CN105330230A - Resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile - Google Patents

Resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105330230A
CN105330230A CN201510723217.XA CN201510723217A CN105330230A CN 105330230 A CN105330230 A CN 105330230A CN 201510723217 A CN201510723217 A CN 201510723217A CN 105330230 A CN105330230 A CN 105330230A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
parts
sand
minutes
floor tile
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Pending
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CN201510723217.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高翠莲
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Hefei Zhengtuo Decoration Materials Co Ltd
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Hefei Zhengtuo Decoration Materials Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510723217.XA priority Critical patent/CN105330230A/en
Publication of CN105330230A publication Critical patent/CN105330230A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile. The resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile is prepared from, by weight, 50-53 parts of desert sand, 4-5 parts of thermoplasticity phenolic resin, 0.6-0.7 part of urotropin, 0.2-0.22 part of calcium stearate, an adequate amount of water, 42-45 parts of portland cement of which the mark number is 42.5, 155-160 parts of municipal waste incineration residues, 20-22 parts of black corundum, 1-1.2 parts of gamma-aminopropyl triethoxy silane, 5-6 parts of wood sawdust, 3-3.5 parts of waterborne polyurethane emulsion, 5-6 parts of flyash and 0.7-0.8 part of polycarboxylate superplasticizer. According to the resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile, the wood sawdust is added in surface materials, a porous structure is obtained through carbonization, the porosity of the surface materials is further increased, and the effects of sound absorption and noise reduction are improved; the water-permeable floor tile is made by adopting a sintering-free forming process, energy saving and consumption reducing are achieved, and the product is high in stability, compressive strength and coefficient of water permeability.

Description

The compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of a kind of resin cement
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material technical field, particularly relate to the compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of a kind of resin cement.
Background technology
Along with the aggravation of Development of Urbanization speed, urban surface progressively cover by the water preventing ability such as buildings and various concrete material, waterproof regional percentage is significantly increasing, and its fraction of coverage of some areas is more than 80%.Due to city drainability worse and worse, many cities one run into heavy rain, and its rainwater on road surface cannot seepage fast, is easy to cause urban waterlogging.Therefore, for solving urban surface sclerosis problem, build high-quality natural living environment, safeguard balance of city ecosystem, the building material product-water-permeable brick of environmental protection arises at the historic moment, and is developed rapidly.
At present, common on market water-permeable brick mainly contains concrete permeable brick, ceramic water-permeable brick, sand base water-permeable brick etc.And the raw material that ceramic water-permeable brick is commonly used mainly contains phase red mud for many years, gold tailings, flyash, glazed ceramic, concrete etc.And the water-permeable brick prepared by these raw materials generally all needs the high temperature sintering through 1000-1400 DEG C, waste fossil oil, and produce industrial gaseous waste and cause topsoil.Sand base water-permeable brick is the novel water permeable brick grown up in recent years, with the drift-sand in desert for aggregate.Because sand base water-permeable brick emerges just trivial several years, extensive use is not also formed, and does not more further investigate the benefit that it produces.Store a large amount of drift-sand resources in desert, these drift-sands have the advantages that particle is tiny, water ratio is low, for development sand base water-permeable brick provides cheap starting material.From the angle of research, development and the performance analysis work of carrying out sand base water-permeable brick are conducive to improving China's water-permeable brick research system, and play and promote that sand base water-permeable brick is applied; From the angle of city ecology construction, be conducive to advancing Application of Urban Rain Water paces, alleviate the situation of city water resource scarcity; From the angle of desert treatment, be conducive to alleviating Desertification, and bring huge social economy and ecological benefits.As can be seen here, the research carrying out sand base water-permeable brick has major and immediate significance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly the defect in order to make up prior art, provides a kind of resin cement compound non-sintered pervious floor tile.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of a kind of resin cement, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: Desert Sand 50-53, novolac resin 4-5, urotropine 0.6-0.7, calcium stearate 0.2-0.22, water are appropriate, label is 42.5 silicate cement 42-45, dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage 155-160, black corundum 20-22, γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane 1-1.2, wood sawdust 5-6, aqueous polyurethane emulsion 3-3.5, flyash 5-6, polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.7-0.8.
The compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of described a kind of resin cement, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) Desert Sand is washed post-drying and obtain baked sand, baked sand is put into fluidizing furnace, heating makes the temperature of baked sand rise to 160 DEG C, then baked sand is shifted in sand mill, keep constant temperature 160 DEG C, slowly novolac resin is added while mixed grind, mixed grind slowly adds the urotropine being dissolved in 10 times of water gagings in 80 seconds afterwards, continue mixed grind 60 seconds, when being blown into cold front heavy rain to 100 DEG C afterwards, add calcium stearate equably, mixed 30 seconds, shake out in crusher, air-cooled to fragmentation when 35 DEG C, cross 30 mesh sieves, obtain overlay film Desert Sand;
(2) wood sawdust is sent in charring furnace, at 550 DEG C, carbonize process 3 hours, coldly go rear taking-up, be ground into powder, cross 200 mesh sieves stand-by, γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane is dissolved in the water of 3 times amount, mixes with aqueous polyurethane emulsion after stirring, add the sawdust powder after above-mentioned charing, after stirring 20 minutes with the speed of 300 revs/min, add the overlay film Desert Sand that step (1) obtains, send in mixer, stir 30 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain skin-material;
(3) dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage being put into crusher, to be broken into particle diameter be that the particle of 3-5mm is stand-by; Flyash, black corundum are put into ball mill ball milling is the silicate cement of 42.5 with label after 60 minutes, above-mentioned slag mixes, put into the water adding total amount 10% after stirrer stirs 5 minutes with the speed of 800 revs/min and continue stirring 3 minutes, then all the other remaining components are added, continue to stir 10 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain primer;
(4) primer is poured in mould, jolt ramming primer flattening surface, again skin-material is poured in mould, in the pressure system of 3MPa after 15 minutes after jolt ramming, freeze-day with constant temperature 48 hours at 25 DEG C, puts into standard concrete curing box maintenance 21 days and get final product on request by brick body after the demoulding.
Advantage of the present invention is: first the present invention carries out the process of coating thermoplastic resol to baked sand, obtain overlay film Desert Sand, the compositions such as tackiness agent are coordinated to make skin-material, give the permeable hole that water-permeable brick top layer is small, the macropore improving concrete brick body, easily by the shortcoming that mud blocks, also enhances aesthetic property; Coordinate the application of bottom concrete material, improve intensity and the water-permeable of brick body, and not only reduce production cost, also solve the environmental protection object of desert improvement.
The present invention also with the addition of wood sawdust in manufacture skin-material, is obtained the structure of porous, improve the porosity of skin-material further by charing, improves the effect of absorbing sound and lowering noise; In primer, adopt dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage, macrobead coarse aggregate can reach good water-permeable, and Environmental Safety; The pervious floor tile that the present invention makes adopts non-sintered moulding process, energy-saving and cost-reducing, and product stability is high, ultimate compression strength is high, and coefficient of permeability is high.
Embodiment
The compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of a kind of resin cement, is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): Desert Sand 50, novolac resin 4, urotropine 0.6, calcium stearate 0.2, water are appropriate, label is 42.5 silicate cement 42, dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage 155, black corundum 20, γ aminopropyl triethoxysilane 1, wood sawdust 5, aqueous polyurethane emulsion 3, flyash 5, polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.7.
The compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of described a kind of resin cement, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) Desert Sand is washed post-drying and obtain baked sand, baked sand is put into fluidizing furnace, heating makes the temperature of baked sand rise to 160 DEG C, then baked sand is shifted in sand mill, keep constant temperature 160 DEG C, slowly novolac resin is added while mixed grind, mixed grind slowly adds the urotropine being dissolved in 10 times of water gagings in 80 seconds afterwards, continue mixed grind 60 seconds, when being blown into cold front heavy rain to 100 DEG C afterwards, add calcium stearate equably, mixed 30 seconds, shake out in crusher, air-cooled to fragmentation when 35 DEG C, cross 30 mesh sieves, obtain overlay film Desert Sand;
(2) wood sawdust is sent in charring furnace, at 550 DEG C, carbonize process 3 hours, coldly go rear taking-up, be ground into powder, cross 200 mesh sieves stand-by, γ aminopropyl triethoxysilane is dissolved in the water of 3 times amount, mixes with aqueous polyurethane emulsion after stirring, add the sawdust powder after above-mentioned charing, after stirring 20 minutes with the speed of 300 revs/min, add the overlay film Desert Sand that step (1) obtains, send in mixer, stir 30 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain skin-material;
(3) dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage being put into crusher, to be broken into particle diameter be that the particle of 3mm is stand-by; Flyash, black corundum are put into ball mill ball milling is the silicate cement of 42.5 with label after 60 minutes, above-mentioned slag mixes, put into the water adding total amount 10% after stirrer stirs 5 minutes with the speed of 800 revs/min and continue stirring 3 minutes, then all the other remaining components are added, continue to stir 10 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain primer;
(4) primer is poured in mould, jolt ramming primer flattening surface, again skin-material is poured in mould, in the pressure system of 3MPa after 15 minutes after jolt ramming, freeze-day with constant temperature 48 hours at 25 DEG C, puts into standard concrete curing box maintenance 21 days and get final product on request by brick body after the demoulding.
Carry out properties test to the pervious floor tile that the embodiment of the present invention is made, water-retentivity is greater than 0.6g/cm 2, coefficient of permeability is 2.35 × 10 -2cm/s, bending strength is 48.5MPa, and 25 freeze-thaw cycle ultimate compression strength losses are less than 20%, meet industry standard.

Claims (2)

1. the compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of resin cement, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: Desert Sand 50-53, novolac resin 4-5, urotropine 0.6-0.7, calcium stearate 0.2-0.22, water are appropriate, label is 42.5 silicate cement 42-45, dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage 155-160, black corundum 20-22, γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane 1-1.2, wood sawdust 5-6, aqueous polyurethane emulsion 3-3.5, flyash 5-6, polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.7-0.8.
2. the compound non-sintered pervious floor tile of a kind of resin cement according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) Desert Sand is washed post-drying and obtain baked sand, baked sand is put into fluidizing furnace, heating makes the temperature of baked sand rise to 160 DEG C, then baked sand is shifted in sand mill, keep constant temperature 160 DEG C, slowly novolac resin is added while mixed grind, mixed grind slowly adds the urotropine being dissolved in 10 times of water gagings in 80 seconds afterwards, continue mixed grind 60 seconds, when being blown into cold front heavy rain to 100 DEG C afterwards, add calcium stearate equably, mixed 30 seconds, shake out in crusher, air-cooled to fragmentation when 35 DEG C, cross 30 mesh sieves, obtain overlay film Desert Sand;
(2) wood sawdust is sent in charring furnace, at 550 DEG C, carbonize process 3 hours, coldly go rear taking-up, be ground into powder, cross 200 mesh sieves stand-by, γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane is dissolved in the water of 3 times amount, mixes with aqueous polyurethane emulsion after stirring, add the sawdust powder after above-mentioned charing, after stirring 20 minutes with the speed of 300 revs/min, add the overlay film Desert Sand that step (1) obtains, send in mixer, stir 30 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain skin-material;
(3) dregs of incinerator for municipal garbage being put into crusher, to be broken into particle diameter be that the particle of 3-5mm is stand-by; Flyash, black corundum are put into ball mill ball milling is the silicate cement of 42.5 with label after 60 minutes, above-mentioned slag mixes, put into the water adding total amount 10% after stirrer stirs 5 minutes with the speed of 800 revs/min and continue stirring 3 minutes, then all the other remaining components are added, continue to stir 10 minutes with the speed of 600 revs/min, obtain primer;
(4) primer is poured in mould, jolt ramming primer flattening surface, again skin-material is poured in mould, in the pressure system of 3MPa after 15 minutes after jolt ramming, freeze-day with constant temperature 48 hours at 25 DEG C, puts into standard concrete curing box maintenance 21 days and get final product on request by brick body after the demoulding.
CN201510723217.XA 2015-10-29 2015-10-29 Resin-cement composite non-sintered water-permeable floor tile Pending CN105330230A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105801061A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-27 吉林伟德墙体材料有限公司 Special master batch of high-water-permeability floor brick
CN106747569A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-05-31 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 A kind of baking-free water-permeable brick that can quickly go to degrease and preparation method thereof
CN106977134A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-07-25 同济大学 A kind of microcapsules water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN107060185A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-08-18 徐达 A kind of flower-shape flame-retardant decorative wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN108151026A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-12 修武永乐新能源环保设备有限公司 A kind of processing unit and technique of HW18 incineration disposals residue

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101249545A (en) * 2008-04-03 2008-08-27 天津市雅步新技术有限公司 Non-phenols overlay film sand and producing method thereof
CN201981461U (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-21 韶关学院 Structural gradient type composite pervious brick
CN102503201A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-06-20 李国辉 Pre-coated sand, preparation method thereof and composite water permeable brick
CN103964750A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-06 安徽依采妮纤维材料科技有限公司 Novel fireproof non-toxic sound-absorbing board and preparation method thereof
CN104326704A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-02-04 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 Nano calcium carbonate sound-absorbing light-weight partition board and manufacturing method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101249545A (en) * 2008-04-03 2008-08-27 天津市雅步新技术有限公司 Non-phenols overlay film sand and producing method thereof
CN201981461U (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-21 韶关学院 Structural gradient type composite pervious brick
CN102503201A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-06-20 李国辉 Pre-coated sand, preparation method thereof and composite water permeable brick
CN103964750A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-06 安徽依采妮纤维材料科技有限公司 Novel fireproof non-toxic sound-absorbing board and preparation method thereof
CN104326704A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-02-04 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 Nano calcium carbonate sound-absorbing light-weight partition board and manufacturing method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105801061A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-27 吉林伟德墙体材料有限公司 Special master batch of high-water-permeability floor brick
CN106747569A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-05-31 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 A kind of baking-free water-permeable brick that can quickly go to degrease and preparation method thereof
CN106977134A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-07-25 同济大学 A kind of microcapsules water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN106977134B (en) * 2017-04-17 2019-08-06 同济大学 A kind of microcapsules water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN107060185A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-08-18 徐达 A kind of flower-shape flame-retardant decorative wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN108151026A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-12 修武永乐新能源环保设备有限公司 A kind of processing unit and technique of HW18 incineration disposals residue

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Application publication date: 20160217

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