CN105350484A - Vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined road sweeper - Google Patents

Vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105350484A
CN105350484A CN201510933317.5A CN201510933317A CN105350484A CN 105350484 A CN105350484 A CN 105350484A CN 201510933317 A CN201510933317 A CN 201510933317A CN 105350484 A CN105350484 A CN 105350484A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
communicated
suction
pressure
water
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510933317.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄向阳
魏虎
苏庭
闫炳雷
信华章
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510933317.5A priority Critical patent/CN105350484A/en
Publication of CN105350484A publication Critical patent/CN105350484A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H3/00Applying liquids to roads or like surfaces, e.g. for dust control; Stationary flushing devices
    • E01H3/02Mobile apparatus, e.g. watering-vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined road sweeper. The vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined sweeper comprises a vehicle chassis, a vacuum negative-pressure device, a filtering device, a material storage bin and a suction hose, wherein the vacuum negative-pressure device, the filtering device, the material storage bin and the suction hose are arranged on the vehicle chassis; and the filtering device is respectively communicated with the vacuum negative-pressure device and the material storage bin through passages arranged on the vehicle chassis. The road sweeper further comprises a water tank, a high pressure water system and a sweeping main body, wherein the the water tank, the high pressure water system and the sweeping main body are arranged on the vehicle chassis; and the water tank is communicated with a water inlet end of the high pressure water system. The vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined road sweeper disclosed by the invention has the advantages of strong cleaning capacity, high speed, high efficiency and the like and is suitable for various roads.

Description

The pavement cleaning vehicle that a kind of vacuum draw and high-pressure water jet combine
Technical field
The present invention relates to pavement cleaning vehicle field, particularly relate to the pavement cleaning vehicle of a kind of vacuum draw and high-pressure water jet combination.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of the communal facilitieies such as China's speedway, airport, harbour, urban road, there is higher requirement to cleaning speed and clean-up performance.Current domestic road-sweeper sweeping efficiency is low, fault rate is high, secondary pollution is serious, can not meet present needs.For this reason, the road-sweeper that exploitation is a kind of efficiently, quick, cleaning capacity is strong is necessary.
At present, on market, the existing road-sweeper generally used roughly comprises air re-circulation formula road-sweeper, wet type dust-absorption sweeping type road-sweeper, dry type dust-absorption sweeping type road-sweeper and the type such as pure sweeping road-sweeper, pure-suction type road-sweeper.But all there are following defects in actual use: 1, cleaning effect is undesirable; 2, the rubbish that weight is slightly large can not process; 3, the booty on bonding and ground can not process; 4, in cleaning process, dust fills the air and flies upward, and causes secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of cleaning capacity strong, speed is fast, and efficiency is high, is applicable to the vacuum draw on various road surface and the road cleaning vehicle of high-pressure water jet combination.
To achieve these goals, the following technical scheme of the present invention:
The pavement cleaning vehicle that a kind of vacuum draw and high-pressure water jet combine, it comprises vehicle chassis and is arranged on vacuum negative pressure device, filter, storage bin and the suction hose on vehicle chassis, described filter is communicated with storage bin with vacuum negative pressure device respectively by the passage be located on vehicle chassis, one end of described suction hose is communicated with storage bin, described pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the water tank be located on vehicle chassis, high pressure water system and cleaning main body, described water tank is communicated with the water inlet end of high pressure water system
Described cleaning main body comprises suction base, distributive pipe and multiple rotary nozzle, described suction base is connected to the afterbody of vehicle chassis by apparatus for adjusting position, described apparatus for adjusting position regulates the locus of suction base automatically, suction chamber is provided with in described suction base, the bottom of suction chamber is pump orifice, the top of suction chamber is communicated with the other end of suction hose, described rotary nozzle is located on suction base, and rotary nozzle delivery port extends as in suction chamber, one end of described distributive pipe is communicated with the water side of high pressure water system, the other end of distributive pipe is communicated with the water inlet end of each rotary nozzle, the bottom surface of described suction base is provided with lands rubber, lands rubber and road surface when being adjacent to, the airtight space formed between the suction chamber of suction chassis interior and road surface.
Described pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the apparatus for treating sewage be located on vehicle chassis, and the side of described water tank is communicated with storage bin by apparatus for treating sewage, and material to be pumped enters after in storage bin, and the moisture in material to be pumped enters in water tank after apparatus for treating sewage filters.
Described high pressure water system comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump, water inlet pipe, outlet pipe and bleed off pipe, one end of described water inlet pipe is communicated with water tank, the other end of water inlet pipe is communicated with the water inlet of high-pressure hydraulic pump, one end of described outlet pipe is communicated with the delivery port of high-pressure hydraulic pump, the other end of outlet pipe is communicated with distributive pipe, one end of described bleed off pipe is communicated with water tank, and the other end of bleed off pipe is communicated with the overfall of high-pressure hydraulic pump by overflow valve; Described high-pressure hydraulic pump is by hydraulic motor or motor driving work.
Described apparatus for adjusting position comprises base, sideslip oil cylinder, cross sliding rail and traversing slide, described base is fixed on the afterbody of vehicle chassis, described cross sliding rail is located on base, and described traversing slide is slidably connected on cross sliding rail, and is slided on cross sliding rail by sideslip oil cylinder driving; Described traversing slide is provided with lifting slide rail, and described lifting slide rail is provided with lifting slide, and lifting slide is driven by elevating ram and slides on lifting slide rail; Described lifting slide is connected with suction base by quadrilateral connecting rod mechanism.
In the suction chamber of described suction base, corresponding pump orifice place is provided with slanting baffle, described slanting baffle is provided with the adjustable baffle plate be obliquely installed, adjustable baffle plate moved or moves down thus change the height and width that regulate pump orifice, to adapt to the cleaning requirement in different cleaning place.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme, has the following advantages:
(1) rubbish that weight is slightly large can be pumped into storage bin by, powerful negative pressure of vacuum suction;
(2), the booty being bonded in ground can be rinsed well by high-pressure water jet;
(3), dust can be avoided to fill the air in cleaning process to fly upward, cause secondary pollution;
(4) the cleaning mode that, vacuum draw and high-pressure water jet combine is cleaned efficient clean.
Accompanying drawing explanation
To further illustrate various embodiment of the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the road cleaning vehicle that vacuum draw of the present invention and high-pressure water jet combine;
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of the road cleaning vehicle that vacuum draw of the present invention and high-pressure water jet combine;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of high pressure water system and water tank;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of cleaning main body and apparatus for adjusting position;
Fig. 5 is the sectional drawing of suction chassis interior.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in one of Fig. 1 to 5, the present invention includes vehicle chassis 1 and be arranged on vacuum negative pressure device 2, filter 3, storage bin 4 and the suction hose 5 on vehicle chassis 1, filter 3 is communicated with storage bin 4 with vacuum negative pressure device 2 respectively by the passage 6 be located on vehicle chassis 1, one end of suction hose 5 is communicated with storage bin 4, pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the water tank 7 be located on vehicle chassis 1, high pressure water system 8 and cleaning main body 9, water tank 7 is communicated with the water inlet end of high pressure water system 8
Cleaning main body 9 comprises suction base 91, distributive pipe 92 and multiple rotary nozzle 93, suction base 91 is connected to the afterbody of vehicle chassis 1 by apparatus for adjusting position 10, apparatus for adjusting position 10 regulates the locus of suction base 91 automatically, suction chamber 94 is provided with in suction base 91, the bottom of suction chamber 94 is pump orifice, the top of suction chamber 94 is communicated with the other end of suction hose 5, rotary nozzle 93 is located on suction base 91, and rotary nozzle 93 delivery port extends as in suction chamber 94, one end of distributive pipe 92 is communicated with the water side of high pressure water system 8, the other end of distributive pipe 92 is communicated with the water inlet end of each rotary nozzle 93, the bottom surface of suction base 91 is provided with lands rubber 95, when the rubber 95 that lands is adjacent to road surface, and the airtight space formed between the suction chamber 94 of suction base 91 inside and road surface.
Vacuum negative pressure device 2 makes to produce negative pressure of vacuum in storage bin 4, the object such as rubbish, dust is sucked flexible pipe 5 with air-flow and sucks, fall into storage bin 4, and band dust granules or foreign matter are filtered device 3 and filter, and clean gas gets back to air.
Pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the apparatus for treating sewage 11 be located on vehicle chassis 1, the side of water tank 7 is communicated with storage bin 4 by apparatus for treating sewage 11, material to be pumped enters after in storage bin 4, and the moisture in material to be pumped enters in water tank 7 after apparatus for treating sewage 11 filters.
High pressure water system 8 comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump 81, water inlet pipe 82, outlet pipe 83 and bleed off pipe 84, one end of water inlet pipe 82 is communicated with water tank 7, the other end of water inlet pipe 82 is communicated with the water inlet of high-pressure hydraulic pump 81, one end of outlet pipe 83 is communicated with the delivery port of high-pressure hydraulic pump 81, the other end of outlet pipe 83 is communicated with distributive pipe 92, one end of bleed off pipe 84 is communicated with water tank 7, and the other end of bleed off pipe 84 is communicated with the overfall of high-pressure hydraulic pump 81 by overflow valve 85; High-pressure hydraulic pump 81 is by hydraulic motor 86 or motor driving work.According to surface conditions, overflow valve 85 can be set up suitable pressure and clean.If high-pressure hydraulic pump 81 pressure exceedes the pressure that overflow valve 85 is set up, then water overflow return tank 7.
Apparatus for adjusting position 10 comprises base 101, sideslip oil cylinder 102, cross sliding rail 103 and traversing slide 104, base 101 is fixed on the afterbody of vehicle chassis 1, cross sliding rail 103 is located on base 101, traversing slide 104 is slidably connected on cross sliding rail 103, and drives slip on cross sliding rail 103 by sideslip oil cylinder 102; Traversing slide 104 is provided with lifting slide rail 105, and lifting slide rail 105 is provided with lifting slide 106, and lifting slide 106 is driven by elevating ram and slides on lifting slide rail 105; Lifting slide 106 is connected with suction base 91 by quadrilateral connecting rod mechanism 107.
In the suction chamber 94 of suction base 91, corresponding pump orifice place is provided with slanting baffle 96, slanting baffle 96 is provided with the adjustable baffle plate 97 be obliquely installed, adjustable baffle plate 97 moved or moves down thus change the height and width that regulate pump orifice, to adapt to the cleaning requirement in different cleaning place.
Operating principle of the present invention: the water after high-pressure hydraulic pump 81 supercharging enters distributive pipe 92, ejection is rotated respectively afterwards from multiple rotary nozzle 93, form pressure water jets impact ground, dust is kicked up and water atomization, the foul cemented with ground is departed from ground simultaneously.When land rubber 95 be close on road surface to be cleaned time, the airtight space formed between the suction chamber 94 of suction base 91 inside and road surface, by vacuum negative pressure device 2, rubbish, dust, water smoke, booty etc. are pumped into storage bin 4, complete road cleaning work.
The disc brush of having any different in traditional road sweeper is swept the floor and is subtracted dirt with fan nozzle water spray again, and the present invention utilizes in airtight space, with 250bar super-pressure columnar water jet flow cleaning ground, airborne dust and water smoke combine, taken away by negative pressure together with booty, cleaning is efficient, fast, cleaning capacity is strong.

Claims (5)

1. the pavement cleaning vehicle of a vacuum draw and high-pressure water jet combination, it comprises vehicle chassis and is arranged on vacuum negative pressure device, filter, storage bin and the suction hose on vehicle chassis, described filter is communicated with storage bin with vacuum negative pressure device respectively by the passage be located on vehicle chassis, one end of described suction hose is communicated with storage bin, it is characterized in that: described pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the water tank be located on vehicle chassis, high pressure water system and cleaning main body, described water tank is communicated with the water inlet end of high pressure water system
Described cleaning main body comprises suction base, distributive pipe and multiple rotary nozzle, described suction base is connected to the afterbody of vehicle chassis by apparatus for adjusting position, described apparatus for adjusting position regulates the locus of suction base automatically, suction chamber is provided with in described suction base, the bottom of suction chamber is pump orifice, the top of suction chamber is communicated with the other end of suction hose, described rotary nozzle is located on suction base, and rotary nozzle delivery port extends as in suction chamber, one end of described distributive pipe is communicated with the water side of high pressure water system, the other end of distributive pipe is communicated with the water inlet end of each rotary nozzle, the bottom surface of described suction base is provided with lands rubber, lands rubber and road surface when being adjacent to, the airtight space formed between the suction chamber of suction chassis interior and road surface.
2. the pavement cleaning vehicle of a kind of vacuum draw according to claim 1 and high-pressure water jet combination, it is characterized in that: described pavement cleaning vehicle also comprises the apparatus for treating sewage be located on vehicle chassis, the side of described water tank is communicated with storage bin by apparatus for treating sewage, material to be pumped enters after in storage bin, and the moisture in material to be pumped enters in water tank after apparatus for treating sewage filters.
3. the pavement cleaning vehicle of a kind of vacuum draw according to claim 1 and high-pressure water jet combination, it is characterized in that: described high pressure water system comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump, water inlet pipe, outlet pipe and bleed off pipe, one end of described water inlet pipe is communicated with water tank, the other end of water inlet pipe is communicated with the water inlet of high-pressure hydraulic pump, one end of described outlet pipe is communicated with the delivery port of high-pressure hydraulic pump, the other end of outlet pipe is communicated with distributive pipe, one end of described bleed off pipe is communicated with water tank, and the other end of bleed off pipe is communicated with the overfall of high-pressure hydraulic pump by overflow valve; Described high-pressure hydraulic pump is by hydraulic motor or motor driving work.
4. the pavement cleaning vehicle of a kind of vacuum draw according to claim 1 and high-pressure water jet combination, it is characterized in that: described apparatus for adjusting position comprises base, sideslip oil cylinder, cross sliding rail and traversing slide, described base is fixed on the afterbody of vehicle chassis, described cross sliding rail is located on base, described traversing slide is slidably connected on cross sliding rail, and is slided on cross sliding rail by sideslip oil cylinder driving; Described traversing slide is provided with lifting slide rail, and described lifting slide rail is provided with lifting slide, and lifting slide is driven by elevating ram and slides on lifting slide rail; Described lifting slide is connected with suction base by quadrilateral connecting rod mechanism.
5. the pavement cleaning vehicle of a kind of vacuum draw according to claim 1 and high-pressure water jet combination, it is characterized in that: in the suction chamber of described suction base, corresponding pump orifice place is provided with slanting baffle, described slanting baffle is provided with the adjustable baffle plate be obliquely installed, and adjustable baffle plate is moved or moves down thus change the height and width that regulate pump orifice.
CN201510933317.5A 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Vacuum suction and high-pressure water jet combined road sweeper Pending CN105350484A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908662A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-31 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Mining pumping and spraying integrated vehicle
CN106638424A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-05-10 福建海山机械股份有限公司 High-pressure jet cleaning device and road pollution removing vehicle
CN109797692A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-05-24 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of Split rotary bath suction unit
CN109853440A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-06-07 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of efficient rotation bath suction unit
CN111395235A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-10 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional sanitation vehicle

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050268425A1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2005-12-08 Clemons William E Sr Surface cleaner
KR20070064943A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-06-22 태륭건설(주) Apparatus for removing extraneous matter on floor
WO2007087200A2 (en) * 2006-01-20 2007-08-02 Shea James P Material-removal system including a fluid-blasting, spray-head assembly
CN101333803A (en) * 2008-07-14 2008-12-31 马汝华 Road sweeper and sweeping method thereof
CN202672082U (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-16 北京市西杰物业管理服务中心 Sewage-suction truck
CN203080463U (en) * 2013-03-01 2013-07-24 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Road sweeper and suction nozzle thereof
CN103628439A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-12 江苏大学 Ultra-high pressure water jet cleaning device for intelligently removing zebra stripes
CN205223946U (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-11 福建海山机械股份有限公司 Road surface motor sweeper that vacuum suction and high -pressure water jet combine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050268425A1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2005-12-08 Clemons William E Sr Surface cleaner
KR20070064943A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-06-22 태륭건설(주) Apparatus for removing extraneous matter on floor
WO2007087200A2 (en) * 2006-01-20 2007-08-02 Shea James P Material-removal system including a fluid-blasting, spray-head assembly
CN101333803A (en) * 2008-07-14 2008-12-31 马汝华 Road sweeper and sweeping method thereof
CN202672082U (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-16 北京市西杰物业管理服务中心 Sewage-suction truck
CN203080463U (en) * 2013-03-01 2013-07-24 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Road sweeper and suction nozzle thereof
CN103628439A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-12 江苏大学 Ultra-high pressure water jet cleaning device for intelligently removing zebra stripes
CN205223946U (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-11 福建海山机械股份有限公司 Road surface motor sweeper that vacuum suction and high -pressure water jet combine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908662A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-31 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Mining pumping and spraying integrated vehicle
CN105908662B (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-05-17 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Mining pumping and spraying integrated vehicle
CN106638424A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-05-10 福建海山机械股份有限公司 High-pressure jet cleaning device and road pollution removing vehicle
CN109797692A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-05-24 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of Split rotary bath suction unit
CN109853440A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-06-07 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of efficient rotation bath suction unit
CN111395235A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-10 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional sanitation vehicle

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Application publication date: 20160224

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