CN105398411A - Vehicle bumper - Google Patents

Vehicle bumper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105398411A
CN105398411A CN201510819399.0A CN201510819399A CN105398411A CN 105398411 A CN105398411 A CN 105398411A CN 201510819399 A CN201510819399 A CN 201510819399A CN 105398411 A CN105398411 A CN 105398411A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
permanently connected
bumper
energy
oblique
mutually permanently
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510819399.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘玟宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin China Lian Sheng Automobile Component Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianjin China Lian Sheng Automobile Component Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin China Lian Sheng Automobile Component Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin China Lian Sheng Automobile Component Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510819399.0A priority Critical patent/CN105398411A/en
Publication of CN105398411A publication Critical patent/CN105398411A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/18Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact

Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle bumper. The vehicle bumper comprises a bumper casing, an energy absorption socket plate, shock absorption energy absorption plates, cross plates, spring fixing bases, shock absorption springs, a bearing plate, buffer blocks, a horizontal fixing plate, a guide block, hydraulic shock absorbers, shock supports, a lateral support plate, telescopic rods, fixed supports, a support stand column, an oblique hydraulic rod, an oblique hydraulic shock absorber, a screw, an oblique shock absorption seat and support rods. The vehicle bumper is characterized in that the energy absorption socket plate is arranged on the inner side of the bumper casing and is mutually and fixedly connected with the bumper casing; the shock absorption energy absorption plates are arranged on one side of the energy absorption socket plate, and are mutually and fixedly connected with the bumper casing. According to the vehicle bumper disclosed by the invention, a plurality of shock absorption anticollision devices are arranged, so that no matter a vehicle is collided forwards or obliquely, good buffer and shock absorption effects can be obtained, and damage to the vehicle and people in the vehicle can be effectively reduced. The vehicle bumper disclosed by the invention has the advantages of high safety and good shock absorption effect.

Description

A kind of Federal bumper
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicular spare parts field, particularly relate to a kind of Federal bumper.
Background technology
At present, there is the traffic accident that a lot of small passenger car and truck knock into the back, when there is similar accident, the driver and crew of small passenger car can suffer heavy losses, because small passenger car be all often get under lorry during truck generation rear-end collision, the first half of small passenger car can be subject to fierce shock, and the above position of driver and crew's chest in car is just easily subject to fatal harm.Even if some high-grade cars are also difficult to avoid injures and deaths.The bumper/spoiler of modern automobile comprises that formation automobile visual hull is a part, large-area bumper skin mostly.Design this bumper skin on the one hand; in order to stopping pedestrian with during pedestrian collision; and bounce back when being subject to less energy; this bumper skin hides each parts of bumper/spoiler on the other hand; such as crossbeam, this crossbeam is being out of shape and protecting car occupant thus with can produce when being subject to larger energy when such as second automobile acutely bumps against.In order to danger injured for pedestrian is reduced to minimum.Federal bumper absorbs and relaxes foreign impacts power, the safety device of protection vehicle body; Bumper/spoiler is installed to after on car body cannot be moved by mounting ear, and on the road of urban traffic blocking, because vehicle loiters, a vehicle in front of a rear car, the spacing of two cars is little, usually there will be the phenomenon that knocks into the back, and causes unnecessary trouble.Bumper system for automobile generally has a bumper holder structure, this bumper holder structure with at least one along automobile front substantially at the bumper holder that automobile transversely extends.This bumper holder usually by single energy absorption units, as crash box is connected with the supporting structure of automobile.This energy absorption units is designed to deformable body at this.In known bumper system, bumper beam structure is such as fixed on autobody stringpiece at it respectively along the horizontal end section region being positioned at outside of automobile and is positioned at along in the end section in travel direction front by energy absorption units.When there is frontal crash of vehicles in low-speed range, energy absorption units can absorb collision energy to a great extent by the deformation characteristic of its definition, therefore can at least reduce or avoid even completely the damage that longeron and other car body component may be subject to.But, in known bumper system, only have when collision point is positioned at bumper beam region, power to be derived when energy absorption units could be absorbed in collision best.Under this vehicle collision scenarios, when mutually collision automobile and therefore their bumper is in differing heights place above running ground time, each bumper system bumping against automobile is piled up with missing one another.So the load path distribution of motorcar interior and the absorption of the derivation of power and collision most all not good enough, when colliding, impact kinetic energy causes very large damage by the personnel in automobile and automobile.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of Federal bumper, the present invention is provided with multiple damping anticollision device, no matter automobile from forward or oblique collide time, can both the effect of the good bumper and absorbing shock of air flue, thus effectively can reduce the damage of automobile and occupant.The present invention has that safety is high, the advantage of good damping effect.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Federal bumper, comprise: bumper/spoiler housing, energy-absorbing frid, damping energy-absorbing plate, cross board, spring fixed seat, damping spring, bearing plate, bump rubber, horizontal adapter plate, orienting lug, liquid damper, shock mount, cross-tie plate, expansion link, fixed bearing, support post, oblique hydraulic stem, oblique liquid damper, screw, oblique shockproof mount and strut bar, it is characterized in that: described bumper/spoiler case inside is provided with energy-absorbing frid, described energy-absorbing frid and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate, described damping energy-absorbing plate and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid lower end is provided with damping spring, described damping spring lower end is provided with spring fixed seat, described damping spring and spring fixed seat are mutually permanently connected, described damping spring upper end and described energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat lower end arranges bearing plate, described spring fixed seat and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat side is provided with cross board, described cross board upper end and energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described cross board lower end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bearing plate lower end is provided with bump rubber, described bump rubber upper end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bump rubber lower end is provided with horizontal adapter plate, described bump rubber and horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described horizontal adapter plate lower end is provided with liquid damper, described liquid damper lower end is provided with shock mount, described liquid damper and shock mount are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount lower end is provided with support post, described shock mount and support post are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount both sides are provided with strut bar, described post upper is provided with orienting lug, described orienting lug and strut bar are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug upper end and described horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described strut bar is provided with expansion link, described strut bar lower end is provided with fixed bearing, described strut bar and fixed bearing are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug side is provided with oblique hydraulic stem, described oblique hydraulic stem and orienting lug are interconnected, described oblique hydraulic stem is provided with oblique liquid damper, described oblique liquid damper and oblique hydraulic stem are mutually permanently connected, described oblique hydraulic stem one end is provided with oblique shockproof mount, described oblique hydraulic stem and oblique shockproof mount are interconnected by screw.
Further, described damping energy-absorbing plate is provided with two.
Further, described liquid damper is provided with three.
Further, the material of described support post is corrosion-resistant steel.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: a kind of Federal bumper, comprise: bumper/spoiler housing, energy-absorbing frid, damping energy-absorbing plate, cross board, spring fixed seat, damping spring, bearing plate, bump rubber, horizontal adapter plate, orienting lug, liquid damper, shock mount, cross-tie plate, expansion link, fixed bearing, support post, oblique hydraulic stem, oblique liquid damper, screw, oblique shockproof mount and strut bar, it is characterized in that: described bumper/spoiler case inside is provided with energy-absorbing frid, described energy-absorbing frid and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate, described damping energy-absorbing plate and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid lower end is provided with damping spring, described damping spring lower end is provided with spring fixed seat, described damping spring and spring fixed seat are mutually permanently connected, described damping spring upper end and described energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat lower end arranges bearing plate, described spring fixed seat and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat side is provided with cross board, described cross board upper end and energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described cross board lower end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bearing plate lower end is provided with bump rubber, described bump rubber upper end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bump rubber lower end is provided with horizontal adapter plate, described bump rubber and horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described horizontal adapter plate lower end is provided with liquid damper, described liquid damper lower end is provided with shock mount, described liquid damper and shock mount are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount lower end is provided with support post, described shock mount and support post are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount both sides are provided with strut bar, described post upper is provided with orienting lug, described orienting lug and strut bar are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug upper end and described horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described strut bar is provided with expansion link, described strut bar lower end is provided with fixed bearing, described strut bar and fixed bearing are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug side is provided with oblique hydraulic stem, described oblique hydraulic stem and orienting lug are interconnected, described oblique hydraulic stem is provided with oblique liquid damper, described oblique liquid damper and oblique hydraulic stem are mutually permanently connected, described oblique hydraulic stem one end is provided with oblique shockproof mount, described oblique hydraulic stem and oblique shockproof mount are interconnected by screw.The present invention is provided with energy-absorbing frid at bumper/spoiler case inside, energy-absorbing frid side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate, energy-absorbing frid lower end is provided with damping spring, when automobile is subject to slight impact, because the present invention has multistage composite damping part, the cross board arranged in spring fixed seat side, cross board is X-shaped cross board, its damping energy absorption performance can be improved further, thus collision energy can be consumed step by step in collision process, the present invention is provided with oblique liquid damper and expansion link, when automobile is oblique collide time, energy crash energy absorption consumption is larger, energy-absorbing shock absorbing process is faster, improve the ability of the passive impact protector of bumper/spoiler, better can ensure the life security of occupant.The present invention is provided with multiple damping anticollision device, no matter automobile from forward or oblique collide time, can both the effect of the good bumper and absorbing shock of air flue, thus effectively can reduce the damage of automobile and occupant.The present invention has that safety is high, the advantage of good damping effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein: 1, bumper/spoiler housing 2, energy-absorbing frid 3, damping energy-absorbing plate
4, cross board 5, spring fixed seat 6, damping spring
7, bearing plate 8, bump rubber 9, horizontal adapter plate
10, orienting lug 11, liquid damper 12, shock mount
13, cross-tie plate 14, expansion link 15, fixed bearing
16, support post 17, oblique hydraulic stem 18, oblique liquid damper
19, screw 20, oblique shockproof mount 21, strut bar
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, brief description is made to the specific embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Federal bumper, comprise: bumper/spoiler housing 1, energy-absorbing frid 2, damping energy-absorbing plate 3, cross board 4, spring fixed seat 5, damping spring 6, bearing plate 7, bump rubber 8, horizontal adapter plate 9, orienting lug 10, liquid damper 11, shock mount 12, cross-tie plate 13, expansion link 14, fixed bearing 15, support post 16, oblique hydraulic stem 17, oblique liquid damper 18, screw 19, oblique shockproof mount 20 and strut bar 21, it is characterized in that: inside described bumper/spoiler housing 1, be provided with energy-absorbing frid 2, described energy-absorbing frid 2 is mutually permanently connected with bumper/spoiler housing 1, described energy-absorbing frid 2 side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate 3, described damping energy-absorbing plate 3 is mutually permanently connected with bumper/spoiler housing 1, described energy-absorbing frid 2 lower end is provided with damping spring 6, described damping spring 6 lower end is provided with spring fixed seat 5, described damping spring 6 is mutually permanently connected with spring fixed seat 5, described damping spring 6 upper end and described energy-absorbing frid 2 are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat 5 lower end arranges bearing plate 7, described spring fixed seat 5 is mutually permanently connected with bearing plate 7, described spring fixed seat 5 side is provided with cross board 4, described cross board 4 upper end and energy-absorbing frid 2 are mutually permanently connected, described cross board 4 lower end and bearing plate 7 are mutually permanently connected, described bearing plate 7 lower end is provided with bump rubber 8, described bump rubber 8 upper end and bearing plate 7 are mutually permanently connected, described bump rubber 8 lower end is provided with horizontal adapter plate 9, described bump rubber 8 is mutually permanently connected with horizontal adapter plate 9, described horizontal adapter plate 9 lower end is provided with liquid damper 11, described liquid damper 11 lower end is provided with shock mount 12, described liquid damper 11 is mutually permanently connected with shock mount 12, described shock mount 12 lower end is provided with support post 16, described shock mount 12 is mutually permanently connected with support post 16, described shock mount 12 both sides are provided with strut bar 21, described strut bar 21 upper end is provided with orienting lug 10, described orienting lug 10 is mutually permanently connected with strut bar 21, described orienting lug 10 upper end and described horizontal adapter plate 9 are mutually permanently connected, described strut bar 21 is provided with expansion link 14, described strut bar 21 lower end is provided with fixed bearing 15, described strut bar 21 is mutually permanently connected with fixed bearing 15, described orienting lug 10 side is provided with oblique hydraulic stem 17, described oblique hydraulic stem 17 is interconnected with orienting lug 10, described oblique hydraulic stem 17 is provided with oblique liquid damper 18, described oblique liquid damper 18 is mutually permanently connected with oblique hydraulic stem 17, described oblique hydraulic stem 17 one end is provided with oblique shockproof mount 20, described oblique hydraulic stem 17 is interconnected by screw 19 with oblique shockproof mount 20.Mode of operation: the present invention is provided with energy-absorbing frid at bumper/spoiler case inside, energy-absorbing frid side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate, energy-absorbing frid lower end is provided with damping spring, when automobile is subject to slight impact, because the present invention has multistage composite damping part, the cross board arranged in spring fixed seat side, cross board is X-shaped cross board, its damping energy absorption performance can be improved further, thus collision energy can be consumed step by step in collision process, the present invention is provided with oblique liquid damper and expansion link, when automobile is oblique collide time, energy crash energy absorption consumption is larger, energy-absorbing shock absorbing process is faster, improve the ability of the passive impact protector of bumper/spoiler, better can ensure the life security of occupant.
Above embodiment, only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, can not limit scope of the present invention with this; To the amendment that the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments is carried out, or to the equivalent replacement that wherein portion of techniques feature is carried out, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme, all should still remain within the scope of the patent.

Claims (4)

1. a Federal bumper, comprise: bumper/spoiler housing, energy-absorbing frid, damping energy-absorbing plate, cross board, spring fixed seat, damping spring, bearing plate, bump rubber, horizontal adapter plate, orienting lug, liquid damper, shock mount, cross-tie plate, expansion link, fixed bearing, support post, oblique hydraulic stem, oblique liquid damper, screw, oblique shockproof mount and strut bar, it is characterized in that: described bumper/spoiler case inside is provided with energy-absorbing frid, described energy-absorbing frid and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid side is provided with damping energy-absorbing plate, described damping energy-absorbing plate and bumper/spoiler housing are mutually permanently connected, described energy-absorbing frid lower end is provided with damping spring, described damping spring lower end is provided with spring fixed seat, described damping spring and spring fixed seat are mutually permanently connected, described damping spring upper end and described energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat lower end arranges bearing plate, described spring fixed seat and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described spring fixed seat side is provided with cross board, described cross board upper end and energy-absorbing frid are mutually permanently connected, described cross board lower end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bearing plate lower end is provided with bump rubber, described bump rubber upper end and bearing plate are mutually permanently connected, described bump rubber lower end is provided with horizontal adapter plate, described bump rubber and horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described horizontal adapter plate lower end is provided with liquid damper, described liquid damper lower end is provided with shock mount, described liquid damper and shock mount are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount lower end is provided with support post, described shock mount and support post are mutually permanently connected, described shock mount both sides are provided with strut bar, described post upper is provided with orienting lug, described orienting lug and strut bar are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug upper end and described horizontal adapter plate are mutually permanently connected, described strut bar is provided with expansion link, described strut bar lower end is provided with fixed bearing, described strut bar and fixed bearing are mutually permanently connected, described orienting lug side is provided with oblique hydraulic stem, described oblique hydraulic stem and orienting lug are interconnected, described oblique hydraulic stem is provided with oblique liquid damper, described oblique liquid damper and oblique hydraulic stem are mutually permanently connected, described oblique hydraulic stem one end is provided with oblique shockproof mount, described oblique hydraulic stem and oblique shockproof mount are interconnected by screw.
2. according to a kind of Federal bumper described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described damping energy-absorbing plate is provided with two.
3. according to a kind of Federal bumper described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described liquid damper is provided with three.
4. according to a kind of Federal bumper described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the material of described support post is corrosion-resistant steel.
CN201510819399.0A 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Vehicle bumper Pending CN105398411A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510819399.0A CN105398411A (en) 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Vehicle bumper

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510819399.0A CN105398411A (en) 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Vehicle bumper

Publications (1)

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CN105398411A true CN105398411A (en) 2016-03-16

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106602783A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-04-26 浙江永发机电有限公司 Multifunctional composite motor
CN106985776A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-28 长沙理工大学 A kind of guiding rigidity compensating device of crashworthiness structure
CN107963043A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-27 陕西科技大学 A kind of three-stage combined vehicle collision integrated system and method
CN108001840A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-08 张孝勤 A kind of logistics transportation prevents the device that collides with
CN108312992A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-07-24 河南职业技术学院 A kind of anticollision bumper of car
CN108545043A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-09-18 安徽知之信息科技有限公司 A kind of new-energy automobile bumper
CN110641405A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-01-03 南通理工学院 Air pressure buffering automobile collision energy absorption device
CN112406754A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-26 东风越野车有限公司 Vehicle collision buffer device and vehicle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2330546Y (en) * 1998-08-03 1999-07-28 陈丙乾 Resettable multi-stage buffer automobile bumper
KR20020074885A (en) * 2001-03-22 2002-10-04 기아자동차주식회사 A bumper using magnetic force for automobile
CN101712306A (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-05-26 段练 Vehicle anti-collision bumper system
CN204222789U (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 重庆市永宏陈记实业有限公司 Automobile bumper device
CN205168397U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-20 天津华夏联盛汽车部件有限公司 Automobile bumper

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2330546Y (en) * 1998-08-03 1999-07-28 陈丙乾 Resettable multi-stage buffer automobile bumper
KR20020074885A (en) * 2001-03-22 2002-10-04 기아자동차주식회사 A bumper using magnetic force for automobile
CN101712306A (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-05-26 段练 Vehicle anti-collision bumper system
CN204222789U (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 重庆市永宏陈记实业有限公司 Automobile bumper device
CN205168397U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-20 天津华夏联盛汽车部件有限公司 Automobile bumper

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106602783A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-04-26 浙江永发机电有限公司 Multifunctional composite motor
CN106985776A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-28 长沙理工大学 A kind of guiding rigidity compensating device of crashworthiness structure
CN107963043A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-27 陕西科技大学 A kind of three-stage combined vehicle collision integrated system and method
CN107963043B (en) * 2017-11-23 2021-04-06 陕西科技大学 Three-level combined vehicle collision integration system and method
CN108001840A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-08 张孝勤 A kind of logistics transportation prevents the device that collides with
CN108001840B (en) * 2017-11-29 2019-07-09 深圳恒仁星科技有限公司 A kind of anti-device that collides with of logistics transportation
CN108312992A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-07-24 河南职业技术学院 A kind of anticollision bumper of car
CN108545043A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-09-18 安徽知之信息科技有限公司 A kind of new-energy automobile bumper
CN110641405A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-01-03 南通理工学院 Air pressure buffering automobile collision energy absorption device
CN112406754A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-26 东风越野车有限公司 Vehicle collision buffer device and vehicle
CN112406754B (en) * 2020-11-04 2022-07-12 东风越野车有限公司 Vehicle collision buffer device and vehicle

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