CN104947780A - Inflow vertical shaft system connected into deep tunnel drainage system - Google Patents

Inflow vertical shaft system connected into deep tunnel drainage system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104947780A
CN104947780A CN201510341351.3A CN201510341351A CN104947780A CN 104947780 A CN104947780 A CN 104947780A CN 201510341351 A CN201510341351 A CN 201510341351A CN 104947780 A CN104947780 A CN 104947780A
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China
Prior art keywords
vertical shaft
deep layer
mandarin
silo
becomes
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Pending
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CN201510341351.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董磊
张辰
张欣
高陆令
范勇
施祖辉
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Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Insitute Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Insitute Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510341351.3A priority Critical patent/CN104947780A/en
Publication of CN104947780A publication Critical patent/CN104947780A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to an inflow vertical shaft system connected into a deep tunnel drainage system. The whole inflow vertical shaft system is arranged underground or half of the inflow vertical shaft system is arranged underground and the system is used for delivering rainwater and sewage in a shallow drainage system into the deep tunnel drainage system. The inflow vertical shaft system comprises a connecting device, a rotational flow falling vertical shaft device, a base plate and at least two ventilation devices, wherein the connecting device is connected with the shallow drainage system; the rotational flow falling vertical shaft device is vertically arranged, one end of the rotational flow falling vertical shaft device is connected with the connecting device, and the other end of the rotational flow falling vertical shaft device is connected with the deep tunnel drainage system; the base plate is arranged at the bottom of the rotational flow falling vertical shaft device and bears the impact and vibration caused by falling of rainwater and sewage; the ventilation devices include the first ventilation device and the second ventilation device and are used for exhausting gas carried in rainwater and sewage. According to the inflow vertical shaft system connected into the deep tunnel drainage system, kinetic energy and potential energy of water flow can be eliminated in the process of delivering rainwater and sewage into the deep tunnel drainage system, the gas carried when water flow falls can be exhausted, the inflow vertical shaft system can play a role as a point-shaped storage pond, and the requirement for environmental friendliness is met.

Description

A kind of silo system that becomes a mandarin accessing deep layer tunnel drainage system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of silo system that becomes a mandarin of urban sewerage and drainage, specifically refer to a kind of silo system that becomes a mandarin accessing deep layer tunnel drainage system, belong to urban sewerage and drainage prevention waterlogging and water prevention and cure of pollution field.
Background technology
Along with the continuous quickening of urbanization process, city size goes from strength to strength, a large amount of land character there occurs change in recent years, hard place is mated formation and the Permeable stratum area such as building increases greatly, change watershed system condition, flow mode and peak flood flow are greatly increased, thus strengthens or exceeded the draining flood discharge capacity in municipal drainage system, river course.When city meets with extreme rainy weather, the phenomenon of ponding waterlogging takes place frequently.The quantity in the 2013 disaster-stricken cities of Nian Shi China rainwater above county level reaches 234, and city falls into " seeing sea " awkward situation repeatly, and city population suffered from disaster is more than 5,000 ten thousand, and wherein injures and deaths 774 people, economic loss is up to 3,146 hundred million yuan, and 7 provinces lose 1% of super local GDP.
On the other hand, along with the acceleration of Urbanization in China, point source water pollution control is operated in national each metropolis and has completed and comparatively effectively control, but non-point pollution and city surface source pollution problem are still constantly increasing the weight of.The early-stage rainwater directly caused due to rainfall pollute and combined system region pollution load of overflow in rainy season (CSO) problem more and more outstanding, become the key factor of threat Urban Water Environment, water security, Ecology.
Deep layer tunnel drainage system refers to that major project adopts the tunnel of buried (being generally more than 10m) to regulate, store rain sewage, and Tunnel Endpoint arranges the drainage of large discharge pumping station for strong drainage.Build deep layer tunnel drainage system not only can improve urban sewerage and drainage prevention waterlogging standard but also can realize polluting early-stage rainwater and rainy season pollution load of overflow effective control, large area also can be avoided to rebuild transformation city present situation shallow-layer sewerage pipeline network, the wire deep layer tunnel drainage system of regulating and storing also comparable point-like storage pond saves capital construction land used greatly, to avoid removing a large amount of house, built district and underground utilities, less on surrounding enviroment impact.Therefore, in the planning and designing stage is included construction deep layer tunnel drainage system all in the ground such as current national each metropolis.
In view of above-mentioned, deep layer tunnel drainage system will become an important development direction of following China drain vocation.And the key components of silo system as deep layer tunnel drainage system that become a mandarin, effect is linked into deep layer tunnel drainage system by current from shallow-layer drainage system, and eliminate kinetic energy and the potential energy of current in the process, and when falling under a stream of water, remove the air carried secretly in current as far as possible.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of silo system that becomes a mandarin accessing deep layer tunnel drainage system, its by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system, and eliminate kinetic energy and the potential energy of current in the process, and discharge the gas carried secretly when current decline, the effect of point-like storage pond can be played, meet environmental requirement.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of silo system that becomes a mandarin accessing deep layer tunnel drainage system provided by the invention, it is the setting of full underground type or is that semi-underground type is arranged, by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system; This silo system that becomes a mandarin comprises: linkage, is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system; Eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, and it is vertically arranged, and one end is connected with described linkage, by this linkage, the rain sewage horizontal feed in shallow-layer drainage system is fallen vertical shaft device to eddy flow; The other end that this eddy flow falls vertical shaft device is connected with deep layer tunnel drainage system, falls vertical shaft device by rain sewage transport in deep layer tunnel drainage system by this eddy flow; Base plate, it is arranged on the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, bears impulse force and the vibration of the decline of rain sewage; At least two gas permeable devices, are respectively the first gas permeable devices and the second gas permeable devices, discharge the gas carried secretly in the rain sewage of conveying.
Described linkage comprises: inlet channel, and it is rectangular duct, and one end is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system, and the other end and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft device and be connected; This inlet channel is less than or equal to the section of these other parts of inlet channel at the section falling the junction of vertical shaft device with eddy flow; Water inlet manhole, it is arranged on described inlet channel, and the corrosion resistant cover plate be made up of metal material or other high-strength materials is laid at top; Flow meter, it is arranged in described water inlet manhole, metering discharge; Gate, it is arranged in described water inlet manhole, turns off water inlet.
Described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device and comprises: eddy flow falls vertical shaft, and its bottom is connected with the deep layer tunnel of deep layer tunnel drainage system; Deflector, its borehole wall falling vertical shaft along described eddy flow is arranged in the shape of a spiral, and the top of this deflector is connected with described inlet channel; Water hole, it is opened in the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft, and is positioned at the junction that eddy flow falls vertical shaft and deep layer tunnel, is directed in deep layer tunnel by the rain sewage declined by this water hole along deflector spiral.
The surface of described base plate arranges corrosion resistant stainless steel metal layer, or arranges corrosion resistant strong concrete surface layer.
The first described gas permeable devices is made up of breathe freely well or ventilative pipeline, and it is arranged on the top that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft, and the gas outlet of this first gas permeable devices is above ground level.
The second described gas permeable devices is made up of breathe freely well or ventilative pipeline, and it is arranged on above the incoming end in described deep layer tunnel, and the gas outlet of this second gas permeable devices is above ground level, or is connected with the first described gas permeable devices.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprises discrepancy stair, and itself and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft interval and arrange, bottom materials handler or mini-plant to the silo system that becomes a mandarin; Described discrepancy stair are ladder of running, and adopt corrosion resistant concrete or stainless steel to make; Or described discrepancy stair are elevator.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprise lifting eye, it is opened in the top of the silo system that becomes a mandarin; Bottom the described large-scale repair apparatus of lifting eye handling, douching wheels to the silo system that becomes a mandarin; Described lifting eye lays the corrosion resistant cover plate be made up of metal material; The surrounding of described lifting eye arranges security guardrail and safety warning sign.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, when being arranged on environmental sensitive area, also comprise odor removal, its exhausting system is connected with the gas outlet of the second gas permeable devices with the first described gas permeable devices, is collected the gas of process discharge by the mode of air-draft deodorization; Described odor removal adopts bio filter, or ion-oxygen method, or chemical washing method carries out deodorizing, and deodorizing air quantity is 5 ~ 10 designs by deodorization space unit volume ventilation rate.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprises lighting device, and it is arranged on and described becomes a mandarin in silo system; This lighting device adopts light guide illumination device and conventional illuminator to combine.
In sum, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system provided by the present invention, compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
1, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention can by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system, and eliminate kinetic energy and the potential energy of current in the process, and discharge the gas carried secretly when current decline as far as possible.
2, the main body of the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention all or major part be positioned at underground, environmental friendliness, little on the impact of surrounding enviroment, the above soil space in ground can be used for park and makes other purposes such as scape, science and education publicity.
3, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention is because having huge regulating space, and it can play the effect of point-like storage pond, the deep layer tunnel drainage system of regulating and storing with wire with the use of, more flexibly, have complementary advantages.
4, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention can meet deep layer tunnel drainage system accidental conditions and various accident conditions simultaneously, is convenient to operational management and overhaul of the equipments.
5, the lighting device employing optical illumination of the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention combines with traditional lighting and uses, the light source of optical illumination takes from natural light completely, without any artificial energy consumption, and light is soft evenly, entire spectrum, flicker free, free from glare, pollution-free, it is combined with traditional lighting, energy-saving and environmental protection, green, and the daylighting requirement after traditional illumination system power-off can be ensured.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the elevational schematic view of the silo system that becomes a mandarin accessing deep layer tunnel drainage system in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of Fig. 1 along A-A line.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, by describing a preferably specific embodiment in detail, the present invention is further elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1, be the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, it is the setting of full underground type or is that semi-underground type is arranged, by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system; This silo system that becomes a mandarin comprises: linkage, is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system; Eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, and it is vertically arranged, and one end is connected with described linkage, by this linkage, the rain sewage horizontal feed in shallow-layer drainage system is fallen vertical shaft device to eddy flow; The other end that this eddy flow falls vertical shaft device is connected with deep layer tunnel drainage system, falls vertical shaft device by rain sewage transport in deep layer tunnel drainage system by this eddy flow; Base plate 7, it is arranged on the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, bears eddy flow and falls the impulse force and vibration that rain sewage in vertical shaft device produces because declining; At least two gas permeable devices, are respectively the first gas permeable devices and the second gas permeable devices, for discharging the gas carried secretly in the rain sewage of conveying.
Described linkage comprises: inlet channel 12, and it is rectangular duct, and one end is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system, and the other end and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft device and be connected; Water inlet manhole 1, it is arranged on described inlet channel 12, and as shown in Figure 2, the corrosion resistant cover plate 10 be made up of metal material or other high-strength materials is laid at the top of this water inlet manhole 1; Flow meter 2, it is arranged in described water inlet manhole 1, for the discharge be metered into; Gate 3(also can be weir gate), it is arranged in described water inlet manhole 1, for turning off water inlet, flow backwards during Accident prevention.
The section that described inlet channel 12 is falling the junction of vertical shaft device with eddy flow suitably can reduce according to actual conditions, namely this inlet channel 12 is less than or equal to the section of these other parts of inlet channel at the section falling the junction of vertical shaft device with eddy flow, thus forms the slipstream falling vertical shaft device along eddy flow.
Described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device and comprises: eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4, and its bottom is connected with the deep layer tunnel 13 of deep layer tunnel drainage system; Deflector 5, as shown in figures 1 and 3, its borehole wall falling vertical shaft 4 along described eddy flow is arranged in the shape of a spiral, the top of this deflector is connected with described inlet channel 12, make the rain sewage carried by inlet channel 12 in dropping to along deflector 5 bottom that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 in a spiral form, thus the gas carried secretly in rain sewage current can be reduced, and significantly eliminate kinetic energy and the potential energy of rain sewage current, reduce rain sewage current simultaneously and impact bottom vertical shaft 4 is fallen on eddy flow; Water hole 11, as shown in Figure 3, it is opened in the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4, and is positioned at the junction that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 and deep layer tunnel 13, is directed in deep layer tunnel 13 by the rain sewage declined by this water hole 11 along deflector 5 spiral.
What the diameter that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 depended on the rain sewage water yield that becomes a mandarin enters flow velocity, air entrainment, head loss etc., also need the turnover requirement considering staff simultaneously, comprise the need of being used as urgent access, and the need of falling the bottom etc. of vertical shaft 4 from ground transport maintenance tool to eddy flow.If do not have the requirement of personnel and instrument conveying, the diameter dimension that this eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 can be determined according to the result of flow in conjunction with physics model measurement.
The borehole wall roughness that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 depends on effect of energy dissipation and the head loss of rain sewage current.When needing the effect of energy dissipation increasing rain sewage current in actual conditions, the borehole wall roughness that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 can be increased.When needing the head loss reducing rain sewage current in actual conditions, the borehole wall roughness that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 can be reduced, and suitably can adjust the gradient of deflector 5 spiral decline.
The surface of described base plate 7 arranges corrosion resistant stainless steel metal layer, or arranges corrosion resistant strong concrete surface layer etc., with prevent decline rain sewage current in the erosion of sand grains and the corrosion of sewage.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the first described gas permeable devices 61 is made up of ventilative well or ventilative pipeline, and it is arranged on the top that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4, and gas outlet certain safe distance above ground level of this first gas permeable devices 61, falls accidentally to prevent personnel; This first gas permeable devices 61 is discharged for eddy flow being fallen the gas carried secretly in the rain sewage that helically declines in vertical shaft 4, keeps eddy flow to fall the stability of flow of vertical shaft 4.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the second described gas permeable devices 62 is made up of ventilative well or ventilative pipeline, it is arranged on above the incoming end in described deep layer tunnel 13, this second gas permeable devices 62 can arrange independently gas outlet, and make its certain safe distance above ground level equally, or the gas outlet of this second gas permeable devices 62 is connected with the first described gas permeable devices 61; This second gas permeable devices 62 will change because of water (flow) direction at deep layer tunnel drainage system incoming end place, and after causing flow velocity to reduce gas-water separation, escaping gas is discharged, and keeps the stability of flow of deep layer tunnel drainage system incoming end.
The first described gas permeable devices 61 and the caliber size of the second gas permeable devices 62 depend on the Air permenbility of Exhaust Gas, also need the turnover requirement considering staff simultaneously, comprise the need of being used as urgent access, and the need of from ground transport maintenance tool etc.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprise stair 8 of coming in and going out, itself and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft 4 interval and arrange, and it highly meets staff or mini-plant by the requirement bottom ground transport to the silo system that becomes a mandarin.Described discrepancy stair 8 are ladder of running, and adopt corrosion resistant concrete or stainless steel to make; Or described discrepancy stair 8 are elevator, and its IP degree of protection should meet the requirement of more than IP58.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprise lifting eye 9, it is opened in the top of the silo system that becomes a mandarin; This lifting eye 9 can fall vertical shaft 4 and come in and go out between stair 8 at described eddy flow, or when the diameter dimension that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4 is very large, this lifting eye also can be positioned at the top that eddy flow falls vertical shaft 4; The requirement that the aperture of described lifting eye 9 meets large-scale repair apparatus, douching wheels enters and exits flow through shaft system; As shown in Figure 2, described lifting eye 9 lays the corrosion resistant high strength cover plate 10 be made up of metal material; The surrounding of described lifting eye 9 arranges security guardrail and safety warning sign, and accident occurs to prevent that personnel from falling etc.
As shown in Figure 2, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, if be arranged on environmental sensitive area, also comprise odor removal 14, its exhausting system can be connected with the gas outlet of the second gas permeable devices 62 with the first described gas permeable devices 61, carry out by the mode of air-draft deodorization collections to the gas of discharging to process, meet the air quality requirements of environment impact assessment statement, reduce the impact of pollution on surrounding enviroment and people's lives; Described odor removal 14 adopts bio filter, or ion-oxygen method, or chemical washing method carries out deodorizing, and deodorizing air quantity is 5 ~ 10 designs by deodorization space unit volume ventilation rate.
The silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention, also comprises lighting device, and it is arranged on and described becomes a mandarin in silo system; This lighting device adopts light guide illumination device and conventional illuminator to combine; Wherein, described light guide illumination device comprises: dome skylight, and its highly effective gathering natural light outside line also becomes a mandarin in silo system; Light pipe, it transmits the available light collected and strengthens; Diffusing device, it is arranged on the bottom of the silo system that becomes a mandarin, by through light pipe strengthening after available light uniform high-efficiency be irradiated to any place needing light in the silo system that becomes a mandarin, obtain the special lighting effect brought by natural light.Described light guide illumination device combines with conventional illuminator, energy-saving and environmental protection, green, even if also can ensure the light requirement become a mandarin in silo system after power-off.
Below by way of a specific embodiment, describe the operating principle of the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention in detail.
As shown in FIG. 1 to 3, the rain sewage accessed by shallow-layer drainage system enters into water manhole 1 by inlet channel 12, and the flow meter 2 arranged in this water inlet manhole 1 and gate 3, be respectively used to measurement and the gauge tap water of discharge; Rain sewage current enter eddy flow and fall vertical shaft 4 subsequently, and helically decline along the deflector 5 be arranged on the borehole wall, thus can reduce the gas carried secretly in rain sewage current, simultaneously can significantly energy dissipating to reduce the impact of current on base plate 7; Current are imported into deep layer tunnel 13 finally by being opened in the water hole 11 that eddy flow falls bottom vertical shaft 4.
In the process, the gas carried secretly in rain sewage is discharged by the first gas permeable devices 61 and the second gas permeable devices 62 respectively, keeps eddy flow to fall the stability of flow of vertical shaft 4 and deep layer tunnel 12 incoming end.Base plate 7 arranges corrosion resistant stainless steel metal layer due to surface, thus can prevent the erosion of sand grains and the corrosion of sewage in current, and bears current and to decline the impulse force and vibration that produce.8, stair of coming in and going out can meet staff or mini-plant from ground transport to the silo system that becomes a mandarin bottom requirement.The requirement that lifting eye 9 then can meet large-scale repair apparatus, douching wheels enters and exits flow through shaft system, and this lifting eye 9 lays corrosion resistant high strength cover plate.The foul smell of being discharged by two gas permeable devices can be carried out by the mode of air-draft deodorization collections and process by odor removal, meets the air quality requirements of environment impact assessment statement, reduces the impact of pollution on surrounding enviroment and people's lives.
In sum, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system provided by the present invention, compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
1, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention can by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system, and eliminate kinetic energy and the potential energy of current in the process, and discharge the gas carried secretly when current decline as far as possible.
2, the main body of the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention all or major part be positioned at underground, environmental friendliness, little on the impact of surrounding enviroment, the above soil space in ground can be used for park and makes other purposes such as scape, science and education publicity.
3, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention is because having huge regulating space, and it can play the effect of point-like storage pond, the deep layer tunnel drainage system of regulating and storing with wire with the use of, more flexibly, have complementary advantages.
4, the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention can meet deep layer tunnel drainage system accidental conditions and various accident conditions simultaneously, is convenient to operational management and overhaul of the equipments.
5, the lighting device employing optical illumination of the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system of the present invention combines with traditional lighting and uses, the light source of optical illumination takes from natural light completely, without any artificial energy consumption, and light is soft evenly, entire spectrum, flicker free, free from glare, pollution-free, it is combined with traditional lighting, energy-saving and environmental protection, green, and the daylighting requirement after traditional illumination system power-off can be ensured.
Although content of the present invention has done detailed introduction by above preferred embodiment, will be appreciated that above-mentioned description should not be considered to limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. access the silo system that becomes a mandarin of deep layer tunnel drainage system, arrange for full underground type or arrange, by the rain sewage transport in shallow-layer drainage system in deep layer tunnel drainage system for semi-underground type; It is characterized in that, this silo system that becomes a mandarin comprises:
Linkage, is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system;
Eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, and it is vertically arranged, and one end is connected with described linkage, by this linkage, the rain sewage horizontal feed in shallow-layer drainage system is fallen vertical shaft device to eddy flow; The other end that this eddy flow falls vertical shaft device is connected with deep layer tunnel drainage system, falls vertical shaft device by rain sewage transport in deep layer tunnel drainage system by this eddy flow;
Base plate (7), it is arranged on the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device, bears impulse force and the vibration of the decline of rain sewage;
At least two gas permeable devices, are respectively the first gas permeable devices and the second gas permeable devices, discharge the gas carried secretly in the rain sewage of conveying.
2. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described linkage comprises:
Inlet channel (12), it is rectangular duct, and one end is connected with described shallow-layer drainage system, and the other end and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft device and be connected; This inlet channel (12) is less than or equal to the section of this inlet channel (12) other parts at the section falling the junction of vertical shaft device with eddy flow;
Water inlet manhole (1), it is arranged on described inlet channel (12), and the corrosion resistant cover plate (10) be made up of metal material is laid at top;
Flow meter (2), it is arranged in described water inlet manhole (1), metering discharge;
Gate (3), it is arranged in described water inlet manhole (1), turns off water inlet.
3. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described eddy flow falls vertical shaft device and comprises:
Eddy flow falls vertical shaft (4), and its bottom is connected with the deep layer tunnel (13) of deep layer tunnel drainage system;
Deflector (5), its borehole wall falling vertical shaft (4) along described eddy flow is arranged in the shape of a spiral, and the top of this deflector is connected with described inlet channel (12);
Water hole (11), it is opened in the bottom that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft (4), and be positioned at the junction that eddy flow falls vertical shaft (4) and deep layer tunnel (13), by this water hole (11), the rain sewage declined along deflector (5) spiral is directed in deep layer tunnel (13).
4. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the surface of described base plate (7) arranges corrosion resistant stainless steel metal layer, or arranges corrosion resistant strong concrete surface layer.
5. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described the first gas permeable devices (61) is made up of ventilative well or ventilative pipeline, it is arranged on the top that described eddy flow falls vertical shaft (4), and the gas outlet of this first gas permeable devices (61) is above ground level.
6. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described the second gas permeable devices (62) is made up of ventilative well or ventilative pipeline, it is arranged on above the incoming end in described deep layer tunnel (13), the gas outlet of this second gas permeable devices (62) is above ground level, or is connected with described the first gas permeable devices (61).
7. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: also comprise stair (8) of coming in and going out, itself and described eddy flow fall vertical shaft (4) interval and arrange, bottom materials handler or mini-plant to the silo system that becomes a mandarin;
Described discrepancy stair (8) are ladder of running, and adopt corrosion resistant concrete or stainless steel to make; Or described discrepancy stair (8) are elevator.
8. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: also comprise lifting eye (9), it is opened in the top of the silo system that becomes a mandarin;
Bottom the described large-scale repair apparatus of lifting eye (9) handling, douching wheels to the silo system that becomes a mandarin;
Described lifting eye (9) lays the corrosion resistant cover plate (10) be made up of metal material;
The surrounding of described lifting eye (9) arranges security guardrail and safety warning sign.
9. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, when being arranged on environmental sensitive area, also comprise odor removal (14), its exhausting system is connected with the gas outlet of the second gas permeable devices (62) with described the first gas permeable devices (61), is collected the gas of process discharge by the mode of air-draft deodorization;
Described odor removal (14) adopts bio filter, or ion-oxygen method, or chemical washing method carries out deodorizing, and deodorizing air quantity is 5 ~ 10 designs by deodorization space unit volume ventilation rate.
10. the silo system that becomes a mandarin of access deep layer tunnel drainage system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise lighting device, and it is arranged on and described becomes a mandarin in silo system; This lighting device adopts light guide illumination device and conventional illuminator to combine.
CN201510341351.3A 2015-06-18 2015-06-18 Inflow vertical shaft system connected into deep tunnel drainage system Pending CN104947780A (en)

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Cited By (6)

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CN105421569A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-23 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Spiral flow shaft type energy dissipation drop well
CN105888043A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-08-24 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Drainage deep-tunnel spiral channel type swirl shaft
CN106088296A (en) * 2016-08-10 2016-11-09 中机中联工程有限公司 Big flow, height fall poor draining drop well and multilamellar energy dissipating construction method thereof
RU2609237C1 (en) * 2015-12-07 2017-01-31 Михаил Иванович Голубенко Flow energy damper for discharge sewerage
CN107642143A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-30 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of formula that falls into accessed in the deep layer drainage system of city becomes a mandarin silo system
CN110374179A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-25 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 A kind of deep tunnel drainage system vertical shaft of economy

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