CN102261125B - Motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device - Google Patents

Motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102261125B
CN102261125B CN 201110199956 CN201110199956A CN102261125B CN 102261125 B CN102261125 B CN 102261125B CN 201110199956 CN201110199956 CN 201110199956 CN 201110199956 A CN201110199956 A CN 201110199956A CN 102261125 B CN102261125 B CN 102261125B
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China
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rainwater
suspension
housing
trap
unpowered
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201110199956
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CN102261125A (en
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朱向宏
何洪昌
刘来全
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朱向宏
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Abstract

The invention discloses a motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device, wherein a rainwater inlet is arranged on the upper part on the left side of a shell, a cyclone separator is arranged at the inner end of the rainwater inlet; a guide plate is arranged on the bottom of the shell below the cyclone separator, a suspension catcher is arranged on the shell bottom on the right side of the guide plate; a slag baffle and a two-phase separator are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end on the right side of the suspension catcher; a rainwater output connector and a rainwater infiltration pipe connector are respectively arranged on the upper part and the lower end on the right side of the shell. The invention has the advantages as follows: the device runs in a self-flowing manner without external power and is convenient to run and maintain; the functions of flood regulation storage, rainwater resource and non-point source pollution are integrated in one; the technical integration degree is high, multiple technical measures of cyclone separation, suspension catch, flow guide, two-phase separation and rainwater infiltration are integrated together; the device adopts a module structure, has rapid assembling and combining, flexible and convenient application; and the device adopts underground installation, thus the land space is saved. The problems, including flood, non-point pollution and water resource shortage, can be effectively alleviated.

Description

Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device, be widely used in the control of cities and towns and rural area rainwater and utilize industry, be used for flood control and reduction, Rainwater Resources (comprise rainwater reuse with under ooze), pollution of area source is controlled, do not consume the energy in the running, realize the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Technical background
For a long time, the many cities of China all are faced with the problems of the rain flood aspects such as flood, pollution of area source.
At first, along with the continuous propelling of city process, city sclerosis area constantly increases, and the rainwater infiltration amount is reduced, the Rainfall runoff surge.From runoff coefficient, urbanization is so that runoff coefficient 0.2 ~ 0.3 sharply is increased to 0.8~0.9 of sclerosis underlying surface before develop.Simultaneously, also so that the product of rainfall, concentration time obviously shorten, run-off obviously increases in the increase of sclerosis area.And the design standard of the many urban rainwater pipelines of China is on the low side, is generally 1 ~ 3 year, but is in cost consideration, and often for up not for down when meeting heavy rain, often causes sewer pipe cruelly full, can not in time drain off floodwaters, and causes the city waterlogging.At present urban architecture, road and underground pipeline system build up, the underground space is limited, existing pipe-line system is rebuild or is carried out large-scale redevelopment, owing to can cause very big impact to road along the line and building, also need very large investment, so be difficult in a short time realize.
Secondly, although China has strengthened the attention degree to the municipal water pollution control in recent years, Eleventh Five-Year Plan is in water pollution control, especially point-source pollution control aspect has obtained very much progress, yet even so, each Urban Water Environment pollution problem of China is not contained at all, even the sewerage treatment degree very high city (as Beijing wastewater treatment rate reached 90%, Shanghai reaches 80%, substantially, near developed country's metropolis level), wawter bloom phenomenon and water quality deterioration problem still happen occasionally behind the urban water-body rain.Along with the city point-source pollution is controlled gradually, pollution of area source has become the one of the main reasons that China's Urban Water Environment is polluted and destroyed.Present domestic pollution of area source control still is in the starting stage.Storage pond is one of typical measure of domestic pollution of area source control, although but the large-scale centralized formula Rainwater Storage Tank of the urban construction such as Shanghai is being brought into play certain effect aspect the pollution of area source control, but since the pipeline Rainwater Initial wash away not obvious, storage pond is very limited to the control effect of pollution of area source; And limited by steric requirements, the source control measure such as Low elevation greenbelt have difficulties at built city large-scale promotion application.
Again, most of north and western city also are faced with water shortage problem, but under the traditional cities development model, rainwater often directly flows away through pipe-line system in vain without utilizing; In addition, because the waterproof underlying surfaces such as street, building roof replace the natural ground such as original meadow, forest land gradually, the rainwater infiltration approach is truncated, thereby lost the effective supply approach of this underground water of rainwater infiltration, add artificial excessive development and use, the problem of underground water sedimentation has appearred in many cities, cone of groundwater occurs.Be that take Beijing example, Multi-year average precipitation are 544mm, every annual mean forms the run-off of 3.54 billion cubic meters, if this part rainwater can be taken full advantage of (reuse or under ooze), can save great lot of water resources, and effective recharge of groundwater.
Summary of the invention
The functional rain flood control use device that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of unpowered type is with shortcoming and the deficiency that solves existing Urban Storm Flood problem control technology.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device, it is characterized in that, comprise housing, cyclone separator, suspension trap, deflector, slag trap and two phase separator, top in the housing left side is provided with the rainwater entrance, at the inner cyclone separator of installing of this rainwater entrance; Deflector is equipped with in the bottom of housing below this cyclone separator, and the housing bottom on this deflector right side is equipped with the suspension trap; Above the right side of this suspension trap, two phase separator is housed, slag trap is housed above this two phase separator; Be respectively equipped with the rainwater output interface in the upper and lower on the right side of this housing and rainwater oozes interface tube.
The main body of described suspension trap is large mouth taper bucket up, is provided with filter bores at this taper bucket, is provided with bale handle in the upper end of this taper bucket; Be provided with the conical pit that cooperates with this taper bucket at described housing bottom, and insert the taper bucket of suspension trap.
The first half of described taper bucket is made with stainless steel cloth, and Lower Half is made with corrosion resistant plate.
The position of described rainwater output interface is lower than the rainwater entrance, is positioned at the flood level place, is connected with the rainwater conveyance conduit; Described rainwater oozes interface tube and is positioned at rainwater output interface below, is connected with the rainwater infiltration pipe.
Described two phase separator is made of the separating plate of polylith parallel interval setting, and each separating plate is inclined upwardly from left to right.
Described slag trap is positioned at the top of the low side in two phase separator upper end.
Be provided with the pump mouth of slagging tap on described housing top.
Described housing be rectangle, circle or with its approximate tank body.
Advantage of the present invention is: move in the gravity flow mode, need not additionaling power, operation maintenance is convenient; Integrate that flood is regulated and stored, Rainwater Resources and pollution of area source control etc. is multi-functional; The technology degree of integration is high, and integrated rotational flow separation, suspension capture, water conservancy diversion, two are separated and the many technical measures such as rainwater infiltration; Adopt modular structure, but the quick-assembling combination, and applying flexible is convenient; Embedded underground can be located at greenbelt, nonmotorized vehicle lane, square, below, parking lot, saves aboveground space; Structural strength is large, and weight capacity reaches 50t.Can effectively alleviate Urban Storm Flood and water environmental problems such as comprising flood, pollution of area source, shortage of water resources.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical cross-sectional schematic of general structure of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of Unpowered multifunctional rain flood of the present invention control use device, comprise device case (tank body) 1, cyclone separator 5, suspension trap 4, deflector 9, slag trap 7 and two phase separator 8, top in housing 1 left side is provided with rainwater entrance 10, in the inner of this rainwater entrance 10 cyclone separator 5 is installed.The bottom angled mounting guiding board 9(right low left high of housing below this cyclone separator 5), at the housing bottom on these deflector 9 right sides suspension trap 4 is housed.Two phase separator 8 is housed above the right side of this suspension trap 4, slag trap 7 is housed above this two phase separator 8.Be respectively equipped with rainwater output interface 2 in the upper and lower on the right side of this housing 1 and rainwater oozes interface tube 3.
Described cyclone separator 5 can adopt traditional hydrocyclone structure, and its arrival end links to each other with the inner of described rainwater entrance 10 and the inwall of housing 1.
The main body of described suspension trap 4 is large mouth taper bucket 41 up, is provided with bale handle 42 in the upper end of this taper bucket 41.Be provided with the conical pit 12 that cooperates with this taper bucket 41 in the bottom of described housing 1, be used for inserting the taper bucket 41 of suspension trap.The first half of taper bucket 41 is made with stainless steel cloth, can separate water outlet when leaving the water and divide; The Lower Half of taper bucket 41 is made with corrosion resistant plate, is used for catching silt.
The position of described rainwater output interface 2 is lower than rainwater entrance 10, is flood level, is connected with the rainwater conveyance conduit, rainwater is transported in the storing facilities of water be used.Described rainwater oozes interface tube 3 and is positioned at rainwater output interface 2 belows and is connected with rainwater infiltration pipe 11, and the rainwater that will be lower than flood level is penetrated into underground by rainwater infiltration pipe 11.
Described two phase separator 8 is made of the separating plate of polylith parallel interval setting, and each separating plate (section) is inclined upwardly from left to right.Described slag trap 7 is positioned at the top at the low side in two phase separator 8 upper ends or middle part, passes through to stop floating thing.
Be provided with the pump mouth 6 of slagging tap on described housing 1 top.
Described housing 1 be rectangle, circle or with its approximate tank body.
The present invention is in when work, and rainwater separates through cyclone separators 5 from rainwater entrance 10 and flows in the housings 1, and heavier suspension enters suspension trap 4 with footpath deflector 9 water conservancy diversion of flowing through, and floating thing is stopped by slag trap 7 and stays in device in the runoff; The partial suspended thing that is not caught by suspension trap 4 separates through two phase separator 8, and slips into suspension trap 4, and the suspension that is captured takes out cleaning by artificial lifting and through the suction eye 6 of slagging tap after the rain.Middle light rain runoff all dams in device, and wherein liquid level exceeds footpath that rainwater oozes interface tube 3 and flows down and ooze.And the part that the heavy rain runoff exceeds the device carrying capacity escapes and enter rain pipe output by rainwater output interface 2.
The present invention is arranged on catch-basin outlet pipe place when using, or access rainwater arm, also rainwater main part rainwater can be dammed to system.
Its operating principle is: in the functional rain flood control use device of unpowered type, because the density of water and suspension is different with proportion in the runoff, cyclone separation device 5 of the present invention moves downward suspension heavier in the runoff, clear water flows upward, deflector 9 guiding suspension concentrates are guided in the suspension trap 4, deflector 9 makes the rear portion form eddy flow simultaneously, avoids suspension in trap 4 front precipitations.On the floating thing that density is less in the runoff is bubbled through the water column, tackled by slag trap 7, the suspension that carries in the runoff is captured and is guided in the suspension trap 4 by two phase separator 8, and the runoff after the purification oozes interface tube 3 introducing rainwater infiltration pipes 11 by rainwater and permeates the ground.When rainfall is larger, introduce follow-up storm sewer by rainwater output interface 2.

Claims (6)

1. a Unpowered multifunctional rain flood is controlled use device, it is characterized in that, comprise housing, cyclone separator, suspension trap, deflector, slag trap and two phase separator, be provided with the rainwater entrance on the top in housing left side, at the inner cyclone separator of installing of this rainwater entrance; Deflector is equipped with in the bottom of housing below this cyclone separator, and the housing bottom on this deflector right side is equipped with the suspension trap; Above the right side of this suspension trap, two phase separator is housed, slag trap is housed above this two phase separator;
Be respectively equipped with the rainwater output interface in the upper and lower on the right side of this housing and rainwater oozes interface tube; The main body of described suspension trap is large mouth taper bucket up, is provided with filter bores at this taper bucket, is provided with bale handle in the upper end of this taper bucket; Be provided with the conical pit that cooperates with this taper bucket at described housing bottom, and insert the taper bucket of suspension trap.
2. Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device according to claim 1 is characterized in that the first half of described taper bucket is made with stainless steel cloth, and Lower Half is made with corrosion resistant plate.
3. Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device according to claim 1 is characterized in that the position of described rainwater output interface is lower than the rainwater entrance, is positioned at the flood level place, is connected with the rainwater conveyance conduit; Described rainwater oozes interface tube and is positioned at rainwater output interface below, is connected with the rainwater infiltration pipe.
4. Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described two phase separator is made of the separating plate of polylith parallel interval setting, and each separating plate is inclined upwardly from left to right.
5. Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device according to claim 4 is characterized in that described slag trap is positioned at the top of the low side in two phase separator upper end.
6. Unpowered multifunctional rain flood control use device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with the pump mouth of slagging tap on described housing top.
CN 201110199956 2011-07-18 2011-07-18 Motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device Expired - Fee Related CN102261125B (en)

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CN 201110199956 CN102261125B (en) 2011-07-18 2011-07-18 Motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110199956 CN102261125B (en) 2011-07-18 2011-07-18 Motorless multifunctional rain and flood control and utilization device

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CN102261125B true CN102261125B (en) 2013-05-29

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103938515B (en) * 2014-04-25 2017-01-04 王俊程 City automatic elevating ladder
CN104032826B (en) * 2014-05-22 2016-01-06 苏州础润生态科技有限公司 A kind of rainwater-collecting pretreatment unit
CN105672462B (en) * 2016-03-07 2018-12-04 洼石环境工程(上海)有限公司 A kind of automatically controlled current-limiting type wisdom Vatch basin with partition retaining device

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CN2079526U (en) * 1990-12-03 1991-06-26 北京市市政设计研究院研究所 Sedimentation device with inclined trapezium compartment
JP2005219047A (en) * 2004-01-07 2005-08-18 Tetsukazu Urano Oil-in-water separating apparatus
PL1735070T3 (en) * 2004-04-16 2014-01-31 Nijhuis Water Tech B V Separator device
CN2915215Y (en) * 2006-05-29 2007-06-27 中国市政工程华北设计研究院 Two layer combined deposition device
KR100819522B1 (en) * 2007-09-14 2008-04-04 한림에코텍 주식회사 A water tank for using fire protection
CN201737740U (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-02-09 中国石油天然气集团公司 Air floatation-coalescence-swirl deoiling apparatus
CN101934161A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-01-05 中国市政工程西北设计研究院有限公司 Composite sedimentation tank
CN202226723U (en) * 2011-07-18 2012-05-23 朱向宏 Unpowered multifunctional rainfall flood control and utilize device

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Granted publication date: 20130529

Termination date: 20170718