CN105157685A - Measurement target base and full-aircraft landmark measurement system - Google Patents

Measurement target base and full-aircraft landmark measurement system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105157685A
CN105157685A CN201510492731.7A CN201510492731A CN105157685A CN 105157685 A CN105157685 A CN 105157685A CN 201510492731 A CN201510492731 A CN 201510492731A CN 105157685 A CN105157685 A CN 105157685A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
firm banking
measurement target
target drone
measurement
cover sheet
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CN201510492731.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105157685B (en
Inventor
付景丽
肖鼎
王彬
冯万喜
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中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司
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Priority to CN201510492731.7A priority Critical patent/CN105157685B/en
Publication of CN105157685A publication Critical patent/CN105157685A/en
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Publication of CN105157685B publication Critical patent/CN105157685B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/002Active optical surveying means

Abstract

The invention relates to a measurement target base and a full-aircraft landmark measurement system. The measurement target base comprises a target seat and a positioning block, wherein the target seat mainly comprises a protecting cover plate and a fixing base which are mutually parallel and integrally connected and fixed; the positioning block adjustably moves forwards and backwards and rightwards and leftwards and is arranged between the protecting cover plate and the fixing base, a positioning hole is formed in the upper surface of the protecting cover plate, and the positioning block is located right below the positioning hole. Accordingly, the central coordinates of a target ball placed in the positioning hole can be adjusted, the use is flexible and convenient, the operation is simple, and the measurement accuracy of the central coordinates of the target ball on the target seat by a laser tracker is effectively improved; according to the full-aircraft landmark measurement system comprising a plurality of measurement target bases uniformly distributed in a rectangular manner with the symmetric center line of a to-be-measured aircraft as a center, the coverage for landmark measurement is wide, the measurement accuracy and safety performance are high, station transferring is convenient, the measurement target bases are not required to be rearranged, and the economic benefit is huge.

Description

Landmark system measured by a kind of measurement target drone pedestal and full machine

Technical field

The invention belongs to full machine field of measuring technique, particularly landmark system measured by a kind of measurement target drone pedestal and full machine.

Background technology

At present, when carrying out full machine horizontal survey to aircraft both at home and abroad, be all generally adopt spirit-leveling instrument, measuring accuracy extreme difference, measures efficiency extremely low.For this reason, the employing laser tracker had now is also measured in conjunction with target ball (landmark point), but these target balls are all arranged along aircraft configuration, easily causes target ball sight line to block, cause measuring and inaccurately maybe cannot to measure, performance extremely unstable; And the target pedestal of these target balls is all generally directly be placed on the ground of factory building, target ball is placed on target seat again, all need during each measurement to reset, arrange target seat, repeatedly move, adjust the labour intensity greatly increasing tester, measuring accuracy is unstable, testing efficiency is also very low, and target ball and target seat also easily touched, not only affect the precision of landmark point, cause reclamation work to increase, also can affect staff and equipment on road surface and pass through, certainly will cause and touch, stumble,, there is potential safety hazard in easy tumble injury workman.

In addition, existing target seat is all arrange target ball mounting hole at upper surface simply, does not have other function, such as, when the flatness of target seat institute installation ground is bad, cannot carry out horizontal adjustment to realize the adjustment of target ball center coordinate, measuring accuracy cannot ensure.

Summary of the invention

For solving the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of can adjustment the centre coordinate of the target ball be placed on the pilot hole of this target seat, with satisfied different installation environment and measurement demand, use flexibly, conveniently, simple to operate, also adjustable, maintenance horizontality, effective raising laser tracker is to the measuring accuracy of target Zuo Shang target ball center coordinate, and structure is simple, production and processing is easy, is conducive to the measurement target drone pedestal applied.

Present invention also offers one and have employed this measurement target drone pedestal, without the need to repeatedly setting target seat, arrange, surveying work amount and Measuring Time few, it is high that efficiency measured by full machine, and aircraft manufacturing cost reduces, and also stops to there is potential safety hazard, and it is rational in infrastructure, science, ingenious, enforcement engineering is easy, brings economic benefit huge, and popularization and application is easy to full machine and measures landmark system.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of measurement target drone pedestal, includes target seat and locating piece, described target seat primarily of cover sheet and firm banking composition, described cover sheet and firm banking arranged in parallel and be connected and fixed one; Described locating piece can all around move, be adjustably located between cover sheet and firm banking, and the upper surface of described cover sheet is provided with pilot hole, and described locating piece is positioned at immediately below pilot hole.

Further, also be provided with locating piece governor motion between described cover sheet and firm banking, described locating piece governor motion comprises being located at and regulates fixed blocks and level to be located in every block in locating piece week four pieces of side to regulate on fixed block and towards the location set screw of locating piece; When regulating fixing, described location set screw is tightened to locating piece, regulates, fixes locating piece.

Further, described four pieces regulate fixed block head and the tail to connect, surround one, in " mouth " font, and are integrally connected with cover sheet or firm banking.

Further; described target seat includes cover sheet, firm banking and back-up block; described cover sheet and firm banking arranged in parallel; described back-up block is located between cover sheet and firm banking; and the rim position be positioned near cover sheet and firm banking, and two ends and cover sheet and firm banking are connected and fixed up and down.

Further, the leveling that the bottom surface of described firm banking is provided with the spacing for limiting firm banking and target seat installation ground limits post, and described leveling limits four corners that post can vertically move, adjustably be located at firm banking bottom surface.

Further, described leveling limits post is levelling bolt.

Landmark system measured by a kind of full machine, to include centered by aircraft symmetrical center line to be measured and to be rectangle several measurement target drone pedestals of the present invention that evenly arrangement arranges, described measurement target drone pedestal is embedded in ground, and the below of each described measurement target drone pedestal is also embedded with fixing base, described measurement target drone pedestal and fixing base are connected and fixed one.

Further, the spacing of adjacent two described measurement target drone pedestals is 2 ~ 4 meters.

Further, described fixing base is steel plate, and the fixed screw that described measurement target drone pedestal is provided with by its firm banking and fixing base are connected and fixed one.

Further, be also provided with encapsulating layer between the firm banking of described measurement target drone pedestal and fixing base, described encapsulating layer and firm banking and fixing base are connected and fixed one.

Further, this full machine is measured landmark system and is also included the over cap identical with measurement target drone number of susceptors, and described over cap covers correspondingly on measurement target drone pedestal, and maintains an equal level with ground.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

Measurement target drone pedestal of the present invention passes through technique scheme, can adjust the centre coordinate of the target ball be placed on the pilot hole of this target seat, with satisfied different installation environment and measurement demand, use flexibly, conveniently, simple to operate, effectively improve laser tracker to the measuring accuracy of target Zuo Shang target ball center coordinate; And can adjust each leveling restriction post according to the flatness of installation ground during user installation, make target seat keep horizontality, improve laser tracker further to the measuring accuracy of target Zuo Shang target ball center coordinate; And structure is simple, production and processing is easy, is conducive to applying.

In addition, the full machine of the present invention measures landmark system by technique scheme, without the need to repeatedly setting target seat, arrange during use, easy to operate, surveying work amount and Measuring Time reduce, full machine is measured efficiency and is significantly improved, and aircraft manufacturing cost declines, and the target seat being arranged on underground realizes factory building Wheelchair Accessible, both use was convenient for measuring, stop again to there is potential safety hazard, meet engineering safety requirement, turn station more convenient, faster; Measure terrestrial reference wide coverage simultaneously, solve conventional target standard seat and arrange along aircraft configuration and easily cause the problem that landmark point sight line is blocked, the stability that laser tracker is measured target ball and reliability high, measuring accuracy is high, the reduction of measuring equipment cost; And rational in infrastructure, science, ingenious, implement engineering easy, bring economic benefit huge, popularization and application is easier.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the perspective view of a kind of measurement target drone base embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the perspective structure schematic diagram of a kind of measurement target drone base embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation that landmark system embodiment measured by a kind of full machine of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that a kind of full machine of the present invention measures in landmark system embodiment.

Embodiment

In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.

As shown in Figures 1 and 2:

Embodiments provide a kind of measurement target drone pedestal, include target seat 1 and locating piece 2, described target seat 1 forms primarily of cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12, described cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12 arranged in parallel and be connected and fixed one; Described locating piece 2 can all around move, be adjustably located between cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12, and the upper surface of described cover sheet 11 is provided with pilot hole 14, and described locating piece 2 is positioned at immediately below pilot hole 14.

Concrete structure can be: described target seat 1 includes cover sheet 11, firm banking 12 and back-up block 13; described cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12 arranged in parallel; described back-up block 13 is located between cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12; and the rim position be positioned near cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12, and two ends and cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12 are connected and fixed up and down.Locating piece governor motion is also provided with between described cover sheet 11 and firm banking 12, described locating piece governor motion comprises to be located at four pieces of locating piece 2 weeks sides and to regulate fixed blocks 15 and level to be located in every block to regulate on fixed block 15 and towards the location set screw 16 of locating piece 2, wherein four pieces regulate fixed block 15 head and the tail to connect, surround one, in " mouth " font, and be integrally connected with cover sheet 11 or firm banking 12; When regulating fixing, described location set screw 16 is tightened to locating piece 2, regulates, fixes locating piece 2.

When measurement target drone pedestal of the present invention uses, can adjust locating piece 2 by turning location set screw 16, fix, thus realize adjusting the centre coordinate of the target ball be placed on the pilot hole 14 of this target seat, with satisfied different installation environment and measurement demand, it is flexible, convenient, simple to operate to use, also laser tracker is effectively improved to the measuring accuracy of target Zuo Shang target ball center coordinate, structure is simple, and production and processing is easy, is conducive to applying.

As a preferred version of measurement target drone pedestal of the present invention, the bottom surface of described firm banking 12 is provided with and limits post 17 for limiting firm banking 12 with the leveling of the spacing of target seat installation ground, it can be levelling bolt that described leveling limits post 17, and it can vertically move, be adjustably located at four corners of firm banking 12 bottom surface.Like this, post 17 can be limited to each leveling accordingly according to the flatness of installation ground during user installation and adjust, when target seat is installed and used, keep horizontality, improve laser tracker further to the measuring accuracy of target Zuo Shang target ball center coordinate.

As shown in Figures 3 and 4:

Embodiments provide a kind of full machine and measure landmark system, to include centered by aircraft symmetrical center line to be measured and to be rectangle several above-mentioned measurement target drone pedestals 3 that evenly arrangement arranges, and the spacing of adjacent two measurement target drone pedestals 3 is 2 ~ 4 meters (being preferably 3 meters); Described measurement target drone pedestal 3 is embedded in ground, and the below of each measurement target drone pedestal 3 is also embedded with fixing base 4, described measurement target drone pedestal 3 is connected and fixed one with fixing base 4, concrete structure can be: described fixing base 4 is steel plates, and the fixed screw 18 that described measurement target drone pedestal 3 is provided with by its firm banking 12 is connected and fixed one with fixing base 4.

When being measured by full machine measurement landmark system of the present invention, only need place target ball on the measurement target drone pedestal 3 of each measurement point, without the need to repeatedly setting target seat, arrange, easy to operate, greatly reduce surveying work amount and Measuring Time, full machine is measured efficiency and is significantly improved, aircraft manufacturing cost declines, the measurement target drone pedestal 3 being arranged on underground realizes factory building Wheelchair Accessible, both use was convenient for measuring, stop again to there is potential safety hazard, meet engineering safety requirement turn station more convenient, faster, measurement target drone pedestal 3 adopts centered by aircraft symmetrical center line to be measured simultaneously, and be rectangle setting of evenly arranging, measure terrestrial reference wide coverage, completely solve conventional target standard seat arrange along aircraft configuration and easily cause the problem that landmark point sight line is blocked, improve stability and reliability that laser tracker in full machine level measurement system measures target ball, the spacing of adding adjacent two measurement target drone pedestals 3 has met laser tracker and has limited 10 meters of high-precision requirement of strafing in scope, greatly ensure that measuring accuracy, the quantity that the number ratio conventional target standard seat of required target (target seat and target ball) is arranged along aircraft configuration also can greatly reduce, measuring equipment cost reduces, also do not worry working stand class frock block vision, and this full machine measure the structure of landmark system very rationally, science, ingenious, implement engineering easy, bring economic benefit huge, popularization and application is easier.

Measure a preferred version of landmark system as full machine of the present invention, be also provided with encapsulating layer 5 between the firm banking 12 of described measurement target drone pedestal 3 and fixing base 4, described encapsulating layer 5 is connected and fixed one with firm banking 12 and fixing base 4.Like this, the connection of firm banking 12 and fixing base 4 can be strengthened further, measurement target drone pedestal 3 is installed more firm, simultaneously to a certain extent available buffer people or car through the out-of-date power acted on measurement target drone pedestal 3, measurement target drone pedestal 3 is avoided to damage, effectively increase the service life, performance is also more stable.

The another preferred version of landmark system is measured as full machine of the present invention; this full machine is measured landmark system and is also included the over cap (in figure do not show) identical with measurement target drone pedestal 3 quantity; described over cap covers correspondingly on measurement target drone pedestal 3, and maintains an equal level with ground.During measurement, over cap is opened, and directly target ball is placed on target pedestal 3; Measure and complete target ball to be taken away, and cover over cap.Like this, dust both can be avoided to enter, available protecting can have been carried out to measurement target drone pedestal 3 again, and extended the serviceable life of measurement target drone pedestal 3 further and increase the stability of performance.

Certainly, sealing with shaped material full machine of the present invention measurement landmark system also can be provided with the removable rubber-like when measuring in over cap, improving dirt exclusion capabilities further.

The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications are also considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a measurement target drone pedestal, it is characterized in that: include target seat (1) and locating piece (2), described target seat (1) primarily of cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12) composition, described cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12) arranged in parallel and be connected and fixed integrally; Described locating piece (2) can all around move, be adjustably located between cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12); the upper surface of described cover sheet (11) is provided with pilot hole (14), and described locating piece (2) is positioned at immediately below pilot hole (14).
2. measurement target drone pedestal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with locating piece governor motion between described cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12), described locating piece governor motion comprises to be located at four pieces of locating piece (2) all sides and to regulate fixed block (15) and level to be located in every block to regulate fixed block (15) to go up and towards the location set screw (16) of locating piece (2); When regulating fixing, described location set screw (16) is tightened to locating piece (2), regulates, fixes locating piece (2).
3. measurement target drone pedestal according to claim 2; it is characterized in that: described four pieces regulate fixed block (15) head and the tail to connect, surround one; in " mouth " font, and be integrally connected with cover sheet (11) or firm banking (12).
4. measurement target drone pedestal according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described target seat (1) includes cover sheet (11), firm banking (12) and back-up block (13); described cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12) arranged in parallel; described back-up block (13) is located between cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12); and the rim position be positioned near cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12), and upper and lower two ends and cover sheet (11) and firm banking (12) are connected and fixed.
5. the measurement target drone pedestal according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described firm banking (12) is provided with and limits post (17) for limiting firm banking (12) with the leveling of the spacing of target seat installation ground, and described leveling limits four corners that post (17) can vertically move, adjustably be located at firm banking (12) bottom surface.
6. measurement target drone pedestal according to claim 5, is characterized in that: it is levelling bolt that described leveling limits post (17).
7. landmark system measured by a full machine, it is characterized in that: to include centered by aircraft symmetrical center line to be measured and to be rectangle several the claims 1 or 2 or the measurement target drone pedestal (3) described in 3 or 4 or 6 that evenly arrangement arranges, described measurement target drone pedestal (3) is embedded in ground, and the below of each described measurement target drone pedestal (3) is also embedded with fixing base (4), described measurement target drone pedestal (3) and fixing base (4) are connected and fixed one.
8. landmark system measured by full machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the spacing of adjacent two described measurement target drone pedestals (3) is 2 ~ 4 meters.
9. landmark system measured by full machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described fixing base (4) is steel plate, the fixed screw (18) that described measurement target drone pedestal (3) is provided with by its firm banking (12) is connected and fixed one with fixing base (4).
10. landmark system measured by full machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: be also provided with encapsulating layer (5) between the firm banking (12) of described measurement target drone pedestal (3) and fixing base (4), described encapsulating layer (5) is connected and fixed one with firm banking (12) and fixing base (4).
Landmark system measured by 11. full machines according to claim 7 or 8 or 9 or 10; it is characterized in that: this full machine is measured landmark system and also included the over cap identical with measurement target drone pedestal (3) quantity; described over cap covers correspondingly on measurement target drone pedestal (3), and maintains an equal level with ground.
CN201510492731.7A 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 A kind of measurement target drone pedestal and full machine measure landmark system CN105157685B (en)

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CN105157685B CN105157685B (en) 2018-06-29

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106091927A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-11-09 大连理工大学 A kind of levelling self-luminous Feature target
CN108871295A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 上海鼎艺冶金科技有限公司 A kind of three-dimensional space setting-out system and its application method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020148133A1 (en) * 2001-03-06 2002-10-17 Bridges Robert E. Scale-bar artifact and methods of use
CN101858754A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-10-13 浙江大学 Inertial navigation level measurement method applied to airplane general assembly
CN102519430A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-06-27 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane
CN103292726A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-11 上海工程技术大学 Target ball fixing device of laser tracker and application thereof
CN204881630U (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司 Terrestrial reference system is measured with full machine to measurement target drone base

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020148133A1 (en) * 2001-03-06 2002-10-17 Bridges Robert E. Scale-bar artifact and methods of use
CN101858754A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-10-13 浙江大学 Inertial navigation level measurement method applied to airplane general assembly
CN102519430A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-06-27 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane
CN103292726A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-11 上海工程技术大学 Target ball fixing device of laser tracker and application thereof
CN204881630U (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司 Terrestrial reference system is measured with full machine to measurement target drone base

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106091927A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-11-09 大连理工大学 A kind of levelling self-luminous Feature target
CN108871295A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 上海鼎艺冶金科技有限公司 A kind of three-dimensional space setting-out system and its application method

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