CN105066531A - Flow path converter, condensation assembly of outdoor unit and air conditioner - Google Patents

Flow path converter, condensation assembly of outdoor unit and air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105066531A
CN105066531A CN201510548108.9A CN201510548108A CN105066531A CN 105066531 A CN105066531 A CN 105066531A CN 201510548108 A CN201510548108 A CN 201510548108A CN 105066531 A CN105066531 A CN 105066531A
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China
Prior art keywords
refrigerant passage
communicated
condenser
tube connector
slide post
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CN201510548108.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105066531B (en
Inventor
陈城彬
张先雄
娄建锋
张舒伟
黄彩凤
李土春
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TCL Air Conditioner Zhongshan Co Ltd
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TCL Air Conditioner Zhongshan Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510548108.9A priority Critical patent/CN105066531B/en
Publication of CN105066531A publication Critical patent/CN105066531A/en
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Publication of CN105066531B publication Critical patent/CN105066531B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a flow path converter, a condensation assembly of an outdoor unit and an air conditioner. The condensation assembly of the outdoor unit comprises a condenser and the flow path converter communicated with the condenser. A first refrigerant channel and a second refrigerant channel are arranged in the condenser in a spaced mode. The flow path converter comprises a shell and a sliding column arranged in the shell. A condenser input header pipe, a condenser branch pipe, a first connecting pipe, a second connecting pipe and a third connecting pipe are arranged on the side wall of the shell, and the condenser input header pipe, the condenser branch pipe, the first connecting pipe, the second connecting pipe and the third connecting pipe are communicated with the internal space of the shell. A bypass groove is formed in the side wall of the sliding column. When the sliding column is located in a first position, the first refrigerant channel and the second refrigerant channel are separated from each other, so that two refrigerant flow paths are formed; when the sliding column is located in a second position, a one-way refrigerant flow path is formed by the first coolant channel and the second coolant channel. According to the flow path converter, the condensation assembly of the outdoor unit and the air conditioner, the heating efficiency and the refrigerating efficiency of the air conditioner can be improved, and power consumption of the air conditioner is lowered.

Description

The condensation of stream converter, off-premises station and air-conditioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to air-conditioning technical field, particularly the condensation of a kind of stream converter, off-premises station and air-conditioner.
Background technology
Conventional air-conditioner all has refrigeration and heat-production functions.When air-conditioner running refrigerating, because the cold-producing medium entered in condenser is high pressure gaseous, be the liquid state of HTHP after condensation, and cold-producing medium from top to bottom flow.In order to reduce the resistance of cold-producing medium, by the Action of Gravity Field of cold-producing medium, the general single-flow-path selecting upper entering and lower leaving; When air-conditioner operation heats, because cold-producing medium flows from lower to upper, and pressure is smaller, in order to reduce the resistance of refrigerant flow path, is traditionally arranged to be multiple points of dispensing line.
Air-conditioner system conventional in prior art, when air-conditioner freezes, the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP is discharged in condenser by four-way change-over valve by compressor, this condenser flow into evaporimeter by throttle part, high-pressure stop valve successively and the gas flashing to low-temp low-pressure to produce cold wind, the gas of this low-temp low-pressure flows back into compressor starts next one kind of refrigeration cycle by low-pressure shutoff valve and four-way change-over valve successively.And when air conditioner heat-production, other cold-producing mediums of HTHP are discharged to evaporimeter by four-way change-over valve by compressor, after evaporator condensation, become the liquid refrigerant of HTHP to produce hot blast, the liquid cold-producing medium of this HTHP heats circulation by flowing into condenser after high-pressure stop valve, throttle part and flow back to the compressor starts next one through four-way change-over valve after the process of condenser successively.But above-mentioned condenser is when meeting refrigeration and requiring, because point dispensing line is less, evaporating temperature reduces, and in condenser heating operations, easy frosting, affects heating efficiency.When condenser meet heat require time, namely arrange multiple points of dispensing line, can reduce condensation flow path length again, degree of supercooling reduces, and when reaching the refrigeration of expection, need to raise the refrigeration work consumption of air-conditioner, power consumption increases.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of condenser assembly of off-premises station, is intended to the efficiency of the cooling and warming improving air-conditioning, and reduces the power consumption of air-conditioner.
For achieving the above object, the condensation of the off-premises station that the present invention proposes, the stream converter comprising condenser and be communicated with condenser,
The first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage is arranged at intervals with in described condenser;
Described stream converter comprises housing and is placed in the slide post in described housing, the sidewall of described housing offers and inputs house steward with the condenser of the inner space of described housing, and away from the condenser arm that described condenser input house steward sets gradually, first tube connector, second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward is in order to be communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm is communicated with one end of described first refrigerant passage, described second tube connector is communicated with the other end of described first refrigerant passage, described first tube connector is communicated with one end of described second refrigerant passage, described 3rd tube connector is communicated with described second refrigerant passage, the other end of described second refrigerant passage is communicated with described condenser delivery trunk,
Described slide post sidewall offers bypass groove, described slide post adjustable ground is installed in described housing, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward and the second place away from described condenser input house steward, when described slide post is in primary importance, described bypass groove is communicated with described 3rd tube connector with described second tube connector respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage; When described slide post is in the second place, described bypass groove is communicated with the second tube connector with the first tube connector respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage.
Preferably, be provided with in order to by spacing for the described slide post limiting stand to primary importance in described housing, described shell intracorporeal space is divided into accommodating cavity and sliding cavity by described limiting stand, and described slide post is positioned at described sliding cavity.
Preferably, the condensation of described off-premises station also comprises the actuator be connected with described housing, in order to regulate the position of described slide post in described housing.
Preferably, described slide post is axially extended with pull bar near one end of described housing, and the position of the corresponding described pull bar of described housing is extended with coil mounting rod, establishes pull bar storage tank with accommodating described pull bar in described coil mounting rod;
Described actuator is induction coil, and described induction coil winding is on described coil mounting rod, and when described induction coil energising, the electromagnetic force that described induction coil produces drives described slide post to move to the second place.
Preferably, described condensation also comprises elastic component, described pull bar storage tank inwall is provided with elastic component limiting stand, one end of described elastic component to be socketed on described pull bar and to abut the end of described slide post, the other end abuts described elastic component limiting stand, when described induction coil energising, under the effect of the electromagnetic force of induction coil generation, described slide post is driven to move to primary importance and compression elastic piece; When induction coil power-off, elastic component recovers deformation, makes described slide post move to primary importance in described housing.
Preferably, the outer surface of described slide post is provided with axially spaced-apart distribution along described slide post and the first sealing ring be sealed and matched with described inner walls and the second sealing ring, described bypass slot is between described first sealing ring and described second sealing ring, described slide post radial direction offers through hole, in order to when described slide post moves, be communicated with the space at described slide post two ends.
Preferably, described slide post is axially convexly equipped with guide rail on the sidewall of described shell end, and the position of the corresponding described guide rail of described inner walls offers guide-track groove.
Preferably, described condenser comprise fin and in the multiple head and the tail be located in described fin be connected to form the first U-tube of described first refrigerant passage and multiple head and the tail connect the second U-tube forming described second refrigerant passage;
Described condensation also comprises and is communicated with described first refrigerant passage and described inflow arm, be communicated with the second arm of described first refrigerant passage and described second tube connector, be communicated with the first arm of described second refrigerant passage and described first tube connector and be communicated with the 3rd arm of described second refrigerant passage and described 3rd tube connector, and described second refrigerant passage is communicated with described 3rd arm by three-way connection.
Present invention also offers a kind of stream converter, comprise housing and be placed in the slide post in housing, the sidewall of described housing is provided with and inputs house steward with the condenser of the inner space of described housing, condenser arm, first tube connector, second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward is in order to be communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm is in order to be communicated with one end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described second tube connector is in order to be communicated with the other end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described first tube connector is in order to be communicated with one end of the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described 3rd tube connector is in order to be communicated with the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage interval are arranged,
Described slide post sidewall offers bypass groove, described slide post adjustable ground is installed in described housing, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward and the second place away from described condenser input house steward, when slide post moves to primary importance, described bypass groove is communicated with the 3rd tube connector with the second tube connector respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser; When slide post moves to the second place, described bypass groove is communicated with the second tube connector with the first tube connector respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser.
The present invention also proposes a kind of air-conditioner, comprise indoor set and off-premises station, the first heat-exchanging component is provided with in described indoor set, described off-premises station comprises compressor, the four-way change-over valve be communicated with described compressor, the second heat-exchanging component be communicated with described four-way change-over valve and the orifice union be communicated with described second heat-exchanging component, the two ends of described first heat-exchanging component are communicated with described four-way change-over valve and described second heat-exchanging component respectively, described second heat-exchanging component is the condensation of off-premises station, the stream converter that the condensation of described off-premises station comprises condenser and is communicated with condenser,
The first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage is arranged at intervals with in described condenser;
Described stream converter comprises housing and is placed in the slide post in described housing, the sidewall of described housing offers and inputs house steward with the condenser of the inner space of described housing, and away from the condenser arm that described condenser input house steward sets gradually, first tube connector, second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward is in order to be communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm is communicated with one end of described first refrigerant passage, described second tube connector is communicated with the other end of described first refrigerant passage, described first tube connector is communicated with one end of described second refrigerant passage, described 3rd tube connector is communicated with described second refrigerant passage, the other end of described second refrigerant passage is communicated with described condenser delivery trunk,
Described slide post sidewall offers bypass groove, described slide post adjustable ground is installed in described housing, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward and the second place away from described condenser input house steward, when air conditioner heat-production, described slide post is in primary importance, described bypass groove is communicated with described 3rd tube connector with described second tube connector respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage; When air-conditioner freezes, described slide post is in the second place, and described bypass groove is communicated with the second tube connector with the first tube connector respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage.
The condenser that the condensation of off-premises station of the present invention adopts stream converter to be communicated with stream converter, during air-conditioning heating, stream converter interval in condenser is arranged the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage separates formation cold-producing medium round trip stream; And during air conditioner refrigerating, stream converter interval in condenser is arranged the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage is communicated with formation cold-producing medium one way stream.Concrete, when slide post motion is positioned at primary importance, bypass groove on slide post is communicated with the second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector respectively, and then separate the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage forms cold-producing medium round trip stream, with the distance making air-conditioner shorten cold-producing medium in the process heated, the problem of easy frosting when preventing condenser from heating, and the resistance that can reduce cold-producing medium.When slide post is positioned at the second place, bypass groove on slide post is communicated with the first tube connector and the second tube connector respectively, and then be communicated with the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage and form cold-producing medium one way stream, with the distance making air-conditioner increase cold-producing medium in the process of refrigeration, add degree of supercooling, reduce the refrigeration work consumption of air-conditioner, thus the cooling and warming efficiency of air-conditioner can be improved, reduce the power consumption of air-conditioner.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the condensation of off-premises station in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the profile of the housing of stream converter in the condensation of Fig. 1 off-premises station;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the slide post of stream converter in the condensation of Fig. 1 off-premises station;
Fig. 4 be in the condensation of Fig. 1 off-premises station actuator power on after the fit structure schematic diagram of slide post and housing;
Fig. 5 is the fit structure schematic diagram of slide post and housing after actuator power-off in the condensation of Fig. 1 off-premises station;
Fig. 6 is the flow circuit diagram of air-conditioner when heating in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the flow circuit diagram of air-conditioner when freezing in one embodiment of the invention.
Drawing reference numeral illustrates:
Label Title Label Title
10 Indoor set 20 Off-premises station
11 First heat-exchanging component 21 Stream converter
22 Condenser 23 Compressor
24 Orifice union 25 High-pressure stop valve
26 Low-pressure shutoff valve 27 Four-way change-over valve
31 Flow into arm 32 First arm
33 Second arm 34 3rd arm
211 Housing 212 Slide post
213 Actuator 214 Elastic component
220 Fin 221 First refrigerant passage
222 Second refrigerant passage 223 The long U-tube of condenser
224 U shaped connector 225 Three-way connection
226 Condenser delivery trunk 2110 Condenser input house steward
2111 Condenser arm 2112 First tube connector
2113 Second tube connector 2114 3rd tube connector
2120 Coil mounting rod 2121 Pull bar storage tank
2122 Elastic component limiting stand 2131 Limiting stand
2132 Sliding cavity 2133 Guide rail
2134 Accommodating cavity 2141 First sealing ring
2142 Second sealing ring 2143 3rd sealing ring
2151 Guide-track groove 2152 Through hole
2153 Bypass groove 2161 Pull bar
The realization of the object of the invention, functional characteristics and advantage will in conjunction with the embodiments, are described further with reference to accompanying drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described further with regard to technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
The present invention proposes a kind of condensation of off-premises station.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the condensation of off-premises station as shown in Figures 1 to 5, the stream converter 21 comprising condenser 22 and be communicated with condenser 22.
The first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222 is arranged at intervals with in described condenser 22.
Described stream converter 21 comprises housing 211, be placed in the slide post 212 in housing 211, the sidewall of described housing 211 offers and inputs house steward 2110 with the condenser of the inner space of housing 211, and away from the condenser arm 2111 that described condenser input house steward 2110 sets gradually, first tube connector 2112, second tube connector 2113 and the 3rd tube connector 2114, described condenser input house steward 2110 is communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm 2111 is communicated with one end of the first refrigerant passage 221, described second tube connector 2113 is communicated with the other end of the first refrigerant passage 221, the other end of described first tube connector 2112 is communicated with one end of the second refrigerant passage 222, described 3rd tube connector 2114 is communicated with the second refrigerant passage 222, the other end of described second refrigerant passage 222 is communicated with described condenser delivery trunk 226.
Described slide post 212 sidewall offers bypass groove 2153, described slide post 212 adjustable ground is installed in described housing 211, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward 2110 and the second place away from described condenser input house steward 2110, when described slide post 212 is in primary importance, described bypass groove 2153 is communicated with the 3rd tube connector 2114 with the second tube connector 2113 respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222; When described slide post 212 is in the second place, described bypass groove 2153 is communicated with the second tube connector 2113 with the first tube connector 2112 respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222.
The first tube connector 2112, second tube connector 2113 in above-described embodiment and the 3rd tube connector 2114 all can be placed in bypass groove 2153 along with the motion of slide post 212 at the opening of housing 211 outer wall.
The condenser 22 that the condensation of off-premises station of the present invention adopts stream converter 21 to be communicated with stream converter 21, during air-conditioning heating, stream converter 21 interval in condenser 22 is arranged the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222 separates formation cold-producing medium round trip stream; And during air conditioner refrigerating, stream converter 21 interval in condenser 22 is arranged the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222 is communicated with formation cold-producing medium one way stream.Concrete, when slide post 212 motion is positioned at primary importance, bypass groove 2153 on slide post 212 is communicated with the second tube connector 2113 and the 3rd tube connector 2114 respectively, and then separate the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222 forms cold-producing medium round trip stream, with the distance making air-conditioner shorten cold-producing medium in the process heated, the problem of easy frosting when preventing condenser 22 from heating, and the resistance of cold-producing medium can be reduced.When slide post 212 motion is positioned at the second place, bypass groove 2153 on slide post 212 is communicated with the first tube connector 2112 and the second tube connector 2113 respectively, and then be communicated with the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222 and form cold-producing medium one way stream, with the distance making air-conditioner increase cold-producing medium in the process of refrigeration, and then add degree of supercooling, reduce the refrigeration work consumption of air-conditioner, thus the cooling and warming efficiency of air-conditioner can be improved, reduce the power consumption of air-conditioner.
With reference to Fig. 2, in one more preferably embodiment, be provided with in order to by spacing for slide post 212 limiting stand 2131 to primary importance in described housing 211, space in described housing 211 is divided into accommodating cavity 2134 and sliding cavity 2132 by described limiting stand 2131, and described slide post 212 is positioned at sliding cavity 2132.Concrete, this limiting stand 2131 is arranged along the circumference of housing 211 inwall, in order to when slide post 212 moves to primary importance, support slide post 212, prevent slide post 212 from continuing motion, to make the position stability of slide post 212, and then make the position stability of bypass groove 2153 on slide post 212 and the first tube connector 2112 and the second tube connector 2113.
With reference to Fig. 1, in one more preferably embodiment, the condensation of described off-premises station also comprises the actuator 213 be connected with described housing 211, in order to regulate the position of described slide post 212 in described housing 211.This actuator 213 can be manual adjustments part, as threaded structure.In addition, this actuator can also be electrical control member, and during actuator 213 power-off, elastic component can also be adopted to make slide post 212 move to the second place, this elastic component can be spring 214, and concrete structure describes further in follow-up embodiment.
In addition, as the scheme arranged side by side with the present embodiment, during actuator 213 power-off, slide post 212 is positioned at the second place, and when actuator 213 powers on, drives slide post 212 to move to primary importance.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, in one more preferably embodiment, described slide post 212 is axially extended with pull bar 2161 near one end of housing 211, the position of the corresponding pull bar 2161 of described housing 211 is extended with coil mounting rod 2120, establish pull bar storage tank 2121 with accommodating pull bar 2161 in described coil mounting rod 2120, described actuator 213 is induction coil, described induction coil winding is on coil mounting rod 2120, when induction coil is energized, the electromagnetic force that described induction coil produces drives slide post 212 to move to the second place.The material of this pull bar 2161 is metal or alloy material, is subject to the effect of electromagnetic force and whole slide post 212 is moved.The shape of this pull bar 2161 can be designed to column according to concrete requirement.Preferably, the shape of pull bar 2161 is cylindrical.The coil being set around coil mounting rod 2120 produces unidirectional electromagnetic force, to drive pull bar 2161 to move, and then drives whole slide post 212 to move.
With reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, in one more preferably embodiment, described condensation also comprises elastic component 214, described pull bar storage tank 2121 inwall is provided with elastic component limiting stand 2122, one end of described elastic component 214 to be socketed on pull bar 2161 and to abut the end of slide post 212, the other end abuts elastic component limiting stand 2122, when induction coil is energized, under the effect of the electromagnetic force of induction coil generation, drives pull bar 2161 to move to the second place and compression elastic piece 214; And when induction coil no power, recover in elastic component 214 elasticity, make described slide post 212 move to primary importance.The reciprocating motion acting as slide post 212 of this elastic component 214 provides restoring force, and the direction of this restoring force is contrary with the direction of the driving force that actuator 213 produces.Certainly, the elastic component in the present embodiment is spring, except spring, also can replace with other elastic component, as the combining structure etc. of shell fragment or multiple shell fragment.
With reference to Fig. 3, in one more preferably embodiment, the axially spaced-apart that the outer surface of described slide post 212 is provided with along described slide post distributes and the first sealing ring 2141, second sealing ring 2142 coordinated with housing 211 inner wall sealing and the 3rd sealing ring 2143, described bypass groove 2153 is between the first sealing ring 2141 and the second sealing ring 2142, described slide post 212 radial direction offers through hole 2152, in order to be communicated with the space at slide post 212 two ends when slide post 212 moves.First sealing ring 2141, second sealing ring 2142 and the 3rd sealing ring 2143 respectively with housing 211 inwall interference fit, separate bypass groove 2153 and space in housing 211, there is preferably sealing effectiveness.In addition, the first sealing ring 2141, second sealing ring 2142 and the 3rd sealing ring 2143 can also coordinate with housing 211 internal wall transitions respectively, to reduce when slide post 212 slides and the resistance of housing 211 inwall.In addition, the 3rd sealing ring 2143 can also make sliding force be uniformly distributed on slide post 212, can improve service life.Above-mentioned through hole 2152 does not communicate with bypass groove 2153, the effect of this through hole 2152 is the air pressure balancing slide post 212 two ends, the change in location of slide post 212 can be reduced and make slide post 212 by the effects of air pressure in space in housing 211, being conducive to reducing resistance when slide post 212 moves.
With reference to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, in one more preferably embodiment, described slide post 212 is axially convexly equipped with guide rail 2133 on the sidewall of housing 211 end, and the position of the corresponding guide rail 2133 of described housing 211 inwall offers guide-track groove 2151.When slide post 212 moves, guide rail 2133 moves along the direction of guide-track groove 2151, define the direction of motion of slide post 212, to make slide post 212 rotate, and then ensure that bypass groove 2153 can communicate with the entrance of the first tube connector 2112, second tube connector 2113 and the 3rd tube connector 2114.
With reference to Fig. 1, in one more preferably embodiment, described condenser 22 comprise fin 220 and in the multiple head and the tail be located in fin 220 be connected to form the second U-tube that the first U-tube of the first refrigerant passage 221 and multiple head and the tail are connected to form the second refrigerant passage 222.In concrete structure, this fin 220 is tabular, and an Edge Bend of fin 220 is kink, to reduce the length of fin 220, increases the length of the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second refrigerant passage 222.Described first U-tube and the second U-tube include the long U-tube 233 of multiple condenser, are connected between the long U-tube 233 of multiple condenser by u shaped connector 224.
With reference to Fig. 1, in one more preferably embodiment, described condensation also comprise connection first refrigerant passage 221 and condenser arm 2111 inflow arm 31, be communicated with the first refrigerant passage 221 and the second tube connector 2113 the second arm 33, be communicated with the first arm 32 of the second refrigerant passage 222 and the first tube connector 2112 and be communicated with the 3rd arm 34 of the second refrigerant passage 222 and the 3rd tube connector 2114, described second refrigerant passage 222 is communicated with the 3rd arm 34 by three-way connection 225.Above-mentioned inflow arm 31, first arm 32, second arm 33 and the 3rd arm 34 all for being communicated with stream converter 21 and condenser 22, to improve the flexibility of connection further.
With reference to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the present invention also proposes a kind of air-conditioner, comprise indoor set 10 and off-premises station 20, the first heat-exchanging component 11 is provided with in described indoor set 10, described off-premises station 20 comprises compressor 23, the four-way change-over valve 27 be communicated with compressor 23, the second heat-exchanging component be communicated with four-way change-over valve 27, the orifice union 24 be communicated with the second heat-exchanging component, the high-pressure stop valve 25 be communicated with orifice union 24 and the low-pressure shutoff valve 26 be communicated with four-way change-over valve 27, the two ends of described first heat-exchanging component 11 are communicated with low-pressure shutoff valve 26 and high-pressure stop valve 25 respectively, described second heat-exchanging component is the condensation of above-mentioned off-premises station,
When air conditioner heat-production, described slide post 212 is positioned at primary importance, second tube connector 2113 of described stream converter 21 is communicated with the 3rd tube connector 2114, and then makes the first refrigerant passage 221 of described condenser 22 and the second refrigerant passage 222 separate formation cold-producing medium round trip stream;
When air-conditioner freezes, described slide post 212 is positioned at the second place, first tube connector 2112 of described stream converter 21 is communicated with the second tube connector 2113, and then makes the first refrigerant passage 221 of described condenser 22 and the second refrigerant passage 222 be communicated with formation cold-producing medium one way stream.
The concrete structure of the condensation of this off-premises station is with reference to above-described embodiment, because this air-conditioner have employed whole technical schemes of above-mentioned all embodiments, therefore all beneficial effects that the technical scheme having above-described embodiment is equally brought, this is no longer going to repeat them.
The concrete operation principle of air-conditioner is: with reference to Fig. 6, when air-conditioner be operated in heat state time, stream converter 21 powers on, the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP is discharged by compressor 23, this cold-producing medium arrives the first heat-exchanging component 11 of indoor set 10 through four-way change-over valve 27 and low-pressure shutoff valve 26, and after the condensation of the first heat-exchanging component 11, be converted into the liquid refrigerant of HTHP, the liquid refrigerant of this HTHP arrives orifice union 24 after high-pressure stop valve 25, the second refrigerant passage 222 is flowed into after the throttling of orifice union 24, this second refrigerant passage 222 is connected with three-way connection 225, part of refrigerant by after this three-way connection 225 successively from the 3rd tube connector 2114 be communicated with, second tube connector 2113, first refrigerant passage 221, condenser arm 2111 imports condenser input house steward 2110, another part cold-producing medium is by importing condenser input house steward 2110 from the second refrigerant passage 222, first tube connector 2112 successively after this three-way connection 225, realize the round trip flow path designs of cold-producing medium during air-conditioning heating, the gaseous refrigerant of the low-temp low-pressure that the liquid refrigerant of this HTHP becomes enters compressor 23 eventually through four-way change-over valve 27 to start the next one and heats circulation.In this air conditioner heat-production process, the round trip stream of condenser, can effectively reduce the resistance of cold-producing medium, effectively prevents the frosting heated, and improves heating efficiency.
With reference to Fig. 7, when air-conditioner is operated in refrigerating state, stream converter 21 power-off, after the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP is discharged to condenser input house steward 2110 by four-way change-over valve 27 by compressor 23, cold-producing medium is successively by condenser arm 2111, first refrigerant passage 221, second tube connector 2113, first tube connector 2112 and the second refrigerant passage 222 are discharged to orifice union 24, after realizing the one way flow path designs of cold-producing medium, the liquid refrigerant that the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP becomes HTHP arrives by high-pressure stop valve 25 gaseous refrigerant that first heat-exchanging component 11 flashes to low-temp low-pressure after the throttling of orifice union 24, the gaseous refrigerant of this low-temp low-pressure is through low-pressure shutoff valve 26, enter compressor 23 after four-way change-over valve 27 and start next kind of refrigeration cycle.In this process of refrigerastion, the one way stream of condenser, can increase the distance of cold-producing medium, to increase the degree of supercooling of cold-producing medium, reduces the refrigeration work consumption of air-conditioner, thus can improve the efficiency of air-conditioner cooling and warming, reduces the power consumption of air-conditioner.
Consult Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, present invention also offers a kind of stream converter, this stream converter 21 comprises housing 211 and is placed in the slide post 212 in housing 211, the sidewall of described housing 211 is provided with and inputs house steward 2110 with the condenser of housing 211 inner space, and away from the condenser arm 2111 that condenser input house steward 2110 sets gradually, first tube connector 2112, second tube connector 2113 and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward 2110 is communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm 2111 is communicated with one end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described second tube connector 2113 is communicated with the other end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described first tube connector 2112 is communicated with one end of the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described 3rd tube connector 2114 is communicated with the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage interval are arranged,
Described slide post 212 sidewall offers bypass groove 2153, described slide post 212 adjustable ground is installed in described housing 211, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward 2110 and the second place away from described condenser input house steward 2110, when slide post 212 moves to primary importance, described bypass groove 2153 is communicated with the 3rd tube connector 2114 with the second tube connector 2113 respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser; When slide post 212 moves to the second place, described bypass groove 2153 is communicated with the second tube connector 2113 with the first tube connector 2112 respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser.
In the present embodiment, an actuator can also be set, move back and forth in housing to drive slide post.This actuator can induction coil, and concrete structure describes in the above-described embodiment, repeats no more herein.As the embodiment of a distortion, above-mentioned actuator can also be telescopic component, and the end of slide post can connect by telescopic component, and can realize the motion of slide post in housing with the stretching motion of this telescopic component.
Should be noted that; the technical scheme of each embodiment of the present invention can be combined with each other; but must be can be embodied as basis with those skilled in the art; when technical scheme combination occur conflicting maybe cannot realize time will be understood that the combination of this technical scheme does not exist, also not within the protection domain of application claims.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure transformation utilizing description of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a condensation for off-premises station, is characterized in that, the stream converter comprising condenser and be communicated with condenser,
The first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage is arranged at intervals with in described condenser;
Described stream converter comprises housing and is placed in the slide post in described housing, the sidewall of described housing offers and inputs house steward with the condenser of the inner space of described housing, and away from the condenser arm that described condenser input house steward sets gradually, first tube connector, second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward is in order to be communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm is communicated with one end of described first refrigerant passage, described second tube connector is communicated with the other end of described first refrigerant passage, described first tube connector is communicated with one end of described second refrigerant passage, described 3rd tube connector is communicated with described second refrigerant passage, the other end of described second refrigerant passage is communicated with described condenser delivery trunk,
Described slide post sidewall offers bypass groove, described slide post adjustable ground is installed in described housing, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward and the second place away from described condenser input house steward, when described slide post is in primary importance, described bypass groove is communicated with described 3rd tube connector with described second tube connector respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage; When described slide post is in the second place, described bypass groove is communicated with the second tube connector with the first tube connector respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage.
2. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with in order to by spacing for the described slide post limiting stand to primary importance in described housing, described shell intracorporeal space is divided into accommodating cavity and sliding cavity by described limiting stand, and described slide post is positioned at described sliding cavity.
3. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the condensation of described off-premises station also comprises the actuator be connected with described housing, in order to regulate the position of described slide post in described housing.
4. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described slide post is axially extended with pull bar near one end of described housing, and the position of the corresponding described pull bar of described housing is extended with coil mounting rod, establishes pull bar storage tank with accommodating described pull bar in described coil mounting rod;
Described actuator is induction coil, and described induction coil winding is on described coil mounting rod, and when described induction coil energising, the electromagnetic force that described induction coil produces drives described slide post to move to the second place.
5. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described condensation also comprises elastic component, described pull bar storage tank inwall is provided with elastic component limiting stand, one end of described elastic component to be socketed on described pull bar and to abut the end of described slide post, the other end abuts described elastic component limiting stand, when described induction coil energising, under the effect of the electromagnetic force of induction coil generation, drives described slide post to move to primary importance and compression elastic piece; When induction coil power-off, elastic component recovers deformation makes described slide post move to primary importance in described housing.
6. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the outer surface of described slide post is provided with axially spaced-apart distribution along described slide post and the first sealing ring be sealed and matched with described inner walls and the second sealing ring, described bypass slot is between described first sealing ring and described second sealing ring, described slide post radial direction offers through hole, in order to when described slide post moves, be communicated with the space at described slide post two ends.
7. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described slide post is axially convexly equipped with guide rail on the sidewall of described shell end, and the position of the corresponding described guide rail of described inner walls offers guide-track groove.
8. the condensation of off-premises station as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described condenser comprise fin and in the multiple head and the tail be located in described fin be connected to form the first U-tube of described first refrigerant passage and multiple head and the tail connect the second U-tube forming described second refrigerant passage;
Described condensation also comprises and is communicated with described first refrigerant passage and described inflow arm, be communicated with the second arm of described first refrigerant passage and described second tube connector, be communicated with the first arm of described second refrigerant passage and described first tube connector and be communicated with the 3rd arm of described second refrigerant passage and described 3rd tube connector, and described second refrigerant passage is communicated with described 3rd arm by three-way connection.
9. a stream converter, it is characterized in that, described stream converter comprises housing and is placed in the slide post in housing, the sidewall of described housing is provided with and inputs house steward with the condenser of the inner space of described housing, condenser arm, first tube connector, second tube connector and the 3rd tube connector, described condenser input house steward is in order to be communicated with indoor refrigerant passage, described condenser arm is in order to be communicated with one end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described second tube connector is in order to be communicated with the other end of the first refrigerant passage in condenser, described first tube connector is in order to be communicated with one end of the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described 3rd tube connector is in order to be communicated with the second refrigerant passage in condenser, described first refrigerant passage and described second refrigerant passage interval are arranged,
Described slide post sidewall offers bypass groove, described slide post adjustable ground is installed in described housing, and have near the primary importance of described condenser input house steward and the second place away from described condenser input house steward, when slide post moves to primary importance, described bypass groove is communicated with the 3rd tube connector with the second tube connector respectively, separates form cold-producing medium round trip stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser; When slide post moves to the second place, described bypass groove is communicated with the second tube connector with the first tube connector respectively, forms cold-producing medium one way stream to make the first refrigerant passage and the second refrigerant passage in condenser.
10. an air-conditioner, comprise indoor set and off-premises station, the first heat-exchanging component is provided with in described indoor set, the orifice union that described off-premises station comprises compressor, the four-way change-over valve be communicated with described compressor, the second heat-exchanging component be communicated with described four-way change-over valve and is communicated with described second heat-exchanging component, the two ends of described first heat-exchanging component are communicated with described four-way change-over valve and described second heat-exchanging component respectively, it is characterized in that, described second heat-exchanging component is the condensation of the off-premises station described in any one of claim 1 to 8
When air conditioner heat-production, described slide post is positioned at primary importance, and the second tube connector of described stream converter is communicated with the 3rd tube connector, and then makes the first refrigerant passage of described condenser and the second refrigerant passage separate formation cold-producing medium round trip stream;
When air-conditioner freezes, described slide post is positioned at the second place, and the first tube connector of described stream converter is communicated with the second tube connector, and then makes the first refrigerant passage of described condenser and the second refrigerant passage be communicated with formation cold-producing medium one way stream.
CN201510548108.9A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Stream converter, the condensation of outdoor unit and air conditioner Active CN105066531B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4165035A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-08-21 Eaton Corporation Thermally actuated valve for plural fluid sources
CN101099058A (en) * 2005-01-13 2008-01-02 三菱电机株式会社 Four-way valve
CN202083154U (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-12-21 海信科龙电器股份有限公司 Double-row pipeline heat exchanger
CN102667276A (en) * 2009-10-22 2012-09-12 大金工业株式会社 Flow path switching valve, and air conditioner provided therewith
CN203964456U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-26 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Heat exchanger and air-conditioner
JP2015075211A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-20 ダイキン工業株式会社 Flow passage selector valve and refrigerant circuit

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4165035A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-08-21 Eaton Corporation Thermally actuated valve for plural fluid sources
CN101099058A (en) * 2005-01-13 2008-01-02 三菱电机株式会社 Four-way valve
CN102667276A (en) * 2009-10-22 2012-09-12 大金工业株式会社 Flow path switching valve, and air conditioner provided therewith
CN202083154U (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-12-21 海信科龙电器股份有限公司 Double-row pipeline heat exchanger
JP2015075211A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-20 ダイキン工業株式会社 Flow passage selector valve and refrigerant circuit
CN203964456U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-26 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Heat exchanger and air-conditioner

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