CN204628445U - The wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear - Google Patents

The wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204628445U
CN204628445U CN201520347905.6U CN201520347905U CN204628445U CN 204628445 U CN204628445 U CN 204628445U CN 201520347905 U CN201520347905 U CN 201520347905U CN 204628445 U CN204628445 U CN 204628445U
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China
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gear
synchronizer
duplicate
tooth
duplicate gear
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CN201520347905.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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岳汉奇
高炳钊
陈虹
包凯
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear, six gears and power failure-free is achieved when using less number of spare parts, solve that existing mechanical automatic gearbox structural elements is many, Heavy Weight, volume are large, in shift process, there is the problem of power interruption, it also avoid high technology threshold and the high cost of double-clutch automatic gearbox (DCT) simultaneously.Also provided is three kinds of improvement projects: on the basis of former scheme, increase an idle pulley and a gear can increase by one and reverse gear; By increasing a clutch and two gears achieve increase forward gear; Achieve mixed power drive by increasing a synchronizer and input shaft, and three gears can be provided for motor.

Description

The wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of automobile transmission.
Background technique
A development trend of modern vehicle is miniaturization, lightweight, to reach saving oil consumption, and the object of emissions reduction.The minimizing of gearbox volume and weight has very great help for the reduction cost of gearbox self and the fuel economy of lifting vehicle.
Mechanical automatic gearbox, with hand gear box foundation, by increase shift-selecting and changing actuating mechanism and clutch actuating mechanism and corresponding sensor and control unit, realizes self shifter.Mechanical automatic gearbox low cost of manufacture, transmission efficiency is high, is a direction of present stage gearbox development.
Existing machinery formula automatic transmission case, for realizing six gears, needs six pairs of gears, adopts triple axle or two-axis layout, and whole gearbox takes up space comparatively large, and heavier-weight, gear utilization ratio is low.As adopted two-stage transmission, for realizing six gears, needing six pairs of gears, three synchronizers, if need to increase gear reversing function, needing extra increase by two gears, a synchronizer.If employing single-stage driving, then needing six pairs of gears equally, three synchronizers, for realizing gear reversing function, needing an extra increase gear, a synchronizer.If adopt triple axle single-stage driving, then needing three transmission shafts, 5 pairs of gears, three synchronizers, for realizing gear reversing function, then needing additionally to increase by two gears, a synchronizer.
Summary of the invention
The problem that existing mechanical automatic gearbox structural elements is many in order to solve, Heavy Weight, volume large, gear utilization ratio is low.The utility model proposes the wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear, mainly comprise: input shaft 1, duplicate gear A (left tooth 2, right tooth 3), duplicate gear B (left tooth 5, right tooth 6), duplicate gear C (left tooth 11, right tooth 10), output shaft 7, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer II 9, synchronizer III 12, gear I 8 and gear II 13.
Duplicate gear A and the equal empty set of duplicate gear B are on input shaft 1, and synchronizer I 4 is between duplicate gear A and duplicate gear B and be connected with input shaft 1; Gear I 8, gear II 13 and the equal empty set of duplicate gear C are on output shaft 7, and synchronizer III 12 is between gear II 13 with the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C and be connected with output shaft 7, and synchronizer II 9 is between duplicate gear C and gear I 8 and be connected with output shaft 7.
The left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A engages with gear II 13, and the right tooth of duplicate gear A 3 engages with the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, and the left tooth of duplicate gear B 5 engages with the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, and the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B engages with gear I 8 with duplicate gear.
Wherein, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer III 12 have three location statuss: intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state.Synchronizer II 9 has two location statuss: intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected to the right state.
Its six gears provided drive connection as follows:
When gearbox 1 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected left, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
When gearbox 2 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected left, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
When gearbox 3 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
When gearbox 4 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer III 12 mediates state, synchronizer II 9 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, gear I 8, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
When gearbox 5 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
When gearbox 6 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer III 12 mediates state, synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, gear I 8, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
In addition, the utility model additionally provides following several further improved plan:
Improvement project one:
Former technological scheme basis increases idle pulley 14 and gear III 15, and synchronizer II 9 increases the state that is slidably connected left.Gear III 15 empty set engages with gear 5 and gear III 15 on output shaft 7, and it is middle with gear III 15 that idle pulley 14 is positioned at gear 5.When synchronizer II 9 be in be slidably connected state left time, gear III 15 is combined with output shaft 7.This preferred version can make this gearbox increase the gear that reverses gear on original six gear bases.
When gearbox is for reversing gear, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 mediates, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected left.The power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, and through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, idle pulley 14, gear III 15, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
Improvement project two:
Former technological scheme basis increases gear IV 16, clutch compressing disc 17, clutch friction plate 18 and gear V 19.Gear IV 16 empty set is on input shaft 1, and clutch compressing disc 17 is connected with gear IV 16, and clutch friction plate 18 is connected with input shaft 1.Gear V 19 is connected on output shaft 7, and gear IV 16 engages with gear V 19.The gear IV 16 increased, clutch compressing disc 17, clutch friction plate 18, gear V 19 can make gearbox, in shift process, power interruption phenomenon can not occur, and gearbox can be made on six gear bases to increase i.e. 7 gears of a high gear gear simultaneously.
When gearbox 7 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and clutch compressing disc 17 is combined with clutch friction plate 18, the power that power source exports is by input shaft 1, clutch friction plate 18, clutch compressing disc 17, gear IV 16, gear V 19, is delivered to output shaft 7.
Improvement project three:
Former technological scheme basis increases synchronizer IV 20 and input electric motor shaft 21, and synchronizer IV 20 is connected by free-sliding spline with input electric motor shaft 21.Synchronizer IV 20 also has three location statuss and intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state.Synchronizer IV 20 mediate state time, input electric motor shaft 21 is not connected with output shaft 7 and gear I 8.When synchronizer IV 20 is in and is slidably connected state left, input electric motor shaft 21 is combined with gear I 8, synchronizer IV 20 be in the right bonding state time, input electric motor shaft 21 is combined with output shaft 7.Input shaft 1 is connected with motor, the input electric motor shaft 21 increased is connected with motor, the pure motoring of vehicle and motor and motor combination drive can be realized, can ensure that gearbox power interruption can not occur in shift process under combination drive pattern simultaneously.For motor provides 6 gears in the program, for motor provides 3 gears.
When motor I keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is in the state that is slidably connected left, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 mediate state, the power that motor exports is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, through synchronizer IV 20, gear I 8, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, is delivered to output shaft 7.
When motor II keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer I 4, and synchronizer II 9 and synchronizer III 12 mediate state, motor outputting power is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, is delivered to output shaft 7 through synchronizer IV 20.
When motor III keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected left, and synchronizer III 12 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 mediate state, the power that motor exports is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, through synchronizer IV 20, gear I 8, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is delivered to output shaft 7.
Advantage of the present utility model is as follows:
1. keep off with existing six compared with gearbox, the utility model gear quantity is less, and therefore gearbox cost is low, and volume, weight are less, therefore can reduce vehicle oil consumption.
2. improvement project one of the present utility model on the basis not increasing synchronizer quantity, by means of only increase by two gears, can realize gear reversing function.
3. improvement project two of the present utility model can realize gearbox in shift process, there will not be power interruption phenomenon.
4. improvement project three of the present utility model can realize the power coupling of motor and motor, can provide six gears for motor, and for motor provides three gears, and under can ensureing combination drive pattern, gearshift there will not be power interruption phenomenon.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 2 is the lower power transmission line of 1 gear of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 3 is the lower power transmission line of 2 gears of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 4 is the lower power transmission line of 3 gears of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 5 is the lower power transmission line of 4 gears of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 6 is the lower power transmission line of 5 gears of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 7 is the lower power transmission line of 6 gears of the utility model embodiment 1
Fig. 8 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 2
Fig. 9 is that the utility model embodiment 2 is reversed gear lower power transmission line
Figure 10 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 3
Figure 11 is the power transmission line of 7 gears of the utility model embodiment 3
Figure 12 is the structure of the utility model embodiment 4
Figure 13 is that the motor I of the utility model embodiment 4 keeps off power transmission line
Figure 14 is that the motor II of the utility model embodiment 4 keeps off power transmission line
Figure 15 is that the motor III of the utility model embodiment 4 keeps off power transmission line
Mark in above accompanying drawing is as follows: input shaft 1, the left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, output shaft 7, gear I 8, synchronizer II 9, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, gear II 13, idle pulley 14, gear III 15, gear IV 16, clutch compressing disc 17, clutch friction plate 18, gear V 19, synchronizer IV 20 and input electric motor shaft 21.
Embodiment
In conjunction with Figure of description specific explanations, the technical solution of the utility model is described by way of example below.
Fig. 1 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 1, in the utility model embodiment 1, duplicate gear A (left tooth 2, right tooth 3) empty set is on input shaft 1, duplicate gear B (left tooth 5, right tooth 6) empty set is on input shaft 1, duplicate gear C (left tooth 11, right tooth 10) empty set is on output shaft 7, and gear II 13 and gear I 8 empty set are on output shaft 7.The left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A engages with gear II 13, and the right tooth of duplicate gear A 3 engages with the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, and the left tooth of duplicate gear B 5 engages with the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, and the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B engages with gear I 8 with duplicate gear.
Synchronizer I 4 is between the right tooth of duplicate gear A 3 and the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, and synchronizer III 12 is between gear II 13 and the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, and synchronizer II 9 is between the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C and gear I 8.Synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12 has three location statuss, intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state.Synchronizer II 9 has two location statuss, intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected to the right state.
The utility model embodiment 1 medium power is inputted by input shaft 1, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 2 is the lower power transmission line of 1 gear of the utility model embodiment 1, and when gearbox 1 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer II 9 mediates state, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 3 is the lower power transmission line of 2 gears of the utility model embodiment 1, when gearbox 2 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer II 9 mediates state, the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 2 of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 4 is the lower power transmission line of 3 gears of the utility model embodiment 1, when gearbox 3 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer II 9 mediates state, the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 5 is the lower power transmission line of 4 gears of the utility model embodiment 1, when gearbox 4 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 mediates state, and synchronizer II 9 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, gear I 8, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 6 is the lower power transmission line of 5 gears of the utility model embodiment 1, when gearbox 5 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer II 9 mediates state, the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is exported by output shaft 7.
Fig. 7 is the lower power transmission line of 6 gears of the utility model embodiment 1, and when gearbox 6 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 mediates state, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, and the power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, through synchronizer I 4, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, gear I 8, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
Specifically describe shift process below:
When needs are shifted gears, temporarily disconnected power source power inputs, and after gear shifting action completes, power source power re-enters.
When needs rise up into 2 gear from 1 gear, synchronizer I 4 slides left, makes synchronizer I 4 become from the state of being slidably connected to the right the state that is slidably connected left.
When needs rise up into 3 gear from 2 gears, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12 slides to intermediate orientation simultaneously, and then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right.
When needs rise up into 4 gear from 3 gears, synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right.
When needs rise up into 5 gear from 4 gears, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 slide to neutral position, and then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right.
When needs rise up into 6 gear from 5 gears, synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right.
Fig. 8 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 2, and the utility model embodiment 2 increases idle pulley 14 on the basis of embodiment 1, gear III 15.It is middle with gear III 15 that idle pulley 14 is positioned at gear 5, engages with gear 5 and gear III 15.Gear III 15 empty set is on output shaft 7.Synchronizer II 9 increases the state that is slidably connected left, and when synchronizer II 9 is in and is slidably connected state left, gear III 15 is combined with output shaft 7.Increase idle pulley 14, gear III 15 can make gearbox increase the gear that reverses gear on six gear bases.
Fig. 9 is power transmission line under the reversing gear of the utility model embodiment 2, and when gearbox is for reversing gear, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 mediates, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected left.The power that power source exports is inputted by input shaft 1, and through synchronizer I 4, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, idle pulley 14, gear III 15, synchronizer II 9, is exported by output shaft 7.
Figure 10 is the agent structure of the utility model embodiment 3, and the utility model embodiment 3 increases gear IV 16, clutch compressing disc 17, clutch friction plate 18, gear V 19 on the basis of embodiment 1.Gear IV 16 empty set is on input shaft 1, and clutch compressing disc 17 is connected with gear IV 16, and clutch friction plate 18 is connected with input shaft 1.Gear V 19 is connected on output shaft 7, and gear IV 16 engages with gear V 19.The gear IV 16 increased, clutch compressing disc 17, clutch friction plate 18, gear V 19 can make gearbox, in shift process, power interruption phenomenon can not occur, and can make gearbox on six gear bases, increase i.e. 7 gears of a high gear gear simultaneously.
Figure 11 is the power transmission line of 7 gears of embodiment 3, when gearbox 7 keeps off work, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12, synchronizer II 9 mediates state, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined with clutch friction plate 18, and the power that power source exports passes through input shaft 1, clutch friction plate 18, clutch compressing disc 17, gear IV 16, gear V 19, is delivered to output shaft 7.
Introduce the shift process of the utility model embodiment 3 below:
When needs rise up into 2 gear from 1 gear, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports is delivered on output shaft 7 by the 1st gear, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 1st gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 are thrown off gradually, and power source outputting power is transmitted by 2 gears.
When needs rise up into 3 gear from 2 gears, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports is delivered on output shaft 7 by the 2nd gear, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 2nd gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12 slides to intermediate orientation simultaneously, then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 are thrown off gradually, power source outputting power is transmitted by 3 gears.
When needs rise up into 4 gear from 3 gears, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports is delivered on output shaft 7 by the 3rd gear, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 3rd gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 are thrown off gradually, power source outputting power is transmitted by 4 gears.
When needs rise up into 5 gear from 4 gears, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports keeps off gear transmission on output shaft 7 by 4, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 4th gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 slide to neutral position, then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 are thrown off gradually, power source outputting power is transmitted by 5 gears.
When needs rise up into 6 gear from 5 gears, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports keeps off gear transmission on output shaft 7 by 5, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 5th gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 are thrown off gradually, power source outputting power is transmitted by 6 gears.
When needs rise up into 7 gear from 6 gears, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined gradually with clutch friction plate 18, a part of power that power source exports keeps off gear transmission on output shaft 7 by 6, another part power is delivered to output shaft 7 by the 7th gear, along with clutch compressing disc 17 and clutch friction plate 18 combination degree strengthen, the power that power source exports all is transmitted by the 7th gear, the power transmitted by the 6th gear is reduced to zero, after this synchronizer I 4, synchronizer II 9 slides to neutral position, clutch compressing disc 17 is combined completely with clutch friction plate 18, power source outputting power is transmitted by 7 gears.
Dynamicly all the time in above-mentioned shift process to be exported by output shaft 7, in shift process, there is no power interruption.
Figure 12 is the utility model embodiment 4 structure, and embodiment 4 increases synchronizer IV 20 and input electric motor shaft 21 on embodiment 3 basis, and synchronizer IV 20 is connected by free-sliding spline with input electric motor shaft 21.Synchronizer IV 20 also has three location statuss and intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state.Synchronizer IV 20 mediate state time, input electric motor shaft 21 is not connected with output shaft 7 and gear I 8.When synchronizer IV 20 is in and is slidably connected state left, input electric motor shaft 21 is combined with gear I 8, synchronizer IV 20 be in the right bonding state time, input electric motor shaft 21 is combined with output shaft 7.Input shaft 1 is connected with a motor, the input electric motor shaft 21 increased is connected with a motor, the pure motoring of vehicle and motor and motor combination drive can be realized, can ensure that gearbox power interruption can not occur in shift process under combination drive pattern simultaneously.
Under combination drive pattern, embodiment 4 can provide six gears for motor, namely described 1,2,3,4,5,6 gears.
Under pure motor drive mode, embodiment 4 can three gears and motor I keep off, motor II keeps off, motor III gear for motor provides.
Figure 13 is that the utility model embodiment 4 motor I keeps off power transmission line, when motor I keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is in the state that is slidably connected left, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 mediate state, the power that motor exports is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, through synchronizer IV 20, gear I 8, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, the left tooth 11 of duplicate gear C, the right tooth 3 of duplicate gear A, the left tooth of duplicate gear A, gear II 13, synchronizer III 12, be delivered to output shaft 7.
Figure 14 is that the utility model embodiment 4 motor II keeps off power transmission line, when motor II keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer II 9 and synchronizer III 12 mediate state, motor outputting power is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, is delivered to output shaft 7 through synchronizer IV 20.
Figure 15 is that the utility model embodiment 4 motor III keeps off power transmission line, and when motor III keeps off work, synchronizer IV 20 is in the state that is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is in the state that is slidably connected to the right, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 mediate state, and the power that motor exports is inputted by input electric motor shaft 21, through synchronizer IV 20, gear I 8, the right tooth 6 of duplicate gear B, the left tooth 5 of duplicate gear B, the right tooth 10 of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III 12, is delivered to output shaft 7.
The shift process of the motor under combination drive pattern is once described below:
When needs motor rises up into 2 gear from 1 gear, synchronizer IV 20 is slidably connected to the right from current any state, motor outputting power is by input electric motor shaft 21, synchronizer IV 20 is delivered on output shaft 7, then engine stop outputting power, synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, and motor is outputting power again.
When needs motor rises up into 3 gear from 2 gears, synchronizer IV 20 is slidably connected to the right from current any state, motor outputting power is by input electric motor shaft 21, synchronizer IV 20 is delivered on output shaft 7, then engine stop outputting power, synchronizer I 4, synchronizer III 12 slides to intermediate orientation simultaneously, then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected to the right, and synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, and motor is outputting power again.
When needs motor rises up into 4 gear from 3 gears, synchronizer IV 20 is slidably connected to the right from current any state, motor outputting power is by input electric motor shaft 21, synchronizer IV 20 is delivered on output shaft 7, then engine stop outputting power, synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, and motor is outputting power again.
When needs motor rises up into 5 gear from 4 gears, synchronizer IV 20 is slidably connected to the right from current any state, motor outputting power is by input electric motor shaft 21, synchronizer IV 20 is delivered on output shaft 7, then engine stop outputting power, synchronizer I 4 and synchronizer II 9 slide to neutral position, and then synchronizer I 4 is slidably connected left, synchronizer III 12 is slidably connected to the right, and motor is outputting power again.
When needs motor rises up into 6 gear from 5 gears, synchronizer IV 20 is slidably connected to the right from current any state, motor outputting power is by input electric motor shaft 21, synchronizer IV 20 is delivered on output shaft 7, then engine stop outputting power, synchronizer III 12 slides to neutral position, and synchronizer II 9 is slidably connected to the right, and motor is outputting power again.
Under this scheme combination drive pattern, shift process does not have power interruption phenomenon.

Claims (5)

1. the wheeled six gear gearboxes of duplex-gear, mainly comprise: input shaft (1) and output shaft (7), it is characterized in that, it also comprises: duplicate gear A, duplicate gear B, duplicate gear C, synchronizer I (4), synchronizer II (9), synchronizer III (12), gear I (8) and gear II (13);
Duplicate gear A and the equal empty set of duplicate gear B are on input shaft (1), and synchronizer I (4) is between duplicate gear A and duplicate gear B and be connected with input shaft (1); Gear I (8), gear II (13) and the equal empty set of duplicate gear C are on output shaft (7), synchronizer III (12) to be positioned between gear II (13) with the left tooth of duplicate gear C (11) and to be connected with output shaft (7), and synchronizer II (9) to be positioned between duplicate gear C and gear I (8) and to be connected with output shaft (7);
The left tooth of duplicate gear A (2) engages with gear II (13), the right tooth of duplicate gear A (3) engages with the left tooth of duplicate gear C (11), the left tooth of duplicate gear B (5) engages with the right tooth of duplicate gear C (10), and the right tooth of duplicate gear B (6) engages with gear I (8) with duplicate gear;
Wherein, synchronizer I (4) and synchronizer III (12) have three location statuss: intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state; Synchronizer II (9) has two location statuss: intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected to the right state.
2. the wheeled six gear gearboxes of duplex-gear according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it also comprises: idle pulley (14) and gear III (15), and synchronizer II (9) increases the state that is slidably connected left; Gear III (15) empty set above engages with gear (5) and gear III (15) at output shaft (7), and it is middle with gear III (15) that idle pulley (14) is positioned at gear (5); When synchronizer II (9) be in be slidably connected state left time, gear III (15) and output shaft (7) combine.
3. the wheeled six gear gearboxes of duplex-gear according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it also comprises: gear IV (16), clutch compressing disc (17), clutch friction plate (18) and gear V (19); Gear IV (16) empty set is on input shaft (1), and clutch compressing disc (17) is connected with gear IV (16), and clutch friction plate (18) is connected with input shaft (1); Gear V (19) is connected on output shaft (7), and gear IV (16) engages with gear V (19).
4. the wheeled six gear gearboxes of duplex-gear according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it also comprises: synchronizer IV (20) and input electric motor shaft (21); Synchronizer IV (20) is connected by free-sliding spline with input electric motor shaft (21); Synchronizer IV (20) has three location statuss: intermediate orientation, and be slidably connected left state, and be slidably connected to the right state; Synchronizer IV (20) mediate state time, input electric motor shaft (21) is not connected with output shaft (7) and gear I (8); When synchronizer IV (20) is in and is slidably connected state left, input electric motor shaft (21) and gear I (8) combine; Synchronizer IV (20) be in the right bonding state time, input electric motor shaft (21) and output shaft (7) combine.
5. duplex-gear according to claim 1 wheeled six gear gearboxes, it is characterized in that, its six gears drive connection as follows:
1 grade of drive connection: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the left tooth of duplicate gear B (5), the right tooth of duplicate gear C (10), the left tooth of duplicate gear C (11), the right tooth of duplicate gear A (3), the left tooth of duplicate gear A (2), gear II (13), synchronizer III (12), is exported by output shaft (7);
2 gear drive connections: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the left tooth of duplicate gear A (2), gear II (13), synchronizer III (12), is exported by output shaft (7);
3 gear drive connections: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the left tooth of duplicate gear B (5), the right tooth of duplicate gear C, synchronizer III (12), is exported by output shaft (7);
4 gear drive connections: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the right tooth of duplicate gear B (6), gear I (8), synchronizer II (9), is exported by output shaft (7);
5 gear drive connections: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the right tooth of duplicate gear A (3), the left tooth of duplicate gear C (11), synchronizer III (12), is exported by output shaft (7);
6 gear drive connections: the power that power source exports is by input shaft (1) input, through synchronizer I (4), the right tooth of duplicate gear A (3), the left tooth of duplicate gear C (11), the right tooth of duplicate gear C (10), the left tooth of duplicate gear B (5), the right tooth of duplicate gear B (6), gear I (8), synchronizer II (9), is exported by output shaft (7).
CN201520347905.6U 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 The wheeled six gear gearboxes of a kind of duplex-gear Withdrawn - After Issue CN204628445U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879452A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-02 吉林大学 Dual-gear type six-gear speed changing box and gear shifting process control method thereof
CN104948716A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-30 北京理工大学 Longitudinally-arranged dual-motor powered shifting transmission
CN107225959A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-10-03 安徽纽恩卡自控科技有限公司 One kind seven keeps off mixed power automobile driving system
CN112140867A (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-12-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power driving system and vehicle

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879452A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-02 吉林大学 Dual-gear type six-gear speed changing box and gear shifting process control method thereof
CN104948716A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-30 北京理工大学 Longitudinally-arranged dual-motor powered shifting transmission
CN107225959A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-10-03 安徽纽恩卡自控科技有限公司 One kind seven keeps off mixed power automobile driving system
CN107225959B (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-07-30 安徽纽恩卡自控科技有限公司 One kind seven keeps off mixed power automobile driving system
CN112140867A (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-12-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power driving system and vehicle
CN112140867B (en) * 2019-06-28 2022-04-15 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power driving system and vehicle

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