CN105135741A - Modularized pump-free solar absorption type refrigerating machine - Google Patents

Modularized pump-free solar absorption type refrigerating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105135741A
CN105135741A CN201510531446.1A CN201510531446A CN105135741A CN 105135741 A CN105135741 A CN 105135741A CN 201510531446 A CN201510531446 A CN 201510531446A CN 105135741 A CN105135741 A CN 105135741A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pump
solar
module
refrigerating machine
absorption
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Pending
Application number
CN201510531446.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王国伟
朱文豪
周华飞
沈翀
黄飞
陆晨
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HAINING MICRO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HAINING MICRO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510531446.1A priority Critical patent/CN105135741A/en
Publication of CN105135741A publication Critical patent/CN105135741A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems

Abstract

The invention provides a modularized pump-free solar absorption type refrigerating machine, and belongs to the field of heat ventilation and air-conditioning. The device consists of a pump-free absorption type refrigerating module, a solar heat collecting module and a heat conduction oil loop, wherein refrigerating power of the pump-free absorption type refrigerating module ranges from 60W to 3kW; the pump-free absorption type refrigerating module internally comprises a generator, a bubble pump, a rectifier, a condenser, an evaporator, an absorber and a liquid reservoir which are sequentially connected to form a refrigerant cycle; and a solar heating module is tightly attached outside the absorber. The solar heat collecting module comprises a solar heat collector, a water pump and a hot water tank which form a hot water loop through a pipeline. The solar heat collecting module is used for transmitting heat to the absorption type refrigerating module through a heat conduction oil cycle. The device realizes pump-free solar refrigerating, is relatively low in power consumption, small in noise, reliable in operation, convenient for modularized production and assembly, suitable for the small-sized household field, and wide in prospect.

Description

Modularization is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of utilize solar energy without pump module refrigerating plant, belong to sorption type refrigerating technology field.
Background technology
Along with the development of World Economics and the raising of living standards of the people, the demand of people to air-conditioning is increasing, and air conditioning energy consumption increases rapidly, but fossil energy reduces gradually.Therefore, in the urgent need to a kind of highly effective refrigeration technology utilizing regenerative resource.
Need to consume a large amount of electric energy relative to traditional electrical refrigeration, it is not enough that absorption refrigeration unit can utilize the cheap energy and low grade heat energy to solve supply of electric power, and containing freon etc., ozone layer is not had to the material etc. of destruction, is widely applied just gradually.Compared with traditional compression-type refrigeration, the advantage such as absorption refrigeration has can rely on heat-driven, can work in larger heat source temperature fluctuation range, environmental sound.But, also there is the problems such as COP is lower in it, and for be accepted completely, be also in development.
And solar energy is as a kind of regenerative resource, clean and safe, is close to inexhaustible, nexhaustible, one of first-selected energy beyond doubt under energy-saving and emission-reduction background.Drive absorption refrigeration unit using solar energy as thermal source, form solar absorption refrigerating machine group, be a kind of technological means efficiently, obtain everybody attention just gradually.But, in the market widely used Absorption Refrigerator general all bulky, refrigerating capacity is excessive, and expensive, greatly limit its application in domestic air conditioning and refrigerator field.In addition, the hot water temperature of common solar thermal collector manufacture is also often not enough to Direct driver Absorption Cooling System.Therefore, need to carry out transformation and integrated to existing solar thermal collector and Absorption Refrigerator, form more efficient solar absorption refrigerating machine, make its ease of assembly and production, and be applicable to small household refrigeration and field of air conditioning.
In addition, conventional Absorption Refrigerator often needs liquid pump to drive, and this considerably increases high-grade power consumption, also creates noise problem, be not suitable for family expenses especially.Meanwhile, due to the corrosivity that working medium is right, the fault of solution pump is the major reason that conventional absorption refrigerating plant can not run well, and the ratio that the fault of solution pump is shared in whole device all parts is quite high.Therefore use airlift pump to replace solution pump to realize circulating without pump of absorption refrigeration and be not only conducive to the application of absorption refrigeration in domestic environments, and improve the reliability of system.
Chinese patent literature (CN201410153201.5) proposes a kind of Absorption Refrigerator with integral solar energy heat pump system, comprises hot water storage tank, circulating pump, compressor and evaporimeter etc.Although it can utilize solar energy to freeze to a certain extent, electrical equipment is a lot, as various pump and compressor etc., causes overall efficiency lower; And complex structure, floor space is large, and cost is higher, and is not suitable for small-sized household field.
Chinese patent literature (CN201320535104.3) proposes a kind of solar absorption refrigeration system, comprises generator, condenser, evaporimeter, absorber, and for solar thermal collector that described generator heats.But which provides only a kind of simple and easy thinking, do not describe device structure and the circulation process of specific implementation.And it also needs liquid pump to drive Absorption Cooling System, power consumption is comparatively large, reliability is poor.
Chinese patent literature (CN201310540843.6) proposes a kind of environment protection solar absorbing type refrigeration air-conditioning system, comprises solar thermal collector, generator, condenser, evaporimeter, absorber and boiler etc.But it needs solar thermal collector to be arranged on ability actualizing technology function on bank, river, also needs liquid pump to drive Absorption Cooling System simultaneously.
Therefore, need a kind of technical scheme more effectively to realize Driven by Solar Energy Absorption Refrigerator, and be applicable to domestic environment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide that a kind of modularization generates without pump Absorption Refrigerator, and make full use of solar energy thermal source be provided, raising refrigerating efficiency.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of modularization, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: form by without pump absorption refrigeration module, solar energy heat collecting module and conduction oil loop; Described without pump absorption refrigeration modular refrigeration power between 60W to 3kW, containing generator, airlift pump, condenser, evaporimeter, liquid reservoir, rectifier, absorber, auxiliary heating module and solar energy heating module, described generator, airlift pump, rectifier, condenser, evaporimeter, absorber are connected successively with liquid reservoir, internal duct communicates, and forms the loop of refrigerant circulation; Auxiliary heating module and solar energy heating module are closely wrapped in absorber outside, provide thermal source; Cool room is outside evaporimeter; Described solar energy heat collecting module, containing solar thermal collector, water pump and boiler, is connected successively by pipeline, forms hot water circuit, in boiler, arranges heat exchange coil; Be connected by conduction oil loop without between pump absorption refrigeration module and solar energy heat collecting module, the one end in conduction oil loop is without the solar energy heating module in pump absorption refrigeration module, the other end is the heat exchange coil in boiler, and conduction oil circulation is driven by Heat-transfer Oil Pump.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: be multiplely connected with a solar energy heat collecting module without pump absorption refrigeration module, coupling refrigerating capacity.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described cool room is refrigerator or air-conditioning.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described condenser arranges radiator fan.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described evaporimeter arranges thermantidote.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described solar thermal collector is linear Fresnel formula solar thermal collector, trough type solar heat-collector or heat pipe vacuum hot collector.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described auxiliary heating module is electrical heating or gas-operated thermal bath facility.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described housing of hot water box arranges insulation material.
Modularization of the present invention, without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, is characterized in that: described absorbent is lithium-bromide solution or ammonia spirit.
The present invention has the following advantages and outstanding technique effect: 1. utilize solar energy to drive Absorption Refrigerator as thermal source, energy-efficient.2. utilize airlift pump to instead of solution pump, achieve without pump Absorption heat-transformer, decrease noise.3. high-grade power consumption reduces greatly, and Absorption Cooling System is more reliable.4. modularization processing, assembled simple and easy, compensate for the market vacancy of small absorption refrigeration plant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine.
Fig. 2 is the assembling schematic diagram of multiple modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine of band fan.
In figure: 1-solar energy heating module; 2-generator; 3-airlift pump; 4-heat exchange coil; 5-solar thermal collector; The 6-sun; 7-water pump; 8-boiler; 9-rectifier; 10-condenser; 11-cool room; 12-evaporimeter; 13-liquid reservoir; 14-is without pump absorption refrigeration module; 15-absorber; 16-auxiliary heating module; 17-solar energy heat collecting module; 18-radiator fan; 19-thermantidote; 20-Heat-transfer Oil Pump.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, principle of the present invention, structure and detailed description of the invention are described further.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine.This device mainly comprises and forming by without pump absorption refrigeration module (14) and solar energy heat collecting module (17).The described refrigeration work consumption without pump absorption refrigeration module (14), between 60W to 3kW, is convenient to modularized production, and is applicable to the refrigerating environment of comparatively small volume.Without pump absorption refrigeration module (14) containing generator (2), airlift pump (3), condenser (10), evaporimeter (12), liquid reservoir (13), rectifier (9), absorber (15), auxiliary heating module (16) and solar energy heating module (1).Wherein, generator (2), airlift pump (3), rectifier (9), condenser (10), evaporimeter (12), absorber (15) are connected successively with liquid reservoir (13), and internal duct communicates, and form the loop of refrigerant circulation, cold-producing medium is filled in inside.The kind of cold-producing medium can be lithium bromide or ammoniacal liquor, is applicable to different occasions, adopts ammoniacal liquor when cryogenic refrigeration (as refrigerator), and the occasion higher at level of security adopts lithium bromide.Auxiliary heating module (16) and solar energy heating module (1) are closely wrapped in absorber outside, provide thermal source.When the sun is comparatively sufficient, the water temperature in boiler (8) is enough high, drives Absorption Refrigerator by solar energy heating module; When intensity of solar radiation continues not enough, when the water temperature in boiler is lower, auxiliary heating module (16) is started working, and provides heat drive Absorption Refrigerator.Auxiliary heating module can be electrical heating or gas-operated thermal bath facility.Being cool room (11) outside evaporimeter (12), can be air-conditioned room, also can be refrigerator cold-storage, refrigerating chamber.Namely Absorption Cooling System is driven by heating module, and heat is dissipated to the external world from the cool room at evaporimeter place by condenser (10).
Solar energy heat collecting module (17) is by solar thermal collector (5), and water pump (7) and boiler (8) composition, be connected by pipeline successively, form hot water circuit, utilize the water in solar energy heating boiler, and in boiler, arrange heat exchange coil (4).Be connected by conduction oil loop without between pump absorption refrigeration module (14) and solar energy heat collecting module (17), the one end in conduction oil loop is without the solar energy heating module (1) in pump absorption refrigeration module, and the other end is the heat exchange coil (4) in boiler (8).Conduction oil circulation is driven by Heat-transfer Oil Pump (20), the heat in boiler is reached solar energy heating module (1).
Fig. 2 is the assembling schematic diagram of multiple modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine.Because the single refrigeration work consumption without pump absorption refrigeration module (14) is between 60W to 3kW, often need to carry out conbined usage by multiple without pump absorption refrigeration module, to meet the requirement of refrigerating capacity in Practical Project.The manufacturing of general boiler is relatively easy, and the manufacturing cost of Absorption Refrigerator is higher, therefore can modularized production compared with the refrigeration machine of low capacity, and carry out assembling use according to the actual requirements.The heat exchange coil of the conduction oil circulation of multiple module is placed in boiler and carries out heat-obtaining, carries out joint refrigeration.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of modularization without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine of band fan.On the basis of general module without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, increase thermantidote (19) and radiator fan (18) respectively in the position of evaporimeter (12) and condenser (10).The thermantidote of vaporizer side is specially adapted to the larger region of the refrigeration spaces such as air-conditioning, and the radiator fan of condenser side then can strengthen heat radiation, is comparatively applicable to the environment that refrigerating capacity is larger.
It is worth mentioning that, provided by the present invention without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, structure is simple, and small volume, efficiency is higher.Therefore, be especially applicable to meeting the small-sized refrigerating demands such as family.

Claims (9)

1. modularization is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: form by without pump absorption refrigeration module (14), solar energy heat collecting module (17) and conduction oil loop; Described without pump absorption refrigeration modular refrigeration power between 60W to 3kW, containing generator (2), airlift pump (3), condenser (10), evaporimeter (12), liquid reservoir (13), rectifier (9), absorber (15), auxiliary heating module (16) and solar energy heating module (1), described generator (2), airlift pump (3), rectifier (9), condenser (10), evaporimeter (12), absorber (15) are connected successively with liquid reservoir (13), internal duct communicates, and forms the loop of refrigerant circulation; Auxiliary heating module (16) and solar energy heating module (1) are closely wrapped in absorber outside, provide thermal source; Cool room (11) is outside evaporimeter (12); Described solar energy heat collecting module (17), containing solar thermal collector (5), water pump (7) and boiler (8), is connected successively by pipeline, forms hot water circuit, arranges heat exchange coil (4) in boiler; Be connected by conduction oil loop without between pump absorption refrigeration module (14) and solar energy heat collecting module (17), the one end in conduction oil loop is without the solar energy heating module (1) in pump absorption refrigeration module, the other end is the heat exchange coil (4) in boiler (8), and conduction oil circulation is driven by Heat-transfer Oil Pump (20).
2. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: be multiplely connected with a solar energy heat collecting module (17) without pump absorption refrigeration module (14), coupling refrigerating capacity.
3. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described cool room (11) is refrigerator or air-conditioning.
4. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described condenser (10) arranges radiator fan (18).
5. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described evaporimeter (10) arranges thermantidote (19).
6. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described solar thermal collector (5) is linear Fresnel formula solar thermal collector, trough type solar heat-collector or heat pipe vacuum hot collector.
7. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described auxiliary heating module (16) is electrical heating or gas-operated thermal bath facility.
8. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described boiler (8) shell arranges insulation material.
9. modularization according to claim 1 is without pump solar absorption refrigerating machine, it is characterized in that: described absorbent is lithium-bromide solution or ammonia spirit.
CN201510531446.1A 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Modularized pump-free solar absorption type refrigerating machine Pending CN105135741A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105423471A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 河南省电力勘测设计院 Comprehensive utilization energy-saving system for natural resources of oil-fired thermal plant in tropical desert region
CN106507647A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-15 广东申菱环境系统股份有限公司 The cooling system that a kind of solar energy absorption type refrigeration is closed with liquid cold junction
CN109186123A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-11 张若梅 A kind of comprehensive utilization clean energy resource temperature adjustment, heating, refrigeration and hot-water heating system
CN109682115A (en) * 2017-10-18 2019-04-26 储碧峰 The diffusion absorbing hybrid refrigeration device of solar energy-semiconductor driving

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2606307Y (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-03-10 杨向民 Solar heating and refrigerating device
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CN102538289A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-07-04 上海理工大学 Domestic solar airlift pump absorption type air conditioning system
CN102997486A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-27 陕西东泰能源科技有限公司 Gas auxiliary heating energy storage type solar absorption refrigeration device
CN103822402A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-28 上海理工大学 System for refrigerating, heating and hot water supplying
CN104613569A (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-05-13 青岛宏宇环保空调设备有限公司 Environment-friendly solar energy absorption type refrigeration air conditioner system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2606307Y (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-03-10 杨向民 Solar heating and refrigerating device
CN1737453A (en) * 2004-08-17 2006-02-22 韩鸿兴 Solar refrigeration machine
CN1945166A (en) * 2006-10-30 2007-04-11 上海理工大学 Water cooling type single pressure absorption refrigerator
JP2011106749A (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-02 Daikin Industries Ltd Air conditioning system
CN101813397A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-08-25 浙江大学 Heat-driven moving part-free ultralow temperature refrigerator
CN102538289A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-07-04 上海理工大学 Domestic solar airlift pump absorption type air conditioning system
CN102997486A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-27 陕西东泰能源科技有限公司 Gas auxiliary heating energy storage type solar absorption refrigeration device
CN104613569A (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-05-13 青岛宏宇环保空调设备有限公司 Environment-friendly solar energy absorption type refrigeration air conditioner system
CN103822402A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-28 上海理工大学 System for refrigerating, heating and hot water supplying

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105423471A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 河南省电力勘测设计院 Comprehensive utilization energy-saving system for natural resources of oil-fired thermal plant in tropical desert region
CN106507647A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-15 广东申菱环境系统股份有限公司 The cooling system that a kind of solar energy absorption type refrigeration is closed with liquid cold junction
CN106507647B (en) * 2016-12-23 2023-07-18 广东申菱环境系统股份有限公司 Solar absorption refrigeration and liquid cooling combined heat radiation system
CN109682115A (en) * 2017-10-18 2019-04-26 储碧峰 The diffusion absorbing hybrid refrigeration device of solar energy-semiconductor driving
CN109186123A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-11 张若梅 A kind of comprehensive utilization clean energy resource temperature adjustment, heating, refrigeration and hot-water heating system

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