CN105178837B - Electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool - Google Patents

Electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178837B
CN105178837B CN201510653046.8A CN201510653046A CN105178837B CN 105178837 B CN105178837 B CN 105178837B CN 201510653046 A CN201510653046 A CN 201510653046A CN 105178837 B CN105178837 B CN 105178837B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pillar
group
arm
upper arm
fixing piece
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CN201510653046.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105178837A (en
Inventor
刘继君
张涛
孙延栋
王思诚
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Weifang Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Weifang Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
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Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, Weifang Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN201510653046.8A priority Critical patent/CN105178837B/en
Publication of CN105178837A publication Critical patent/CN105178837A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105178837B publication Critical patent/CN105178837B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of electric system Rapid Combination ascending tools,Even number root pillar including four or more than four,A upper arm has been respectively articulated at left and right sides of pillar upper end,Pillar middle and upper part front and rear sides have been respectively articulated with a underarm,Further include several cross-arms,Pillar,Upper arm,Mounting hole is evenly equipped on underarm and cross-arm,Further include the fixing piece with mounting hole cooperation,Two underarms of every pillar can be upwardly extended along pillar and are fixed together with column upper section by fixing piece,Pillar forms one group two-by-two,The corresponding upper arm of two of two pillars can be crossed as X framves and pass through fixing piece being fixed together upwards in every group,Remaining two upper arm can intersect downwards in X-shaped and are fixed together with corresponding pillar by fixing piece,Each group is arranged in order up and down,Upper group of two pillar lower parts can insert between the underarm of the following group and pass through fixing piece be fixed together it is rational in infrastructure,It takes up space small,It is easy to carry,Length is adjustable,It can auxiliary lifting weight,It is and easy to operate.

Description

Electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool
Present patent application be Patent No. 201310540386.0 filed in 5 days November in 2013, patent name be electric power The divisional application of system Rapid Combination ascending tool.
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electric system Rapid Combination ascending tools.
Background technology
At present, when safeguarding electric system in the wild, ladder can only generally be carried come for ascending a height, therefore ladder is into electric power Maintenance cart or electric power rush-repair vehicle must configure.The ladder used at present on electric power maintenance vehicle is generally foldable structure or balladeur train knot Structure, wherein foldable structure are usually to pass through the hinged structure of articulation piece by two sections of bench.This folding ladder when in use, Two bench are unfolded, and are locked with locking member, operation is simpler.Sliding framework structure is typically also to be made of two sections of bench, only But the two is not folding or hinged relationship, but the slip cooperating relationship that elongatedness direction can be slided.This ladder makes It used time and needs two sections of bench sliding expansion, then can be used with locking member locking, operation is fairly simple.At present, this The ladder of kind sliding framework structure uses most.No matter the ladder of which kind of structure, although easy to operate when in use, all there is Following shortcoming:1st, because bench is all ready-made ladder structure, there is fixed size, particularly wider width no matter It is required for occupying larger space when being storage or carrying, it is very inconvenient;2nd, it is structure as a whole, and cannot splits, therefore Heavier-weight needs two people's operations when moving;3rd, function is single, except electric power is ascended a height, without other purposes, belongs to and is applied alone Way instrument, such instrument will necessarily reduce the payload of electric power maintenance vehicle;4th, length is fixed, it is impossible to according to field demand certainly By adjustment ladder length, particularly extend the length of ladder, and have lap because of sliding framework structure, therefore cannot make full use of The total length of two sections of bench.
In addition, in the routine work of electric system, also it is frequently necessary to that various power equipments, instrument etc. be powered real It tests or is carried out maintenance using electric tool, just need to use AC power at this time.There are mainly two types of the access approaches of AC power, A kind of is the power supply on live power supply unit, and second is generating set.It is typically all disconnected during due to field condition maintenance activity Electric operation, it is therefore desirable to very long cable is laid with, it is both inconvenient or dangerous.Even if live livewire work once in a while, scene takes It not only needs to use climbing tool, such as ladder etc. when electric, and can have a negative impact to Electro-metering and Electrical Safety.Cause This, when scene carries out operation using AC power in the wild, is typically necessary the middle-size and small-size equipment such as delivery generating set.
Since the middle-size and small-size equipment quality such as generating set is heavier, about one ton of weight of a three-phase diesel-driven generator generally requires 5th, 6 people could lift, therefore be stored in outdoor or storehouse, and mobile, field condition unloads, carries, entrucking is not all very square Just.It is too big to buy fork truck fund(One about 100,000 yuan), rent crane cost is too big, and manually lift to move is not possible, Er Qiecun In very big risk factor, the crowded wound of staff is easily caused, weighs wounded, injure by a crashing object.The usually middle-size and small-size equipment such as dislocation generation unit When, there are three types of modes of operation:First, rent crane and carry out entrucking, unloaded again with crane when being finished return, crane lifting takes around 40 minutes to one hours(Containing dispatching buses and arrival time), not only lost time but also cost of idleness, and needed to preengage in advance Crane seriously affects job schedule.2nd, fork truck is bought, about 100,000 yuan of a fork truck is costly, and fork truck cannot be by Maintenance car is dragged to field work scene, can only in addition arrange driver driving fork truck, very uneconomical.3rd, carried out using manual trailer Generator, is first transported to manual trailer in overhaul shop by transfer(Since overhaul shop separately has planning, he uses, and does not allow to store this Kind equipment), then with the row sling cart in overhaul shop, row sling cart takes around 20 minutes.Because generator storage place There is segment distance away from overhaul shop, same mode is unloaded after being finished, very cumbersome and trouble.This mode is only suitable in company Interior shifting uses, and is not suitable for operation in the wild and uses.
The content of the invention
It is a kind of rational in infrastructure the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the foregoing drawbacks, provide, it takes up space small, carrying side Just, length is adjustable, energy auxiliary lifting weight, and electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool easy to operate.
In order to solve the above technical problems, this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is structurally characterized in that:Include four hinges Order member, the hinge unit include the pillar being vertically arranged(1), pillar upper end is hinged, and there are two upper arm(2), upper arm and pillar Between hinge shaft for upper hinge shaft, two upper arm are located at the left and right sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around upper hinge shaft, lean on Hingedly there are two underarms for the leg portion of hinge shaft near(3), the hinge shaft between underarm and pillar is known as down hinge, two underarms point Not Wei Yu pillar front and rear sides, and can be swung up and down around down hinge, pillar, upper arm are evenly equipped with mounting hole on underarm (5), further include the fixing piece for interting cooperation with mounting hole(6);Four hinge units in pairs, are divided into two groups, often Group includes two pillars, four upper arm and four underarms, and two pillars with group is the first pillar and the second pillars, thereon Upper and lower arms are respectively the first upper arm, the first underarm and the second upper arm, the second underarm, two underarms of every pillar in every group It upwardly extends, the extending direction of underarm is consistent with the extending direction of pillar, and in each hinge unit, two underarms and pillar are located at Part between upper hinge shaft and down hinge is fixed together by fixing piece, and pillar and two underarms affixed structure in the same direction are ladder Bar, ladder bars length are longer than pillar, one strip gap of formation between pillar top, two underarms, and the one of every group of first pillar Root upper arm extends obliquely to the homonymy of the second pillar, and passes through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and be fixed together with fixing piece, the Second upper arm of two pillar opposite sides extends obliquely to the first pillar respective side, and passes through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and fix Part is fixed together, two upper arm decussate structures, is X framves, and two upper arm opposite tilts of residue with group prolong upwards It stretches, and intersects in X shapes and form an X frame, the infall of two upper arm is fixed together by fixing piece correspondence, is constituted with two Root ladder bars are vertical supporting, the trapezium structure using two X framves as cross-brace, and the fixed Combination of X framves and ladder bars is known as bench, often Group forms a bench, position group or upper bench on upper group or bench are known as, under group of the position under or bench are known as Group or lower bench, two pillar lower parts of upper bench are inserted between two underarms of lower bench in gap, and by upper bench branch The lap of column and lower bench underarm is locked together by fixing piece, and two ladder bars are fixedly connected into longer cleat stanchion.
This electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool be by deformable hinge unit combining structure come realize take up space it is small, Easy to carry, length is adjustable, energy auxiliary lifting weight, and easy to operate.
Deformable hinge unit combining structure refers in this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, includes multiple Hinge unit, generally comprise there are four or the even number of four or more.It is said below by taking four hinge units as an example Bright, the electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool of the even number hinge unit of four or more is similar, is not described further in detail.The hinge Order member includes the pillar being vertically arranged, and pillar upper end is hinged, and there are two upper arm.It, will be between upper arm and pillar for convenience of narration Hinge shaft is known as upper hinge shaft.Two upper arm are located at the left and right sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around upper hinge shaft.In pillar Top, that is, hinged there are two underarms close to the leg portion of upper hinge shaft.For convenience of narration, by the hinge between underarm and pillar Axis is known as down hinge.Two underarms are located at the front and rear sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around down hinge.Pillar, on Mounting hole is evenly equipped on arm, underarm, further includes the fixing piece for interting cooperation with mounting hole, to facilitate through fixing piece and mounting hole It is positioned and is fixedly connected.In this way, the upper and lower arms and matched fixing piece of pillar and its upper articulation, just Constitute a hinge unit.
In this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, comprising there are four hinge unit, this four hinge units are two-by-two One group, it is divided into two groups.In this way, every group includes two pillars, four upper arm and four underarms.For convenience of narration, by same group Two pillars be known as the first pillar and the second pillar, upper and lower arms thereon be referred to as the first upper arm, the first underarm and Second upper arm, the second underarm.
Two underarms of every pillar upwardly extend in every group, and the extending direction of underarm is consistent with the extending direction of pillar. In each hinge unit, the part of two underarms and pillar between upper hinge shaft and down hinge is fixed in one by fixing piece It rises, in this way, hinge unit just constitutes the longer straight-bar structure of length.For convenience of narration, by the straight-bar structure, that is, pillar It is known as ladder bars with two underarms affixed structure in the same direction.Ladder bars length is longer than pillar, close to two double-lengths of pillar.Because under two Between arm therefore interval, above pillar, forms a strip gap by pillar between two underarms.
A piece upper arm of every group of first pillar extends obliquely to the homonymy of the second pillar, and passes through the corresponding fixation of the two Hole is fixed together with fixing piece.Equally, the second upper arm of the second pillar opposite side extends obliquely to the first pillar respective side, And pass through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and be fixed together with fixing piece.That is, with two pillars organized just respectively by each As soon as from upper arm and other side tilt and link together, in this way, two upper arm decussate structures, for convenience of describing, are referred to as For X framves.Under the support of X framves, two pillars and two upper arm just constitute two triangular structures.According to triangle stability Principle understands that this structure is most stable of.Therefore a stabilization is just constituted with two pillars of group and affiliated two upper arm Flat bracket or plate-shaped carrier, the structural stability of this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool has been effectively ensured.
Two upper arm opposite tilts of residue with group upwardly extend, and intersect in X shapes, equally constitute an X frame.On two The infall of arm is fixed together by fixing piece correspondence, in this way, X framves just become a fixed structure.Because with two branch of group Column is fixed integral structure, so extending to X framves above it under the support of pillar or plate-shaped carrier, is also necessarily fixed Integral structure.In this way, in each group, just constitute the ladder using two ladder bars as vertical supporting, using two X framves as cross-brace Shape structure.For convenience of narration, the fixed Combination of X framves and ladder bars is known as bench, that is to say, that every group constitutes a bench. In this way, in this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, two bench have just been combined into.
This two groups or two bench are set in the same direction up and down on position relationship, for convenience of describing, by position upper Group or bench are known as upper group or upper bench, and group of the position under or bench are known as the following group or lower bench.Two branch of upper bench Column lower part is inserted between two underarms of lower bench, that is, in above-mentioned gap, and will be under upper bench pillar and lower bench The lap of arm is locked together by fixing piece.In this way, two ladder bars have just been fixedly connected into longer straight-bar structure, it is Facilitate narration, this straight-bar structure is known as cleat stanchion.Because above-mentioned gap is strip, therefore, upper bench pillar and descending stair The lap fit scope of section underarm is very big, when in use, can freely be adjusted according to specific requirement of ascending a height.The adjustment of cleat stanchion length Scope is substantially between the triple-length of pillar and four times of length.If the length of pillar is arranged to 1 meter, the length model of cleat stanchion It is trapped among between 3-4 meters.And if the foldable structure ladder used at present will meet 4 meters of requirement of ascending a height, the length after folding At least also want 2 meters.And the ladder of sliding framework structure is because there is lap, and if to meet 4 meters of requirement of ascending a height, balladeur train Length has to be larger than 2 meters.2 meters of balladeur train or bench is contained in the wagon box of electric power maintenance vehicle can not load, and can only be bundled into vehicle Side or top, not only binding is inconvenient, and occupied space is big, unsightly, but also there are break in traffic rules and regulations risks.And this electric power System Rapid Combination ascending tool only needs four 1 meter of long hinge units, and not only length is completely in the storage scope of wagon box It is interior, and compact, it stores or carries or pick and place all very convenient.
Ladder bars are affixed just to be set up there are four X framves in total into after cleat stanchion between two cleat stanchions, and each X framves include two and hand over The upper arm of fork, therefore eight cross-braces are formed between two cleat stanchions altogether, it can meet use is trampled when ascending a height completely, thus It has been assembled into " ladder " ascended a height.
When ascend a height finish need dismounting when, only the fixing piece being subsequently installed in upper and lower arms need to be dismantled, it is possible to This electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is quickly reverted into four hinge units, operation is very simple.When needing assembling, Above-mentioned operating process is installed, hinge unit is first assembled into bench two-by-two, then grafting above and below two bench is got up again, Operation is also very simple, quick, greatly improves work efficiency, particularly work on the spot efficiency.
In electric system field operation, the equipment for using the heavier-weights such as generator it is also often desirable to.And this kind equipment Scene is usually transported to by electric power maintenance vehicle and is carried on by several workers under platform, is easily caused danger, can also employ crane into Row is unloaded entrucking, no matter which kind of mode, it is all more time-consuming.Because this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is by multiple Hinge unit composition, therefore there is certain hinged deformation.Specific deformation process is divided into be first disassembled into " ladder " Two groups of four hinge units, four hinge units are erected at respectively on four angles of square;Then by two pillars in every group Fixation is crossed as X framves to the corresponding upper arm of two of place plane both sides obliquely, and X framves lower end is fixed in by fixing piece and two pillars Together, in this way, X framves and two pillars just constitute triangle fixed support structure;It in the process, will be under two of every pillar Arm tilts extension and affixed with fixing piece to the upper and lower part of another group of adjacent struts respectively, in this way, adjacent in two groups Two X framves much of that are formed between pillar, and the X framves equally constitute triangle fixed support structure with two pillars being connected, Therefore, four pillars have just connected into a fixed cubic support;Pass through fixation obliquely with two in group remaining upper arm Part is fixedly connected into X framves, and for convenience of describing, which is known as upper X framves, and between cross-arm is arranged on two groups of upper X framves, is Facilitate narration, which is known as support cross arm, remaining cross-arm is known as lever cross-arm.In this way, just constitute one simple It hangs or hoisting apparatus, in use, can be prized using the support cross arm being erected in cubic support as fulcrum by lever cross-arm It rises or slings weight, meet the demand of operation field hoisting heavy.After use, by disassembling the fixation subsequently added Part, it is possible to by the lifting or hoisting apparatus Fast Restoration into four hinge units and several cross-arms, operate very simple.
Above-mentioned distressed structure is formed by hinge unit direct-assembling, in actual use, can also be fixed by dismantling " ladder " is recovered to two bench by part, bench then is recovered to the support construction that X framves are fixedly connected with pillar again, finally By two support constructions by underarm with fixing piece fixed Combination into cubic support, then after setting X framves and support cross arm Hoisting heavy is carried out, deformation process is similar, not described in detail herein.
This electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is using hinge unit as composite unit, compact, not only carries, transports Defeated, storage conveniently, in operation field Rapid Combination or can erect aerial device and wherein device, and a tool is multi-purpose, Ke Yiman A variety of needs of sufficient field operation enormously simplify the instrument carrying amount of electric power maintenance vehicle.
As an improvement, every group of two pillar lower parts correspond to and are connected with cross-arm.
Because the X framves between pillar are arranged on column upper section, therefore are hanging between two pillar lower parts, climbed by ground It is immediately very inconvenient.Can be to climb " ladder " to provide support, more hommization after in pillar lower part, cross-arm is set.
As an improvement, two lower rod end of lower section correspondence is connected with cross-arm.
Two pillar of lower section is in two pillars of cleat stanchion lowest part.It, can after this two lower rod end connection cross-arms To increase the contact area of " ladder " between lower end and ground, bearing area and support force are also just increased, effectively prevents from climbing " ladder " sinkage in the process is particularly suitable for field work use.
As another realization method, comprising four hinge units, the hinge unit includes the pillar being vertically arranged, branch Column upper end is hinged there are two upper arm, and the hinge shaft between upper arm and pillar is upper hinge shaft, and two upper arm are located at the left and right of pillar respectively Both sides, and being swung up and down around upper hinge shaft, it is hinged there are two underarm close to the leg portion of upper hinge shaft, underarm and pillar it Between hinge shaft be known as down hinge, two underarms are located at the front and rear sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around down hinge, prop up Column, upper arm are evenly equipped with mounting hole on underarm, further include the fixing piece for interting cooperation with mounting hole;Four hinge units erect respectively It stands on four angles of square, then by the fixed friendship obliquely of two corresponding upper arm of plane both sides where two pillars in every group X framves are pitched into, X framves lower end is fixed together by fixing piece and two pillars, X framves and the triangle fixed support knot of two pillars Structure;Two underarms of every pillar to the upper and lower part of another group of adjacent struts are tilted respectively and extends and is consolidated with fixing piece It connects, forms two X framves much of that between adjacent pillar in two groups, and the X framves equally constitute three with two pillars being connected Angular fixed support structure;Several cross-arms are further included, mounting hole is evenly equipped on cross-arm, with two in group remaining upper arm obliquely X framves are fixedly connected by fixing piece, which is upper X framves, and between cross-arm is arranged on two groups of upper X framves, which is branch Cross-arm is supportted, remaining cross-arm is lever cross-arm.
It in conclusion electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool using the above structure is rational in infrastructure, takes up space small, carries Convenient, length is adjustable, energy auxiliary lifting weight, and easy to operate, is particularly suitable for electric power maintenance use.
Description of the drawings
It elaborates below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of hinge unit;
Fig. 3 is structure diagram when hinge unit is stored;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of bench;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of hoisting apparatus.
In figure:1 is pillar, and 2 be upper arm, and 3 be underarm, and 4 cross-arms, 5 be mounting hole, and 6 be fixing piece.
Specific embodiment
As shown in the figure, this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool includes the even number root pillar 1 of four or four or more, In the present embodiment, illustrated by taking four pillars as an example.Pillar 1 is square tube made of aluminium alloy extrusions, so can not only be protected Demonstrate,prove support strength, moreover it is possible to effectively mitigate weight.1 upper end of pillar is hinged, and there are two upper arm 2.For convenience of narration, by upper arm 2 and pillar Hinge shaft between 1 is known as upper hinge shaft.Two upper arm respectively be located at pillar the left and right sides, and can on upper hinge shaft the bottom It is dynamic.1 middle and upper part of pillar, that is, hinged there are two underarms 3 close to the leg portion of upper hinge shaft.For convenience of narration, by underarm and Hinge shaft between pillar is known as down hinge.Two underarms 3 are located at the front and rear sides of pillar respectively, and can be above and below down hinge It swings.Pillar 3, upper arm 2 are evenly equipped with mounting hole 5 on underarm 3, the fixing piece 6 with the interspersed cooperation of mounting hole 5 are further included, with convenient It is positioned and is fixedly connected with mounting hole 5 by fixing piece 6.In this way, pillar and its upper arm 2 of upper articulation and underarm 3, And matched fixing piece 6, a hinge unit is just constituted, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3.
In this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, include four pillars 1, also just comprising there are four hinged lists Member.This four hinge units in pairs, are divided into two groups.In this way, every group includes two pillars, 1, four upper arm 2 and four Underarm 3.For convenience of narration, same group of two pillars are known as the first pillar and the second pillar, upper and lower arms difference thereon Referred to as the first upper arm, the first underarm and the second upper arm, the second underarm.
Two underarms 3 of every pillar 1 upwardly extend in every group, the extending direction of underarm 3 and the extending direction one of pillar It causes.In each hinge unit, two underarms 3 and part of the pillar 1 between upper hinge shaft and down hinge are affixed by fixing piece Together, in this way, hinge unit just constitutes the longer straight-bar structure of length.For convenience of narration, by the straight-bar structure, that is, 1 and two underarm of pillar, 3 affixed structure in the same direction is known as ladder bars.Ladder bars length is longer than pillar, close to two double-lengths of pillar.Because Between two underarms 3 therefore interval, above pillar, forms a strip gap by pillar between two underarms.
A piece upper arm of every group of first pillar extends obliquely to the homonymy of the second pillar, and passes through the corresponding fixation of the two Hole is fixed together with fixing piece.Equally, the second upper arm of the second pillar opposite side extends obliquely to the first pillar respective side, And pass through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and be fixed together with fixing piece.That is, with two pillars 1 organized just respectively by each As soon as from upper arm 2 and other side tilt and link together, in this way, two 2 decussate structures of upper arm, for convenience of describing, claim Be X framves.Under the support of X framves, two pillars 1 and two upper arm 2 just constitute two triangular structures.It is steady according to triangle Qualitative principles understand that this structure is most stable of.Therefore one is just constituted with two pillars 1 of group and affiliated two upper arm 2 The flat bracket or plate-shaped carrier of a stabilization, have been effectively ensured the structural stability of this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool.
Two upper arm opposite tilts of residue with group upwardly extend, and intersect in X shapes, equally constitute an X frame.On two The infall of arm is fixed together by fixing piece correspondence, in this way, X framves just become a fixed structure.Because with two branch of group Column is fixed integral structure, so extending to X framves above it under the support of pillar or plate-shaped carrier, is also necessarily fixed Integral structure.In this way, in each group, just constitute the ladder using two ladder bars as vertical supporting, using two X framves as cross-brace Shape structure.For convenience of narration, the fixed Combination of X framves and ladder bars is known as bench, that is to say, that every group constitutes a bench. In this way, in this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, two bench have just been combined into.
This two groups or two bench are set in the same direction up and down on position relationship, for convenience of describing, by position upper Group or bench are known as upper group or upper bench, and group of the position under or bench are known as the following group or lower bench.Two branch of upper bench Column lower part is inserted between two underarms of lower bench, that is, in above-mentioned gap, and will be under upper bench pillar and lower bench The lap of arm is locked together by fixing piece.In this way, two ladder bars have just been fixedly connected into longer straight-bar structure, it is Facilitate narration, this straight-bar structure is known as cleat stanchion.Because above-mentioned gap is strip, therefore, upper bench pillar and descending stair The lap fit scope of section underarm is very big, when in use, can freely be adjusted according to specific requirement of ascending a height.The adjustment of cleat stanchion length Scope is substantially between the triple-length of pillar and four times of length.If the length of pillar is arranged to 1 meter, the length model of cleat stanchion It is trapped among between 3-4 meters.And if the foldable structure ladder used at present will meet 4 meters of requirement of ascending a height, the length after folding At least also want 2 meters.And the ladder of sliding framework structure is because there is lap, and if to meet 4 meters of requirement of ascending a height, balladeur train Length has to be larger than 2 meters.2 meters of balladeur train or bench is contained in the wagon box of electric power maintenance vehicle can not load, and can only be bundled into vehicle Side or top, not only binding is inconvenient, and occupied space is big, unsightly, but also there are break in traffic rules and regulations risks.And this electric power System Rapid Combination ascending tool only needs four 1 meter of long hinge units, and not only length is completely in the storage scope of wagon box It is interior, and compact, it stores or carries or pick and place all very convenient.
Ladder bars are affixed just to be set up there are four X framves in total into after cleat stanchion between two cleat stanchions, and each X framves include two and hand over The upper arm of fork, therefore eight cross-braces are formed between two cleat stanchions altogether, it can meet use is trampled when ascending a height completely, thus It has been assembled into " ladder " ascended a height.
When ascend a height finish need dismounting when, only the fixing piece 6 being subsequently installed on upper arm 2 and underarm 3 need to be dismantled, so that it may This electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is quickly reverted to four hinge units, operation is very simple.When needing to assemble When, above-mentioned operating process is installed, hinge unit is first assembled into bench two-by-two, then grafting above and below two bench is got up i.e. again Can, operation is also very simple, quick, greatly improves work efficiency, particularly work on the spot efficiency.
In electric system field operation, the equipment for using the heavier-weights such as generator it is also often desirable to.And this kind equipment Scene is usually transported to by electric power maintenance vehicle and is carried on by several workers under platform, is easily caused danger, can also employ crane into Row is unloaded entrucking, no matter which kind of mode, it is all more time-consuming.Because this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is by multiple Hinge unit composition, therefore there is certain hinged deformation.Specific deformation process is divided into be first disassembled into " ladder " Two groups of four hinge units, four hinge units are erected at respectively on four angles of square;Then by two pillar 1 in every group Fixation is crossed as X framves to the corresponding upper arm 2 of two of place plane both sides obliquely, and X framves lower end is affixed by fixing piece and two pillars 1 Together, in this way, X framves and two pillars 1 just constitute triangle fixed support structure;In the process, by the two of every pillar 1 Root underarm tilts extension and affixed with fixing piece to the upper and lower part of another group of adjacent struts 1 respectively, in this way, the phase in two groups Two X framves much of that are formed between adjacent pillar 1, and the X framves equally constitute triangle with two pillars being connected and fix support Structure, therefore, four pillars have just connected into a fixed cubic support;Pass through obliquely with two in group remaining upper arm Fixing piece is fixedly connected into X framves, and for convenience of describing, which is known as upper X framves, and by cross-arm be arranged on two groups upper X framves it Between, for convenience of describing, which is known as support cross arm, remaining cross-arm is known as lever cross-arm.In this way, just constitute a letter Easily lifting or hoisting apparatus, in use, can be horizontal by lever as fulcrum using the support cross arm being erected in cubic support Load levers up or slings weight, meets the demand of operation field hoisting heavy.After use, by disassembling what is subsequently added Fixing piece, it is possible to by the lifting or hoisting apparatus Fast Restoration into four hinge units and several cross-arms, operate very simple.
Above-mentioned distressed structure is formed by hinge unit direct-assembling, in actual use, can also be fixed by dismantling " ladder " is recovered to two bench by part, bench then is recovered to the support construction that X framves are fixedly connected with pillar again, finally By two support constructions by underarm with fixing piece fixed Combination into cubic support, then after setting X framves and support cross arm Hoisting heavy is carried out, deformation process is similar, not described in detail herein.
This electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool is using hinge unit as composite unit, compact, not only carries, transports Defeated, storage conveniently, in operation field Rapid Combination or can erect aerial device and wherein device, and a tool is multi-purpose, Ke Yiman A variety of needs of sufficient field operation enormously simplify the instrument carrying amount of electric power maintenance vehicle.
In the present embodiment, every group of two pillars, 1 lower part, which corresponds to, is connected with cross-arm 4.Because the X framves between pillar 1 are arranged on 1 top of pillar, thus between two pillars, 1 lower part be it is hanging, it is very inconvenient when being climbed by ground.It is set in pillar lower part horizontal Can be to climb " ladder " to provide support, more hommization after load.
In this electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, two pillar of lower section, 1 lower end corresponds to and is connected with cross-arm 4.Lower section two Pillar is in two pillars of cleat stanchion lowest part.After this two lower rod end connection cross-arms, it can increase under " ladder " Contact area between end and ground, also just increases bearing area and support force, effectively prevents in climbing under " ladder " Heavy phenomenon is particularly suitable for field work use.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, it is characterized in that:Comprising four hinge units, the hinge unit includes The pillar being vertically arranged(1), pillar upper end is hinged, and there are two upper arm(2), hinge shaft between upper arm and pillar is upper hinge shaft, two Upper arm is located at the left and right sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around upper hinge shaft, and the leg portion close to upper hinge shaft is hinged There are two underarms(3), the hinge shaft between underarm and pillar is known as down hinge, and two underarms are located at the front and rear sides of pillar respectively, And it can be swung up and down around down hinge, pillar, upper arm are evenly equipped with mounting hole on underarm(5), further include to intert with mounting hole and match somebody with somebody The fixing piece of conjunction(6);Four hinge units in pairs, are divided into two groups, and every group includes two pillars, four upper arm With four underarms, two pillars with group for the first pillar and the second pillar, upper and lower arms thereon be respectively the first upper arm, First underarm and the second upper arm, the second underarm, two underarms of every pillar upwardly extend in every group, the extending direction of underarm with The extending direction of pillar is consistent, in each hinge unit, the part of two underarms and pillar between upper hinge shaft and down hinge It is fixed together by fixing piece, pillar and two underarms affixed structure in the same direction are ladder bars, and ladder bars length is longer than pillar, pillar A strip gap is formed between top, two underarms, a upper arm of every group of first pillar is obliquely to the same of the second pillar Side extends, and passes through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and be fixed together with fixing piece, and the second upper arm of the second pillar opposite side is oblique It is lower to extend to the first pillar respective side, and pass through the corresponding mounting hole of the two and be fixed together with fixing piece, two upper arm intersect It is X framves into X-shaped structure, two upper arm opposite tilts of residue with group upwardly extend, and intersect in X shapes and form an X frame, The infall of two upper arm is fixed together by fixing piece correspondence, is constituted using two ladder bars as vertical supporting, with two X framves For the trapezium structure of cross-brace, the fixed Combination of X framves and ladder bars is known as bench, and one bench of every group of composition, position is upper Group or bench are known as upper group or upper bench, and group of the position under or bench are known as the following group or lower bench, two branch of upper bench Column lower part is inserted between two underarms of lower bench in gap, and the lap of upper bench pillar and lower bench underarm is led to It crosses fixing piece to be locked together, two ladder bars are fixedly connected into longer cleat stanchion.
2. electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that:Every group of two pillars(1)Lower part pair Cross-arm should be connected with(4).
3. electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that:Two pillar of lower section(1)Lower end Correspondence is connected with cross-arm(4).
4. a kind of electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool, it is characterized in that:Comprising four hinge units, the hinge unit includes The pillar being vertically arranged(1), pillar upper end is hinged, and there are two upper arm(2), hinge shaft between upper arm and pillar is upper hinge shaft, two Upper arm is located at the left and right sides of pillar respectively, and can be swung up and down around upper hinge shaft, and the leg portion close to upper hinge shaft is hinged There are two underarms(3), the hinge shaft between underarm and pillar is known as down hinge, and two underarms are located at the front and rear sides of pillar respectively, And it can be swung up and down around down hinge, pillar, upper arm are evenly equipped with mounting hole on underarm(5), further include to intert with mounting hole and match somebody with somebody The fixing piece of conjunction(6);Four hinge units are erected at respectively on four angles of square, then will be flat where two pillars in every group Fixation is crossed as X framves to the corresponding upper arm of two of face both sides obliquely, and X framves lower end is fixed together by fixing piece and two pillars, X Frame and the triangle fixed support structure of two pillars;By two underarms of every pillar respectively to the upper of another group of adjacent struts Portion and lower tilt extend and use fixing piece affixed, form two X framves much of that between adjacent pillar in two groups, and the X framves Triangle fixed support structure is equally constituted with two pillars being connected;Further include several cross-arms(4), cross-arm(4)It is upper equal It is furnished with mounting hole(5), X framves are fixedly connected by fixing piece obliquely with two in group remaining upper arm, which is upper X framves, and Between cross-arm is arranged on two groups of upper X framves, which is support cross arm, and remaining cross-arm is lever cross-arm.
CN201510653046.8A 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Electric system Rapid Combination ascending tool Expired - Fee Related CN105178837B (en)

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CN106429906B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-07-06 无锡科通工程机械制造有限公司 A kind of A-frame peculiar to vessel
CN107866440A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-03 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 Multi-function semi-automatic power equipment disassembles hanging apparatus

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DE3640944A1 (en) * 1986-11-29 1988-06-09 Metz Feuerwehrgeraete Gmbh Aerial ladder
CN87216145U (en) * 1987-12-05 1988-08-24 孙利民 Multifunctional ladder for working frame
JPH10169345A (en) * 1996-12-16 1998-06-23 Daiki Shoji Kk Ladder equipped with safety member
KR100653378B1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2006-12-04 반하선 Assembly worktable
CN2858856Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-17 翁振华 Ladder gate-type scaffold

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203948008U (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-11-19 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 Power system Rapid Combination ascending tool

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3640944A1 (en) * 1986-11-29 1988-06-09 Metz Feuerwehrgeraete Gmbh Aerial ladder
CN87216145U (en) * 1987-12-05 1988-08-24 孙利民 Multifunctional ladder for working frame
JPH10169345A (en) * 1996-12-16 1998-06-23 Daiki Shoji Kk Ladder equipped with safety member
CN2858856Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-17 翁振华 Ladder gate-type scaffold
KR100653378B1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2006-12-04 반하선 Assembly worktable

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