CN105149954B - Digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts - Google Patents

Digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105149954B
CN105149954B CN201510656072.6A CN201510656072A CN105149954B CN 105149954 B CN105149954 B CN 105149954B CN 201510656072 A CN201510656072 A CN 201510656072A CN 105149954 B CN105149954 B CN 105149954B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bits
clamp
lathe bed
drilling
feed
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201510656072.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105149954A (en
Inventor
霍双宁
黄建勇
王羿
马博
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Ningyuan precision machinery Limited by Share Ltd
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SHANGHAI NINGYUAN PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201510656072.6A priority Critical patent/CN105149954B/en
Publication of CN105149954A publication Critical patent/CN105149954A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/005Devices for removing chips by blowing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material

Abstract

The invention relates to a digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts. The digital controlled drill comprises a lathe bed part, a clamp part, a power head part, a scrap blowing part, a lubricating pneumatic part, a feeding and discharging part, a housing part, an electrical part, a hydraulic pressure station and a scrap discharging machine. In the machining process, a work-piece is held up from a conveyor chain of the feeding and discharging part and horizontally clamped and fixed through the clamp part, four drilling spindles finish drilling of the first time from the upper side, then the work-piece continues to be drilled for the second time after being driven by an indexing spindle to finish indexing, and four holes are sequentially drilled at different positions on the work-piece in the same direction each time; after drilling is finished, the drilling spindles at the left side are returned, and chamfering spindles at the right side sequentially chamfer the inner holes; meanwhile, four scrap blowing stations are reserved to blow air into the machined inner holes of the work-piece so as to remove scrap iron. The digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts is high in automation degree, easy to operate, safe, reliable and capable of forming an assembly line with a gearbox production line, greatly reduces the labor cost, and improves the machining efficiency.

Description

A kind of numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole
Technical field
The present invention relates to machine components technical field of processing equipment, the more particularly, to number of working shaft-like part radial hole Control drilling machine.
Background technology
Electromotor and change speed gear box are the major embodiments of a automobile advanced technology.And be accompanied by in-cylinder direct-jet, turbocharging, Variable timing valve system, these are gradually stable for what engine performance was lifted, and following Ge great auto vendors seem to start Attention has been put on change speed gear box.
Gear shaft is to constitute one of vital part of change speed gear box, and its Main Function is transmitting torque, makes automobile be advanced Power, and realize speed change.But the part being connected with gear shaft in the middle of running, for example bearing, gear etc. are in height Need to obtain enough lubrications in the middle of speed operation, so needing to add where gear shaft installs the position of bearing or driving parts Work radial hole, ensures stable operation and the life-span of transmission component in change speed gear box.
Current gear shaft radial direction hole machined, needs Twist Drill and chamfer drill to go inner-hole burr two procedures.Typically Processing technique be using machining center coordinate tool magazine tool changing twice complete.The processing method non-cutting time is long, and is not suitable for Processed in multistation simultaneously, it is less efficient.If using the multiple stage equipment, improve a large amount of production costs again.
Based on above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of be applied to processing rotary shaft radial hole, while also The NC deep hole drilling machine of aperture burr can be removed, the non-cutting time of processing is short, it is not necessary to tool changing, and four can be processed simultaneously Workpiece, is especially suitable for producing in enormous quantities.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome prior art not enough, there is provided a kind of to be applied to working shaft-like part radial hole, together When can also remove the NC deep hole drilling machine of aperture burr, the non-cutting time of this kind of numerical control drilling machine processing is short, it is not necessary to tool changing, and Four workpiece, high in machining efficiency and easy to operate, low production cost are processed simultaneously can.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole, which includes lathe bed part, folder Have part, power head part, blow bits part, lubrication Pneumatic component, loading and unloading part, electric component, Hydraulic Station and Scrap-removing machine, its Described in lathe bed part bits part mounting seat, right side blown by main lathe bed and the left side on the main lathe bed blow bits part Mounting seat, left side clamp member feed mechanism and right side clamp member feed mechanism composition, the Scrap-removing machine are placed on master At iron filings blanking port below lathe bed, the bits part that blows includes left side bits blower and right side bits blower, and the left side is blown Bits device and right side bits blower respectively by left side blow bits part mounting seat and right side blow bits part mounting seat with it is described Main lathe bed connection, the left side bits blower are fixed, and, by hydraulic oil cylinder driving, the clamp member is by a left side for the right side bits blower Side clamp member feed mechanism and right side clamp member feed mechanism are connected with the main lathe bed, and the clamp member is installed above There are left side fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device, left side clamp member feed mechanism and right side clamp member feeding machine Structure is driven by servomotor, drives the left side fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device motion, the right side folder Tool holding device is driven by servomotor, and the power head part includes left side drilling main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft, the left side Sidetracking cuts main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft is separately mounted on left side fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device, the power Head part is driven by servomotor, and the lubrication Pneumatic component and Hydraulic Station are arranged on the support of the main lathe bed, described Loading and unloading part is installed through on the main lathe bed, while contact with ground level, the electric component by guidance panel and Electric cabinet composition, electric cabinet horizontal positioned.
Further, also including case, the guidance panel is connected with case.
Further, four unit heads are respectively configured with the left side drilling main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft.
In sum, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The NC deep hole drilling machine bed is easy to operate, stable and reliable for performance, with Traditional processing technique is compared, and the lathe is not only high in machining efficiency, and easy to operate, low production cost.
The present invention is described in more detail below by embodiment.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 shows a kind of structural plan of the numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole of the invention;
Fig. 2 shows a kind of top view of the structural plan of the numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole of the invention;
Fig. 3 shows a kind of left view of the structural plan of the numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole of the invention.
Wherein reference:Main lathe bed 1, left side clamp member feed mechanism 2, right side clamp member feed mechanism 3, up and down Material part 4, case 5, right side chamfering main shaft 6, lubrication Pneumatic component 7, Hydraulic Station 8, Scrap-removing machine 9, left side drilling master 10, right side folder Tool holding device 11, left side fixture holding device 12, left side bits blower 13, left side blow bits part mounting seat 14, right side and blow Bits device 15, right side blows bits part mounting seat 16, workpiece 17, guidance panel 18, electric cabinet 19.
Specific embodiment
1 to accompanying drawing 3 is further described to the present invention with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.But protection scope of the present invention It is not limited to this.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 shows a kind of axial workpiece radial hole numerical control drilling machine of the present invention, and which includes lathe bed part, fixture Part, power head part(Including drill spindle and chamfering main shaft), blow bits part, lubrication Pneumatic component, loading and unloading part, case Part, electric component, Hydraulic Station and Scrap-removing machine.
Its medial bed part by main lathe bed 1, left side blow bits part mounting seat 14, right side blow bits part mounting seat 16, Left side clamp member feed mechanism 2, right side clamp member feed mechanism 3, Scrap-removing machine 9 is constituted.Main lathe bed 1 is placed on flatly Bits part mounting seat 16, left side clamp member feed mechanism 2, right side fixture is blown in face, side-blown bits part mounting seat 14, right side Part feed mechanism 3 is arranged on above main lathe bed 1, and Scrap-removing machine 9 is placed at the iron filings blanking port below main lathe bed 1.
Blow bits part and blown by side-blown bits part mounting seat 14 and right side and consider part mounting seat 16 to be worth doing and connect with main lathe bed 1 Connect, which is separately installed with left side bits blower 13 and right side bits blower 15 above, and left side bits blower 13 is fixed, right side Bits blower 16 workpiece 17 can be fixed wherein, the iron filings in workpiece are removed by blowing by hydraulic oil cylinder driving.
Clamp member is connected with main lathe bed 1 by left side clamp member feed mechanism 2 and right side clamp member feed mechanism 3 Connect, which is separately installed with above left side fixture holding device 12 and right side fixture holding device 11.Left side clamp member feeding machine Structure 2 and right side clamp member feed mechanism 3 are driven by servomotor, drive left side fixture holding device 12 and right side fixture top Tight device 11 is moved together, in process, workpiece 17 is fixed wherein.The fixture holding device 11 on right side is by servomotor Drive, the indexing rotation of workpiece can be completed.
Power head part is made up of left side drilling main shaft 10 and right side chamfering main shaft 6, and left side drilling main shaft 10 and right side are fallen Angle main shaft 6 is separately mounted on left side fixture holding device 12 and right side fixture holding device 11.Main shaft per side is equipped with 4 Individual unit head, the power head part by servo-drive, in process, can complete on request workpiece 17 drilling cutting and Inner bore chamfering.
Lubrication Pneumatic component 7 and Hydraulic Station 8 are arranged on the support of main lathe bed, are completed the mist of oil profit in the course of processing by which The realization of the actions such as cunning, air blowing, Workpiece clamping.
The loading and unloading part 4 is installed through on main lathe bed 1, while contacting with ground level, workpiece 17 is placed on On blanking part 4, lifting, fall and transmitting by its workpiece.
The electric component is made up of guidance panel 18 and electric cabinet 19,19 horizontal positioned of electric cabinet, guidance panel 18 and case 5 Connection.
During work, workpiece 17 is placed on loading and unloading part 4, and Cutting tool installation manner is in left side drilling main shaft 10 and right side chamfering master On axle 6, workpiece 17 under the driving of servo is moved to the clamping region of clamp member, and workpiece is lifted by loading and unloading part 4 Rise.Fixture feed mechanism 2 and right side fixture feed mechanism 3 on the left of servo-drive, while drive the left side folder of side mounted thereto Workpiece 17 is fixed on clamped position by tool holding device 12 and right side fixture holding device 11.
Servomotor drives left side drilling main shaft 10 to move down, and completes the bore operation on workpiece 17, then in servo Driving under, right side fixture holding device 11 drives workpiece 17 to carry out indexing rotation, and left side drilling main shaft 10 continues to move down, Complete other bore operations on workpiece 17.
After machining, in the case where servomotor drives, left side drilling main shaft 10 returns to initial position, by right side chamfering main shaft 6 carry out inner bore chamfering operation on workpiece 17, after completing the operation in a direction, drive workpiece by right side fixture holding device 11 17 carry out indexing rotation, continue thereafter to carry out inner bore chamfering operation by right side chamfering main shaft 6.
After completing this circulation, servomotor drives loading and unloading part 4 that the workpiece for processing falls, and sends it to and blows The working region of bits part.Servomotor drives Hydraulic Station 8, drives right side bits blower 15 under the driving of oil cylinder, by workpiece 17 clamp, and the iron filings for processing residual in workpiece 17 are blown away removing by the air provided by lubrication Pneumatic component 7.
After completing above operation, workpiece 17 continues to be transferred to equipment via loading and unloading part 4, is taken by operator Walk.
The iron filings produced in the course of processing are discharged via the blanking port Jing Scrap-removing machines 9 of main lathe bed 1.Whole process, by Case 5 is protected to equipment and operator, in order to avoid injury.
The present invention adopts fluted drill and deburring dedicated tool processing gear shaft radial hole, can once process 4 gears Axle, during processing, workpiece is lifted up from the conveyer chain of loading and unloading part and carries out horizontal-clamping by clamp member and fixes, four brills Hole main shaft completes drilling for the first time from top, and continuation after then workpiece is driven by indexing spindle and completes to index drills for second, often Secondary drilling bores 4 holes in workpiece same direction diverse location successively.After completing drilling, left side drill spindle return, right side chamfering Main shaft carries out inner bore chamfering successively.Meanwhile, also four are blown bits station, to machining after inner hole of workpiece blow removing ferrum Bits.
The equipment is capable of achieving automatic running processing, and self-emptying forms same streamline with gear-box production line, subtracts significantly Lack cost of labor, improve working (machining) efficiency.
The numerical control drilling machine of the working shaft-like part radial hole of the present invention is not limited to the structure in above-described embodiment, can carry out Various modifications, in a word, all improvement in without departing from scope of the present invention are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole, it is characterised in which includes lathe bed part, clamp member, dynamic Power head part, blow bits part, lubrication Pneumatic component, loading and unloading part, electric component, Hydraulic Station and Scrap-removing machine, wherein described bed Body part blows bits part mounting seat, right side by main lathe bed and the left side on the main lathe bed and blows bits part installation bottom Seat, left side clamp member feed mechanism and right side clamp member feed mechanism composition, the Scrap-removing machine are placed under main lathe bed At the iron filings blanking port of side, the bits part that blows includes left side bits blower and right side bits blower, the left side bits blower Bits part mounting seat is blown by left side respectively with right side bits blower and bits part mounting seat and the main lathe bed are blown in right side Connection, the left side bits blower are fixed, and by hydraulic oil cylinder driving, the clamp member passes through left side fixture to the right side bits blower Part feed mechanism and right side clamp member feed mechanism are connected with the main lathe bed, and the clamp member is installed above left side Fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device, left side clamp member feed mechanism and right side clamp member feed mechanism pass through Servomotor drives, and drives the left side fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device motion, the right side fixture to hold out against Device is driven by servomotor, and the power head part includes left side drilling main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft, the left side drilling Main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft are separately mounted on left side fixture holding device and right side fixture holding device, the power head part Driven by servomotor, the lubrication Pneumatic component and Hydraulic Station are arranged on the support of the main lathe bed, the loading and unloading Part is installed through on the main lathe bed, while contacting with ground level, the electric component is by guidance panel and electric cabinet group Into electric cabinet horizontal positioned.
2. the numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including case, The guidance panel is connected with case.
3. the numerical control drilling machine of working shaft-like part radial hole according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the left side drilling Four unit heads are configured with respectively on main shaft and right side chamfering main shaft.
CN201510656072.6A 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts Active CN105149954B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510656072.6A CN105149954B (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510656072.6A CN105149954B (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Digital controlled drill for machining radial holes of shaft parts

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CN105149954A CN105149954A (en) 2015-12-16
CN105149954B true CN105149954B (en) 2017-03-22

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CN106180070A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-07 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 CV internal ring internal thread broaching cleaning plant

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Address after: 201107 1, 10, 669, Lian you road, Minhang District, Shanghai.

Patentee after: Shanghai Ningyuan precision machinery Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 201107 1, 10, 669, Lian you road, Minhang District, Shanghai.

Patentee before: Shanghai Ningyuan Precision Machinery Co., Ltd.