CN105003922A - Smoke discharge system of household garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Smoke discharge system of household garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105003922A
CN105003922A CN201510527092.3A CN201510527092A CN105003922A CN 105003922 A CN105003922 A CN 105003922A CN 201510527092 A CN201510527092 A CN 201510527092A CN 105003922 A CN105003922 A CN 105003922A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cigarette storehouse
clarifier
tank
smoke
level
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510527092.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁强
Original Assignee
贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司 filed Critical 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司
Priority to CN201510527092.3A priority Critical patent/CN105003922A/en
Publication of CN105003922A publication Critical patent/CN105003922A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2217/00Intercepting solids
    • F23J2217/50Intercepting solids by cleaning fluids (washers or scrubbers)
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2900/00Special arrangements for conducting or purifying combustion fumes; Treatment of fumes or ashes
    • F23J2900/15061Deep cooling or freezing of flue gas rich of CO2 to deliver CO2-free emissions, or to deliver liquid CO2

Abstract

The invention discloses a smoke discharge system of a household garbage incinerator. The smoke discharge system comprises an incinerator body, a cooling pool, a cooling pipeline, an exhaust fan, a plurality of purification pools and a main flue, wherein the incinerator body comprises a hearth, a primary smoke storage and a secondary smoke storage, the primary smoke storage and the hearth are internally tangent to one side where an incinerator mouth is located, the hearth is provided with a first smoke opening communicated with the primary smoke storage, the secondary smoke storage and the primary smoke storage are internally tangent to one side where the incinerator mouth is located, the primary smoke storage is provided with a second smoke opening communicated with the secondary smoke storage, the cooling pool is arranged on one side of the incinerator body, the lower part of the cooling pipeline is soaked under the level of the cooling pool, one end of the cooling pipeline is communicated with the secondary smoke storage, the exhaust fan is connected with the other end of the cooling pipeline, the purification pools are connected together in series, a gas inlet pipe of the first purification pool is connected with the exhaust fan, and the main flue is connected with a gas outlet pipe of the last purification pool. The smoke discharge system of the household garbage incinerator can perform sedimentation, cooling, deacidification and adsorption on smoke, so as to improve treatment efficiency and lower treatment cost.

Description

The smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator

Technical field

The present invention relates to incinerator field, particularly the smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator.

Background technology

Along with the rapid raising of the fast development of Chinese society economy, the quickening of urbanization process and living standards of the people, the junk that city produces and produces in life process also increases sharply thereupon, house refuse land occupation, the situation of contaminated environment and also all the more obvious on the impact of health of people.Landfill disposal, burning disposal and compost treatment is had to the processing method of house refuse.

Generally carry out burning domestic garbage by domestic waste incineration in burning disposal, because the kind of house refuse is more, therefore the harmful components contained by flue gas produced after burning are also more, therefore require that domestic waste incineration could discharge after strictly processing flue gas.But the processing cost of existing domestic waste incineration to flue gas is higher.

The information being disclosed in this background technology part is only intended to increase the understanding to general background of the present invention, and should not be regarded as admitting or imply in any form that this information structure has been prior art that persons skilled in the art are known.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide the smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator, thus overcome the higher shortcoming of the processing cost of existing domestic waste incineration to flue gas.

For achieving the above object, the invention provides the smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator, wherein, comprising: body of heater, it comprises: burner hearth, and it is cylindric, and this burner hearth is provided with fire door and charging aperture; One-level cigarette storehouse, it is cylindric, and the diameter in this one-level cigarette storehouse is greater than described furnace diameter, and this one-level cigarette storehouse and described burner hearth are inscribed within the side at described fire door place; Described burner hearth is provided with the first flue gas mouth communicated with this one-level cigarette storehouse; And secondary cigarette storehouse, it is cylindric, and the diameter in this secondary cigarette storehouse is greater than the diameter in described one-level cigarette storehouse, and this secondary cigarette storehouse and described one-level cigarette storehouse are inscribed within the side at described fire door place; Described one-level cigarette lab setting has the second flue gas mouth communicated with this secondary cigarette storehouse; Cooling bay, it is arranged at the side of described body of heater; Cooling pipe, its underpart is immersed under the liquid level of described cooling bay, and one end of this cooling pipe communicates with described secondary cigarette storehouse; Air exhauster, it is connected with the other end of described cooling pipe; Clarifier-tank, several these clarifier-tanks are cascaded, and the air inlet pipe of first this clarifier-tank is connected with described air exhauster; And flue collector, it is connected with the escape pipe of clarifier-tank described in last.

Preferably, the quantity of described clarifier-tank is three, and wherein clarifier-tank described in the first two is Calcified pond, and a rear described clarifier-tank is active carbon pond.

Preferably, also comprise the auxillary flue that an import communicates with described secondary cigarette storehouse, the import of this auxillary flue is provided with switch, and the inside of this auxillary flue is provided with active carbon layer and spray desulfurizer.

Preferably, the charging aperture of described burner hearth is connected by pipeline with described air exhauster.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:

The present invention by arranging one-level cigarette storehouse and secondary cigarette storehouse outside burner hearth, time of resting in body of heater of prolong smoke can be settled down to cigarette bottom of the reservior layer to make the moisture bulky grain of bulky grain flue dust and evaporation, flue gas carries out cooling through cooling bay and clarifier-tank again, depickling and absorption, thus minimizing flue dust enters into clarifier-tank, improve purification efficiency, except low fume treatment cost.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the front view of the smoke evacuation system according to one way of life incinerator of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view of the smoke evacuation system according to one way of life incinerator of the present invention.

Reference numeral:

1-body of heater, 2-burner hearth, 3-charging aperture, 4-fire door, 5-one-level cigarette storehouse, 6-first flue gas mouth, 7-secondary cigarette storehouse, 8-second flue gas mouth, 9-cooling bay, 10-cooling pipe, 11-air exhauster, 12-clarifier-tank, 13-flue collector, 14-auxillary flue.

Detailed description of the invention

Further describe in conjunction with detailed description of the invention referring to accompanying drawing, to make those skilled in the art can implement according to this with reference to description word, protection domain is not limited by the embodiment of the technical program.

Most preferred embodiment of the present invention is such, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, the smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator, it comprises: body of heater 1, cooling bay 9, cooling pipe 10, air exhauster 11, clarifier-tank 12 and flue collector 13, wherein:

As shown in Figure 1, body of heater 1 comprises burner hearth 2, one-level cigarette storehouse 5 and secondary cigarette storehouse 7, and burner hearth 2 is in cylindric, the bottom of burner hearth 2 is provided with fire door 4, and its top arranges charging aperture 3, fire door 4 is for putting fuel and igniting, and charging aperture 3 enters into burner hearth 2 for throwing in flammable house refuse.One-level cigarette storehouse 5 is in cylindric, and the diameter in one-level cigarette storehouse 5 is greater than the diameter of burner hearth 2, and as shown in Figure 2, one-level cigarette storehouse 5 and burner hearth 2 are inscribed within the side at fire door 4 place, and burner hearth 2 is provided with the first flue gas mouth 6 communicated with one-level cigarette storehouse 5.Secondary cigarette storehouse 7 is in cylindric, and as shown in Figure 2, the diameter in secondary cigarette storehouse 7 is greater than the diameter in one-level cigarette storehouse 5, and secondary cigarette storehouse 7 and one-level cigarette storehouse 5 are inscribed within the side at fire door 4 place, and one-level cigarette storehouse 5 is provided with the second flue gas mouth 8 communicated with secondary cigarette storehouse 7.The flue gas that house refuse produces after burning in burner hearth 2 enters one-level cigarette storehouse 5 by the first flue gas mouth 6, secondary cigarette storehouse 7 is entered again by the second flue gas mouth 8, thus increase flue gas rests on the time in body of heater 1 greatly, with the bottom making the moisture bulky grain of bulky grain flue dust and evaporation be settled down to two cigarette storehouses.

As shown in Figure 1, cooling bay 9 is arranged at the side of body of heater 1.The bottom of cooling pipe 10 is immersed under the liquid level of cooling bay 9, one end of cooling pipe 10 communicates with secondary cigarette storehouse 7, air exhauster 11 is connected with the other end of cooling pipe 10, by air exhauster 11, flue gas is pumped into cooling pipe 10 from secondary cigarette storehouse 7, flue gas is immersed in the part under the liquid level of cooling bay 9 through cooling pipe 10, just can be cooled.Preferably, the charging aperture 3 of burner hearth 2 is connected by pipeline with air exhauster 11, when normally burning, charging aperture 3 is closed, flue gas can not from charging aperture 3 out, and when being fed intake by charging aperture 3 pairs of burner hearths 2, air exhauster 11 can take flue gas away in time by pipeline, avoid flue gas to discharge from charging aperture 3, pollute.

As shown in Figure 2, several clarifier-tanks 12 are cascaded, each clarifier-tank 12 is provided with air inlet pipe and escape pipe, the lower end of air inlet pipe extend in the liquid level of clarifier-tank 12, the lower end of escape pipe is higher than the liquid level of clarifier-tank 12, or the lower end of escape pipe also extend into liquid level, but offer a through hole in escape pipe higher than the part of liquid level, wherein the air inlet pipe of a rear clarifier-tank 12 is connected with the escape pipe of previous clarifier-tank 12.The air inlet pipe of first this clarifier-tank 12 is connected with air exhauster 11, and the escape pipe of last clarifier-tank 12 is connected with flue collector 13.Flue gas carries out depickling and absorption by laggard several clarifier-tanks 12 that enter into successively of air exhauster 11, finally discharges from flue collector 13.Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, the quantity of clarifier-tank 12 is three, and wherein the first two clarifier-tank 12 is Calcified pond, and a rear clarifier-tank 12 is active carbon pond.The present invention realizes carrying out three grades of chilling washings to flue gas by employing three clarifier-tanks 12, and can carry out good depickling to flue gas, dedusting, absorption dioxin and heavy metal, effectively control the generation of flying dust, the environment protecting of discharge is better.The sewage of each clarifier-tank 12 can be drained into cesspool and precipitate, in cesspool surface layer water purification pumpback the 3rd clarifier-tank 12, again the sediment of cesspool outward transport landfill, and directly discharge after neutralization residue sewage, therefore few to the sewage load of water purifying tank 12, secondary pollution is little, and maintenance management is convenient.

Further, the present invention also comprises the auxillary flue 14 that an import communicates with secondary cigarette storehouse 7, and the import of auxillary flue 14 is provided with switch, and the inside of auxillary flue 14 is provided with active carbon layer and spray desulfurizer.When the present invention being arranged at the ground generation powering-off states such as rural urbanization, air exhauster 11 quits work, flue gas is obstructed enters cooling pipe 10 and clarifier-tank 12, now by the switch of open auxiliary flue 14, flue gas outwards discharges after the active carbon layer and spray desulfurizer process of auxillary flue 14 again, to play the effect of emergency processing, avoid when carrying out, in burning process, power-off condition occurs to house refuse, flue gas can not discharge or directly be discharged into outside and pollute.

The present invention by arranging one-level cigarette storehouse 5 and secondary cigarette storehouse 7 outside burner hearth 2, time of resting in body of heater 1 of prolong smoke can be settled down to cigarette bottom of the reservior layer to make the moisture bulky grain of bulky grain flue dust and evaporation, flue gas carries out cooling through cooling bay and clarifier-tank again, depickling and absorption.Flue dust can be reduced by one-level cigarette storehouse 5 and secondary cigarette storehouse 7 and enter into clarifier-tank 12, improve the utilization rate of clarifier-tank 12, thus except low domestic waste incineration is to the processing cost of fume emission.

By explanation the present invention that above embodiment can be detailed, disclose object of the present invention and be intended to protect all technological improvements in the scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. the smoke evacuation system of one way of life incinerator, is characterized in that, comprising:
Body of heater, it comprises:
Burner hearth, it is cylindric, and this burner hearth is provided with fire door and charging aperture;
One-level cigarette storehouse, it is cylindric, and the diameter in this one-level cigarette storehouse is greater than described furnace diameter, and this one-level cigarette storehouse and described burner hearth are inscribed within the side at described fire door place; Described burner hearth is provided with the first flue gas mouth communicated with this one-level cigarette storehouse; And
Secondary cigarette storehouse, it is cylindric, and the diameter in this secondary cigarette storehouse is greater than the diameter in described one-level cigarette storehouse, and this secondary cigarette storehouse and described one-level cigarette storehouse are inscribed within the side at described fire door place; Described one-level cigarette lab setting has the second flue gas mouth communicated with this secondary cigarette storehouse;
Cooling bay, it is arranged at the side of described body of heater;
Cooling pipe, its underpart is immersed under the liquid level of described cooling bay, and one end of this cooling pipe communicates with described secondary cigarette storehouse;
Air exhauster, it is connected with the other end of described cooling pipe;
Clarifier-tank, several these clarifier-tanks are cascaded, and the air inlet pipe of first this clarifier-tank is connected with described air exhauster; And
Flue collector, it is connected with the escape pipe of clarifier-tank described in last.
2. the smoke evacuation system of domestic waste incineration according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the quantity of described clarifier-tank is three, and wherein clarifier-tank described in the first two is Calcified pond, and a rear described clarifier-tank is active carbon pond.
3. the smoke evacuation system of domestic waste incineration according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise the auxillary flue that an import communicates with described secondary cigarette storehouse, the import of this auxillary flue is provided with switch, and the inside of this auxillary flue is provided with active carbon layer and spray desulfurizer.
4. the smoke evacuation system of domestic waste incineration according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the charging aperture of described burner hearth is connected by pipeline with described air exhauster.
CN201510527092.3A 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 Smoke discharge system of household garbage incinerator CN105003922A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105889939A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-08-24 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105972608A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-09-28 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 Waste incinerator
CN108488805A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-09-04 蒯进永 A kind of closed Innocent treatment device for medicinal wastes

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2086373U (en) * 1991-02-10 1991-10-09 河南省能源研究所节能技术开发中心 Multi-functioal civil heating furnace
JPH07139719A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-05-30 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Waste gas processor for incinerator
CN2521499Y (en) * 2002-01-08 2002-11-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Garbage incinerator
CN101285577A (en) * 2007-04-12 2008-10-15 清华大学 Pneumatic medical waste burning process for rotary kiln and device therefor
CN201421110Y (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-03-10 陈刚 Combustion chamber of convection furnace
CN201916909U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-08-03 王建伟 Thermal plasma device for treating dangerous waste
CN103994457A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-20 桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司 Flue gas cleaning device with flue gas quencher
CN104197337A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-10 南通星球石墨设备有限公司 Incineration tail gas treatment process based on quench tower
CN205014375U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-02-03 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司 Smoke exhaust system for garbage incinerator

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2086373U (en) * 1991-02-10 1991-10-09 河南省能源研究所节能技术开发中心 Multi-functioal civil heating furnace
JPH07139719A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-05-30 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Waste gas processor for incinerator
CN2521499Y (en) * 2002-01-08 2002-11-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Garbage incinerator
CN101285577A (en) * 2007-04-12 2008-10-15 清华大学 Pneumatic medical waste burning process for rotary kiln and device therefor
CN201421110Y (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-03-10 陈刚 Combustion chamber of convection furnace
CN201916909U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-08-03 王建伟 Thermal plasma device for treating dangerous waste
CN103994457A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-20 桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司 Flue gas cleaning device with flue gas quencher
CN104197337A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-10 南通星球石墨设备有限公司 Incineration tail gas treatment process based on quench tower
CN205014375U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-02-03 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司 Smoke exhaust system for garbage incinerator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105889939A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-08-24 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105972608A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-09-28 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 Waste incinerator
CN105889939B (en) * 2016-06-06 2018-09-21 百色瑞成科技有限责任公司 A kind of waste incinerator
CN108488805A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-09-04 蒯进永 A kind of closed Innocent treatment device for medicinal wastes

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