CN105290783A - Assembling method for glass testing through air cylinder hammer with worm gear rotary table and threaded lock pins - Google Patents

Assembling method for glass testing through air cylinder hammer with worm gear rotary table and threaded lock pins Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105290783A
CN105290783A CN201510843077.XA CN201510843077A CN105290783A CN 105290783 A CN105290783 A CN 105290783A CN 201510843077 A CN201510843077 A CN 201510843077A CN 105290783 A CN105290783 A CN 105290783A
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
pearl seat
hole
platen
frame
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CN201510843077.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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孙冬兰
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510843077.XA priority Critical patent/CN105290783A/en
Publication of CN105290783A publication Critical patent/CN105290783A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/002Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units stationary whilst being composed
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/30Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying a single impulsive force, e.g. by falling weight
    • G01N3/307Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying a single impulsive force, e.g. by falling weight generated by a compressed or tensile-stressed spring; generated by pneumatic or hydraulic means

Abstract

The invention relates to an assembling method for a glass testing hammer, in particular to an assembling method for glass testing through an air cylinder hammer with a worm gear rotary table and threaded lock pins. According to an improvement, the method for glass testing includes the following assembling and operation steps that firstly, sliding balls are mounted in ball seat stepped holes in a sliding plate lower plane; secondly, clamping plate portions and sliding plate portions on wheel coplanar clamping plates are assembled; and thirdly, entire assembling is carried out, the height of a height locating ring is adjusted so that when an air cylinder piston rod operates to the lowest position, an impact hammer conical tip can right make contact with a tempered glass plate fixed to a testing platen, an impact frame square hole in an impactor rack is in sliding fit with an impact cross bar, an air inlet and outlet pipe upper connector and an air inlet and outlet pipe lower connector are each connected with a high-pressure air pipe, and the high-pressure air pipes are connected to a high-pressure air source control system. An air cylinder impactor can be conveniently and remotely connected to an air pressure power source control room, and thus the dangerous step of breaking up the tempered glass plate is controlled remotely, and onsite operators are prevented from being injured by accidental splashing at the moment of glass breaking.

Description

Application worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer detects glass assemblies method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the assemble method that glass detects hammer, particularly relating to so a kind of clamping plate surrounding can zoom in or out, and the application worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer utilizing turning workbench to carry out tested glass performance indications detects glass assemblies method.
Background technology
Fragmentation test is a kind of major way detecting tempered glass quality, according to national standard requirement, fragment after the fragmentation of the safety glass that 3mm is thick in any 50*50mm should be greater than 30, fragment after the fragmentation of the safety glass that 4mm ~ 12mm is thick in any 50*50mm should be greater than 40, allowed a small amount of strip fragment, its length is no more than 75mm.The trend of strip fragment and glass edge should be almost parallel, and as not parallel, angle can not more than 45 degree, if having one not up to standard, be substandard product.
Existing safety glass fragmentation test method is freely lain on testing stand by safety glass sample, and retrain glass periphery by adhesive tape or other modes, or cover thin film on safety glass, splashes to prevent glass fragment.The position of distance periphery about 20mm on the longest edge center line of sample, be that the pane hammer of 0.2mm scholar 0.05mm or drift impact with tip curvature radius, making sample broken, is that the fragment number in center of circle radius 75mm circle does not conduct a survey within the scope of product edges 20mm and with shock point.The measure retaining fragment pattern should start after 10s after the blow and terminate in 3min after the blow.This method not only operates inconvenience, spended time is longer, and adhesive tape is disposable product, easily cause waste and pollute, and the tape residue on test platen must be removed clean after each test, could remove clean cullet, otherwise residual chopped glass will affect experiment test operation next time.Simultaneously adhesive tape also has and is burst by safety glass the possibility that strength collapses out, and causing operating personnel injured, therefore, is very necessary to the improvement of safety glass fragmentation test device.
Chinese Patent Application No.: 2009203050079, toughened glass falling sphere test bed, for solving safety glass when testing, glass fragment can be caused everywhere to splash, adopt the way of carriage case, although can effective mobile phone glass fragment, the reading of inconvenient glass fragment, and also the installation effectiveness doing multi-disc safety glass is continuously lower.
Another number of patent application: the 201420595067.X of China, safety glass fragmentation status experimental rig, propose the clamping plate that some brand-new method and measures deal with brittle glass, but cannot accomplish that arbitrary dimension regulates, also cannot accomplish to allow four limit clamping plate all at grade.At least to have in this patent while be cannot contact with experiment work table top.Simultaneously the unsettled barricade 5 that is referred to as in embodiment cannot contact with base 1 together with other three side bumpers wall, has to use catch 4 to make up the space between unsettled barricade 5 and base 1, cause surrounding discontinuity.In addition, catch 4 local width is fixing, polylith can only be adopted to splice, cannot accomplish the consecutive variations of different in width.
Along with expanding economy, glass is more and more extensive in the application of all trades and professions.At present, much important glass component, such as large glass curtain wall and glass zenith, the windshield of aerospace vehicle is all adopt the special glasss such as safety glass, requires very strict, therefore check the performance of glass just to seem more and more important to glass properties.From 1 day May in 2003, China implements mandatory inspection system to automobile, train, architectural safety glass used, and the safety glass product not obtaining Compulsory Certification of Products certificate and do not apply China Compulsory Product Certification mark must not dispatch from the factory, import and sale.
Summary of the invention
For above prior art Problems existing, the present invention installs worm gear Turnover testing platen on integral-rack, being equipped with screw fastening locks solid, particularly also be configured with isoplanar wheel cleat assembly and cylinder impactor, the adjustable design in isoplanar is carried out to clamp plate portion, achieve the safety glass for sizes different size, a kind of worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer can be shared and do safety glass fragmentation test, specific as follows:
Application worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer detects glass assemblies method, integral-rack on described worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer comprises and being made up of the support side plate of both sides and rear shear plate and end shear plate, and in the support side plate described in both sides, plane is all fixed with platen support and lock pin bearing respectively, there is platen rotating shaft test platen both sides, and the platen rotating shaft of both sides is rotatable to be respectively fixed in platen support, and on described rear shear plate, there is plane on rear plate at position, and on rear plate, plane holds lower plane after testboard plate, plane is fixed wtih isoplanar bearing cleat assembly to described test platen, described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly is made up of the wheel isoplanar clamping plate that four physical dimensions are identical, be respectively: clamping plate deckle, the clamping plate left side, on the right of clamping plate opposite side and clamping plate, every wheel isoplanar clamping plate are made up of clamp plate portion and slide plate part, clamping plate deckle is made up of deckle clamp plate portion and deckle slide plate part, the clamping plate left side is made up of left side clamp plate portion and left side slide plate part, clamping plate opposite side is made up of opposite side clamp plate portion and opposite side slide plate part, be made up of the right clamp plate portion and the right slide plate part on the right of clamping plate,
Described test platen both sides vertical plane there is lock pin locating hole; Described lock pin bearing inner hole thread matches with stud lock pin external screw thread, and there is cylinder bulb the stud lock pin termination of both sides, and cylinder bulb can enter in described lock pin locating hole, the support side plate described in described test platen and described both sides is fixed;
Upper connecting rod after pull bar and frame is gone back in before the front upper pull bar of organic frame and frame between support side plate described in both sides, the platen rotating shaft of side is also fixed with transmission worm gear, transmission worm gear worm shaft, worm shaft two ends are rotatable to be respectively fixed in worm bearing, worm bearing is fixed on corresponding support side plate lateral surface, and worm shaft one end also has worm screw crank handle;
In the support side plate of side, plane has impact column, impacts rotatablely on column to be fixed wtih impact cross bar, and impact liftable on column and be fixed wtih altitude location circle, altitude location circle has holding screw, and described impact cross bar in the holder of altitude location circle; Impact slip on cross bar and be fixed wtih cylinder impactor, as improvement: described detection glass assemblies method has following steps:
One, mounting slip ball in the pearl seat stepped hole on slide plate lower plane, adopts following steps:
(1), half in sliding pearl seat is placed in the low temperature chest of subzero 125 degree of Celsius temperature together with the outer half of sliding pearl seat, continues 55 minutes, make to slide half and the rear size of sliding pearl seat outer half cooling in pearl seat and reduce;
(2), first by slide plate lower plane upward, successively half in cunning pearl seat is arranged in pearl seat stepped hole again, the sliding pearl seat lateral surface in the sliding pearl seat in each pearl seat stepped hole in half is made to touch stepped hole plane, when in sliding pearl seat, half returns to normal temperature state, the sliding pearl seat cylindrical in sliding pearl seat in half and have between pearl seat stepped hole 0.04 to 0.06 interference fit;
(3), successively slippage ball to be placed in the sliding pearl seat in each sliding pearl seat in half among circular hole;
(4), successively outer for cunning pearl seat half is arranged in pearl seat stepped hole, make the sliding pearl seat faying face in the outer half of sliding pearl seat touch sliding pearl seat faying face in sliding pearl seat in half, slippage ball rides in the sliding pearl seat internal taper hole in sliding pearl seat in half and slides half outside pearl seat and makes to slide spacing rolling between pearl seat internal taper hole; When the outer half of sliding pearl seat returns to normal temperature state, the sliding pearl seat cylindrical in the outer half of sliding pearl seat and have between pearl seat stepped hole 0.04 to 0.06 interference fit, the sliding pearl seat lateral surface in the outer half of sliding pearl seat and described slide plate lower plane fair;
Two, the clamp plate portion on the clamping plate of wheel isoplanar and slide plate sections fit, adopt following steps:
(1), by rotatable for slippage wheel endoporus be engaged on the outer section cylindrical of pivot pin, make slippage wheel inner side plane against described pivot pin step; Rotated on pivot pin screw by wheel screw, make wheel screw spiral shell brain against described pivot pin outer end, wheel screw spiral shell brain blocks slippage wheel medial plane; Slippage wheel on every wheel isoplanar clamping plate and between the wheel chute on the clamping plate of adjacent wheels isoplanar for being slidably matched;
(2), by the slippage wheel in described deckle slide plate part put among the wheel chute on described left side clamp plate portion, make slippage wheel in described deckle slide plate part with between the wheel chute on described left side clamp plate portion for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel in described left side slide plate part is put among the wheel chute on described opposite side clamp plate portion, make slippage wheel in described left side slide plate part with between the wheel chute on described opposite side clamp plate portion for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel in described opposite side slide plate part is put among the wheel chute on described the right clamp plate portion, make slippage wheel in described opposite side slide plate part with between the wheel chute on described the right clamp plate portion for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel in described opposite side slide plate part is put among the wheel chute on described the right clamp plate portion, make slippage wheel in described opposite side slide plate part with between the wheel chute on described the right clamp plate portion for coordinating by rolling slip;
Three, overall package process:
(1), before frame, after upper connecting rod and frame, upper connecting rod passes through upper through hole after the front upper through hole of frame of both sides and frame respectively, there is pull-rod nut each pull rod stud outer end, and upper connecting rod after upper connecting rod before frame and frame is fastened in described support side plate by four pull-rod nuts; Cullet returnable is overall places downwards from the top of upper connecting rod after upper connecting rod before frame and frame, after making container, upper hook fixedly hangs over the casing tube of tension rod position after frame on upper connecting rod, and the front upper hook of container fixedly hangs over the casing tube of tension rod position before frame on upper connecting rod; Again pull bar in before frame is passed through successively through hole in before the frame of lower draw-bar before the container of lower draw-bar before the container of through hole in before the frame of side, side, the container bin gate Hyatt hole of side, bin gate hook, the container bin gate Hyatt hole of opposite side, opposite side, opposite side, then with two pull-rod nuts, pull bar middle before frame is fastened in described support side plate; Make two spring pins on container bin gate spring prop up container header board and container discharge door respectively, guarantee that container discharge door is in normally off; Cullet returnable entirety is in three axles and supports fixing, firmly stable especially;
(2), stud lock pin external screw thread matches with lock pin bearing inner hole thread, the lock pin bearing of both sides is fixed on locking pin seat screw by four locking pin seat screws respectively, the cylinder bulb of the stud lock pin termination of both sides can enter in the lock pin locating hole of test platen both sides, the support side plate described in described test platen and described both sides is fixed; The platen rotating shaft of described test platen both sides coordinates with platen support endoporus is rotatable, and the platen support of both sides is fixed on platen seat screw by four bearing screws respectively;
(3), by worm gear flat key be placed in the rotating shaft keyway in rotating shaft worm gear section, transmission worm gear endoporus is placed in rotating shaft worm gear section, transmission worm gear endoporus also has keyway hold the outstanding position of worm gear flat key; On the shaft thread of rotating shaft worm gear section outer end, threaded engagement screws on drive nut, and transmission worm gear is fastened in the rotating shaft worm gear section in platen rotating shaft by drive nut;
(4), described test platen there is Boards wall screw, in described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly at least one clamp plate portion limit chi on plane has clamping plate step through-hole, sunk screw passes through described clamping plate step through-hole and matches with described Boards wall screw, and isoplanar wheel cleat assembly is fixed on plane on described test platen;
(5), adjust altitude location circle height, when making cylinder piston rod run to extreme lower position, jump bit cone point can just touch the armorplate glass be fixed on test platen, and is smashed by armorplate glass; Impact frame square hole in impactor frame and between described impact cross bar for being slidably matched, turnover tracheae top connection and the lower contact of turnover tracheae connect high-pressure air pipe respectively, and are connected to high-pressure air source control system.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
(1), achieve detection experiment overall process and save disposable product adhesive tape, not only save test consumables cost, avoid contaminated environment; Also shorten the activity duration, the tape residue on test platen need not be removed clean after each test, only need to remove clean cullet, just can implement experiment test operation next time, make operating efficiency improve twice.Priorly thoroughly avoid because adhesive tape is burst by safety glass the possibility that strength collapses out, the personal safety of operating personnel is more secure.
(2) adopt bilateral groove welding to form integral-rack between the support side plate, on integral-rack and rear shear plate and end shear plate, every side weld connects groove and is of a size of 5 × 45 °, and manufacturing process is simple, firmly solid.Under support side plate on integral-rack, the mobile return pulley of configuration, is convenient to entirety of the present invention and moves among a small circle, Worm and worm-wheel gearing on integral-rack drives the turning vibrational power flow of test platen, be convenient to remove chunk glass, be equipped with cullet returnable, guarantee that chunk glass does not scatter, after gear drive combination, plane holds lower plane after testboard plate on plate, in conjunction with the lock pin crank handle of both sides, match with lock pin bearing inner hole thread by means of stud lock pin, the cylinder bulb of stud lock pin termination is made to enter locking positioning in the lock pin locating hole of test platen both sides, overcome the defect of transmission worm gear and worm shaft fit clearance, make in the process of whole test armorplate glass, test platen keeps firmly solid.In the support side plate of particularly side, plane has impact column, impacts liftable on column and is fixed wtih impact cross bar, impacts slip on cross bar and is fixed wtih cylinder impactor; Cylinder impactor can be connected to control room, Pneumatic pressure power source easily at a distance, realize the dangerous step that Long-distance Control smashes armorplate glass, site operation personnel is avoided to suffer the unexpected injury of splashing of glass breaking moment, it is consistent that application cylinder impactor realizes each hammer weight, guarantees that crushing test is unified and standard.
(3), container bin gate spring is set respectively between lower draw-bar before the container of bin gate hook and both sides, guarantees that container discharge door can touch container discharge mouth tightly, do not allow chunk glass scatter.
(4), adopt isoplanar wheel cleat assembly, particularly slide plate part be positioned at clamp plate portion one end and be overlapped on plane on clamp plate portion, and on described slide plate lower plane and described limit chi, plane is in sustained height; Pearl seat stepped hole internal fixtion particularly on the chi of limit in plane slippage ball; The outer outstanding sphere of slippage ball contacts with described slide plate lower plane, make the slide plate lower plane in each fixture relative on the limit chi in another fixture between plane slippage more easily smooth, guarantee tested armorplate glass surrounding discontinuity.
(5) the slippage wheel, on the wheel isoplanar clamping plate on every limit and between adjacent wheel chute for being slidably matched, realize can regulating arbitrarily continuously the armorplate glass of different specification size.
(6) angle on, described clamping plate slope and limit chi between plane is 51-53 to spend, and described clamping plate slope is bonded with one deck rubber compressing tablet, adjustment width armorplate glass carried out plane spacing while, a downward component can be produced, make tested armorplate glass touch test platen, avoid the uneven generation explosion of armorplate glass local pressure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 unloads in stereoscopic appearance figure, figure of the present invention except isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500.
Fig. 2 is transmission worm gear 161 in Fig. 1 engages position vertical cross section with worm shaft 151.
Fig. 3 be cylinder bulb 199 and lock pin locating hole 198 binding site of stud lock pin 189 termination in Fig. 1 along stud lock pin 189 axial line vertical cross section.
Fig. 4 is cylinder bulb 199 and lock pin locating hole 198 disengaged condition of stud lock pin 189 termination in Fig. 3.
The integral-rack independent stereoscopic appearance figure of Fig. 5 for being made up of the support side plate 200 of both sides and rear shear plate 176 and end shear plate 175 in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the test platen 190 stereoscopic appearance figure separately in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the independent stereoscopic appearance figure of upper connecting rod 179 after upper connecting rod 174 before the frame in Fig. 1, the front middle pull bar 177 of frame and frame.
Fig. 8 is cullet returnable in Fig. 1 140 and the stereoscopic appearance figure of container discharge door 146 assembly.
Fig. 9 is that the cullet returnable 140 in Fig. 8 unloads the independent stereoscopic appearance figure after except container discharge door 146.
Isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 placed by test platen 190 in Fig. 1 to Figure 10, and is fixed wtih the duty stereoscopic appearance figure of armorplate glass 600.
Figure 11 is that the isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 in Figure 10 unloads except the side of two wherein, and test platen 190 is in rotation heeling condition, also unloads except drive nut 188, and cylinder impactor 590 shifts out above test platen 190, is in off working state.
Figure 12 is cylinder impactor 590 enlarged drawing in Figure 11.
Figure 13 is transmission worm gear 161 in Figure 10 engages position and stud lock pin 189 position enlarged drawing with worm shaft 151.
Figure 14 is the top view that the isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 in Figure 10 is combinationally using.
Figure 15 is the A-A sectional view in Figure 14.
Figure 16 is the top view of on the right of the clamping plate in Figure 14 540.
Figure 17 is the isometric front view of Figure 16.
Figure 18 is the rear isometric view of Figure 16.
Figure 19 is the B-B sectional view in Figure 14, and tested armorplate glass 600 is fixed on testboard flat board 190.
Figure 20 is tested armorplate glass in Figure 19 600 and the partial enlarged drawing of rubber compressing tablet 551 contact site.
Figure 21 is the C-C sectional view in Figure 16.
Figure 22 is the partial enlarged drawing in Figure 15.
Figure 23 is wheel chute 514 partial enlarged drawing in Figure 22.
Figure 24 is wheel chute 514 partial enlarged drawing in Figure 22.
Figure 25 is the partial enlarged drawing of the slippage ball 580 in Figure 22.
Figure 26 unloads the state diagram except sliding pearl seat after half 582 in the pearl seat stepped hole 558 in Figure 25.
Figure 27 is the partial enlarged drawing of the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat in Figure 25.
Figure 28 unloads the state diagram except half 581 in sliding pearl seat and sliding pearl seat after half 582 in the pearl seat stepped hole 558 in Figure 25.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 and Figure 14, application worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer detects glass assemblies method, integral-rack on described worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer is made up of the support side plate 200 of both sides and rear shear plate 176 and end shear plate 175, and in the support side plate 200 described in both sides, plane is all fixed with platen support 163 and lock pin bearing 180 respectively, there is platen rotating shaft 196 test platen 190 both sides, the platen rotating shaft 196 of both sides is rotatable to be respectively fixed in platen support 163, on described rear shear plate 176, there is plane 717 on rear plate at position, on rear plate, plane 717 exceeds 5 to 7 millimeters, plane in described support side plate 200, and on rear plate, plane 717 holds the rear lower plane of test platen 190, plane is fixed wtih isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 to described test platen 190, described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 is made up of the wheel isoplanar clamping plate that four physical dimensions are identical, be respectively: clamping plate deckle 510, the clamping plate left side 520, on the right of clamping plate opposite side 530 and clamping plate 540, every wheel isoplanar clamping plate are made up of clamp plate portion and slide plate part, clamping plate deckle 510 is made up of deckle clamp plate portion 519 and deckle slide plate part 518, the clamping plate left side 520 is made up of left side clamp plate portion 529 and left side slide plate part 528, clamping plate opposite side 530 is made up of opposite side clamp plate portion 539 and opposite side slide plate part 538, on the right of clamping plate, 540 are made up of the right clamp plate portion 549 and the right slide plate part 548,
In Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described test platen 190 both sides vertical plane there is lock pin locating hole 198; Described lock pin bearing 180 inner hole thread matches with stud lock pin 189 external screw thread, there is cylinder bulb 199 stud lock pin 189 termination of both sides, cylinder bulb 199 can enter in described lock pin locating hole 198, is fixed by described test platen 190 with the support side plate 200 described in described both sides;
In Fig. 1, Fig. 7, Figure 10 and Figure 11, between the support side plate 200 described in both sides, to go back in before the front upper pull bar 174 of organic frame and frame upper connecting rod 179 after pull bar 177 and frame,
In Fig. 1, Figure 10, Figure 11 and Figure 12, the platen rotating shaft 196 of side is also fixed with transmission worm gear 161, transmission worm gear 161 is combined with worm shaft 151, worm shaft 151 two ends are rotatable to be respectively fixed in worm bearing 152, worm bearing 152 is fixed on corresponding support side plate 200 lateral surface, and worm shaft 151 one end also has worm screw crank handle 155;
In Fig. 1, Figure 10, Figure 11 and Figure 13, in the support side plate 200 of side, plane has impact column 566, impact rotatable being fixed wtih on column 566 and impact cross bar 562, impact liftable on column 566 and be fixed wtih altitude location circle 565, altitude location circle 565 has holding screw 594, altitude location circle 565 holds in the palm described impact cross bar 562; Impact slip on cross bar 562 and be fixed wtih cylinder impactor 590, as improvement: described detection glass process has following assembling and operating procedure:
One, in the pearl seat stepped hole 558 on slide plate lower plane 561 in mounting slip ball 580, Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 25, Figure 26, Figure 27 and Figure 28, following steps are adopted:
(1), half 581 in sliding pearl seat is placed in the low temperature chest of subzero 125 degree of Celsius temperature together with the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat, continues 55 minutes, make half 581 and the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat in sliding pearl seat cool rear size and reduce;
(2), first by slide plate lower plane 561 upward, successively half 581 in cunning pearl seat is arranged in pearl seat stepped hole 558 again, the sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585 in the sliding pearl seat in each pearl seat stepped hole 558 in half 581 is made to touch stepped hole plane 557, when in sliding pearl seat, half 581 returns to normal temperature state, the sliding pearl seat cylindrical 586 in sliding pearl seat in half 581 and have between pearl seat stepped hole 558 0.04 to 0.06 interference fit;
(3), successively slippage ball 580 to be placed in the sliding pearl seat in each sliding pearl seat in half 581 among circular hole 588;
(4), successively outer for cunning pearl seat half 582 is arranged in pearl seat stepped hole 558, make the sliding pearl seat faying face 584 in the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat touch sliding pearl seat faying face 584 in sliding pearl seat in half 581, slippage ball 580 rides in the sliding pearl seat internal taper hole 583 in sliding pearl seat in half 581 and slides half 582 outside pearl seat and makes to slide spacing rolling between pearl seat internal taper hole 583; When the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat returns to normal temperature state, sliding pearl seat cylindrical 586 in the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat and have between pearl seat stepped hole 558 0.04 to 0.06 interference fit, the sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585 in the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat and described slide plate lower plane 561 fair.
Two, the clamp plate portion on the clamping plate of wheel isoplanar and slide plate sections fit, in Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 21, Figure 22, Figure 23 and Figure 24, adopt following steps:
(1), by rotatable for slippage wheel 541 endoporus be engaged on outer section 578 cylindrical of pivot pin, make slippage wheel 541 inner side plane against described pivot pin step 576; Rotated on pivot pin screw 579 by wheel screw 511, make wheel screw 511 spiral shell brain against described pivot pin outer end 575, wheel screw 511 spiral shell brain blocks slippage wheel 541 medial plane; Slippage wheel 541 on every wheel isoplanar clamping plate and between the wheel chute 514 on the clamping plate of adjacent wheels isoplanar for being slidably matched;
(2), by the slippage wheel 541 in described deckle slide plate part 518 put among the wheel chute 514 on described left side clamp plate portion 529, make slippage wheel 541 in described deckle slide plate part 518 with between the wheel chute 514 on described left side clamp plate portion 529 for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel 541 in described left side slide plate part 528 is put among the wheel chute 514 on described opposite side clamp plate portion 539, make slippage wheel 541 in described left side slide plate part 528 with between the wheel chute 514 on described opposite side clamp plate portion 539 for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel 541 in described opposite side slide plate part 538 is put among the wheel chute 514 on described the right clamp plate portion 549, make slippage wheel 541 in described opposite side slide plate part 538 with between the wheel chute 514 on described the right clamp plate portion 549 for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel 541 in described opposite side slide plate part 538 is put among the wheel chute 514 on described the right clamp plate portion 549, make slippage wheel 541 in described opposite side slide plate part 538 with between the wheel chute 514 on described the right clamp plate portion 549 for coordinating by rolling slip.
Three, overall package process:
(1), before frame, after upper connecting rod 174 and frame, upper connecting rod 179 passes through upper through hole 279 after the front upper through hole 274 of frame of both sides and frame respectively, there is pull-rod nut 178 each pull rod stud 172 outer end, and upper connecting rod 179 after upper connecting rod before frame 174 and frame is fastened in described support side plate 200 by four pull-rod nuts 178; Cullet returnable 140 entirety is placed downwards from the top of upper connecting rod 179 after upper connecting rod 174 before frame and frame, after making container, upper hook 184 fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod 171 position after frame on upper connecting rod 179, and the front upper hook 148 of container fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod 171 position before frame on upper connecting rod 174; Again pull bar 177 in before frame is passed through successively through hole 277 in before the frame of lower draw-bar 149 before the container of lower draw-bar 149 before the container of through hole 277 in before the frame of side, side, container bin gate spring 145 cylindrical hole of side, bin gate hook 245, container bin gate spring 145 cylindrical hole of opposite side, opposite side, opposite side, then with two pull-rod nuts 178, pull bar 177 middle before frame is fastened in described support side plate 200; Make two spring pins on container bin gate spring 145 prop up container header board 143 and container discharge door 146 respectively, guarantee that container discharge door 146 is in normally off; Cullet returnable 140 entirety is in three axles and supports fixing, firmly stable especially;
(2), stud lock pin 189 external screw thread matches with lock pin bearing 180 inner hole thread, the lock pin bearing 180 of both sides is fixed on locking pin seat screw 186 by four locking pin seat screws respectively, the cylinder bulb 199 of stud lock pin 189 termination of both sides can enter in the lock pin locating hole 198 of test platen 190 both sides, is fixed by described test platen 190 with the support side plate 200 described in described both sides; The platen rotating shaft 196 of described test platen 190 both sides coordinates with platen support 163 endoporus is rotatable, and the platen support 163 of both sides is fixed on platen seat screw 160 by four bearing screws respectively;
(3), by worm gear flat key 168 be placed in the rotating shaft keyway 194 in rotating shaft worm gear section 192, transmission worm gear 161 endoporus is placed in rotating shaft worm gear section 192, transmission worm gear 161 endoporus also has keyway hold the outstanding position of worm gear flat key 168; On the shaft thread 193 of rotating shaft worm gear section 192 outer end, threaded engagement screws on drive nut 188, and transmission worm gear 161 is fastened in the rotating shaft worm gear section 192 in platen rotating shaft 196 by drive nut 188;
(4), described test platen 190 there is Boards wall screw 197, in described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 at least one clamp plate portion limit chi on plane 516 has clamping plate step through-hole 501, sunk screw 195 passes through described clamping plate step through-hole 501 and matches with described Boards wall screw 197, and isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 is fixed on plane on described test platen 190;
(5), adjust altitude location circle 565 height, when making cylinder piston rod 595 run to extreme lower position, jump bit cone point 596 can just touch the armorplate glass 600 be fixed on test platen 190, and is smashed by armorplate glass 600; Impact frame square hole 564 in impactor frame 567 and between described impact cross bar 562 for being slidably matched, turnover tracheae top connection 593 and turnover tracheae lower contact 592 connect high-pressure air pipe respectively, and are connected to high-pressure air source control system.
In embodiment:
Cylinder impactor 590 comprises impactor frame 567, cylinder lagging 591 and cylinder piston rod 595; Cylinder piston rod 595 lower end has jump bit to bore point 596, and cylinder lagging about 591 is respectively arranged with turnover tracheae top connection 593 and turnover tracheae lower contact 592; Plane is fixed wtih isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 to described test platen 190, and in before described frame, pull bar 177 after upper connecting rod 174 and described frame together with upper connecting rod 179, is jointly fixed wtih cullet returnable 140 before described frame; The pointed cone angle of described jump bit cone point 596 is 60 degree, and the rockwell superficial hardness number of jump bit cone point 596 is HRC67.
The test platen 190 stated there is Boards wall screw 197, in every only described support side plate 200, plane is respectively arranged with two platen seat screws 160 and two locking pin seat screws 186, the side of support side plate 200 is provided with the front upper through hole 274 of frame, before frame in upper through hole 279 after through hole 277 and frame, the support side plate 200 of at least side also has four horizontally disposed worm screw bore 157;
Return pulley forked standard 124 is had respectively before and after bottom described support side plate 200, mobile return pulley 400 is had in the middle of return pulley forked standard 124, being rotatable matched in clearance between mobile return pulley 400 centre bore and return pulley pivot pin 122 cylindrical, is interference fit between the through hole on return pulley pivot pin 122 two ends and return pulley forked standard 124.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, described cullet returnable 140 comprises end swash plate 141, container header board 143, container biside plate 142 after container, and after container, end swash plate 141 has container discharge mouth 147 between being connected with container header board 143, after container, end swash plate 141 highest point has upper hook 184 after container, and after container, upper hook 184 fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod 171 position after frame on upper connecting rod 179, container header board 143 highest point has the front upper hook 148 of container, and the front upper hook 148 of container fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod 171 position before frame on upper connecting rod 174, container header board 143 is lower draw-bar 149 before there is container the both sides being positioned at container discharge mouth 147 top edge position, container discharge door 146 is had between lower draw-bar 149 before the container of both sides, container discharge door 146 there is bin gate link up with 245, before the container of bin gate hook 245 and both sides, lower draw-bar 149 is on coaxial line, container bin gate spring 145 is had respectively between lower draw-bar 149 before the container of bin gate hook 245 and both sides, casing tube of tension rod 171 in before frame on pull bar 177 runs through lower draw-bar 149 and container bin gate spring 145 and bin gate hook 245 before described container, after in before frame, on pull bar 177, the pull rod stud 172 at two ends passes through the front middle through hole 277 of frame on supported on both sides side plate 200 respectively, it is fastening that pull rod stud 172 is furnished with pull-rod nut 178.
Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 20, in Figure 21 and Figure 22, described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 is made up of the wheel isoplanar clamping plate that four physical dimensions are identical, be respectively: clamping plate deckle 510, the clamping plate left side 520, on the right of clamping plate opposite side 530 and clamping plate 540, every wheel isoplanar clamping plate are made up of clamp plate portion and slide plate part, clamping plate deckle 510 is made up of deckle clamp plate portion 519 and deckle slide plate part 518, the clamping plate left side 520 is made up of left side clamp plate portion 529 and left side slide plate part 528, clamping plate opposite side 530 is made up of opposite side clamp plate portion 539 and opposite side slide plate part 538, on the right of clamping plate, 540 are made up of the right clamp plate portion 549 and the right slide plate part 548, described slide plate part is positioned at described clamp plate portion one end and is overlapped on plane on clamp plate portion,
The step lower surface of described slide plate part is slide plate lower plane 561, slide plate lower plane 561 there is step pivot pin 574, step pivot pin 574 there is the outer section 578 of pivot pin, pivot pin is outer is pivot pin step 576 between section 578 and described step pivot pin 574, outer section 578 outer end of described pivot pin is pivot pin outer end 575, and there is pivot pin screw 579 at center, pivot pin outer end 575; Rotatablely on outer section 578 cylindrical of described pivot pin be combined with slippage wheel 541 endoporus, slippage wheel 541 inner side plane againsts described pivot pin step 576; Described pivot pin screw 579 is combined with wheel screw 511, wheel screw 511 spiral shell brain againsts described pivot pin outer end 575, wheel screw 511 spiral shell brain blocks slippage wheel 541 medial plane, wheel screw 511 exposes spiral shell brain and can be positioned among described blind slot space 517, and wheel screw 511 exposes between spiral shell brain and blind slot space 517 space; For being slidably matched between described slippage wheel 541 and described wheel chute 514;
The upper surface of described clamp plate portion is plane 516 on the chi of limit, plane 516 there is wheel chute 514 with limit chi, and wheel chute 514 and limit chi have centrosymmetric transition to slot 571 between plane 516, blind slot space 517 is had bottom wheel chute 514, and the described single-ended opening of wheel chute 514; Described slide plate lower plane 561 is in sustained height with plane 516 on described limit chi; Described limit chi there is clamping plate slope 515 inside plane 516, clamping plate slope 515 is also attached with rubber compressing tablet 551;
In Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 25, Figure 26, Figure 27 and Figure 28: described slide plate lower plane 561 has pearl seat stepped hole 558, pearl seat stepped hole 558 is arranged symmetrically in described wheel chute 514 both sides, in pearl seat stepped hole 558, step has stepped hole plane 557, there is pearl seat blind hole 559 at stepped hole plane 557 center; In sliding pearl seat, half 581 is measure-alike with outer half 582 shape and structure of sliding pearl seat, all comprise sliding pearl seat cylindrical 586, sliding pearl seat faying face 584, sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585, sliding pearl seat faying face 584 there is circular hole 588 in sliding pearl seat, in sliding pearl seat, circular hole 588 bottom is connected to sliding pearl seat internal taper hole 583 stub end, and the little head end of sliding pearl seat internal taper hole 583 is crossing with described sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585;
Described pearl seat stepped hole 558 inner circle is fixed wtih the sliding pearl seat cylindrical 586 in sliding pearl seat cylindrical 586 in sliding pearl seat in half 581 and the outer half 582 of sliding pearl seat simultaneously, the sliding pearl seat internal taper hole 583 in sliding pearl seat in half 581 and be slidably matched between the sliding pearl seat internal taper hole 583 sliding outside pearl seat in half 582 and be fixed wtih slippage ball 580; In sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585 on slippage ball 580 in outstanding described sliding pearl seat in half 581, outstanding sphere 598 is accommodated among described pearl seat blind hole 559; The outer outstanding sphere 589 of the sliding pearl seat lateral surface 585 on slippage ball 580 in the outer half 582 of outstanding described sliding pearl seat contacts with plane 516 on described limit chi.
Angle on described clamping plate slope 515 and limit chi between plane 516 is 51 ~ 53 degree, described clamping plate slope 515 is bonded with the rubber compressing tablet 551 of one deck 2.1 ~ 2.3 millimeters thick.
For being slidably matched between slippage wheel 541 cylindrical in wheel chute 514 on described deckle clamp plate portion 519 and the right slide plate part 548, between the transition fluting 571 on described deckle clamp plate portion 519 and the wheel chute 514 in the right slide plate part 548, there is 0.5 to 0.7 millimeter of gap;
For being slidably matched between slippage wheel 541 cylindrical in wheel chute 514 on described the right clamp plate portion 549 and opposite side slide plate part 538, between the transition fluting 571 on described the right clamp plate portion 549 and the wheel chute 514 in opposite side slide plate part 538, there is 0.5 to 0.7 millimeter of gap;
For being slidably matched between slippage wheel 541 cylindrical in wheel chute 514 on described left side clamp plate portion 529 and deckle slide plate part 518, between the transition fluting 571 on described left side clamp plate portion 529 and the wheel chute 514 in deckle slide plate part 518, there is 0.5 to 0.7 millimeter of gap;
For being slidably matched between slippage wheel 541 cylindrical in wheel chute 514 on described opposite side clamp plate portion 539 and left side slide plate part 528, between the transition fluting 571 on described opposite side clamp plate portion 539 and the wheel chute 514 in left side slide plate part 528, there is 0.5 to 0.7 millimeter of gap.
Described support side plate 200 thickness is 43 millimeters, and described rear shear plate 176 thickness is 33 millimeters, and described end shear plate 175 thickness is 33 millimeters.Adopt bilateral groove welding to form integral-rack between described support side plate 200 and rear shear plate 176 and end shear plate 175, every side weld connects groove and is of a size of 5 × 45 °, and manufacturing process is simple, firmly solid.
Described test platen 190 there are four Boards wall screws 197, in described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 at least deckle clamp plate portion 519 limit chi on plane 516 has four clamping plate step through-holes 501, four sunk screws 195 pass through described clamping plate step through-hole 501 successively and match with described Boards wall screw 197, described deckle clamp plate portion 519 is fixed on described test platen 190, use the immobilizing foundation of deckle clamp plate portion 519, isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500 entirety is all fixed on described test platen 190.
Platen rotating shaft 196 outer end of side also have rotating shaft worm gear section 192 and shaft thread 193, rotating shaft worm gear section 192 there is rotating shaft keyway 194, worm gear flat key 168 is furnished with in rotating shaft keyway 194, the effect of worm gear flat key 168 allows transmission worm gear 161 drive platen rotating shaft 196 to rotate, and then drives the rotation of test platen 190.
Before frame after upper connecting rod 174, frame before upper connecting rod 179 and frame in pull bar 177 geomery all the same, all being made up of the pull rod stud 172 at casing tube of tension rod 171 and two ends, the pull rod stud 172 at two ends is all furnished with pull-rod nut 178 and is fastened on supported on both sides side plate 200.
Four, operating procedure, when will do fragmentation test to safety glass, step is as follows:
(1), with the worm screw crank handle 155 on hand traverse worm shaft 151 one end, make worm shaft 151 drive transmission worm gear 161 to rotate, then drive test platen 190 rear end lower plane to push down plane 717 on rear plate, test platen 190 presents level; Rotate the lock pin crank handle 187 of both sides respectively, match with lock pin bearing 180 inner hole thread by means of stud lock pin 189, make the cylinder bulb 199 of stud lock pin 189 termination enter locking positioning in the lock pin locating hole 198 of test platen 190 both sides, test platen 190 is fastened in level;
(2) on the right of the clamping plate deckle 510, by identical for four physical dimensions, the clamping plate left side 520, clamping plate opposite side 530 and clamping plate, 540 are placed on above test platen 190, the surrounding ambient in besieged city between 540 on the right of the clamping plate deckle 510 making four physical dimensions identical, the clamping plate left side 520, clamping plate opposite side 530 and clamping plate;
(3), above-mentioned surrounding ambient size is greater than the physical dimension of the armorplate glass 600 wanting tested, armorplate glass 600 that will be tested is placed on above the test platen 190 in above-mentioned surrounding ambient, on the right of the clamping plate deckle 510 that mobile four physical dimensions are identical successively, the clamping plate left side 520, clamping plate opposite side 530 and clamping plate 540, the rubber compressing tablet 551 on every clamping plate is made to touch four limit outer rims of the armorplate glass 600 wanting tested; Rubber compressing tablet 551 natural resiliency is out of shape the elasticity indenture 105 produced, and to give armorplate glass 600 4 limit outer rim flexibility fixing, avoids rigidity clamping plate by unexpected for armorplate glass 600 broken, see Figure 20;
(4) after, wanting tested armorplate glass 600 to be fixed, regulate impact cross bar 562 height impacted on column 566, holding cross bar becket 599, by cylinder impactor 590 along with impacting cross bar 562 together, rotating above armorplate glass 600 around impact column 566 cylindrical;
Start Pneumatic pressure power source, the gases at high pressure of 0.82 to 0.84 MPa (MPa) are input into facing to turnover tracheae top connection 593, now pass in and out tracheae lower contact 592 to reflux to pneumatic source, cylinder piston rod 595 in cylinder lagging 591 is rapid movement downwards, movement velocity reaches 40 to 48 meters per second (m/s), when jump bit cone point 596 is displaced downwardly to extreme lower position, armorplate glass 600 can just be touched, be attended by cylinder piston rod 595 and the jump bit cone point 596 thereof of 20 to 24 joules (J), armorplate glass 600 is smashed; The dangerous step that Long-distance Control smashes armorplate glass 600 can be realized, avoid the unexpected splashing of glass breaking moment to injure site operation personnel; When jump bit cone point 596 is displaced downwardly to extreme lower position, pneumatic source place is according to the program woven in advance, switch into outlet passageway by reversal valve, start pneumatic source facing to turnover tracheae lower contact 592 air inlet, now pass in and out tracheae top connection 593 to pneumatic source backflow, the cylinder piston rod 595 in cylinder lagging 591 upwards gets back to highest order.
(5), again hold cross bar becket 599, by cylinder impactor 590 along with impacting cross bar 562 together, rotating around impact column 566 cylindrical and leaving above armorplate glass 600;
(6), remove the wheel isoplanar clamping plate on 1 to 2 limit, rotate the stud lock pin 189 on the lock pin crank handle 187 of both sides in the other direction, make stud lock pin 189 exit the lock pin locating hole 198 of test platen 190 both sides, remove locking positioning.With the worm screw crank handle 155 on hand rocking-turn in the other direction worm shaft 151, hand worm shaft 151 is made to drive transmission worm gear 161 to rotate in the other direction, plane 717 on plate after then driving test platen 190 rear end lower plane to depart from; After the run-off the straight 10 to 20 of test platen 190 is spent, safety glass fragment can be disposed easily and call among cullet returnable 140;
(7), again rotate worm screw crank handle 155 by hand, make worm shaft 151 drive transmission worm gear 161 to rotate, then drive test platen 190 rear end lower plane to push down plane 717 on rear plate; Again rotate the stud lock pin 189 on the lock pin crank handle 187 of both sides respectively, make stud lock pin 189 enter locking positioning in the lock pin locating hole 198 of test platen 190 both sides, as long as prepare for next tested armorplate glass 600;
(8), when the chunk glass in cullet returnable 140 is many to when will rafting, car will be raftinged and be placed on below container discharge mouth 147, with the bin gate handle 246 pulled out on container discharge door 146, rafting the chunk glass in cullet returnable 140.Unclamp bin gate handle 246, under the accumulation of energy counter-force effect of container bin gate spring 145, container discharge door 146 can touch container discharge mouth 147 tightly, does not allow chunk glass scatter.
the above-mentioned outstanding substantive distinguishing features of the present invention, guarantees to bring following significant progressive effect:
(1), achieve detection experiment overall process and save disposable product adhesive tape, not only save test consumables cost, avoid contaminated environment; Also shorten the activity duration, the tape residue on test platen 190 need not be removed clean after each test, only need to remove clean cullet, just can implement experiment test operation next time, make operating efficiency improve twice.Priorly thoroughly avoid because adhesive tape is burst by safety glass the possibility that strength collapses out, the personal safety of operating personnel is more secure.
(2) adopt bilateral groove welding to form integral-rack between the support side plate 200, on integral-rack and rear shear plate 176 and end shear plate 175, every side weld connects groove and is of a size of 5 × 45 °, and manufacturing process is simple, firmly solid.Under support side plate 200 on integral-rack, the mobile return pulley 400 of configuration, is convenient to entirety of the present invention and moves among a small circle, Worm and worm-wheel gearing on integral-rack drives the turning vibrational power flow of test platen 190, be convenient to remove chunk glass, be equipped with cullet returnable 140, guarantee that chunk glass does not scatter, after gear drive combination, on plate, plane 717 holds the rear lower plane of test platen 190, in conjunction with the lock pin crank handle 187 of both sides, match with lock pin bearing 180 inner hole thread by means of stud lock pin 189, the cylinder bulb 199 of stud lock pin 189 termination is made to enter locking positioning in the lock pin locating hole 198 of test platen 190 both sides, overcome the defect of transmission worm gear 161 and worm shaft 151 fit clearance, make in the process of whole test armorplate glass 600, test platen 190 keeps firmly solid.In the support side plate 200 of particularly side, plane has and impacts column 566, impacts liftable on column 566 and is fixed wtih and impacts cross bar 562, impact slip on cross bar 562 and be fixed wtih cylinder impactor 590; Cylinder impactor 590 can be connected to control room, Pneumatic pressure power source easily at a distance, realize the dangerous step that Long-distance Control smashes armorplate glass 600, site operation personnel is avoided to suffer the unexpected injury of splashing of glass breaking moment, it is consistent that application cylinder impactor 590 realizes each hammer weight, guarantees that crushing test is unified and standard.
(3), container bin gate spring 145 is set respectively between lower draw-bar 149 before the container of bin gate hook 245 and both sides, guarantees that container discharge door 146 can touch container discharge mouth 147 tightly, do not allow chunk glass scatter.
(4), adopt isoplanar wheel cleat assembly 500, particularly slide plate part is positioned at clamp plate portion one end and is overlapped on plane on clamp plate portion, and described slide plate lower plane 561 is in sustained height with plane 516 on described limit chi; Pearl seat stepped hole 558 internal fixtion particularly on the chi of limit in plane 516 slippage ball 580; The outer outstanding sphere 589 of slippage ball 580 contacts with described slide plate lower plane 561, make the slide plate lower plane 561 in each fixture relative on the limit chi in another fixture between plane 516 slippage more easily smooth, guarantee tested armorplate glass 600 surrounding discontinuity.
(5) the slippage wheel 541, on the wheel isoplanar clamping plate on every limit and between adjacent wheel chute 514 for being slidably matched, realize can regulating arbitrarily continuously the armorplate glass 600 of different specification size.
(6) angle on, described clamping plate slope 515 and limit chi between plane 516 is 51-53 to spend, and described clamping plate slope 515 is bonded with one deck rubber compressing tablet 551, adjustment width armorplate glass 600 carried out plane spacing while, a downward component can be produced, make tested armorplate glass 600 touch test platen 190, avoid the uneven generation explosion of armorplate glass 600 local pressure.

Claims (1)

1. apply worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer and detect glass assemblies method, integral-rack on described worm gear turntable screw thread lock pin cylinder hammer comprises and being made up of the support side plate of both sides (200) and rear shear plate (176) and end shear plate (175), and the support side plate (200) described in both sides goes up plane and is all fixed with platen support (163) and lock pin bearing (180) respectively, there is platen rotating shaft (196) test platen (190) both sides, the platen rotating shaft (196) of both sides is rotatable to be respectively fixed in platen support (163), there is plane (717) on rear plate at the upper position of described rear shear plate (176), and on rear plate, plane (717) holds test platen (190) lower plane afterwards, the upper plane of described test platen (190) is fixed wtih isoplanar bearing cleat assembly (500), described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly (500) is made up of the wheel isoplanar clamping plate that four physical dimensions are identical, be respectively: clamping plate deckle (510), the clamping plate left side (520), on the right of clamping plate opposite side (530) and clamping plate (540), every wheel isoplanar clamping plate are made up of clamp plate portion and slide plate part, clamping plate deckle (510) is made up of deckle clamp plate portion (519) and deckle slide plate part (518), the clamping plate left side (520) is made up of left side clamp plate portion (529) and left side slide plate part (528), clamping plate opposite side (530) is made up of opposite side clamp plate portion (539) and opposite side slide plate part (538), on the right of clamping plate, (540) are made up of the right clamp plate portion (549) and the right slide plate part (548),
Described test platen (190) both sides vertical plane there is lock pin locating hole (198); Described lock pin bearing (180) inner hole thread matches with stud lock pin (189) external screw thread, there is cylinder bulb (199) stud lock pin (189) termination of both sides, cylinder bulb (199) can enter in described lock pin locating hole (198), described test platen (190) and the support side plate (200) described in described both sides is fixed;
Upper connecting rod (179) after pull bar (177) and frame is gone back in before the front upper pull bar of organic frame (174) and frame between support side plate (200) described in both sides, the platen rotating shaft (196) of side is also fixed with transmission worm gear (161), transmission worm gear (161) is combined with worm shaft (151), worm shaft (151) two ends are rotatable to be respectively fixed in worm bearing (152), worm bearing (152) is fixed on corresponding support side plate (200) lateral surface, worm shaft (151) one end also has worm screw crank handle (155),
The upper plane of support side plate (200) of side has impact column (566), impact upper rotatable being fixed wtih of column (566) and impact cross bar (562), impact the upper liftable of column (566) and be fixed wtih altitude location circle (565), altitude location circle (565) has holding screw (594), altitude location circle (565) holds in the palm described impact cross bar (562); Impact the upper slip of cross bar (562) and be fixed wtih cylinder impactor (590), it is characterized in that: described detection glass assemblies method has following steps:
One, mounting slip ball (580) in the pearl seat stepped hole (558) on slide plate lower plane (561), adopts following steps:
(1), will slide half (581) and the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat in pearl seat is placed in the low temperature chest of subzero 125 degree of Celsius temperature together, continue 55 minutes, after half (581) and the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat in sliding pearl seat are cooled, size reduces;
(2), first by slide plate lower plane (561) upward, to slide half (581) in pearl seat is more successively arranged in pearl seat stepped hole (558), the sliding pearl seat lateral surface (585) in the sliding pearl seat in each pearl seat stepped hole (558) in half (581) is made to touch stepped hole plane (557), when in sliding pearl seat, half (581) returns to normal temperature state, the sliding pearl seat cylindrical (586) in sliding pearl seat in half (581) and have between pearl seat stepped hole (558) 0.04 to 0.06 interference fit;
(3), successively slippage ball (580) to be placed in the sliding pearl seat in each sliding pearl seat in half (581) among circular hole (588);
(4), will slide the outer half (582) of pearl seat is successively arranged in pearl seat stepped hole (558), make the sliding pearl seat faying face (584) in the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat touch sliding pearl seat faying face (584) in sliding pearl seat in half (581), slippage ball (580) rides in the sliding pearl seat internal taper hole (583) in sliding pearl seat in half (581) and slides half (582) outside pearl seat and makes to slide spacing rolling between pearl seat internal taper hole (583); When the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat returns to normal temperature state, sliding pearl seat cylindrical (586) in the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat and the interference fit having 0.04 to 0.06 between pearl seat stepped hole (558), the sliding pearl seat lateral surface (585) in the outer half (582) of sliding pearl seat and described slide plate lower plane (561) fair;
Two, the clamp plate portion on the clamping plate of wheel isoplanar and slide plate sections fit, adopt following steps:
(1), by rotatable for slippage wheel (541) endoporus be engaged on outer section (578) cylindrical of pivot pin, make slippage wheel (541) inner side plane against described pivot pin step (576); Wheel screw (511) is rotated on pivot pin screw (579), make wheel screw (511) spiral shell brain against described pivot pin outer end (575), wheel screw (511) spiral shell brain blocks slippage wheel (541) medial plane; Slippage wheel (541) on every wheel isoplanar clamping plate and between the wheel chute (514) on the clamping plate of adjacent wheels isoplanar for being slidably matched;
(2), by the slippage wheel (541) in described deckle slide plate part (518) put among the wheel chute (514) on described left side clamp plate portion (529), make the slippage wheel (541) in described deckle slide plate part (518) with between the wheel chute (514) on described left side clamp plate portion (529) for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel (541) on described left side slide plate part (528) is put among the wheel chute (514) on described opposite side clamp plate portion (539), make the slippage wheel (541) on described left side slide plate part (528) with between the wheel chute (514) on described opposite side clamp plate portion (539) for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel (541) in described opposite side slide plate part (538) is put among the wheel chute (514) on described the right clamp plate portion (549), make the slippage wheel (541) in described opposite side slide plate part (538) with between the wheel chute (514) on described the right clamp plate portion (549) for coordinating by rolling slip;
Slippage wheel (541) in described opposite side slide plate part (538) is put among the wheel chute (514) on described the right clamp plate portion (549), make the slippage wheel (541) in described opposite side slide plate part (538) with between the wheel chute (514) on described the right clamp plate portion (549) for coordinating by rolling slip;
Three, overall package process:
(1), before frame, after upper connecting rod (174) and frame, upper connecting rod (179) passes through upper through hole (279) after the front upper through hole of frame (274) of both sides and frame respectively, there is pull-rod nut (178) each pull rod stud (172) outer end, and upper connecting rod (179) after upper connecting rod before frame (174) and frame is fastened in described support side plate (200) by four pull-rod nuts (178); Cullet returnable (140) is overall places downwards from the top of upper connecting rod (179) after upper connecting rod (174) before frame and frame, after making container, upper hook (184) fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod (171) position after frame on upper connecting rod (179), and the front upper hook of container (148) fixedly hangs over casing tube of tension rod (171) position before frame on upper connecting rod (174); Again pull bar (177) in before frame is passed through successively through hole (277) in before the frame of lower draw-bar (149) before the container of lower draw-bar (149) before the container of through hole (277) in before the frame of side, side, container bin gate spring (145) cylindrical hole of side, bin gate hook (245), container bin gate spring (145) cylindrical hole of opposite side, opposite side, opposite side, then use two pull-rod nuts (178) to be fastened in described support side plate (200) by pull bar (177) in before frame; Make two spring pins on container bin gate spring (145) prop up container header board (143) and container discharge door (146) respectively, guarantee that container discharge door (146) is in normally off; Cullet returnable (140) entirety is in three axles and supports fixing, firmly stable especially;
(2), stud lock pin (189) external screw thread matches with lock pin bearing (180) inner hole thread, the lock pin bearing (180) of both sides is fixed on locking pin seat screw (186) by four locking pin seat screws respectively, the cylinder bulb (199) of stud lock pin (189) termination of both sides can enter in the lock pin locating hole (198) of test platen (190) both sides, described test platen (190) and the support side plate (200) described in described both sides is fixed; The platen rotating shaft (196) of described test platen (190) both sides coordinates with platen support (163) endoporus is rotatable, and the platen support (163) of both sides is fixed on platen seat screw (160) by four bearing screws respectively;
(3), worm gear flat key (168) is placed in the rotating shaft keyway (194) in rotating shaft worm gear section (192), transmission worm gear (161) endoporus is placed in rotating shaft worm gear section (192), transmission worm gear (161) endoporus also has keyway hold the outstanding position of worm gear flat key (168); The upper threaded engagement of shaft thread (193) of rotating shaft worm gear section (192) outer end screws on drive nut (188), and transmission worm gear (161) is fastened in the rotating shaft worm gear section (192) in platen rotating shaft (196) by drive nut (188);
(4), described test platen (190) there is Boards wall screw (197), in described isoplanar wheel cleat assembly (500) at least one clamp plate portion limit chi on plane (516) has clamping plate step through-hole (501), sunk screw (195) passes through described clamping plate step through-hole (501) and matches with described Boards wall screw (197), isoplanar wheel cleat assembly (500) is fixed on the upper plane of described test platen (190);
(5) altitude location circle (565), is adjusted highly, when making cylinder piston rod (595) run to extreme lower position, jump bit cone point (596) can just touch the armorplate glass (600) be fixed in test platen (190), and is smashed by armorplate glass (600); Impact frame square hole (564) in impactor frame (567) and between described impact cross bar (562) for being slidably matched, turnover tracheae top connection (593) and turnover tracheae lower contact (592) connect high-pressure air pipe respectively, and is connected to high-pressure air source control system.
CN201510843077.XA 2015-11-28 2015-11-28 Assembling method for glass testing through air cylinder hammer with worm gear rotary table and threaded lock pins Pending CN105290783A (en)

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CN105675388A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-15 温州经济技术开发区滨海雄杰机电研发工作室 Worm gear platen screw camera shooting bearing rotation angle pressing plate aluminum alloy glass detection device
CN105758746A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 温州经济技术开发区滨海雄杰机电研发工作室 Glass detection machine provided with worm wheel, rotary table, rack optical-ring camera and molybdenum alloy wheel corner clamp
CN105842091A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-08-10 温州经济技术开发区滨海雄杰机电研发工作室 A glass detection device provided with a worm gear, a platen, aperture camera shooting, stepped corner pressing plates and a copper alloy
CN106918503A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-04 天津工业大学 A kind of drop fixture design and manufacture method of non-single impact position point
CN110763551A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-07 广州连进玻璃科技有限公司 Glass quality detection strikes device
CN115406765A (en) * 2022-11-01 2022-11-29 中国矿业大学(北京) Mechanical property test system and method for underground engineering protective net

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CN105842091A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-08-10 温州经济技术开发区滨海雄杰机电研发工作室 A glass detection device provided with a worm gear, a platen, aperture camera shooting, stepped corner pressing plates and a copper alloy
CN106918503A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-04 天津工业大学 A kind of drop fixture design and manufacture method of non-single impact position point
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CN115406765B (en) * 2022-11-01 2023-02-10 中国矿业大学(北京) Mechanical property test system and method for underground engineering protective net

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Application publication date: 20160203