CN105889939B - A kind of waste incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105889939B
CN105889939B CN201610394240.3A CN201610394240A CN105889939B CN 105889939 B CN105889939 B CN 105889939B CN 201610394240 A CN201610394240 A CN 201610394240A CN 105889939 B CN105889939 B CN 105889939B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary shaft
furnace body
waste incinerator
combustion
recessed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610394240.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105889939A (en
Inventor
黄峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Xuande Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Henan Yuanda Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Baise Ruicheng Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610394240.3A priority Critical patent/CN105889939B/en
Publication of CN105889939A publication Critical patent/CN105889939A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105889939B publication Critical patent/CN105889939B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/04Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment drying
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • F23G5/12Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating using gaseous or liquid fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/24Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having a vertical, substantially cylindrical, combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/46Recuperation of heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2201/00Pretreatment
    • F23G2201/10Drying by heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2204/00Supplementary heating arrangements
    • F23G2204/10Supplementary heating arrangements using auxiliary fuel
    • F23G2204/103Supplementary heating arrangements using auxiliary fuel gaseous or liquid fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2205/00Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G2205/16Waste feed arrangements using chute
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2206/00Waste heat recuperation
    • F23G2206/10Waste heat recuperation reintroducing the heat in the same process, e.g. for predrying

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste incinerator, belongs to stove technical field, and includes furnace body, wind turbine, feed hopper, inner water-tank, combustion-supporting and heat exchange dust processor.The present invention enters furnace body by the way that wind turbine is arranged from the feed hopper air draught, the stink of rubbish itself is avoided to escape outside stove, and inner water-tank and heat exchange dust processor are provided with for handling the imperfect combustion particle risen with flame flow in furnace interior, imperfect combustion particle is slipped to combustion chamber by the sedimentation of inner water-tank and the dust processor that exchanges heat and burns again, it is additionally provided with the combustion-supporting of stable incineration firing simultaneously, so that rubbish is obtained an environment for stablizing burning, reduces the generation of imperfect combustion particle;And the feed hopper due to being obliquely installed and the feeding gate opened and closed by rubbish gravity and its own gravity, make labourer reduce manual labor.

Description

A kind of waste incinerator
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of stove, more particularly to a kind of waste incinerator.
Background technology
With the development of society, people’s lives quality is become better and better, the thing followed is then a large amount of house refuse, mesh Preceding usually used trash processing way has following two:One is garbage loading embeading technology is used, however, with urban land It gradually decreases, people are also finding the scheme for substituting garbage loading embeading technology;Another way is exactly burning domestic garbage, life rubbish Rubbish generates a large amount of toxic gas when burning, and house refuse due to type it is various, density, the shape of combustible therein Shape, chemical property, burning special efficacy are all different, therefore many combustibles all cannot fully fire in common burning mode It burns, and generates a large amount of black smoke and pernicious gas while imperfect combustion, pollute air and endanger the health of the mankind. In addition, rubbish, which will produce a large amount of foul smell in open incineration, influences the life of surrounding resident.
During burning away the refuse, lime-ash imperfect combustion when due to incineration firing eventually leads to part not exclusively Burning particles go out incinerator with the hot gas of rising, simultaneously as rubbish is per se with stink, unburnt particle and rubbish The stink collective effect of rubbish itself pollutes air.
Invention content
In view of problem above, it is necessary to a kind of waste incinerator is provided and is used for preventing stink when incineration firing from diffusing, and And it can prevent outside imperfect combustion particle effusion stove, moreover it is possible to mitigate the intensity of labourer.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of waste incinerator, including furnace body, wind turbine, into Hopper, inner water-tank, combustion-supporting and heat exchange dust processor;The feed hopper is connected to the air inlet of the wind turbine, the wind The exhaust outlet of machine is connected to the furnace body;The feed hopper is connected to the furnace body, is formed to the furnace body and is supplied the logical of rubbish Road;Two connecting plates and feeding gate of the feed hopper includes top plate, is obliquely installed bottom plate, the connection top plate and bottom plate, And the feed inlet is offered, the feeding gate includes the first rotating part and the second rotating part;First rotating part with wherein One connecting plate or two connecting plate rotatable connection, rotary shaft are the first rotary shaft;First rotating part is revolved with described second Transfer part is rotatably connected, and rotary shaft is the second rotary shaft, and first rotary shaft, second rotary shaft, the bottom plate are mutually flat Row;The heat exchange dust processor is arranged in the furnace interior, including two first recessed disks and several connecting tubes;Described two first Recessed disk is arranged in the same direction, wherein one first recessed disk is located on the another first recessed disk, the upper surface for the first recessed disk being located above is certainly Outside to inside diagonally downward;The first ash-falling hole is offered respectively among described two first recessed disks, and tap hole is offered on side wall, it is described Several connecting tubes are arranged between described two first recessed disks;First ash-falling hole of described two first recessed disks is connected by a connecting tube Logical, the tap hole of described two first recessed disks is connected to by remaining connecting tube;It is the furnace body, the two first recessed disk, described several A heat transfer space is formed between connecting tube, underlying first recessed disk forms combustion chamber with the furnace body;The wind turbine is from institute Feed hopper is stated to suck the fresh momentum feeding heat transfer space and eventually enter into combustion chamber;The inner water-tank is arranged described It within furnace body, with combustion chamber, is connected to outside, and offers vapor row on the babinet being connected to the furnace body inner cavity Outlet;The combustion-supporting both ends offer port respectively, and the two port connections, wherein one end is filled with the solid with gap Fire proofing simultaneously stretches into the inner cylinder, and another port is stretched out outside stove for adding combustion adjuvant.
Further, first rotary shaft is affixed with the top plate, and the radius of turn of first rotating part is less than institute State the first rotary shaft to the bottom plate distance.
Further, first rotary shaft is affixed with the top plate, and the radius of turn of first rotating part is not more than Distance of first rotary shaft to the bottom plate.
Further, the radius of turn of second rotating part no more than first rotary shaft to the bottom plate away from From.
Further, the maximum radius of turn of the feeding gate is equal to first rotary shaft to the bottom immediately below it The vertical range of plate.
Further, first rotary shaft is equal to the rotation of second rotating part to the distance of second rotary shaft Radius.
Further, the top plate, the bottom plate are perpendicular to two connecting plate.
Further, the top plate is arranged in parallel with the bottom plate.
Further, the vapor outlet is opened in the side of the inner water-tank.
Further, the U-shaped structure of the combustion-supporting, the solid fireproof material include glass fibre, asbestos, sand, Lime.
The invention has the advantages that:
The present invention enters furnace body by the way that wind turbine is arranged from the feed hopper air draught, and the stink of rubbish itself is avoided to escape stove Outside, and in furnace interior inner water-tank and heat exchange dust processor are provided with for handling the incomplete combustion risen with flame flow Particle is burnt, imperfect combustion particle is slipped to combustion chamber by the sedimentation of inner water-tank and the dust processor that exchanges heat and is fired again It burns, while being additionally provided with the combustion-supporting of stable incineration firing, rubbish is made to obtain an environment for stablizing burning, reduce not exclusively combustion Burn the generation of particle.And the feed hopper due to being obliquely installed and the feeding gate opened and closed by rubbish gravity and its own gravity, Labourer is set to reduce manual labor.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of stereoscopic schematic diagram of waste incinerator of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is stereoscopic schematic diagram when a kind of waste incinerator feeding gate of the present invention is closed.
Fig. 3 is the diagrammatic cross-section in lower furnace body in the present invention (in terms of feed inlet direction).
Fig. 4 is a kind of partial sectional view of waste incinerator in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the diagrammatic cross-section of upper furnace body in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of screens blast pipe in the present invention.
Fig. 7 be the present invention second of embodiment in feed hopper sectional view (feeding gate does not cut open).
Main element symbol description
Following specific implementation mode will be further illustrated the present invention in conjunction with above-mentioned attached drawing.
Specific implementation mode
- 2 are please referred to Fig.1, in the better embodiment of the present invention, a waste incinerator includes on a lower furnace body 1, one Furnace body 2, a smoke exhaust pipe 3, an air inducing portion 4, a wind turbine 5 and a feed hopper 6, and offer a deslagging portion 7 and a flue gas storehouse 8.Institute It states lower furnace body 1 and upper furnace body 2 forms furnace body.
Fig. 3 is please referred to, the lower furnace body 1 includes an outer barrel 11, an inner cylinder 12, an inner water-tank 13, one first collection Recessed 15 and one combustion-supporting 16 of disk of the recessed collection of disk 14, one second ash of ash, the outer barrel 11, the inner cylinder 12, the first collection ash Recessed disk 14, the recessed disk 15 of the second collection ash are around formation ventilation space 17.
The outer barrel 11 includes an outer barrel 111, a sealing plate 112 and a bottom plate 113.The outer barrel 11 is hollow knot Structure, the setting of the sealing plate 112 is connect at 111 top of the outer barrel with the upper furnace body 2, described outer for closing The gap at 111 top of cylinder, prevents flame from escaping the waste incinerator, flame is made to enter the upper furnace body 2.The bottom plate 113 are arranged in 111 bottom of the outer barrel.
The inner cylinder 12 is arranged in the outer barrel 11, and includes inner cylinder 121, ventilation necking 122 and drying slag disk 123.The inner cylinder 121 is hollow structure, and inner cavity is connected to the inner cavity of the feed hopper 6, and the setting of ventilation necking 122 exists On the inner cylinder 121, and offer several air inlets 1221;The drying slag disk 123 is in back taper, top and institute The connection of inner cylinder 121 is stated, bottom offers the first slag mouth 1231, and connection described first is further opened on disk body and collects grey recessed disk 14 The ventilation mouth 1232 of upper and lower surface.Preferably, the axis direction of the air inlet 1221 is towards the tangential of position Direction tilts, and makes flame in the lower furnace body 1 in the shape of a spiral, increases the mixability of air and burning particles.In the present invention Embodiment in, rubbish, which is dumped into the inner cylinder 12, to burn, drying room and burning of the inner cylinder 12 as furnace body Room uses.
Recessed 14 upper surface of disk of the first collection ash is in back taper truncated cone-shaped, is arranged in the outer barrel 11, and be arranged in institute It states under the first slag mouth 1231, and offers the second slag mouth 141, and there are gaps for giving between the inner cylinder 12 The inner cylinder 12 imports fresh charge.Preferably, the first slag mouth 1231 and the second slag mouth 141 are coaxial.
Recessed 15 upper surface of disk of the second collection ash is in back taper truncated cone-shaped, is arranged in the outer barrel 11, is opened up among bottom There is the first ash port 151.First ash port 151 is connected to the inner cylinder 12.Preferably, first ash port 151 is logical The ventilation necking 122 is crossed to be connected to the inner cylinder 12.In embodiments of the present invention, the inner cylinder 12 further includes connection Body 124, the connector 124 is hollow, described for being connected to recessed 15 upper surface of disk of the second collection ash and 12 inner cavity of the inner cylinder Outer barrel 11, the inner cylinder 12, the recessed disk 14 of the first collection ash, the recessed disk 15 of the second collection ash, the connector 124 surround Form ventilation space 17.In the present embodiment, the connector 124 offers air port, for supplementing fresh charge.
Fig. 4 is please referred to, the inner water-tank 13 is arranged in the outer barrel 11, and is arranged in the second collection ash On recessed disk 15, also it is connected to outside.The inner water-tank 13 offers vapor outlet 131, the vapor outlet 131 are connected to 11 inner cavity of the outer barrel, 12 inner cavity of the inner cylinder.The inner water-tank 13 generates water by absorbing the heat of burning Steam, unburned complete particle, which moisturizes, when vapor is to burning makes its sedimentation fall.Preferably, the vapor discharge Mouth 131 is opened in the top surface or side of the inner water-tank 13, when the vapor outlet 131 is opened in the built-in water When 13 top surface of case, 131 top of the water vapour outlet is provided with dust block board, and the dust block board is described to prevent dust from falling into Inner water-tank 13;The inner water-tank 13 is connected to outer tank (not shown), and the highest design water level of the outer tank is not Higher than the vapor outlet 131;The floor projection of the floor projection of the inner water-tank 13 and first ash port 151 It is not overlapped.
16 both ends of the combustion-supporting offer port 162 respectively, and the connection of two ports 162, the inner cylinder is stretched into one end 12, and filled with the solid fireproof material 161 with gap, the other end stretches out the outer barrel 11 for adding combustion adjuvant.It is excellent Selection of land, the height of the both ends port 162 of the combustion-supporting 16 are not less than the height of intermediate connection section, the end for adding combustion adjuvant The height of mouth 162 is not higher than the height of other end port 162;The solid fireproof material 161 be glass fibre, asbestos, sand, Lime, the combustion adjuvant are oil.In present embodiment, 16 U-shaped pipe structure of the combustion-supporting, and in u-tube structure Filled with the solid fireproof material 161, it is additionally provided with the valve for controlling 16 break-make of the combustion-supporting.The valve is in rubbish It opens when rubbish incinerator use, then closes when not in use, prevent from being tempered.
When the port 162 for being located at 12 one end of the inner cylinder in the combustion-supporting 16 is arranged upward, on the port 162 Be provided with a dust block board, and enable between dust block board and port 162 there are gap so that make combustion adjuvant in the inner cylinder 12 Air be mixed and burned.When the port 162 that the combustion-supporting 16 is located at 12 one end of the inner cylinder is arranged in side, can not have to Dust block board is set.
Fig. 5 is please referred to, the upper furnace body 2 is arranged in the top of the lower furnace body 1, is internally provided at heat exchange dust Device 21 and recessed disk dust processor 22 are managed, the heat exchange dust processor 21 includes two first recessed disks 211 and several connecting tubes 212;Described two first settings in the same direction of recessed disk 211 are located at upper wherein one first recessed disk 211 is located on the 211 of the another first recessed disk The upper surface of first recessed disk 211 of side and the lower surface of underlying first recessed disk 211 from the outside to the core diagonally downward, in this reality It is in that hollow back taper is round table-like to apply in example, and the first ash-falling hole 2111 is offered among described two first recessed disks 211;Described two first is recessed Tap hole 2112 is offered on the side wall of disk 211.The connecting tube 212 is arranged between described two first recessed disks 211, and described two First ash-falling hole 2111 of the first recessed disk 211 is connected to by the connecting tube 212, the tap hole of described two first recessed disks 211 2112 are connected to by the connecting tube 212 respectively.The stove of described two first recessed disks 211, the connecting tube 212, the upper furnace body 2 Wall, which surrounds, forms preheating space 213.Preferably, the upper surface of described two first recessed disks 211 is respectively parallel to respective lower surface, The upper surface of described two first recessed disks 211 is mutually parallel;The upper furnace body 2 is arranged in the oblique upper of the lower furnace body 1;Connection institute The connecting tube 212 of tap hole 2112 is stated perpendicular to the place conical surface, the axis of the connecting tube 212 is directed toward first ash-falling hole 2111 axis.In another embodiment of the present invention, the inner cylinder 12 is cuboid, and the first recessed disk 211 includes Four trapezoidal side plates, the side of the four trapezoidal side plate end to end successively is in inverted ladder-shaped body shape.It is described in present embodiment 21 lower section of heat exchange dust processor is also used as combustion chamber to the space between the inner cylinder 12.
The recessed disk dust processor 22 includes one second recessed disk 221 and several shunting mixed flow tubes 222.The second recessed disk 221 are arranged on the heat exchange dust processor 21, upper surface from the outside to the core diagonally downward, be in the present embodiment it is hollow It bores round table-like, offers through-hole 2211 on side wall, centre offers the second ash-falling hole 2212, and it is mixed that lower surface is provided with several shuntings Flow tube 222.The shunting mixed flow tube 222 is connected to recessed 22 upper and lower surface of disk dust processor with the cooperation of the through-hole 2211 Space.The imperfect combustion particle of 22 top of the recessed disk dust processor slides from upper surface to second ash-falling hole 2212 Afterwards from second ash-falling hole 2212 toward whereabouts, and when the air-flow of 22 lower section of the recessed disk dust processor encounters the recessed disk When the lower surface of dust processor 22, a part of air-flow directly enters the recessed disk dust processing from the shunting mixed flow tube 222 The air-flow of 22 top of device, another part can be allowed due to the effect of shunting 222 tube wall of mixed flow tube protruded with imperfect combustion The airflow reflux of particle is simultaneously mixed with ascending air in the lower section of the recessed disk dust processor 22, reduces the speed of air-flow rising Degree, makes the imperfect combustion particle in air-flow settle.Preferably, the shunting mixed flow tube 222 is inclined relative to horizontal setting, Axis is perpendicular to the place conical surface and is directed toward the axis of second ash-falling hole 2212, when ascending air is by shunting mixed flow tube 222 Speed further decreases, and the upper surface of the second recessed disk 221 is parallel to lower surface.In another embodiment of the present invention, The upper furnace body 2 is in cuboid, and the second recessed disk 221 includes four trapezoidal side plates, and the side of the four trapezoidal side plate is first successively Tail connects in hollow inverted ladder-shaped body shape.
In the horizontal plane, the projection of the first ash-falling hole 2111 of the underlying first recessed disk 211 is fallen in second collection In the projection of grey recessed disk 15, and, the projection of second ash-falling hole 2212 not be overlapped with the projection of first ash port 151 It falls in the projection of the shunting heat exchange dust processor 21.Preferably, second ash-falling hole 2212 and described first falls ash Hole 2111 is coaxial.
The smoke exhaust pipe 3 includes tube wall 31 and necking 32, and the tube wall 31 is connect with 2 top of the upper furnace body.The contracting Mouth 32 is arranged below the tube wall 31, and extends downwardly.The connecting portion of the tube wall 31 and the upper furnace body 2 is to the contracting Tube wall 31 between mouth 32 offers several deflector holes 33, and the deflector hole 33 is used for the gas after shunting combustion.Preferably, institute State smoke exhaust pipe 3 tube side circulation area be more than the areas of all deflector holes 33 plus minimum aperture in the necking 32 area it With, the smoke exhaust pipe 3 is vertically arranged, and makes gas pressure reduction when flowing into the smoke exhaust pipe 3, by air-flow with particulate matter It is deposited to the necking 32 and is slipped in the upper furnace body 2.In embodiments of the present invention, the smoke exhaust pipe 3 is opened If deflector hole 33 it is identical on the axial position of smoke exhaust pipe 3, the deflector hole 33 symmetrically is opened in the smoke exhaust pipe 3 On, the axis of the deflector hole 33 is perpendicular to the tube wall 31 of place smoke exhaust pipe 3, and the axis of the necking 32 is perpendicular to ground.
Referring to Fig. 1, the air inducing portion 4 includes several induced ducts 41.The air inlet of the wind turbine 5 passes through an induced duct 41 It is connected to the feed hopper 6, gas outlet is connected to by an induced duct 41 with the preheating space 213.
6 one end of the feed hopper is connected to the inner cylinder 12, and the other end offers feed inlet 61, is formed and is supplied to the furnace body Answer the channel of rubbish.The height that the feed hopper 6 is connected to end with the inner cylinder 12 is not higher than the combustion-supporting 16 in the inner cylinder The outlet height of 12 sides makes the rubbish entered from the feed hopper 6 not block the outlet of the combustion-supporting 16.The wind turbine 5 It will be put into caused by the rubbish in feed hopper 6 foul smell by the air inducing portion 4 and sucks the waste incineration furnace interior, and The waste incinerator has handled foul smell when burning away the refuse, and avoids adverse effect caused by foul smell diffuses.
Fig. 7 is please referred to, in the present embodiment, the feed hopper 6 includes top plate 64, the bottom plate 65 being obliquely installed, company Two connecting plates 66 and feeding gate 63 of the top plate 64 and the bottom plate 65 are connect, and offer the feed inlet 61, the bottom Plate 65, the top plate 64, two connecting plate 66 composition feed hopper ontology 62.The feeding gate 63 includes the first rotating part 631 And second rotating part 632;First rotating part 631 is rotatably connected with the connecting plate 66, and rotary shaft is the first rotary shaft;Institute The first rotating part 631 is stated to be rotatably connected with second rotating part 632, rotary shaft be the second rotary shaft, first rotary shaft, Second rotary shaft, the bottom plate 65 are mutually parallel, and first rotary shaft is affixed with the top plate 64, first rotation The radius of turn in portion 631 is not more than first rotary shaft to the distance of the bottom plate 65, the wind turbine 5 and the feed hopper 6 Connection position between the feeding gate 63 and the feed inlet 61.Preferably, the rotation of first rotating part 631 half Diameter is less than first rotary shaft to the distance of the bottom plate 65, and the radius of turn of second rotating part 632 is no more than described Distance of first rotary shaft to the bottom plate 65;The maximum radius of turn of the feeding gate 63 is equal to first rotary shaft in place The distance of the vertical range of bottom plate 65 immediately below it, first rotary shaft to second rotary shaft is equal to described second The radius of turn of rotating part 632;The top plate 64, the bottom plate 65 perpendicular to two connecting plate 66 and are arranged in parallel.
Under natural conditions, first rotating part 631, second rotating part 632 naturally droop, and close the feed hopper 6 channel is influenced when rubbish pours into the feed hopper 6 by rubbish gravity, first rotating part 631, and described Two rotating parts 632 rotate inward, after having toppled over rubbish, if rubbish is relatively more, due to the first rotating part 631 and the second rotating part 632 rotatable connections, can rotate outward the first rotating part 631 makes the second abjection outward of rotating part 632, and then makes second rotation Transfer part 632 will not be killed by rubbish.After the second 632 abjection outward of rotating part, external force is released, due to being influenced by conducting oneself with dignity, First rotating part 631, second rotating part 632 rotate inward and close the feed hopper 6.
In the vertical direction, the setting of deslagging portion 7 collects described first under grey recessed disk 14, including a babinet 71 and one Ash disk 72.The ash disk 72 is arranged inside the babinet 71, and can extract out.The babinet 71 offers hole, makes The ash disk 72 can be connected to the ash fallen from the second slag mouth 141, and connection is offered on the side wall of the babinet 71 Extraneous slag-drip opening 73 is additionally provided with the deslagging lid (figure for being used to open or closing the slag-drip opening 73 on the slag-drip opening 73 It does not indicate).
In the vertical direction, the flue gas storehouse 8 is arranged on the ventilation necking 122.Described 8 one end of flue gas storehouse and institute The connection of inner cylinder 12 is stated, the other end is in communication with the outside, and the one end being in communication with the outside is additionally provided with a fire cover (figure does not indicate), and bottom is set It is equipped with moving grate 81.After rubbish is put into the inner cylinder 12, people can be lighted a fire by opening described fire cover;When Combustible is relatively more and when described fire cover is closed in the rubbish of burning, and the inner cavity in the flue gas storehouse 8 can store a part The imflammable gas that rubbish imperfect combustion generates;When rubbish is after burning after a period of time or since rubbish itself is relatively more mixed Miscellaneous, the calorific value of different rubbish is different, causes the reduction of combustible, is stored in the imflammable gas of 8 inner cavity of flue gas storehouse at this time The burning of the inner cylinder 12 is gone successively to, plays the role of stablizing the flame in the waste incinerator.The moving grate 81 can It to block the incombustible rubbish of bulk, and is extracted out from the flue gas storehouse 8, people is facilitated to clear up the waste incinerator.It is excellent Selection of land, in vertical direction, the flue gas storehouse 8 be located under the junction of the feed hopper 6 and the inner cylinder 12 or with even Place is met to maintain an equal level.
In use, rubbish is poured into the waste incinerator from the feed hopper 6, and due to gravity, the open-top institute of rubbish The inner cylinder 12 that feeding gate 63 falls into the lower furnace body 1 along the feed hopper 6 is stated, then opening point fire cover uses charcoal or gasoline Rubbish is lighted, wind turbine 5 is opened when incineration firing is more stable and is supplied, a fire cover is then shut.At the same time it is helped described in opening The valve of burner 16 pours into combustion adjuvant according to the quantity of refuse of required burning into the combustion-supporting 16.Due to solid fireproof object Blocking, combustion adjuvant slow evaporation during waste incineration, into the inner cylinder 12 inner cavity burn, so that the rubbish is burnt The temperature burnt in stove can be stablized on all burning points containing different combustible rubbishes, ensure that rubbish is burnt in waste incinerator It dryouies net.Simultaneously as being provided with the combustion-supporting 16 in the waste incinerator, the stove of the waste incinerator is improved Temperature makes the furnace temperature of the waste incinerator be higher than the temperature of common burning disposal, so that incineration firing is generated bioxin and divides completely Solution reduces harmful other discharges.
The wind turbine enters preheating space from 6 side exhausting of the feed hopper, ventilation space is then entered back into, finally from described Air inlet 1221, the ventilation mouth 1232 and the first slag mouth 1231 enter the inner cylinder 12, on the one hand can dry rubbish Rubbish on the other hand since air is preheated, and then improves furnace temperature, while also being supplied oxygen to the inner cylinder 12, ensure that rubbish The normal combustion of rubbish.
Since ingredient is multifarious in the rubbish that inner cylinder 12 burns, such as the light object of this kind of comparison of paper is easy do not having Have and directly escape waste incinerator with ascending air when completely burned, the vapor that the inner water-tank 13 generates after heated is attached It in this kind of comparison of paper on light and not completely burned object, increases the weight of object, these objects is made to fall again It falls in the inner cylinder 12 and re-starts burning.Meanwhile in the horizontal plane, due to the first of the underlying first recessed disk 211 The projection of ash-falling hole 2111 is fallen in the projection of the recessed disk of the second collection ash 15, and with the projection of first ash port 151 It is not overlapped, so that rising flame is increased resistance during rising, and make a part of imperfect combustion due to increasing resistance Particle, which is fallen, to be collected described second on grey recessed disk 15, and then is slid in the inner cylinder 12 and continued to burn.
When rising flame rises to heat exchange dust processor 21, since the heat exchange dust processor 21 will rise flame Thermal energy pass to fresh charge, so that the energy of ascending air is reduced, and due to ascending air pass through the heat exchange dust Pressure reduces suddenly after processor 21, make a part of not exclusively particle fall 21 upper surface of heat exchange dust processor and to Lower landing re-starts burning.
When rising flame and rising to the recessed disk dust processor 22, by the recessed disk dust processor 22 into one Step processing, further reduces the content of imperfect combustion particle.
Finally when the air-flow of rising enters the smoke exhaust pipe 3, since the tube side circulation area of the smoke exhaust pipe 3 is more than institute The sum of minimum flow area and 33 area of the deflector hole of necking 32 are stated, and then air-flow is made to be pressed after entering the smoke exhaust pipe 3 Power reduces;When the smoke exhaust pipe 3 is vertically arranged on the incinerator, the imperfect combustion particle in air-flow is detached with air-flow And slid from the necking 32, the generation of imperfect combustion particle is reduced, makes smoke exhaust pipe 3 that coloured flue gas will not be discharged.
After waste incineration is complete, the valve of the wind turbine 5 and the combustion-supporting 16 is closed, makes the combustion-supporting 16 will not Tempering phenomenon occurs.
Lime-ash after incineration firing falls the deslagging lid that the deslagging portion 7 can be opened in the bottom of lower furnace body 1, passes through The ash disk 72 for extracting deslagging portion 7 out takes out lime-ash.
Fig. 6 is please referred to, in second of embodiment of the present invention, air inlet card is additionally provided in the inner cylinder 12 Position pipe 9, the air inlet card bit pipe includes manifold 91 and three manifolds 92;Described three manifolds, 92 one end connects with the ventilation space 17 Logical, the other end is connected to the manifold 91;The 91 top sides the manifold offer stomata 911, and the stomata 911 is back to described 61 direction of feed inlet;A manifold 92 is higher than other two manifold 92, in the horizontal direction, position highest in three manifold 92 Manifold 92 towards 61 direction of the feed inlet;In vertical direction, in addition the highest manifold in two manifolds 92 and position 92 is staggered, And it is located at the both sides of the highest manifold in position 92;The wind turbine 5 sucks fresh charge and enters the ventilation space 17 simultaneously And inner cylinder is entered by the stomata 911.Preferably, in the horizontal direction, the highest manifold in position 92 respectively with it is in addition not tally Angle between pipe 92 is 15 ° to 90 °.In the present embodiment, between the highest manifold 92 in position and other two manifold 92 Angle is 60 °.
When rubbish pours into above-mentioned waste incinerator, due to the influence of the air inlet card bit pipe 9, rubbish is from above-mentioned charging The outlet manifold of bucket 6 avoids the problem of most of space of inner cylinder 12 fails full utilization to the both sides of above-mentioned inner cylinder 12.Simultaneously The inner cylinder 12 is stretched into due to the manifold 91 and is supplied to the inner cylinder 12, the height of flame kernel is increased, improves Furnace temperature increases the stability of incineration firing.
The present invention enters furnace body by the way that the wind turbine 5 is arranged from 6 air draught of the feed hopper, and the stink of rubbish itself is avoided to escape It comes out of the stove outer, and the inner water-tank 13 and the heat exchange dust processor 21 is provided with for handling with flame gas in furnace interior The imperfect combustion particle risen is flowed, imperfect combustion particle passes through the inner water-tank 13 and the heat exchange dust processor 21 Sedimentation be slipped to combustion chamber again and burn, while being additionally provided with the combustion-supporting 16 of stable incineration firing, rubbish made to obtain One environment for stablizing burning, reduces the generation of imperfect combustion particle;And the feed hopper 6 due to being obliquely installed and lean on rubbish Rubbish gravity and the feeding gate 63 of its own gravity folding, make labourer reduce manual labor.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, it is all the present invention suggested by technical spirit under completed same changes or modifications change, should all belong to In the covered the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of waste incinerator, including furnace body, wind turbine, it is characterised in that:The waste incinerator further includes feed hopper, built-in Water tank, combustion-supporting and heat exchange dust processor;
The feed hopper is connected to the air inlet of the wind turbine, and the exhaust outlet of the wind turbine is connected to the furnace body;The charging Bucket is connected to the furnace body, forms the channel that rubbish is supplied to the furnace body;
Two connecting plates and feeding gate of the feed hopper includes top plate, is obliquely installed bottom plate, the connection top plate and bottom plate, And the feed inlet is offered, the feeding gate includes the first rotating part and the second rotating part;First rotating part with wherein One connecting plate or two connecting plate rotatable connection, rotary shaft are the first rotary shaft;First rotating part is revolved with described second Transfer part is rotatably connected, and rotary shaft is the second rotary shaft, and first rotary shaft, second rotary shaft, the bottom plate are mutually flat Row;
The heat exchange dust processor is arranged in the furnace interior, including two first recessed disks and several connecting tubes;Described two One recessed disk is arranged in the same direction, wherein one first recessed disk is located on the another first recessed disk, the upper surface for the first recessed disk being located above From the outside to the core diagonally downward;The first ash-falling hole is offered respectively among described two first recessed disks, and tap hole, institute are offered on side wall Several connecting tubes are stated to be arranged between described two first recessed disks;First ash-falling hole of described two first recessed disks is connected by a connecting tube Logical, the tap hole of described two first recessed disks is connected to by remaining connecting tube;
A heat transfer space is formed between the furnace body, the two first recessed disk, several connecting tubes, underlying first is recessed Disk forms combustion chamber with the furnace body;The wind turbine sucks fresh momentum from the feed hopper and is sent into the heat transfer space and most Enter combustion chamber eventually;
The inner water-tank is arranged within the furnace body, with combustion chamber, is connected to outside, and with the furnace body inner cavity Vapor outlet is offered on the babinet of connection;
The combustion-supporting both ends offer port respectively, and the two port connections, wherein one end is filled with the solid with gap Fire proofing simultaneously stretches into the inner cylinder, and another port is stretched out outside stove for adding combustion adjuvant.
2. a kind of waste incinerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First rotary shaft and the top plate phase Patch, the radius of turn of first rotating part are less than first rotary shaft to the distance of the bottom plate.
3. a kind of waste incinerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First rotary shaft and the top plate phase Patch, the distance of the radius of turn of first rotating part no more than first rotary shaft to the bottom plate.
4. a kind of waste incinerator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The radius of turn of second rotating part is little In the distance of first rotary shaft to the bottom plate.
5. a kind of waste incinerator as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The maximum radius of turn of the feeding gate is equal to Vertical range of first rotary shaft to the bottom plate immediately below it.
6. a kind of waste incinerator as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:First rotary shaft is rotated to described second The distance of axis is equal to the radius of turn of second rotating part.
7. a kind of waste incinerator as described in any in claim 1-6, it is characterised in that:The top plate, the bottom plate hang down Directly in two connecting plate.
8. a kind of waste incinerator as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The top plate is arranged in parallel with the bottom plate.
9. a kind of waste incinerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vapor outlet is opened in described Set the side of water tank.
10. a kind of waste incinerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The U-shaped structure of combustion-supporting, it is described solid Body fire proofing includes glass fibre, asbestos, sand, lime.
CN201610394240.3A 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of waste incinerator Active CN105889939B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006170472A (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-29 Wako Kikai Kogyo Kk Outside air isolation charging device for incinerator
CN102809160A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-12-05 钱尧翎 Improved structure for smoke-proof door
CN102980193A (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-03-20 娄卡奔新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Garbage incinerating exhaust gas using environment-friendly and energy-saving device
CN105003922A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-10-28 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司 Smoke discharge system of household garbage incinerator
CN105090968A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-25 广西秀美壮乡能源环保有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105258131A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 朱肖州 Environment-friendly efficient waste incinerator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006170472A (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-29 Wako Kikai Kogyo Kk Outside air isolation charging device for incinerator
CN102980193A (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-03-20 娄卡奔新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Garbage incinerating exhaust gas using environment-friendly and energy-saving device
CN102809160A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-12-05 钱尧翎 Improved structure for smoke-proof door
CN105003922A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-10-28 贺州泰榕环卫设施有限公司 Smoke discharge system of household garbage incinerator
CN105090968A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-25 广西秀美壮乡能源环保有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105258131A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 朱肖州 Environment-friendly efficient waste incinerator

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Patentee before: Baise Ruicheng Technology Co., Ltd.