CN105010210A - Device for automatically and precisely feeding bait into multiple fishponds in fish culture plant - Google Patents

Device for automatically and precisely feeding bait into multiple fishponds in fish culture plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105010210A
CN105010210A CN201510507567.2A CN201510507567A CN105010210A CN 105010210 A CN105010210 A CN 105010210A CN 201510507567 A CN201510507567 A CN 201510507567A CN 105010210 A CN105010210 A CN 105010210A
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China
Prior art keywords
air inlet
material casting
inlet pipe
bait
factory
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CN201510507567.2A
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CN105010210B (en
Inventor
杨有泉
陈敏
刘晖
邓素芳
林营志
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Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for automatically and precisely feeding bait into multiple fishponds in a fish culture plant. The device comprises a storage tower, wherein the storage tower is connected to quantification containers above each fishpond feeding point through feeding devices, and each quantification container is connected to a pneumatic throwing device located between the quantification container and the corresponding fishpond feeding point through a material falling pipe. By the adoption of the pneumatic throwing devices, bait in a throwing box is in a floated state, the situation that bait is out of contact and unavailable to people is avoided, the bottleneck technique of precise bait feeding is realized, precise quantification is achieved, and performance is reliable.

Description

Factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish is thrown something and fed device
Technical field
The present invention relates to one factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish to throw something and feed device.
Background technology
Industrial fish farming is current mode of breeding fish the most advanced, have occupation of land less, per unit area yield is high, little by natural environment, can the plurality of advantages such as annual continuous seepage, high financial profit, operational administrative automation, be a kind of eco-friendly green cultivation mode.It is by the combination of biological method, physical method and chemical method, water treatment procedure system is considered, aquaculture process is made to reach perfect condition, formed not by the circulating high-density breeding mode of effect of natural conditions, be conducive to the developing state forming the mechanization of aquatic products seedling breeding, intellectuality, informationization, automation, there is market application foreground widely.Fish bait automation, intelligent essence amount are inspection industrial fish farming one important indicators.Existing bait feeding adopts screw or rope disc type pipeline automatic feeding system mostly, and bait is delivered to after above every mouthful of crawl, is is automatically thrown something and fed by electronic material-throwing device.The driven by motor parabolic disc spins of electronic material-throwing device, jettisonings away the bait that feeding hopper fixed above it falls.The bait fallen due to feeding hopper is by freely falling body, bait be in feeding hopper maked somebody a mere figurehead, the cyclic process of avalanche, more built on stilts, avalanche again, and the time that is built on stilts and avalanche depends primarily on the humidity of material, granularity, bulk density and angle of repose and ambient humidity; Particularly when material or ambient humidity larger time, overlong time " maked somebody a mere figurehead " by material, cannot avalanche in time, parabolic dish can be thrown without bait, have a strong impact on accuracy and the uniformity of screw feeder discharge.
Existing technology is attempted to solve bait and " is maked somebody a mere figurehead " phenomenon, but produces little effect.Such as, in feeding hopper, a vertical screw feeder of driven by motor or agitator is increased.Though this method can increase material avalanche probability, vertical stirrer self also there will be can throw phenomenon without bait, is difficult to guarantee accurately jettisoninging of parabolic dish.It is increase eccentric ratio to drive shaking device that another kind is improved one's methods, and mechanical shock is very large to fish culture environmental influence, does not meet the healthy principle of environmental protection and people, normally worthless, and the reliability of this method and adaptability all limit by many conditions.Therefore, phenomenon " maked somebody a mere figurehead " by material is the bottleneck that restriction parabolic dish is accurately jettisoninged.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of reasonable in design, realize the factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish of jettisoninging continuously throws something and feeds device.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: one factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish is thrown something and fed device, comprise Multi-layer material-storing cabinet, described Multi-layer material-storing cabinet is connected to the dosing container be positioned at above each fishpond feeding point through feeding device, described dosing container is connected to the pneumatic throwing device between dosing container and fishpond feeding point through material blanking tube.
Preferably, described pneumatic throwing device comprises material casting casing, described material blanking tube vertically arranges and stretches into material casting casing, and the discharging opening lower horizontal of described material blanking tube is provided with the air inlet pipe stretching into material casting casing, and the opposite of described air inlet pipe is horizontally disposed with the material casting section of stretching out material casting casing.
Preferably, the air inlet of described air inlet pipe is arranged on the rear of the discharging opening of described material blanking tube, the material casting mouth of described material casting section is higher than the air inlet of described air inlet pipe, and described material casting casing is provided with the base plate tilted upward between the air inlet and the material casting mouth of material casting section of air inlet pipe.
Preferably, described air inlet pipe is provided with the magnetic valve controlling air inlet pipe keying, described magnetic valve is connected to control module, and described air inlet pipe is connected with the oxygen air delivering pipeline in each fishpond.
Preferably, the discharge outlet of described material blanking tube has controllable register through hinge, the circular arc tappet controlling to adjust baffle opening is provided with between the sidewall of described controllable register and material casting casing, the lateral wall of described material casting casing is provided with the fixed block matched with circular arc tappet, described fixed block is provided with hold-down screw.
Preferably, described feeding device comprises rope disc type carrier pipe, scraper-type chain and motor.
Preferably, described material casting casing upper surface is provided with removable box cover.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) pneumatic throwing device of the present invention, makes bait in material casting case be suspension, the phenomenon that there will not be bait " to make somebody a mere figurehead " and jettisoning without bait, solves bait essence and measures the Pinch technology of jettisoninging, quantitatively accurately, and dependable performance;
(2) the present invention's factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine that is applicable to breed fish is jettisoninged and is fed, and utilizes and breeds fish the usual existing oxygenation source of the gas of factory and arrive the oxygen air delivering pipeline of each crawl, namely do not increase too much equipment investment, convenient with automation, intelligentized control method;
(3) the present invention configures bait and to jettisoning intelligence control system, multiple time period feed can be set every day, each time period also can arrange the time of jettisoninging and jettisoning the intermittent time, guarantee that bait essence amount is jettisoninged and the uniformity, to reduce not by residual bait amount that fish searches for food as far as possible, and then alleviate the burden of circular water treating system, save cost of breeding fish.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention unitary construction schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the pneumatic throwing device organigram of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure: 1-Multi-layer material-storing cabinet, 2-feeding device, 21-rope disc type carrier pipe, 22-scraper-type chain, 23-motor, 3-dosing container, 4-material blanking tube, 41-discharging opening, the pneumatic throwing device of 5-, 51-material casting casing, 511-removable box cover, 52-air inlet pipe, 521-air inlet, 53-material casting section, 531-material casting mouth, 54-base plate, 55-controllable register, 56-circular arc tappet, 57-fixed block, 58-hold-down screw.
Embodiment
For above-mentioned feature and advantage of the present invention can be become apparent, special embodiment below, and coordinate accompanying drawing, be described in detail below.
As shown in Figure 1 and 2, one factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish is thrown something and fed device, comprise Multi-layer material-storing cabinet 1, described Multi-layer material-storing cabinet 1 is connected to the dosing container 3 be positioned at above each fishpond feeding point through feeding device 2, described dosing container 3 is connected to the pneumatic throwing device 5 between dosing container 3 and fishpond feeding point through material blanking tube 4.
In embodiments of the present invention, described pneumatic throwing device 5 comprises material casting casing 51, described material blanking tube 4 vertically arranges and stretches into material casting casing 51, described bait is because of gravity free-falling in material blanking tube 4, discharging opening 41 lower horizontal of described material blanking tube 4 is provided with the air inlet pipe 52 stretching into material casting casing 51, and the opposite of described air inlet pipe 52 is horizontally disposed with the material casting section 53 of stretching out material casting casing 51.
In embodiments of the present invention, the air inlet 521 of described air inlet pipe 52 is arranged on the rear of the discharging opening 41 of described material blanking tube 4, the material casting mouth 531 of described material casting section 53 is higher than the air inlet 521 of described air inlet pipe 52, and described material casting casing 51 is provided with the base plate 54 tilted upward between the air inlet 521 and the material casting mouth 531 of material casting section 53 of air inlet pipe 52; The gas that air inlet pipe 52 inputs is blown forward bottom material casting casing 51, in material casting casing 51, bait is suspension, after the anterior bait of material casting casing 51 is discharged from mouth of jettisoninging, the bait on material casting casing 51 rear portion and top is filled in time, there will not be " making somebody a mere figurehead " and without the droppable phenomenon of bait.
In embodiments of the present invention, the material casting mouth 531 of described material casting section 53 is 12 ~ 15 ° with the angle of horizontal plane, described material casting section 53 is interior narrow outer wide deltiod pipe, ensure bait throwing in distance, bait throwing in area, and described material casting section 53 length is 15 ~ 35cm, when the gas that air inlet pipe 52 is inputted is blown forward bottom material casting casing 51, the quantitative bait in material casting casing 51 is dished out completely, realize accurately feeding intake.
In embodiments of the present invention, described air inlet pipe 52 is provided with the magnetic valve controlling air inlet pipe 52 keying, described magnetic valve is connected to control module, described air inlet pipe 52 is connected with the oxygen air delivering pipeline in each fishpond, utilize the oxygen air delivering pipeline of the breed fish usual existing oxygenation source of the gas of factory and each crawl of arrival, namely too much equipment investment is not increased, conveniently with automation, intelligentized control method; The described electromagnetic valve work time is controlled by control module, multiple time period feed can be set every day, each time period also can arrange time of jettisoninging and jettisoninging the intermittent time, guarantees that bait essence amount is jettisoninged and the uniformity, to reduce not by residual bait amount that fish searches for food as far as possible.
In embodiments of the present invention, there is controllable register 55 at discharging opening 41 place of described material blanking tube 4 through hinge, the circular arc tappet 56 controlling to adjust baffle plate 55 aperture is provided with between described controllable register 55 and the sidewall of material casting casing 51, the circular arc tappet 56 that seesaws realizes the adjustment to controllable register 55 aperture, the lateral wall of described material casting casing 51 is provided with the fixed block 57 matched with circular arc tappet 56, described fixed block 57 is provided with hold-down screw 58, hold-down screw 58 is directly tightened after adjustment, convenient and swift; The aperture of controllable register 55 is 15 ~ 75 °, coordinates the air inlet 521 of the material casting mouth 531 of described material casting section 53, described air inlet pipe 52 to realize continuing material casting, evenly material casting, accurately material casting.
In embodiments of the present invention, described feeding device 2 comprises rope disc type carrier pipe 21, scraper-type chain 22 and motor 23; In Multi-layer material-storing cabinet 1, bait to be fed is under the drive of motor 23, be transported to the top of each fishpond feeding point by rope disc type carrier pipe 21 by scraper-type chain 22, described rope disc type carrier pipe 21 passes through above fishpond, bait, under the drive of scraper-type chain 22, is waited in inflow dosing container 3 automatically and being jettisoninged; The conveying time of feeding device 2 is controlled by control module, can arrange multiple time period feed every day, switches on power, drives scraper-type chain 22, start conveying, to the setting shut-in time, cut off the electricity supply, stop conveying to setting opening time motor 23; Automatical feeding system can realize full automatic working; Control module is according to raising the different cultivating condition such as fish culture vegetative period, cultivation density, water temperature, weather, different parameters of throwing something and feeding is set, control module according to compiling program carries out timing to target waters, quantitative bait casting realizes whole bait throwing in process automation; This control module can carry out the setting of bait throwing in formulation, daily ration, feeding quantity, bait throwing in speed, bait throwing in distance.
In embodiments of the present invention, described material casting casing 51 upper surface is provided with removable box cover 511, removes for the residual bait before casual inspection and replacing bait.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can show that under enlightenment of the present invention other various forms of factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fines of breeding fish are thrown something and fed device.All equalizations done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: comprise Multi-layer material-storing cabinet, described Multi-layer material-storing cabinet is connected to the dosing container be positioned at above each fishpond feeding point through feeding device, described dosing container is connected to the pneumatic throwing device between dosing container and fishpond feeding point through material blanking tube.
2. factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to claim 1 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: described pneumatic throwing device comprises material casting casing, described material blanking tube vertically arranges and stretches into material casting casing, the discharging opening lower horizontal of described material blanking tube is provided with the air inlet pipe stretching into material casting casing, and the opposite of described air inlet pipe is horizontally disposed with the material casting section of stretching out material casting casing.
3. factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to claim 2 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: the air inlet of described air inlet pipe is arranged on the rear of the discharging opening of material blanking tube, the material casting mouth of described material casting section is higher than the air inlet of air inlet pipe, and described material casting casing is provided with the base plate tilted upward between the air inlet and the material casting mouth of material casting section of air inlet pipe.
4. the factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to Claims 2 or 3 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: the magnetic valve described air inlet pipe being provided with control air inlet pipe keying, described magnetic valve is connected to control module, and described air inlet pipe is connected with the oxygen air delivering pipeline in each fishpond.
5. factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to claim 2 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: the discharge outlet of described material blanking tube has controllable register through hinge, the circular arc tappet controlling to adjust baffle opening is provided with between the sidewall of described controllable register and material casting casing, the lateral wall of described material casting casing is provided with the fixed block matched with circular arc tappet, described fixed block is provided with hold-down screw.
6. factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to claim 1 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: described feeding device comprises rope disc type carrier pipe, scraper-type chain and motor.
7. factory Duo Kou pond bait automatic fine of breeding fish according to claim 2 is thrown something and fed device, it is characterized in that: described material casting casing upper surface is provided with removable box cover.
CN201510507567.2A 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 Factory Duo Kou ponds bait automatic fine of breeding fish feeds device Active CN105010210B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105613339A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Spray feeder for granulated feed
CN106386633A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-02-15 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Pneumatic feeding device of intelligent fish tank
CN107333694A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-11-10 王俊峰 A kind of 360 degree of device for feeding fish bait
CN107410131A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-12-01 枞阳县程鹏水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of fish pond automatic feeder

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4984536A (en) * 1990-03-26 1991-01-15 Powell James W Fish feeding apparatus
CN2269719Y (en) * 1996-08-07 1997-12-10 瞿光安 Automatic fish feeding machine
US20040112296A1 (en) * 2002-12-13 2004-06-17 Arthurs Randall G. Bird feeder apparatus
BRMU9002138U2 (en) * 2010-11-19 2012-02-22 Nestor Jose Braun configuration applied to mechanical fish feeder
CN203646317U (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-06-18 龙文凯 Large automatic fish feeder
CN203897049U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-10-29 温州海蓝工业设计有限公司 Single-row aerodynamic automatic feeding equipment
CN204409253U (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-06-24 浙江海洋学院 Auto purification cuttlefish monomer cultivation tower

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4984536A (en) * 1990-03-26 1991-01-15 Powell James W Fish feeding apparatus
CN2269719Y (en) * 1996-08-07 1997-12-10 瞿光安 Automatic fish feeding machine
US20040112296A1 (en) * 2002-12-13 2004-06-17 Arthurs Randall G. Bird feeder apparatus
BRMU9002138U2 (en) * 2010-11-19 2012-02-22 Nestor Jose Braun configuration applied to mechanical fish feeder
CN203646317U (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-06-18 龙文凯 Large automatic fish feeder
CN203897049U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-10-29 温州海蓝工业设计有限公司 Single-row aerodynamic automatic feeding equipment
CN204409253U (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-06-24 浙江海洋学院 Auto purification cuttlefish monomer cultivation tower

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105613339A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Spray feeder for granulated feed
CN106386633A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-02-15 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Pneumatic feeding device of intelligent fish tank
CN106386633B (en) * 2016-10-31 2019-04-19 赖中潮 A kind of pneumatic type charging device of Intelligent fish tank
CN107410131A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-12-01 枞阳县程鹏水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of fish pond automatic feeder
CN107333694A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-11-10 王俊峰 A kind of 360 degree of device for feeding fish bait

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