CN104948716B - A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission - Google Patents

A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104948716B
CN104948716B CN201510381518.9A CN201510381518A CN104948716B CN 104948716 B CN104948716 B CN 104948716B CN 201510381518 A CN201510381518 A CN 201510381518A CN 104948716 B CN104948716 B CN 104948716B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
motor
power
main tank
input shaft
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510381518.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104948716A (en
Inventor
彭增雄
胡纪滨
李学良
苑士华
李雪原
荆崇波
罗章
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北京理工大学
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Priority to CN201510381518.9A priority Critical patent/CN104948716B/en
Publication of CN104948716A publication Critical patent/CN104948716A/en
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Publication of CN104948716B publication Critical patent/CN104948716B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/02Gearboxes; Mounting gearing therein
    • F16H57/023Mounting or installation of gears or shafts in the gearbox casing, e.g. methods or means for assembly
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/44Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/0004Transmissions for multiple ratios comprising a power take off shaft
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/0021Transmissions for multiple ratios specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2306/00Shifting

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission, and the speed changer is inputted using two motors as power, passes through the reasonable Arrangement covered to fixed shaft gear and gearshift tooth, it is ensured that power is not interrupted in shift process;By motor active accommodation speed difference motor is operated in appropriate operation interval in shift process simultaneously, meets city bus and frequently start to walk, the special operation condition requirement of parking.The manual transmission includes:Motor A, motor B, gearbox main tank module, decelerator module and output shaft.Its operation principle is:Motor A and motor B power respectively input gearbox main tank module by an input shaft.Gearbox main tank module realizes the gear of 5 matchings respectively by many free fixed axis gear mechanism coupled motor A and motor B power.Decelerator module realizes that further reduction of speed increases and turns round function.

Description

A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of manual transmission, and in particular to a kind of double-motor power manual transmission, belongs to power transmission Field.

Background technology

In face of increasingly serious environmental pollution and energy crisis, energy-conserving and environment-protective turn into the important directions of development of automobile, city Public transit vehicle becomes a most important part for urban transportation as city automobile important component.And traditional cities are public Vehicle is handed over, as fuel, pollution to be caused to urban air typically using diesel oil.With the rapid increase of China's car ownership, So that situation of the automobile in city operations is to loiter, speed is not high, and pure electric automobile more adapts to this operating mode.Pure electricity Dynamic city bus is the vehicle using electric power as the energy, is engaged in the work such as communications and transportation, with no pollution, zero-emission and reduction The advantages of energy cost.To improve the gear range of pure electric urban bus motor, the power utilization of motor is improved Rate or Effec-tive Function are interval, and main drive motor often matches many gear AMT gearboxes, but there is power interruption in shift process, Not the problems such as shifting comfort is not good enough.

Patent CN202319954U is disclosed in a kind of double-motor power coupling driving device, the drive device using double During motor is shifted gears, it is impossible to ensure that shifting power is not interrupted;Patent CN102959210A discloses a kind of pair of clutch speed-changing Device, although ensure that power is not interrupted in shift process in structure, the driving of its single motor used makes it in underload It is less efficient.

The content of the invention

In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission, ensure that order shift process Middle power is unbroken simultaneously, it is ensured that it is in underload, and motor also has the operation interval of a more efficient.

The longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission includes:Motor A, motor B, gearbox main tank module, decelerator Module and output shaft.

The gearbox main tank module is arranged using four-axle type, i.e., including input shaft A, input shaft B, jackshaft and gearbox Main tank output shaft;The power that wherein described input shaft A is used for motor A is inputted, and the power that input shaft B is used for motor B is inputted; In addition, the gearbox main tank module includes four pairs of gear mesh and five gearshift tooth sets.

Its annexation is:The input shaft A covers coaxial empty set on gearbox main tank output shaft by tooth of shifting gears;It is described Jackshaft covers coaxial empty set on input shaft B by tooth of shifting gears, and the input shaft B is parallel with input shaft A;The input shaft A Connect gear A;From power intake:Gear F and gear H are connected with turn on the input shaft B, on the jackshaft Gear B and gear D are sequentially connected, wherein the gear B is engaged with the gear A;Gear C, gear E, gear G respectively pass through one Shift gears tooth set successively empty set on gearbox main tank output shaft;Wherein described gear C is engaged with gear D, and gear E is nibbled with gear F Close, gear G is engaged with gear H;The clutch end of the gearbox main tank output shaft passes through decelerator module and output shaft phase Even;

The decelerator module is used to carry out the power received reduction of speed increasing torsion.

The decelerator module includes:Gear ring, planet carrier and sun gear;The power of the wherein gearbox main tank output shaft Output end is connected with the planet row sun gear, and the gear ring is connected on gear box, the planet carrier and output shaft phase Even.Beneficial effect:

(1) manual transmission is inputted using two motors as power, passes through the conjunction covered to fixed shaft gear and gearshift tooth Removing the work is put, and makes speed changer keep power not interrupt in order shift process, it is possible to increase the power performance of vehicle.

(2) in shift process, two motor coordinate control, and active accommodation speed difference causes electronic function is operated in appropriate Operation interval in, lifted power performance, improve shift quality, improve vehicle fuel economy, meet city bus frequent Starting, the special operation condition requirement of parking.

(3) using motor as power source, motor can provide electronic gear reversing function, eliminate reverse gear pair, Improve the compactness of gear mechanism.

(4) Dual-motors Driving, light hours, with a motor, during high load capacity, with two motors are used, it is possible to increase electricity Machine high efficiency range.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 is longitudinal 1 grade of power flow chart of double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme;

Fig. 3 is longitudinal 2 grades of power flow charts of double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme;

Fig. 4 is longitudinal 3 grades of power flow charts of double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme;

Fig. 5 is longitudinal 4 grades of power flow charts of double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme;

Fig. 6 is longitudinal 5 grades of power flow charts of double-motor power manual transmission transmission scheme.

Wherein:1- motor A, 2- motor B, 3- input shaft A, 4- input shaft B, 5- gear A, 6- gear Bs, in the middle of 7- Axle, 8- gearshift tooth set A, 9- gearshift tooth set B, 10- gear C, 11- gear Ds, 12- gearbox main tanks output shaft, 13- gearshift tooth sets C, 14- gear E, 15- gear F, 16- gearshift tooth set D, 17- gearshift tooth set E, 18- gear G, 19- gear H, 20- gear ring, 21- rows Carrier, 22- sun gears, 23- output shafts, 100- gearbox main tanks module, 200- decelerator modules.

Embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.

The present embodiment provides a kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission, and the speed changer is defeated as power using two motors Enter, to the reasonable Arrangement of fixed shaft gear and gearshift tooth set, keep power not interrupt in shift process;Simultaneously in shift process By motor active accommodation speed difference motor is operated in appropriate operation interval, meets city bus and frequently start to walk, The special operation condition requirement of parking.

The manual transmission includes:Motor A1, motor B2, gearbox main tank module 100, decelerator module 200 with And output shaft 23, as shown in Figure 1.

Wherein gearbox main tank module 100 includes four pairs of gear mesh (being respectively gear A-gear H) and five gearshift tooth sets (respectively shift gears tooth set A- gearshift tooth sets E).The gearbox main tank module 100 arranged using four-axle type, i.e. input shaft A3, defeated Enter axle B4, jackshaft 7 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12;Wherein input shaft A3 is used for the power input for realizing motor A1, defeated Entering axle B4 is used to realize that motor B2 power to be inputted.Its annexation is:The input shaft A3 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12 is coaxially arranged, and input shaft A3 covers A8 empty sets on gearbox main tank output shaft 12 by tooth of shifting gears.Input shaft B4 and jackshaft 7 Coaxially arranged and parallel and input shaft A3, jackshaft 7 covers C13 empty sets on input shaft B4 by tooth of shifting gears.The input shaft A3 Connect gear A5;From power intake:Gear F15 and gear H19 are connected with turn on the input shaft B4, in described Gear B 6 and gear D 11 are sequentially connected on countershaft 7, wherein gear B 6 is engaged with the gear A 5.From power intake, gear C10 by shift gears tooth cover B9, gear E14 by shift gears tooth cover D16, gear G18 by shift gears tooth cover E17 successively empty set in speed change On case main tank output shaft 12.Wherein described gear C 10 is engaged with gear D 11, and gear E14 is engaged with gear F15, gear G18 with Gear H19 is engaged.The clutch end of the gearbox main tank output shaft 12 is connected with decelerator module 200.

The decelerator module 200 includes:Gear ring 20, planet carrier 21 and sun gear 22.Wherein gearbox main tank output shaft 12 clutch end is connected with planet row sun gear 22, and gear ring 20 is connected on gear box, gearbox planet rows of planetary Frame 21 is connected with output shaft 23.

The operation principle of the manual transmission is:Motor A1 and motor B2 power respectively by its input shaft A3 and Input shaft B4 input gearbox main tanks module 100.Gearbox main tank module 100 is coupled electronic by many free fixed axis gear mechanisms Machine A1 and motor B2 power, realize the gear of 5 matchings respectively.Decelerator module 200 is realized that further reduction of speed increases and turned round Function.

The order shift process and the power flow under each gear of the speed changer be:

(1) 1 gear

Now, gearshift tooth set C13 and gearshift tooth set E17 work, that is, shift gears tooth set C13 combinations jackshaft 7 and input shaft B4, Tooth of shifting gears covers E17 combination gears G18 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12.Power flow under the gear is:Motor A1 power Gear A 5 is transferred to by input shaft A3, gear A 5 is engaged with gear B 6, and then is transferred to input shaft B4 by gear B 6.Transmission Power to input shaft B4 is with after motor B2 power coupling, sequentially passing through gear H19 and gear G18 being transferred to gearbox master Case output shaft 12, is exported to output shaft 23 after the deceleration increasing torsion for eventually passing decelerator module 200;As shown in Figure 2.

(2) 2 gears

When changing 2 gear from 1 gear, two motors persistently export power, and the tooth set C13 that shifts gears is stopped, jackshaft 7 and input Axle B4 departs from;The tooth set B9 that shifts gears works, that is, shift gears tooth set B9 combination gears C10 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12.Due to gearshift During, gearshift tooth set E17 continuous firings, motor B2 power sequentially passes through gear H19 and gear G18 is transferred to gearbox Main tank output shaft 12, so as to ensure that power is not interrupted in shift process.

Power flow under the gear is:Motor A1 power is transferred to gear A 5 by input shaft A3, and then leads to successively Gear B 6, gear D 11 and gear C 10 is crossed to be input on gearbox main tank output shaft 12;And coupling sequentially passes through input shaft B4, tooth Wheel H19 and gear G18 is input to after the motor B2 of gearbox main tank output shaft 12 power, by decelerator module 200 Slow down to increase and turn round output to output shaft 23, as shown in Figure 3.

(3) 3 gears

When changing 3 gear from 2 gears, two motors persistently export power, and gearshift tooth set E17 is stopped, gear G18 and gearbox Main tank output shaft 12 departs from;The tooth set D16 that shifts gears works, combination gear E14 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12.Due to shift process In, gearshift tooth set B9 continuous firings, motor A1 power is transferred to gear A 5 by input shaft A3, and then passes sequentially through gear B6, gear D 11 and gear C 10 are input on gearbox main tank output shaft 12, so as to ensure that power is not interrupted in shift process.

Power flow under the gear is:Motor A1 power is transferred to gear A 5 by input shaft A3, and then leads to successively Gear B 6, gear D 11 and gear C 10 is crossed to be input on gearbox main tank output shaft 12;And coupling sequentially passes through input shaft B4, tooth Wheel F15 and gear E14 is input to after the motor B2 of gearbox main tank output shaft 12 power, by decelerator module 200 Slow down to increase and turn round output to output shaft 23, as shown in Figure 4.

(4) 4 gears

When changing 4 gear from 3 gears, two motors persistently export power, and gearshift tooth set B9 is stopped, gear C 10 and gearbox Main tank output shaft 12 departs from;The tooth set A8 that shifts gears works, that is, shift gears tooth set A8 combination input shaft A3 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12. Because in shift process, gearshift tooth set D16 continuous firings, motor B2 power sequentially passes through input shaft B4, gear F15 and tooth Wheel E14 is input to gearbox main tank output shaft 12, so as to ensure that power is not interrupted in shift process.

Power flow under the gear is:Motor A1 power is directly inputted to gearbox main tank by input shaft 3 and exported On axle 12, and coupling sequentially passes through input shaft B4, gear F15 and gear E14 and is input to the electronic of gearbox main tank output shaft 12 After machine B2 power, the deceleration by becoming decelerator module 200, which increases, turns round output to output shaft 23, as shown in Figure 5.

(5) 5 gears

When changing 5 gear from 4 gears, two motors persistently export power, and gearshift tooth set D16 is stopped, gear E14 and gearbox Main tank output shaft 12 departs from;The tooth set C13 that shifts gears works, that is, shift gears tooth set C13 combinations jackshaft 7 and gearbox main tank output shaft 12.Because in shift process, gearshift tooth set A8 continuous firings, motor A1 power is directly inputted to speed change by input shaft 3 On case main tank output shaft 12, so as to ensure that power is not interrupted in shift process.

Power flow under the gear is:Motor A1 power is inputted by input shaft A3, and coupling sequentially passes through input Axle B4, jackshaft 7, gear B 6, gear A 5 are input to after the power of the motor B2 on input shaft A3, are directly inputted to speed change On case main tank output shaft 12, eventually pass decelerator module 200 deceleration increase turn round after export to output shaft 23, as shown in Figure 6.

In summary, presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is these are only, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission, it is characterised in that including:Motor A (1), motor B (2), speed change Case main tank module (100), decelerator module (200) and output shaft (23);
The gearbox main tank module (100) is arranged using four-axle type, i.e., including input shaft A (3), input shaft B (4), jackshaft And gearbox main tank output shaft (12) (7);The power that wherein described input shaft A (3) is used for motor A (1) is inputted, input shaft B (4) power for motor B (2) is inputted;In addition, the gearbox main tank module (100) includes four pairs of gear mesh and five Gearshift tooth set;
Its annexation is:The input shaft A (3) covers coaxial empty set on gearbox main tank output shaft (12) by tooth of shifting gears; The jackshaft (7) covers coaxial empty set on input shaft B (4) by tooth of shifting gears, and the input shaft B (4) is parallel to input shaft A (3);Input shaft A (3) the connection gear A (5);From power intake:It is sequentially connected on the input shaft B (4) with teeth F (15) and gear H (19) is taken turns, gear B (6) and gear D (11) are sequentially connected on the jackshaft (7), wherein the gear B (6) engaged with the gear A (5);Gear C (10), gear E (14), gear G (18) respectively pass through a gearshift tooth set successively empty set On gearbox main tank output shaft (12);Wherein described gear C (10) is engaged with gear D (11), gear E (14) and gear F (15) engage, gear G (18) is engaged with gear H (19);The clutch end of the gearbox main tank output shaft (12) is by subtracting Fast device module (200) is connected with output shaft (23);
The decelerator module (200) is used to carry out the power received reduction of speed increasing torsion.
2. longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the decelerator module (200) include:Gear ring (20), planet carrier (21) and sun gear (22);The power of wherein described gearbox main tank output shaft (12) Output end is connected with the sun gear (22), and the gear ring (20) is connected on gear box, the planet carrier (21) with it is defeated Shaft (23) is connected.
CN201510381518.9A 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission CN104948716B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201510381518.9A CN104948716B (en) 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510381518.9A CN104948716B (en) 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 A kind of longitudinal double-motor power manual transmission

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CN104948716B true CN104948716B (en) 2017-09-05

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106907468B (en) * 2015-12-23 2019-04-30 上海汽车集团股份有限公司 Gearbox and automobile
CN105508522A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-04-20 西安法士特汽车传动有限公司 Double-input-power-convergence direct gearshift transmission and gearshift method
CN105927714B (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-06-30 南京越博动力系统股份有限公司 The drive system and its gear-shifting control method of a kind of bi-motor twin shaft input gearbox
CN106382349A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-02-08 天津天海同步集团有限公司 Double-motor compact transmission without power failure
CN107571726A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-12 陕西法士特齿轮有限责任公司 High speed pure electric automobile external toothing variable ratio drive system
CN107588156A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-16 陕西法士特齿轮有限责任公司 High speed pure electric automobile planetary gear variable ratio drive system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101451596B (en) * 2007-12-04 2012-01-11 艾晓林 Bimodule type electromechanical non-stage transmission
DE102011005451A1 (en) * 2011-03-11 2012-09-13 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Hybrid drive of a motor vehicle and method for controlling a hybrid drive
CN103587396B (en) * 2013-11-29 2017-01-04 吉林大学 A kind of electric automobile bi-motor coupling drive system
CN104633020A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-20 吉林大学 Double-motor four-gear gearbox for electric car and gear shifting control method of double-motor four-gear gearbox
CN204628445U (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-09 吉林大学 The wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear

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