CN105297897A - Super high-rise large-span large-area prefabricated integrated steel grid box-type bundled tube and bundled tube-in-tube structure and manufacturing method - Google Patents

Super high-rise large-span large-area prefabricated integrated steel grid box-type bundled tube and bundled tube-in-tube structure and manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105297897A
CN105297897A CN201410238633.6A CN201410238633A CN105297897A CN 105297897 A CN105297897 A CN 105297897A CN 201410238633 A CN201410238633 A CN 201410238633A CN 105297897 A CN105297897 A CN 105297897A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tong
area
unit
building
grid
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CN201410238633.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马克俭
陈靖
田啟良
吴刚
吴聚龙
唐敦洲
陈志鹏
曾勇
曾垂武
朱方正
马华
张华刚
肖建春
金鑫
Original Assignee
南京中建化工设备制造有限公司
东南大学
贵州大学
湖南金海钢结构股份有限公司
贵州汇通申发钢结构股份有限公司
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Application filed by 南京中建化工设备制造有限公司, 东南大学, 贵州大学, 湖南金海钢结构股份有限公司, 贵州汇通申发钢结构股份有限公司 filed Critical 南京中建化工设备制造有限公司
Priority to CN201410238633.6A priority Critical patent/CN105297897A/en
Publication of CN105297897A publication Critical patent/CN105297897A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a super high-rise large-span large-area prefabricated integrated steel mesh box-type bundled tube and bundled tube-in-tube structure and a manufacturing method, in particular to a high-rise (100 m<H</=1000 m) large-area prefabricated integrated spatial steel grid box-type structure, having a non-column area A1 of each unit: A1=(400 m<2>-1296 m<2>) and a central independent column or tube area A2 of each unit in each floor: A2=4A1=(1600 m<2>-5184 m<2>) and a large span L1: L1=(20 m-36 m). In figures, around a mounting unit (1600 m<2>-5184 m<2>) of the type of super high-rise area prefabricated integrated spatial box-type structure, firefighting, traffic and fire-fighting area are provided, a super high-rise (66 floored to 120 floored) spatial steel grid box-type structure having a floor height of 3.6 m can be constructed and a building area can be up to 105600 m<2>-622000 m<2>; a building area (133 floored to 240 floored) can be built (up to 851200 m<2>-4977000 m<2>) by a combination of four in the figure on the right; a super high-rise (200 floored to 360 floored) super-large area (2880000 m<2>-16800000 m<2>) can be built by a combination of nine, that is to say a design of a single building for a city is truly formed.

Description

Tong structure and preparation method in Super High large span large area assembled integral steel lattice boxlike bunchy Tong and bunchy Tong
The present invention relates to a kind of assembled integral Steel Space grid box structure unit, adopt these unit (4 or 9) to form every layer of large area, large span Super High new spatial steel lattice boxlike " in Tong Tong " and " in bunchy Tong Tong " structure.
Background technology
Along with urban architecture high speed development, in order to Economization on land promotes urban ecology civilization, building is to large area, high-rise and super highrise building develops, but architectural structure system still rests on conventional framework, frame one Tong and " in Tong Tong " structural system, as its post net spacing of this type of conventional structure system between (6m ~ 12m), and require restriction by " having wall to have beam ", therefore do to divide room less than large space Multifunctional flexible, limit to its multifunctional application, also do less than large span, as certain layer in the middle of building will be done to perform hall, basketball, the application such as volleyball court, also can not realize, thus restrict the application of its multifunctional comprehensive, conventional Vierendeel girder accounts for floor certain altitude, during as L=12m, i section steel beam adopts H1000 × 400 × 10 × 18, the equipment such as air-conditioner pipe account for highly (500 ~ 600), superstructure thickness accounts for floor height more than 1/4, even if floor typical floor area is done very large, because limiting by post net, also difficulty accomplishes integrated application, from domestic and international built super highrise building analysis, every super highrise building area is generally between more than ten ten thousand square metres to more than 30 ten thousand square metres, can not apply by multifunctional comprehensive again in every layer of architectural plane, therefore existing conventional structure system is adopted, can not realize a building reaches millions of to more than ten million square metre, do not reach a building, namely be one little, the imagination in medium-sized city.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the blocking of assembled integral Steel Space grid box structure, as Fig. 1, elementary cell shown in Fig. 2, the transversary of unit is assembled integral Steel Space grid open-spandrel sandwich board (Fig. 3), its periphery vertical structure is also assembled integral steel mesh form wall stand (Fig. 4), its unit centre is established assembling quadrate steel pipe column (Fig. 1) or is arranged steel and reinforced concrete stairs and elevator, the every one deck boxlike unit of piping shaft (Fig. 2), it is shaped to the grid type box that horizontal and vertical grid forms, as shown in Figure 5, its laterally on an empty stomach grid superstructure with grid type steel wall stand in the orthogonal connection in floor place (Fig. 6), this type of grid type boxlike elementary cell (Fig. 5) layer upon layer upwards superposes, namely Steel Space grid boxlike high-rise structural system is formed, be referred to as Super High grid type list Tong structure, as shown in Figure 7.Single Tong structural plan peripheral size L shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 7 1=20m, 25m, 30m, 36m, then L 2(width B)=40m, 50m, 60m, 72m, each layer of area A 1be respectively 1600m 2, 2500m 2, 3600m 2and 5184m 2, the ratio of the height (H) wide (B) of high-rise grid Tong structure, during H/B=5, i.e. B=L 2when=40m, 50m, 60m, 72m, single space lattice Tong structure height can reach H=200m, 250m, 300m, 360m, by average floor height h=4.2m, this single space lattice Tong can build-up layers number be respectively n=47 layer, 59 layers, 71 layers, 85 layers, by peripheral size L 2=72m calculates, and building area reaches 85 × 5184=440640m 2, this element four is combined, during H/B=5, H=5 × 144m=720m, its number of plies n=720m/4.2m=171 layer, building area A=171 × 20736m 2=3545856m 2=354.58 ten thousand m 2(Fig. 9).
When the central authorities of space lattice box structure arrange fire ladder, when elevator and hoistway, central part post replaces (Fig. 2) by Tong body structure and is referred to as assembled integral Steel Space grid boxlike II type unit, as Fig. 2, shown in 8, its centre Tong body structure replaces steel column, i.e. boxlike II type block construction system, be Tong structure (Fig. 2 and Fig. 8) in Tong by single Tong structural change, while its anti-side rigidity increases substantially, due to by fire-fighting, elevators etc. are arranged at unit central authorities, both the requirement of large area building function had been met in each cellar area, building area several times can be made again to increase.As 4 unit combination (L of Fig. 9 1=30m, L 2=60m, 2 × L 2=120m), height overall H=600m can be built.Number of plies n=142 layer, building area 204.48 ten thousand m 2, in this building, account for area 20m per capita 2calculate, this building can hold urban population 10.22 ten thousand people, uses this element (L equally 1=36m, L 2=72m) expand 9 times, as shown in Figure 10, Zhou Bianchang 216m, every layer of building area 216m × 216m=46656m 2, calculate by depth-width ratio H/B=5, the building of this nine unit combination, building height overall H=5 × 216m=1080m, still presses floor height h=4.2m and calculates, can build-up layers number n=1080/4.2=257 layer, and this gross floor area reaches 11,990,000 m 2, still by accounting for usable floor area 20m per capita 2calculate, this building population capacity 59.95 ten thousand population.On the soil of building area only 87.5 mu (containing traffic, greening, fire-fighting area), account for soil 0.097m per capita 2.Namely reach a building is a small and medium cities requirement.The building city in this type of future, still be unable to do without sunlight, air, water, electricity, greening, and space lattice box structure, at every layer of 46656m 22.769m × 2.769m=7.7m is had in area 2square net 5184 (40,000 m 2), and the every one deck of superstructure is on an empty stomach (Fig. 3), and the water of building, warm, electric facility all can be arranged on an empty stomach, thus make a megaplex form a medium and small city.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1: Super High large area, large span assembled integral steel lattice boxlike " bunchy Tong " element of construction plan view (periphery establishes fire-fighting hoistway, elevator etc.);
Accompanying drawing 2: Super High large area, large span assembled integral steel lattice boxlike " in bunchy Tong Tong " element of construction plan view (fire-fighting hoistway, elevator are in middle);
Accompanying drawing 3: the profile construction (L of the assembled integral steel hollow floor system of Steel Space grid boxlike " bunchy Tong " and " in bunchy Tong Tong " structure 1=36m, L 2=72m etc.);
Accompanying drawing 4: assembled integral Steel Space grid box structure wall stand stress and strain model schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 5: Steel Space grid box structure axle measures intention, i.e. first floor grid boxlike unit figure;
Accompanying drawing 6: its horizontal steel hollow floor system grid of space lattice box structure and the orthogonal connecting axle mapping of its vertical single layer mesh wall stand;
The box structure unit layer upon layer of accompanying drawing 7: Fig. 5 upwards superposes the axle forming high-rise and Super High Steel Space grid box structure and measures intention;
Accompanying drawing 8: the Tong body structure that its central part of Steel Space grid box structure unit is formed with fire-fighting, hoistway, elevator etc. replaces central quadrate steel pipe column, forms II type unit " in Tong Tong " schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 9: Super High " in bunchy Tong Tong " the structural floor floor map be made up of four II shaped steel grid boxlike unit;
Accompanying drawing 10: form Super High " in bunchy Tong Tong " structural floor floor map by nine II shaped steel grid boxlike unit.
Detailed description of the invention
By Fig. 1, Fig. 2 space lattice boxlike unit decomposition two large divisions, namely the supporting system (post or shear wall and Tong body) of central authorities at the scene layering make, periphery transverse direction and vertical steel grid wall stand, be divided into grid cell and transport building site in factory floor making, at the scene with high-strength bolt connection for entirety, as Fig. 3, the transverse direction of Fig. 4 and vertical grid, at every orthogonal connection (Fig. 5 in first floor lid place, Fig. 6), forming every one deck is a Steel Space grid box structure unit, its profile is as same square space box (Fig. 5), the space lattice box layer upon layer of every one deck is upwards superposed, namely high level as shown in Figure 7 and Super High Steel Space grid boxlike " Tong body " and " in Tong Tong " monomer structure is formed.When the building area needed is very large, and span also large time, the type of II shown in Fig. 2 space lattice boxlike unit can be carried out tetrad or nine one group, as namely Fig. 9, Figure 10 form Super High, large area, large span space steel lattice boxlike " in bunchy Tong Tong " new structural systen.This Novel box-type structural system, can realize the imagination that a building is exactly a city.Namely its area of building reaches 1,199 ten thousand m 2, press Accounting 20m per capita 2calculate, building population capacity 59.95 ten thousand people.

Claims (5)

1. assembled integral Steel Space grid boxlike " bunchy Tong " structure and " in bunchy Tong Tong " structural system, the building area of every floor can reach (14400m 2~ 46656m 2) thus formation one can hold (150,000 ~ 600,000) medium-sized city of population.
2. assembled integral Steel Space grid boxlike " bunchy Tong " structure and " in bunchy Tong Tong " structure, they are made up of assembled integral space lattice boxlike unit and four or nine boxlike unit, thus form the super highrise building that hypervelocity (100m<H≤1080m) number of plies reaches 257 layers.
3. this kind of Super High, large area, large span new spatial grid box structure, its laterally empty stomach grid superstructure is the same with other space lattice box structure patents with vertical grid wall stand, be plant-manufactured grid cell, adopt high strength exploitation at the construction field (site), form Tong unit in large space grid boxlike Tong body unit and Tong, its each unit span L 1=20m ~ 36m, unit length of side L 2=40m ~ 72m, each unit building capping is long-pending can reach (1600m 2~ 5184m 2), freely can divide the room required for building function in this superstructure area.
4. this kind of new spatial steel lattice boxlike " bunchy Tong " and " in bunchy Tong Tong " structure, meeting under existing " high-level structure specification " condition, when the ratio of its height (H) wide (B) is 5, the number of plies of its construction level (h=4.2m) can reach 257 layers, and its building general height can reach 1080m.
5. adopt assembled integral Steel Space grid box structure unit, composition space lattice boxlike " bunchy Tong " and " in bunchy Tong Tong " new structural system, can make one build namely be a city imagination realize, thus saving urban built-up land, promote Ecological Civilization Construction, reach the realization of Economic Growth Mode Transformation.
CN201410238633.6A 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Super high-rise large-span large-area prefabricated integrated steel grid box-type bundled tube and bundled tube-in-tube structure and manufacturing method CN105297897A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418382A (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-04-18 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Profile steel space lattice assembly integrated box-type structure for small high-rise energy-saving residential building
CN102635243A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-15 唐山建华工程质量检测有限公司 Method for constructing high-rise residential building with assembled integrated spatial steel grid box type structure
CN102635163A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-15 唐山建华工程质量检测有限公司 Assembled monolithic multilayer long-span bidirectional multi-span building with space steel grid box-type structures
CN102704569A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-10-03 湖南大学 Multilayer large-span assembling integral type space steel grid building structure and manufacturing method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418382A (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-04-18 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Profile steel space lattice assembly integrated box-type structure for small high-rise energy-saving residential building
CN102635243A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-15 唐山建华工程质量检测有限公司 Method for constructing high-rise residential building with assembled integrated spatial steel grid box type structure
CN102635163A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-15 唐山建华工程质量检测有限公司 Assembled monolithic multilayer long-span bidirectional multi-span building with space steel grid box-type structures
CN102704569A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-10-03 湖南大学 Multilayer large-span assembling integral type space steel grid building structure and manufacturing method

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