CN105420835A - Manufacturing method of antibacterial and far infrared health polyester fibers - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of antibacterial and far infrared health polyester fibers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105420835A
CN105420835A CN201510966957.6A CN201510966957A CN105420835A CN 105420835 A CN105420835 A CN 105420835A CN 201510966957 A CN201510966957 A CN 201510966957A CN 105420835 A CN105420835 A CN 105420835A
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far infrared
powder
antibacterial
copper
zirconium phosphate
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CN105420835B (en
Inventor
陆育明
陈辉华
李东华
王水兵
冯忠耀
沈飞
杨卫忠
刘萍
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Shanghai defulun New Material Technology Co.,Ltd.
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SHANGHAI DEFULUN CHEMICAL FIBER CO Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F6/00Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof
    • D01F6/88Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds
    • D01F6/92Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds of polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F1/00General methods for the manufacture of artificial filaments or the like
    • D01F1/02Addition of substances to the spinning solution or to the melt
    • D01F1/10Other agents for modifying properties
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F1/00General methods for the manufacture of artificial filaments or the like
    • D01F1/02Addition of substances to the spinning solution or to the melt
    • D01F1/10Other agents for modifying properties
    • D01F1/103Agents inhibiting growth of microorganisms

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of production of synthetic fibers and provides a manufacturing method of antibacterial and far infrared health polyester fibers. The antibacterial and far infrared health polyester fibers are papered by adding antibacterial and far infrared materials into spun yarns, wherein the antibacterial material is a sodium zirconium phosphate copper-carried antibacterial material; the far infrared material is a Tai Chi stone far infrared material. The antibacterial and far infrared health polyester fibers can be prepared from sodium zirconium phosphate copper-carried antibacterial powder and Tai Chi stone far infrared powder through an online adding and spinning manner or is prepared by preparing the antibacterial powder and the far infrared powder into master batches, mixing the master batches with polyester chips and spinning. The manufacturing method has a simple production process flow and is convenient for large-batch production; a novel antibacterial polyester fiber raw material with a far infrared health function is provided for textile materials.

Description

A kind of manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber
Technical field
The present invention relates to the synthetic fiber production field of textile industry, specifically, is a kind of manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of economy and the raising of people's living standard, in today that safety is more and more concerned with health care, people have higher requirement to textiles, should meet comfortable, fashion, also current themes of the times to be met---green health, thus, effectively can reduce the pathogenic microorganisms such as bacterium more and more cause people concern to the antibacterial fabric of the infringement of the person and the health textile with far-infrared transmitting function, and become demand and the selection of people gradually, development & production has antibacterial and polyester fiber that is far-infrared health care function concurrently has become one of developing direction of functional polyalkylene ester fiber.
Antibacterial polyester fibre is mainly prepared as master with blending method both at home and abroad at present, and namely when Direct-spinning of PET Fiber, by adding inorganic antiseptic, mainly anti-bacterial fibre made by metal ion type antiseptic and polyester blend melt spinning.
Compared with organic antibacterial agent, it is strong, lasting that metal ion antibacterial agent has antibacterial ability, and the pathogenic microorganisms such as Heat stability is good, particularly bacterium not easily produce the features such as antibiotic property sudden change to metal ion antibacterial agent, but due to Hg 2+, Cd 2+, Pb 2+, Cr 3+human body residual is poisoned large, Ni 2+, Co 2+and Cu 2+with color, so the antiseptic being widely used as inorganic antiseptic use at present has silver and zinc two kinds of ions, the antibacterial strength due to zinc ion only has the about one thousandth of silver ion, therefore carrying silver antimicrobials dominate in current inorganic antiseptic.
Although the metal antibacterial ions such as silver, copper ion itself have certain antibacterial ability, scholar is devoted to the slowly-releasing of research antibacterial ion in textiles recently, improves the heat resisting temperature of antibacterial ion, improves antibacterial ability.Have studied the material load metal antibacterial ion that multiple inside has pore space structure, as basic zirconium phosphate, titanium phosphate sodium, sodium zirconium phosphate, sepiolite, zeolite, imvite, active carbon, clay etc., chemical temperatures through the silver ion of support modification improves, overcome the metachromatism of textiles to a certain extent, simultaneously, carrier controls antibacterial ion rate of release, and antibacterial effect is more lasting, stable.Especially the research of sodium zirconium phosphate carrier, mainly based on phosphorus atoms in sodium zirconium phosphate and the strong combination of oxygen atom, forms the PO of rigidity 4tetrahedron and ZrO 6octahedron, sodium atom is positioned at two ZrO 6in the distorted octahedron space that octahedral oxygen triangular facet is formed, form the lattice that space group is the hexaplanar of R3C, define the skeleton that relaxation is stable.Each CATION in sodium zirconium phosphate molecular structure can be replaced by multiple element atom, therefore, take sodium zirconium phosphate as carrier, and the cheap copper ion anti-biotic material of load will be more significant trial.
In the far infrared of the release of far infrared functional fibre and body, the resonant interaction of hydrone can effective activation hydrone, improve Premeabilisation of cells performance, thus improve the oxygen content of health, active water molecule is is freely come in and gone out between cell, and the fuel factor of far infrared, VPV can be impelled to accelerate, microfilament blood vessel dilatation, improve microcirculation, enhance metabolism.
At present, the material of the generation far infrared that document is recorded and product mainly contain charcoal, carbon fiber, tourmaline, far-infrared ceramic, jade, metal oxide and carborundum class, dense porous metal-oxide film is as aluminium oxide, cupric oxide, silver oxide, and loose porous silicon carbide species, in temperature higher than the far infrared sent when 150 degrees Celsius, wavelength mainly concentrates on 8 ~ 13 microns, is that the series products of Shi Ying pipe ﹑ infrared ray bulb ﹑ spool is beyond one's reach all the time.
In recent years, federal three standing grain (Fujian) limited company introduces Tai Ji stone from TaiWan, China, then former stone is made master batch and carries out nanometer, nano particle is added in fiber, spun yarn, is made into cloth, finally makes clothing product.Chinese patent application 201410372725.3 and 201410371613.6 discloses the manufacture method of Tai Ji stone health-care fibre and yarn, and take particle diameter as the Tai Ji stone flour of below 100 nanometers, the weight ratio of Tai Ji stone flour and fiber is 1:50-100.Its manufacture method comprises the following steps: 1) choose Tai Ji stone natural crystal, is smashed rear high temperature sintering and to quench refining, then grind to form Tai Ji stone super fine; 2) Tai Ji stone super fine is mixed with fiber base-material, dry, add polymer spinning-aid agent, granulation obtains Tai Ji stone master batch; 3) by Tai Ji stone master batch and homo-fibers section mixing, spinning, winding, stretching, obtain Tai Ji mineral wool, and its infrared emitting rate reaches more than 91%.As a kind of natural crystal, Tai Ji stone has releasing far infrared function, emissivity is up to 93.36%, simultaneously, Tai Ji stone there is the resonant frequency of high frequency and human body cell molecule quite close, human body can be assisted to receive, supplement the magnetic field energy that discharges of earth natural magnetic field, have and change physique, dispelling fatigue, promotion blood microcirculation, enhance metabolism, promote absorption of human body and assemble positive energy.Therefore, Tai Ji stone is applied to research and development new far infrared health fiber goods and has certain market value and social value.
Summary of the invention
Research shows, because the effective radius of copper ion and zinc ion is close, when reacting with nanometer sodium zirconium phosphate simultaneously, the position that two kinds of ions occupy in nanometer sodium zirconium phosphate structure is identical, it is that both being exchanged for competes exchange that copper ion, zinc ion coexist, thus mix with when being used alone, bacteria resistance function is suitable.
Disclosed document prepares the copper-loaded anti-bacterial fibre of sodium zirconium phosphate by the mode of interpolation or Final finishing in spinning process at present, according to research of the present invention, the copper-loaded antiseptic powder surface of sodium zirconium phosphate is high energy surface, in hydrophily, the organic matrixs such as polyester are low pole molecules, in lipophile, combination both the inconsistent phenomenon of this water oil hinders, very easily cause the reunion of inorganic particle in organic matrix, affect the performance of compound resin and fiber, simultaneously, antibacterial effect is undesirable, further powder surface is modified by using silane coupler, its compatibility can be improved and impact of reuniting, reach better antibacterial effect, the present invention produces thus.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber.
Described antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber prepares by adding antibacterial and far-infrared material in spinning.Described anti-biotic material is the copper-loaded anti-biotic material of sodium zirconium phosphate, and described far-infrared material is Tai Ji stone far-infrared material.
Described antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber can be prepared by online spinning mode of adding by the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of sodium zirconium phosphate and Tai Ji stone far infrared powder, or after mixing with polyester slice after making master batch by antimicrobial powder and far infrared powder, spinning prepares.
A first aspect of the present invention, provides a kind of manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber, comprises the following steps:
A, copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate are fully mixed with deionized water, stir, heating water bath, obtains the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of sodium zirconium phosphate through suction filtration, washing, oven dry, grinding, calcining; Mixed with dimethylbenzene by copper-loaded for sodium zirconium phosphate antimicrobial powder, logical nitrogen protection, adds silane coupler under high-speed stirred, obtains the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium through backflow, filtration, oven dry, ball milling;
B, Tai Ji stone ore stone is obtained Tai Ji stone far infrared powder through smashing, calcining, grind;
C, by the blended drying by a certain percentage of copper-loaded for modified zirconium phosphate sodium antimicrobial powder, Tai Ji stone far infrared powder and polyester, and through screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make antibacterial far-infrared matrix;
D, antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice make antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber through spinning by a certain percentage.
Or step C and D is replaced with:
E, polyester slice drying, melting are polyester fondant, adopt online mode of adding to add the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and Tai Ji stone far infrared powder, be transported in spinning manifold through screw extruder and carry out spinning and make antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber.
In described steps A, the percentage by weight of copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate is: (4 ~ 8): (2 ~ 6), (preferred 6:4), all the other are deionized water, wherein control heating in water bath for reaction temperature 75 ~ 80 DEG C (preferably 80 DEG C), reaction time 3h, bake out temperature 100 ~ 105 DEG C (preferably 100 DEG C), drying time 10h, grinding control particle diameter 10 ~ 300nm, calcining heat 750 ~ 780 DEG C (preferably 760 DEG C), calcination time 4h.
In described steps A, silane coupler is the one in titanate esters (corrdination type), titanate esters (single alkoxy type), lactic acid titanium salt (chelating type), silane; Addition is 3 ~ 8% of antimicrobial powder weight.
Preferably, in described steps A, silane coupler is titanate esters (single alkoxy type); Addition is 5% of antimicrobial powder weight.
The lipophilic degree that the copper-loaded powder of sodium zirconium phosphate is prepared in described steps A modification can reach 40%, the light transmittance of sedimentation speed 30min dispersion reaches 30%, light transmittance is by more stable, the lipophilic degree 5% of the copper-loaded powder of unmodified sodium zirconium phosphate of comparing, the light transmittance 8% of sedimentation speed 30min dispersion, therefore through inorganic antibiosis powder that surface treatment effect is good, the surperficial energy state of major part particle is lowered, surface charge is eliminated, surface polarity is weakened, to strengthen with the affinity of high polymer, its dispersive property in the solvent of high polymer and corresponding density will be improved.
The structure of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium that described steps A prepares is hexagoinal lattice, average grain diameter 100 ~ 300nm, specific area 30 ~ 100m 2/ g.
In described step B, Tai Ji stone ore stone calcining heat is 900 ~ 1200 DEG C (preferably 1000 DEG C), and grinding obtains Tai Ji stone far infrared powder.Average grain diameter 100 ~ the 300nm of described Tai Ji stone flour body, emissivity 90-92%, heat resistance >400 DEG C, loss on drying (105 DEG C, 2h) <1.5%, calcination loss (1000 DEG C, 2h) <2.5%.
In described step C, powder (comprising the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder) and polyester are with percentage by weight (20 ~ 25): (75 ~ 80) (preferred 20:80) is blended, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make antibacterial far-infrared polyester master batch, wherein the weight ratio of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, far infrared powder is 1:(0.5 ~ 2) (preferred 1:1).
In described step D, antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice are with percentage by weight (5 ~ 10): (90 ~ 95) (preferred 5:95) is blended, drying, spinning, winding, boundling, drawing-off, sizing, folded silk, oil, the operation such as curling and cut-out obtains Nanometer Copper antibacterial polyester fibre.Spinning temperature is 272 ~ 278 DEG C, is good (most preferably 272 DEG C) with 274 ~ 276 DEG C, and spinning speed is 1000 ~ 1150m/min (preferred 1050m/min), drafting multiple 3.3 ~ 4.6 times (preferably 3.85 times).
In described step e, the percentage by weight (1 ~ 4) of powder (comprising the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder) and polyester fondant: (96 ~ 99) (preferred 2:98), wherein the weight ratio of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, far infrared powder is 1:(0.5 ~ 2) (preferred 1:2), spinning technology parameter is identical with step D.
Through test, adopt the mode of grinding and jet-impingement easily powder can be processed into grain size 100 ~ 300nm, when powder size is lower than 100nm, there is certain difficulty in processing, and cost is higher, and when preparing master batch, powder is easily reunited; When powder size is greater than 500nm, meeting plug assembly screen pack during spinning; Powder size 300 ~ 500 time, far infrared and antibacterial functions effect not remarkable.
A second aspect of the present invention, provides a kind of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber, and it adopts above-mentioned arbitrary manufacture method to prepare.
Antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber cross section of the present invention can be any cross section of known polyester melt spinning, as circle, hollow shape, triangle etc.Monofilament name line density is 0.89dtex ~ 16.67dtex.
Anti-microbial property test adopt Shanghai Defulun Chemical Fiber Co., Ltd. take the lead formulate industry standard: FZ/T52035-2014 " antibacterial dacron staple fibre " and GB/T20944.3-2008 " evaluation the 3rd part of antibacterial textile performance: succusion ", the bacterial classification of bacteriostasis rate refers to staphylococcus aureus (ATCC6538), Escherichia coli (ATCC8739).Far infrared performance test adopts GB/T30127-2013 " detecting and assessing of textiles far infrared performance ".Microcirculation in human body volume of blood flow and Hemodynamic environment change the Human Physiology test determination according to TaiWan, China TTRI Taiwan Textile Research Institute, Human Physiology is tested: women tester first wears general underwear and tests its volume of blood flow and VPV after 20 minutes, change again and wear Tai Ji stone underwear and test its volume of blood flow and VPV after 20 minutes, measurement point is chest centre, compares the change of both volume of blood flow and VPV.After tested, fiber bacteriostasis rate > 95%, fabric far infrared normal emittance > 0.8, volume of blood flow and VPV increase > 30%, and fiber product has antibacterial far-infrared health care function.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) by fibre spinning process, add the copper-loaded material of the sodium zirconium phosphate with antibacterial functions and there is the Tai Ji stone material of far-infrared health care function, prepare that polyester fiber has antibacterial, far infrared, promotion blood microcirculation, enhance metabolism multi-functional.
(2) can be replaced by multiple element atom based on each CATION in sodium zirconium phosphate molecular structure, take sodium zirconium phosphate as skeleton, supported copper ion, and copper ion can realize slowly-releasing in textiles, improves antibacterial ability.
(3) sodium zirconium phosphate has larger aperture, expands the contact surface area of copper ion, can hold more antibacterial ion, and the ability of antiseptic is strengthened greatly, improves Tai Ji stone infrared emittance in the fibre simultaneously, improves far-infrared effect.
(4) by using silane coupler to modify antibacterial powder surface, significantly can improve its compatibility with polyester matrix affects with reuniting, and reaches better antibacterial effect.
(5) technological process of production of the present invention is simple, is convenient to mass production, for textile material provides a kind of Novel antibacterial far infrared polyester fibers with health-care function raw material.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, detailed description of the invention provided by the invention is elaborated.
The preparation of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of embodiment 1 modified zirconium phosphate sodium
Copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate are fully mixed with deionized water, stirs, heating water bath, the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of sodium zirconium phosphate is obtained through suction filtration, washing, oven dry, grinding, calcining, wherein copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate percentage by weight are: 6:4, and all the other are deionized water, control heating in water bath for reaction temperature 78 DEG C, reaction time 3h, bake out temperature 102 DEG C, drying time 10h, grinding control particle diameter 100 ~ 300nm, calcining heat 760 DEG C, calcination time 4h.Copper-loaded for sodium zirconium phosphate antimicrobial powder is mixed with dimethylbenzene; logical nitrogen protection; titanate esters (single alkoxy type is added under high-speed stirred; addition is 5% of antimicrobial powder weight; the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium is obtained through backflow, filtration, oven dry, ball milling; the lipophilic degree of modified powder reaches 40%; the light transmittance of sedimentation speed 30min dispersion reaches 30%; light transmittance is by more stable; the structure of powder is hexagoinal lattice; average grain diameter 100 ~ 300nm, specific area 30 ~ 100 ㎡/g.
The preparation of embodiment 2 Tai Ji stone far infrared powder
Tai Ji stone ore stone is obtained Tai Ji stone far infrared powder through smashing, calcining, grind, Tai Ji stone ore stone calcining heat is 900 ~ 1200 DEG C, calcination time 4h, grinding obtains Tai Ji stone far infrared powder, average grain diameter 100 ~ 300nm, emissivity 90-92%, heat resistance >400 DEG C, loss on drying (105 DEG C, 2h) <1.5%, calcination loss (1000 DEG C, 2h) <2.5%.
The preparation of the antibacterial far-infrared matrix of embodiment 3
The copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, far infrared powder and polyester are blended with percentage by weight 22:78, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make antibacterial far-infrared polyester master batch, wherein the weight ratio of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, far infrared powder is 1:1.
Embodiment 4 production fiber number is the antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber of 1.56dtex
Antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice blended with percentage by weight 5:95, vacuumize, heating-up temperature 130 degree, dry 12 hours total times.Existing LHV431 ~ LHV903 spinning, first break draft combination machine obtain the brick-red antibacterial far-infrared polyester fiber of 1.56dtex through operations such as spinning, winding, shaping, boundling, drawing-offs, spinning temperature is 272 DEG C, winding speed is 1050m/min, and drafting multiple is 3.85 times.
Embodiment 5 production fiber number is the cross antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber of 11.11dtex.
Polyester slice drying, melting are polyester fondant, adopt online mode of adding to add the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder, are transported in spinning manifold carry out spinning through screw extruder.The percentage by weight 2:98 of antimicrobial powder, far infrared powder and polyester fondant, wherein the percentage by weight of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, far infrared powder is 1:2, and polyester slice rotary-drum vacuum is dry, heating-up temperature 130 degree, dry 12 hours total times.Existing LHV431 ~ LHV903 spinning, first break draft combination machine obtain the copper-loaded antibacterial polyester fibre of the brick-red sodium zirconium phosphate of 11.11dtex cross section through operations such as spinning, winding, shaping, boundling, drawing-offs, spinning temperature is 270 DEG C, winding speed is 1100m/min, and drafting multiple is 4.02 times.
Comparative example 1 production fiber number is the antibacterial far-infrared polyester fiber of copper of 1.56dtex
With polyvinylpyrrolidone etc. for dressing agent, the average grain diameter adopting liquid phase reduction to make is 20-25nm copper powder body, Tai Ji stone far infrared powder and polyester blended with percentage by weight 22:78, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make the antibacterial far-infrared polyester master batch of copper, wherein the weight ratio of antimicrobial powder, far infrared powder is 1:1.Again by copper antibacterial polyester masterbatches and polyester slice by a certain percentage the operation such as blended drying, spinning, winding make Nanometer Copper antibacterial polyester fibre, the ratio of master batch and polyester slice and spinning technique are with embodiment 4.
Comparative example 2: production fiber number is the copper-loaded antibacterial polyester fibre of sodium zirconium phosphate of 1.56dtex
The copper-loaded powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and polyester blended with percentage by weight 20:80, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make Nanometer Copper antibacterial polyester masterbatches.
The copper-loaded master batch of sodium zirconium phosphate and polyester slice blended with percentage by weight 5:95, vacuumize, heating-up temperature 130 degree, dry 12 hours total times.Existing LHV431 ~ LHV903 spinning, first break draft combination machine obtain the copper-loaded antibacterial polyester fibre of the brick-red sodium zirconium phosphate of 1.56dtex through operations such as spinning, winding, shaping, boundling, drawing-offs, spinning temperature is 272 DEG C, winding speed is 1050m/min, and drafting multiple is 3.85 times.
Comparative example 3: production fiber number is the far-infrared polyester fiber of 1.56dtex
Far infrared powder and polyester blended with percentage by weight 20:80, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make far-infrared polyester master batch.
Far-infrared polyester master batch and polyester slice blended with percentage by weight 5:95, vacuumize, heating-up temperature 130 degree, dry 12 hours total times.Existing LHV431 ~ LHV903 spinning, first break draft combination machine obtain 1.56dtex far-infrared polyester fiber through operations such as spinning, winding, shaping, boundling, drawing-offs, and spinning temperature is 272 DEG C, and winding speed is 1050m/min, and drafting multiple is 3.85 times.
Comparative example 4: production fiber number is the copper-loaded antibacterial far-infrared polyester fiber of the sodium zirconium phosphate of 1.56dtex (antimicrobial powder not modification)
The copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of sodium zirconium phosphate without titanate esters modification, far infrared powder and polyester are blended with percentage by weight 22:78, drying, screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make antibacterial far-infrared polyester master batch, wherein the weight ratio of antimicrobial powder, far infrared powder is 1:1.
Antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice blended with percentage by weight 5:95, vacuumize, heating-up temperature 130 degree, dry 12 hours total times.Existing LHV431 ~ LHV903 spinning, first break draft combination machine obtain the brick-red antibacterial far-infrared polyester fiber of 1.56dtex through operations such as spinning, winding, shaping, boundling, drawing-offs, spinning temperature is 272 DEG C, winding speed is 1050m/min, and drafting multiple is 3.85 times.
Application Example
The health care polyester fiber prepare embodiment 4,5 and comparative example 1,2,3,4 and cotton fiber obtain blended yarn according to the ratio blending of 1:1, are made into underwear BLENDED FABRIC with this blended yarn.
Adopt conventional polyester fiber to obtain blended yarn with cotton fiber according to identical ratio blending, be made into general underwear BLENDED FABRIC sample as a comparison with this blended yarn.
The antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber of table 1. and fabric detect
Experimentally result, embodiment 4 and 5 compares ratio 1,2 and 4, bacteriostasis rate is higher, and compare ratio 1,3 and 4, far infrared transmissivity is higher, the compatibility that display adopts present invention process significantly can improve antimicrobial powder and polyester matrix affects with reuniting, reach better antibacterial effect, improve Tai Ji stone infrared emittance in the fibre simultaneously, improve far-infrared effect, better than the copper-loaded fibre antibacterial of independent sodium zirconium phosphate, higher than independent Tai Ji mineral wool infrared emittance.
Below the preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated, but the invention is not limited to described embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art also can make all equivalent modification or replacement under the prerequisite without prejudice to the invention spirit, and these equivalent modification or replacement are all included in the application's claim limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a manufacture method for antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
A, copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate are fully mixed with deionized water, stir, heating water bath, obtains the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of sodium zirconium phosphate through suction filtration, washing, oven dry, grinding, calcining; Mixed with dimethylbenzene by copper-loaded for sodium zirconium phosphate antimicrobial powder, logical nitrogen protection, adds silane coupler under high-speed stirred, obtains the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium through backflow, filtration, oven dry, ball milling;
B, Tai Ji stone ore stone is obtained Tai Ji stone far infrared powder through smashing, calcining, grind;
C, the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium, Tai Ji stone far infrared powder and polyester blend are dry, and through screw extruding melting, extrude, cool, tie rod, pelletizing and drying make antibacterial far-infrared matrix;
D, antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice make antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber through spinning;
Or step C and D is replaced with:
E, polyester slice drying, melting are polyester fondant, adopt online mode of adding to add the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and Tai Ji stone far infrared powder, be transported in spinning manifold through screw extruder and carry out spinning and make antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber.
2. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described steps A, the percentage by weight of copper nitrate, sodium zirconium phosphate is (4 ~ 8): (2 ~ 6).
3. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described steps A, control heating in water bath for reaction temperature 75 ~ 80 DEG C, reaction time 3h, bake out temperature 100 ~ 105 DEG C, drying time 10h, grinding control particle diameter 10 ~ 300nm, calcining heat 750 ~ 780 DEG C, calcination time 4h.
4. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described steps A, silane coupler is the one in corrdination type titanate esters, Monoalkoxy-titanates, chelating type lactic acid titanium salt, silane; Silane coupler addition is 3 ~ 8% of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder weight of sodium zirconium phosphate.
5. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step B, Tai Ji stone ore stone calcining heat is 900 ~ 1200 DEG C.
6. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium that described steps A and step B obtain and the average grain diameter of Tai Ji stone far infrared powder are all 100 ~ 300nm.
7. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step C, the percentage by weight of powder and polyester is (20 ~ 25): (75 ~ 80), described powder comprises the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder, and wherein the weight ratio of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder is 1:(0.5 ~ 2).
8. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step D, antibacterial far-infrared matrix and polyester slice are with percentage by weight (5 ~ 10): (90 ~ 95) are blended, drying, spinning, winding, boundling, drawing-off, sizing, folded silk, oil, the operation such as curling and cut-out obtains Nanometer Copper antibacterial polyester fibre.
9. the manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step e, the percentage by weight (1 ~ 4) of powder and polyester fondant: (96 ~ 99), described powder comprises the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder, and wherein the weight ratio of the copper-loaded antimicrobial powder of modified zirconium phosphate sodium and far infrared powder is 1:(0.5 ~ 2).
10. a manufacture method for antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber, is characterized in that, described antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber adopts the arbitrary described manufacture method of claim 1-9 to prepare.
CN201510966957.6A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of manufacture method of antibacterial far infrared health care polyester fiber Active CN105420835B (en)

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CN105887493A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-24 安徽天馨工艺制品集团有限公司 Treatment method of down feather with long-acting far infrared health effect
CN106192054A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-12-07 张家港市安顺科技发展有限公司 Environment-friendly type regeneration negative ion far-infrared function flame retardant polyester staple fibre
CN106367836A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 上海德福伦化纤有限公司 Manufacturing method of hollowed biomass graphene polyester fiber
CN106435940A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 宜兴中大纺织有限公司 Method for processing antibacterial dacron woven sofa fabric
CN106567142A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-04-19 浙江恒逸高新材料有限公司 On-line adding device of melt direct-spinning powder
CN107033692A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-08-11 梧州市兴能农业科技有限公司 A kind of construction material of insulation
CN107059156A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-08-18 广州市中诚新型材料科技有限公司 A kind of far-infrared polyester fiber
CN107163294A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-09-15 深圳市创艺工业技术有限公司 A kind of far infrared composite powder
CN108013608A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 钟永松 A kind of medical work platform with antibacterial effect
CN108149338A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 平原恒丰纺织科技有限公司 A kind of stone needle modified polyester fiber and preparation method thereof and fabric
CN108589256A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-28 鲁丰织染有限公司 High-whiteness cotton/Tai Ji stone blended yarn weaved fabric and its processing technology
CN108685210A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-10-23 佛山市南海区佳妍内衣有限公司 A kind of antibacterial brassiere of sandwich structure
CN108728926A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-02 佛山市南海区佳妍内衣有限公司 A kind of Far-infrared antibacterial fabric
CN109355729A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-19 赛得利(九江)纤维有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of Tai Ji stone and polyester fiber composite material
CN109610035A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-04-12 福建省银河服饰有限公司 Cage type polysilsesquioxane and nanometer Tai Ji stone are total to modified polyester fiber and preparation method thereof and textile
CN111206410A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-05-29 浙江康洁丝新材料科技有限公司 Plasma modified grafted antibacterial far infrared heating fiber and preparation method and application thereof
CN111329134A (en) * 2018-11-19 2020-06-26 刘华文 Terahertz fiber home textile underwear fabric
CN111593432A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-28 苏州金莱特化纤有限公司 Anti-corrosion and anti-bacterial functional fiber and preparation process thereof
CN111993726A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-11-27 高意匠新材料科技(苏州)有限公司 Terahertz antibacterial heating material
CN112680818A (en) * 2019-10-17 2021-04-20 浙江伟星实业发展股份有限公司 Polyester monofilament, preparation method and application thereof
CN112695407A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-23 上海德福伦化纤有限公司 Glass silver-loaded antibacterial polyester fiber and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105887493A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-24 安徽天馨工艺制品集团有限公司 Treatment method of down feather with long-acting far infrared health effect
CN106192054A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-12-07 张家港市安顺科技发展有限公司 Environment-friendly type regeneration negative ion far-infrared function flame retardant polyester staple fibre
CN106367836A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 上海德福伦化纤有限公司 Manufacturing method of hollowed biomass graphene polyester fiber
CN106567142A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-04-19 浙江恒逸高新材料有限公司 On-line adding device of melt direct-spinning powder
CN106567142B (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-11-20 浙江恒逸高新材料有限公司 A kind of online adding set of fused mass directly spinning powder
CN106435940A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 宜兴中大纺织有限公司 Method for processing antibacterial dacron woven sofa fabric
CN107059156B (en) * 2017-04-13 2018-06-05 广州市中诚新型材料科技有限公司 A kind of far-infrared polyester fiber
CN107059156A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-08-18 广州市中诚新型材料科技有限公司 A kind of far-infrared polyester fiber
CN107163294A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-09-15 深圳市创艺工业技术有限公司 A kind of far infrared composite powder
CN107033692A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-08-11 梧州市兴能农业科技有限公司 A kind of construction material of insulation
CN108013608A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 钟永松 A kind of medical work platform with antibacterial effect
CN108149338A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 平原恒丰纺织科技有限公司 A kind of stone needle modified polyester fiber and preparation method thereof and fabric
CN108589256A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-28 鲁丰织染有限公司 High-whiteness cotton/Tai Ji stone blended yarn weaved fabric and its processing technology
CN108728926A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-02 佛山市南海区佳妍内衣有限公司 A kind of Far-infrared antibacterial fabric
CN108685210A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-10-23 佛山市南海区佳妍内衣有限公司 A kind of antibacterial brassiere of sandwich structure
CN109355729A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-19 赛得利(九江)纤维有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of Tai Ji stone and polyester fiber composite material
CN109355729B (en) * 2018-10-18 2021-04-13 赛得利(九江)纤维有限公司 Manufacturing method of Taiji stone and polyester fiber composite material
CN111329134A (en) * 2018-11-19 2020-06-26 刘华文 Terahertz fiber home textile underwear fabric
CN109610035A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-04-12 福建省银河服饰有限公司 Cage type polysilsesquioxane and nanometer Tai Ji stone are total to modified polyester fiber and preparation method thereof and textile
CN109610035B (en) * 2018-11-26 2021-09-03 福建省银河服饰有限公司 Cage polysilsesquioxane and nano taiji stone co-modified polyester fiber, preparation method thereof and textile
CN112680818A (en) * 2019-10-17 2021-04-20 浙江伟星实业发展股份有限公司 Polyester monofilament, preparation method and application thereof
CN111206410A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-05-29 浙江康洁丝新材料科技有限公司 Plasma modified grafted antibacterial far infrared heating fiber and preparation method and application thereof
CN111593432A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-28 苏州金莱特化纤有限公司 Anti-corrosion and anti-bacterial functional fiber and preparation process thereof
CN111993726A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-11-27 高意匠新材料科技(苏州)有限公司 Terahertz antibacterial heating material
CN112695407A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-23 上海德福伦化纤有限公司 Glass silver-loaded antibacterial polyester fiber and preparation method thereof

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