CN101576331A - Solar absorption type air conditioner - Google Patents

Solar absorption type air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101576331A
CN101576331A CNA2009100651285A CN200910065128A CN101576331A CN 101576331 A CN101576331 A CN 101576331A CN A2009100651285 A CNA2009100651285 A CN A2009100651285A CN 200910065128 A CN200910065128 A CN 200910065128A CN 101576331 A CN101576331 A CN 101576331A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
absorber
condenser
water
tube
evaporimeter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2009100651285A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴得治
张法旺
武伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHENGZHOU JINTUDI ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHENGZHOU JINTUDI ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHENGZHOU JINTUDI ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical ZHENGZHOU JINTUDI ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2009100651285A priority Critical patent/CN101576331A/en
Publication of CN101576331A publication Critical patent/CN101576331A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar absorption type air conditioner, comprising an evacuated tube solar collector, a water storage tank, an auxiliary thermal source, an A absorber, a B absorber, an A evaporator, a B evaporator, an A condenser, a B condenser, a cooling medium water tank, a cooling tower, a water pump, a hot water pump, a floor heater, an air conditioning fan, a coiled tube, a cold water pump and an electromagnetic valve bank controlled by a microcomputer. The invention adopts macropore silica gel-water doped with calcium chloride as refrigeration absorption working substance so as to increase absorption quantity and speed, thus considerably improving the heat efficiency. The device also has the functions of refrigerating in summer, heating in winter and supplying hot water during other seasons, thus notably enhancing the utilization rate and economical property of solar energy. The auxiliary thermal source is connected with the evacuated tube solar collector in parallel through a pipeline, and therefore the device can operate round the clock with practicability considerably improved.

Description

Solar absorption type air conditioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to adopt solar airconditioning, especially relate to solar absorption type air conditioner.
Background technology
Solar airconditioning system has that seasonal adaptation is strong, environmental protection and energy saving, less, the low noise advantages of moving component, and its refrigerating capacity increases along with the increase of solar radiation energy.At present to exist efficient low for commercially available solar airconditioning system, especially present stage the adsorbed solar air-conditioner efficiency lower only be about 20%, and only can move daytime, can not work on because of no sunlight night.
Summary of the invention
The solar absorption type air conditioner that provides a kind of efficient high is provided the object of the invention.
For achieving the above object, the present invention can take following technical proposals:
Solar absorption type air conditioner of the present invention comprises solar energy vacuum tube heat collector, storage tank, auxiliary thermal source, A absorber, B absorber, A evaporimeter, B evaporimeter, A condenser, B condenser, refrigerant water tank, cooling tower, water pump, heat-exchanger pump, floor heater, air-conditioning fan and coil pipe, water supply pump and by micro-processor controlled magnetic valve group; Described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector outlet links to each other with the storage tank import; The storage tank outlet links to each other with the solar energy vacuum tube heat collector import by water pump; The storage tank outlet is connected with A absorber and the import of B absorber tube side by heat-exchanger pump and magnetic valve, and the tube side outlet of A absorber and B absorber is connected with storage tank by magnetic valve respectively; The cool circulation water outlet of described cooling tower is connected with A condenser, the import of B condenser tube side, and A condenser, the outlet of B condenser tube side are connected with A absorber, B absorber tube side by magnetic valve respectively; A absorber and B absorber tube side are respectively by the magnetic valve formation circulating water channel that communicates with the heat recirculated water import of cooling tower; Described air-conditioning fan and coil pipe are connected with the tube side of A evaporimeter and B evaporimeter respectively by magnetic valve; A evaporimeter, the outlet of B evaporimeter tube side are connected with the import of refrigerant water tank by magnetic valve, water supply pump; The outlet of refrigerant water tank is connected with the air-conditioning fan coil pipe; The cold of refrigerant water tank chilled water enters the space of air conditioning by the fan air blast; Described storage tank hot water import and export links to each other with the floor heater import and export respectively; Described auxiliary thermal source and solar energy vacuum tube heat collector are in parallel by pipeline.
Described A absorber, A evaporimeter, A condenser are positioned at a cavity; Described B absorber, B evaporimeter, B condenser are positioned at another cavity.
Described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector by many parallel with one another or the series connection constitute.
It is right as the refrigeration absorption working pair that the present invention adopts calcium chloride to mix silochrom-water, to strengthen adsorbance and adsorption rate, improved the thermal efficiency greatly; This device also have refrigeration in summer, winter heating and other in season hot-water supply function, thereby improve solar energy utilization rate and economy significantly.Described auxiliary thermal source and solar energy vacuum tube heat collector are in parallel by pipeline, thus this device can all-weather operation, improved practicality greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in the figure, solar absorption type air conditioner of the present invention comprises many solar energy vacuum tube heat collectors parallel with one another 1, with the auxiliary thermal source 3 that described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector 1 is in parallel, storage tank 2, A absorber 4, B absorber 5, A evaporimeter 8, B evaporimeter 9, A condenser 6, B condenser 7, refrigerant water tank 10, cooling tower 11, water pump 12, heat-exchanger pump 13, floor heater 14, air-conditioning fan and coil pipe 15, water supply pump 16 and by micro-processor controlled magnetic valve group; Described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector 1 outlet is connected with storage tank 2 imports; Storage tank 2 outlets link to each other with solar energy vacuum tube heat collector 1 import by water pump 12; Storage tank 2 outlet pass through heat-exchanger pump 13 and magnetic valve F1, F2 are connected with A absorber 4 and the 5 tube side imports of B absorber, the tube side of A absorber 4 and B absorber 5 exports and is connected with storage tank 2 by magnetic valve F7, F8; The cool circulation water outlet of described cooling tower 11 is connected with A condenser 6, the 7 tube side imports of B condenser, and A condenser 6, the outlet of B condenser 7 tube sides are connected with A absorber 4, B absorber 5 tube sides by magnetic valve F9, F10 respectively; A absorber 4 and B absorber 5 tube sides are by magnetic valve F3, the F4 formation circulating water channel that communicates with the heat recirculated water import of cooling tower 11; Described air-conditioning fan and coil pipe 15 link with the tube side of A evaporimeter 8 and B evaporimeter 9 respectively by magnetic valve F12, F11; A evaporimeter 8, the outlet of B evaporimeter 9 tube sides are connected with 10 imports of refrigerant water tank by magnetic valve F13, F14, water supply pump 16; 10 outlets of refrigerant water tank are connected with air-conditioning fan coil pipe 15; The cold of refrigerant water tank 10 chilled waters enters the space of air conditioning by the fan air blast; Described storage tank 2 hot water import and exports link to each other with floor heater 14 import and exports respectively; A absorber 4, A evaporimeter 8, A condenser 6 are positioned at a cavity; B absorber 5, B evaporimeter 9, B condenser 7 are positioned at another cavity.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
To shine on many solar energy vacuum tube heat collectors 1 from the light of the sun; After being heated, water in the solar energy vacuum tube heat collector 1 enters storage tank 2; Two absorbers are connected with two condensers, two evaporimeters respectively; 80-90 ℃ of hot water in the summer storage tank 2 enters wherein one through heat-exchanger pump 13 pressurizations and mixes in calcium chloride-water finned tube shell-type heat exchange absorber right as the refrigeration absorption working pair with silica gel by micro-processor controlled magnetic valve, hot water heats compound refrigerating absorbent, the water of absorption is evaporated to water vapour and desorption in the refrigerating absorbent, and it is outer by the recirculated cooling water condensation in the pipe that water vapour enters condenser tube; Feed the recirculated cooling water that comes out from condenser in another absorber heat exchanger tube, the compound refrigerating absorbent adsorbed water steam that is cooled; Cooling tower 11 cooling circulating waters use for system.After said process carries out certain hour, realize that by controlling opening or closing of one group of magnetic valve two absorbers regularly alternately feed hot water and recirculated water and reach hocketing of absorption and desorption process, thereby realize the purpose of continuous cooling like this.Winter, storage tank 2 interior hot water can enter floor heater 14 heating; Hot water in other storage tank 2 can be used for that shower room is had a bath and hot-water supply uses in season.When night or solar energy can not satisfy air-conditioning and heating needs, start auxiliary thermal source 3 and carry out work.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of solar absorption type air conditioner comprises solar energy vacuum tube heat collector (1), storage tank (2), auxiliary thermal source (3), A absorber (4), B absorber (5), A evaporimeter (8), B evaporimeter (9), A condenser (6), B condenser (7), refrigerant water tank (10), cooling tower (11), water pump (12), heat-exchanger pump (13), floor heater (14), air-conditioning fan and coil pipe (15), water supply pump (16) and by micro-processor controlled magnetic valve group; It is characterized in that:
Described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector (1) outlet links to each other with storage tank (2) import; Storage tank (2) outlet links to each other with solar energy vacuum tube heat collector (1) import by water pump (12); Storage tank (2) outlet pass through heat-exchanger pump (13) and magnetic valve (F1, F2) is connected with A absorber (4) and B absorber (5) tube side import, the tube side of A absorber (4) and B absorber (5) exports and is connected with storage tank (2) by magnetic valve (F7, F8);
The cool circulation water outlet of described cooling tower (11) is connected with A condenser (6), B condenser (7) tube side import, and A condenser (6), the outlet of B condenser (7) tube side are connected with A absorber (4), B absorber (5) tube side by magnetic valve (F9, F10) respectively; A absorber (4) and B absorber (5) tube side are by magnetic valve (F3, F4) the formation circulating water channel that communicates with the heat recirculated water import of cooling tower (11);
Described air-conditioning fan and coil pipe (15) link with the tube side of A evaporimeter (8) and B evaporimeter (9) respectively by magnetic valve (F12, F11); A evaporimeter (8), the outlet of B evaporimeter (9) tube side are connected with refrigerant water tank (10) import by magnetic valve (F13, F14), water supply pump (16); Refrigerant water tank (10) outlet is connected with air-conditioning fan coil pipe (15); The cold of refrigerant water tank (10) chilled water enters the space of air conditioning by the fan air blast; Described storage tank (2) hot water import and export links to each other with floor heater (14) import and export respectively; Described auxiliary thermal source (3) is in parallel by pipeline with solar energy vacuum tube heat collector (1).
2, solar absorption type air conditioner according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described A absorber (4), A evaporimeter (8), A condenser (6) are positioned at a cavity; Described B absorber (5), B evaporimeter (9), B condenser (7) are positioned at another cavity.
3, solar absorption type air conditioner according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described solar energy vacuum tube heat collector (1) by many parallel with one another or the series connection constitute.
CNA2009100651285A 2009-06-05 2009-06-05 Solar absorption type air conditioner Pending CN101576331A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100651285A CN101576331A (en) 2009-06-05 2009-06-05 Solar absorption type air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100651285A CN101576331A (en) 2009-06-05 2009-06-05 Solar absorption type air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101576331A true CN101576331A (en) 2009-11-11

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102135343A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-07-27 程刚 Interactive absorption type refrigerating device applying solar energy and wind energy
CN102226558A (en) * 2011-05-31 2011-10-26 华南理工大学 Energy-saving air conditioner
WO2013075572A1 (en) * 2011-11-25 2013-05-30 阳光凯迪新能源集团有限公司 Seasonal energy-storage cooling and heating system
CN103411350A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-27 上海海事大学 Solar cooling plate based combined cooling and heating system
CN103673377A (en) * 2014-01-03 2014-03-26 青岛科技大学 Novel adsorption bed and solar refrigeration system applying same
CN104089431A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 上海交通大学 Solar-powered efficient moisture absorption-thermochemical reaction heat pump system
CN104132476A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-05 上海交通大学 Efficient moisture absorption-thermal chemical reaction single-stage thermode driven by low-grade heat energy
CN104803011A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-07-29 东南大学 Lunar vehicle temperature control system
CN106288493A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-04 上海交通大学 Phase transformation heating and the continuous absorbing refrigeration system of forced convertion cooling can be realized
CN106352597A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 上海交通大学 System for adsorption refrigeration and power generation through PVT heat collector

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102135343A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-07-27 程刚 Interactive absorption type refrigerating device applying solar energy and wind energy
CN102226558A (en) * 2011-05-31 2011-10-26 华南理工大学 Energy-saving air conditioner
CN102226558B (en) * 2011-05-31 2013-07-03 华南理工大学 Energy-saving air conditioner
WO2013075572A1 (en) * 2011-11-25 2013-05-30 阳光凯迪新能源集团有限公司 Seasonal energy-storage cooling and heating system
CN103411350A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-27 上海海事大学 Solar cooling plate based combined cooling and heating system
CN103673377A (en) * 2014-01-03 2014-03-26 青岛科技大学 Novel adsorption bed and solar refrigeration system applying same
CN104132476A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-05 上海交通大学 Efficient moisture absorption-thermal chemical reaction single-stage thermode driven by low-grade heat energy
CN104089431A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-08 上海交通大学 Solar-powered efficient moisture absorption-thermochemical reaction heat pump system
CN104089431B (en) * 2014-07-21 2016-05-25 上海交通大学 A kind of Driven by Solar Energy efficient absorbent-thermal chemical reaction heat pump
CN104803011A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-07-29 东南大学 Lunar vehicle temperature control system
CN104803011B (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-08-17 东南大学 Lunar rover temperature control system
CN106288493A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-04 上海交通大学 Phase transformation heating and the continuous absorbing refrigeration system of forced convertion cooling can be realized
CN106352597A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 上海交通大学 System for adsorption refrigeration and power generation through PVT heat collector

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Open date: 20091111

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