CN105281840B - Realize the wireless communication system and method for more net unifications - Google Patents

Realize the wireless communication system and method for more net unifications Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105281840B
CN105281840B CN201510407935.6A CN201510407935A CN105281840B CN 105281840 B CN105281840 B CN 105281840B CN 201510407935 A CN201510407935 A CN 201510407935A CN 105281840 B CN105281840 B CN 105281840B
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sent
signal
module
data processing
digital signal
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CN105281840A (en
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石晶
容荣
凌坚
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GCI Science and Technology Co Ltd
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GCI Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wireless communication systems for realizing mostly net unification, including multiple access units, it is separately connected at least one expanding element of each access unit, and at least one far-end unit being connect with the expanding element, wherein, each access unit supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;In the downlink, each access unit will be sent to each expanding element after the corresponding communication standard label of the radiofrequency signal received addition by microwave;Each expanding element is sent to corresponding each far-end unit after the microwave signal that multiple access units of the support different operators received are sent is carried out data processing by optical fiber;Each far-end unit is handled the optical signal received to be converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to be transmitted to user.

Description

Realize the wireless communication system and method for more net unifications
Technical field
The present invention relates to electronic device field more particularly to a kind of wireless communication systems and method for realizing mostly net unification.
Background technology
China telecommunication passes through development long-term for many years, the situation for having gradually formed 2G/3G/4G and having deposited, mobile communication letter Number transmission is all to be transmitted by certain frequency, and frequency and network formats that three big operators are possessed are not quite similar, at present It is respectively in the standard used in the market:
China Mobile:GSM800、GSM1800、TD-SCDMA、TD-LTE;
China Unicom:GSM800、GSM1800、WCDMA、TD-LTE、FDD-LTE;
China Telecom:CDMA、CDMA2000、TD-LTE、FDD-LTE.
Above-mentioned does not also include the excessive standard that each generation communication technology generates in the process in speech, is thus not difficult to find out old China hand The standard that letter industry is being on active service is many, and it is just more numerous that each operator is based on used frequency under various communication standards Miscellaneous to differ, this communication present situation makes the arrangement and method for construction that signal covers complicated, and difficulty of construction is big, be easy to be formed coverage hole with Ping-pong covers the difficulty and cost of signal optimization, public resource is caused to waste after also increasing.
In this case, multi-service compartment system (MultiserviceDistributedAccessSystemSoluti On, MDAS) it comes into being, MDAS, as transmission medium, supports more operators using cable/optical fiber, supports multi-standard, overloading Wave, and integrated WLAN (WirelessLAN, WLAN) system, a step solve voice and data traffic requirement, improve The accuracy of signal covering has been greatly reduced the difficulty of the complexity and construction maintenance of signal covering engineering, with traditional analog Compartment system is compared, and is provided simultaneously with mixed networking, delay compensation, automatic carrier track, uplink bottom are made an uproar the features such as low.
MDAS is mainly made of access unit (MAU/MU), expanding element (MEU/EU) and far-end unit (MRU/RU).
MDAS basic functional principles are as follows:
Downlink (base station --->User):The signal of base station/RRU is linked into after system and carries out number to signal by MU Processing is packed into digital signal, then converts digital signals into optical signals optical fiber by opto-electronic conversion and be transmitted to EU;EU will MU is handled by the signal that optical fiber transmits, then is transferred to RU by optical fiber;The signal processing that RU transmits EU amplifies Afterwards, it is covered away by antenna, is transferred to user.
Uplink (user --->Base station):After the information that user sends out is received by RU, RU to signal at Reason is transferred to EU by optical fiber again;All RU signals transmitted are digitized after processing is packaged and form light by opto-electronic conversion by EU Signal, then MU is transmitted to by optical fiber;After the digital signal of EU is packaged reduction by MU, it is transferred to base station/RRU.
Nowadays in the market the most basic structure composition of multi-service optical fiber distribution system currently in use as shown in Figure 1, but This basic structure cannot be satisfied actual application demand, and waste of resource, thus be by multi-service optical fiber distribution system System basic structure has derived following several concentration networking modes used in practical application scene:
1) star-like networking (as shown in Figure 2);
2) chrysanthemum type networking (as shown in Figure 3);
3) mixed type networking (as shown in Figure 4).
The essence for 3 kinds of networking modes being made of basic structure is the extended capability using EU, EU support the extension of RU from And realize star-like networking mode;EU supports the expansion cascading to EU to realize chrysanthemum type networking mode;Two kinds of extended capability collection Use is closed to realize mixed networking mode.
The standard that the multi-service optical fiber distribution system of above-mentioned three kinds of networking modes is supported is with frequency range by a main access Unit (MU) determine, when MU only supports the standard and frequency range of China Mobile 2G/3G/4G, no matter more industry of which kind of networking mode Business optical fiber distribution system can only also cover and handle the communication service of China Mobile.Such as need to support the business of other operators to need It asks and just needs to replace entire multi-service optical fiber distribution system, including MU, EU and RU, or install a whole set of other operators of support additional again Standard and frequency range multi-service optical fiber distribution system.Such as:Unicom is extended on the basis of original has covered China Mobile's signal It covers, is accomplished by the following way with telecommunication signal:
It adds respectively again and supports unicom and the standard of telecommunications and the optical fiber distribution system of frequency range to cover respective signal, So realize that full signal covering need to just amount to 3 unjacketed optical fiber compartment systems, it is as shown in Figure 5 that system rectifies and improves schematic diagram.
Above-mentioned realization method needs the compartment system of setting two sets or more, realizes that the whole network covers and is required to again or repeatedly Wholly-owned input, covering quantities will also be multiplied, result in waste of resources.
It is extended as it can be seen that carrying out standard to the region covered using existing multi-service optical fiber distribution system to realize different location The multiple access of information source, quantities can be multiplied with cost, original serious waste of resources.
Invention content
The purpose of the embodiment of the present invention is to provide a kind of wireless communication system and method for realizing mostly net unification, can effectively solve Certainly multi-service wireless communication system carries out needing overlapping investment when communication standard extension is covered with the whole network, repeating asking for construction afterwards Topic.
An embodiment of the present invention provides it is a kind of realize mostly net unification wireless communication system, including multiple access units, point At least one expanding element of each access unit is not connected, and at least one distal end being connect with the expanding element Unit, wherein each access unit supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;
In the downlink, the radiofrequency signal received is added corresponding communication standard label by each access unit Each expanding element is sent to by microwave afterwards;Each expanding element is more by the support different operators received The microwave signal that a access unit is sent is sent to each far-end unit after carrying out data processing by optical fiber;Each institute Far-end unit is stated to handle the optical signal received to be converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to be transmitted to use Family;
In the uplink, the radiofrequency signal addition that each far-end unit emits the user received is corresponding logical The corresponding expanding element is sent to by optical fiber after letter standard label;The optical signal prosessing that the expanding element will receive Each access unit is sent to by microwave afterwards;Each access unit is according to logical in the microwave signal received Believe standard label, corresponding communication standard is converted by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and by filtered signal Radiofrequency signal to be sent to corresponding information source.
As the improvement of said program, each access unit include multiple radio-frequency modules, data processing module and Multiple output radio-frequency modules;
Each described radio-frequency module corresponds to the radiofrequency signal for a communication standard for receiving same operator, and is converted into Digital signal is sent to the data processing module;And the digital signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal To be sent to corresponding information source;
The radiofrequency signal digitized processing that the data processing module is used to receive the radio-frequency module, and add phase The communication standard label answered is sent to each output radio-frequency module after being packed into digital signal;And it will be each described defeated After going out the transformed digital signal dissection process of radio-frequency module, by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and will be after filtering Signal be sent to corresponding radio-frequency module;
Each output radio-frequency module is used to the digital signal that the data processing module is sent being converted into microwave letter Number output;And the microwave signal of input is converted into digital signal and is sent to the data processing module.
In one embodiment provided by the invention, each expanding element includes multiple radio-frequency modules, data processing Module and multiple output photoelectric conversion modules;
Each radio-frequency module is correspondingly connected with an access unit, for the microwave signal of input to be converted into counting The data processing module is sent to after word signal;And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into microwave Signal is to export;
The data processing module is sent after the digital signal that each radio-frequency module is sent is carried out data processing To each output photoelectric conversion module;And the digital signal synthesis one for sending each output photoelectric conversion module After railway digital signal, the identical digital signal of multichannel is separated into be sent respectively to each radio-frequency module;
The digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal by each output photoelectric conversion module With output;And the optical signal of input is converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module.
In another embodiment provided by the invention, each expanding element includes multiple radio-frequency modules, at data Manage module, output photoelectric conversion module and optical branching/combining module;
Each radio-frequency module is correspondingly connected with an access unit, for the microwave signal of input to be converted into counting The data processing module is sent to after word signal;And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into microwave Signal is to export;
The data processing module is sent to after the digital signal that each radio-frequency module is sent is carried out data processing The output photoelectric conversion module;And it is sent to after the Digital Signal Processing sent according to the output photoelectric conversion module Each radio-frequency module;
The digital signal all the way that the data processing module is sent is converted into light all the way by the output photoelectric conversion module Signal is to be sent to the optical branching/combining module;And the optical signal all the way of the optical branching/combining module input is converted At digital signal all the way to be sent to the data processing module;
The optical branching/combining module is used to the optical signal all the way that the output photoelectric conversion module is sent being divided into multichannel Identical optical signal is to export;And by the synthesis of the multipath light signal of input all the way optical signal to be sent to the opto-electronic conversion mould Block.
Preferably, second optical branching/combining module includes that input optical port, N number of output optical port, a 1*N wavelength-divisions are multiple With device and 1*N optical branching devices;
The downlink optical signal all the way of the input optical port input is divided into the identical optical signal in the roads N by the 1*N optical branching devices, It is exported respectively by N number of output optical port;
The 1*N wavelength division multiplexers will be after the roads the N traveling optical signal synthesis of N number of output optical port input all the way optical signal It is exported by the input optical port.
As the improvement of said program, each expanding element further includes ethernet module, and the ethernet module is used In access network based on ethernet data, the data processing module is additionally operable at the Ethernet data sent to the ethernet module Reason, and add after corresponding communication standard label be sent to together with the digital signal that each radio-frequency module is sent it is described defeated Go out photoelectric conversion module;
Preferably, each expanding element further includes monitoring module, for monitoring other moulds in the expanding element The working condition of block, and monitored results are sent to monitoring center.
Each of preferably, each expanding element further includes power supply sub-module, be used to connect to the expanding element Far-end unit is powered.
In one embodiment provided by the invention, each far-end unit is single system structure, each distal end Unit supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;Each far-end unit includes photoelectric conversion module, at data Manage module and RF Amplifier Module;
The photoelectric conversion module is used to the optical signal of reception being converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing Module;And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal to export;
The data processing module handles the digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module is sent, not by far-end unit The data filtering of the communication standard of support, and filtered signal is sent to the RF Amplifier Module;And it is penetrated described The digital signal that frequency amplification module is sent is sent to the photoelectric conversion module after adding corresponding communication standard label;
The signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to the RF Amplifier Module and amplification is to be transmitted to User;And it is sent to the data processing mould by digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting Block.
In another embodiment provided by the invention, each far-end unit is full system type pictorial structure, each described remote End unit includes photoelectric conversion module, data processing module and multiple RF Amplifier Modules, each RF Amplifier Module Multiple communication standards of different operators are supported respectively;
The photoelectric conversion module is used to the optical signal of reception being converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing Module;And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal to export;
The data processing module handles the digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module is sent, and is believed according to number Communication standard label in number, by treated, digital signal is sent to supports the RF Amplifier Module of the communication standard;And It is sent to the opto-electronic conversion mould after the digital signal that the RF Amplifier Module is sent is added corresponding communication standard label Block;
The signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to each RF Amplifier Module and amplification is to send out It penetrates to user;And it is sent to digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting at the data Manage module.
An embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of communication means, it is adapted to carry out in the wireless communication system of more net unifications, In, the wireless communication system includes multiple access units, is separately connected at least one extension list of each access unit Member, and at least one far-end unit for being connect with the expanding element, each access unit support different operations respectively Multiple communication standards of quotient;The method includes:
Downlink step:The radiofrequency signal received is added corresponding communication standard label by each access unit Each expanding element is sent to by microwave afterwards;Each expanding element is more by the support different operators received The microwave signal that a access unit is sent is sent to corresponding each far-end unit after carrying out data processing by optical fiber; Each far-end unit is handled the optical signal received to be converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to send out It penetrates to user;Uplink step:The radiofrequency signal that each far-end unit emits the user received is added corresponding The corresponding expanding element is sent to by optical fiber after communication standard label;The expanding element will be at the optical signal that received Each access unit is sent to by microwave after reason;Each access unit is according in the microwave signal received Communication standard label by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and filtered signal is converted into communicating accordingly and is made The radiofrequency signal of formula is to be sent to corresponding information source.
Compared with prior art, the wireless communication system of realization disclosed by the invention mostly net unification passes through line number over/under Dividing for uplink/downlink data packet is realized according to the communication standard label for adding different operators in packet, and according to communication standard label Class simultaneously orients forwarding or filters the communication standard data that uplink/downlink data packet is not supported according to communication standard label, so as to The access unit (MU) of different operators business is supported in enough extension accesses.Use the wireless of different location information source multiple access of the invention Signal blind zone of communication system pair covers an Operator Specific Service, when needing to carry out covering construction to other Operator Specific Services, The access unit (MU) for only needing other Operator Specific Services of extension access support on original wireless communication system, no longer needs to Whole set of system is added, need not repeat to construct.Therefore significantly more efficient to utilize existing resource, save the covering of operator signal at This simultaneously reduces covering engineering construction difficulty.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of basic structure schematic diagram of optical fiber distribution system in the prior art.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the optical fiber distribution system constituted using star-like networking mode.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the optical fiber distribution system constituted using chrysanthemum type networking mode.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the optical fiber distribution system constituted using mixed type networking mode.
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of optical fiber distribution system that realizing different location information source in the prior art.
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides.
Fig. 7 is a kind of knot for realizing the mostly access unit of the wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is a kind of knot for realizing the mostly expanding element of the wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 3 provides Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is a kind of knot for realizing the mostly expanding element of the wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 4 provides Structure schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of optical branching/combining module in expanding element shown in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is a kind of knot for realizing the mostly far-end unit of the wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 5 provides Structure schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is a kind of knot for realizing the mostly far-end unit of the wireless communication system of net unification that the embodiment of the present invention 6 provides Structure schematic diagram.
Figure 13 is a kind of work flow diagram for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 14 is a kind of communication party for wireless communication system being adapted to carry out more net unifications that the embodiment of the present invention 7 provides The flow chart of method.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without creative efforts Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is a kind of structural representation for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention referring to Fig. 6 Figure.Include multiple access unit MU, be separately connected each described connect as shown, the wireless communication system of unification is netted in the realization more Enter at least one expanding element EU of unit MU, and at least one far-end unit RU being connect with the expanding element EU, In, each access unit MU supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively.
For example, the wireless communication system of the present embodiment includes three access units MU1, MU2 and MU3, wherein MU1 is only Support multiple communication standards (including GSM800, GSM1800, TD-SCDMA, TD-LTE) of operator of China Mobile, MU2 is only propped up Multiple communication standards (including GSM800, GSM1800, WCDMA, TD-LTE, FDD-LTE) of China Unicom operator are held, MU3 is only Support multiple communication standards (including CDMA, CDMA2000, TD-LTE, FDD-LTE) of China Telecom.The channel radio of the present embodiment Letter system includes 6 expanding elements EU1, EU2, EU3, EU4, EU5 and EU6, wherein the upstream data input terminal of EU1, EU2, EU3 (downlink data output end) passes through upstream data output end (the downlink data input of optical fiber and access unit MU1, MU2 and MU3 End) connection.And the upstream data output end of each expanding element EU is divided into can not connect multiple expanding elements, for example, extension The upstream data output end of unit EU1 is connected to 8 far-end units RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU5, RU6, RU7 and RU8.
In addition, the upstream data output end (downlink data input terminal) of each expanding element EU can also be with another extension Unit EU connections are transmitted with the extension for further realizing data, for example, upstream data output end (the lower line number of expanding element EU3 According to input terminal) it is connect with the upstream data input terminal (downlink data output end) of expanding element EU4, and expanding element EU4's is upper Row data output end (downlink data input terminal) and the upstream data input terminal (downlink data output end) of expanding element EU5 connect It connects ....
It should be understood that in this embodiment, each described access unit uses single system structure, each extension single First EU uses full system type pictorial structure, and full system type pictorial structure or single system structure can be used in the far-end unit.Wherein, single system structure Refer to only supporting multiple communication standards of single operator (for example, only supporting the logical of China Mobile/China Unicom/China Telecom Believe standard);And full system type pictorial structure is to refer to support the communication standards of all operators (for example, supporting China Mobile, middle League of Nations Logical and China Telecom whole communication standards).
In the downlink of the wireless communication system of the present embodiment, radio frequency that each access unit MU will be received Each expanding element EU is sent to by microwave after the corresponding communication standard label of signal addition;Each expanding element EU passes through light after the microwave signal that multiple access units of the support different operators received are sent is carried out data processing Fibre is sent to corresponding each far-end unit RU;Each far-end unit RU by the optical signal received handle with The radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard is converted into be transmitted to user.
The present embodiment wireless communication system in the uplink, the use that each far-end unit RU will be received The corresponding expanding element EU is sent to by optical fiber after the corresponding communication standard label of radiofrequency signal addition of family transmitting;Institute State expanding element EU will be sent to each access unit MU after the optical signal prosessing received by microwave;It is each described Access unit MU is according to the communication standard label in the microwave signal received, by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, And filtered signal is converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to be sent to corresponding information source.
It should be understood that the networking mode of EU and RU is using mixed networking side in the wireless communication system that Fig. 6 is shown Formula, but star-like networking or chrysanthemum type networking mode also can be used in the wireless communication system of the present embodiment.
It is a kind of access unit for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 7 The structural schematic diagram of MU.Main access devices of the access unit MU of the present embodiment as entire wireless communication system, for passing through Feeder line couples the downlink radio-frequency signal of base station/RRU, and carries out digital processing to the radiofrequency signal and be packed into digital signal, so Carrying out opto-electronic conversion to the digital signal afterwards becomes microwave signal;And the uplink microwave signal from EU is received, pass through photoelectricity Conversion converts optical signals to digital signal, then is reduced to radiofrequency signal to the Digital Signal Processing of packing, is sent via feeder line To base station/RRU.
Specifically, the access unit MU of the present embodiment includes multiple radio-frequency modules 11, data processing module 12 and multiple Radio-frequency module 13 is exported, wherein:
Each described radio-frequency module 11 is equipped with prevention at radio-frequency port, and a communication for receiving same operator is corresponded to by feeder line The radiofrequency signal of standard, and be converted into digital signal and be sent to the data processing module 12;And by data processing module 12 The digital signal of transmission is converted into radiofrequency signal to be sent to corresponding information source;
The radiofrequency signal digitized processing that the data processing module 12 is used to receive the radio-frequency module 11, and add Each output radio-frequency module 13 is sent to after adding corresponding communication standard label to be packed into digital signal;And it will be each After 13 transformed digital signal dissection process of the output radio-frequency module, by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and It is sent to corresponding radio-frequency module 11 according to the communication standard label in filtered digital signal;
Each output radio-frequency module 13 is correspondingly connected with an expanding element EU, is used for the data processing mould The digital signal that block 12 is sent is converted into microwave signal and exports to corresponding expanding element;And the microwave signal of input is converted It is sent to the data processing module 12 at digital signal.
Preferably, the access unit MU of the present embodiment further includes power module 14 and monitoring module 15, wherein power module 14 for each function module (including radio-frequency module 11, data processing module 12, output radio-frequency module 13 and the prison in MU Control module 15) power supply.And the monitoring module 15 is used to monitor each function module (including radio frequency in the access unit Module 11, data processing module 12, output radio-frequency module 13 and power module 14) working condition, and it is monitored results are timely It is sent to monitoring center, to ensure the normal work of access unit.
It is a kind of expanding element for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 8 The structural schematic diagram of EU.In the present embodiment, each expanding element EU can realize the extension and combining of microwave signal, existing institute There is the microwave signal that the radiofrequency signal under communication standard is formed after MU processing conversions that can receive, forward and extension.It can also be real Existing power extension and the power demands for meeting multichannel far-end unit RU, support the power supply to RU or EU to extend.
Specifically, the expanding element EU of the present embodiment includes multiple radio-frequency modules 21, data processing module 22 and multiple Output photoelectric conversion module 23;
Each radio-frequency module 21 (being equipped with antenna) is correspondingly connected with an access unit MU, micro- for that will input Wave signal is sent to the data processing module 22 after being converted into digital signal;And send the data processing module 22 Digital signal is converted into microwave signal to export to corresponding access unit;
The digital signal that each radio-frequency module 21 is sent is carried out data processing and (first beaten by the data processing module 22 Subpackage after packet) after be sent to each output photoelectric conversion module 23;And by each output photoelectric conversion module 23 digital signals sent are sent to each radio-frequency module 21 after carrying out data processing (subpackage after being first packaged).
Each output photoelectric conversion module 23 (being equipped with optical port) is correspondingly connected with a far-end unit RU or extension is single First EU, the digital signal for sending the data processing module 22 are converted into optical signal to export to corresponding far-end unit RU or expanding element EU;And the optical signal of input is converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module 22.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, each expanding element EU further includes being connect with the data processing module 22 Ethernet module 26, the ethernet module 26 is used for access network based on ethernet data, and is sent to the data processing module 22. After the data processing module 22 receives the Ethernet data of the transmission of the ethernet module 26, corresponding communication standard mark is added Subpackage is sent to each output photoelectric turn again after being packaged together with the digital signal that each radio-frequency module is sent after label Change the mold block 23.
As the improvement of said program, each expanding element EU further includes power extension module 25, is used for described Each far-end unit RU of expanding element EU connections powers.
As the improvement of said program, each expanding element EU further includes monitoring module 24, for monitoring the expansion Open up in unit EU each function module (including radio-frequency module 21, data processing module 22, output photoelectric conversion module 23, Ethernet module 26 and power extension module 25) working condition, and monitored results are timely transmitted to monitoring center, to ensure The normal work of expanding element.
It is a kind of expanding element for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 9 Another structural schematic diagram of EU.Specifically, the expanding element EU of the present embodiment includes multiple radio-frequency modules 21, data processing module 22, output photoelectric conversion module 23 and optical branching/combining module 29;Wherein:
Each radio-frequency module 21 (being equipped with optical port) is correspondingly connected with an access unit MU, for what will be inputted Microwave signal is sent to the data processing module 22 after being converted into digital signal;And the data processing module 22 is sent Digital signal be converted into microwave signal to export to corresponding access unit;
The digital signal that each radio-frequency module 21 is sent is carried out data processing and (beaten by the data processing module 22 Packet) after be sent to the output photoelectric conversion module 23;And the digital signal for sending the output photoelectric conversion module 23 It is sent to each radio-frequency module 21 after processing (subpackage).
The digital signal all the way that the data processing module 22 is sent is converted into one by the output photoelectric conversion module 23 Road optical signal is to be sent to the optical branching/combining module 29;And the light all the way for inputting the optical branching/combining module 29 Signal be converted into all the way digital signal to be sent to the data processing module 22;
The optical branching/combining module 29 is for the optical signal all the way that the output photoelectric conversion module 23 is sent to be divided into The identical optical signal of multichannel is to export to far-end unit RU or expanding element EU;And all the way by the multipath light signal synthesis of input Optical signal is to be sent to the output photoelectric conversion module 23.
In addition, the expanding element EU of the present embodiment also includes ethernet module 26, power extension module 25 and monitoring module 24, concrete structure and effect and it is shown in Fig. 8 consistent, herein omission describe.
Wherein, structure as shown in Figure 10 can be used in the optical branching of the present embodiment/combining module 29.Optical branching/the combining Module 29 includes an input optical port 290, N number of output optical port 293,1*N wavelength division multiplexers 291 and 1*N optical branching devices 292;
It is identical that the downlink optical signal all the way that inputs of input optical port 290 is divided into the roads N by the 1*N optical branching devices 292 Optical signal is exported by N number of output optical port 293 respectively;
The roads the N traveling optical signal that N number of output optical port 293 inputs is synthesized light all the way by the 1*N wavelength division multiplexers 291 It is exported by the input optical port 290 after signal.
It should be noted that wavelength division multiplexer is to close the different multipath light signal of wavelength to transmission inside optical fiber all the way, Optical signal contains the optical signals of multiple and different wavelength all the way for this;And optical branching device is that optical signal is divided into the identical light letter of multichannel Number, the wavelength that these multipath light signals contain is identical, and the data contained are also identical.
As it can be seen that the expanding element EU of the present embodiment can also realize function shown in Fig. 8, unlike, the expansion of the present embodiment Exhibition unit EU, which removes multiple output photoelectric modules 23 of the export expansion branch of expanding element EU shown in Fig. 8, to be left behind all the way Output photoelectric conversion module 23, transformed optical signals optical branching/combining module 29 are divided for multipath light signal to realize extension Function, under certain condition, such as the optical signal that output photoelectric conversion module 23 exports is sufficiently strong or optical signal passes through light Decaying after fibre is small, then optical branching/29 port number of combining module can be unrestricted, the advantages of this mode just breaches expansion Open up unit EU extension quantity and the extension unmodifiable bottleneck of quantity.Common expanding element EU extensions quantity is 8 tunnels, and uses this Optical signal branch can be easily 16 or 32 etc. by kind mode.It can also realizing customization, such as 3 to EU extension RU quantity Road or the output of 5 tunnels or 11 tunnels, and only need to change optical branching module and modification to output port number can be realized.
It is a kind of far-end unit for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 11 The structural schematic diagram of RU.Wherein, the far-end unit RU of the present embodiment uses single system structure, i.e., each far-end unit RU to divide Not Zhi Chi different operators multiple communication standards.Specifically, each far-end unit RU includes photoelectric conversion module 31, number According to processing module 32, RF Amplifier Module 33.Wherein:
The photoelectric conversion module 31 (being equipped with optical port) is correspondingly connected with expanding element EU by optical fiber, for what will be received Optical signal is converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module 32;And send the data processing module 32 Digital signal is converted into optical signal to export to corresponding expanding element;
The digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module 31 is sent is handled (data solution by the data processing module 32 Packet), the data filtering for the communication standard that itself is not supported, and filtered signal is sent to the RF Amplifier Module 33;And it is sent to the light after digital signal that the RF Amplifier Module 33 is sent added corresponding communication standard label Electric conversion module 31.For example, when the data processing module 32 receives the digital signal of the transmission of the photoelectric conversion module 31 In comprising China Mobile's standard data and China Unicom communication standard data when, if far-end unit RU itself is Only support China Mobile standard, then, the data processing module 32 comprising China Unicom by communicating in after unpacking The data filtering of standard, the remaining data comprising China Mobile's standard are sent to RF Amplifier Module 33.In addition, working as institute When stating the Ethernet data comprising the communication standard itself supported in data processing module 32, then (pass through corresponding port) directly It is sent to the computer terminal of connection Ethernet.
The signal that data processing module 32 is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to the RF Amplifier Module 33 and amplification is to send out It penetrates and gives user's (mobile terminal);And it is sent to digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting The data processing module 32.
Preferably, the far-end unit RU of the present embodiment further include by electric module 34 and monitoring module 35, it is described by electric module The 34 power extension module 25 for connecting expanding element EU, each work(of electric energy into far-end unit RU for that will receive It can module (including photoelectric conversion module 31, data processing module 32, RF Amplifier Module 33 and monitoring module 35) power supply.It is described Monitoring module 35 is used to monitor each function module in the far-end unit RU (including at photoelectric conversion module 31, data Manage module 32, RF Amplifier Module 33 and by electric module 34) working condition, and monitored results are timely transmitted in monitoring The heart, to ensure the normal work of far-end unit RU.
It is a kind of far-end unit for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 12 Another structural schematic diagram of RU.Wherein, the far-end unit RU of the present embodiment uses full system type pictorial structure, the i.e. distal end of the present embodiment single First RU supports all communication standards of various operators.
Specifically, far-end unit RU includes photoelectric conversion module 31, data processing module 32 and the amplification of multiple radio frequencies Module 33, each RF Amplifier Module 33 support multiple communication standards of different operators respectively, wherein:
The photoelectric conversion module 31 (being equipped with optical port) is correspondingly connected with expanding element EU by optical fiber, for what will be received Optical signal is converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module 32;And send the data processing module 32 Digital signal is converted into optical signal to export to corresponding expanding element;
The digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module 31 is sent is handled (data solution by the data processing module 32 Packet), and according to the communication standard label in digital signal, by treated, digital signal is sent to penetrating for the support communication standard Frequency amplification module 33;And it is sent out after digital signal that the RF Amplifier Module 33 is sent added corresponding communication standard label Give the photoelectric conversion module 31;For example, being sent when the data processing module 32 receives the photoelectric conversion module 31 Digital signal in comprising China Mobile's standard data and China Unicom communication standard data when, then will include China The data of mobile communication standard correspond to the RF Amplifier Module 33 for being sent to and supporting the communication standard, and will lead to comprising China Unicom The data of letter standard are sent to another RF Amplifier Module 33 for supporting the communication standard.Likewise, working as the data processing mould In block 32 when Ethernet data comprising communication standard itself that supported, then (pass through corresponding port) and be transmitted directly to connection with The computer terminal netted very much.
The signal that data processing module 32 is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal and amplification by each RF Amplifier Module 33 To be transmitted to user;And it is sent to the number by digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting According to processing module 32.
In addition, the far-end unit RU of the present embodiment also includes by electric module 34 and monitoring module 35, concrete structure and function Please refer to above-described embodiment.
In the following, in conjunction with Figure 13, to a kind of work for realizing the mostly wireless communication system of net unification provided in an embodiment of the present invention It is described in detail as principle.Wireless communication system operation principle provided in this embodiment is as follows:
Downlink
Step 1:MU data receivers
The MU of single system structure receives the radiofrequency signal that information source is sent to MU respective radio-frequencies port by feeder line.
Step 2:MU data processings
The radiofrequency signal digitized processing that the radio-frequency module of MU will receive, and communication system is added by data processing module Formula label is packed into digital signal, and digital signal is converted into microwave signal by radio-frequency module and amplifies output.
Step 3:MU data are sent
Amplified microwave signal is radiated in space by MU by antenna.
Step 4:EU data receivers
EU antennas receive the microwave signal that MU is sent by space radiation.Ethernet data is connect by Ethernet interface Enter to EU.
Step 5:EU data processings
EU receives microwave signal, is carried out by corresponding radio-frequency module to the microwave signal that different MU are sended over Processing is converted into digital signal, which send the data processing module to EU to carry out data processing together with Ethernet data It is packaged, and forms the digital signal of multichannel, optical signal is converted by multichannel photoelectric conversion module respectively and send to optical port.
Step 6:EU data are sent
Optical signals composite fiber (containing power cord) is sent to the optical port of EU or RU by EU by extending optical port.
Step 7:RU data receivers
RU optical ports receive the optical signal from EU.
Step 8:RU data processings
The optical signal of reception is converted to digital signal by RU by photoelectric conversion module, when RU uses single system structure, The data processing module of RU is lost the data filtering of the RU communication standards that do not support, so by identifying communication standard flag bit Filtered data are sent to RF Amplifier Module afterwards and are converted to radiofrequency signal, are sent by signal amplification;When RU is adopted When with full system type pictorial structure, the data processing module of RU by identifying communication standard flag bit, by different systems data packet respectively into Row data dissection process, forms new digital signal, and is distributed to the corresponding RF Amplifier Module of standard and is converted to radio frequency letter Number, it is sent by signal amplification.
Step 9:RU signals cover
Radiofrequency signal is coupled to antenna by feeder line, by antenna by signal radiation go out realize signal covering, user terminal Receive the transmission that data complete a downlink signal.
Uplink
Step 1:RU data receivers
User terminal sends signal in compartment system coverage area, and the communication standard of the signal is supported by RU.
Step 2:RU data processings
RU receives the radiofrequency signal that user terminal is sent out, and digital signal, the number of RU are reconverted into after amplification The data are handled according to processing module and add communication standard label, then to transfer to photoelectric conversion module to be converted to optical signal defeated Go out.
Step 3:RU data are sent
Optical signals composite fiber (containing power cord) is sent to the optical port of EU by RU by optical port.
Step 4:EU data receivers
EU optical ports receive the optical signal from RU.
Step 5:EU data processings
The optical signal of reception is converted to electric signal by the photoelectric conversion module of EU, and data processing module processing is transferred to be formed New data packet is sent to ethernet module according to the communication standard tag extraction Ethernet data of data packet, and will be after extraction Data each radio-frequency module is sent to broadcast mode, microwave signal is converted by radio-frequency module and amplifies output; If being sent to ethernet module, I nternet are transferred data to by ethernet module.
Step 6:EU data are sent
Amplified microwave signal is radiated in space by EU by antenna.
Step 7:MU data receivers
The antenna of MU receives the microwave signal that EU is sent by space radiation.
Step 8:MU data processings
The microwave signal received is converted to digital signal by MU by radio-frequency module, and the data processing module of MU is to data After packet carries out data dissection process, according to the communication standard label in the microwave signal received, the communication standard that will do not supported Data filtering, and filtered signal is converted into the radio-frequency module of corresponding communication standard, is converted to radiofrequency signal.
Step 9:MU signals upload
Radiofrequency signal is coupled to base station/RRU by feeder line, completes the transmission of a uplink signal.
It is a kind of the logical of wireless communication system being adapted to carry out more net unifications provided in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to figure 14 The flow chart of letter method.Wherein, the wireless communication system includes multiple access units, is separately connected each access unit At least one expanding element, and at least one far-end unit for being connect with the expanding element, each access unit Multiple communication standards of different operators are supported respectively;The method includes:
Step S1501, downlink step:Each access unit is corresponding logical by the radiofrequency signal received addition Each expanding element is sent to by microwave after letter standard label;Each expanding element is different by the support received The microwave signal that multiple access units of operator are sent is sent to corresponding each institute after carrying out data processing by optical fiber State far-end unit;Each far-end unit is handled the optical signal received to be converted into penetrating for corresponding communication standard Frequency signal is to be transmitted to user;
Step S1502, uplink step:Each far-end unit adds the radiofrequency signal that the user received emits Add and the corresponding expanding element is sent to by optical fiber after corresponding communication standard label;The expanding element will receive Each access unit is sent to by microwave after optical signal prosessing;Each access unit is according to the microwave received Communication standard label in signal is converted into accordingly by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and by filtered signal Communication standard radiofrequency signal to be sent to corresponding information source.
In conclusion realization disclosed by the invention nets the wireless communication system of unification more and method passes through line number over/under Dividing for uplink/downlink data packet is realized according to the communication standard label for adding different operators in packet, and according to communication standard label Class simultaneously orients forwarding or filters the communication standard data that uplink/downlink data packet is not supported according to communication standard label, so as to The access unit (MU) that different operators business is supported in access can be extended.Use different location information source multiple access of the invention Signal blind zone of wireless communication system pair covers an Operator Specific Service, needs to carry out covering construction to other Operator Specific Services When, it is only necessary to the access unit (MU) of other Operator Specific Services, nothing are supported in extension access on original wireless communication system Whole set of system need to be added again, need not repeat to construct.Therefore significantly more efficient to utilize existing resource, it saves operator's signal and covers Lid cost simultaneously reduces covering engineering construction difficulty.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvements and modifications are also considered as Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. it is a kind of realize mostly net unification wireless communication system, which is characterized in that including multiple access units, be separately connected it is each At least one expanding element of the access unit, and at least one far-end unit for being connect with the expanding element, wherein Each access unit supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;
In the downlink, each access unit leads to after the radiofrequency signal received is added corresponding communication standard label It crosses microwave and is sent to each expanding element;Each expanding element meets the multiple of support different operators received Corresponding each far-end unit is sent to by optical fiber after entering the microwave signal progress data processing of unit transmission;It is each The far-end unit is handled the optical signal received to be converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to be transmitted to User;Wherein, include to the processing of the optical signal received the optical signal received is converted into digital signal, and The signal that the communication standard is corresponded in the digital signal is converted into the radiofrequency signal;
In the uplink, the corresponding communication system of radiofrequency signal addition that each far-end unit emits the user received The corresponding expanding element is sent to by optical fiber after formula label;The expanding element will be equal after the optical signal prosessing received It is sent to each access unit by microwave;Each access unit is according to the communication system in the microwave signal received Formula label is converted into penetrating for corresponding communication standard by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and by filtered signal Frequency signal is to be sent to corresponding information source.
2. the wireless communication system as described in claim 1 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each access unit Including multiple radio-frequency modules, data processing module and multiple output radio-frequency modules;
Each described radio-frequency module corresponds to the radiofrequency signal for a communication standard for receiving same operator, and is converted into number Signal is sent to the data processing module;And the digital signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to send out Give corresponding information source;
The radiofrequency signal digitized processing that the data processing module is used to receive the radio-frequency module, and add corresponding Communication standard label is sent to each output radio-frequency module after being packed into digital signal;And each output is penetrated After the transformed digital signal dissection process of frequency module, by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and by filtered letter Number it is sent to corresponding radio-frequency module;
Each output radio-frequency module is used to the digital signal that the data processing module is sent being converted into microwave signal defeated Go out;And the microwave signal of input is converted into digital signal and is sent to the data processing module.
3. the wireless communication system as described in claim 1 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each expanding element Including multiple radio-frequency modules, data processing module and multiple output photoelectric conversion modules;
Each radio-frequency module is correspondingly connected with an access unit, for the microwave signal of input to be converted into digital letter The data processing module is sent to after number;And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into microwave signal With output;
The data processing module is sent to often after the digital signal that each radio-frequency module is sent is carried out data processing The one output photoelectric conversion module;And one way of digital signal synthesis for sending each output photoelectric conversion module After word signal, the identical digital signal of multichannel is separated into be sent respectively to each radio-frequency module;
The digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal with defeated by each output photoelectric conversion module Go out;And the optical signal of input is converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module.
4. the wireless communication system as described in claim 1 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each expanding element Including multiple radio-frequency modules, data processing module, output photoelectric conversion module and optical branching/combining module;
The data processing module will be sent to described after the digital signal progress data processing of each radio-frequency module transmission Output photoelectric conversion module;And it is sent to after the Digital Signal Processing sent according to the output photoelectric conversion module each The radio-frequency module;
The digital signal all the way that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal all the way by the output photoelectric conversion module To be sent to the optical branching/combining module;And the optical signal all the way of the optical branching/combining module input is converted into one Railway digital signal is to be sent to the data processing module;
The optical branching/combining module is used to the optical signal all the way that the output photoelectric conversion module is sent being divided into multichannel identical Optical signal to export;And by the synthesis of the multipath light signal of input all the way optical signal to be sent to the photoelectric conversion module.
5. the wireless communication system as claimed in claim 4 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that the optical branching/combining Module includes an input optical port, N number of output optical port, 1*N wavelength division multiplexers and 1*N optical branching devices;Wherein, N is natural number;
The downlink optical signal all the way of the input optical port input is divided into the identical optical signal in the roads N by the 1*N optical branching devices, respectively It is exported by N number of output optical port;
The 1*N wavelength division multiplexers will pass through after the roads the N traveling optical signal synthesis of N number of output optical port input all the way optical signal The input optical port output.
6. as claim 3~5 any one of them realizes the wireless communication system of more net unifications, which is characterized in that Mei Yisuo It further includes ethernet module to state expanding element, and the ethernet module is used for access network based on ethernet data, the data processing module Be additionally operable to handle the Ethernet data that the ethernet module is sent, and add after corresponding communication standard label with it is every The digital signal that one radio-frequency module is sent is sent to the output photoelectric conversion module together.
7. the wireless communication system as claimed in claim 6 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each expanding element Further include monitoring module, the working condition for monitoring other modules in the expanding element, and monitored results are sent to Monitoring center;
Each expanding element further includes power supply sub-module, and each far-end unit for being connected to the expanding element supplies Electricity.
8. the wireless communication system as described in claim 1 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each far-end unit For single system structure, each far-end unit supports multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;Each distal end is single Member includes photoelectric conversion module, data processing module and RF Amplifier Module;
The photoelectric conversion module is used to the optical signal of reception being converted into digital signal to be sent to the data processing module; And the digital signal that the data processing module is sent is converted into optical signal to export;
The data processing module handles the digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module is sent, and far-end unit is not supported Communication standard data filtering, and filtered signal is sent to the RF Amplifier Module;And the radio frequency is put The digital signal that big module is sent is sent to the photoelectric conversion module after adding corresponding communication standard label;
The signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to the RF Amplifier Module and amplification is to be transmitted to user; And it is sent to the data processing module by digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting.
9. the wireless communication system as described in claim 1 for realizing more net unifications, which is characterized in that each far-end unit For full system type pictorial structure, each far-end unit includes photoelectric conversion module, data processing module and multiple radio frequencies amplification mould Block, each RF Amplifier Module support multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;
The data processing module handles the digital signal that the photoelectric conversion module is sent, and according in digital signal Communication standard label, by treated, digital signal is sent to supports the RF Amplifier Module of the communication standard;And by institute It is sent to the photoelectric conversion module after stating the corresponding communication standard label of digital signal addition of RF Amplifier Module transmission;
The signal that data processing module is sent is converted into radiofrequency signal to each RF Amplifier Module and amplification is to be transmitted to User;And it is sent to the data processing mould by digital signal is converted into after the radiofrequency signal amplification of the user received transmitting Block.
10. a kind of communication means is adapted to carry out in the wireless communication system of more net unifications, wherein the wireless communication system Including multiple access units, it is separately connected at least one expanding element of each access unit, and single with the extension At least one far-end unit of member connection, each access unit support multiple communication standards of different operators respectively;Its It is characterized in that, the method includes:
Downlink step:Each access unit leads to after the radiofrequency signal received is added corresponding communication standard label It crosses microwave and is sent to each expanding element;Each expanding element meets the multiple of support different operators received Corresponding each far-end unit is sent to by optical fiber after entering the microwave signal progress data processing of unit transmission;It is each The far-end unit is handled the optical signal received to be converted into the radiofrequency signal of corresponding communication standard to be transmitted to User;Wherein, include to the processing of the optical signal received the optical signal received is converted into digital signal, and The signal that the communication standard is corresponded in the digital signal is converted into the radiofrequency signal;
Uplink step:The corresponding communication system of radiofrequency signal addition that each far-end unit emits the user received The corresponding expanding element is sent to by optical fiber after formula label;The expanding element will be equal after the optical signal prosessing received It is sent to each access unit by microwave;Each access unit is according to the communication system in the microwave signal received Formula label is converted into penetrating for corresponding communication standard by the data filtering for the communication standard that do not support, and by filtered signal Frequency signal is to be sent to corresponding information source.
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