CN105041136A - Glass window with double sandwich layers and phase-change materials - Google Patents

Glass window with double sandwich layers and phase-change materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105041136A
CN105041136A CN201510452758.3A CN201510452758A CN105041136A CN 105041136 A CN105041136 A CN 105041136A CN 201510452758 A CN201510452758 A CN 201510452758A CN 105041136 A CN105041136 A CN 105041136A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glass
window
phase
change
layer
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CN201510452758.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙高峰
嵇文秀
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东南大学
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Priority to CN201510452758.3A priority Critical patent/CN105041136A/en
Publication of CN105041136A publication Critical patent/CN105041136A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a glass window with double sandwich layers and phase-change materials. By the aid of the glass window, problems of high summer sun radiation heat and severe winter heat dissipation loss of existing glass windows in hot-summer and cold-winter zones mainly can be solved. The glass window with the double sandwich layers comprises an inner-layer window and an outer-layer window. A closed air sandwich layer (5) is formed between the inner-layer window and the outer-layer window; the inner-layer window is made of a layer of transparent glass (1), the outer-layer window comprises inner transparent glass (2), outer transparent glass (3) and the phase-change materials (4), the inner transparent glass (2), the outer transparent glass (3) and a metal plate (6) are adhered with one another to form a cavity, and the cavity is filled with the phase-change materials (4), so that sandwich glass with the phase-change materials can be formed. The glass window with the double sandwich layers has the advantages that requirements on summer sun protection and winter heat preservation of enclosure structures in hot-summer and cold-winter zones can be effectively met, excellent sound-insulation effects further can be realized, and accordingly the glass window is of an efficient energy-saving novel glass window structure with a noise reduction function.

Description

A kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material

Technical field

The present invention relates to the pair-glass window of a kind of heat insulation, insulation be applied in building field, sunshade, noise reduction, in particular to a kind of pair-glass window construction with phase-change material interlayer and air blanketing, belong to architectural exterior-protecting construction energy-saving field.

Background technology

Along with the increase year by year of energy consumption, world energy sources total amount constantly reduces, and energy problem manifests day by day, and a large amount of uses of the energy, to the destruction of environment, make people pay attention to all the more completing of target for energy-saving and emission-reduction.According to statistics, within 2012, building energy consumption accounts for 27.5% of social total energy consumption, and for hot-summer and cold-winter area, space enclosing structure energy consumption accounts for 60% ~ 80% of the total energy consumption of building, and window energy consumption accounts for 50% ~ 70% of space enclosing structure energy consumption.The improvement of window thermal property is significant to building energy conservation.In recent years, the application study of phase-change material in architectural exterior-protecting construction is more and more extensive, utilizes the phase transformation potential of phase-change material to store heat, thus improves the thermal capacitance of architectural exterior-protecting construction, improves indoor thermal environment, reduces air-conditioning and heating energy consumption.Phase-change material and external window of building are reasonably combined the solar gain amount to reducing glass window, improve indoor thermal environment quality, and reduction room conditioning and heating energy consumption have important function.

The energy consumption of external window of building occupies larger specific gravity in building energy consumption, reduce the energy consumption of external window of building, especially the solar gain amount reducing external window of building summer and winter glass window radiation loss, target for energy-saving and emission-reduction is realized to reduction building energy consumption significant.Utilize the energy storage effect of phase-change material, improve the thermal capacitance of architectural exterior-protecting construction, reduce the solar gain amount in external window of building summer, utilize the radiation loss that the heat-insulating property of air blanketing and out layer window reduces winter, utilize out layer window on the absorption of noise and stop and reduce the impact of outdoor noise, thus realize that glass window is heat insulation, insulation, sunshade, anti-acoustic capability General Promotion.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem: the object of this invention is to provide a kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material, this glass window utilizes phase-change material to absorb and stores the heat of solar radiation, and this part heat is temporarily stored with the form of potential, reduce the solar gain amount in glass window summer, reduce energy consumption of air conditioning in summer, can exterior window be opened during night, the heat that the daytime that fully leaves stores, phase transformation interlayer can also be utilized summer to play certain shaded effects; When winter solar radiation is strong, opening out layer window increases solar gain amount and lighting quantity, when solar radiation is more weak, closes out layer window and utilizes the heat-insulating property of air blanketing and out layer window to reduce the heat loss of glass window; Utilize the structure of double sandwich window and phase-change material layers to the absorption of noise and stop, the anti-acoustic capability of glass window can be improved.

Technical scheme: a kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material of the present invention comprises internal layer window and out layer window, forms an airtight air blanketing between internal layer window and out layer window; Internal layer window is layer of transparent glass, out layer window is made up of inner side clear glass, outside clear glass and phase-change material, inner side clear glass, outside clear glass and sheet metal bonding formation cavity, is filled with phase-change material at cavity inside, forms the laminated glass containing phase-change material.

Internal layer window for axle, adopts mode to indoor upset to carry out open and close operation with clear glass upper horizontal line; Out layer window is made up of containing the laminated glass of phase-change material two fans, out layer window respectively with vertical curve inner side clear glass, clear glass both sides, outside outside for axle, the mode of employing clamshell doors carries out open and close operation.

The phase-change material of filling in described out layer window is organic paraffin phase change material, mineral-type phase-change material or carry out modified phase-change material, the phase transition temperature of phase-change material is at about 30 DEG C, utilize phase-change material temporarily to store solar radiation heat, reduce the solar gain amount in summer of glass window.

The glass used in pair-glass window is conventional clear glass, Low-E glass or stained glass.

Beneficial effect: this double sandwich window can reduce glass window solar gain in summer amount, reduces energy consumption of air conditioning in summer.Utilize phase-change material to absorb and store solar radiation heat, reducing the solar radiation quantity through glass window, reducing room conditioning load, thus reducing energy consumption of air conditioning in summer.Utilize the characteristic of the adjustment temperature fluctuation of phase-change material, glass window internal face temperature can be reduced, reduce the degree of fluctuation of glass window internal face temperature, improve the thermal comfort of indoor environment, electrical network peak load can be reduced to a certain extent, play electric power " peak load shifting " effect.Meanwhile, phase-change material layers can be utilized summer to play certain shaded effects.

When winter solar radiation is strong, the solar gain amount of glass window is increased by opening out layer window, when solar radiation is more weak, the thermal resistance of the air blanketing between ectonexine window and out layer window is utilized to reduce the radiation loss of glass window by closing out layer window, make full use of solar energy and reduce the radiation loss of glass window by improving the heat-insulating property of glass window, thus reducing indoor heating energy consumption.

The requirement of sun-proof and Winter protection in space enclosing structure summer taken into account by this glass, makes the annual energy-saving effect of this glazing structure more obvious, and the energy saving of this pair-glass window is obviously better than the performance of the energy saving window of sun-proof or Winter protection in only consideration summer.

Utilize the phase-change material in double sandwich window, air and triplex glass to the absorption of noise and stop, the anti-acoustic capability of glass window can be significantly improved, quiet indoor environment can be built.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of closure state of the present invention,

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of out layer window open mode of the present invention,

Fig. 3 is inner surface schematic diagram of the present invention,

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of internal layer window open mode of the present invention,

Fig. 5 is sectional drawing of the present invention.

Have in figure: clear glass 1, inner side clear glass 2, outside clear glass 3, phase-change material 4, air blanketing 5, sheet metal 6.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:

Accompanying drawing 1 ~ 4 gives the structural representation of the pair-glass window of Novel belt phase-change material.The pair-glass window of this Novel belt phase-change material is made up of clear glass, phase-change material, window hinge and the sheet metal etc. that is bonded with encapsulant.

Produce the pair-glass window of this Novel belt phase-change material as follows.Inner side clear glass 2 and outside clear glass 3 are bondd by cementing agent with sheet metal, form the glass structure of a band cavity, phase transition temperature is filled at the phase-change material 4 of about 30 DEG C in glass cavity, carry out sealing after filling and make phase-changing glasses window, make two fan phase-changing glasses windows are fixed on window frame by the hinge of side vertical direction, outer phase-changing glasses window carries out open and close operation by the mode of splitting, inner layer glass window is that monoblock clear glass 1 is fixed on window frame by the hinge in its upper horizontal direction, internal layer window carries out open and close operation by the mode to indoor upset, internal layer window and out layer window and the sheet metal 6 being bonded with encapsulant can seal formation air blanketing 5.

In addition, can make the following changes in such scheme: use select the phase-change material compound of different phase transition temperature according to the character of phase-change material after or select modified phase-change material; Clear glass also can be changed to Low-E glass, stained glass etc.; The mode of the open and close of internal layer window and out layer window also can change accordingly, sliding sash form can be adopted to open or close as internal layer window, and out layer window also can adopt the form of the fixing outwards upset in upside to open or close; Sheet metal also can be changed to plastics or wood-based planet etc.

Summer day solar radiation strong and time, solar irradiation is on glass window, solar radiation intermediate infrared radiation part, near-infrared radiation part and some visible light are absorbed by phase-change material and store with the form of latent heat, this part heat is prevented directly to enter indoor, reduce the solar gain amount of glass window, thus reduce indoor air conditioner load, meanwhile, phase-change material layers serves shaded effects to a certain extent.Night can open out layer window, allows out layer window and outdoor air carry out sufficient heat convection, and the heat of phase-change material storage in out layer window is discharged, and utilizes outdoor air to take away the heat of phase-change material storage in out layer window.When daytime, solar radiation was more weak, can out layer window be opened, increase the light transmission of glass window.

When daytime in winter, solar radiation was strong, open out layer window, allow solar radiation as much as possible through glass window, increase the solar gain amount of glass window, thus reduce indoor heating energy consumption.When solar radiation is more weak, can out layer window be closed, form an airtight air blanketing, utilize air layer and out layer window to increase the thermal resistance of glass window to reduce the radiation loss of glass window, thus reduce indoor heating energy consumption.

This glass window mainly plays the effect of sunshading and heat-insulating in summer, and utilize phase-change material to absorb and temporarily storage solar radiation heat, reduce the solar gain amount of glass window, thus reduce room conditioning energy consumption, meanwhile, phase-change material layers plays certain shaded effects.This glass window mainly plays the effect of insulation in the winter time, solar gain can be made full use of when solar radiation is stronger, air blanketing and out layer window can be utilized again to increase the heat transfer resistance of window when solar radiation is more weak, thus reduce the radiation loss of glass window, reduce indoor heating energy consumption.This glass window can also utilize phase-change material, air and glass to the absorption of noise and stop the anti-acoustic capability improving glass window.This glass window has above-mentioned a series of excellent performance, is a kind of novel glass window construction of efficient, energy-conservation, noise reduction.Require the hot-summer and cold-winter area for " must meet anti-heat request in summer, take into account Winter protection " in thermal performance design, this glazing structure can take into account the requirement of solar heat protection in summer and Winter protection well, improves indoor thermal comfort.Therefore, this glass window has broad application prospects at hot-summer and cold-winter area.

Claims (4)

1. the pair-glass window with phase-change material, is characterized in that: this pair-glass window comprises internal layer window and out layer window, forms an airtight air blanketing (5) between internal layer window and out layer window; Internal layer window is layer of transparent glass (1), out layer window is made up of inner side clear glass (2), outside clear glass (3) and phase-change material (4), inner side clear glass (2), outside clear glass (3) and sheet metal (6) bonding formation cavity, be filled with phase-change material (4) at cavity inside, form the laminated glass containing phase-change material.
2. a kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: internal layer window for axle, adopts mode to indoor upset to carry out open and close operation with clear glass (1) upper horizontal line; Out layer window is made up of containing the laminated glass of phase-change material two fans, out layer window respectively with vertical curve inner side clear glass (2), outside clear glass (3) both sides outside for axle, the mode of employing clamshell doors carries out open and close operation.
3. a kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the phase-change material of filling in described out layer window is organic paraffin phase change material, mineral-type phase-change material or carry out modified phase-change material, the phase transition temperature of phase-change material is at about 30 DEG C, utilize phase-change material temporarily to store solar radiation heat, reduce the solar gain amount in summer of glass window.
4. a kind of pair-glass window with phase-change material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the glass used in pair-glass window is conventional clear glass, Low-E glass or stained glass.
CN201510452758.3A 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Glass window with double sandwich layers and phase-change materials CN105041136A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106050058A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-26 东北石油大学 Double-sandwich-glass energy-saving window with semitransparent phase-change materials and louver
CN107965241A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-04-27 山西大同大学 A kind of outdoor historical relic passive type heat accumulation door and window based on phase-change material
CN108035665A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-15 北京航天新材科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving window
CN110130791A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 广东工业大学 A kind of high reflecting glass window
CN110145019A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-20 中节能(嘉兴)环保科技园发展有限公司 A kind of garden energy saving building convenient for adjusting with cleaning function
CN110773687A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-11 江阴市恒润重工股份有限公司 Forming method of low-temperature-resistant forging for petrochemical industry
CN110145019B (en) * 2019-05-29 2021-01-26 中节能(嘉兴)环保科技园发展有限公司 Park energy-saving building with clean function and convenient to adjust

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CN202451002U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-09-26 北京东方泰洋装饰工程有限公司 Double-window for buildings
CN203201442U (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-09-18 朱杨 Intelligent sun-shading hollow glass
EP2679555A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-01 Samsung Corning Precision Materials Co., Ltd. Thermochromic window doped with dopant and method of manufacturing the same
CN203769572U (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-08-13 朱沈宁 Temperature control sunshading energy-saving glass

Patent Citations (4)

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CN202451002U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-09-26 北京东方泰洋装饰工程有限公司 Double-window for buildings
EP2679555A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-01 Samsung Corning Precision Materials Co., Ltd. Thermochromic window doped with dopant and method of manufacturing the same
CN203201442U (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-09-18 朱杨 Intelligent sun-shading hollow glass
CN203769572U (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-08-13 朱沈宁 Temperature control sunshading energy-saving glass

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106050058A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-26 东北石油大学 Double-sandwich-glass energy-saving window with semitransparent phase-change materials and louver
CN107965241A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-04-27 山西大同大学 A kind of outdoor historical relic passive type heat accumulation door and window based on phase-change material
CN107965241B (en) * 2017-12-25 2020-01-14 山西大同大学 Open cultural relic passive heat storage door and window based on phase-change material
CN108035665A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-15 北京航天新材科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving window
CN110130791A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 广东工业大学 A kind of high reflecting glass window
CN110145019A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-20 中节能(嘉兴)环保科技园发展有限公司 A kind of garden energy saving building convenient for adjusting with cleaning function
CN110145019B (en) * 2019-05-29 2021-01-26 中节能(嘉兴)环保科技园发展有限公司 Park energy-saving building with clean function and convenient to adjust
CN110773687A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-11 江阴市恒润重工股份有限公司 Forming method of low-temperature-resistant forging for petrochemical industry

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Inventor after: Li Shuhong

Inventor after: Sun Gaofeng

Inventor after: Ji Wenxiu

Inventor before: Sun Gaofeng

Inventor before: Ji Wenxiu

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151111