
6th, the electrode exposed in aperture goes out to make lead;
In such cases, it is 5 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 12V power supplys respectively, after tested, 55S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 92 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T= kU2/d2R+t (K=70).
Embodiment 5:
The present embodiment transparency conducting layer uses single-layer graphene (250 Ω/), and electrode layer uses 10 layer graphenes, prepares Method is roughly the same with embodiment 1, and difference is:By the way of transfer graphene is continued on graphene film, transfer To 11th layer, stop transfer, 10 layer graphenes above are then etched into the electrode layer of patterning, or use direct growth Multi-layer graphene, then the electrode layer of patterning is made, the pattern of the present embodiment electrode layer is as shown in figure 4, interior electrode spacing is 3mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm, totally 15, the wide 8mm of busbar, electrode (10 layer graphene) thickness 35nm.
In such cases, it is 2 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 1.5V power supplys respectively, after tested, 85S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 34 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T= kU2/d2R+t (K=120).
Embodiment 6:
The present embodiment is using 4 layer graphenes (62.5 Ω/) as conductive layer, and the material of electrode layer is ITO, preparation method Roughly the same with embodiment 1, difference is:Using when ITO is printed on conductive layer, electrode patterning design referring to Figure 10, interior electrode spacing is 4mm, wide 1mm, totally 16, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of silver paste thickness.
In such cases, it is 1.6 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 7.5V power supplys respectively, through surveying Examination, 100S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film meets public affairs up to 103 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C) Formula T=kU2/d2R+t (K=90).
Embodiment 7:
Embodiment 7 is roughly the same with embodiment 3, and difference is:The structure of electrode layer is as shown in figure 4, interior electrode spacing is 3mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm, totally 115, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of copper platinum thickness.
In such cases, it is 1.7 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 12V power supplys respectively, through surveying Examination, 100S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film meets public affairs up to 226 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C) Formula T=kU2/d2R+t (K=32).
Embodiment 8:
Embodiment 8 is roughly the same with embodiment 1, and difference is:Electrode layer is made up of Copper Foil, electrode layer structure such as Figure 10 institutes Show, interior electrode spacing is 2mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm, totally 16, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of copper thickness.With single-layer graphene It is 250 Ω/ as the sheet resistance of the conductive layer of material.
In such cases, it is 2 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 3.7V power supplys respectively, after tested, 30S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 143.8 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T =kU2/d2R+t (K=89).
Embodiment 9:
The present embodiment uses the two sides that positive electrode and negative electrode are separately positioned in conductive layer, and positive electrode and negative electrode are being led The projection of electric layer is as shown in figure 4, the material of conductive layer uses single-layer graphene (sheet resistance is 250 Ω/), and electrode uses 5-10 layers Graphene or thickness be 10-30 μm of Copper Foil, wherein, positive and negative adjacent inner electrodes spacing is 4mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm, altogether 15, the wide 8mm of busbar.
In such cases, it is 2.1 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 7.5V power supplys respectively, through surveying Examination, 30S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 210 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T=kU2/d2R+t (K=134).
Embodiment 10:
Embodiment 10 is roughly the same with embodiment 3, and difference is:The structure of electrode layer is as shown in figure 8, conductive layer uses 6 Layer graphene (sheet resistance is 41.6 Ω/), electrode layer is made up of Copper Foil.Interior electrode spacing is 3mm, wide 1mm, totally 9, busbar Wide 8mm, 25 μm of copper thickness.
In such cases, it is 1.9 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 1.5V power supplys respectively, through surveying Examination, 30S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film meets public affairs up to 86.3 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C) Formula T=kU2/d2R+t (K=107).
Embodiment 11:
Embodiment 11 is roughly the same with embodiment 1, and difference is:Interior electrode and busbar use different materials, metal Platinum is used as the material of the material of busbar and 10 layers of graphene as interior electrode.Single-layer graphene as transparency conducting layer material Material (sheet resistance is 250 Ω/).The structure of electrode layer as shown in figure 4, electrode spacing is 5mm, long 108mm, wide 1mm in graphene, Totally 32, the wide 8mm of busbar, 25 μm of thickness.
In such cases, it is 1.9 Ω to measure heating film resistance, and lead is connected to the both positive and negative polarity of 12V power supplys respectively, through surveying Examination, 30S is that can reach stable state, and now the mean temperature of heating film is up to 243 DEG C or so (room temperature is 22 DEG C), coincidence formula T=kU2/d2R+t (K=96).
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, to make description succinct, not to above-mentioned reality Apply all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, the scope of this specification record is all considered to be.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and it describes more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Can not therefore it be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for one of ordinary skill in the art Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection of the present invention Scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of clothes hanger, it is characterised in that including heating member, the heating member includes:
Heating film, including:
First insulating barrier;
Conductive layer, is formed at the surface of first insulating barrier;
Electrode layer, is formed at the surface of the conductive layer and is electrically connected with the conductive layer, the electrode layer include positive electrode and Negative electrode, the positive electrode includes positive bus bar and from electrode, institute in multiple positive poles that the positive bus bar is extended State negative electrode including negative bus bar and from multiple negative poles that the negative bus bar is extended in electrode, the positive pole it is electric Pole is arranged alternately and spaced with electrode in the negative pole;And
Second insulating barrier, is formed at the surface of the electrode layer;
Shell, the heating film is contained in the shell;
Connecting line, is electrically connected with the electrode layer of the heating film;And
Electric supply installation, the electric supply installation is electrically connected by the connecting line with the electrode layer of the heating film;
Below equation is met between the conductive layer, electrode layer and electric supply installation:
T=kU2/d2R+t, wherein, t is the initial temperature of the heating film, and T is the final temperature difference of the heating film, and U is described The supply voltage of electric supply installation, U≤12V, d is the spacing of electrode and electrode in negative pole in adjacent positive, and R is the conductive layer Square resistance, k is the constant being derived between 10~200.
2. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the positive bus bar and the negative bus bar are Linear and be arranged in parallel, in multiple positive poles electrode from the positive bus bar close to the one lateral of the negative bus bar In negative bus bar extension, multiple negative poles electrode from the negative bus bar close to the side of the positive bus bar Extend to the positive bus bar.
3. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the positive bus bar is with the negative bus bar Linear, the negative bus bar and the positive bus bar interval setting and the negative bus bar are along the positive bus bar Bearing of trend extension, electrode bend extension from the positive bus bar to the negative bus bar in the positive pole, described to bear Extremely interior electrode bends extension from the negative bus bar to the positive bus bar.
4. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the positive bus bar and the negative bus bar are Electrode prolongs from the positive bus bar on the inside of the lateral negative bus bar in arc and interval setting, the positive pole Stretch, the inner side extension of electrode lateral positive bus bar from the negative bus bar in the negative pole.
5. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the heating film also includes being arranged at first insulation Auxiliary electrode layer between layer and the conductive layer, the auxiliary electrode layer is electrically connected with the conductive layer, the auxiliary electrode Layer includes auxiliary positive electrode and auxiliary negative electrode, and the auxiliary positive electrode includes auxiliary positive busbar and from the auxiliary positive Electrode in multiple auxiliary positives that busbar extends, the auxiliary negative electrode includes auxiliary negative busbar and from described auxiliary Help electrode and electricity in the auxiliary negative in electrode in multiple auxiliary negatives that negative bus bar extends, the auxiliary positive Pole is arranged alternately and spaced.
6. clothes hanger according to claim 5, it is characterised in that electrode and institute in the auxiliary positive of the auxiliary electrode layer State in positive pole of the projection of electrode in auxiliary negative in the conductive layer with the electrode layer that electrode exists in electrode and the negative pole The projection of the conductive layer is mutually staggered.
7. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the heating film also includes the first glue-line and the second glue Layer, first glue-line is arranged between first insulating barrier and the conductive layer, and second glue-line is arranged at the electricity Between pole layer and second insulating barrier.
8. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the positive electrode has multiple, multiple positive electrode strings Connection;
And/or, the negative electrode has multiple, multiple negative electrode series connection.
9. clothes hanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the heating member also includes controller and radio communication Device, the controller is electrically connected with the electrode layer, and the wireless communicator can receive control instruction, and by the control instruction Send the controller to, the controller controls the heating of the heating film according to the control instruction.
10. a kind of clothes hanger, it is characterised in that including heating member, the heating member includes:
Heating film, including:
First insulating barrier;
First electrode layer, is formed at the surface of first insulating barrier, and the first electrode layer includes positive electrode, the positive electrode Including positive bus bar and from electrode in multiple positive poles that the positive bus bar is extended,
Conductive layer, is formed at the surface of the first electrode layer, and the conductive layer is electrically connected with the first electrode layer;
The second electrode lay, is formed at the surface of the conductive layer and is electrically connected with the conductive layer, the second electrode lay includes Negative electrode, the negative electrode includes negative bus bar and from electrode, institute in multiple negative poles that the negative bus bar is extended Electrode in positive pole is stated to be arranged alternately and spaced in the projection of the conductive layer with electrode in the negative pole;And
Second insulating barrier, is formed at the surface of the second electrode lay;
Shell, the heating film is contained in the shell;
Connecting line, is electrically connected with the first electrode layer and the second electrode lay of the heating film;And
Electric supply installation, the electric supply installation passes through the connecting line and first electrode layer and the second electrode lay electricity of the heating film Connection;
Below equation is met between the conductive layer, first electrode layer, the second electrode lay and electric supply installation:
T=kU2/d2R+t, wherein, t is the initial temperature of the heating film, and T is the final temperature difference of the heating film, and U is described The supply voltage of electric supply installation, U≤12V, d is electrode and projection of the electrode on the conductive layer in negative pole in adjacent positive Spacing, R is the square resistance of the conductive layer, and k is the constant being derived between 10~200.
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CN105465874B (en) * 2015-05-29 2018-11-20 烯旺新材料科技股份有限公司 Heating sheet
CN105466005B (en) * 2015-05-29 2018-11-20 烯旺新材料科技股份有限公司 Foot bathing basin
US20190208580A1 (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-04 The Endeavour Group, Inc. Systems and Methods for Heating
CN108552907A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-09-21 毛建明 Interior circulating-heating helps evaporation clothes hanger

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JP3354105B2 (en) * 1998-10-16 2002-12-09 シャープ株式会社 Planar heating element
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JP4867439B2 (en) * 2006-04-07 2012-02-01 パナソニック株式会社 Planar heating element
JP2008041298A (en) * 2006-08-02 2008-02-21 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Flexible ptc heating body
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CN102926180A (en) * 2011-08-10 2013-02-13 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Clothes hanger
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