CN104563200A - Tunnel fire-fighting system taking road surface water and tunnel surge water as water sources - Google Patents

Tunnel fire-fighting system taking road surface water and tunnel surge water as water sources Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104563200A
CN104563200A CN201410828543.2A CN201410828543A CN104563200A CN 104563200 A CN104563200 A CN 104563200A CN 201410828543 A CN201410828543 A CN 201410828543A CN 104563200 A CN104563200 A CN 104563200A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
tunnel
road surface
tank
head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410828543.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
粟周瑜
凌桂香
张世娟
张弢
袁馨
陈静
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
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Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd filed Critical Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410828543.2A priority Critical patent/CN104563200A/en
Publication of CN104563200A publication Critical patent/CN104563200A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F5/00Means or methods for preventing, binding, depositing, or removing dust; Preventing explosions or fires
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B11/00Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply
    • E03B11/10Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply for public or like main water supply
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/06Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from underground
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B7/00Water main or service pipe systems
    • E03B7/07Arrangement of devices, e.g. filters, flow controls, measuring devices, siphons or valves, in the pipe systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B7/00Water main or service pipe systems
    • E03B7/09Component parts or accessories
    • E03B7/10Devices preventing bursting of pipes by freezing
    • E03B7/12Devices preventing bursting of pipes by freezing by preventing freezing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Lining And Supports For Tunnels (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a tunnel fire-fighting system taking road surface water and tunnel surge water as water sources. The tunnel fire-fighting system comprises a drainage ditch, a longitudinal drainage and seepage ditch, a side ditch, a transverse drainage pipe, a road surface stream trough, a water quality sensor, a switching mechanism, a filtering pond, a sand sediment trap, a low-position water pond, a sewage pond, a pump room, a high-position water pond and a tunnel fire hydrant, wherein the filtering pond, the sand sediment trap, the low-position water pond, the sewage pond, the pump room, the high-position water pond and the tunnel fire hydrant are built nearby a tunnel. Due to the fact that road surface water and the tunnel surge water serve as the water sources, the water sources are more enough, water is convenient to fetch and the cost is reduced; due to the fact that the low-position water pond, the pump room and the high-position water pond are arranged, water pressure can be automatically provided for the tunnel fire hydrant; the switching mechanism is controlled to conduct the water inlet to the pump room or the sewage pond by judging whether the water sources are polluted the water quality sensor, so corrosion of the tunnel fire hydrant and a connecting pipeline due to a pollution source is avoided.

Description

A kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing is as the tunnel fire protection system at water source
Technical field
The present invention relates to tunnel technical field of fire control, particularly relate to a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source.
Background technology
Along with the propelling of highway construction, the highway tunnel of mountain area and highlands gets more and more, and highway tunnel, once breaking out of fire, causes consequence serious, therefore, builds tunnel fire protection system extremely necessary.And these tunnels are substantially all among high and steep mountains, away from cities and towns, its water for fire fighting all adopts builds pond retaining to ensure water for fire fighting demand.Because of factor controllings such as topography and geomorphology, geology and precipitation, velocity tunnel fire water supply is collected often more difficult, and water source water yield fraction is low, in addition reservoir existing defects in addressing, construction and management etc., cause pond to seep water, leak and well damage, water for fire fighting requirement cannot be met, even if adopt waterwheel fortune water supply reservoir, because cost is higher, feasibility is lower.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, by utilizing Tunnel Gushing and road surface water as water source, the water retention capacity of reservoir abundance can be ensured, reduce costs simultaneously.
A kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing of the present invention, as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, comprises gutter, longitudinal filter, sand sediment trap, low pool, sewage reservoir, pump house, head-tank and tunnel fire plug arranged infiltration ditch, gutter, transverse drain, road surface chute, water quality sensor, switching mechanism and build near described tunnel;
Described gutter build at highway away from fire plug side, tunnel, described longitudinally row infiltration ditch is built on the isolation strip in the middle of two direction runways; Described gutter builds the fire plug side, close tunnel at highway; Described gutter and longitudinally arrange seep water between ditch, longitudinal direction arranges to seep water between ditch and gutter and passes through transverse drain UNICOM; Described gutter passes through the water inlet UNICOM of road surface chute and filter;
Be arranged on water burst pipeline UNICOM extremely described gutter and the gutter in tunnel structure body; Described filter builds the low-lying place near tunnel, and described filter is connected by pipeline and described sand sediment trap; Described sand sediment trap is by being arranged on the pipeline on borehole wall top and described low pool UNICOM; The position of described low pool is lower than described sand sediment trap; Low pool water is extracted in head-tank by described pump house; The position that described head-tank is built is higher than described low pool; Described head-tank is connected in described tunnel fire plug by least two pipelines;
Described sewage reservoir is built near low pool, and position is lower than low pool; Described water quality sensor is placed in described low pool, and described switching mechanism comprises water inlet and two delivery ports, two delivery ports through low pool pool wall respectively with pump house UNICOM and sewage reservoir UNICOM; Described switching mechanism is connected with described water quality sensor, receives the whether contaminated signal of water quality.
Further, the pool wall top of described low pool is provided with spout hole; Be provided with overflow well near described low pool, store the water flowed out from the spout hole of low pool.
Preferably, the capacity of described low pool and head-tank is suitable; The gradient that water inlet pipe between described head-tank and tunnel fire plug rises on fire plug direction, tunnel, the described gradient is for being greater than or equal to 5/1000ths; The water inlet pipe be connected between described head-tank with tunnel fire plug arranges horn mouth down in head-tank one end, and described horn mouth is lower than the lowest water level at least 0.5 meter of head-tank; Described horn mouth and the clear distance at the bottom of head-tank pond are more than or equal to 0.8 times of water inlet pipe caliber, and the clear distance of described flared rim and head-tank pool wall is more than or equal to 1.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers; Clear distance between described two water inlet pipes is more than or equal to 3.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers; The cross section of described drain dyke is inverted trapezoidal, and the gradient of described drain dyke upper surface is 5%; Described drain dyke is equidistant has shrinkage joint, and described shrinkage joint adopts asphalt jute to fill; The distance at described two adjacent shrinkage joint is 10 meters to 15 meters.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
Tunnel fire protection system of the present invention, by utilizing road surface water and Tunnel Gushing as water source, water source is more sufficient, conveniently can fetch water, reduce costs; By arranging low pool, pump house and head-tank, automatically hydraulic pressure can be provided to tunnel fire plug; Judging whether that water source is contaminated by arranging water quality sensor, controlling switching mechanism by water inlet conducting to pump house or sewage reservoir, avoiding pollution sources to cause corrosion to tunnel fire plug and connecting line thus.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of tunnel fire protection system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of low pool of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is road structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
71-gutter, 72-transverse drain, 73-longitudinal drainage ditch, 74-gutter, 77-road surface chute, 78-sand sediment trap, 79-hillside, 710-filter.
Detailed description of the invention
To develop simultaneously embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, describe the present invention.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, built in gutter in the side of highway away from tunnel fire plug, longitudinally row's infiltration ditch is built on the isolation strip in the middle of two direction runways, is built by gutter in the side of highway near tunnel fire plug.Gutter and longitudinal direction arrange the ditch that seeps water, longitudinal row is seeped water between ditch and gutter by transverse drain UNICOM; Then gutter and longitudinal row's infiltration ditch all flow to gutter by transverse drain, and gutter passes through again the water inlet UNICOM of road surface chute and filter.Be arranged on water burst pipeline UNICOM in tunnel structure body to gutter and gutter, then the water burst on Tunnel top flows in gutter, also as a part of water source.Filter builds the low-lying place near tunnel, and the water of drain dyke flows into filter along mountain shape, and after filter collects water burst and road surface water, filter is connected by pipeline and described sand sediment trap; Silt in water is after sand sediment trap precipitation, the low pool of the pipeline automatic stream lower that clear water is arranged from sand sediment trap borehole wall top, by pump house, clear water is delivered to head-tank again, because the position of head-tank is higher than the position of tunnel fire plug, the automatic mineralization pressure of the water in fire plug.The height of head-tank is arranged according to the hydraulic pressure of tunnel fire plug.For ensure fire plug uninterruptedly supply water, the water inlet pipe of one group of fire plug should be no less than two, when wherein one damage time, remaining water inlet pipe is still by whole water supply volume.
Due to water water source, road surface is likely polluted by greasy dirt or acidic materials, if the water source of pollution is delivered to fire plug can cause corrosion to itself and pipeline, therefore, water quality sensor is set in low pool, the degree of contamination of water quality is detected.Meanwhile, build the sewage reservoir that position is lower, in low pool, arrange switching mechanism near low pool, this switching mechanism comprises water inlet and two delivery ports, two delivery ports through low pool pool wall respectively with pump house UNICOM and sewage reservoir UNICOM; Described switching mechanism is connected with described water quality sensor, receives the whether contaminated signal of water quality.When water source is contaminated, switching mechanism by water inlet pipe conducting to sewage reservoir, by effluent discharge to sewage reservoir.When water quality is normal, water is passed through pump house pump to head-tank, for fire-fighting.
For ensureing that the water yield is sufficient, quite, after the water of head-tank is used up, low pool can to head-tank moisturizing once for the capacity of described low pool and head-tank, and what can ensure to provide two head-tank water yields to fire plug in a fire-fighting uses water.
In order to not make water inlet pipe inner accumulated air, the gradient that the water inlet pipe between head-tank and tunnel fire plug rises on fire plug direction, tunnel, the gradient is for being greater than or equal to 5/1000ths.
For ensureing that the water of head-tank can flow in water inlet pipe automatically, the water inlet pipe be connected between head-tank with tunnel fire plug arranges horn mouth down in head-tank one end, and described horn mouth is lower than the lowest water level at least 0.5 meter of head-tank.Horn mouth and the clear distance at the bottom of head-tank pond are more than or equal to 0.8 times of water inlet pipe caliber, and the clear distance of described flared rim and head-tank pool wall is more than or equal to 1.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers; Clear distance between described two water inlet pipes is more than or equal to 3.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers.
The water inlet pipe of Cold mountain area must have anti-frost protection measure, wraps up foam or antifreeze cotton-wool outside the water inlet pipe be therefore connected between head-tank with tunnel fire plug.
Water inlet pipe should take anti-corrosion measure, the water inlet pipe be connected between head-tank with tunnel fire plug be coated with eliminate rust, the coating of oil removing or acid-proof.For underground buried tube, preservative treatment can be carried out with bitumen insulation.
In sum, these are only preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to limit protection scope of the present invention.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind utilizes road surface water and Tunnel Gushing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, it is characterized in that, the filter, sand sediment trap, low pool, sewage reservoir, pump house, head-tank and the tunnel fire plug that comprise gutter, longitudinally row's infiltration ditch, gutter, transverse drain, road surface chute, water quality sensor, switching mechanism and build near described tunnel;
Described gutter build at highway away from fire plug side, tunnel, described longitudinally row infiltration ditch is built on the isolation strip in the middle of two direction runways; Described gutter builds the fire plug side, close tunnel at highway; Described gutter and longitudinally arrange seep water between ditch, longitudinal direction arranges to seep water between ditch and gutter and passes through transverse drain UNICOM; Described gutter passes through the water inlet UNICOM of road surface chute and filter;
Be arranged on water burst pipeline UNICOM extremely described gutter and the gutter in tunnel structure body; Described filter builds the low-lying place near tunnel, and described filter is connected by pipeline and described sand sediment trap; Described sand sediment trap is by being arranged on the pipeline on borehole wall top and described low pool UNICOM; The position of described low pool is lower than described sand sediment trap; Low pool water is extracted in head-tank by described pump house; The position that described head-tank is built is higher than described low pool; Described head-tank is connected in described tunnel fire plug by least two pipelines;
Described sewage reservoir is built near low pool, and position is lower than low pool; Described water quality sensor is placed in described low pool, and described switching mechanism comprises water inlet and two delivery ports, two delivery ports through low pool pool wall respectively with pump house UNICOM and sewage reservoir UNICOM; Described switching mechanism is connected with described water quality sensor, receives the whether contaminated signal of water quality.
2. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing is as the tunnel fire protection system at water source as claimed in claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the pool wall top of described low pool is provided with spout hole.
3. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing, as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, is characterized in that, be provided with overflow well near described low pool, store the water flowed out from the spout hole of low pool as claimed in claim 1.
4. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing is as the tunnel fire protection system at water source as claimed in claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the capacity of described low pool and head-tank is suitable.
5. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, it is characterized in that, the gradient that water inlet pipe between described head-tank and tunnel fire plug rises on fire plug direction, tunnel, the described gradient is for being greater than or equal to 5/1000ths.
6. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, it is characterized in that, the water inlet pipe be connected between described head-tank with tunnel fire plug arranges horn mouth down in head-tank one end, and described horn mouth is lower than the lowest water level at least 0.5 meter of head-tank.
7. as claimed in claim 6 a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, it is characterized in that, described horn mouth and the clear distance at the bottom of head-tank pond are more than or equal to 0.8 times of water inlet pipe caliber, and the clear distance of described flared rim and head-tank pool wall is more than or equal to 1.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers; Clear distance between described two water inlet pipes is more than or equal to 3.5 times of water inlet pipe calibers.
8. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing is as the tunnel fire protection system at water source as claimed in claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the cross section of described drain dyke is inverted trapezoidal, and the gradient of described drain dyke upper surface is 5%.
9. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing is as the tunnel fire protection system at water source as claimed in claim 8, and it is characterized in that, described drain dyke is equidistant has shrinkage joint, and described shrinkage joint adopts asphalt jute to fill.
10. a kind of road surface water and Tunnel Gushing of utilizing, as the tunnel fire protection system at water source, is characterized in that as claimed in claim 9, and the distance at described two adjacent shrinkage joint is 10 meters to 15 meters.
CN201410828543.2A 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 Tunnel fire-fighting system taking road surface water and tunnel surge water as water sources Pending CN104563200A (en)

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CN201410828543.2A CN104563200A (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 Tunnel fire-fighting system taking road surface water and tunnel surge water as water sources

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108653967A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-10-16 南昌工程学院 Fire hydrant water leakage monitoring device
WO2021063295A1 (en) * 2019-09-30 2021-04-08 武汉中交交通工程有限责任公司 Fire-fighting water supply system for super-long tunnel
CN112648001A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-13 黑春先 Tunnel fire-fighting facility for north

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JPH10195938A (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-28 Yukinori Hayashi Water storage type bridge for river and valley
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JPH10195938A (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-28 Yukinori Hayashi Water storage type bridge for river and valley
CN101265713B (en) * 2007-03-14 2011-08-10 倪国森 Inner tube water cellar applied system and its building equipment
KR20090092864A (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-02 재단법인서울대학교산학협력재단 Multipurpose Rainwater Management System installed at the mountain
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CN103170077A (en) * 2013-02-19 2013-06-26 李宏江 New scheme for preventing fire, extinguishing fire, preventing insects and applying fertilizers through rainwater collection and water storage in forest zones or pipeline diversion and water storage in plateaus and mountains
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108653967A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-10-16 南昌工程学院 Fire hydrant water leakage monitoring device
WO2021063295A1 (en) * 2019-09-30 2021-04-08 武汉中交交通工程有限责任公司 Fire-fighting water supply system for super-long tunnel
CN112648001A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-13 黑春先 Tunnel fire-fighting facility for north
CN112648001B (en) * 2020-12-23 2023-04-28 黑春先 Tunnel fire-fighting facility for north

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Application publication date: 20150429