CN105096543B - A kind of vehicular rescue method and system based on drive recorder - Google Patents

A kind of vehicular rescue method and system based on drive recorder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105096543B
CN105096543B CN201510520530.3A CN201510520530A CN105096543B CN 105096543 B CN105096543 B CN 105096543B CN 201510520530 A CN201510520530 A CN 201510520530A CN 105096543 B CN105096543 B CN 105096543B
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rescue
module
accident
vehicle
information
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CN105096543A (en
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杨鑫
韩梅
赵海
贝磊
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CETC 2 Research Institute
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CETC 2 Research Institute
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/001Alarm cancelling procedures or alarm forwarding decisions, e.g. based on absence of alarm confirmation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/008Registering or indicating the working of vehicles communicating information to a remotely located station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/08Registering or indicating performance data other than driving, working, idle, or waiting time, with or without registering driving, working, idle or waiting time
    • G07C5/0816Indicating performance data, e.g. occurrence of a malfunction

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of vehicular rescue method and system based on drive recorder.When car accident detection module detection presumption Current vehicle has accident generation, rescue information integration module is triggered immediately rescue information is integrated, while estimating position of collision information;Rescue information integrates the location information that the position of collision and d GPS locating module of the presumption of module collection vehicle accident detection module are provided, and is integrated into the rescue information for needing to send in case being sent out.It is able to detect that specific position of collision and sends distress signals automatically, facilitates programmed emergency and deliverer to understand detailed accident conditions in time.

Description

A kind of vehicular rescue method and system based on drive recorder
Technical field
It is more particularly to a kind of to be rescued suitable for the vehicle based on drive recorder the present invention relates to vehicle electronic device field Help method and system.
Background technology
Increase the quick raising with motorization level along with the great-leap-forward of mileages of transport route, using automobile as main means of transport Road traffic be developed rapidly.But China's road fatalities occupy first place in the world always, cause big The generation of personnel casualty accidentses is measured, huge social danger and economic loss is brought, drastically influence the development of China.
Drive recorder is the equipment of influence in registration of vehicle traveling way and the relevant information such as sound, what it was recorded Information can provide legal argument for traffic accident.But, it is in an emergency in vehicle or during traffic accident, drive recorder Record can only be played to act on, and alarm free function.For this problem, the China if any Patent No. CN201220601167.X is real Use new patent《A kind of drive recorder based on ARM》Disclose a kind of drive recorder based on ARM, including ARM, GPS Communication module, memory, voice input module and GPS module.When an emergency happens, driver manually triggers alarm button Start warning function, realize that the data of voice and running information are reported, so that rescue work is implemented at ground monitoring center in time.But It is that, when occurring severe traffic accidents, can often cause driver injured or action is limited, often can not automatically send and ask in time Rescue signal.
And for example there is Patent No. CN201420312072.5 Chinese utility model patent《One kind supports emergency relief function Drive recorder》With Patent No. CN201410261324.0 patent of invention《A kind of driving for supporting emergency relief function Recorder》A kind of drive recorder for supporting emergency relief function, including sensor assembly, voice acquisition module are disclosed, is taken the photograph As acquisition module, memory module, GPS communication module, locating module and central processing unit, sensor can be passed through when accident occurs The measurement result of the accelerometer of module judges shock degree, judges that driver is in unsafe condition when hitting serious, it is impossible to When voluntarily dialing rescuing telephone, so that start GPS communication module immediately sends distress signals to the phone number specified automatically.But It is that this drive recorder is more obscured to the judgement for hitting degree, does not provide the detection method of specific impact severity, Specific position of collision can not be detected, it has not been convenient to which programmed emergency and deliverer understand detailed accident conditions in time.Separately Outside, unified official's emergency relief platform is not set up, and emergency letter is handled in time.
The content of the invention
Specific collision bit is able to detect that based on drive recorder the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of Put and send automatically the vehicular rescue method and system of distress signals.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:A kind of vehicular rescue method based on drive recorder, specific method is: Car accident detection module, d GPS locating module and rescue information sending module are set on drive recorder;The car accident Detection module collection vehicle current operating conditions, according to vehicle current operating conditions, have accident when detecting Current vehicle When, then cooperate with GPS location information, it would be desirable to which the signal rescued is sent by rescue information sending module;
The car accident detection module detects running state of the vehicle, and it is possible whether presumption has accident to occur, and is then to enter one The position that step presumption may be collided, position of collision information synergism GPS location information formation rescue information is sent out by rescue information Module is sent to send.
According to position of collision information, rescue personnel can be made to estimate possible crash severity, damaged vehicle position is made The rescue made is needed to prepare.
Preferably, methods described also includes, before rescue information is sent, send rescue information and send prompting, In setting time threshold range, determine whether that rescue information is sent and cancel instruction, be, then cancel sending, it is no, then reach and set Sent immediately after threshold value of fixing time.
If need not rescue, occupant, which then sends rescue information and sent, cancels instruction, cancels the transmission of rescue information;Together When, in setting time threshold range, cancel instruction if not receiving rescue information and sending, illustrate that the vehicle needs are promptly rescued Help.
Preferably, whether presumption has accident to occur possible method is:The acceleration of Current vehicle is monitored, works as acceleration Value has then been estimated as accident generation when exceeding given threshold may.
According to the traveling acceleration rate threshold under the various travel situations of vehicle, to set the accident estimated acceleration threshold value, side The possibility for helping judgement accident to occur.
Preferably, the method for the possible position of collision of presumption is:In face of right ahead to if to the right for trunnion axis x's Positive direction, is forward vertical axes y positive direction;According to vehicle shape, vehicle center position is set as the intersecting of x-axis and y-axis Origin, is divided into four quadrants;The acceleration magnitude x of the horizontal direction obtained according to current sensoriWith the vertical direction of acquisition Acceleration magnitude yiPositive and negative situation, derive resultant acceleration situation that now automobile is subject to, position of collision estimated:(1) x is worked asi More than 0, yiDuring more than 0, first quartile is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the third quadrant part for corresponding to vehicle is hit;(2) when xiMore than 0, yiDuring less than 0, fourth quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the second quadrants for corresponding to vehicle are hit;(3) Work as xiLess than 0, yiDuring more than 0, third quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the first quartile part for corresponding to vehicle is hit; (4) x is worked asiLess than 0, yiDuring less than 0, the second quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then corresponds to the fourth quadrant part quilt of vehicle Hit.
Preferably, methods described also includes:Occur menace level to current accident to estimate, accident is serious etc. Level, position of collision information and GPS location information formation rescue information are sent by rescue information sending module.
Preferably, the method estimated to current accident generation menace level is:Calculate present level direction and perpendicular Nogata to acceleration it is continuous n value absolute value average value, i.e.,
TakeWithIn larger value, ifThen compareWith the judgment threshold of impact severity thresholdxmin, thresholdxmidAnd thresholdxmaxBetween relation, current accident occurs tight on specific x-axis direction Weight grade estimates method:
WhenLess than or equal to thresholdxminWhen, collisionless accident occurs;
WhenMore than thresholdxminAnd less than or equal to thresholdxmidWhen, it there occurs slight impact accident;
WhenMore than thresholdxmidAnd less than or equal to thresholdxmaxWhen, it there occurs serious collision accident;
WhenMore than thresholdxmaxWhen, it there occurs great collision accident;
Wherein, xiFor the acceleration on x-axis direction, yiFor the acceleration on y-axis direction, n is more than or equal to 2, thresholdxminOccur threshold value, threshold for the slight impact accident on x-axis directionxmidFor seriously touching on x-axis direction Hit accident and occur threshold value, thresholdxmaxOccurs threshold value for the great collision accident on x-axis direction;
IfWithIn larger value beThen menace level presumption side occurs for current accident in the y-axis direction Method, similarly menace level presumption method occurs for current accident on above-mentioned x-axis direction.Specifically presumption method is:CompareWith touching Hit the judgment threshold threshold of degreeymin, thresholdymidAnd thresholdymaxBetween relation, specific y-axis direction Menace level presumption method occurs for upper current accident:
WhenLess than or equal to thresholdyminWhen, collisionless accident occurs;
WhenMore than thresholdyminAnd less than or equal to thresholdymidWhen, it there occurs slight impact accident;
WhenMore than thresholdymidAnd less than or equal to thresholdymaxWhen, it there occurs serious collision accident;
WhenMore than thresholdymaxWhen, it there occurs great collision accident;
Wherein, thresholdyminOccur threshold value, threshold for the slight impact accident on y-axis directionymidFor y-axis side Threshold value, threshold occur for upward serious collision accidentymaxOccurs threshold value for the great collision accident on y-axis direction.
Preferably, methods described also includes:Constant connection people is set, rescue information is sent to the constant connection of setting People.
Preferably, methods described also includes:Official's emergency relief platform is set, by fixation of the rescue information together with setting Contact person is unified to be sent to official's emergency relief platform.
A kind of vehicular rescue system based on drive recorder, it is characterised in that:Including
Presumption mould occurs for car accident detection module, including travel condition of vehicle sensor and accident coupled respectively Block and position of collision presumption module;The accident occurs presumption module and is connected with position of collision presumption module;The accident occurs Whether presumption module occurs accident according to the vehicle current operating conditions presumption Current vehicle monitored, and presumption occurs then further Position of collision is estimated according to the vehicle current operating conditions monitored;
D GPS locating module, is positioned to current vehicle position, and provides location information;
Rescue information sending module, is sent out rescue information;
Rescue information integrates module, respectively with car accident detection module, d GPS locating module and rescue information sending module It is connected, the rescue information content for needing to send is integrated, in case being sent out the rescue information after the integration.
When car accident detection module detection presumption Current vehicle has accident generation, rescue information is triggered immediately and integrates mould Block is integrated to rescue information, while estimating position of collision information;Rescue information integrates module collection vehicle accident detection mould The location information that the position of collision and d GPS locating module of block presumption are provided, is integrated into the rescue information for needing to send in case outwards Send.
Preferably, also including
Rescue information sends reminding module, and prompting will be sent out rescue information;
Rescue information sends cancel button, cancels instruction for providing rescue information and sending, to cancel the hair of rescue information Send.
Preferably, the travel condition of vehicle sensor is vehicle acceleration running status sensor.
Preferably, it is that menace level presumption module occurs for accident that presumption module, which occurs, for the accident.
Preferably, also including programmed emergency setting module and emergency relief platform;The programmed emergency receives hair The rescue information sent;The emergency relief platform receives the programmed emergency of the rescue information sent and setting.
Preferably, also including
Video module, the video data for gathering driving;
Audio-frequency module, including Audio Input Modules and dio Output Modules, carry out the transmitting-receiving of phonetic entry;
Memory module, for receive and send out audio-frequency information, driving video data and it is all it is ready be used for send out Rescue information.
Occupant can carry out voice communication by audio-frequency module and constant connection people and emergency relief platform, once rescue Help delivering to go, then audio-frequency module automatically turns on audio input function and audio output function, constant connection people and promptly rescue Voice communication can be carried out by audio-frequency module and occupant by helping platform.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It is able to detect that specific position of collision and sends automatically and asks Information is rescued, facilitates programmed emergency and deliverer to understand detailed accident conditions in time;Further, give specific Impact severity detection method, devise unified official's emergency relief platform, can to distress signals carry out it is more professional Timely processing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the rescue mode schematic flow sheet of a wherein embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is that the impact severity of a wherein embodiment of the invention judges schematic flow sheet.
Fig. 3 is that the automobile position of a wherein embodiment of the invention divides schematic diagram.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, it is right below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only to explain the present invention, not For limiting the present invention.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including summary and accompanying drawing), unless specifically stated otherwise, can be equivalent by other Or the alternative features with similar purpose are replaced.I.e., unless specifically stated otherwise, each feature is a series of equivalent or class Like an example in feature.
Specific embodiment one
A kind of vehicular rescue method and rescue system based on drive recorder, the system include
Presumption mould occurs for car accident detection module, including travel condition of vehicle sensor and accident coupled respectively Block and position of collision presumption module;The accident occurs presumption module and is connected with position of collision presumption module;The accident occurs Whether presumption module occurs accident according to the vehicle current operating conditions presumption Current vehicle monitored, and presumption occurs then further Position of collision is estimated according to the vehicle current operating conditions monitored;
D GPS locating module, is positioned to current vehicle position, and provides location information;
Rescue information sending module, is sent out rescue information;
Rescue information integrates module, respectively with car accident detection module, d GPS locating module and rescue information sending module It is connected, the rescue information content for needing to send is integrated, in case being sent out the rescue information after the integration.
As shown in figure 1, when car accident detection module detection presumption Current vehicle has accident generation, triggering rescue immediately Information integration module is integrated to rescue information, while estimating position of collision information;Rescue information integrates module collection vehicle The location information that the position of collision and d GPS locating module of accident detection module presumption are provided, is integrated into the rescue letter for needing to send Breath is in case be sent out.
According to vehicle current operating conditions, when detecting Current vehicle and having accident generation, then GPS location information is cooperateed with, The signal for needing to be rescued is sent by rescue information sending module;
The car accident detection module detects running state of the vehicle, and it is possible whether presumption has accident to occur, and is then to enter one The position that step presumption may be collided, position of collision information synergism GPS location information formation rescue information is sent out by rescue information Module is sent to send.
According to position of collision information, rescue personnel can be made to estimate possible crash severity, damaged vehicle position is made The rescue made is needed to prepare.
In this specific embodiment, whether presumption, which has accident to occur possible method, is:The acceleration of Current vehicle is monitored, Accident generation has then been estimated as when acceleration magnitude exceedes given threshold may.
According to the traveling acceleration rate threshold under the various travel situations of vehicle, to set the accident estimated acceleration threshold value, side The possibility for helping judgement accident to occur.
As shown in figure 3, the method for the possible position of collision of presumption is:In face of right ahead to if to the right for trunnion axis x's Positive direction, is forward vertical axes y positive direction;According to vehicle shape, vehicle center position is set as the intersecting of x-axis and y-axis Origin, is divided into four quadrants;The acceleration magnitude x of the horizontal direction obtained according to current sensoriWith the vertical direction of acquisition Acceleration magnitude yiPositive and negative situation, derive resultant acceleration situation that now automobile is subject to, position of collision estimated:(1) x is worked asi More than 0, yiDuring more than 0, first quartile is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the third quadrant part for corresponding to vehicle is hit;(2) when xiMore than 0, yiDuring less than 0, fourth quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the second quadrants for corresponding to vehicle are hit;(3) Work as xiLess than 0, yiDuring more than 0, third quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the first quartile part for corresponding to vehicle is hit; (4) x is worked asiLess than 0, yiDuring less than 0, the second quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then corresponds to the fourth quadrant part quilt of vehicle Hit.
Methods described also includes:Occur menace level to current accident to estimate, by accident menace level, position of collision Information and GPS location information formation rescue information are sent by rescue information sending module.
As shown in Fig. 2 the method estimated to current accident generation menace level is:Calculate present level direction and perpendicular Nogata to acceleration it is continuous n value absolute value average value, i.e.,
TakeWithIn larger value, ifThen compareWith the judgment threshold of impact severity thresholdxmin, thresholdxmidAnd thresholdxmaxBetween relation, current accident occurs tight on specific x-axis direction Weight grade estimates method:
WhenLess than or equal to thresholdxminWhen, collisionless accident occurs;
WhenMore than thresholdxminAnd less than or equal to thresholdxmidWhen, it there occurs slight impact accident;
WhenMore than thresholdxmidAnd less than or equal to thresholdxmaxWhen, it there occurs serious collision accident;
WhenMore than thresholdxmaxWhen, it there occurs great collision accident;
Wherein, xiFor the acceleration on x-axis direction, yiFor the acceleration on y-axis direction, n is more than or equal to 2, thresholdxminOccur threshold value, threshold for the slight impact accident on x-axis directionxmidFor seriously touching on x-axis direction Hit accident and occur threshold value, thresholdxmaxOccurs threshold value for the great collision accident on x-axis direction;
IfWithIn larger value beThen menace level presumption side occurs for current accident in the y-axis direction Method, similarly menace level presumption method occurs for current accident on above-mentioned x-axis direction.Specifically presumption method is:CompareWith touching Hit the judgment threshold threshold of degreeymin, thresholdymidAnd thresholdymaxBetween relation, specific y-axis direction Menace level presumption method occurs for upper current accident:
WhenLess than or equal to thresholdyminWhen, collisionless accident occurs;
WhenMore than thresholdyminAnd less than or equal to thresholdymidWhen, it there occurs slight impact accident;
WhenMore than thresholdymidAnd less than or equal to thresholdymaxWhen, it there occurs serious collision accident;
WhenMore than thresholdymaxWhen, it there occurs great collision accident;
Wherein, thresholdyminOccur threshold value, threshold for the slight impact accident on y-axis directionymidFor y-axis side Threshold value, threshold occur for upward serious collision accidentymaxOccurs threshold value for the great collision accident on y-axis direction.
Specific embodiment two
On the basis of specific embodiment one, in addition to:Rescue information sends reminding module, and prompting will be sent out rescuing Help information;Rescue information sends cancel button, cancels instruction for providing rescue information and sending, to cancel the hair of rescue information Send.Before rescue information is sent, send rescue information and send prompting, in setting time threshold range, judge whether There is rescue information to send and cancel instruction, be, then cancel sending, it is no, then sent immediately after reaching setting time threshold value.
If need not rescue, occupant, which then sends rescue information and sent, cancels instruction, cancels the transmission of rescue information;Together When, in setting time threshold range, cancel instruction if not receiving rescue information and sending, illustrate that the vehicle needs are promptly rescued Help.
Specific embodiment three
On the basis of specific embodiment one or two, one or two (preferably two or more) emergency contact is set People, rescue information is sent to the constant connection people of setting.
Specific embodiment four
On the basis of specific embodiment one or two, official's emergency relief platform is set, rescue information official is delivered into tight Anxious Succor plain stage.
Specific embodiment five
On the basis of specific embodiment one, two or three, official's emergency relief platform is set, by rescue information together with setting Constant connection people unified send to official's emergency relief platform.
Specific embodiment six
On the basis of specific embodiment one, two, three, four or five, in addition to:Video module, for gathering regarding for driving Frequency evidence;Audio-frequency module, including Audio Input Modules and dio Output Modules, carry out the transmitting-receiving of phonetic entry;Memory module, is used In audio-frequency information, the video data and all ready rescue informations for sending out of driving receiving and send out.
Occupant can carry out voice communication by audio-frequency module and constant connection people and emergency relief platform, once rescue Help delivering to go, then audio-frequency module automatically turns on audio input function and audio output function, constant connection people and promptly rescue Voice communication can be carried out by audio-frequency module and occupant by helping platform.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of vehicular rescue method based on drive recorder, specific method is:Car accident is set on drive recorder Detection module, d GPS locating module and rescue information sending module;The car accident detection module collection vehicle currently runs shape State, according to vehicle current operating conditions, when detecting Current vehicle and having accident generation, then cooperates with GPS location information, it would be desirable to The signal rescued is sent by rescue information sending module;
The car accident detection module detects running state of the vehicle, and it is possible whether presumption has accident to occur, and is then further to push away The fixed position that may be collided, mould is sent by position of collision information synergism GPS location information formation rescue information by rescue information Block is sent;
Whether presumption has accident to occur possible method:The acceleration of Current vehicle is monitored, when acceleration magnitude exceedes setting threshold Accident generation has then been estimated as during value may;
Presumption may the method for position of collision be:In face of right ahead to, if to the right be trunnion axis x positive direction, forward for Vertical axes y positive direction;According to vehicle shape, vehicle center position is set as to the intersecting origin of x-axis and y-axis, is divided into four Quadrant;The acceleration magnitude x of the horizontal direction obtained according to current sensoriWith the acceleration magnitude y of the vertical direction of acquisitioniJust Forsake one's love condition, derive the resultant acceleration situation that now automobile is subject to, position of collision is estimated:(1) x is worked asiMore than 0, yiMore than 0 When, first quartile is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the third quadrant part for corresponding to vehicle is hit;(2) x is worked asiMore than 0, yiIt is less than When 0, fourth quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the second quadrants for corresponding to vehicle are hit;(3) x is worked asiLess than 0, yiGreatly When 0, third quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the first quartile part for corresponding to vehicle is hit;(4) x is worked asiLess than 0, yi During less than 0, the second quadrant is pointed in the direction of resultant acceleration, then the fourth quadrant part for corresponding to vehicle is hit.
2. vehicular rescue method according to claim 1, methods described also includes, before rescue information is sent, Send rescue information and send prompting, in setting time threshold range, determine whether that rescue information is sent and cancel instruction, be, Then cancel and sending, it is no, then sent immediately after reaching setting time threshold value.
3. vehicular rescue method according to claim 1 or 2, methods described also includes:Current accident occurs serious etc. Level is estimated, and accident menace level, position of collision information and GPS location information formation rescue information are sent out by rescue information Module is sent to send.
4. vehicular rescue method according to claim 3, methods described also includes:Constant connection people is set, rescue is believed Breath is sent to the constant connection people of setting;Official's emergency relief platform is set, by constant connection people of the rescue information together with setting It is unified to send to official's emergency relief platform.
5. based on the vehicular rescue system of the vehicular rescue method based on drive recorder described in one of claim 1 to 4, it is special Levy and be:Including
Car accident detection module, including travel condition of vehicle sensor and respectively coupled accident occur presumption module and Position of collision estimates module;The accident occurs presumption module and is connected with position of collision presumption module;The accident is estimated Whether module occurs accident according to the vehicle current operating conditions presumption Current vehicle monitored, and further basis occurs then for presumption The vehicle current operating conditions presumption position of collision monitored;
D GPS locating module, is positioned to current vehicle position, and provides location information;
Rescue information sending module, is sent out rescue information;
Rescue information integrates module, respectively with car accident detection module, d GPS locating module and rescue information sending module phase Even, the rescue information content for needing to send is integrated, in case being sent out the rescue information after the integration.
6. vehicular rescue system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Also include
Rescue information sends reminding module, and prompting will be sent out rescue information;
Rescue information sends cancel button, cancels instruction for providing rescue information and sending, to cancel the transmission of rescue information.
7. vehicular rescue system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The travel condition of vehicle sensor is vehicle Acceleration operation state sensor;It is that menace level presumption module occurs for accident that presumption module, which occurs, for the accident;Also include tight Anxious contact person's setting module and emergency relief platform;The programmed emergency receives the rescue information sent;The emergency relief Platform receives the programmed emergency of the rescue information sent and setting.
CN201510520530.3A 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 A kind of vehicular rescue method and system based on drive recorder Active CN105096543B (en)

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