CN105220612A - A kind of bridge rain water collecting system - Google Patents

A kind of bridge rain water collecting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105220612A
CN105220612A CN201510760239.3A CN201510760239A CN105220612A CN 105220612 A CN105220612 A CN 105220612A CN 201510760239 A CN201510760239 A CN 201510760239A CN 105220612 A CN105220612 A CN 105220612A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bridge
guiding gutter
water collecting
rain water
rhone
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510760239.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宁平华
唐明裴
欧键灵
凌晨
陆永帆
梁小聪
郭钰瑜
李新春
Original Assignee
广州市市政工程设计研究总院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 广州市市政工程设计研究总院 filed Critical 广州市市政工程设计研究总院
Priority to CN201510760239.3A priority Critical patent/CN105220612A/en
Publication of CN105220612A publication Critical patent/CN105220612A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bridge rain water collecting system, relate to bridge deck drainage constructing technology field.Described bridge rain water collecting system comprises the guiding gutter be arranged on bridge floor and the rhone be arranged on below guiding gutter, the setting direction described guiding gutter crossing with bridge floor longitudinal direction of described guiding gutter is provided with delivery port, and the delivery port of guiding gutter connects rhone.This bridge rain water collecting system can promote bridge deck rainwater collecting rate, effectively reduces deck runoff amount, avoids access bridge ground plane place ponding; Meanwhile, can avoid flowing into rivers across river section bridge floor rainwater to pollute.

Description

A kind of bridge rain water collecting system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of bridge deck drainage structure, particularly relate to a kind of bridge deck rainwater collecting system of bridge.

Background technology

Generally, bridge rainwater directly enters rivers by bridge floor or the Fence structure perforate of bridge both sides; And for the rivers section in water conservation district scope, not directly enter rivers across rivers bridge floor rainwater, enter after rainwater needs to be collected by certain measure on the bank in storm-water system.At present, conventional in the engineering equal Shortcomings of several rainwater-collecting modes.One makes inlet for stom water by bridge floor or the Fence structure perforate of bridge both sides, the hanging tube of bridge both sides is accessed by tube connector, finally transfer ashore in drainage system, this cover system adopts hanging tube to collect, hanging tube caliber increases with the increase of collecting amount of rainfall, pipeline is difficult to install to be fixed, and affects the aesthetic of bridge entirety; Another kind of mode is then to utilize under bridge floor sidewalk sectional space as the collection transfer tunnel of bridge floor rainwater, but which exist section conveyance capacity low, take other special pipelines and lay space, clearly dredge the problems such as difficult in maintenance; Also have a kind of mode be for across rivers apart from short bridge, bridge is not considered to arrange rainwater-collecting facility, and rainwater flows to two sides along bridge floor, and collect by the inlet for stom water arranged near bridge pin on the bank the drainage system entered on the bank, which easily causes bridge pin ponding.

Summary of the invention

For the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of lifting bridge deck rainwater collecting rate, reduce deck runoff amount, avoid the bridge deck rainwater collecting system of access bridge ground plane place ponding, concrete scheme is as follows:

A kind of bridge rain water collecting system, comprise the guiding gutter be arranged on bridge floor and the rhone be arranged on below guiding gutter, the setting direction of described guiding gutter is crossing with bridge longitudinal direction; Guiding gutter is provided with delivery port, and the delivery port of guiding gutter connects rhone.

Further, described rhone is positioned at the outside of bridge, and the delivery port of guiding gutter extends to the top of rhone.Preferably, bridge floor is arranged multiple rhone, the rainwater diversion of bridge floor is entered in rhone.

Preferably, described guiding gutter is semi open model guiding gutter, and guiding gutter is made up of deck profile grade and the overfall being arranged on bridge floor, and rainwater can be guided to the delivery port of guiding gutter along overfall.

Preferably, described overfall is exceed the masonry of bridge floor or be arranged on the L-type component of bridge floor.

Preferably, the direction vector synthesized by vector that the setting direction of described guiding gutter is deck transverse slope numerical value and direction composition vector and longitudinal gradient numerical value and direction form.

Further, the edge of described bridge floor is provided with the sidewalk of hollow, and described guiding gutter is positioned at the below on sidewalk; The side on described sidewalk is provided with kerbstone, and kerbstone is provided with inlet for stom water.

Further, grid is established in described inlet for stom water.

Further, the outside on described sidewalk is provided with fence, and bottom described fence, the position of corresponding guiding gutter is provided with weep hole.

Further, also comprise leader, the upper end communicated drainage groove of described leader.Preferably, rhone is U-shaped rhone.

Preferably, described leader is close to and is hung on bridge bottom surface, bridge pier outer wall, the end of leader upper end communicated drainage groove, and lower end connects surface drainage system manhole or emergency management facility.

Bridge rain water collecting system of the present invention, inlet for stom water adopts side entering type, and be located on catwalk kerbstone, bridge floor rainwater flows into from inlet for stom water, establishes grid in inlet for stom water, the floating things such as catching rubbish.Inlet for stom water rear end connects the guiding gutter of semi open model.Semi open model guiding gutter is located at below sidewalk and in fence, is connected inlet for stom water and plug-in U-shaped rhone, the rainwater diversion entering inlet for stom water is entered U-shaped rhone.Bridge both sides are located at by U-shaped rhone, collect the rainwater of all drainage troughs, and downstream connects leader on the bank.Plug-in leader connects U-shaped rhone and surface drainage system manhole or emergency management facility on the bank.

This bridge rain water collecting system adopts semi open model guiding gutter to collect bridge floor rainwater, improves bridge deck rainwater collecting rate, can effectively reduce deck runoff amount, avoid access bridge ground plane place ponding; On the other hand, under semi open model guiding gutter is located at bridge floor sidewalk, it is less that semi open model guiding gutter takies sidewalk sectional space, do not affect other special pipelines and lay, and the space under sidewalk also can not form ponding because of face, sidewalk rain leakage.In addition, bridge rain water collecting system of the present invention adopts U-shaped rhone to transfer rainwater, compares pipeline and enhances conveyance capacity, realizes the bridge span river long distance of section rainwater and transfers, and facility is easy to install and good looking appearance.And rain water collecting system of the present invention, at ordinary times for bridge deck rainwater collecting and transferring, when there is the burst accident that liquid dangerous material leak, can be used as and collect and transfer liquid dangerous material to accident emergency facility on the bank.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the plan view of embodiment of the present invention Bridge 1 beam rain water collecting system;

Fig. 2 is embodiment of the present invention Bridge 1 beam rain water collecting system transverse cross;

Fig. 3 is the transverse cross of embodiment of the present invention Bridge 1 beam rain water collecting system guiding gutter;

Fig. 4 is the transverse cross of embodiment of the present invention Bridge 2 beam rain water collecting system guiding gutter;

Fig. 5 is the transverse cross of the embodiment of the present invention 3 bridge rain water collecting system.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to more fully understand technology contents of the present invention, below in conjunction with specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention being introduced further and illustrating.

Embodiment 1

As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, bridge rain water collecting system is arranged on crossing-fiver bridge, and crossing-fiver bridge comprises pontic 13 and bridge pier 11, and the bridge floor both sides of pontic 13 are provided with sidewalk 10, is roadway 12 between sidewalk, both sides 10.The outside on sidewalk 10 is provided with fence 7, and fence 7 is positioned at the edge of pontic 13 bridge floor both sides.

Bridge rain water collecting system comprises inlet for stom water 1, guiding gutter 2, U-shaped rhone 3, leader 4.

Be provided with support post 9 below sidewalk 10, sidewalk 10 is laid on support post 9, makes the space forming hollow below sidewalk 10.The side of the corresponding roadway 12 in sidewalk 10 is provided with kerbstone 6, and kerbstone 6 is provided with multiple inlet for stom water 1.Inlet for stom water 1 section is rectangle, and A/F allows the runoff depth of water, inlet for stom water 1 quantity and rainwater-collecting range computation rainfall to determine according to bridge floor.Grid 5 is provided with, for floating things such as catching rubbish in inlet for stom water 1.

Guiding gutter 2 is positioned at the below on sidewalk 10, and one end connects inlet for stom water, and the other end is through fence 7.The corresponding position arranging guiding gutter 2, bottom of fence 7 is provided with weep hole.After guiding gutter 2 stretches out fence 7, export and vertically access U-shaped rhone 3 in 90 ° of curved groove modes.

As shown in Figure 3, guiding gutter 2 forms semi open model guiding gutter by deck profile grade and the overfall 8 being arranged on bridge floor, overfall 8 is for exceeding the masonry of bridge floor, namely guiding gutter 2 only establishes overfall 8 in Cheng Shui side, opposite side and end face are cancelled, utilize deck profile grade, make rainwater be guided to the delivery port of guiding gutter 2 along overfall 8.The new direction vector c (as shown in Figure 1) synthesized by vector b that vector a and longitudinal gradient numerical value and direction that guiding gutter 2 setting direction presses deck transverse slope numerical value and direction composition form.This setting direction of guiding gutter 2 and bridge floor longitudinal midline oblique, in the direction in which, the bridge floor gradient is maximum gradient, therefore, rainwater will all enter inlet for stom water 1 by this direction of maximum slope, the problem that basic solution rainwater flows through and do not enter before inlet for stom water 1, avoids rainwater to continue to cause downstream ponding along the longitudinal runoff of bridge floor.

The height of overfall 8 is identical with the height of inlet for stom water 1, takies the space under sidewalk as far as possible less, do not affect the laying of other pipelines while ensureing water conservancy diversion effect; Meanwhile, rainwater is guided to the delivery port of guiding gutter 2 by overfall 8, can not form ponding below sidewalk because of face, sidewalk seepage.

U-shaped rhone 3 hangs over outside pontic 13 outside crossing-fiver bridge fence 7, and section is U-shaped, and section width meets appearance requirement, and the degree of depth calculates according to flow and the gradient to be determined.The gradient of U-shaped rhone 3 follows the change of crossing-fiver bridge longitudinal grade.U-shaped rhone 3 extends on the bank from across arranging the section central authorities of river always, connects leader 4, collection guiding gutter 2 rainwater along the line.

The end of the U-shaped rhone 3 of termination on leader 4, and be close to bridge bottom surface, bridge pier 11 outer wall hangs, lower end access surface drainage system manhole or emergency management facility.Leader 4 caliber is determined by flow rate calculation.

By connecting between each parts, crossing-fiver bridge bridge floor rainwater (or liquid dangerous material leakage fluid) is collected through inlet for stom water 1, semi open model guiding gutter 2 water conservancy diversion, the long distance of plug-in U-shaped rhone 3 is transferred, surface drainage system manhole or emergency management facility is on the bank accessed finally by leader 4, avoid flowing into rivers across river section bridge floor rainwater to pollute, and minimizing deck runoff rainwater and access bridge connect the ponding at ground place on the bank.

Embodiment 2

As shown in Figure 4, the difference of the bridge rain water collecting system of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is, in the present embodiment, the overfall 8 of composition rhone 2 is L-type component, L-type component while be embedded on bridge floor, another side protrudes bridge floor, and rainwater can protrude the delivery port being guided to guiding gutter of bridge floor along L-type component.Other structures are identical with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 3

As shown in Figure 5, when the bridge floor both sides of crossing-fiver bridge are without sidewalk, the inlet for stom water 1 of rain water collecting system is located at the bottom of fence 7, arranges grid 5 in inlet for stom water 1, and guiding gutter 2 is through bottom fence 7.Other structures are identical with embodiment 1.

The above only further illustrates technology contents of the present invention with embodiment, so that reader is easier to understand, but does not represent embodiments of the present invention and is only limitted to this, and any technology done according to the present invention extends or recreation, all by protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a bridge rain water collecting system, is characterized in that, comprise the guiding gutter be arranged on bridge floor and the rhone be arranged on below guiding gutter, the setting direction of described guiding gutter is crossing with bridge longitudinal direction; Described guiding gutter is provided with delivery port, and the delivery port of guiding gutter connects rhone.
2. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described rhone is positioned at the outside of bridge, and the delivery port of guiding gutter extends to the top of rhone.
3. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described guiding gutter is semi open model guiding gutter, and guiding gutter is made up of deck profile grade and the overfall being arranged on bridge floor, and rainwater can be guided to the delivery port of guiding gutter along overfall.
4. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described overfall is exceed the masonry of bridge floor or be arranged on the L-type component of bridge floor.
5. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the direction vector synthesized by the vector that the vector that the setting direction of described guiding gutter is deck transverse slope numerical value and direction composition and longitudinal gradient numerical value and direction form.
6. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the edge of described bridge floor is provided with the sidewalk of hollow, and described guiding gutter is positioned at the below on sidewalk; The side on described sidewalk is provided with kerbstone, and kerbstone is provided with inlet for stom water.
7. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 6, is characterized in that, establishes grid in described inlet for stom water.
8. the bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 6 or 7 any one, it is characterized in that, the outside on described sidewalk is provided with fence, and bottom described fence, the position of corresponding guiding gutter is provided with weep hole.
9. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise leader, the upper end communicated drainage groove of described leader.
10. bridge rain water collecting system according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described leader is close to and is hung on bridge bottom surface, bridge pier outer wall, the end of leader upper end communicated drainage groove, and lower end connects surface drainage system manhole or emergency management facility.
CN201510760239.3A 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 A kind of bridge rain water collecting system CN105220612A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106480814A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-03-08 济南轨道交通集团有限公司 A kind of assembled rail transit elevated bridge beam construction method and structure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203065960U (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-07-17 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Bridge drainage system
CN203411895U (en) * 2013-08-19 2014-01-29 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Drainage facility for highway bridge floor
CN203420218U (en) * 2013-04-28 2014-02-05 韩红桂 Bridge drainage elbow
CN103669198A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 中山弘博企业管理咨询有限公司 Rainwater recovery device on viaduct
CN205188808U (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-04-27 广州市市政工程设计研究总院 Bridge rainwater collecting system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203065960U (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-07-17 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Bridge drainage system
CN203420218U (en) * 2013-04-28 2014-02-05 韩红桂 Bridge drainage elbow
CN203411895U (en) * 2013-08-19 2014-01-29 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Drainage facility for highway bridge floor
CN103669198A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 中山弘博企业管理咨询有限公司 Rainwater recovery device on viaduct
CN205188808U (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-04-27 广州市市政工程设计研究总院 Bridge rainwater collecting system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106480814A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-03-08 济南轨道交通集团有限公司 A kind of assembled rail transit elevated bridge beam construction method and structure

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Application publication date: 20160106