CN105180748A - Detection tool - Google Patents

Detection tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105180748A
CN105180748A CN201510663685.2A CN201510663685A CN105180748A CN 105180748 A CN105180748 A CN 105180748A CN 201510663685 A CN201510663685 A CN 201510663685A CN 105180748 A CN105180748 A CN 105180748A
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China
Prior art keywords
scale
sliding pin
pin
gage beam
screw
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Granted
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CN201510663685.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105180748B (en
Inventor
阮发林
陈�胜
巢海斌
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CRRC Qishuyan Institute Co Ltd
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CRRC Qishuyan Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510663685.2A priority Critical patent/CN105180748B/en
Publication of CN105180748A publication Critical patent/CN105180748A/en
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Publication of CN105180748B publication Critical patent/CN105180748B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a detection tool for detecting a device, and the tool comprises a main scale, a rotating fixed arm, a rotating moving arm, and a vernier. The main scale comprises a first scale, a second scale, a first installation block, and a second installation block. Two ends of the first scale and two ends of the second scale are respectively in fixed connection with the first installation block and the second installation block, thereby forming a frame-shaped structure with a central groove. The rotating fixed arm is installed at one end of the main scale, and the rotating fixed arm is provided with a rotatable first measuring arm. The rotating moving arm is disposed on the main scale, and is in sliding fit with the central groove. The rotating moving arm is provided with a rotatable second measuring arm. The vernier is disposed on the main scale, and is in sliding fit with the central groove. The tool can measure the size of an intersection line or a distance between intersection points of two planes or more planes with rounded angles and chamfers.

Description

Cubing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of size detecting device.
Background technology
Current casting forging blank, mold cavity and some workpieces there is fillet, the two sides of chamfering or the intersection of multiaspect or intersecting point dimension measurement mainly contains three kinds of methods.One, will the workpiece measured be needed to be put on three-coordinates measuring machine and to measure, the advantage of the method be that measurement data is accurately reliable, and shortcoming needs expensive three-coordinates measuring machine, measures that cost is very high, efficiency is very low, is not suitable for batch detection; Two, the detection model of profiling is made at the workpiece position detected as required, and model is snapped into measured position, coordinates clearance gauge to measure.The advantage of the method is that measurement efficiency is high, shortcoming is the size that a sample plate can only measure a kind of workpiece, the detection model that the product needed produced in batches is a large amount of, and the impact of the examined personnel's skill level of accuracy of detection is comparatively large, and the Stability and dependability of testing result is lower; Three, use the cut off size of vernier caliper measurement fillet, chamfering, calculate intersecting point dimension afterwards.The method shortcoming is measured piece fillet, the cut off of chamfering cannot accurately be located, and measuring error is very large.
Current, the blank size detection of batch production, the detection of critical size generally relies on detection model, and other size detection are less, and product exists larger quality risk.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of can fast, there is fillet, the two sides of chamfering or the intersection of multiaspect or the intersection point cubing apart from size in convenience, low cost, accurately measurement.
In order to reach above object, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of cubing, comprise main scale, rotate arms, rotate displacement arm and vernier, described main scale comprises the first scale, second scale, first mounting blocks and the second mounting blocks, the two ends of described first scale and the second scale respectively with the first mounting blocks, second mounting blocks is fixedly connected with, and form the frame-shaped construction with medial launder, described rotation arms is arranged on one end of main scale, rotate arms and there is rotating first gage beam, described rotation displacement arm is arranged on main scale, and be slidably matched with medial launder, rotate displacement arm and there is rotating second gage beam, described vernier is arranged on main scale, and be slidably matched with medial launder.
Described rotation arms also comprises the first sliding pin, clutch shaft bearing, first pad, first coupling bolt, first briquetting, first screw, first elastic component and the first pin, described first sliding pin is slidably fitted in the medial launder between the first scale and the second scale, one end of first sliding pin and the rear-face contact of the first scale and the second scale, cylindrical portion in the middle part of first sliding pin coordinates with the inner ring of clutch shaft bearing, the outer ring of clutch shaft bearing coordinates with the first gage beam, the other end of the first sliding pin is threaded with the first coupling bolt, first coupling bolt is by the first briquetting, first pad is pressed in one end, outer ring of clutch shaft bearing, the inner ring other end of clutch shaft bearing and the first scale and the second scale offset, described first screw thread is connected on the first gage beam, first screw is offseted by the first elastic component and main scale, described first pin to be inserted on the first gage beam and main scale in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way, the side of described first sliding pin is fixed by screws on the first mounting blocks or the second mounting blocks.
Described rotation displacement arm also comprises the second sliding pin, second bearing, second pad, second coupling bolt, second briquetting, second screw, second elastic component and the second pin, described second sliding pin is slidably fitted in the medial launder between the first scale and the second scale, one end of second sliding pin and the rear-face contact of the first scale and the second scale, cylindrical portion in the middle part of second sliding pin coordinates with the inner ring of the second bearing, the outer ring of the second bearing coordinates with the second gage beam, the other end of the second sliding pin is threaded with the second coupling bolt, second coupling bolt is by the second briquetting, second pad is pressed in one end, outer ring of the second bearing, the inner ring other end of the second bearing and the first scale and the second scale offset, described second screw thread is connected on the second gage beam, second screw is offseted by the second elastic component and main scale, described second pin to be inserted on the second gage beam and main scale in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way.
Described vernier comprises the 3rd scale, the 3rd briquetting and the 3rd bolt, the middle part of described 3rd scale is slidably fitted in the medial launder between the first scale and the second scale, one end of 3rd scale and the rear-face contact of the first scale and the second scale, the other end is connected with the 3rd bolt thread, and the 3rd bolt is pressed in the back side of the first scale and the second scale by the 3rd briquetting.
3rd scale of described vernier is transparent scale.
Technique effect of the present invention: use cubing of the present invention can detect various sizes fast, by changing the first different gage beams, the second gage beam, the present invention can completely and vernier caliper exchange general.After extracting the first pin and the second pin, the first gage beam, the second gage beam can freely rotate, and can measure a face and other two sides joint sizes fast accurately, even if also can measure when the angle in other two sides and this face is inconsistent; Use cubing of the present invention to measure, measure cost far below use three-coordinates measuring machine, measure efficiency far above use three-coordinates measuring machine; Use cubing of the present invention to measure, measure cost, measurement efficiency and measuring accuracy all suitable with vernier caliper, measurement range is larger than vernier caliper.
Be detected as example with track traffic gear forging mould, testing cost use cubing of the present invention entirely examine and will save more than 95% than the sampling observation of use three-coordinates measuring machine 5% ratio; In size detection scope, use cubing of the present invention than using vernier caliper and exceed more than 100%; In accuracy of detection, use cubing of the present invention can be accurate to ± 0.005mm, far above use detect model ± 0.5mm.Easy to operate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further detailed explanation for the embodiment provided below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structural front view of cubing of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the rear view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 be Fig. 1 along B-B line cut-open view;
Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 be Fig. 1 along A-A line cut-open view;
Fig. 6 is the P portion zoomed-in view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the cut-open view along C-C line of Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is using state schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in figures 1-8, a kind of cubing, comprise main scale 1, rotate arms 3, rotate displacement arm 4 and vernier 5, described main scale 1 comprises the first scale 1-1, second scale 1-4, first mounting blocks 1-2 and the second mounting blocks 1-3, the two ends of described first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4 respectively with the first mounting blocks 1-2, second mounting blocks 1-3 is fixedly connected with, and form the frame-shaped construction with medial launder 6, described rotation arms 3 is arranged on one end of main scale 1, rotate arms 3 and there is rotating first gage beam 3-1, described rotation displacement arm 4 is arranged on main scale 1, and be slidably matched with medial launder 6, rotate displacement arm 4 and there is rotating second gage beam 4-1, described vernier 5 is arranged on main scale 1, and be slidably matched with medial launder 6.
As Figure 1-4, described rotation arms 3 also comprises the first sliding pin 3-2, clutch shaft bearing 3-3, first pad 3-4, first coupling bolt 3-5, first briquetting 3-6, first screw 3-7, first elastic component 3-8 and first pin 3-9, described first sliding pin 3-2 is slidably fitted in the medial launder 6 between the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, one end of first sliding pin 3-2 and the rear-face contact of the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, cylindrical portion in the middle part of first sliding pin 3-2 coordinates with the inner ring of clutch shaft bearing 3-3, the outer ring of clutch shaft bearing 3-3 coordinates with the first gage beam 3-1, the other end of the first sliding pin 3-2 is threaded with the first coupling bolt 3-5, first coupling bolt 3-5 is by the first briquetting 3-6, first pad 3-4 is pressed in one end, outer ring of clutch shaft bearing 3-3, the inner ring other end of clutch shaft bearing 3-3 and the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4 offset, described first screw 3-7 is threaded on the first gage beam 3-1, first screw 3-7 is offseted by the first elastic component 3-8 and main scale 1, described first pin 3-9 to be inserted on the first gage beam 3-1 and main scale 1 in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way, the side of described first sliding pin 3-2 is fixed on the first mounting blocks 1-2 or the second mounting blocks 1-3 by screw 2.
As Fig. 1, 2, 5, 6, shown in 7, described rotation displacement arm 4 also comprises the second sliding pin 4-2, second bearing 4-3, second pad 4-4, second coupling bolt 4-5, second briquetting 4-6, second screw 4-7, second elastic component 4-8 and second pin 4-9, described second sliding pin 4-2 is slidably fitted in the medial launder 6 between the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, one end of second sliding pin 4-2 and the rear-face contact of the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, cylindrical portion in the middle part of second sliding pin 4-2 coordinates with the inner ring of the second bearing 4-3, the outer ring of the second bearing 4-3 coordinates with the second gage beam 4-1, the other end of the second sliding pin 4-2 is threaded with the second coupling bolt 4-5, second coupling bolt 4-5 is by the second briquetting 4-6, second pad 4-4 is pressed in one end, outer ring of the second bearing 4-3, the inner ring other end of the second bearing 4-3 and the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4 offset, described second screw 4-7 is threaded on the second gage beam 4-1, second screw 4-7 is offseted by the second elastic component 4-8 and main scale 1, described second pin 4-9 to be inserted on the second gage beam 4-1 and main scale 1 in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way.
As shown in Fig. 1,2,8, described vernier 5 comprises the 3rd scale 5-1, the 3rd briquetting 5-2 and the 3rd bolt 5-3, the middle part of described 3rd scale 5-1 is slidably fitted in the medial launder 6 between the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, one end of 3rd scale 5-1 and the rear-face contact of the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4, the other end is threaded with the 3rd bolt 5-3, and the 3rd bolt 5-3 is pressed in the back side of the first scale 1-1 and the second scale 1-4 by the 3rd briquetting 5-2.
As shown in Fig. 1,8, the 3rd scale 5-1 of described vernier 5 is transparent scale.
As shown in Fig. 1,2,9, cubing of the present invention is adopted to measure the B face of certain part and A face intersection apart from C face and A face intersection size.All there is angle in the B face of this part and C face with A face, and angle is unequal, and there is fillet at the intersection place in B face and A face, and there is chamfering at C face and intersection place, A face.First take off the first pin 3-9 and second pin 4-9, rotation displacement arm 4 and vernier 5 are slided left, reserves enough measurement spaces.Above A face main scale 1 being adjacent to measured piece, move left and right main scale 1 and rotate the first gage beam 3-1 until the lower surface of the first scale 1-1 or the second scale 1-4 and the medial surface of the first gage beam 3-1 are adjacent to the B face of measured piece completely, tighten the first screw 3-7 until the first gage beam 3-1 can not rotate, fixing angle of rotating arms 3 and main scale 1.Keep main scale 1 no longer to move simultaneously.Slide and rotate displacement arm 4, coordinate rotation second gage beam 4-1 until the medial surface of the second gage beam 4-1 is adjacent to the C face of measured piece completely simultaneously, tighten the second screw 4-7 until the second gage beam 4-1 can not rotate.Slip vernier 5 is until the 3rd scale 5-1 is adjacent to the second gage beam 4-1 completely left.Read numerical value L1 and the L2 near the first gage beam 3-1 and the second gage beam 4-1, read the 3rd vernier 5-1 high scale and the highest numerical value X of the second scale 1-4 high scale registration, then the B face of part and the measured value of A face intersection distance C face and A face intersection size are | L1-L2|+X*l, in formula, l is the measuring accuracy of vernier.

Claims (5)

1. a cubing, comprises main scale (1), rotates arms (3), rotates displacement arm (4) and vernier (5), it is characterized in that:
A, described main scale (1) comprise the first scale (1-1), the second scale (1-4), the first mounting blocks (1-2) and the second mounting blocks (1-3), described first scale (1-1) is fixedly connected with the first mounting blocks (1-2), the second mounting blocks (1-3) respectively with the two ends of the second scale (1-4), and form the frame-shaped construction with medial launder (6)
B, described rotation arms (3) are arranged on one end of main scale (1), rotate arms (3) and have rotating first gage beam (3-1),
C, described rotation displacement arm (4) are arranged on main scale (1), and are slidably matched with medial launder (6), rotate displacement arm (4) and have rotating second gage beam (4-1),
D, described vernier (5) are arranged on main scale (1), and are slidably matched with medial launder (6).
2. cubing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotation arms (3) also comprises the first sliding pin (3-2), clutch shaft bearing (3-3), first pad (3-4), first coupling bolt (3-5), first briquetting (3-6), first screw (3-7), first elastic component (3-8) and the first pin (3-9), described first sliding pin (3-2) is slidably fitted in the medial launder (6) between the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), one end of first sliding pin (3-2) and the rear-face contact of the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), the cylindrical portion at the first sliding pin (3-2) middle part coordinates with the inner ring of clutch shaft bearing (3-3), the outer ring of clutch shaft bearing (3-3) coordinates with the first gage beam (3-1), the other end of the first sliding pin (3-2) is threaded with the first coupling bolt (3-5), first coupling bolt (3-5) is by the first briquetting (3-6), first pad (3-4) is pressed in one end, outer ring of clutch shaft bearing (3-3), the inner ring other end of clutch shaft bearing (3-3) and the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4) offset, described first screw (3-7) is threaded on the first gage beam (3-1), first screw (3-7) is offseted by the first elastic component (3-8) and main scale (1), described first pin (3-9) is inserted in the first gage beam (3-1) and main scale (1) is gone up in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way, the side of described first sliding pin (3-2) is fixed on the first mounting blocks (1-2) or the second mounting blocks (1-3) by screw (2).
3. cubing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotation displacement arm (4) also comprises the second sliding pin (4-2), second bearing (4-3), second pad (4-4), second coupling bolt (4-5), second briquetting (4-6), second screw (4-7), second elastic component (4-8) and the second pin (4-9), described second sliding pin (4-2) is slidably fitted in the medial launder (6) between the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), one end of second sliding pin (4-2) and the rear-face contact of the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), the cylindrical portion at the second sliding pin (4-2) middle part coordinates with the inner ring of the second bearing (4-3), the outer ring of the second bearing (4-3) coordinates with the second gage beam (4-1), the other end of the second sliding pin (4-2) is threaded with the second coupling bolt (4-5), second coupling bolt (4-5) is by the second briquetting (4-6), second pad (4-4) is pressed in one end, outer ring of the second bearing (4-3), the inner ring other end of the second bearing (4-3) and the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4) offset, described second screw (4-7) is threaded on the second gage beam (4-1), second screw (4-7) is offseted by the second elastic component (4-8) and main scale (1), described second pin (4-9) is inserted in the second gage beam (4-1) and main scale (1) is gone up in corresponding pin-and-hole or cotter way.
4. cubing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vernier (5) comprises the 3rd scale (5-1), 3rd briquetting (5-2) and the 3rd bolt (5-3), the middle part of described 3rd scale (5-1) is slidably fitted in the medial launder (6) between the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), one end of 3rd scale (5-1) and the rear-face contact of the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4), the other end is threaded with the 3rd bolt (5-3), 3rd bolt (5-3) is pressed in the back side of the first scale (1-1) and the second scale (1-4) by the 3rd briquetting (5-2).
5. cubing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the 3rd scale (5-1) of described vernier (5) is transparent scale.
CN201510663685.2A 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Cubing Active CN105180748B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510663685.2A CN105180748B (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Cubing

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CN105180748A true CN105180748A (en) 2015-12-23
CN105180748B CN105180748B (en) 2017-10-10

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106052521A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-26 中车戚墅堰机车车辆工艺研究所有限公司 Auxiliary checking fixture
CN107388918A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-24 昌河飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of sheet metal part dimension measurement tool
CN110470190A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-19 中冶武汉冶金建筑研究院有限公司 The double R arm of angle length measuring rules of dovetail and measurement method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140007445A1 (en) * 2012-07-03 2014-01-09 Jen-Yung Yang Caliper
CN104180741A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-03 奇瑞重工股份有限公司 Multifunctional testing fixture
CN204100980U (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-14 芜湖东旭光电科技有限公司 The measurement mechanism of stirring rod center and verticality
CN204388753U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-06-10 天津越华机械制造有限公司 A kind of scrambler horizontal location governor motion
CN205049070U (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-02-24 南车戚墅堰机车车辆工艺研究所有限公司 Testing fixture

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140007445A1 (en) * 2012-07-03 2014-01-09 Jen-Yung Yang Caliper
CN104180741A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-03 奇瑞重工股份有限公司 Multifunctional testing fixture
CN204100980U (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-14 芜湖东旭光电科技有限公司 The measurement mechanism of stirring rod center and verticality
CN204388753U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-06-10 天津越华机械制造有限公司 A kind of scrambler horizontal location governor motion
CN205049070U (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-02-24 南车戚墅堰机车车辆工艺研究所有限公司 Testing fixture

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106052521A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-26 中车戚墅堰机车车辆工艺研究所有限公司 Auxiliary checking fixture
CN106052521B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-12-07 中车戚墅堰机车车辆工艺研究所有限公司 A kind of auxiliary detection tool
CN107388918A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-24 昌河飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of sheet metal part dimension measurement tool
CN110470190A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-19 中冶武汉冶金建筑研究院有限公司 The double R arm of angle length measuring rules of dovetail and measurement method
CN110470190B (en) * 2019-07-29 2021-11-05 中冶武汉冶金建筑研究院有限公司 Dovetail double-R angle edge length measuring scale and measuring method

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