CN102519430A - Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane - Google Patents

Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102519430A
CN102519430A CN2011104007792A CN201110400779A CN102519430A CN 102519430 A CN102519430 A CN 102519430A CN 2011104007792 A CN2011104007792 A CN 2011104007792A CN 201110400779 A CN201110400779 A CN 201110400779A CN 102519430 A CN102519430 A CN 102519430A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
horizontal
aircraft
laser
measuring
point
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011104007792A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
武鹏
尹恩贝
Original Assignee
江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司 filed Critical 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司
Priority to CN2011104007792A priority Critical patent/CN102519430A/en
Publication of CN102519430A publication Critical patent/CN102519430A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal laser measurement system and a method for an airplane. The horizontal laser measurement system is composed of a laser locating device, a horizontal reference coordinate point and a horizontal measurement point. The horizontal laser measurement system is characterized in that: at least four horizontal reference coordinate points are arranged around the airplane; the laser locating device is arranged at one side of the airplane; a plurality of horizontal measuring points are arranged on the airplane; and the laser locating device is connected with a computer. In a measuring process, the value of each measuring point is produced by a laser tracker according to the laser reflection principle, so that the measurement error caused by manual operation is reduced, and the measurement value is more accurate.

Description

Aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to measuring technique, specifically is to utilize laser locating apparatus to carry out the data acquisition of airplane horizontal survey, particularly aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system and method.

Background technology

Existing airplane horizontal survey method is to adopt transit, tape measure, steel ruler and vertical etc.Contact with measurement point with vertical one end, adjust to then vertically and flush with vertical line, read the relative datum numerical value of measurement point with transit with steel ruler or tape measure.But measuring operation is operated completion by several staff, and transit needs repeatedly the location could accomplish the measurement of the whole measurement points of aircraft in the measuring process of full machine, and the operation time spent is long and the accuracy influence human factor logarithm value is bigger.Along with improving constantly of aeroplane performance; Requirement to aircraft configuration is also increasingly high; Therefore full machine leveling error to be had higher requirement, the leveling error of some aircraft be ± below the 0.5mm, the optical instrument of routine can not satisfy the requirement of airplane horizontal survey.

Summary of the invention

The accuracy of data is enhanced productivity when measuring in order to improve the standard.We adopt laser tracker to carry out full machine horizontal survey.Can effectively reduce the time used when measuring, and accuracy that can better control survey data.

The present invention solves the scheme that its technical matters adopts; Aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system; Be made up of laser locating apparatus, horizontal reference coordinate points and horizontal survey point, what it is characterized in that aircraft is provided with at least four horizontal reference coordinate points on every side, and a side is provided with laser locating apparatus; Aircraft is provided with some horizontal survey points, and laser locating apparatus is connected with computing machine.

A kind of method of aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system the steps include:

1) aircraft is fixed and adjusted aircraft, fixing four horizontal reference coordinate points on ground to horizontality;

2) read the coordinate of four horizontal reference coordinate points respectively with laser locating apparatus, draw up the aircraft surface level through computer mould then;

3) respectively aircraft each horizontal survey point is on one side carried out laser measurement with laser target, and write down the coordinate figure of each point;

4) laser measuring device for measuring is moved to the opposite side of aircraft, horizontal survey point is carried out measuring like the mode of step 3;

5) horizontal survey point with all measurements is recorded in the aircraft horizontal coordinates of computer simulation, according to the requirement of numerical value, respectively the different horizontal measurement point is calculated desired each horizontal survey point distance values.

Use the ground stationary installation to lay 4 horizontal reference coordinate points of plane internal fixation at aircraft; Set up an aircraft level reference according to the horizontal reference coordinate points; Use an end of laser locating apparatus target to point to the horizontal survey point that the needs on the airframe are measured, in the reference field that computing machine is set up, indicate out the three-dimensional relative coordinate value of institute's measuring point by laser locating apparatus emission and reception laser beam.Through calculating distance between each horizontal survey point, obtain the distance relation between each point of needed aircraft level then.

Advantage of the present invention is, measure and just can be accomplished by two operating personnel, and measuring instrument fixes the surveying work that just can accomplish the whole measurement points of full machine for twice, practiced thrift the manpower of airplane horizontal survey, improved work efficiency.In measuring process, the numerical value of measurement point is to utilize the principle of reflection of laser to produce by laser tracker, so reduced the measuring error that manual operation caused, it is more accurate to measure numerical value.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a system layout synoptic diagram of the present invention.

Among the figure: 1-laser locating apparatus, 2-horizontal reference coordinate points, 3-horizontal survey point, 4-computing machine.

Embodiment

Combine accompanying drawing and embodiment that the present invention is described further at present; Referring to Fig. 1, aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system is made up of laser locating apparatus 1, horizontal reference coordinate points 2, horizontal survey point 3 and computing machine 4; It is characterized in that aircraft around be provided with at least four horizontal reference coordinate points 2; One side is provided with laser locating apparatus 1, and aircraft is provided with some horizontal survey points 3, and laser locating apparatus 1 is connected with computing machine 4.

A kind of method of aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system the steps include:

1) aircraft is fixed and adjusted aircraft, fixing four horizontal reference coordinate points 2 on ground to horizontality;

2) read the coordinate of four horizontal reference coordinate points 2 respectively with laser locating apparatus 1, simulate the aircraft surface level through computing machine 4 then;

3) respectively aircraft each horizontal survey point 3 is on one side carried out laser measurement with laser target, and write down the coordinate figure of each point;

4) laser measuring device for measuring 1 is moved to the opposite side of aircraft, horizontal survey point 3 is carried out measuring like the mode of step 3;

5) horizontal survey point 3 with all measurements is recorded in the aircraft horizontal coordinates of computing machine 4 simulations, according to the requirement of numerical value, respectively different horizontal measurement point 3 is calculated desired each horizontal survey point 3 distance values.

Embodiment:Preferred forms of the present invention; Aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system; Form by laser locating apparatus 1, horizontal reference coordinate points 2, horizontal survey point 3 and computing machine 4; Around aircraft, be provided with at least four horizontal reference coordinate points 2, horizontal reference coordinate points 2 is apart from the about 3-5 rice of fuselage position, and clear stops that laser beam gets final product.Side at measured aircraft is provided with laser locating apparatus 1, and aircraft is provided with some horizontal survey points 3, and horizontal survey point 3 is for the needed measured value of the every airplane of leveling, generally when airplane design with regard to given quantity and position.The position all is distributed in the positions such as leading portion, stage casing, vertical fin, empennage and wing of fuselage generally speaking, and laser locating apparatus 1 is connected with computing machine 4.

The method step of its measurement is following:

1) at first aircraft is fixed and adjusted aircraft to horizontality.Fixing four horizontal reference coordinate points 2 on ground.

Set up coordinate system.Measurement point light straight line can reach in erect-position of laser tracker measurement requirement, and the light that can not break renews, and can not there be barrier the centre; Horizontal survey point major part on the aircraft all is to be symmetrically distributed; Established angle such as wing, horizontal tail just needs to measure the coordinate points about fuselage, because the centre is blocked by fuselage, undercarriage etc., needs a plurality of websites in the measuring process; A plurality of coordinate systems; So the separate unit laser tracker must enlarge measurement range through the method for " change station ", make that the light straight line can reach under single erect-position, realize effectively measuring.In " change station " process, have at least 7 common basic points to connect between the adjacent erect-position, 7 common basic points through two erect-positions connect different erect-position information each other, form a unified coordinate system.

2) read the coordinate of four horizontal reference coordinate points 2 respectively with laser locating apparatus 1, simulate the aircraft surface level through computing machine 4 then.Respectively aircraft each horizontal survey point 3 is on one side carried out laser measurement with laser target, write down the coordinate figure of each point then, laser measuring apparatus should guarantee fixing in measuring process and guarantee level with tripod.

The measurement of coordinate points.Through the erect-position conversion, energy measurement is to all coordinate points of full machine.Two kinds of measuring methods are arranged:

A. the direct method of measurement directly is placed into the tested point position with target, calculates result's average through repeatedly sampling, having measuring system to cross, and realizes the measurement of measured point, just can adopt this mode such as the punctuate for the fuselage side;

B. the indirect method of measurement; Through measuring sphere or circle, adopt the centre of sphere or center of circle match mode to measure the coordinate of the point in the centre of sphere or the center of circle indirectly, such as the punctuate of wing, horizontal tail bottom; Because coordinate points is in the bottom; Sometimes Stimulated Light head height degree restriction, inconvenience is directly measured, and can take indirect metering system.

3) aircraft horizontal survey point 3 on one side all measure accomplish after, laser measuring device for measuring 1 is moved to the other side of aircraft, horizontal survey point 3 is measured, measurement requirement is consistent with step 2.

4) horizontal survey point 3 of all measurements all can be recorded in the aircraft horizontal coordinates of computing machine 4 simulations, according to the requirement of numerical value, respectively different horizontal measurement point 3 is calculated desired each horizontal survey point 3 distance values.

Because erect-position is longer switching time, batch product aircraft, output is big, all will reset some at every turn, is unfavorable for improving efficiency of measurement.Need solve this problem through the horizontal survey position is set.Measure needs in order to adapt to batch, it is full machine horizontal survey dedicated location that a zone is set, and in this position pre-buried commentaries on classics station basic point; Position, the laser tracker approximate location of aircraft are done sign; When measuring next time, then need not basic point is set once more, and utilize former basic point can realize many sorties; Multiple batches of measurement improves efficiency of measurement.

Be measured as example with the true angle of incidence and the upper counterangle, table 1 is seen in the data contrast.

Table 1 measurement data contrast situation

Can find out that through above data contrast the ordinary optical instrument is consistent with laser tracker reflection wing installation situation, the numerical value departure meets the requirements basically, but measuring accuracy is improved.

Claims (2)

1. aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system; Form by laser locating apparatus (1), horizontal reference coordinate points (2), horizontal survey point (3) and computing machine (4); It is characterized in that aircraft around be provided with at least four horizontal reference coordinate points (2); One side is provided with laser locating apparatus (1), and aircraft is provided with some horizontal survey points (3), and laser locating apparatus (1) is connected with computing machine (4).
2. the method for an aircraft horizontal laser light measuring system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the steps include:
1) aircraft is fixed and adjusted aircraft, fixing four horizontal reference coordinate points (2) on ground to horizontality;
2) read the coordinate of four horizontal reference coordinate points (2) respectively with laser locating apparatus (1), simulate the aircraft surface level through computing machine (4) then;
3) respectively aircraft each horizontal survey point (3) is on one side carried out laser measurement with laser target, and write down the coordinate figure of each point;
4) laser measuring device for measuring (1) is moved to the opposite side of aircraft, horizontal survey point (3) is carried out measuring like the mode of step 3;
5) horizontal survey point (3) with all measurements is recorded in the aircraft horizontal coordinates of computing machine (4) simulation, according to the requirement of numerical value, respectively different horizontal measurement point (3) is calculated desired each horizontal survey point (3) distance values.
CN2011104007792A 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane CN102519430A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011104007792A CN102519430A (en) 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011104007792A CN102519430A (en) 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102519430A true CN102519430A (en) 2012-06-27

Family

ID=46290433

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011104007792A CN102519430A (en) 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Horizontal laser measurement system and method for airplane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102519430A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105157685A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司 Measurement target base and full-aircraft landmark measurement system
CN105959630A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-21 中国人民解放军海军航空工程学院 Airplane attitude near-distance observation system and method based on long-distance photoelectric camera shooting
CN109484668A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-03-19 中国民用航空飞行学院 A kind of pickaback plane level measurement method and system

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101865653A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-10-20 浙江大学 Method for measuring precision of 1# frame of plane general assembly

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101865653A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-10-20 浙江大学 Method for measuring precision of 1# frame of plane general assembly

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
何秉高: "基于激光雷达的飞行器水平测量技术研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库》, 15 February 2010 (2010-02-15) *
武鹏等: "激光跟踪仪在全机水平测量的应用", 《洪都科技》, no. 3, 15 September 2010 (2010-09-15) *
陈登海等: "基于激光雷达的飞机水平测量", 《中国制造业信息化》, vol. 38, no. 5, 1 March 2009 (2009-03-01) *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105157685A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-16 中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司 Measurement target base and full-aircraft landmark measurement system
CN105959630A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-21 中国人民解放军海军航空工程学院 Airplane attitude near-distance observation system and method based on long-distance photoelectric camera shooting
CN105959630B (en) * 2016-05-17 2019-03-12 中国人民解放军海军航空大学 Aspect short distance observation system and method based on remote photoelectric camera shooting
CN109484668A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-03-19 中国民用航空飞行学院 A kind of pickaback plane level measurement method and system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4146967A (en) Rotor blade inspection fixture
CN104316903B (en) A kind of three station positioning using TDOA performance test appraisal procedures
Caroti et al. Accuracy assessment in structure from motion 3D reconstruction from UAV-born images: the influence of the data processing methods.
CN105222807B (en) A kind of rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle precision approach path indicator check system and method for calibration
CN103994754B (en) Altitude measuring method and system
CN103307996B (en) A kind of laser scanning easy device
CN103453849B (en) The complex curved surface parts method for three-dimensional measurement that many optical sensors are collaborative and system
CN103307984B (en) A kind of laser measuring device for measuring for adjustable propeller blade, system and method
CN105157697A (en) Indoor mobile robot pose measurement system and measurement method based on optoelectronic scanning
CN102207371B (en) Three-dimensional point coordinate measuring method and measuring apparatus thereof
CN106597416B (en) A kind of error correcting method of the LiDAR data depth displacement of ground GPS auxiliary
CN106093963B (en) A method of improving the vehicle-mounted laser radar scanning data precision of railway
CN103712555B (en) Automotive frame pilot hole vision on-line measurement system and method thereof
CN105203023B (en) A kind of one-stop scaling method of vehicle-mounted three-dimensional laser scanning system placement parameter
CN102721365B (en) Method and device for high-speed and accurate measurement of tunnel section
CN204313798U (en) A kind of laser beam in-situ calibration device
CN105319449B (en) Antenna damnification method based on unmanned plane
CN204341410U (en) A kind of flight control system of Shipborne UAV autonomous landing on the ship
CN105068065B (en) The in-orbit calibration method of spaceborne laser altimeter system instrument and system
Olson et al. Blade deflection measurements of a full-scale UH-60A rotor system
CN105352504A (en) Inertial navigation-laser scanning integrated coal mining machine positioning device and method
CN103471519A (en) Method for measuring deformation of power transmission and transformation tower by adoption of prism-free photoelectric total station
CN106091972B (en) A kind of building change detecting method projecting dot density based on moving window
CN102003942B (en) Image-based method for detecting tree diameter
CN103983189B (en) Horizontal position measuring method based on secondary platform linear array CCDs

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120627